December 17 , 2007 Holland College, Charlottetown, P.E.I. FREE
A special edition of
PART OF DAILY DIET
Story on p. 9
Page 2 HOLLAND COLLEGE JOURNALISM REVIEW Dec. 17, 2007
The The merits of J-school
See page 4
is a learning tool
for students in the
at Holland College.
in The Surveyor
do not necessarily reflect
those of the college Un-spinning the message
EDITORIAL STAFF See page 7
TERESA WRIGHT CONSTABLE
JACYLN KILLINS From doctor to anchor
STACEY MURRAY See page 8
by mail at
140 Weymouth Street
C1A 4Z1 The man behind the scenes
by e-mail at
firstname.lastname@example.org See page 10
or by telephone at
(902) 566-9589, 566-9591,
would like to thank Irving empire has its critics
ISLAND See page 11
for their continuing
Page 3 HOLLAND COLLEGE JOURNALISM REVIEW Dec. 17, 2007
Paper updates design to match the times
By COLIN MACLEAN
When the people of Summer-
side awoke on Oct. 12, 2006,
many found something very dif-
ferent about their community
paper, The Journal Pioneer.
Gone was the traditional bright
red masthead, the beige teasers on
top of the front page, the long sto-
ry on the left and a dozen other
little things that made The Journal
what it was.
“I’ve gone through a few
(redesigns) in my time, but this
one to me made the most sense,”
said managing editor Mike Turn-
He has been in the newspaper
business for about 20 years as a
freelancer, reporter and editor.
Between weekly and daily publi-
cations, The Journal is the sixth
paper he has edited in four
And a lot has changed in the
newspaper business over those 20
years, said Turner. When he grad-
uated from journalism school,
computers were just starting to
appear in newsrooms and up until
a few years ago colour wasn’t
really an issue.
There was a time when the
words would carry a story. Today,
shorter stories are the name of the
game and more thought is being
put into photos and other types of
Managing editor Mike Turner with the before and after photos of the Journal Pioneer’s most recent redesign. MacLean photo.
graphics, he said. “I’ve always believed that jour- providers by expanding their web- your readers.” represent our area,’ said Turner.
“(Today), the 800-word story nalism is about helping others.” sites, said Turner. Some people didn’t like the The Journal’s cartoonist did the
better be worth it.” The Journal is far more local Other media, such as radio and look at first, but mostly it just image with the blessing of those
But at the same time there’s also now because it’s material you TV, are locked into their broad- took time to get used to, said in charge of the lighthouse. But
a lot of room for creativity with can’t get anywhere else. It’s part cast time. But through the Inter- Turner. people had to adjust to that too,
images and photos, he said. of the evolution newspapers face, net, The Journal’s reporters can “People are defensive about he said.
Nancy MacPhee has been a said Turner. keep the community up to date their local newspaper,” he said, Also, the stock market section
reporter at The Journal for about Putting newspaper websites to anytime of the day. adding it’s part of the community. of the paper was removed.
10 years. To her, The Journal’s good use is also part of a compa- The trick is getting people to see One person complained the new “The people in the stock market
new look is easer to read and ny-wide thrust in response to a the connection between the two layout was harder to read even are people who have computers,”
looks more professional. She also circulation slump. Most people versions of the paper. though the size of the lettering said Turner.
finds the new design has affected get their information from the “It’s somewhat subliminal but had actually been increased. All of these changes are to a
the way she approaches her job. Internet now, so the new layout the website is on the top of every Another said they couldn’t find certain extent about breaking old
“I think it’s improved my writ- was designed with the web in page.” the letters to the editor anymore, rules journalists have in the indus-
ing.” mind, he said. And usually if audio or video is but letters to the editors are still try. The papers breaking the rules
It’s all about trying to find a Donna Butler has been reading available to accompany a story on page four, where they’ve are the ones being talked about,
more appealing way to sell the the Journal for years and she there would be a message in the always been, said Turner. said Turner.
product, she said. One of the thinks the new design is a big paper pointing readers to the web- People just needed to give it a Many people are saying that
ways they’ve done this is by improvement. site, Turner said. chance and generally people have because of the movement towards
changing the amount of hard “The old one (design) was a lit- “Instead of just reading what been supportive. online content, printed newspa-
news coverage they do. tle mixed up. This one is a lot somebody said you can actually “It’s like waking up one day and pers are becoming obsolete.
“We’ve become more people- more clear,” she said. hear their voice, which is another seeing your furniture moved Turner doesn’t agree, although
oriented and a far better read.” She also like the shorter stories facet of storytelling.” around.” he did say in years to come the
People want to read stories “because they do kind of ramble So far the response from the A big concern for many people newspaper industry will change
about their neighbours. They want on sometimes.” community has been pretty posi- was changing the red Journal Pio- into something that barely resem-
to hear about what’s going on in And she enjoys the teasers tive, although it’s always a risky neer nameplate to the illustration bles what it is now.
their community. It’s not always along the left of the page. venture when you’re making a of the West Point Light House. “Personally, I’m confident the
about the more unpleasant side of Newspapers are starting to change, said MacPhee. “For the nameplate, we wanted newspaper will be around for a
news coverage, she said. become multi-platform news “You have to really fight for something that was personal to while.”
The merits of J-school
Page 4 HOLLAND COLLEGE JOURNALISM REVIEW Dec. 17, 2007
Do you need training to be a successful journalist?
By JACLYN KILLINS said.
“I did get that it was a hard
There is only one piece Globe work thing. J-school does tell you
and Mail columnist Roy MacGre- there is a reality behind journal-
gor says he ever wrote that never ism. It’s no American Dream.”
ran. It’s a frank recollection of his Arcaro, about to graduate from
year studying journalism at The Brock University with a bachelor
University of Western Ontario. of arts in English and history with
He was asked to write about his a minor in women’s studies, said
experience for their alumnae mag- university didn’t help her as a
azine, and what he came up with journalist at all.
wasn’t flattering. “I’ve seen one place, Toronto
In it, MacGregor explains how Life magazine that required a uni-
all but two professors failed to versity degree.”
connect with the students, classes But J-school taught her the
were ill attended and the curricu-
important tools of journalism,
lum was a joke.
He and his classmates, he said,
were in their “early twenties, “I learned about [the news
already with a degree from some- cooperative Canadian Press] and
where else … a year or two spent its value in the industry.”
tromping about Europe, grateful Niagara College’s program cov-
that Canada was not in Vietnam, ered important subjects like the
Nixon-hating, Stones lovin’, long Canadian justice system and poli-
haired, mixed-up, career-baffled tics and taught students important
and, instantly, appalled by what details of reporting like “saving
the University of Western Ontario all records for a few years,”
was claiming to be a course in Arcaro said.
journalism.” Her satisfaction with J-school
There was some merit in the comes from being keen and shak-
course, however, since he left ing the information out of her
with the confidence to become a sub-par teachers, something many
journalist, said MacGregor. classmates couldn’t be bothered
“The year was academically a Paul MacNeill. Submitted photo Roy MacGregor. Submitted photo doing, so they didn’t get as much
“The year was academically a disaster, but oddly
disaster, but oddly enough, as out of the course, she said.
time wore on I came to see that “The only reason why I got so
all was not lost, that I had lost all
enough, as time wore on I came to see that all was
much out of it is because I
fear that journalism might be bugged the guy. There was a lack
some secret handshake ever to be of respect for the professor. He
not lost, that I had lost all fear that journalism might
denied me.” was an old senile man. We had to
The journalism program at The do all our typesets at 16 point.”
be some secret handshake ever to be denied me.”
University of Western Ontario At the Eastern Graphic newspa-
was threatened with the axe in the per in Montague, P.E.I., it is not
early 1980s, but public protest J-school, but proof of inquisitive
helped it to survive. - Roy MacGregor thinking that gets people hired,
Still, MacGregor is a big believ- publisher Paul MacNeill, said.
er in a general education for jour- went on to become famous jour- tion of a newspaper, radio station journalist, MacGregor said.
nalists, he said. or television program, he said. “Fancy writing can come later, “You can teach people how to
nalists, he said.
J-school is now an important “Students would learn far, far but first of all you have to get the write a sentence, you can’t teach
“Go to university for a bit and
study anything but journalism, step in becoming a journalist, but more with hands on experience job done.” critical thinking.”
and then take journalism.” he wonders if the ideal journalis- and deadlines than they would in Jessica Arcaro worked as a MacNeill said the big problem
More people majoring in sci- tic personality doesn’t fit into cur- the class.” reporter/photographer for Niagara with J-schools today is they don’t
ences like economics, engineering rent moulds of education, Mac- Most of the focus of a journal- This Week, a newspaper that puts teach students how to communi-
or biology should get into journal- gregor said. ism program should be on pro- out weekly and bi-weekly news- cate with the community around
ism because there is a need for “The journalistic personality is ducing material, with someone papers for communities across the them.
people who can translate science by nature attention-deficit, so the overseeing and pointing out Niagara Region in Ontario. “I see J-schools fall down an
to the public, MacGregor said. fact that people don’t do well in where students are going right A graduate of Niagara College’s awful lot around that issue.”
“I don’t think there are enough the accepted school system does- and where they are going wrong, two-year journalism program, When hiring editors and
science degrees out there going n’t mean for a moment they MacGregor said. Arcaro learned the realities of the reporters, MacNeill looks for peo-
into journalism.” wouldn’t make good journalists.” “[Journalism is] like anything field at J-school, she said. ple who are capable of going out
MacGregor comes from an ear- MacGregor’s opinion of a use- else from a sport to playing the The professors made it clear to and getting to know the commu-
lier era in journalism, an age ful journalism program is one that piano, it’s all about practice.” the students that if they think nity, people who have “the ability
when Grade 9 dropouts Robert takes lessons learned in a class Learning to meet deadlines is an being a reporter is a nine-to-five to take information, distill it and
Fulford and Michael Enwright setting and applies it to produc- important part of training to be a job, they will be surprised, Arcaro give it to your audience,” he said.
Dec. 17, 2007 HOLLAND COLLEGE JOURNALISM REVIEW Page 5
Turning down the noise
With the wealth of information circulating today, getting overwhelmed is easy
By DOUG DICKIESON
During the school year, UPEI
student Stephen Mahar can be
found in his room buried deep in
his studies on political science,
surrounded by books and papers
and cold cups off coffee.
The inside of his room is filled
by two desks overflowing with
papers and books, he uses one
desk to set his laptop on and the
other to organized what work is
If he hasn’t locked himself in
his room, he sets himself up on
his kitchen table. His studies have
him read Internet blogs, journals
and government websites.
Having most of his classes in
the afternoon, he usually goes to
sleep around 4 a.m.
Mahar said his biggest chal-
lenge is when the information
overwhelms him, especially when
it comes to following the news.
Public access to information has
always been in television, radio,
or printed word, but the amount
of information being promoted
continues to increase, said Mahar.
“Before the Internet, you had to
wait to get the news, today you
don’t have to.”
It is hard not to get over-
whelmed by the amount of infor-
mation circulating, whether it
comes from Internet blogs, hourly
news updates on the radio, or 24- Stephen Mahar usually sets up his study area in his room, but sometimes he needs to get rid of it and do his work in his
hour news stations, he said. kitchen. Dickieson photo
“Sometimes you need a break
from the stress.” from their home computers, said ing breaking news, but it is more
Many people are overwhelmed
with all the information available
“Sometimes you need Dave Helwig, news director of
like entertainment than journal-
these days and it helps to know
how to reduce the noise, said
a break from the stress.” “If someone covers an accident
or city event, we can have a video
“When you watch or read it for
a while, you got to ask how much
Gary MacDougall, managing edi- of it posted on the site within depth does this have.”
tor of The Guardian daily news- - Stephen Mahar minutes.” Helwig said the best way he has
paper in Charlottetown, P.E.I. Helwig said it is impossible for found to deal with too much
irrelevant issues to get into the best judgment about what infor- printed newspapers to do this information is staying focused on
When readers are faced with so
story, it becomes hard for readers mation they are taking in. because newspapers need to be one issue at a time.
many news choices, it can
to cut out the noise.” “If you know why you read or manufactured before publishing, “Every editor wakes up to a uni-
become hard to identify what
Most people want their informa- listen to the news, rather than just while on the Internet they have verse of information, it’s when
matters in news.
tion to be put into perspective, taking it in, is the best way to cut unlimited space. you try to take everything at once
“Journalism is simple, the
and balanced stories help readers out the noise.” Mahar said citizen journalism is is when you get overwhelmed.”
reporter goes out and gets the
in doing so, said MacDougall. With cellphones equipped with what causes readers to get over- Mahar parties with friends to
info, then tries to make a bal-
“You have to be aware of spin cameras, anyone can capture an whelmed with information. relieve the stress when he is it not
to be able to put your information event and post it on the Internet, “They are made to sound impor- buried in his political science
If the information is unbal-
into perspective.” this is called citizen journalism. tant so often, I stopped listening work.
anced, it’s easier for newsreaders
MacDougall said it starts with The Internet newspaper sooto- to it all together.” “Literally, every university stu-
to get confused about what they
the journalist asking the best day.com uses citizen journalism MacDougall said citizen jour- dent works for the weekend,
are reading, said MacDougall.
questions to get the best informa- to help cover the news by allow- nalism has its uniqueness and its though there are some who
“Spin makes the story less
tion, so the readers can make the ing people to post their videos strengths when it comes to cover- don’t.”
focused and allows for a lot of
Page 6 HOLLAND COLLEGE JOURNALISM REVIEW Dec. 17, 2007
Citizen journalists finding ways
to get their stories told
By JENNILEE Luhani is also in the Citizen
CUDMORE Journalism facebook group. He
moved to Ontario from Croatia
A journalist’s job is to get the when he was nine.
news to the public. Luhani and his family moved
But increasingly, they play an to Canada to escape the war that
active role in the process of col- was going on in their country.
lecting and reporting news and The war broke out in Croatia
information. when it declared independence
Some go out of their way to from Yugooslavia.
find a story to pitch to a local Croatian forces blockaded fed-
newspaper or TV station. Others eral barracks, cutting off utili-
just happen to be in the right ties and food. Yugoslavian sol-
place at the right time to get a diers then shelled nearby civil-
big news story. ian areas.
Guardian newspaper news edi- Luhani witnessed families
tor Bill McGuire in Charlotte- being shot and killed. He and
town, P.E.I., said the web is his family were forced to go to
more flexible than the newspa- a protection camp.
per when it comes to citizen “The camps were scary. We
journalism. had to practise drills in case we
“We have potentially 140,000 were bombed, even though we
journalists on P.E.I., everyone knew that if the camp was
has digital cameras these days.” bombed, we would probably all
Many people pitch ideas to the die,” said Luhani.
paper, he said He e-mailed a reporter telling
“You get a sense from calls his story. The reporter contacted
what’s important to the reader him the next day to set up an
and we’re always looking for interview.
help from readers.” The story made the front page
Since the Guardian has a small of the Ajax News Advisor
newsroom staff, it’s hard to be newspaper.
everywhere, he said. “I just wanted to get my story
“If what is shown to us by the out to let Canadians know what
public is newsworthy, we’ll take we went through and what
it for the paper.” many immigrants that moved to
Sometimes citizens come Canada have gone through,”
across top stories by accident. said Luhani.
In 2004, Claire George of He became interested in citi-
East Gwillimbury, Ontario hap- zen journalism when he came
pened to come across one of the across a CNN website on the
town’s Heritage buildings on topic.
fire late in the night. Claire George of Ontario has been all smiles since she stumbled across the burning heritage Other citizen journalists go out
“My family had just gotten building that changed her life. Submitted photo of their way to find a news wor-
back from vacation in Niagara thy story.
Falls and our camcorder was Corey Grey of Halifax some-
still in the car. I called 911 then came across that fire. I’d proba- two guys swinging at one per in Vancouver. times spends his free time driv-
grabbed the camcorder and bly be stuck taking random another,” she said. Wojick sent her the image over ing around looking for a story.
filmed the fire,” said George. courses at some university if I One of the guys pulled a knife the computer and Blakely wrote “I’ve always been big into
The fire department put out hadn’t,” said George. out of his pocket and stabbed about it, using her sister as one getting news first, I love telling
the fire before the town’s jour- TarrinWojick of Vancouver is a the other in the side. of the voices for the story. people things they didn’t know.
nalists arrived. member in a Facebook group “I was so shocked that I had “No one else got the fight on In high school I was a bit of a
“I was the only one with called Citizen Journalism. forgotten I was getting all this tape, I don’t think anyone even gossiper,” he said. Grey has yet
footage of the building on fire, She was at a popular dance on tape,” said Wojick. took pictures,” said Wojick. to come across a story newspa-
so our newspaper paid me $100 club when a fight broke out. Security and police quickly She pitched her story and pers or new stations want.
for the tape so they could use Wojick was with her friends arrived and arrested the man footage of the fight to other “I know I’ll come across a big
images from the tape,” she said. taking goofy pictures when they who did the stabbing. Mean- newspapers across the province, story sometime, but it is a little
Once George got a taste for heard yelling. while, Wojick was still filming. but they declined her offer. frustrating,” he said. Eventually
journalism, she was addicted. Wojick turned around just in “The guy even put up a fight Not all citizen journalists Grey wants enter the Kings Col-
She plans on enrolling in Carl- time to see one guy hit the other with the cops, it was ridicu- report on happening news. lege’s journalism program, but
ton’s Journalism program next in the face. lous,” she said. Some pitch interesting life sto- for now he’s more interested in
fall. “I turned my camera onto film Wojicks sister, Kara Blakely, ries. making citizen journalism his
“I really think it was fate I mode and started recorded these works at a smalltown newspa- Twenty-two-year-old Sharri hobby.
Dec. 17, 2007 HOLLAND COLLEGE JOURNALISM REVIEW Page 7
Spin and counter-spin
Increasingly, politicians use experts to help them control the message
By TERESA WRIGHT minister’s lips.
CONSTABLE “How do you know?” Elliott
Sitting in the legislature press Sheridan mumbled something
room after a heated exchange dur- about how they were still “ratify-
ing question period, CBC radio’s ing the numbers” and “in the
legislative reporter Brendan midst of looking at everything.”
Elliott was preparing to record his The interview was over, but the
story – when who should appear message track had been diligently
at the door but the premier’s poli- performed. Later Elliott said he
cy advisor. fully expected this would be the
Geoff Townsend walked in and, outcome when he saw Townsend
putting his feet up on a chair, sat go off with the minister before he
down for a chat. had a chance to interview him.
It was the second last day of the “That, to me,, sent up a bunch
government’s fall sitting and the of flags. And predictably, the
opposition Tories had made some quote from Geoff's mouth magi-
bold statements regarding the cally appeared a few minutes later
province’s proposed plan to intro- in Wes's mouth.”
duce a harmonzied sales tax to Knowing when you're being
P.E.I. spun is all about these kinds of
They had charged the HST observations, he said.
would end up costing every “That to me was an example of
Islander an extra $1,000 a year in spin.”
taxes. Of course, just because a politi-
Townsend was on a mission. cian is spinning information does-
“You know, Brendan,” he said. n’t necessarily mean he is lying.
“If we brought in the HST, it Thibodeau said one of the major
would actually be the single challenges he faces in political
biggest tax savings in the history
reporting is not becoming jaded,
of the province."
for this very reason.
As soon as he said this, it was
Brendan Elliott, CBC Radio’s legislative reporter, in front of Province House in Charlottetown. “I may give politicians a hard
obvious he liked the way it
Elliott must un-spin the message while covering provincial politics. Wright Constable photo. time, but I have the utmost in
sounded. He repeated it several
times through the course of the respect for them.”
conversation. They are, for the most part, hard
outlandish claim like the one “Facts are the best kind of truth, office from the reporters who working and have the best inter-
“The single biggest tax savings Geoff did. It might be true, but so hopefully some bureaucrat has must wait in the hall beyond,
in the history of the province," the ests of their constituents at heart,
the Spidey senses immediately go a study or some report that would Townsend re-appeared. he said.
Liberal advisor said once more off,” Elliott said in an interview say what the true cost or savings He pulled Sheridan into a side
for good measure as he left the “That being said, they need to
later. are,” he said. office – leaving Elliott to wait be kept in check, and part of that
room. When this happens, he asks Another practice he employs is until he was been fully briefed on
As Townsend waved goodbye job lies in the hands of the
himself things like, ‘How does he checking out what other provinces the HST issue. Almost a half hour media.”
and Elliott returned to his writing, know that?’ or ‘Why is he saying have done. later, Sheridan emerged – ready to
the reporter whispered, “I’ve just At the end of the day the most
that?’ “If that doesn't work, or if time be interviewed. important thing is reporters pres-
been spun.” “Many times the bigger the is a problem, you tell both sides Elliott got out his tape recorder
The Oxford dictionary defines a ent the news as fairly and as accu-
hype or spin, the less substance and let the reader be the judge.” while Townsend positioned him-
spin doctor as “a spokesperson for rately as possible, he said.
there is to the claim.” When covering this particular self just behind the two men as
a political party or politician And at the end of Elliott’s day
So after Townsend left the story, this is what he did. they conducted their interview.
employed to give a favourable media room, Elliott went looking “But then we followed it up “We're probably looking at the in the legislature, he presented
interpretation of events to the for answers. with New Brunswick’s experi- single largest tax saving for both sides of the debate, with
media.” Another seasoned political jour- ence...where they had big sav- Prince Edward Island in the histo- some colourful quotes from ques-
This was Townsend’s role on nalist was also covering the day’s ings,” Thibodeau said. ry of this province if we go with tion period.
this day. He didn’t want the proceedings. The Guardian news- Still looking for answers, Elliott HST,” Sheridan said as Elliott He ended by reminding
CBC’s story to be opposition paper’s chief political reporter, wrestled with how he would cov- questioned him about Bagnall’s Islanders that, despite the partisan
member Jim Bagnall’s accusa- Wayne Thibodeau, was hot on the er the story. claims of extra costs. politics prevalent in the debate,
tions about the HST costing trail of the HST story. He decided it was time to count- “We're talking about tens of the facts are not yet clear enough
Islanders $1,000 more a year in When trying to counter political er the spin and question the actual millions of dollars back in the to make any conclusions.
taxes. He wanted a good news spin such as Bagnall’s “$1,000 decision-maker on this issue – hands of Islanders.” “My story will help frame the
story about the Liberals bringing more in taxes” or Townsend’s Finance Minister Wes Sheridan. Townsend stood behind them – first impression many people will
in generous tax savings. “historical tax savings,” Thi- But just as Sheridan emerged his hand on his chin – smiling have for a particular story. That's
Elliott wasn’t biting. bodeau said he tries to find some- from the big wooden doors that broadly as he heard his day’s a lot of power,” he said. “And I
“The first sign that you're being one who can tell him the ‘truth.’ separate the privilege of elected phrase emerging from the finance never forget that as I try to report
spun is when someone makes an a balanced and informative.”
Page 8 HOLLAND COLLEGE JOURNALISM REVIEW Dec. 17, 2007
After ditching plans to become a doctor,
Bruce Rainnie finds a career in journalism
By MEGAN WALSH Bruce Rainnie is the host of
Compass, the evening news pro-
In high school, Bruce Rainnie gram on CBC Television in P.E.I.
and some friends did a show for He is also known as the voice of
his local cable station, but he did- CBC Sports in Atlantic Canada.
n’t plan on a career in broadcast- He covered the Olympic Games
ing at the time. in 2000, 2002, 2004 and 2006. In
“It was bad, but fun,” he said March 2004, he researched, co-
about the show. produced and hosted Great
It wasn’t until 1989, when he Expectations, a half-hour prime-
took a part-time job at a radio sta- time documentary on hockey star
tion to help with his university Sidney Crosby.
expenses, that he realized he He enjoyed making the docu-
wanted a career in broadcasting. mentary and sees Crosby as a
He graduated that year from good friend.
Dalhousie with a bachelor of sci- His favourite hockey team is
ence and he planned to go into Pittsburgh and he said it’s because
orthopedic medicine. he enjoys watching his buddy
His plans changed, however. play. He has also expanded his
Broadcasting gave him a rush and duties to host Hockey Night in
he knew it was what he wanted to Canada, CFL on CBC and the
do. World Curling Championships.
His university degree was never When Rainnie had to fill in for
used, well except to irritate his Ron MacLean while he was at the
friends with science talk, he said. Olympics, commentator Don
“My parents were thrilled,” Cherry gave him a hard time. But
Bruce’s brother, Matt, said sarcas- it was in a joking sort of way, he
tically about him leaving medi- said.
cine to go into broadcast. After the show Cherry went up
Actually, Matt, who works for
to Rainnie and told him he did a
CBC Radio in Charlottetown,
thinks his brother knew what he
Cherry kept calling him Brian,
“I think he made the right but Bruce didn’t correct him.
choice for himself. He’s a phe- Rainnie describes Cherry as a
nomenal communicator.” very nice guy who is actually qui-
The day Bruce graduated he et off camera.
was offered a job for $15,000 at MacLean is a good friend and
CJLS Radio in Yarmouth. He had someone he looks up to in the
a morning show that ran from 6 business.
a.m. to 10 a.m. and a promise of “He’s exactly himself when the
$16,000 in eight months after camera is on and I think it’s the
starting. greatest thing.”
His time at CJLS lasted six A person is most successful
years and in 1995 he applied for when they are themselves, he
Maritime Tonight, a CBC televi- Bruce Rainnie sitting at the anchor desk at CBC TV’s Compass. Walsh photo said.
sion program. The two people During the course of a year,
who had done the weather and his co-worker. also enjoys covering politics. in the same city is fantastic,” he Rainnie does a lot of traveling for
sports show retired in the same On Sept. 4, 1995, Bruce became And his co-worker, Sally Pitt, said. his career, whether it’s to NHL
year and both had to be replaced. the late night sports guy on Mar- said he does it well. Matt said he and Bruce have a games or to call the gold medal
A co-worker of Bruce’s in itime Tonight. He has the depth to handle a lot of fun working together. performance of the Canadian
Yarmouth got the weather posi- As a former high school basket- whole range of interviews. From “He’s an inspiration to work women’s hockey team in Turin,
tion for the show. She knew ball coach, Bruce said he likes to politics to sports to movie with. He doesn’t go halfway with Italy.
Bruce loved sports and urged him cover that sport the most, along reviews, he always has the appro- anything.” “I would say I travel 25 times a
to apply. with tennis. Tennis star Roger priate tone, she said. “He’ll come on my show and year for my job,” he said.
Forty-two people auditioned for Federer is one of his favourite “The job I have now is ideal,” I’ll go on his,” he said. Although his wife, Kendra
the sports position along side players to watch. Bruce said. It’s great to be around someone MacGillvray, and son, Mark,
Bruce’s co-worker, who read the “If I get either, I’m happy.” Matt couldn’t be happier with like that, Matt said. don’t travel with him often, he
weather. But hockey is a huge thing in where his brother ended up. Pitt said one of Bruce’s greatest said that’s his goal when Mark is
“I always thought she tried a lit- Canada, so covering it is always “Who would have thought we’d skills is he makes it look so easy. a little older.
tle harder with me because she fun as well, he said. end up in the same place. To have “He remains unflustered in all At 18 months, he’s too little to
wanted me to get it,” he said of Besides sports, Bruce said he a brother, who’s also a best friend, kinds of hectic situations.” take on long trips.
Page 9 HOLLAND COLLEGE JOURNALISM REVIEW Dec. 17, 2007
Graphic images part of daily diet
By STACEY MURRAY paper had to decide whether to
print photographs of the wreck-
Following a 2004 tsunami in age.
South East Asia, a group of men With media outlets around the
wearing masks lined up orange world covering the tragedy, the
and black body bags along a par- paper opted not to run its most
tially flooded mud road. graphic images of body parts,
A row of stores stood behind instead describing the scene
them, damaged by water. Debris through words.
surrounded them for miles. The paper’s readership reacted
Andre Forget captured this negatively, even without the
image in a photograph during his graphic images that could have
time in Banda Aceh, Indonesia. accompanied the story.
While he had been to several “Of course, it was a pretty
violent and devastating events graphic thing.”
over the years, the smell as he Still, the paper stood by its deci-
stepped off the plane in Indonesia sion, Oickle said.
would stay with him, even years “I’m in the opinion that tragic
later. events, while they’re sad, are still
“If you don’t expect it, it’s gut important to record.”
wrenching,” he said. In cases where they do decide to
Now chief photographer at the run a controversial photograph, he
Halifax Daily News, Forget has tries to prepare for the negative
traveled to Haiti, Northern Ire- feedback.
land, Mexico and Bosnia for “I make a decision that I can
shoots in the past. Working as a defend.”
photographer for over a decade, To Oickle, a newspaper serves
he has worked for Reuters, the as the historic document for the
Canadian Press and for several area it covers, and history isn’t
publications in Montreal, includ- always positive.
ing La Presse. “It’s not always a good thing.
At times in his career, the shock It’s not always rosy.”
of events has led him to photo- Forget said in many cases,
graph graphic images by instinct. newspapers in larger cities tend to
Many times, the scenes before print more graphic photos because
him were too compelling not to Holland College photography instructor Alex Murchison said the increase of violent images more things happen.
record, he said. might be due to an increasing number of media outlets. Murray photo-illustration. “In bigger cities, you get closer
“Sometimes you photograph to certain scenes.”
and look at it at another time.” “In rural New Brunswick, “Some of that stuff is more vio- “I think the big move has been In Vancouver, for example, For-
Forget said there have been you’re not allowed to show a bare lent than reality.” with digital technology. It has get photographed scenes from the
many occasions where his photo- breast. In the Globe and Mail you Creagen agreed, saying shows allowed us to see more out there,” ongoing drug problem in the city.
graphs haven’t made it to print – can – and you can also show dead like CSI account for a lot of the Murchison said. “We’re fed a “Sometimes it can be right in
by choice. bodies.” most graphic images people see. constant diet of imagery.” your backyard.”
“I censor some of the graphic Because the decision lies with “These are some pretty grue- This diet has led to people More recently, he photographed
images myself…I simply won’t editors, some of the most thought- some shows.” believing the world has become a cyclist who had been hit and
send them.” provoking images don’t see the Forget said the Internet has also more dangerous, he said. killed by a truck. The body was
Michael Creagen, photojournal- light of day, he said. accounted to the increase of “It tends to make us think it’s a covered by a tarp.
ism instructor at Kings College in “Sometimes the best work does- graphic images. Some of the most more violent world, but I think While it hit close to home for
Halifax, had a similar philosophy n’t get shown.” graphic images of the Net are it’s how we perceive it.” many in the city, Forget said it
when he photographed graphic Generally, media outlets have posted by citizen journalists, who From the publications he’s seen, was important for The Daily
images. eased the rules on what is accept- may not think about the impact Europe tends to print the most News to publish it.
“I could choose to send what I able for print when it comes to certain images can have. violent and sexually explicit pho- “It’s a gentle reminder to appre-
want.” violent and explicit images, “Events in this time are possibly tographs, while the Maritimes ciate life.”
Still, when he arrived at a scene, Creagen said. more violent – or more broad- takes a softer approach. Creagen said, in many ways,
Creagen photographed everything “I would say the business is cast.” The Bridgewater Bulletin, a North America is sheltered from
he saw and didn’t try to censor allowed to print more graphic Holland College photography weekly newspaper on the south many gruesome events. While we
the events of the day. photographs.” instructor Alex Murchison said he shore of Nova Scotia, has printed see the photographs, readers can’t
“(A photographer’s) job is not Forget said over the years, vio- doesn’t think the media is printing graphic images under special cir- understand the experience on a
to judge what’s in front of them. lence has become more prominent more violent images. cumstances, said editor Vernon deeper level.
It’s to record,” he said. in the media. “I think we see more because Oickle. His mother lived in Japan dur-
It’s ultimately up to editors to “There’s certainly been desensi- there is more media.” “It has to be pretty amazing for ing the Second World War.
decide what makes it into news- tization with violent images.” With a daily dose of imagery us to run it.” Her experience is much differ-
papers. Whether to print a photo- It has come from television and from television, local newspapers, In 1998, the paper came face to ent than the majority of North
graph can depend on geography its inaccurate portrayal of some the Internet and dozens of import- face with gruesome images fol- Americans, he said.
and the overall nature of the violent events, not the media, he ed publications, there are more lowing the Swiss Air Flight 111 “She’s lived through that kind
paper, he said. said. violent images to see, he said. crash off Peggy’s Cove. The of violence.”
Page 10 HOLLAND COLLEGE JOURNALISM REVIEW Dec. 17, 2007
The man behind the scenes
Show must always go on for 30-year veteran of Compass on CBC TV
By STEPHEN BRUN of sorting digital versions of sto-
ries to make them easier to find
CBC reporter Erin Moore is and access, said TV reporter Ian
struggling through a preview for Petrie.
P.E.I.’s evening news program, “He has this amazing capacity
Compass, in the Charlottetown for innovation, particularly for the
The feed isn’t live though, it’s “I find Brian’s very creative and
being taped to air at noon and 5 innovative when it comes to
p.m. – a lucky thing for Moore, graphics as well. A lot of people
whose choice words after a flub will just slap them down on a
wouldn’t pass most censors. piece of paper, but he’s very
“She’s got the story locked on detailed in what he does.”
her desktop, so I can’t get in to One of the problems with a
edit it,” said Compass director largely computerized newscast is
Brian MacRae, who speaks to the room for human error in the
Moore over a headset from the programming.
control room. “When you have a home com-
“She’s trying to remember to puter, every once in a while you
put a word in that’s not there.” have to hit the power switch. That
Couple that challenge with hav- happens here too,” said MacRae.
ing to say the tongue-twister On Moore’s very first broadcast
“cheap Chinese cold crops” and as a substitute for usual anchor
Moore starts to wonder if she’ll Bruce Rainnie, MacRae and his
ever get the minute-long take fin- crew had what he describes as his
ished by noon. most memorable meltdown in the
“Are you getting worried yet control room.
Brian?” she asks into the camera. A mistake in the programming
“It’s Friday, it’s OK,” said of the show caused the video to
Brian MacRae, director of CBC News: Compass on Prince Edward Island, surveys the array of freeze and the audio to continue
MacRae. “Deep breath and we’ll
go again in 15.” computers and LCD screens he uses to produce the nightly news show. Brun photo playing.
It’s this calm and experience The crew went to commercial,
that makes MacRae such a valu- to digital news pieces the But the training ultimately did- back now. We’re back to an but there were moments of panic
able parts of the team at CBC reporters can edit from their own n’t go very far with MacRae, who hour.” the viewers at home may not have
News: Compass, watched by desks, MacRae’s job as a director preferred to stay behind the In late 2006, CBC decided to realized.
thousands of Islanders every has become easier in some ways scenes. cancel Canada Now and allow the “It blew up spectacularly. We
weeknight. and more difficult in others. In the mid-1990s, he became local news programs to supple- limped through the rest of the
“The whole program rests on “[The technology] hasn’t got the director of the supper-hour ment the second half hour with show,” said MacRae.
his shoulders,” said Moore after simpler either. It’s more compli- news program, but tough times nationally-produced items. “The little mistakes we see here,
finally nailing the promo. cated. What you can do in an edit- and uncertainty were ahead for Switching to the computer arts I don’t know if the viewer would
Ten minutes later, the preview ing suite now compared to 10-20 the network. control room almost five years notice most of them. If you dwell
of the night’s news is broadcast years ago is pretty phenomenal.” In 2000, CBC cut its one-hour ago meant a few less people pro- on the mistake that just happened,
on a four-second delay from A few years after starting with regional news programs in half to ducing the show, but they’re now then you just made another one.”
Toronto, where MacRae was able CBC, MacRae got into full-time create Canada Now, a single free to help gather news, said It would be silly to wish CBC
to send it in the nick of time. camera work after editing tech- cross-country broadcast of nation- MacRae. didn’t have the more advanced
No less than 10 computer niques for Compass changed and al and international news. “It’s probably because of the technology, said Petrie, but the
screens line the desk in the con- jobs were shuffled. Keeping even the half-hour por- technology that we have an hour Charlottetown bureau is fortunate
trol room and several large LCD As the equipment became tion of local news was largely due show now.” to have experienced technicians
screens show different camera lighter, the network decided to to protests and outcry by the pub- The host is now the only person on the job if things go wrong.
angles from the studio and outside train some of its camera personnel lic and CBC employees in the in the studio, surrounded by “With this digital switcher,
the building where Kevin and reporters to become video Maritimes, said MacRae. robotic cameras, while MacRae when things go bad, they go real-
“Boomer” Gallant does his weath- journalists. MacRae was one of “The original plan was to cancel and a few others monitor things ly bad,” he said.
er forecast. the first to take a course that all supper-hour shows. P.E.I. and from the control room. “[Brian’s] riding on the edge of
To the casual observer, though, paired an equal number of jour- Newfoundland in particular put “You have to keep on top of a razor blade to begin with.”
you’d hardly know the deadline to nalists and cameramen and let quite a bit of pressure on, so they [the technology]. You think your The nature of live TV and pro-
relay the preview to Toronto was them go to work. backed off and compromised to a education’s done when you leave ducing the news means being
so tight given the apparent ease “They’d try to train the journal- half hour. That was a hard time.” college, but to keep on top of this busy when people in other jobs
with which MacRae does his job. ists to shoot and the cameramen Many people at CBC either lost stuff you’re always learning.” are starting to think about sitting
Since starting at CBC in 1977 to write,” he said. “It was a very their jobs or decided to retire ear- While the learning is constant, down to dinner, said MacRae.
humbling experience, after shoot- lier than they would have, he MacRae is no slouch when it “The time you have to be the
as a radio technician, MacRae has
ing and working with the journal- said. comes to developing technology most focused and the busiest is
seen a huge change in the tech-
ists, to actually sit down and try “There was a great growth peri- to make the job easier. the last hour of your shift.
nology used to gather and broad-
to do a story. To write a story and od in the early 70s and 80s [at He was the first to come up “There’s no winding down. The
structure a story is very challeng- CBC] and then there was a down- with a system – now used in CBC hour comes and goes no matter
From two-inch videotape, run
ing.” hill slide for a while. It’s coming newsrooms across the country – what you do.”
through two huge VTR machines,
Dec. 17, 2007 HOLLAND COLLEGE JOURNALISM REVIEW Page 11
Irving media empire has its share of critics
By NATHAN ROCHFORD locally, sold locally and most
communities had one.
When Ken Langdon had trouble But over time that changed.
starting his newspaper earlier this He eventually sold his paper to
fal,l it wasn’t because of the usual Irving and retired from the pub-
problems. lishing business.
With roughly 10 years in the Cadogan said like the man
newspaper business experience cooking hamburgers in his back
wasn’t a problem. Neither was yard trying to compete with
getting a bank loan or finding the McDonalds, the newspaper indus-
perfect location. try had met corporatization.
Instead, the problem was the “You lose something in the cor-
competition. Brunswick News, poratization of it,” he said. “They
the Irving-owned media chain, all have a similar mantra - cut
sought an injunction against costs, cuts costs, cut costs.”
Langdon and his paper because of His concern with media concen-
files Langdon had on his comput- tration is not censorship, but with
er from the period when he a newspaper losing its focus, he
worked as the publisher at The said.
Bugle Observer in Woodstock, “There’s always an unspoken
New Brunswick. concern on part of the reporters to
The company said the files be careful not to offend the peo-
would give Langdon an unfair ple they work for,” he said. “No
advantage starting up his newspa- different than any other publisher,
per. except with the Irvings there isn’t
Langdon said he erased the files much else a person can do.”
when he left Brunswick News and He, like Langdon, said the dif-
hadn’t had contact with them ference between New Brunswick
since. and any other media centre in the
The dispute ended up in court country is that Irving owns other
and after weeks of fighting the industries as well.
injunction, Langdon was allowed The result, Langdon said,
to publish the first issue of his became obvious recently when
newspaper The Carleton Free Irving announced it was dividing
Press, the only independent Eng- the empire into different sectors.
lish newspaper in the province. Oil would be controlled sepa-
Now with his newspaper up and Along with oil and forestry, Irving owns the majority of media in New Brunswick, a potent says Ken rately from forestry and the media
running, Langdon considers the Langdon, publisher of the Carleton Free Press. Rochford photo. outlets.
ordeal an example of what can The Halifax Daily News. “I don’t think there’s as much The more voices the better, said The problem was the first place
happen in places where there is “Every paper looks at things investigative journalism in this Paul MacNeill, the publisher of Langdon read the story was The
little to no diversification in the differently.”. province as there should be.” the Eastern Graphic and West Globe and Mail.
media, a problem faced daily by The difference in how the two When a company owns all the Prince Graphic, the two independ- “It’s just a huge important story
communities across Canada. papers ran a story about a man alternative places you could work, ent weekly newspapers on P.E.I. for this province,” he said.
For years, for example, Can- who died after being tasered in you’d be more likely to side with MacNeill said a variety of voic- Langdon said he has barely read
West News owned much of the Halifax was one example. the company, said Senator Sheila es in the media helps communi- any coverage in the New
media in western Canada. At one Johnston said her paper led with Fraser, who initiated an investiga- ties learn and improve, but when Brunswick newspapers.
point the company had the news- the officers at the jail not being tion into Irving’s media monopoly big corporations are involved, “Maybe a couple of columns in
papers it owned take a general told the man was tasered. at roughly the same time Langdon there can be a threat to the news- the Telegraph Journal, but that’s
editorial stance on subjects. The Herald led with the death went to court. paper’s credibility, he said. it.”
sparking protests from some com- and only mentioned the miscom- “That’s only human nature.” “The danger is losing local As well, coverage of Langdon’s
mentators. munication at the jail at the end of The answer to the problem is autonomy, of becoming more of a battle with Brunswick News came
In P.E.I. the two major dailies the story. diversity in voices, which she said profit centre for a corporation into question by media critics in a
are owned by Transcontinental, There isn’t the same level of comes back pretty quickly to than a source of information for a CBC story Oct. 25.
which also owns most of the competition in New Brunswick as diversity in ownership. community.” The critics, including Kim Kier-
papers in Nova Scotia, The Hali- the three major English dailies as “The state has no business in For David Cadogan, former ans, a journalism professor at
fax Herald being an exception. well as 22 other publications the newsroom.” publisher and co-owner of the King’s College in Halifax, said
With a population of 120,000 including community newspapers Which is why Langdon opened Miramichi Leader in New the coverage from New
the city is slightly larger than across the province are owned by his paper. Brunswick, that danger became Brunswick papers was one-sided.
Moncton, New Brunswick, and the Irving-run Brunswick News. “I felt we needed different more prevalent in the last 20 “I think this case, more than any
yet unlike anywhere in New That’s a problem, said Langdon, points of view,” Langdon said. years. other case in the country, illus-
Brunswick the two major daily because Irving also plays a major Attempts to get a response from Cadogan grew up in the news- trates the danger of media con-
newspapers, The Halifax Daily economic role in the province the Irving chain were unsuccess- paper business at a time when centration,” Langdon said.
News and The Herald, are in with interests in oil, forestry and ful. media concentration was more of “In a situation where a company
competition. shipbuilding. Other independent publishers a distant thought than a reality. controls the economy and the
That’s a strange thing for a city “I think there’s a certain amount from the Maritimes agree with the Newspapers were a community media it’s a dangerous, unhealthy
so small, but a good thing, said of self-censorship,” he said. need for diversity. service, owned locally, published situation.”
Beth Johnston, a reporter with
Turning to Facebook
Page 12 HOLLAND COLLEGE JOURNALISM REVIEW Dec. 17, 2007
Reporters find Internet site handy tool in search for sources
BY MARGIE HOLMES the belt.” who’d appreciate you doing that
She has doubts about Face- every day,” he said.
Every day there is a new appli- book’s future in the next few Gooding doesn’t see a problem
cation, photo, or note waiting for years and thinks it could be closed with a reporter using the site, but
you on Facebook - and after a to the journalistic world because he has reservations about them
while it can get repetitive. of issues like the similar page spending time on Facebook when
You know if you really need to Myspace. But there are ways they could be out picking up story
find someone’s phone number, or around everything, she said. ideas.
their plans for the weekend, you “It’s just another tool and there A good news story must always
can easily do it and go on with is always the Internet.” have a human element, he said.
your day. Some people may have thought “It says a lot to sit across from
And young people aren’t the Facebook would be a flash in the someone and witness their body
only ones taking advantage of the pan and once the hype died down language as they talk, or call them
simplicity and usefulness of the Myspace would rule again. and listen to which words they
social networking site on the Chris Gooding, editor of the give emphasis on. You won’t get
Internet. Springhill Parrsboro Record, that using Facebook.”
Reporters and journalists are thought the same thing, but since He doesn’t see Facebook affect-
catching onto the Facebook phe- he joined Facebook a year ago he ing journalism anymore than an
nomenon by joining groups and rarely uses Myspace and can’t address book, it can give you an
scrolling through surnames. remember the last time he updated edge in getting contacts, but it
Nigel Armstrong, a Guardian his account. doesn’t replace
newspaper reporter in Charlotte- He was able to hard work and
town, P.E.I. heard the buzz about find a classmate “You have to be first contact.
Facebook at work, but he wasn’t who served in “Pen and
able to get onto it for a while Afghanistan and careful. Using paper, timeless
was given a and effective
because it was blocked by a fire-
wall. head’s up about a personal regardless of
band through where you are
His reason for wanting it avail-
able in the newsroom was simple. Facebook.
information on in the world
“That’s where people are and
we need to be there too.”
It was helpful
tool for the basics
a person from and what
This past summer, when Gage
Prevost was killed by a train in
of a story, but he
is careful not to
Facebook have with you.”
Calgary, Armstrong wanted to add give the site too
is hitting below involved with
the education of
some perspective to the story
since the 17-year-old had family “While both the belt.” young people, it
connections to P.E.I. Editorial page editor Roseanne MacDonald and reporter Wayne Facebook con- can be hard to
He turned to Facebook to help Thibodeau discuss the day’s paper and work in the Guardian tacts did material- keep up with
him find contacts on the Island. ize into print arti- - reporter Beth Johnston the technology
newsroom. Holmes Photo.
Armstrong joined a group on cles, I was net- Halifax Daily News of today.
Facebook dedicated to the memo- working within Richard Kur-
that still see that type of technolo- boys in Thailand this year, John-
ry of Prevost and began looking my own life expe- ial, dean of arts
gy as a waste of time.” ston joined a Facebook group for
for someone who wanted to add riences to flesh out story ideas.” at UPEI, has a Facebook account
Another downside to Facebook Greenwood, N.S. air cadets,
their voice to his story. A negative side to Facebook is but doesn’t use it often.
is finding ways to squeeze it into where the suspect was once a
He was surprised with one the loss of anonymity, which sur- “The engagement process just
a reporter’s busy day. chaplain, and began sending mes-
response he got. prised and angered Gooding. takes up too much of my time.”
“It kept me focused on the Pre- sages.
“The person wanted me to give “I was infuriated after I realized Facebook could be an advantage
vost story, but I did find I had to “I ended up using most of the
more clarification about who I my personal information became if it allows you faster communica-
constantly justify my time when I quotes for the story from a former
was and what I was looking for, my profile rather than giving me tion to a news story, he said.
was using it,” he said. teacher of his, but the group did
which I found rather odd since I the choice up front to have a “If it can connect you to main
Another reporter who finds help narrow my search.”
was upfront about who I was.” screen name.” players for a news story, then it
Facebook helpful is Beth John- Johnston said reporters must be
Facebook wasn’t helpful with Using Facebook as a way to could be an advantage, like text
ston with the Halifax Daily News. careful when using Facebook as a
that story, but it did give Arm- find story ideas and leads can be messaging.”
She uses it to search for ideas tool for a story. She recently
strong a reality check about tech- compared to going to a coffee Even if he had more time to get
and for people willing to talk. She heard of a CBC reporter who had
nology and youth today. shop and chatting with the locals, re-acquainted with Facebook,
finds the thousands of groups on his account closed by Facebook
“It brought home the fact of the said Gooding. there are some tricky social barri-
Facebook helpful for both. because someone complained
gap between a 45-year-old You could spend the better part ers to manoeuvre, he said.
“It’s like walking into a room when they were approached for an
reporter and Facebook users.” of a day going through profiles “I feel bad if I don’t reply to
full of people,” she said. interview.
Facebook is underused and mis- and threads, like talking to every someone, there are some innuen-
When Christopher Paul Neil, a “You have to be careful. Using
understood at the Guardian, which person in a coffee shop. dos and they might think I don’t
Canadian, was arrested for personal information on a person
isn’t surprising for Armstrong. “You could, but it is highly want to be their friend.”
allegedly sexually abusing young from Facebook is hitting below
“There are definitely newsrooms unlikely you’d find an editor
Dec. 17, 2007 HOLLAND COLLEGE JOURNALISM REVIEW Page 13
By LINDSAY CARROLL have been put in that kind of situ-
Bruce Shapiro was lying in a There are more than two dozen
hospital bed waking up from sur- schools in the U.S that have
gery for a stab wound that could incorporated instruction on deal-
have killed him when the phone ing with victims into their ethics
rang. It was a reporter. He started or foreign reporting classes, said
asking Shapiro questions. Shapiro.
Still groggy from the morphine, At the University of Washing-
Shapiro was in no mood to talk. ton, it's covered in News Ethics,
"Go **** yourself," Shapiro which is the way it should be,
struggle to cope
said to him. said Shapiro.
A few days later he got a call Most journalists will have to
from another reporter. It was a report on rape or murder at some
local guy who inquired about his point, so it shouldn’t be taught in
family, was respectful, and asked a separate class, he said.
Shapiro's permission to tell his "I don't want it to be thought of
side of the story, putting him at as a separate field of journalism."
ease. different, and how journalists can ism Forum on Violence & Trau- said Kays. The closest thing Carleton Uni-
"He gave me some choices, " he be affected by reporting on trau- ma, allied with the Dart Centre. "You know you've got to get out versity’s journalism program i
said during an interview. matic events, said Shapiro. They are hoping to attract inter- of there and get your tape back." Ottawa offers is a day-and-a-half
Shapiro, a reporter and profes- It's not uncommon for journal- ested people with a new website But she still recalls the faces of lecture covering issues in report-
sor of investigative journalism at ists to suffer from post traumatic created in October, and they are the victims of war. ing on war, said Chris Waddell,
Yale, covered crime for years. stress disorder hosting a two-day conference "What struck me most, and still associate director of journalism.
He was at a coffee shop in New (PTSD) which can cause called Journalism In A Violent does, is their lack of outrage." "These issues should come up in
Haven, Connecticut with some depression, anxiety and substance World on Feb. 9-10 at the Uni- Kays refused to attack victims the regular courses you have to
colleagues in 1994 when a man abuse, said Shapiro. versity of Western Ontario. with TV cameras asking, "How do.”
stabbed him and six others. He suffered from the disorder It will feature journalists telling do you feel," because she consid- Only about a quarter of the jour-
After he became a victim, he after he was stabbed. their own stories, and academics ers asking that stupid and insensi- nalism undergraduate students
realized there was a need for "I couldn't concentrate. I'd get to reporting on research. tive. will go on to work in the field, so
reporters to become more sensi- the end of a story and forgot what Lonsdale is still haunted today " I think that just turns people an entire course on dealing with
tive to victims, he said. had happened at the beginning." by a traumatic event that hap- against journalists." trauma isn't necessary, said Wad-
"We don't want to hurt the peo- Most journalists think they are pened many years ago. He Instead, she approached them as dell.
ple we're reporting on." weak if they are affected, said thought he had forgotten about it, a person, not just a subject. He said many reporters will not
Reporters can lose sight of the Shapiro. but recently it has resurfaced. "You still get your answers, but be faced with daily traumatic
human element in reporting, said Cliff Lonsdale agrees. When Lonsdale was in the Mid- in a different way, without being a events.
Shapiro. He’s a professor of television dle East, his car was stopped and vulture." Shapiro disagrees. Just because
"Sometimes when people write broadcasting at of the University a child soldier held a gun to his When she began journalism in you’re not covering war does not
stories of trials or wars, they see of Western Ontario. head. the late 1960s, it was a male dom- mean you won’t be in traumatic
the people affected by it primarily Reporters are often told to 'suck "You could see the gleam in his inated environment with a differ- situations.. He briefs his inves-
as sources of quotes or colour." it up' and are afraid to admit when eyes, saying 'I wonder what ent mentality. tigative journalism class on the
This isn't a new issue, but it's they can't because it will be seen would happen if I shot him.’” "I came out of the rough and impact of trauma on victims and
only now becoming more preva- as a sign of weakness, he said. His heart raced, while he tumble school, all of that has reporters.
lent because of recent world Lonsdale had 40 years of jour- remained completely still. A near- changed now." "You're not in the frontlines of
events, said Shapiro. nalism experience as a former by man grabbed the child, and the Society has changed since then war, you are on the front lines of
"We are learning how to report CBC-TV news executive and car continued on, but the memory too, she said. people suffering."
on mass death and terrorism on a print reporter. still affects Lonsdale. "We're living in a much more Ross Howard teaches ethics at
scale never known before with "News happens in a hurry. Although he never talked to a violent world in every possible Langara University in British
wars and terrorism increasing You're thrown out the door and counselor, he laughed and said way, school shootings may have Columbia. Like Carleton, there is
around the world." there could be body parts in the maybe he should have. Although happened, but they were never as no course on victims or personal
Shapiro is the executive director road." he is on his second marriage, and common back then." stress, but Howard said it would
for the Dart Centre for Journalism Journalists have a high rate of has left a drinking problem Although she never had training be a good idea.
and Trauma in Seattle. substance abuse because they deal behind him, he said he's one of in how to deal with victims, she "We've been aware of a need for
It's an international resource with job stress by drinking too the lucky ones. said it would have been an excel- sensitivity training for a while."
with offices in London and Aus- much, said Lonsdale. Doreen Kays was as a TV for- lent idea. If journalism was a four-year
tralasia designed to help journal- He has had to help 'dry-out' eign correspondent since the Lonsdale agrees. course, instead of two years, that
ists with victims and personal many friends, as well as himself 1960s. She retired last summer to At 19, he was reporting for a kind of course would be more
trauma. when he realized he had a drink- Charlottetown. British newspaper when he was likely to exist, he said.
The Internet site has tips on ing problem 16 years ago. It was the people affected by he told to go to the house of a Shapiro said Canada is not that
how to talk to victims, case stud- Police get special counseling, war that got to her, she said dur- young woman who had died in a far behind the U.S.
ies and personal accounts of trau- however, journalists are expected ing an interview. car crash to get a photo of her. "The Dart Centre was only
ma. to deal with it on their own, When Saddam Hussein invaded Her mother answered the door established in 1999, we're still
Shapiro said he feels more which doesn't make sense, he Kuwait, hundreds of thousands of with a smile. babies here too."
empathy for people after being a said. people became refugees. His heart sank. Many Canadians helped create
victim. "We are all human beings and "That was the saddest thing to "Please earth, open up and swal- the centre, however, these things
"I think I'm much more patient, we shouldn't be letting ourselves see. The facilities were no more low me, she doesn't know," he can take time, he said.
I've been trying for the last suffer in silence." than tents. I was in tears then." thought to himself. "It always takes a while to trick-
decade to have a more victim- There is no Canadian resource She pulled herself together He said her daughter was dead, le down,” he said.
centered approach." for journalists like the Dart cen- because she had a job to do. adding he hoped it was a mistake. Lonsdale said the new resource
The aim of the Dart Centre is to tre, so Lonsdale and his wife, If you're the kind of person that She collapsed in a heap. He had is just what Canada needs.
educate journalists on victim Jane Hawkes, decided to create is too affected by your emotions, no idea what to do. "We're ripe to do this. It's an
responses, which can be wildly one called The Canadian Journal- you shouldn't be in the business, Today he knows he should not idea whose time has come."
Page 14 HOLLAND COLLEGE JOURALISM REVIEW Dec. 17, 2007
Power of Internet raises power of opinion
By MATTHEW DAYE likely to send him encouraging ister Steven] Harper should pay
e-mails, but not post in the more attention to General [Rick]
The rise of the Internet has forum attached to each blog, Hillier,” McRobb said.
created new avenues for jour- while his attackers seem to react Despite the fun and interac-
nalists and average citizens to entirely in open forum. tion the blog gets, O’Dwyer
be heard and to interact with “I think a big part of the said he’s still not sure how it fits
their readers. type of responses I get is in with other media. “I’m not so
Michael O’Dwyer was a because of the relative anonymi- sure that it provides a service,
journalist for 20 years, practis- ty the Internet gives them.” but I think it does.”
ing the trade in Victoria, B.C. His years as a journalist The service is to instill ideas
and New Zealand. Now he runs have allowed him to shrug off and personal debate in his read-
an import business in Sydney, most of the attackers. “I have a ers, to raise interesting ideas.
Nova Scotia, but there he con- thick skin and I don’t take it “Quietly, in the dead of
tinues to write through blogs for personally, to me it’s transpar- night, they’ll be thinking of
the Cape Breton Post, the local ent. Calling me names doesn’t these issues.”
newspaper. tell me or anyone else why they He writes the blog, but it
O’Dwyer uses the freedom feel strongly about the subject,” doesn’t mean it is about him, he
both the web and the loose for- O’Dwyer said. said. “I’m very interested in
mat of blogs - a kind of Despite the control he has knowing what other people have
diary/website on the Internet - over the system, he has only to say. I am looking for dialogue
to do a general interest blog for ever deleted one entry. It was an for me and other people.”
the paper. “There’s news writ- attacker going after a supporter. So is Elke Semerad. The
ing, which is factual and unbi- “Abuse me all you want, but associate producer and techni-
ased, then there are editorials, don’t abuse other people.” cian at CBC in Halifax is also
which are opinion based, “ said He continues to blog for the looking for dialogue over the
O’Dwyer. “I approach blogs the enjoyment of it. “I like blogging podcast. “There were no num-
same way I do for editorials.” because it’s fun. It’s a lot looser bers on what people wanted to
Despite using the editorial than a carefully researched news listen to, so we’ve been flying
method for writing his blogs, piece.” blind,” Semerad said of the pro-
they don’t read like most edito- Michael O’Dwyer writes a controversal blog for the Cape Part of the fun is coming up gram start-up three years ago.
rials. “The difference between a Breton Post news paper. Steve Wadden Photo. with new things to post with. “I CBC wanted to stay ahead
blog and an editorial is that post things that I think are wor- of the technology curve and
blogs can provocative. I’m not thy of discussion and are wanted Semerad involved.“I
shy about being provocative.” COMMENTS SENT TO MICHAEL O’DWYER provocative. I talk about things was charged initially with start-
Provocative seems to work The Good that I want to talk about.” ing the program, but I got to
for him. He seems to draw the • “I always like to read the comments on news stories,but He has gone weeks when he involved in it and had to step
most comments of all the blogs yours is the first one I've replied to. Some of the comments I can’t think of anything impor- back.”
hosted on the site. “I have a pas- agree with,and some I don't. It seems some of the people com- tant to say. “I choose things that The science show Quirks
sion for addressing meaningful menting have a grudge against the world and they're just vent- are specifically provocative, and Quarks was the first podcast
issues and encouraging readers ing off.” otherwise why do it.” CBC produced. She was respon-
to respond to them.” • “Mr.O'Dwyer,.. the fish seem to be in a frenzy, and it looks Robby McRobb, a retired sible for the podcast Maritimes
But some of the comments like you're lunch. For all it's worth, I do stand on your side.” sergeant in the Canadian Armed This Week. “My job was to
he receives are not always posi- Forces, writes a military-based make an interesting half hour
tive or constructive. “I found The Bad blog for The Guardian in Char- radio for the Internet.”
that some people use the blogs • “Michael O'Dwyer your intellect is that of a 5th grader. It lottetown, P.E.I. He does it for What people get is a show
to vent. I just wish more people amazes me how you can keep a job when you put those the troops. “I do it unpaid made up of the best or popular
were able to respond more thoughts to paper!” because I feel it’s good for the show segments through out the
rationally or lucidly.” • “Michael you're just another IDIOT with a blog. Thankfully troops and good for the people week, with the show updating
One person, who replied to you're stuck in one small corner of the universe out of harms to voice their opinion. I’m sur- once a week. “The production
O’Dwyer’s most recent entry, way and out of the mainstream.” prised at the hits and comments [of the Maritimes This Week]
seemed to have a personal I get. Some good, some not so was actually passed around,
grudge. “Michael you’re just The Ugly good.” from Halifax, to Fredericton, to
another IDIOT with a blog. • “You sir exhibit the brains of horse. What garbage, you could He called the newspaper a Saint John. So there was always
Thankfully you’re stuck in one however be writing for the N.Y. Times as truth and honestly in year ago asking if it would like a fresh delivery and fresh mate-
small corner of the universe out reporting are not required for employment. Is it possible that someone to write a military col- rial.”
of harm’s way and out of the the filth spewing from those twin towers at Lingan have affected umn. In January, they said they But as with all new technol-
mainstream,” the writer said. the little brains you appear to use, make an appointment with a loved the idea, but they were ogy, there was a problem.
These kinds of messages Specialist, ooops forgot, in Canada that might take a year or going to do it digitally. McRobb “It’s a funny thing, because
seem to continually pop up more, by then the last remaining brain cell would have ceased submits his blogs through the it’s a technology that’s supposed
whenever he posts a new blog, to exist for you.” paper. “I didn’t get into blog- to let anyone produce their own
no matter the topic. “They’re all ging as blogging.” show, but with the CBC it is all
pretty much the same. You can to his blogs. The attackers seem Another pattern he has Despite the unusual start to uniform. It had to be.”
feel the spittle as you read to react quickest, but supporters noticed is how the attackers and his blogging, which he does The show started out well,
them,” O’Dwyer said. “I think eventually jump in and then it supporters interact with when he’s not working four oth- quickly rising above the viewer-
the ‘You have the brain of a tends to become more civil. “I him.“You don’t see the e-mails I er jobs, he has managed to eke ship of CBC’s regular radio
fifth grader’ is the best one.” get as much from the dynamics get personally. It’s like there are out some success. shows, before falling to a lower
He has already noticed a as much as the content of the two camps.” “The one I got the most hits rate than other shows. Its view-
pattern in how people respond responses.” His supporters are more for was about how [Prime Min- ership is now stable.
Dec. 17, 2007 HOLLAND COLLEGE JOURNALISM REVIEW Page 15
Page 16 HOLLAND COLLEGE JOURNALISM REVIEW Dec. 17, 2007
News must evolve to attract a new generation
By CHRISTY MARSTERS It’s possible the industry won’t one else, have a role to play.”
even survive should hiring Young reporters who join the
An elderly lady once stopped freezes, old ideas and youth intol- publications bring new ideas and
her vehicle in the middle of the erance within the business contin- gain experience from veteran
street, recognized Chris LeBlanc, ue because it’s youth who can journalists whose credentials are
and called him over to her car offer the only real glimpse into extensive, said Sgambati.
window as traffic backed up this new marketplace, Thornton “There’s a meeting of the minds
behind her. said. in every instance, a sharing of old
“I had to tell you I just love “But what do people honestly and new making the total experi-
your columns,” she said before expect when all the decisions in ence come alive. It’s pretty excit-
driving away. the news industry are made by ing for me as an editor.”
People are frequently compli- old, white males? It’s news that It’s sometimes tough for media
menting him, says editor Scott appeals to old, white males.” to appreciate a changing genera-
Doherty of the Sackville Tribune The younger generations want tion, but there’s no doubt young
Post in New Brunswick. The more modern ways of consuming people are eager to learn what’s
community can’t get enough. news because most of them seek happening in the world around
The students he hired for his news online and many newspa- them, he said.
paper usually come from Holland pers are not really prepared to “It’s important to listen to what
College, Doherty said. deliver, he said. they say. Once you know what
LeBlanc was an exception. “I don’t know any people my they want, the challenge is to go
He started writing columns as a age that subscribe to print publi- out and get it. Then deliver it in a
co-op student in high school, but cations. If you don’t have a strong package appealing to their sensi-
because of his unique writing online or mobile product, you bility.”
style he was hired as a regular aren’t attracting the younger peo- Technology has allowed young
columnist after completing the ple.” people to get news and informa-
work placement. It’s even worse when newspa- tion in a much more immediate
Today, LeBlanc attends St. pers put out alternative publica- manner than ever before as instant
Francis Xavier University, but he tions meant to attract an edgier messaging, social networks and
continues writing first-hand opin- and more youthful crowd because online video archives have broad-
ion pieces from the perspective of young people want real news, not ened the playing field, Sgambati
a student. Mateo Cheverie looks through an issue of the Holland College fluff, he said. said.
Everyone, no matter the age, Surveyor Nov. 30. Newspapers face an unclear transition as they “It’s not people’s fault if your “It is incumbent traditional
likes his writing because it comes try to keep a new generation reading the news. Marsters photo product isn’t popular – it’s your media understands the sense of
across as very tongue-in-cheek in own. If you build a product that is immediacy and responds to it.”
a good way, allowing the paper to to what they want and change Stars and Stripes in Washington, attractive to people, they will con- Transcontinental’s Nova Scotia
show a less solemn side, Doherty with the times.” D.C. The daily paper is distrib- sume it. It’s that simple.” weeklies have reacted by creating
said. Aside from hiring LeBlanc, the uted throughout the American Managing editor Fred Sgambati, a daily news website called
“He’s just hilarious. However, paper has shortened articles, military. working with the Transcontinental NovaNewsNow.com to provide
for such a young person, he does added more visuals and worked Younger generations care about Media chain of community news- the same information from a
take his job seriously.” with the newspaper on-line to the world around them. And the papers in Kentville, Nova Scotia, weekly print product though a
And it’s important for papers to reach out to the younger audi- issues many papers face when try- agrees the onus is on newspapers daily web product.
find different ways of getting ence, Doherty said. ing to attract youth have little to to find a way to communicate to Reporters working at weekly
more youth involved as it “It’s important because they’re do with them not liking news and youth in a meaningful and rele- papers across the provinces have
becomes an increasing challenge going to be the future of the more to do with the news itself, vant way. bought into the concept and are
to keep young people, influenced paper.” Thornton said in an online inter- Newspapers are a vital meeting posting to the site faithfully,
by the Internet, interested and Patrick Thornton agrees. The view. place to connect the community, Sgambati said.
attracted to the news, Doherty said. 23-year-old works as a web con- “Most mainstream media is Sgambati said. “It has proven to be extremely
“We have to start listening more tent editor for a newspaper called geared towards older generations.” “Young people, as much as any- successful.”
Christy Marsters asks: How do you get the news?
Hessel Altenburg – 19 Zoë Novaczek – 21 Brenton Ives – 18 Heather Wotton – 19 Nicky Wichers – 21
“I get news from the Internet or “I’ll often turn on the radio when “I get news from just the Internet. “I get it from TV and I listen to “I get news from the radio and I
cause I can get it whenever I want I’m driving around, but I also I don’t watch TV and I don’t lis- the radio in the morning before I read the newspaper. The radio I
and the TV because I see it when pick it up from various other ten to the radio, but I’m on the go to school.” can listen to while I’m doing oth-
I flip through channels.” things like the Internet and Internet a lot.” er things and the newspaper I’ll
through talking to friends.” read when I’m at work.”