2nd Annual Report by wulinqing

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									                       2nd Annual Report




                            Eu-ARTECH

Access, Research and Technology for the conservation
         of the European Cultural Heritage




                          Integrating Activity
                              implemented as


                Integrated Infrastructure Initiative


                Contract number: RII3-CT-2004-506171
              Project Co-ordinator: Prof. Brunetto Giovanni Brunetti
              Reporting period: from June 1st 2005 to May 31st 2006




                   Project funded by the European Community
     under the “Structuring the European Research Area” Specific Programme
                         Research Infrastructures Action
Eu-ARTECH Project Office
Centre of Excellence SMAArt University of Perugia
Department of Chemistry
Via Elce di Sotto 8
06123 Perugia - Italy

Tel. +39.075.585 5509
Fax. +39.075.585 5606
http://www.eu-artech.org

Eu-ARTECH Annual Report designed and edited by B.G.Brunetti
Contributions from EU-ARTECH Scientists and Technicians

Eu-ARTECH Steering Committee:
B.G. Brunetti (Chairman) (UNI-PG), M.Menu (CNRS-C2RMF), M.Matteini (CNR-ICVBC), L. Pezzati (CNR-INOA), A.
Roy (NGL), D. Pinna (OPD), M. Mach (BLFD), S. Sotiropoulou (OADC), A. Tagle (ICN), J. Delgado (LNEC), J. Wouters
(KIK-IRPA), B. Bluemich (RWTH), R. Mazzeo (UNI-BO).

Eu-ARTECH Contractors:
UNI-PG University of Perugia, Centre of Excellence SMAArt, Perugia, Italy
CNRS-C2RMF Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UMR171 (Flore Pavilion, Palais du Louvre), Paris, France
CNR-ICVBC-INOA Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (Istituto per la conservazione e valorizzazione dei beni culturali,
Firenze, Italy and Istituto Nazionale di Ottica Applicata, Firenze, Italy)
NGL National Gallery of London, Scientific Department, London, United Kingdom
OPD Opificio delle Pietre Dure, Firenze, Italy
BLFD Bayerische Landesamt für Denkmalpflege, Munchen, Germany
OADC Ormylia Art Diagnosis Centre, Ormylia, Greece
ICN Instituut Collectie Nederland, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
LNEC Laboratorio Nacional de Engenharia Civil, Lisbon, Portugal
KIK-IRPA Institut Royal du Patrimoine Artistique, Bruxelles, Belgium
RWTH University of Aachen, Aachen, Germany
UNI-BO University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy




Eu-ARTECH participants
at the meeting for planning the Second Year
in Ormylia, GR (2005)




Eu-ARTECH Coordinator: B.G. Brunetti (UNI-PG)
bruno@dyn.unipg.it

EC Scientific Officer:
M. Douka, DG Research, European Commission
Contents



                       A. Activity Report
                                   Annexes
                       B. Management Report (financial information)
                       C. Report on the distribution of the Community financial contribution
                       Detailed Implementation Plan for the next 18 months




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Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                      2nd Annual Report
                                                                          A. ACTIVITY REPORT




                                              A. ACTIVITY REPORT
Contents
STATUS & OUTLOOK ......................................................................................... 6
1. PROGRESS REPORT ..................................................................................... 6
1.1.          Summary of the activities and major achievements ............................ 6
   1.1.1          Narrative by activities: status and forecasts .................................................................................................. 7
   1.1.2          Verbal or Written Presentations .................................................................................................................... 9

1.2.          Management Activity ........................................................................ 10
   1.2.1 Description of the Management Activity ............................................................................................................ 10
      1.2.1-1 Management Tasks ...................................................................................................................................... 10
      1.2.1-2 General meetings ......................................................................................................................................... 12

1.3.          Networking Activities (other than Management) ................................ 14
   1.3.1 N1 - Sharing knowledge and resources ........................................................................................................... 14
      1.3.1-1 Activity Progress ......................................................................................................................................... 15
      1.3.1-2 Meetings and Workshops held during the reporting period ......................................................................... 23
      1.3.1-3 Significant achievements during the reporting period and their impact ...................................................... 26
   1.3.2 N2 - Methods and materials in conservation ................................................................................................... 27
      1.3.2-1 Activity Progress ......................................................................................................................................... 27
      1.3.2-3 Significant achievements during the reporting period and their impact ...................................................... 33

1.4.          Transnational Access Activities ........................................................ 34
   1.4.1 A1 - AGLAE Accélérateur Grand Louvre d'Analyse Élémentaire ................................................................ 34
      1.4.1-1 Publicity concerning the opportunities for access to A1 .............................................................................. 34
      1.4.1-2 Selection Procedure ..................................................................................................................................... 34
      1.4.1-3 Access activity during the reporting period ................................................................................................. 35
      1.4.4-4 Scientific output and research results obtained by the user-projects............................................................ 37
      1.4.1-5 User meetings ............................................................................................................................................. 39
   1.4.2 A2 - MOLAB Mobile Laboratory .................................................................................................................. 39
      1.4.2-1 Publicity concerning the opportunities for access to A2 .............................................................................. 40
      1.4.2-2 Selection Procedure ..................................................................................................................................... 41
      1.4.2-3 Access activity during the reporting period ................................................................................................. 42
      1.4.2- 4 Scientific output and research results obtained by the user-projects........................................................... 47
      1.4.2-5 User meetings ............................................................................................................................................. 48

1.5.          Joint Research Activities ................................................................... 49
   1.5.1 JRA1 - Development and evaluation of new treatments for the conservation-restoration of outdoor stone and
   bronze monuments ....................................................................................................................................................... 49
      1.5.1-1 Activity Progress ......................................................................................................................................... 50
      1.5.1-2 Meetings and Workshops held during the reporting period ......................................................................... 55
      1.5.1-3 Significant achievements during the reporting period and their impact ...................................................... 56
   1.5.2 JRA2 - New methods in diagnostics: Imaging and spectroscopy.................................................................... 56
      1.5.2-1 Activity Progress ......................................................................................................................................... 57
      1.5.2-2 Meetings and Workshops held during the reporting period ......................................................................... 64
      1.5.2-3 Significant achievements during the reporting period and their impact ...................................................... 66

1.6.          Update of the non-confidential Project information ........................... 67
   1.6.1       Project objectives and summary ................................................................................................................. 67
      1.6.1-1 Networking Activities .................................................................................................................................. 68
      1.6.1-2 Transnational Access ................................................................................................................................... 68
      1.6.1-3 Joint Research Activities ............................................................................................................................. 69


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2. LIST OF DELIVERABLES ............................................................................... 70
3. USE AND DISSEMINATION OF KNOWLEDGE ..................................................... 73
              A2          Summaries and main conclusions of the General Meetings ............................................................... 76
              A2          Users Selection Panel ......................................................................................................................... 87
              A3          List of User- Projects ......................................................................................................................... 88
              A5          List of Publications ............................................................................................................................ 97
              A6          Database Report ............................................................................................................................... 100
              A7          CD-ROM with the deliverables produced during the reporting period ............................................ 102


Tables

           Table 1: Eu-ARTECH Second Year General Meetings ..................................................................................... 13
           Table 2: N1 - Specific objectives and progress made during the reporting period (T 1a - T1b) ....................... 20
           Table 3: N1 – T1 & T2 Outline implementation plan (milestones/ deliverables planned/achieved during the
           reporting period) ................................................................................................................................................. 22
           Table 4: N1 Meetings and Workshops during the reporting period ................................................................... 26
           Table 5: DB “Reference Persons” for the different EUArtech Partner‟s countries ............................................ 29
           Table 6: Restorers and conservators contacts inserted in the database .............................................................. 29
           Table 7: Contacts N2 - Specific objectives and progress made during the reporting period ............................. 31
           Table 8: N2 - Outline implementation plan containing tasks, milestones and deliverables achieved during the
           reporting period .................................................................................................................................................. 32
           Table 9: N2 - Meetings and Workshops during the reporting period ................................................................. 33
           Table 10: A1 –Summary selection Panel activities during the reporting period (AGLAE PRC) ...................... 35
           Table 11: A1 – Project achievements ................................................................................................................ 36
           Table 12: A2 - Summary selection Panel activities during the reporting period (MOLAB PRC) ..................... 41
           Table 13: A2 – MOLAB PRC Selected projects during the reporting period .................................................... 42
           Table 14: A2 – Project achievements ................................................................................................................. 45
           Table 15: JRA1 Participating Contractors ......................................................................................................... 49
           Table 16: JRA1 - Outline implementation plan toward the objectives containing tasks, milestones and
           deliverables defined in the contract that have been achieved during the reporting period ................................. 55
           Table 17: JRA1 - Meetings and Workshops during the reporting period .......................................................... 56
           Table 18: JRA2 Participating Contractors ......................................................................................................... 57
           Table 19: JRA2 - Outline implementation plan toward the objectives containing tasks, milestones and
           deliverables defined in the contract that have been achieved during the reporting period ................................. 63
           Table 20: JRA2 - Meetings and Workshops during the reporting period organised by ..................................... 65
           Table 21: Deliverables planned and/or achieved during the reporting period [sorted by "Activities"] ............ 70
           Table 22: 2nd Year Eu-ARTECH Interim Meeting – Paris, November 21st-22nd 2005 ................................... 76
           Table 23: 2nd Year Eu-ARTECH Annual Meeting – Lisbon, May 2nd -3rd 2006 .............................................. 81
           Table 24: Peer Review Committees (during the AR2 reporting period) ............................................................ 87
           Table 25: AGLAE User-Projects (during the AR2 reporting period) ................................................................ 88
           Table 26: MOLAB User-Projects (during the AR2 reporting period) ............................................................... 90
           Table 27: AGLAE Users (during the AR2 reporting period) ............................................................................. 92
           Table 28: MOLAB Users (during the AR2 reporting period) ............................................................................ 94




FP6 Research Infrastructures                                                          5                                                  Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                                                                                  2nd Annual Report
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STATUS & OUTLOOK
The work of the second year of Eu-ARTECH has been intense, focused, and continuous.
According to project-program, substantial progress was made and, as the report shows, significant effort was
put into different actions and task and the planned activities and completed deliverables. As result, Eu-
ARTECH grew in capability in terms of infrastructure, expertise and reputation towards a European vision of
thriving cultural heritage sustainability conservation economy.
The project was implemented in June 2004. Stating the design of useful artwork and conservation research,
Eu-ARTECH strategy confirms its aims at bringing the participating infrastructures, closer to scientist, users
and stakeholders, to propose a permanent European interoperability, making it more readily applicable.
In the last years, new ground was broken in this area. A cooperative effort in Networking has significantly
rewarded knowledge exchange and extra diffusion events connected with the development of the outreach
activities, creating a common scenario to the preservation techniques, to the origin and mechanism of
material decay, to the development and testing of new conservation treatments, the deployment of new
analytical methodologies, and design and testing of analytical and monitoring equipment.
Transnational Access activities have entered a second phase and led to gear with better selectivity: the
opportunity to carry advanced studies was offered to young and senior scholars to develop high-level
research in cooperation with many expert European teams. Research‟ development has proven the potential
of several experiments and a new technology „model-type‟ for historical heritage conservation. The
accessible facilities using innovative technologies promise important outcome advancement, and Eu-
ARTECH plays a good part in this process. The cooperation with the historical heritage scientists and
innovation technology researchers has been and will remain crucial.
The initial results of Joint Research Activities are proving productive. The two innovative projects has been
sustained in the second year on all JRA1/JRA2 nodes contributing to substantially advances in the
knowledge on artwork materials and in the practices devoted to prevent or reduce alterations and damages to
cultural properties in each country. The assembling and experimenting of new techniques for analysis and
monitoring of material alterations led to satisfactory advances for pilot non-invasive investigations on
composition and structure of artefacts.
It should be underlined, though, that Eu-ARTECH second year life was characterized by a significant
increase in management work, prompted by a delay in the signature of one audit certificate, as well by the
merging of one partner institution of the Consortium into another, by the model cost changes‟ of two
participant, and by the critical status of the of amendment procedure and the consequent missing payment of
the new pre-financing.
Only the strong commitment of Participant‟ Organisations and the strengthened interest for project‟ activities
and goals by all researchers and technicians, as well as the implementation of management measures and
their effectiveness and acceptance by the consortium and the Commission, have preserved the satisfactory
levels of the quality of project‟ work, and Eu-ARTECH may look back on many successful results also from
its second year.


1. PROGRESS REPORT

     1.1.              Summary of the activities and major achievements
The activities of the second year started on June 1st 2005. All the different tasks of the networking, access
and joint research activities had their designed development, according to the implementation plan of the
second period. After 24 months from the start-up of the project, significant progresses have been done and all
the planned milestones have been achieved.



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The present Second Annual Report synthetically describes these progresses, underlining the convergence
between planned and achieved milestones. Positive results were obtained in spite of the administrative
difficulties, primarily the delay in the delivery of the second year budget, not yet available to the
Consortium.

1.1.1 Narrative by activities: status and forecasts
Eu-ARTECH networking actions, including foresight studies, dissemination seminars and training, obtained
significant success in encouraging cooperation not only among Consortium infrastructures, but also with
those “external” to it and with other organisations in the field, enhancing positive interdisciplinary dialogues
among conservators, archaeologists and art-historians.
In particular, the second year activity was closed by an important event, held in Lisbon at LNEC, where
some foresight studies, entitled to “Cesare Brandi”, have been presented. The large interest demonstrates
how productive can be encounters of different professional figures in the field of conservation such as art-
historians, architects, conservators, restorers, and scientists. The event was the seminar “Theory and Practice
in Conservation: a tribute to Cesare Brandi” Lisbon (P), may 4-5 2006 (http://eu-artech.lnec.pt/) having
about 200 participants from public and private institutions of 18 different countries.
A major dissemination activity has been the upholding and maintenance of the Eu-ARTECH Portal web site.
The portal is a significant undertaking aimed at providing a shop corner for information regarding the
project, its activities and services.
Behind the above-mentioned seminars‟ activity, Eu-ARTECH directly organised or co-planned successful
European meetings or atelier, devoted to the dissemination of the most advanced investigation techniques.
Notable cases were:
- the Workshop on Non-invasive NMR and Cultural Heritage, 19th - 29th September 2005 – Perugia,
(http://www.nmr-mouse.de/5mnmr/) comprising educational lectures and practical training exercises with
new mobile NMR equipment (RWTH, UNI-PG);
- the Training Course for PIXE Users on GUPIX Data Processing Software [with the co-operation of the
University of Guelph of Canada - Paris, 5-7 October 2005], including applications in the AGLAE-PIXE
laboratory (C2RMF) (http://www.c2rmf.fr/homes/home_id21956_u1l2.htm);
- the Workshop on Seventeenth Century Northern European Paintings, at the National Gallery London – 12
December 2005, where a foresight analysis dedicated to the applications of the most advanced techniques
and studies of painting materials was carried out (NGL);
-the International Conference on the Painting Technique of Matthias Grünewald and his Contemporaries,
[with the co-operation of the Musée d‟Unterlinden], held in Colmar, January 24-26 2006
(http://www.museeunterlinden.com/francais/actualite/public_html/francais/actualite/p_actu_colloque.html),
where the opportunity to discuss together the more recent data on scientific examination of paintings has
proved particularly valuable (C2RMF);
- the RICH (Research Infrastructures for Cultural Heritage) workshop, promoted by NMI3, Trieste,
December 12-13, 2005 (http://neutron.neutron-eu.net/n_nmi3/n_networking_activities/rich) where the
possible “transversal” interactions between different I3 with interests in cultural heritage (Eu-ARTECH,
LASERLAB, NMI3, and IA-SFS) were discussed.
To address the challenge of the access of European conservation scientists or conservators to new methods in
diagnostics by innovative and multi-technique measurements, Eu-ARTECH Transnational Access (TA)
programme focused its criteria on experiments relating to the two open Consortium facilities offering a
reference high-level framework and seeking European added value.
In AGLAE (Accelerateur Grand Louvre d‟Analyse Elementaire), non-destructive elemental composition
studies (such as those dedicated to degradation of glasses, composition of pottery and archaeological metals)
were carried out in the unique environment of the laboratories close to the Louvre Museum (F); in MOLAB
(Mobile Laboratory), access was offered to an exclusive collection of portable instrumentations, that allowed
users to carry out in-situ non-destructive measurements directly on the scaffolds of restoration workshops of
immovable artworks (as in the case of the Huesca Cathedral in Spain) or in museum rooms (such as in the
Courtauld Art Institute Gallery of London – UK or the Putna Monastery Museum – Romania) permitting

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non-invasive studies otherwise impossible to be carried out, avoiding risks connected with the transportation
of the artworks into a laboratory.
In the second year of the project, Eu-ARTECH has delivered 111 days of Access to the participating
facilities (compared to 91 planned), supporting 24 projects involving 61 users (43 planned) from 9 different
countries (UK, ES, GR, IT, NW, DE, AT, CZ, RO). As for the first year, the calls had a six-month cadence.
At each deadline, satisfactory numbers of proposals of high scientific level were presented, always involving
studies and research on objects of great interest.
Experiments completed through the Access programme are from different fields such as art-history,
archaeology, physics, chemistry, or material science.
The total number of users that had access to both AGLAE and MOLAB, during the second year, was beyond
the contracted level. The programme had a good impact on training in the use of advanced cultural heritage
facilities, with many users being at a variety of stages of their career. They include experimentalists,
scholars, post-doctoral researchers, postgraduates and technical researchers. Four user-group leaders were
women.
Information and results of the TA programmes have been published in the Eu-ARTECH website, where User
Reports are available. TA also had an impact on scientific mobility (in terms of “users” for AGLAE and of
“facilities” for MOLAB), with most scientists being new users (77%).
The relevant results obtained through AGLAE and MOLAB have been presented at the First AGLAE and
MOLAB Users‟ Meeting, held in Paris, Palais du Louvre, C2RMF, November 23 rd, 2005. The meeting was
open to the public having in total 74 participants from 12 European countries (France 37, Italy 14, United
Kingdom 4, Germany 4, The Netherlands 3, Portugal 4, Spain 1, Czech Republic 2, Belgium 1, Greece 1,
Poland 2, Malta 1).
The measures and the adaptations of the work programmes to implement the two Eu-ARTECH Joint
Research Activities (JRA) converge mainly on the objectives of defining advantages and limits of new
conservative treatments on outdoor monuments (JRA1) or to develop new methods in diagnostics by pilot in-
situ non-destructive and non-contact measurements (JRA2).
An integral part of JRA1 work involves sampling of comparison of the newly developed and traditional
methods and encouraging the use of methods based on new technologies and clear scientific-ethical criteria
(i.e. choice of methods and materials after a careful scientific study of the artwork state of conservation,
using advanced non-invasive approach, in full respect of the artwork aesthetic and historical value).
Furthermore, JRA2 worked on various new analytical methodologies for artwork studies, assembling new
equipments and validating their performances.
Boosted by a substantial increase in the planned work, the second year high-quality results of research
activities is becoming tangible, and the initial SMEs interests for the forthcoming deliverables are growing
closer. The development of the two projects has been carried out basically as planned, and no unforeseen
technical problems have been encountered.
Coordination of the three joint activities and interchange of information among partners were tasks of the
Eu-ARTECH management. The Eu-ARTECH Governing Board (GB), met two times during the second
year, taking decisions and approving plans and documents, such as the third period implementation plan and
the present report. The regular development of the work was under the advice and the control of the Steering
Committee.
A consistent package of Coordinator‟ time, as well of the Project Office, was spent to follow unexpected
administrative issues. As previously mentioned, the second year was also marked by strong delays in the
closure of the first Annual accounting basically due to a long decision-making process of EC Contract
amendment imposed by different causes. Those involved notably, the merging of one participating
infrastructure (INOA, partner 13) into another (CNR, partner 3), which imposed a change of cost model
(from AC to FC). The change was possible only through two lengthy steps, due to internal and national rules.
Finally a cost model change of another participant‟ (LNEC, partner 9), was decided by its governing body
after the first Annual Report delivery. In response to this situation, the procedure was so long that, at

FP6 Research Infrastructures                          8                             Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                             2nd Annual Report
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present, the second year budget is not available to the Coordinator and nor to the partners. The consequent
hurdle should be clear: only a fraction planned budget of the second year was spent.
The total expenses for the second year amount to about XXXX% of the foreseen annual (13-24 months)
budget.

1.1.2 Verbal or Written Presentations
Following the diffusion programme, according to the interdisciplinary and multisciplinary character of the
work, general activities of Eu-ARTECH and offered possibilities of Transnational Access have been
presented at international meetings and conferences on cultural heritage, chemistry, physics, and material
science.
One of these presentations was a hearing of the European Parliament, dedicated to policy makers and invited
persons (open in principle to public, only limited by sitting places). The lecture was entitled “The role of
scientific research in cultural heritage preservation” and was held by A. de Tagle (ICN, partner n.8) in
Strasbourg, FR, February 6th, 2006. The lecture was almost entirely dedicated to Eu-ARTECH.
Among many presentations at conferences, particularly significant was that carried out at the 14th ICOM-CC
Triennial Meeting, in The Hague, NL, September 12th-16th, 2005 (http://www.icom-cc2005.org/). The
ICOM-CC is the largest of the Committees of the ICOM (International Council of Museums) and has more
than 1400 members worldwide, from 21 different countries. At the triennial ICOM-CC meeting, Eu-
ARTECH was present with a stand, publicising networking, research, and access activities. One special page
of the Meeting Journal was dedicated to Eu-ARTECH (http://www.icom-cc2005.org/Documents/ICOM-
CC2005-Congress-Newspaper.pdf, or see a copy of the Newspaper in the Eu-ARTECH website). It is worth
noting that Dr. Tim Whalen, Director of the Getty Conservation Institute (USA), during the most important
event of the meeting, i.e. the “Triennial Plenary Conference”, mentioned Eu-ARTECH as the most relevant
project of the last year in Europe for the conservation of cultural heritage. During the talk, specific mention
was given to the AGLAE and MOLAB Transnational Access, seen as a great new opportunity offered to the
European conservators (see the above mentioned Newspaper address).
Eu-ARTECH had evidence also at the International Meeting COST and Cultural Heritage:Crossing Borders
Firenze, I, October 20th-22nd, 2005 (http://www.echn.net/cost-hig/florence2005), a strategic COST workshop
conceived with the objectives to increase awareness of the need for protection of cultural heritage, to
promote conservation research on a European level, to encourage networking between different international
organisations, and to explore potential synergies in the field. Notably in the Session 5 – Innovative
Instrumentation and Methodologies, the Eu-ARTECH Coordinator has presented to scientists, curators,
conservators, managers, stakeholders, and decision makers involved in heritage cultural issues, Eu-ARTECH
work and first results, including Transnational Access, and the EU interest and commitment.
Finally, Eu-ARTECH was present at the 7th European Commission Conference "SAVEUR", held in Prague,
May 31st-June 2nd, 2006. (http://www.arcchip.cz/ec-conference/). Aim of the conference was the
consolidation and impact assessment of results achieved in EU research projects related to movable and
immovable cultural heritage. Eu-ARTECH was present with two presentations, one dedicated to AGLAE
and one to MOLAB activities.
Behind the events already mentioned, Eu-ARTECH was also significantly present in other European
initiatives, contributing to promote and enhance high-level research. Among these initiatives, it is here
reminded the CERC3 Young Chemists‟ European Workshop organized in Perugia, March 19th-22nd 2006,
with the title Chemistry for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage: Present and Future Perspectives
(http://www.cerc3.net/activities_ycw_in_progress.html). The meeting, chaired by C. Miliani (UNI-PG) and
M. Regert (C2RMF), both active in Eu-ARTECH, was characterised by the participation of selected young
chemists from several European countries presenting top level studies and discussing applications of the
most advanced methodologies in the field. Some of the presentations regarded works developed through
AGLAE and MOLAB facilities.




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Further dissemination of Eu-ARTECH activities was carried out through the publications of the works
developed through RTD (see, for example, J.Phys.Chem.B 109, 22147, 2005) or TA. Subject of a world-
scale press campaign was the MOLAB work on the National Gallery “Vergine delle Rocce” by Leonardo,
published on Burlington Magazine on June 2005 and on Kermes, on October 2005. Through this study a
new, never finished, drawing of Leonardo was revealed below the painting. In particular, it was found that
the new discovered drawing was realised by Leonardo using the same cartoon he used for the figure of St.
Philip in the Last Supper. The study radically altered the understanding of the Leonardo‟s working methods,
particularly regarding his use of cartoons. Activities of the European Mobile Laboratory MOLAB appeared
also on National Geographic (Italian Edition, May 2006) and on Il Giornale dell‟Arte (N.249, December
2005).


     1.2.              Management Activity
The June 2005-May 2006 period was a busy and remarkable year for the Eu-ARTECH management activity.
As for the first year, during the whole period relevant was the resort to the Commission and the EC project
officer gave always significant support.
The highlights include:
     -     the overall project coordination of all the numerous activities described elsewhere in this Report;
           (interrelation among team leaders and researchers, Community reporting, etc);
     -     the First Annual Report organisation and harmonisation, incorporating results and different
           contributions provided by partners or activity Leaders for its preparation;
     -     the coordination of Transnational Access activities to explicitly consider the Gender issues, to push
           for more publicity of the access effort, and to optimise the service offered to MOLAB and AGLAE
           users by introducing an helping set of ad-hoc post-access activities (knowledge achieved diffusion,
           encounters, Users‟ Meeting, open events, etc.);
     -     the interim and annual Eu-ARTECH general meetings (Governing Board, Steering Committee);
     -     the intensification and deepening of the relationship with other European I3 initiatives or with other
           initiatives operating in the field of conservation of cultural heritage.
All these activities are explained in the following paragraphs.

1.2.1 Description of the Management Activity


1.2.1-1 Management Tasks
Annual Report organisation and harmonisation
The first one management task of the second year was the preparation of the Annual Report, in compliance
with the EU Guidelines and taking into account each participant internal rules.
After the Ormylia Meeting, a fruitful intense work was carried out by the Coordinator and the Consortium
partners in order to satisfy the requirements of the reporting. The Annual Report editorial process was
organized as a cascade of document integrations and some adequate Templates for reporting, produced by
the Project Office, were in place. In the first step each group Leader produced a compact annual report on
activities and the results of the key-areas achieved. These reports were written comparing the work achieved
with the planned milestones and deliverables indicated in the implementation plan.
The Steering Committee finally, considering the new roadmap and the update activities, produced a first
internal assessment of the overall effort and project highlights, and generated constructive summary reports
forwarded to the consortium Coordinator for the final integration with documentation on access and
management.


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Strong efforts were dedicated by the Coordinator Project Office to the preparation of the Management Report
and the consequent financial issues comprising the data-gathering and the documents matching with the
Audit Certificates. At the deadline (July 15th) all the signed Audit partners‟ certificates were ready, apart one
single exception, which led to some delay in the presentation of the Report, sent to the Commission on
September 2005.
As above mentioned, further delays were introduced by the merging of INOA into CNR, following the
partner internal and national rules, and by the additional change of LNEC model cost (decided by its
governing body after the First Annual Report release), with subsequent more revisions of Implementation
Plan and contract changes demand. These amendments led to a strong delay in the delivery of the second
period pre-financing that, at the moment of writing the Second Annual Report, is not yet arrived to the
Coordinator Bank.
Overall project co-ordination (Consortium management, Community relationship & reporting,
interrelation among the partners)
The overall project co-ordination took care of:
     -     the various activities across the project areas and the close interrelation among the different partners
           and the Eu-ARTECH community;
     -     the relationship with the EC and other European projects or initiatives;
     -     the dissemination of the knowledge derived from the project.
The Coordinator and the Project Office, convened two Governing Board and two Steering Committee
Meetings (Paris, November 21st-22nd, 2005 and in Lisbon, May 2nd-3rd, 2006), preparing the specific
documentation, meeting agendas, and compiling the minutes.
In preparation of the present Second Annual Report, specific Guidelines were circulated among the
Contractors and preparation of Templates for homogeneous accounting was carried out several weeks before
the deadline.
Relationship with the EC and other European projects
After the contacts of the first year, permanent relations were maintained with other European infrastructures
and/or initiative as well organisations with the objective to promote cross-fertilisations and to establish a
common area of encounter and interchange of knowledge.
Specific contacts were maintained and deepened with:
     -     I3 initiatives, such as LASERLAB, NMI3, and IA-SFS, developing work in the field of cultural
           heritage (see RICH meeting);
     -     external infrastructures operating in the field of study and conservation of cultural heritage, such as
           the ICTP, Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics of Trieste (see
           http://users.ictp.it/~smr1778/International%20Workshop%20on3.pdf), or the LABEC – INFN of
           Florence, or the Museu Nacional d‟Art de Catalunya. (MNAC), Barcelona;
     -     infrastructures belonging to non-European countries, such as Museum of Modern Art - MOMA,
           Mellon Foundation, New York University - NYU, and World Monument Fund (meetings April 17 -
           20 in New York, by Alberto de Tagle, ICN) or Third Countries, such as the Centre for Restoration of
           Santa Clara in La Havana, belonging to the Cuban Ministry of Culture (meeting on February 8th,
           2006, by B. Brunetti and A. Sgamellotti, UNI-PG) ;
     -     EC projects, such as COST G8, COST G7, CEN/TC 346 dedicated to the “Conservation of Cultural
           Property, or with Marie-Curie actions such as ATHENA and EPISCON, dedicated to the training of
           young conservation scientists.

Other contacts were maintained with other I3 initiatives in order to exchange administrative experience in the
perspective of both managerial and programmatic future aspects of FP7, through the participation to I3-NET.


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The activities of ESFRI to produce an infrastructure road map were also monitored.
Dissemination of the knowledge derived from the project
During the period, the Eu-ARTECH portal (www.eu-artech.org) was continuously adjourned, introducing
new pages and links in the effort to create an easily readable interface with users and institutions external to
the Consortium, following the Eu-ARTECH aims to create a Forum to meet and exchange news and results,
encouraging the interest and the flow of information between cultural heritage conservation people. The
dissemination task led to a wide diffusion of Eu-ARTECH work (website, publications, public understanding
of science, results etc.) creating awareness on potential of relevant external infrastructures and to promote the
interest of general public, operators, stakeholders and policy makers.
In particular, through the website, the Transnational Access information, such as eligibility of users, EC
financial support, application forms and procedures, were distributed to the scientific community and
potential users.
Specific documents regarding Eu-ARTECH activities having high impact ratio (text by the N1T.1 Task
Responsible, J.L.Boutaine), summarised the project plans and especially focused on the possibilities of
AGLAE and MOLAB Transnational Access, are available in website, and are read by large international
audience of researchers and practitioners.
In fact the number of institutions in direct contact with Eu-ARTECH was increased during the second year
from 120 to 164. The list is available on the website. Continuous information was also distributed, to
networks dedicated to studies and conservation of cultural heritage, material producers (paper, colours,
pigments, pencils, pastels), instrumentation manufacturers and technology research centres (wood, textiles,
paper, ceramics, glass, stones).
The database listing the characteristics of institutions (universities, research centres, public and private
cultural heritage institutions, museums, libraries, restoration workshops, foundations, industrial technology
centres...) active in examination, characterisation and analysis of cultural artefacts and their component
materials, has been updated. New entries, via their interest in Eu-ARTECH, have permitted an extension of
the database from 106 to 133 institutions, from 28 countries working with 114 different techniques. The
adjourned and modified database will be linked soon with the Eu-ARTECH website.
Finally, the specific restricted area of the website was reserved to the exchange and diffusion of working
documents among the partners.


1.2.1-2 General meetings
The Governing Board met two times during the period June 1st 2005 - May 31st 2006. One in Paris, in
occasion of the Second Interim meeting (November 21st, 2005) and another in Lisbon, in occasion of the
Second Annual meeting (May 2nd, 2006). Meetings of the Steering Committee were also held in the same
occasions. The list of the meetings of the second year is in Table 1.
The fourth Eu-ARTECH General Meeting was held in Paris (FR) on November 21 – 22 with an attendance
of EC Scientific Officer and 48 participants [GB=13]. At the beginning of the meeting, the fourth Governing
Board Meetings were held, joint to the Steering Committee (all members in attendance) with the
presentations and discussion of the work done.
At the General Meeting, the Coordinator reporting on the preparation of Eu-ARTECH First Annual Report,
underlining the many problems encountered. As a matter of fact, the preparation of the report (about 250
pages) has proved to be a huge work. That was in part due to the fact that it was a learning process both for
those in charge for the compilation of the whole report, and for those who were required to provide input. All
hope that next year - based on the experience of the first year - the preparation of the Annual Report will be a
much easier task.
Concerning a further contract amendment, the Board specifically approves:- the possible extension of the
participation of RWTH to the Eu-ARTECH activities for the third year with a budget of 25.000 euros
shifting from UNI-PG to RWTH;- the changed status of partner INOA (from June 1st INOA formally

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merged into CNR, however in a transitory phase) and the change of its model cost with; - the renounce to the
new clause 39 and the maintenance of the rule of presenting every year the Audit Certificate for each
institution.
The fifth General Meeting, (First Annual Meeting, 2006) attended by 41 Consortium participants [GB=13],
took place in Lisbon (PT) on May 2-3 2006, to show and review the progresses on all the three components
of the project, the diffusion program, and the access call.
At the Steering Committee a report of each activity was presented by the responsible, and the various
sections of the further Report were discussed.
Following the presentation of the Coordinator at the Governing Board, main problems occurred in the First
Annual Report were discussed and through questions many points were clarified. Regarding the Second AR,
the Responsible of each networking task were invited to make reference to R. Mazzeo (UNI-BO), as general
Convenor of the activity, and for the specific reports to J.L.Boutaine for N1 and D. Pinna for N2. Equally,
the Responsible of Joint Research tasks were invited to make reference to S.Bracci (CNR-ICVBC) for JRA1
and A.Sgamellotti (UNI-PG) for JRA2. Finally, the two Responsible of access were invited first, to fill the
TA Database, considering that this procedure simplifies the presentation of further details (days of access,
number of users, periods of measurements, etc.) on the activity.
The Board specifically approved the Implementation Plan of the third period, built up according to the
general Implementation Plan reported on the contract, and the further change of the N2 responsible due to
left in CNR-ICVBC.
Minutes of the Second Interim and Annual Meetings, including short reports on the Governing Board (GB)
and the Steering Committee (SC) can be found in Annex 1.
Table 1: Eu-ARTECH Second Year General Meetings
   Date                     Title/                Location/Organiser            Participants                Notes
                      subject of meeting                                            No.                    [Website:
                                                                                                   http://www.eu-artech.org ]
                 Fourth Governing Board and
November         Steering Committee Meeting     Paris, FR                          GB= 13          Agenda, minutes and
21st - 22nd,     (jointly)                                                                         participants on Eu-
2005                                            Centre National de la          SC (open to all     ARTECH website
                 (during Eu-ARTECH     Second                                 participants)= 48*   (Consortium restricted area)
                 Interim Meeting)               Recherche Scientifique,
                                                UMR171 (Flore Pavilion,
                                                Palais du Louvre)
May              Fifth Governing Board and      Lisboa, PT                         GB= 13          Agenda, minutes and
2nd-3rd,         Steering Committee Meeting                                                        participants on Eu-
2006                                            Laboratorio Nacional de         SC (open to all    ARTECH website
                 (during Eu-ARTECH Second       Engenharia Civil                participants)=     (Consortium restricted area)
                 Annual Meeting)                (Avenida Brasil, 101)                41*


() The two days comprise the Governing Board and the Steering Committee meetings; the access Peer Review Committee (AGLAE 1st PRC, and
MOLAB 1st and 2nd PRC) meeting; technical meetings of Eu-ARTECH specific activities followed.




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     1.3.              Networking Activities (other than Management)
This annual report describes progress made by the two Eu-ARTECH financed Networks and highlights the
several major accomplishments of the second year. According to the general objectives of the project to
improved quality, co-ordination and integration of Eu-ARTECH facilities, the networking activities are
designed to maximising resources (N1 “Sharing knowledge and resources”) regarding the analysis and
diagnostics on artwork materials, and to allot knowledge and key performance parameters (N2 “Methods and
materials in conservation”) regarding the materials and methods used in conservation of cultural heritage.
Networking discussions on the rational use of analytical methods and resources (N1) is considered of
outmost importance to optimise research; the definition of best methods and materials in conservation of
artworks (N2) is recognised as the proper way to better guarantee the diffusion of best practices for their
preservation.
In line with this approach, the activities were accomplished through continuous interactions among the
responsible of the tasks and participants, who took care of the work. Natural coordination followed from the
Eu-ARTECH periodical meetings having a six-month cadence.
The activities of the second year produced clear benefits. N1 offered to Consortium members the opportunity
to compare different experiments and techniques as well as to create good premises for the promotion of
protocols and standards in cooperation with the technical committees of CEN. In the frame of these
activities, two Workshops on examination of paintings and two Training Schools on innovative NMR
techniques and on use of GUPIX software for PIXE analyses were fruitful occasions to focus the attention on
the potentiality of the more recent advances in investigation techniques and data treatments, exchanging and
diffusing knowledge among internal and external users.
Benefits of N2 activities were improved contacts among cultural heritage institutions including museums and
other organisations and a general more significant interaction between conservators, restorers, scientists and
curators to set up a suitable and staggered framework of co-operation among them.
Responsible for networking is UNI-BO.

1.3.1 N1 - Sharing knowledge and resources
N1 major activities of the second year run on:
   - Task 1 continuance especially referred to organic substance investigations;
   - start of Task 2- Exchange knowledge and expertise, referred to reference material sharing,
       cooperation on CAMEO database, and dissemination of knowledge and training;
   - start of Task 3- Common approaches in the examination and analysis of paintings;
   - start of Task 4- Common analytical strategies, referred to the elaboration of modes of profitable
       exchange of analytical results with a special reference to natural dyestuffs.
More specifically,
Task1 (C2RMF) -Subtask 1c (CNRS-C2RMF): Proposition of a standardised format for describing analytical
            procedures for natural organic substances investigations, to allow these procedures to be
            readily compared and evaluated. New inter-laboratory comparison on dyestuffs
            investigation, with focus on complementary non-destructive techniques;
Task 2 (ICN)           -Subtask 2a (ICN, OADC) Reference Materials Sharing, overview on possible sharing of
                       reference materials among infrastructures; deepening and development of existing links with
                       COST G8 (closed on May 2006) on sharing of standards of dyed textiles and lakes;
                       -Subtask 2b (CNRS-C2RMF): Cooperation on database CAMEO with MFA, Boston;
                       -Subtask 2c (UNI-PG): Dissemination of knowledge and training- Workshop on “Non-
                       invasive NMR and Cultural Heritage” comprising educational lectures and practical training
                       exercises with mobile NMR equipment. Training course for PIXE users on “GUPIX data
                       processing software”.


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Task 3 (NGL): Workshop on examination of paintings - “Seventeenth Century Northern European
              Paintings” and “The Painting Technique of Mathias Grunewald and Contemporaries”;
Task 4(OADC): Formation of a working group for the elaboration of new methods and best approaches for
             profitable exchange of results; collaboration with MaSC for the formulation of an easy way
             of data-exchange on natural dyestuffs‟ investigations.
All tasks had their completion, according to the Networking plan.
Responsible for N1 is CNRS-C2RMF.


1.3.1-1 Activity Progress
Distribution of information (CNRS-C2RMF and UNI-PG)
By the end of April 2006, the number of institutions or companies registered in the Eu-ARTECH mailing list
has been significantly extended (a total number of 164). The list includes:
- according to the type of activity: 48 universities or educational institutions, 33 public research institutes, 32
museums, galleries or archives, 26 cultural heritage institutions, 10 restoration workshops or experts, 5
international organisations, 4 instrumentation manufacturers, 2 associations or foundations, 1 technology
research centre, 1 publisher, 1 local administration, 1 religious institution.
- according to the country: Europe: Member States: France 26, Italy 22, United Kingdom 18, Germany 15,
Greece 8, Spain 8, Belgium 6, Netherlands 4, Austria 3, Malta 3, Portugal 3, Czech Republic 2, Denmark 2,
Poland 2, Slovak Republic 2, Sweden 2, Cyprus 1, Estonia 1, Finland 1, Lithuania 1, Slovenia 1, JRC 1
(IRMM Geel) – Candidate countries: Romania 3, Turkey 3, Croatia 1 - EFTA countries: Norway 3 - RTD
Association Countries: Switzerland 3 - S&T cooperation agreements countries: Russian Federation 1;
Others : Serbia-Montenegro 1, Vatican 1 – outside Europe : United States 10, Canada 1, Australia 1 (a total
number of 32 + 5 international organisations) (see list on the website).
A list of conferences of interest in the field of “science & technology for cultural heritage” was monthly
updated and distributed to all the institutions registered in the mailing list. The list was also made accessible
on the Eu-ARTECH website (approximately 90 conferences have been registered from mid 2004 to 2007).
A list of websites of interest (approximately 60) in the same field was also regularly updated and made
accessible via internet.
Extension of the database on facilities in European infrastructures (CNRS-C2RMF and UNI-PG)
The database listing the characteristics of cultural heritage institutions (public institutions, universities,
research centres, museums, libraries, restoration workshops, foundations, industrial technology research
centres...) has been continuously updated, extending the number of institutions from 106 to 133.
Training possibilities (NGL, LNEC, ICN, CNRS-C2RMF, KIK-IRPA).
In the frame of networking, the participating institutions could offer some training possibilities for young
graduates or students in the areas of physics or chemistry for the study of cultural heritage artefacts or
conservation/restoration. In turn, individual young students are facilitated in finding training opportunities.

On the initiative of J.Delgado (LNEC), two forms were prepared to be made accessible on the Eu-ARTECH
website. However, these possibilities do not imply travel supports or salaries. For the training each institution
or trainee must find appropriate funding outside Eu-ARTECH. For the most promising candidates, the
Consortium institutions could take charge to utilise the schemes already existing in the various countries for
hosting young foreigner researchers (i.e. scientific cooperation bilateral agreements, SME‟s or foundation
grants, etc.)
Task 1: Analytical resources, analytical procedures and investigation strategies (Task Leader : CNRS-
C2RMF)



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Subtask 1c (CNRS-C2RMF): a standard format for describing analytical procedures for natural organic
substances identification, to allow these procedures to be readily compared and reproduced.
A first draft of Standard format for describing analytical protocols for organic substance analyses was
elaborated. A scientific review of this format was carried out by the partners NGL, OADC, KIK-IRPA and
ICN. After the scientific and advisory work, organised in three scientific main approach (Relevance,
Completeness and Applicability) the format was adapted to the case of HPLC (High Performance Liquid –
Chromatography) chosen as an exemplary case for organic analyses. The draft is the Deliverable D1 (Draft
1).
In order to validate the proposed format, NGL, OADC, KIK-IRPA and ICN proceeded experimenting the
reporting of their own HPLC-PDA analytical procedures (protocols) as they are currently carried out in each
laboratory. The four analytical examples reported following the format of D1 are the Deliverable D1(Draft
2). The format will be also developed for other analytical techniques.
In addition, following the evaluation of the above mentioned experimentation, further developments were
identified for the Final Standard Format for reporting analytical data. One example, describing the HPLC
analysis of a wool standard dyed with weld, is also given. The proposed final format in Deliverable
D1(Final) will serve as a basis for the exchange of information about the shared reference materials
developed in Task 2.
During the MaSC (Users‟ group of Mass Spectrometry & Chromatography) Meeting, Amsterdam 8-9
September 2005, a seminar was held between the core group of MaSC and Eu-ARTECH N1 participants.
The main aim was to verify the opportunities for exchanging the analytical data in a digital form via the
JCAMP format developed by MaSC, but only for MS data. As a result of this first dialogue, some actions
will be taken to adapt the JCAMP format for the exchange of HPLC-PDA data, including all relevant
metadata, which are identified through the work on inter-laboratory comparison within this task. The final
goal is to adopt a common standard digital format for exchanging data as announced in Task 4.
Exchange of knowledge and expertise on organic polymers.
The need to exchange knowledge and expertise on organic polymers with other consortia/initiatives was
clearly identified during the 1st year meeting in Ormylia, given that the subject demands exchange among a
large number of researchers of different fields/specialisation.
Following these premises, the project networking activity has been presented in several international
conferences and workshops. During the Final Conference Meeting of MODHT (Monitoring of the Damage
in Historic Tapestries - EU 5th FP Project), London, 20th- 21st June 2005, open to conservation scientists
from all over the world including representatives from the Metropolitan Museum in New York, The National
Trust, the Victoria & Albert Museum and the Textile Conservation Centre at Southampton University,
attended by I. Vanden Berghe, J. Wouters (KIK-IRPA) and J. Kirby (NGL), a presentation of first results of
Eu-ARTECH networking activity was done by KIK-IRPA with a lecture about “The use of amino acid
analysis as an early warning system for protein degradation”. A large interest was manifested by participants
and the bases for further collaboration were established.
In addition the following initiatives were taken:
- announcement of the networking activity at the end of IDAP (Improved Damage Assessment of Parchment)
FP5 project workshop (Copenhagen, August 2005), by J. Wouters (KIK-IRPA), who was present to chair the
session on analysis and to ascertain new collaboration with the involved partners;
- organisation of a Round-table discussion meeting on Natural organic polymers during the ICOM-CC
meeting (The Hague, Sept. 2005) to find out specific fields of interests among the ICOM-CC participants
present;
- collaboration at the establishment of a new COST proposal “Pathways towards improved understanding
and conservation of the moveable cultural heritage” (proposed by M. Adriaens and M. Dowsett) with the
writing of the text of chapter 2 of the proposal, “Natural organic polymers: identification and alteration”;
- presence of J. Wouters (KIK-IRPA) in a new FP6 proposal, “Learning Mobile”.


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Task 2: Exchange knowledge and expertise (Task Leader: ICN).
Subtask 2a (ICN,OADC) Reference Materials Sharing- overview on possible sharing of reference materials
among infrastructures; sharing of standards of dyed textiles and lakes
In the spirit of a networking activity devoted to create interoperability among institutions even external to the
consortium, positive interactions have been established with COST G8 and the reference materials developed
within the framework of a COST short time scientific missions first at KIK-IRPA and then at NGL (I.
Petroviciu- National Research Laboratory for Conservation and Restoration of Mobile Cultural Heritage,
Bucharest, Romania). These materials were then studied by the Eu-ARTECH partners NGL, KIK-IRPA,
OADC, UNI-PG and ICN with the double objective to develop and test the more appropriate standard format
of reporting data (see task1c) and to create a base of well tested and documented reference standards to be
shared among institutions (task 2a).
The analysis, interpretation, and reporting of the analytical data according to the standard format is still in
progress.
Two external institutions were also involved in some aspects of the task: Getty Conservation Institute, USA,
and the National Museums of Scotland-University of Edinburgh, UK. Although the focus is on HPLC
techniques at this moment, a range of non-chromatographic techniques such as FTIR microscopy and SEM-
EDX have been applied to characterise the reference materials, as well as non-invasive techniques, such as
fluorescence spectroscopy, which have provided important complementary information.
The recipes of the references, as developed within this task, are given in the Deliverable D3 Report on the
preparation of standard samples of dyed textiles and lake pigments with the development of existing link to
the COST G8.
In summary, including the materials developed during the previous period, now 16 dyed textiles (wool and
silk) and 12 organic pigments derived from 7 different botanical sources are available. These are the most
appropriate reference standard materials to be exchanged for a significant intercomparison of analytical data.
Un-dyed wool and silk are available as reference materials as well.
The botanical sources so far are:
       - Weld (Reseda tinctoria)
       - Dyer‟s broom (Genista tinctoria)
       - Sappanwood (Caesalpinia sappan)
       - Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius)
       - Mexican cochineal (Dactylopius coccus)
       - Indigo (Indigofera sp.)
       - Madder (Rubia sp.)
Reference material (on silk and wool and as pigment) of two other, oriental biological dye sources
Miscanthus sinensis Anderss and Chinese pagoda-tree (Sophora japonica L.), were produced through a
cooperation of KIK-IRPA and the Getty Conservation Institute. They will become available for the European
community within the next period.
The results of the analyses (including the exchange of analytical data) of the well documented reference
materials will be evaluated during a one-day Eu-ARTECH meeting to be held on September 20th, 2006, in
Suceava (Romania), in parallel with the 25th Dyes in History and Archaeology (DHA) meeting. The best
storage conditions for the reference materials and novel analytical strategies will be also discussed.
Subtask 2b (C2RMF): Cooperation on database CAMEO (Conservation & Art Materials Online
Encyclopaedia) with MFA, Boston
A meeting was held to discuss co-operation between Eu-ARTECH & MFA, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
on the CAMEO database (Conservation and Art Materials Encyclopaedia Online) at the National Gallery
London, April 3rd 2006.



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CAMEO is an electronic database that compiles, defines, and disseminates technical information on the
distinct collection of terms, materials, and techniques used in the fields of art conservation and historic
preservation. Originally created for the professions of art conservation and historic preservation, it is now
available to the public as an information resource. CAMEO contains chemical, physical, visual, and
analytical information on over 10,000 historic and contemporary materials used in the conservation,
preservation, and production of artistic, architectural, and archaeological materials. The Institute of Museum
and Library Services, a federal agency that fosters innovation, leadership and a lifetime of learning, supports
CAMEO. Funding for CAMEO has also been provided in part by the National Centre for Preservation
Technology.
The CAMEO database has expanded since the last meeting with M. Derrick of the MFA. The proposed
contributions of Eu-ARTECH are expected to improve the accessibility and utility of the database for
European users. Advantages for Eu-ARTECH could be: further international visibility, publicity for its
activities including transnational access, and a link to the Consortium website.
The envisaged contribution of Eu-ARTECH members will consist in:
1 - European language terms (synonym list) to aid in searching records. The participants agreed to check the
accuracy of existing synonyms and to add new synonyms in German language (BLFD), Greek (OADC),
Portuguese (LNEC), French (CNRS-C2RMF); Italian (OPD) and Dutch (ICN); contacts have also been
established with volunteer contributors for Spanish synonyms.
2 - Addition of European commercial products (and trade names) that are used in conservation (NGL,
LNEC, CNRS-C2RMF agreed to contribute and OPD & CNR-ICVBC will extract some of these products
from the questionnaire forms that were filled in for the survey in conservation).
3 - Addition of images (photographs, spectra…).
4 - Editorial review of the records.
The following partners are willing to contribute to editorial review of records in specific technical areas:
        BLFD:                   stone deterioration & metal conservation.
        CNRS-C2RMF:             examination & analysis techniques (radiographic techniques, ionising
                                radiation based analytical techniques)
        CNR-ICVBC               stone, glass, pigments, examination & analytical techniques
        CNR-INOA                optical examination techniques
        ICN:                    pigments, dyes, polymers, contemporary materials & analytical techniques
        LNEC                    stones & mortars
        NGL:                    pigments, dyes & analytical techniques
        OADC:                    pigments, dyes, painting techniques, analytical and documentation
                                 techniques
        UNI-BO:                 painting materials, metals, examination & analytical techniques
5 – Validation of all the European websites included in the CAMEO Directory, particularly those of the
Consortium's members and addition of those which wish to appear in it.
6 – Methods of examination, characterisation & analysis of cultural heritage materials
Memorandum of agreement between MFA & EU-ARTECH
A final edition distributed to all the participants has been validated and will be signed by the two parties.


Subtask 2c (UNI-PG): Dissemination of knowledge and training- Workshop on Non-invasive NMR and
Cultural Heritage comprising educational lectures and practical training exercises with mobile NMR
equipment. Training course for PIXE users on GUPIX data processing software.
Dissemination of knowledge on more advanced analytical techniques and training was carried out through
several initiatives co-organised by the participating institutions. These initiatives were dedicated to:
     -     application of innovative NMR technique (see Deliverable D4);

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     -     use of new versions of GUPIX data processing software for PIXE analyses (see Deliverable D5);
     -     distribution of information on Access and other activities (see Deliverable D6);
     -     research of European young leading scientists (CERC3 – see Deliverable D7);
     -     use of large scale facilities in cultural heritage (RICH – see Deliverable D8).
The new results on applications of spectroscopic techniques to cultural heritage attracted the attention of
some SME (e.g. Bruker Optics, Italy; http://www.brukeroptics.com/Italy/)


Task 3: Common approaches in the examination and analysis of paintings (Task Leader: NGL)
EU-ARTECH Workshop on Seventeenth Century Northern European Painting Techniques – The National
Gallery London, December 12th 2005
The workshop concentrated on the study of paintings by Rembrandt and by Rubens, and coincided with a
major exhibition of paintings by Rubens being held at the National Gallery. The Eu-ARTECH consortium
knowledge exchange, first aim of the technical seminar, was not limited on the specific subject of the
workshop but enlarged on different methods of examination being used, to investigate the materials and
technique of paintings. Seven presentations were given, the majority from Eu-ARTECH institutions but with
selected contributions from external participants.
It was previously decided that the number of participants should be limited to 40, inviting people actively
involved in the field, to stimulate focussed discussion of a high level. This proved to be very effective in
disseminating novel methods of examining paintings as well as exchange of analytical results which
enhanced the quality of interpretation of the information as a whole. (see Deliverable D9 for programme, list
of participants and report). The agenda and .ppt files of the presentations are available on the Consortium
website.
International Colloquium on Grünewald‟s painting technique, Colmar (France) January 24-26 2006 -
organised by Musée d‟Unterlinden (Colmar) & CNRS-C2RMF
The aim of the colloquium was to take stock of various studies on the techniques and the art of painting of
Matthias Grünewald and of the artists of the German Renaissance such as Albrecht Dürer, Hans Baldung
Grien, Hans Holbein the Younger, Lucas Cranach the Elder, the Danube School. Information on materials
and techniques used by these artists was collected to attempt to define their specific skills, understand their
contribution and their creativity in their quest for new materials, and their search for ways of depicting
shapes and colours.
(http://www.musee-unterlinden.com/francais/actualite/public_html/images/colloque_Verso.pdf)
The meeting had the support of Eu-ARTECH and some French institution, such as the Direction Régionale
des Affaires Culturelles d‟Alsace (DRAC), the Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication, the Société
Schongauer, and the City of Colmar.
The colloquium took place over three days. The first day was devoted to the examination and analysis of the
“Issenheim Altarpiece”. The second day was devoted to the analysis of the paintings of Grünewald. The last
day was dedicated to the technique of Grünewald‟s contemporaries.
More than 100 people attended the meeting. There were 28 oral presentations, the majority of them from
Germany, but also many from France, the Netherlands and Switzerland. The National Gallery of Art
(Washington DC) presented the results of analysis of the “Small crucifixion”, and the National Gallery
London presented an overview on pigments used by German artists of the XVI century.
Details are in Deliverable D10. The Workshop Proceedings will be published, with the support of Eu-
ARTECH, at the end of 2006.


Task 4: Common analytical strategies (Task leader: OADC)


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Task 4 started at beginning of the second semester of the second year. A general plan of the Task was
outlined which progressively integrates several themes relevant to the promotion of common analytical
strategies over the whole duration of the task which lasts until the end of the project, taking advantage of the
achievements of Networking and Joint Research activities in progress.
The development and final presentation of common analytical strategies will be structured following four
main action lines:
A - Materials analysis (dealing with selected groups of materials based on their chemical composition or
their function or application)
B - Objects investigation (referring to selected object typologies according to their support or technique or
style)
C - Development of novel analytical strategies for:
       - Material analysis
       - Application techniques investigation
D - Contribution to standards
       - Establishing cooperation with CEN/TC 346.
Following this general approach and on the basis of the networking tasks already running, certain initial
topics have been selected to be worked on over the next 18 months period for the development of common
analytical strategies.
Details are in the Deliverable D11.
Table 2: N1 - Specific objectives and progress made during the reporting period (T 1a - T1b)

                           Objectives                                              Progress made during the reporting period

         Task 1 –Analytical resources, analytical procedures and investigation strategies (Task Leader: CNRS-C2RMF)
Task 1c (CNRS-C2RMF):          standardised format for A first standard format for describing an analytical protocol was
describing analytical procedures for Natural Organic evaluated for its relevance, completeness and applicability by different
substances investigation                                  partners (NGL, OADC, KIK-IRPA and ICN).
Objectives:                                               After adapting the format, a standard format was proposed for
-to define and propose a standard format for describing reporting analytical data. (Deliverable D1.draft 1)
analytical procedures       for   natural    organic    substances
identification,
-to guarantee a meaningful comparability of results from
different labs;

Task 1c (CNRS-C2RMF): Interlaboratory comparison                       Four protocols have been formulated by different laboratories,
on natural organic material analyses.                                  according to their normal activity, for the analysis of dyes from
                                                                       textiles (OADC, ICN, KIK-IRPA) and lakes or other pigments from
Objectives:
- allow scientists to compare analytical procedures;                   paint surfaces (NGL) using HPLC-PDA [High Performance Liquid
                                                                       Chromatography –Photo Diode Array] (Deliverable D1. draft2).
- promote cooperative research          on    organic   substance
identification and behaviour;

Task 1c (CNRS-C2RMF): Natural organic substances                       From the comparison and discussion of the protocols above
analyses in artwork (continue)- Dyestuffs and natural                  mentioned, a proposal has been formulated for a standard format of
organic polymers                                                       reporting analytical data obtained trough HPLC-PDA. One explicative
                                                                       example, describing the analysis of a wool standard dyed with wells
Objectives:                                                            was given (Deliverable D1. final).
- diffuse best practices and use of the more appropriate
techniques;
-improve cooperation inside and outside the Consortium.
                                       Task 2- Exchange knowledge and expertise (Task leader: ICN)

Subtask 2a (ICN) Reference Materials Sharing                           Now 16 dyed textiles (wood and silk) are available as reference
Overview on possible sharing of reference materials                    materials and 12 organic pigments derived from 7 different botanical
among infrastructures                                                  sources (including materials obtained during the first year activities
                                                                       and the materials provided following MODHT contacts).
Objectives:



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- enhance the quality of research on organic substances through        Un-dyed wool and silk are available as reference materials as well.
comparison and evaluation of the state-of-the art analytical
methods used;
- assess the comparability and complementarity of the protocols
and analytical results.

Subtask2a (ICN, NGL, KIK-IRPA) Reference Materials                     The reference materials developed (within a cooperation with
Sharing- Development of existing link with COST G8                     COSTG8 I. Petroviciu short mission) have been characterised by
for standards of dyed textiles and lake pigments                       NGL, KIK-IRPA, OADC, UNI-PG and ICN. External contributions
                                                                       from the Getty Conservation Institute and the National Museum of
Objectives:
                                                                       Scotland were also drawn in. The selected recipes for the preparation
-as above.                                                             of the standard of pigments have been listed and documented
                                                                       (Deliverable D3)
Subtask2c (UNI-PG, NGL, OPD) Dissemination and                         The workshop had attendance of 42 participants. During the meeting,
training - Workshop on Non-invasive NMR and                            the general bases of the NMR technique and the design of the portable
Cultural Heritage comprising educational lectures and                  NMR-MOUSE (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance – MObile Universal
practical training exercises with mobile NMR                           Surface Explorer) were fully described, both from the theoretical and
equipment.                                                             experimental point of view.
Objectives:                                                            Practical demonstrations were carried out.
-diffuse the use of the most advanced techniques for non-              (Deliverable D4).
invasive studies;
-foster research on advanced analytical methodologies.
                                                                       Potential and actual users of AGLAE facility were trained in the use of
Subtask2c (CNRS-C2RMF) Training course for PIXE                        the more recent version of the PIXE processing software currently
users on GUPIX data processing software                                used in Paris (Deliverable D5).
Objective:
-improve quality of processing data among AGLAE potential
and actual users.


Subtask2c (CNRS-C2RMF, NGL, ICN, UNI-PG, KIK-                          A detailed plan for collaboration with Museum Fine Art Boston on
IRPA) Agreement of Eu-ARTECH N1 on CAMEO                               CAMEO database has been established.
database with MFA Boston
Objective:
-increase quantity and quality of information available through
the CAMEO database, for researchers and scholars on cultural
heritage
                                                                       Information on MOLAB and AGLAE activities, as well as networking
Subtask2c (ICN, NGL, KIK-IRPA, UNI-PG, LNEC,                           and joint research, has been disseminated at ICOM-CC, 3rd Int. Raman
UNI-BO) Dissemination of the networking activity                       Spectroscopy Conference in Art and Archaeology, etc.. Interest for the
                                                                       program was manifested by researchers who asked to receive
Objective:
                                                                       information on progresses (Deliverable D4).
-diffusion of good practices and transnational access.


Subtask2c (UNI-PG, CNRS-C2RMF, UNI-BO, KIK-                            The most advanced techniques and methodologies for studies and
IRPA) CERC 3 Young Chemists‟ Workshop                                  conservation of artworks were discussed at the CERC3 meeting in
RICH Workshop (Research Infrastructures in Cultural                    Perugia, by selected young European and extra-European researchers.
Heritage)
Objectives:                                                            At RICH possible transversal interactions among different I3 involved
-promote top-level research among young scientists;                    in studies and conservation of artwork materials were explored in a
-to explore potential cross fertilization in the activities of         meeting having participation from NMI3, LASERLAB, IA-SFS, and
different I3 initiatives involved in studies of cultural heritage.     Eu-ARTECH representatives (Deliverables D7-D8).

                   Task 3- Common approaches in the examination and analysis of paintings (Task Leader: NGL)

                                                                       The workshop was concentrated on the study of paintings by
Task 3 (NLG, UNI-PG, ICN, CNRS-C2RMF) -                                Rembrandt and by Rubens, particularly active fields of research at the
Workshop on the technical examination of                               moment. It coincided with a major exhibition of paintings by Rubens
“Seventeenth-Century Northern European Paintings”                      being held at the National Gallery. The number of participants -
                                                                       inviting people actively involved in the field - was limited to 40, to
Objectives:
                                                                       keep the workshop most productive, to stimulate focussed discussion



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-to exchange knowledge among the partners of the EU-                 of a high level. The meeting attracted the maximum number, including
ARTECH consortium, not only on the specific subject but also         not only scientists but art historians and conservators from several
on methods of examination being used to investigate the              countries (Deliverable D9). The ppt files of the presentations are
materials and technique of paintings;                                available in the Consortium website.
-to contribute to the definition of common approaches to the
examination of paintings.
Task 3 (CNRS-C2RMF, NGL, ICN) - Seminar on “The                      More than 100 people attended the meeting. There were 28 oral
painting technique of Matthias Grünewald and his                     presentations, the majority of them from Germany, France, the
contemporaries”.                                                     Netherlands and Switzerland. The National Gallery of Art
Objectives:                                                          (Washington DC) presented the results of analysis of the “Small
- to take stock of various studies on the techniques and the art     crucifixion”, and the National Gallery London presented an overview
of painting of Matthias Grünewald;                                   on pigments used by German artists of the 16th century (Deliverable
- to compare techniques of the contemporary artists of the           D10).
German Renaissance such as Albrecht Dürer, Hans Baldung
Grien, Hans Holbein the Younger, Lucas Cranach the Elder,
and the Danube School;
- to check the potentialities of the methods of examination of
paintings on specific comparative cases.
                                        Task 4- Common analytical strategies (Task Leader: OADC)
Formation of a working group for the elaboration of                  The development and final presentation of common analytical
common modes for exchanging analytical results                       strategies will be structured following four main action lines:
(Collaboration with MaSC).
                                                                     A - Materials analysis (dealing with selected groups of materials based
                                                                     on their chemical composition or their function or application)
Objectives:
-establish the more appropriate mode of exchanging data and          B - Objects investigation (referring to selected object typologies
results, taking into account the influence of sampling and           according to their support or technique or style)
analytical procedures;
                                                                     C - Development of novel analytical strategies for:
-to draw the main lines for the development of common
                                                                     - Material analysis
analytical strategies to be shared among partners.
                                                                     - Application techniques investigation
                                                                     D - Contribution to standards
                                                                     - Establishing cooperation with CEN/TC 346.
                                                                     (see Deliverable D11)

Table 3: N1 – T1 & T2 Outline implementation plan (milestones/ deliverables planned/achieved during the reporting period)
                                                                                                                      p/m
 D                   Milestones                                Deliverables                Date        Actual/                Deviation from
                                                                                           due/       Forecast                 the planned
                                                                                           month     Deliv. Date                  work
                                                                                                        month
          Task 1 –Analytical resources, analytical procedures and investigation strategies (Task Leader: CNRS-C2RMF)
 1     Task 1c (CNRS-C2RMF):                       A standardised Format for                 18          18            2
       standardised format for describing          reporting natural organic
(1)    analytical procedures for Natural           substances investigation                                                         None
       Organic substances investigation.

 1     Task 1c (CNRS-C2RMF):                       Report on advances in                     18          18            8            None
       Interlaboratory comparison on               Interlaboratory comparison
(2)    natural organic substance
       investigations.
 1     Task 1c (CNRS-C2RMF):                       Report on Advances in                     24          24            6            None
       Natural organic substances                  intercomparison on dyestuffs – A
(3)    analyses in artwork (continue)-             standard format for reporting
       Dyestuffs and natural organic               analytical data by HPLC
       polymers.
                                       Task 2- Exchange knowledge and expertise (Task leader: ICN)
2      Subtask 2a (ICN)        Reference           Report on Overview on reference           18          18            3            None
       Materials Sharing Overview on               material sharing (18 months)
       possible sharing of reference
       materials among infrastructures.



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3      Subtask2a (ICN, NGL, KIK-               Report on Advances on reference      24        24       3            None
       IRPA) Reference Materials               material sharing
       Sharing Development of existing
       link with COST G8 for standards
       of dyed textiles and lake
       pigments.
4      Subtask2c (UNI-PG, NGL, OPD)            Report on the NMR Workshop           18        18       3            None
       Dissemination and training -
       Workshop on Non-invasive NMR            (Books of Abstracts available on
       and Cultural Heritage comprising        Eu-ARTECH website-restricted
       educational lectures and practical      area)
       guidance exercises with mobile
       NMR equipment.
5      Subtask2c (CNRS-C2RMF)                  Report on the GUPIX course           18        18       3            None
       Training course for PIXE users on
       GUPIX data processing software
6      Subtask2c (ICN, NGL, KIK-               Report on the presentations and      24        24       3            None
       IRPA, UNI-PG, LNEC, UNI-BO)             related publications (ICOM-CC,
       Dissemination of the networking         etc.)
       activity.
7      Subtask2c (UNI-PG, CNRS-                Report on CERC 3 Workshop            24        24       2            None
       C2RMF, UNI-BO, KIK-IRPA)
       CERC 3 Young Chemists‟                  [Extended abstracts on the Eu-
       Workshop.                               ARTECH website]

8      Subtask2c (UNI-PG, CNRS-                Report on RICH programme and         24        24       2            None
       C2RMF) RICH Workshop                    conclusions
       (Research Infrastructures in
       Cultural Heritage).
                   Task 3- Common approaches in the examination and analysis of paintings (Task Leader: NGL)
9      Task 3 (NLG, UNI-PG, ICN,                                                    24        24       4            None
       CNRS-C2RMF) - Workshop on
       the technical examination of            Report on the Workshop
       “Seventeenth-Century Northern
       European Paintings”.
10     Task 3 (CNRS-C2RMF, NGL,                Report on the Seminar                24        24       5            None
       ICN) - Seminar on “The painting
       technique of Matthias Grünewald         (The    Proceedings      will   be
       and his contemporaries”.                published at the end of 2006)

                                       Task 4- Common analytical strategies (Task Leader: OADC)
11     Formation of a working group for                                             24        24       4            None
       the elaboration of common modes
       for exchanging analytical results       Report on the working group
       (Collaboration with MaSC).              formation and first planning



1.3.1-2 Meetings and Workshops held during the reporting period
In addition to the two working group meetings, held during the six-months Consortium meetings, Eu-
ARTECH has promoted and/or co-organised:
- a Workshop on Non-invasive NMR and Cultural Heritage organised by UNI-PG in Perugia on 19-23
September 2005, comprising educational lectures and practical exercises with mobile NMR equipment. A
short report, including the agenda and list of participants to the workshop, is reported in D6.
- a Training course for PIXE users on GUPIX data processing software, organised by CNRS-C2RMF with
the co-operation of the University of Guelph (Canada), in Paris, on October 5th –7th 2005. The course
included theoretical lectures and practical exercise in the AGLAE-PIXE laboratory. A summary report of the
training course is reported in D7.


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- a Workshop on Seventeenth Century Northern European Paintings, at the National Gallery London – 12
December 2005, where the most advanced techniques and studies of painting materials were discussed on
northern European paintings. A summary report is in D11.
- an International Colloquium on the Painting Technique of Matthias Grünewald and his Contemporaries,
held in Colmar, Musée d‟Unterlinden (CNRS-C2RMF) – January 24-26 2006 where the more recent data on
scientific examination of paintings were critically discussed (see deliverable D12).
- the RICH (Research Infrastructures for Cultural Heritage) workshop, NMI3, Trieste, December 12-13,
2005 (http://neutron.neutron-eu.net/n_nmi3/n_networking_activities/rich) where the possible “transversal”
interactions beween different I3 with interests in cultural heritage (Eu-ARTECH, LASERLAB, NMI3, and
IA-SFS) were discussed;
- the CERC3 Young Chemists‟ Workshop on Chemistry for Cultural Heritage: Present and Perspectives,
held in Perugia, December 12-13, 2005.
Eu-ARTECH consortium members presented the N1 Eu-ARTECH objectives and activities in occasion of
several meetings or conferences:
L. Beck (CNRS-C2RMF), J. Salomon, J.C. Dran, T. Guillou, M. Menu, B. Moignard, L. Pichon, S. Röhrs, Ph.
Walter - Transnational access to the Louvre accelerator facility through the EU-ARTECH European project,
36th international symposium on archaeometry (ISA 2006), Québec (Canada) May 2-6 2006
L. Beck (CNRS-C2RMF)- L‟accélérateur AGLAE et l‟accessibilité par Eu-ARTECH, ICOM-CC Metal
working group meeting, Saint-Aubin (France) March 1-2 2006
J.L. Boutaine (CNRS-C2RMF)- The Eu-ARTECH project, Final meeting of the MIP (Metals in Paper)
European project, Newcastle upon Tyne (United Kingdom) January 24-27 2006
J. Salomon (CNRS-C2RMF)- Transnational access to the Louvre IBA facility through the EU-ARTECH
European programme, 24th annual meeting of Dyes in History and Archeology, Liverpool (United Kingdom)
November 3-4 2005
C. Miliani (UNI-PG)- Transnational access to the mobile laboratory, MOLAB, through the Eu-ARTECH
programme: an opportunity for European conservators and scientists, 24th annual meeting of Dyes in History
and Archeology, Liverpool (United Kingdom) November 3-4 2005
A. de Tagle (ICN)- The role of European projects in the development of conservation science in Europe and
particularly the importance of scientific research networks, Meetings with the Mellon Foundation, the New
York University (NYU) and the Museum of Modern Art, MoMA, in New York (April 14th 2006) and with the
National Gallery of Arts and the Library of Congress in Washington, DC, USA (April 18th 2006)
In the following meeting the leaflet of Eu-ARTECH has been distributed, where the developed activities are
described. This usually involved many requests of deepening and information.
I. Karapanagiotis (OADC) - Identification of indigoid natural dyestuffs in art objects by HPLC coupled to
APCI mass spectrometry, 29th International Symposium on High Performance Liquid Phase Separations
and Related Techniques (HPLC 2005), Stockholm (Sweden) June 26-30 2005
M. Mach (BLFD )-Support of preservation of historical monuments activities by Eu-ARTECH, Meeting of
the Working group "Restoration and Materials Science" of the "Vereinigung der Landesdenkmalpfleger",
Köln (Germany), October 20-21 2005
M. van Bommel (ICN), J. Kirby, C. Higgitt, M. Groot Wassink, I. Vanden Berghe, J. Wouters, S.
Sotiropoulou, I. Karapanagiotis, V. de Villemereuil, A. Quye, D. Peggie, H. McNab, C. Grzywacz, C.
Miliani, C. Clementi - What dyes your textile yellow? A weld study, 24th annual meeting of Dyes in History
and Archeology, Liverpool (United Kingdom) November 3-4 2005
S. Sotiropoulou (OADC) - Analytical investigation strategies on organic materials in cultural heritage
objects. Focus on analytical strategies for natural dyestuffs investigations: inter-comparison of
methodologies and evaluation of results, 24th annual meeting of Dyes in History and Archeology, Liverpool
(United Kingdom) November 3-4 2005



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R. Rinaldi (UNI-PG), R. Arletti, L. Cartechini, W. Kockelmann, S. Giovannini, A. Cardarelli - Tools from
Bronze Age dwellings of the second millennium BC, in Italy. A neutron diffraction study, Workshop on
Research Infrastructure for Cultural Heritage – RICH, Trieste (Italy), December 12-13 2005
J. Salomon (CNRS-C2RMF) - Ion beam analysis with the Louvre accelerator: past, present & future, 1st
international workshop on technologies for cultural heritage, Lecce (Italy) December 16-17 2005
R. Rinaldi (UNI-PG), R. Arletti, L. Cartechini, S. Giovannini, W. Kockelmann, A. Cardarelli- Diffrazione
neutronica a tempo di volo applicata allo studio di utensili in bronzo del II Millennio a.C. dalle Terremare, IV
Congresso Nazionale di Archeometria - Scienza e Beni Culturali, Pisa, Italy, February 1, 2006
A. de Tagle (ICN)- The role of scientific research in cultural heritage preservation, Hearing at the European
Parliament, Brussels, February 6, 2006.
P. Dietemann (BLFD)- Studying the aging of natural resin varnishes - Application of electron paramagnetic
resonance spectroscopy and graphite-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry to the problem,
Young chemists' workshop on "Chemistry for the conservation of cultural heritage: present and future
perspectives", CERC3, Perugia (Italy) March 19-22, 2006
E. Joseph (UNI-BO)- FTIR micro-spectroscopy applied to the analysis of painted surfaces, Young chemists'
workshop on “Chemistry for the conservation of cultural heritage: present and future perspective”, CERC3,
Perugia (Italy) March 19-22 2006
J. Wouters (KIK-IRPA)- The Conservation Committee of the International Council of Museums (ICOM-CC):
why young scientists should get connected to this worldwide professional network?, Young chemists'
workshop on "Chemistry for the conservation of cultural heritage: present and future perspectives", CERC3,
Perugia (Italy) March 19-22, 2006
P. Dietemann (BLFD) - Untersuchung der Alterung von Naturharzfirnissen mit "Graphite-assisted Laser
Desorption/Ionization Mass Spectrometry, Annual Meeting of the working group "Archäometrie und
Denkmalpflege" of the German Chemical Society (GDCh), Stuttgart, March 22-25, 2006
R. Mazzeo (UNI-BO)- Micro-FTIR spectroscopy and ATR mapping of the surface and stratigraphic
characterisation of bronze corrosion products, Conference on surface reactivity in minerals, Gargnano (Italy)
April 10-11 2006
J. Kirby (NGL), J. Wouters and I. Van den Berghe (KIK-IRPA)- Universally available standards for the study
of natural organic dyes and pigments will lead to improved diagnosis and lower destructiveness on precious
artefacts, Final meeting of the COST Action G8, Non-destructive analysis and testing of museum objects,
Nicosia (Cyprus) May 18-20, 2006
In addition, some EU-ARTECH researchers have participated in N1 relevant conferences or workshops
during the period covered by this report:
J. Castaing, J. Salomon, S. Röhrs (CNRS-C2RMF) - Ion beam analysis 17, Sevilla (Spain), June 2005
S. Röhrs (CNRS-C2RMF) - Archäometrie und Denkmalpflege, Stuttgart (Germany) March 22-25 2006
J.C. Dran (CNRS-C2RMF)- COST G8 final meeting, Nicosia (Cyprus) May 18-22 2006
Finally a special attention was given to the workshop “COST and Cultural Heritage: crossing borders” –
Florence – October 20-22 2005 (http://www.echn.net/cost-hig/florence2005); during this meeting, exchanges
with the scientific officers in charge of COST projects in connection with cultural heritage have permitted to
identify a series of topics for joint complementary actions.




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Table 4: N1 Meetings and Workshops during the reporting period

     Date                              Title/          Location              Participants                   Notes
                                                                             Contractors
                             subject of event                            / other participants             [Website:
                                                                                  No.             http://www.eu-artech.org ]

   19-23           T1- Subtask 1b – Workshop        Perugia, I         UNI-PG, ICN, OPD, NGL      Agendas and short
 September         Non-invasive NMR and Cultural                                                  reports on Eu-ARTECH
   2005            Heritage and Fifth Colloquium                           Contractors 12       website [D4]
                   on Mobile NMR                                        Other participants 58   Consortium restricted area
                                                                                                  Book of Abstracts available
                                                                                                  on request.

     5-7           T1- Subtask 1b – Training        Paris, F                 CNRS-C2RMF           Agendas     and  short
   October         Course for PIXE Users on                                                       reports on Eu-ARTECH
    2005           GUPIX data processing software                          Contractors 8        website [D5]
                                                                        Other participants 14
                                                                       UNI-PG, CNRS-C2RMF,        Agenda, minutes and
                                                                         NGL, OPD, BLFD,          participants on Eu-
    22             Third N1 Technical Meeting       Paris, F           OADC, ICN, LNEC, KIK-      ARTECH website
 November          Work developed to date and                              IRPA, UNI-BO           Consortium restricted area
   2005            planning for the next months                           [Participants 49]


    12             T3- Examination of paintings     London, UK          NGL, ICN, KIK-IRPA,       Agenda, minutes and
 December          Workshop on “Seventeenth-                           UNI-PG, CNRS-C2RMF         participants on Eu-
   2005            Century Northern European                                                      ARTECH website [D9]
                   Paintings                                               Contractors 18       Consortium restricted area
                                                                        Other participants 21]
    13             T2- Subtask2c – Workshop         Trieste, I         UNI-PG, CNRS-C2RMF         Programme and short
 December          RICH (Research Infrastructures                                                 report on Eu-ARTECH
   2005            in Cultural Heritage)                                   Contractors 2        website [D8]
                                                                        Other participants 21]

    24-26          T2- Subtask2c – Workshop         Colmar, F           CNRS-C2RMF, NGL,          Short report on Eu-
   January         The Painting Technique of                                  ICN                 ARTECH website [D10]
    2006           Matthias Grünewald and his
                   Contemporaries                                         Contractors 15
                                                                       Other participants 105]
    19-22          T2- Subtask 2c - Workshop        Perugia, I         UNI-PG, CNRS-C2RMF,        Agenda, short report,
    March          CERC 3 Young Chemists‟                              ICN, KIK-IRPA,UNI-BO,      and extended abstracts
    2006           Workshop on Chemistry for                             ICVBC, NGL, LNEC,        on Eu-ARTECH website
                   Cultural Heritage: Present and                              BLFD               [D7]
                   Perspectives
                                                                           Contractors 10
                                                                        Other participants 21]

      2-3          Fourth N1 Technical Meeting      Lisbon, P          UNI-PG, CNRS-C2RMF,        Agenda, minutes and
     May           Work developed to date and                            NGL, OPD, BLFD,          participants on Eu-
     2006          planning for the next months                        OADC, ICN, LNEC, KIK-      ARTECH website
                                                                           IRPA, UNI-BO           Consortium restricted area
                                                                          Participants 41



1.3.1-3 Significant achievements during the reporting period and their impact
The activities of N1 during the second year of activities were certainly successful, having had a positive
impact on the scientific community of the field. At the need of the second year, the interchange of
information regarding analytical procedures and data was enhanced, selected external organisations or
institutions were involved in the activities, stronger interactions towards meaningful comparisons of results
among European laboratories were created.
Specifically, positive interconnections with COST G7/G8 (studies on museum objects) and CEN TC-346
(standards in conservation) were consolidated, as well as those with the MaSC Group (analytical research).


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New fruitful contacts for establishing common strategies in organic substance analyses, were also established
with the DHA (Dyes in History and Archaeology) community, the MODHT (Monitoring of the Damage in
Historic Tapestries) project participants, and the IRUG (Infrared and Raman Users Group). Through
cooperation with the CERC3 initiatives, positive impulse was given to the research of young scientists.
Through ICTP (International Center for Theoretical Physics) of Trieste, good premises for positive
encounters with conservators and researchers of Latin-American countries were created. Extra-European
contacts were also established with the GCI (Getty Conservation Institute, US), Chicago Art Institute (US),
and Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York (US).
Regarding Analytical resources, analytical procedures and investigation strategies, workshops dedicated to
the diffusion of the most advanced analytical techniques were organised, open to the whole European
community of scientists and conservators. Numerous researchers participated to the workshops on Non-
invasive NMR and Cultural Heritage and Fifth Colloquium on Mobile NMR, where the most recent
achievements in NMR portable equipment applications (with reference to MOLAB access) were presented
both theoretically and with practical demonstrations on cultural heritage. Besides portable NMR, potential
and actual users of PIXE facilities (as AGLAE) were trained in the use of the more recent version of the
PIXE data processing. All together these meetings were also excellent occasions of diffusion of AGLAE-
MOLAB Transnational Access.
Regarding Common approaches in the examination and analysis of painting, qualified and large attendance
had the workshops on Seventeenth-Century Northern European Paintings and The Painting Technique of
Matthias Grünewald and his Contemporaries, where the most advanced techniques and studies of painting
materials were critically discussed. A special consideration between the different Exchange knowledge and
expertise N1 activities, is needed for the cooperation on CAMEO database, as a positive impact on
international cultural heritage society referred to the sharing of knowledge.
A first standard format for describing analytical protocols for organic substance analyses was designed. The
proposed format was applied to some specific reporting of analytical procedures (protocols) as they are
currently carried out in each laboratory. Then a final standard format for reporting analytical data was
elaborated. This format will serve as a basis for the exchange of information about the shared reference
materials developed in task 2.
Regarding the exchange of common reference materials, there are now 16 dyed textiles (wool and silk) and
12 organic pigments derived from 7 different botanical sources, available for the European laboratories.
These are the most appropriate reference standard materials to be exchanged for a significant
intercomparison of analytical data. Un-dyed wool and silk are available as reference materials as well.



1.3.2 N2 - Methods and materials in conservation
The participants to N2, as well as their role and expertise area, did not change in the 2nd year of activity. As
for the first year, the Responsible for the whole N2 was CNR-ICVBC.


1.3.2-1 Activity Progress
During the 2nd year of activity 2 tasks were developed and carried out as foreseen by the Implementation
Plan:
     Task 1 Cleaning and consolidation methods and materials (resp. CNR-ICVBC)
           o Task 1d - Survey on cleaning and consolidation - Launch
           o Task 1e - Survey on cleaning and consolidation - Collection of data
     Task 2 Good practices (resp.: OPD)
           o Task 2a - Discussion group for cleaning and treatment of bio-deterioration
Task 1d- Multi language Forms




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The FORMS in their English version have been re-structured and 4 surveys “Question Packages” (QP) have
been prepared, according to the different materials: Stones, Metals, Paintings, Mural Paintings.
        - Stone QP: cleaning, consolidation, treatment of biodeteriogens;
        - Metals QP: cleaning;
        - Painting QP: cleaning, treatment of biodeteriogens;
        - Mural Paintings QP: consolidation, treatment of biodeteriogens.
A special sheet for the identification of Compiler and an agreement the to use personal data were provided
(Compiler page).
The English version has been translated into other languages for a better diffusion. The forms (English,
Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, French and Dutch), are available for downloading from the website of the
project (Documents - NA2 Survey Action, directory - FORMS).
Task 1d- Database for the analysis of results of the survey action (DB)
The structure of DB has been revised according to the completion of the packages. The database has been
achieved with the Microsoft Access software, to be easily managed by partners and compilers. The main file
to be filled in, is: Eu-ARTECH_N2 survey.mdb. It contains 5 pages: Stone, Metals, Paintings, Mural
paintings, and the Compiler page. Once filled and released, the database is blocked and cannot be modified.
The data will be transferred from the compiled forms by a single person authorised by the responsible of the
Survey Action.
The demo file is available on the website (Reserved Area: Second Interim Report and Annexes). From the
main menu one can choose among the 4 different Materials: Stone, Metals, Paintings, Mural paintings, to
access a record. One can fill in a new record and save it with the data coming from the compiled paper
forms. The Record contains the main inquiry questions proposed to the compiler and a choice menu allows
one to choose the appropriate answer. For each type of materials two mains parts are envisaged : the first one
relative to the “identification of artefact”, and the second one to “treatments” (Cleaning Form A & B,
Consolidation Form A & B, Treatment of Biodeteriogens Form A & B). Each record contains also the
essential data of the Compiler (Surname, Name, Country, etc).
Task 1d- Dissemination on the survey action.
The activity has been focused on the first appointment with the restorers and conservators that is the launch
of the “exploring” survey action at 14th Triennial Meeting ICOM-CC, 12-16 September 2005, The Hague,
Netherlands.
There is a growing understanding that in order to preserve our Cultural Heritage successfully, it is necessary
to actively involve the public. To promote this dialogue, the theme for the ICOM-CC 2005 Congress has
been: Our Cultural Past – Your Future and, therefore, the ICOM – CC Conference has been chosen as the
ideal platform for the first launch of the Survey Action in the framework of Eu-ARTECH.
Two young researchers of the CNR-ICVBC (B.Sacchi and C.Zerbi) have been appointed of the activity
during the whole Conference week (5 days, 12th-16th sept); many other researchers involved in the Eu-
ARTECH activities, were attending the Congress and have been present also in the Trade Fair area.
Different main actions have been developed relating to:
- reservation and management of a mini-stand at the trade fair next to the Congress, completely devoted to
    promote Eu-ARTECH activities. Some posters have been exposed regarding the Transnational Access
    (MOLAB and AGLAE) and the Joint Research Activity (JRA1 and JRA2) work; an Eu-ARTECH leaflet
    regarding the Project and more specifically the Networking N2 activity has been distributed to the public
    (see Eu-ARTECH_depliant 2005.pdf in the Consortium website);
- establishment of around 100 contacts with different professionals, that have been registered in the List of
    Conservators; the Consortium researchers have explained the general aims of the N2 Survey action,
    collecting the opinion of international conservators about the Forms; many observations on their
    feasibility and clarity were collected and thereafter discussed among the core partners;
- preparation of an editorial space on the newspaper of the ICOM-CC Meeting, one page advertisement
    explaining the three different activities of Eu-ARTECH Project (Networking, Access, Research) and
    particularly on the N2 activity and the Survey on “Cleaning and consolidation methods and materials”. A


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     copy of the newspaper is on the Consortium website. (http://www.eu-artech.org/download/ICOM-
     CC2005-Congress-Newspaper.pdf ).

Task 1d- Set up of a List of conservators
This task revealed to be particularly difficult: all the partners contributed to send some national list of
conservators, but the data are not yet satisfying, due to the privacy‟ rules of the different countries involved,
in fact at the moment, the DB with all personal data cannot be made public and it is published in the reserved
area of Eu-ARTECH website (http://www.eu-artech.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=60
then section “compiler”). A Microsoft Access specific file has been set-up to collect all the contacts details:
Eu-ARTECH_N2 survey_Compiler.mdb. At the end of the second year of activity, the Compilers List is
including 1274 contacts (Partner countries).
                                                                      Table 5: DB “Reference Persons” for the different Eu-ARTECH
                                                                      Partner’s countries

Task 1e – First collection of data
                                                                        Eu-ARTECH         Reference           Eu-ARTECH
First of all, some direct responsible (“Reference                        countries         Person             Participant
Persons”) have been identified for each Partner‟s                        Belgium          J. Wouters           KIK-IRPA
country; in Table 5 the “Reference Persons” are
                                                                          France           D. Robcis         CNRS-C2RMF
listed according to their nationality. This structure
allowed us to manage the diffusion of the                                Germany          M. Kocher               BLfD
“questionnaires” in the different countries and a
                                                                          Greece        S. Sotiropolou           OADC
better control both of the envoy and collecting
phase.                                                                     The             I. Joosten              ICN
                                                                        Netherlands
Within Task 1 OPD Partner contributed decisively
to the activity: beginning from the revision and then                      Italy         A. M. Mecchi         CNR-ICVBC
                                                                                         and D. Pinna
substantially contributing to the finally adopted
forms. At the beginning of the launch phase the                           Portugal         A. Pinto               LNEC
situation of the contacts with restorers and                              United          M. Spring               NGL
conservators was as described in Table 6.                                Kingdom

Table 6: Restorers and conservators contacts inserted in the database

   Partners countries             Records     Non EU Partners             Records            Others Countries               Records
                                  N° 1274        countries                 N° 333                                            N° 16

        1. Belgium                     180         Spain                      269                Argentina                      1

         2. France                     162        Bulgaria                     1                   Brazil                       1

        3. Germany                     200         Croatia                     2                  Canada                        2

         4. Greece                     22         Denmark                     22                   Chile                        1

    5. Netherlands (*)                  -          Finland                     1                   Egypt                        1

          6. Italy                     626          Israel                     1                   Japan                        1

        7. Portugal                    84        Luxemburg                     2                    India                       1

 9. United Kingdom (*)                  -          Malta                      11                  Malaysia                      1

(*) Netherlands and United Kingdom                Norway                       1                 Singapore                      2
didn’t disclose their contacts (privacy’
rules)                                             Poland                      1                  Taiwan                        3

                                                  Romania                     17                    USA                         2

                                                  Sweden                       3

                                                Switzerland                    1



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                                          Hungary                   1

It is important to highlight that for privacy reasons Netherlands and British responsible were not allowed to
pass the list of contacts before their formal, written consent.
Other contacts were collected by the different partners, mainly in Spain. The distribution of the restorers in
other countries is also reported.
An “invitation letter” has been agreed among partners, prepared and signed by the N2 Responsible, M.
Matteini. This letter includes the explanation of the general architecture of Eu-ARTECH project, the
purposes and structure of the Survey Action on “Materials and Methods for Conservation”, the invitation to
participate to the survey; a first form to request the survey Packages.
At the end of the 2nd year 1076 Invitation letters have been sent and we got 177 answers requesting the
Packages for the survey compilation.

Task 1e- Report on survey advancement
The good response of the survey action was due to the availability of all the partners: the distribution of the
Packages and the collection of the different compiled forms was watchfully cared by each “Reference
Person” in his own country. Many partners have translated the survey Forms to manage the action in their
own language. 75 “Stone”, 95 “Paintings”, 86 “Mural Paintings”, 21 “Metals” Packages, have been
distributed before April 2006.
The main effort will be dedicated to get back the compiled forms.
At the end of this process Task 1 Responsible (CNR-ICVBC) will be charged to transfer the collected data in
a cumulative database in English that will be accessible to all the Partners. The structure of the data base
(Eu-ARTECH_N2 survey.mdb) was already set up.
A new sending of the invitation letter will be probably done and some deadlines will be established to end
the first collection of compiled forms within the year 2006.
Task 2a - Set up of discussion panels and interaction scientists-conservators
The identification of good practices in conservation is the main aim of Task 2 starts by the analysis of
curator‟s impasse or difficulty still facing in cleaning and consolidation procedures for different artefacts.
One of the most important tasks of this networking activity is to disseminate a modern “conservation
behaviour” in which the interaction between conservators and scientist becomes a usual and valuable
practice, well established in Europe.
As a first step OPD (Task 2 Responsible) decided to launch an e-Forum on the actual interaction between
restorers and scientists in the field of conservation of works of art.
The intention was to gather information and to point out the successes and the failures of the interaction
between restorers and scientists, in order to identify and discuss problems and thus subjects for future
improvements. Moreover, as the opportunities for broad in-depth discussion between restorers and scientists
are relatively few, the Forum could be a chance for constructive and potentially beneficial communication.
We suggested some specific topics:
   - Impact of conservation science
   - Relationship between restorers and scientists
   - Importance of publications (journals, proceedings of congresses)
   - Participation to meetings, congresses, etc.
   - Relationship between conservation institutions and scientific laboratories.
A mailing list of around 600 European scientists and restorers was set up.
Two letters (see Annex 1 and 2) signed by N2 Activity Convenor, were sent to the mailing list (the first idea
was to manage the e-Forum via e-mail). The N2 will organise the e-Forum as following:


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     -     Creation of a webpage for a Bulletin Board
     -     Registration of participants with ID and Password to access the Forum;
     -     Proposal of the topics for the discussion (see above)
The answers will be published in the Bulletin Board and accessible to all participants.

Task 2a – Interaction scientists-conservators: Seminar on Theory and Practice in Conservation after the
Second Eu-ARTECH Annual Meeting (LNEC, Portugal).
As previously mentioned, the Eu-ARTECH partner LNEC (Portugal) organised, just after the Second Eu-
ARTECH Annual Meeting, an International Seminar entitled “Theory and Practice in Conservation: a
tribute to Cesare Brandi”, Lisbon, May 4th -5th 2006.
As it occurs not often in scientific meetings on conservation, the Seminar had a significant participation of
different professionals in conservation: curators, archaeologists, conservators and scientists. The lectures
forced interesting discussions among the international audience, especially on problems where sometimes
curators, conservators and scientists manifested different points of view, such as the definition and treatment
of patinas or the definition of instruments for decisions during a restoration.
A.Giusti (OPD), presented a lecture dealing with the critical theme of the “irreversibility” of cleaning
operations; C. Acidini, Director of OPD, reviewed the aspects connected to the cleaning and conservation of
“lacunae” in wooden panel, canvas and mural paintings. J. Delgado (LNEC) reported on indicators in the
assessment of compatibility of conservation interventions, a topic directly applicable to consolidation
treatments in stone, mortars, etc, and on the concept of patina with the aim of demonstrating its significance
in cleaning operations, namely in architectural stone surfaces. Many other prestigious speakers presented
specific problems of conservation discussed both from the theoretical and practical points of view.
All the interventions are reported in the Book of Proceedings (520 pages), edited by J.Delgado and J.Mimoso
(LNEC). The Book, distributed to all participants, is available on request.
As witnessed by the large participation, the meeting was very successful. 9 invited lectures and 45 oral
presentations were given. About 200 participants from 18 different countries were registered.
The progress made and the deliverables planned by Eu-ARTECH for the reporting period and their status,
are given in the following Tables 7 and 8.
Table 7: N2 - Specific objectives and progress made during the reporting period

                               Objectives                                    Progress made during the reporting period

                        Task 1 – Cleaning and consolidation methods and materials (Task Leader: CNR-ICVBC)
Task 1d- Survey on cleaning and consolidation                       The launch of the survey action was carried out at meeting,
-launch                                                             conferences, and congresses especially addressed to
-translation of the survey Forms                                    conservators (see ICOM-CC, etc.)
-database structure                                                 Multi language Forms were prepared
Objectives:                                                         A database for the analysis of results of the survey action was
-to create the bases for a large participation of conservators to   prepared.
the survey                                                          A list of conservators to be contacted has been set up.
-to prepare adequate instruments to classify the data from the
survey
Task 1e- Survey on cleaning and consolidation (continuation)        New multi language Forms have been added to those previously
-advances up to first collection of data                            prepared.
                                                                    The structure of the database for the analysis of results of the
Objectives:                                                         survey action has been improved.
-as above                                                           The list of conservators to be contacted has been improved with
                                                                    several new entries.
                                                                    First collection of data was experimented.




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Task 2a (OPD) - Formulation of good practices for cleaning           In the perspective to create a qualified discussion group for
and treatment of bio-deterioration                                   cleaning and treatments for bio-deterioration, a large European
-discussion group for cleaning and treatment of bio-                 workshop on “Theory and practice of conservation” was
deterioration                                                        organised with the participation of curators, archaeologists,
                                                                     conservator/restorers and scientists.
Objectives:
-to create good bases for a critical discussion of the survey data

Table 8: N2 - Outline implementation plan containing tasks, milestones and deliverables achieved during the reporting period
                                                                                                              p/m
 D                Milestones                          Deliverables                  Date       Actual/                Deviation from
                                                                                    due/      Forecast                 the planned
                                                                                    month    Deliv. Date                  work
                                                                                               month
                   Task 1 – Cleaning and consolidation methods and materials (Task Leader: CNR-ICVBC)
                                    Multi language Forms                                          10
12     Task 1d (CNR-ICVBC) -                                                  18         18                                None
       Translation of the survey
       Forms
                                       Database for the analysis of results of                                 6
13     Task 1d (CNR-ICVBC)             the survey action                             18          18                        None
       Data Base structure
                                       Report on the survey action at ICOM-                                    8
14     Task 1d (CNR-ICVBC)             CC                                            18          18                        None
       Survey on cleaning and          Set up of a List of conservators
       consolidation

                                                                                                              10
15     Task 1e (CNR-ICVBC) -           Report on survey advancement                  24          24                        None
       Survey on cleaning and
       consolidation (continuation)
                                       Interactions scientists-conservators:                                   6
16     Task 2a (OPD) - Good            meeting on conservation                       24          24                        None
       practices for cleaning and      methodologies within the Eu-ARTECH
       treatments                      annual meeting



1.3.2-2 Meetings and Workshops held during the reporting period
Two meetings where all of N2 participants collectively discussed the work done in producing the
Multilanguage forms, the structure of the database for the classification of data, the way of disseminating
information at meetings and congresses on conservation, the set-up of the list of conservators, and finally the
modality of improving interactions between conservators and scientists, were held within the general six-
months periodic meeting of Eu-ARTECH (see Table on meetings).
During the reporting period, Eu-ARTECH N2 participants promoted the activity, through presentation or
distribution of leaflets, in the framework of specific conferences and meetings on conservation, such as:
-B. G. Brunetti M. Matteini, L. Pezzati (invited speaker) D. Pinna Session IV, diagnostics IV Keynote
II, MOLAB, a mobile laboratory for in situ non-invasive studies in arts and archaeology; 6 th
International Congress on Lasers in the Conservation of Artworks, LACONA VI, Vienna, AT, 21 - 25
September 2005, http://www.behindscreen.com/lacona6/home/index.htm
- XXI° Convegno internazionale Scienza e Beni Culturali. Bressanone, IT 12th -15th July 2005, Sulle pitture
murali. Riflessioni, conoscenze, interventi;
R.Mazzeo, E. Joseph and C. Dalpiaz The application of FTIR microscopy to the study and conservation
of cultural heritage materials 9th Congress on Environment and Cultural Heritage Chemistry, 8-9 Sept
2005, Bologna-Rimini, Italy http://www.adriacongrex.it/10theuchemsconference/
-14th Triennal Meeting of ICOM-CC, 12-16 September 2005, The Hague, Netherlands;
-3rd Congress of the Italian Group IIC (International Institute for Conservation) Lo Stato dell‟Arte
Palermo, IT, 22-24 Sept 2005;


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-International Seminar Theory and Practice in conservation, a tribute to Cesare Brandi, May 4th -5th
2006, Lisbon, PT. This meeting was very successful with 9 invited lectures and 45 oral presentations.
196 participants from 18 different countries were recorded. Details on the seminar are in Deliverable
D16.
The list of N2 meetings, where Eu-ARTECH was directly involved as organizer or co-organizer, is indicated
in table 9.
Table 9: N2 - Meetings and Workshops during the reporting period

      Date               Title/ subject of event     Location                 Participants                      Notes
                                                                              Contractors
                                                                                  No.               [Eu-ARTECH Website:
                                                                                                    http://www.eu-artech.org CNR-
                                                                                                    ICVBC website :
                                                                                                    http://server.icvbc.cnr.it/N2]
November 21st        N2 Technical Meeting          Paris, F              UNI-PG, CNRS-C2RMF,        Presentations    ppt     and
2005                                                                    NGL, OPD, BLFD, OADC,       minutes, on Eu-ARTECH
                                                                         ICN, LNEC, KIK-IRPA,       website Consortium restricted
                                                                                UNI-BO              area

                                                                            Contractors [49]
        nd
May 2        2006    N2 Technical Meeting          Lisbon, P             UNI-PG, CNRS-C2RMF,        Presentations    ppt     and
                                                                        NGL, OPD, BLFD, OADC,       minutes, on CNR-ICVBC
                                                                         ICN, LNEC, KIK-IRPA,       website Consortium restricted
                                                                                UNI-BO              area

                                                                            Contractors 41
                                                                         UNI-PG, CNRS-C2RMF,        Programme,       list      of
                                                                        NGL, OPD, BLFD, OADC,       participants, and report on
May 4th-5th          Seminar on Theory and         Lisbon , P            ICN, LNEC, KIK-IRPA,       Eu-ARTECH             website
2006                 Prectice in Conservation                                   UNI-BO              Consortium restricted area

                                                                            Contractors 37        Printed Book of Proceedings
                                                                         Total participants [196]   (523 pages)



1.3.2-3 Significant achievements during the reporting period and their impact
In the 2nd year of activity the Group of partners engaged with N2 Tasks have prepared and launched a Survey on
“Cleaning and consolidation methods and materials”.
A List of conservators spread all over Europe has been set-up, including a mailing list with e-mail and addresses.
A database to collect the information that will be gathered from the compilation of the Survey Packages has been
prepared. The Packages, consisting of 4 main Forms according to different Materials (Stone, Painting, Mural
Painting, Metal) have been translated and made available for the downloading on the Eu-ARTECH website.
An invitation letter to participate to the survey action has been agreed among partners and sent from the N2
Convenor to more than 1000 conservators and restorers and related institutions. The phase of collection of
compiled forms is now in progress.
The discussion on the topics of conservation practice has been carried out among consortium members and
members of external institutions, including private conservators. Meetings and conferences have been the theatre
of important discussions. The result is the set-up of the discussion panel about “methods for the evaluation of
conservation treatments: effectiveness, harmfulness and durability” and the launch of an e-Forum about the
interaction between conservators and scientists.




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     1.4.              Transnational Access Activities
During the second year (June 2005/May 2006), transnational accesses have been fully operative and many
successful project‟ measurements have been carried out. Initiatives were also developed to improve the
multi-technique services offered by AGLAE and MOLAB facilities and to ensure the appropriate help to
potential and actual users. In AGLAE non-destructive elemental composition studies were carried out, in the
special environment of the laboratories located in the basement of the Palais du Louvre; in MOLAB access
was offered to the unique collection of portable instrumentations that allowed users to carry out non-
destructive measurements on indoor and outdoor sites

1.4.1 A1 - AGLAE Accélérateur Grand Louvre d'Analyse Élémentaire
AGLAE access activities have now practically achieved their normal status. Indeed, the first year AGLAE
accumulated a large deficit in the amount of access (27 days of beam time instead of the contractual 46, i.e.
11.7% of total available beam time instead of 20%), largely due to the delay with which the contract was
signed. In fact, the first users performed their experiments in September 2004, while the programme
officially started in June 2004. Fortunately during the second year it has been possible to compensate almost
entirely such a deficit, since 62 days have been allocated, corresponding to 26.8% of total beam time. Only 3
days of deficit are presently remaining and they will be easily compensated during the next months.


1.4.1-1 Publicity concerning the opportunities for access to A1
Information on AGLAE access can be easily found in the home page of the Eu-ARTECH website. In
addition, the CNRS-C2RMF home page (http://www.c2rmf.fr/) has a prominent link to Eu-ARTECH.
Call for Proposals, containing information on deadlines, modalities of presentations, forms to be filled, etc.,
were carried out via the Eu-ARTECH website. The deadline had the usual six month cadence (November
2005 and May 2006).
In addition to the website, the possibility for users to have access to the AGLAE facilities has been
publicised at several international conferences or workshops via oral or poster presentations, such as:
- the Triennial ICOM-CC Meeting, The Hague, Nederland (12-16 September 2005)
- Ion Beam Analyses, 2005 Conference, Seville, Spain (June 26-July 2 2005)
- ICOM-CC Metal Group Meeting, St Aubin, France (March 1-2 2006),
- Meeting of the German Archaeological Society, Stuttgart Germany (March 22-25 2006)
- 36th International Symposium on Archaeometry (ISA 2006), Quebec City, Canada (May 2-6 2006)
- COST G8 Ending Meeting in Nicosia, Cyprus (May 18-20, 2006)
Furthermore, e-mail announcement has been spread several times to a large list of conservation scientists and
conservators who are potentially interested by the access programme (see list on the website) .
All together these methods succeeded in penetrating the entire European cultural heritage scientist‟s
community in Europe.


1.4.1-2 Selection Procedure
The proposals were evaluated by the AGLAE Peer Review International Committee, constituted of: Prof.
Annemie Adriaens, Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of Ghent, Belgium; Prof. Aurelio
Climent-Font, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid; Dr. Patrick Trocellier, Research Center of Atomic Energy
Commission (CEA), Saclay, France and Dr. Jean-Claude Dran, as representative of AGLAE. The PR
Commmitte meeting was tentatively held in connection with the Eu-ARTECH general meetings, but it turned



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out that each time at least one member could not be present and thus the final selection of projects needed
exchange of emails with absent members.
The last evaluation meeting aimed at reviewing the proposals for the period June-November 2006, has taken
place on May 15th, 2006 at CNRS-C2RMF in Paris. All members were present.
 Table 10: A1 –Summary selection Panel activities during the reporting period (AGLAE PRC)

        Date                    Selection         Location                                          Projects
                                meetings                                                         N° & Countries
                                                                                           Submitted                          Selected *
                           th
November 2005            4 AGLAE –PRC         (via e-mail)             10          Italy 5 Germany 1, Spain 1,                 4
                         Pre- Meeting                                              Romania 1, Austria 1, UK [1]
May 15th 2006            5th AGLAE –PRC       C2RMF, Paris, F          10          Spain [1], Germany 1, Italy 4,                7
                         Meeting                                                   Austria 1, Romania 1, UK 1,
                                                                                   Belgium [1]
(*) The projects have been classified: each referee of the PRC gives A, B and C after the various criteria retained.

At the first deadline (November 2005) 10 proposals were received (see table 10) originating from Italy (5
proposals), Spain, Austria, Germany, Romania and UK (1 proposal for each country) corresponding to a total
of 52 days of beam time. 5 were new proposals. 8 projects were accepted, 4 new ones and 4 which were the
continuation of previous experiments. One of the accepted projects (Bertoncello et al. ) was delayed to the
second semester. A new project (Petrache et al.) was rejected for lack of clarity and another project
(Constantinescu et al.) although positively evaluated could not be performed because of shortage of beam
time. The total of allocated beam time was 29 days.
At the second deadline (May 2006) 10 proposals were received, originating from Italy (4 proposals), Spain,
Austria, Germany, Romania, UK and Belgium (1 proposal for each country) corresponding to a total of 37
days of requested beam time. 5 proposals were new ones and 5 the continuation of previous experiments. All
proposals were positively evaluated by the Peer Review Committee, but beam time could be allocated to
only 7 projects, among which 4 new ones. The 3 remaining projects will receive beam time the following
semester.


1.4.1-3 Access activity during the reporting period
A total of 69 days was allocated to access activity, corresponding to 27% of the AGLAE available time. This
corresponds to 17 experiments (see tables 4 and 5) and a one-day tutorial session for data acquisition and
processing in PIXE mode (see GUPIX school described in the deliverable D7). On the average, each
experiment received 3.9 days. The experiments were
performed on 15 projects, among whom 2 had 2 runs.
                                                                                                 Evolution of TNA
The scientific teams belonged to 9 different countries,
namely Italy (5 teams), Austria (2 teams), Belgium,
                                                                       70
Germany, Greece, Norway, Romania, Spain and U. K. (1                                        69                        1st year
team each).                                                            60
                                                                                                                      2nd year

In the figure, a synoptic view is given of the activities of           50



the second year compared to those of the first. The                    40


increase of the number of experimental runs, of the                     30
                                                                                    27
scientific teams who received beam time, and of the                                                      17
different countries to which they belonged is clearly                   20
                                                                                                                       15
indicated.                                                              10
                                                                                                     8
                                                                                                                                     9
                                                                                                                  7
The amount of days, the scientific field of the projects and                0
                                                                                                                                 4
                                                                                Days TNA
the scientific achievements are summarised in the                                             Nb runs
                                                                                                            Nb teams
following Table 11.                                                                                                      Nb countries




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In the AR2 period 17 beam time runs were given to 14 research teams which carried out 15 different
projects.
Table 11: A1 – Project achievements
Amount       Scientific field          Acronym/Project Title          User-Project Objectives                     Achievements
   of
access
 (days)


    5        Archaeological        VOLOS            GOLD:           Trace element analysis of the       Differentiating      groups    with
             gold                  Provenance of gold from          gold fragments to find the          different       trace      elements
                                   Kasanaki tombs                   gold's provenance                   compositions
   3         Glass                 NOSTETANGEN GLASS:               Differentiating glass types         Identification of different types of
                                   Glass chandeliers from           used at the Nostetangen             glass used for chandeliers
                                   Nostetangen                      glassworks
  5+3        Ceramics              LUSTRE: Luster ceramics          Characterisation            of      Glaze and lustre composition of
                                   from Seville                     archaeological luster ceramics      Hispano-Islamic ceramics
(2 runs)
 5+3         Botanical             HERBARIUM: Analysis of           Evaluation of the potential         Determination of the As, Pb, Hg
             collections           hazardous organic and            health danger of the handling       contamination of herbarium paper
(2 runs)                           inorganic residues applied       of dried botanical collections      sheets
                                   to       dried    botanical
                                   collections
    5        Musical               VIOLIN            VARNISH:       echnological differences of         Identifying varnish layers on
             instruments           Elemental       analysis    of   some workshops in applying          samples from different workshops
                                   historical violin varnishes      varnish
    5        Ceramics              MAJOLICA: Study of               Insight on techniques         of    Specificities in composition of
                                   materials and techniques of      production of majolica              glazes of Italian majolica
                                   lustered majolica
    3        Glass                 STAINED GLASS: Study             Attribution of glass fragments      Identification of two different
                                   of stained glasses from a        to certain production side i.e.     types of glass natron glass and
                                   paleo-Christian church of        local or imported production        vegetal ashes glass
                                   Friuli
    3        Glass                 GLASS        CORROSION:          Feasibility study of extracted      Determination of hydrated glass
                                   Non-destructive evaluation       beam ERDA on corroded               surface layer after an acid attack
                                   of the corrosion of glass        glass samples
                                   objects and enamels
    3        Pigments              IONOLUMINESCENCE:                Improve       the      analytical   Compilation of a IBIL database
                                   Ion       beam    induced        capabilities of IBIL in the         for materials of cultural heritage
                                   luminescence (IBIL) for          field of cultural heritage
                                   cultural heritage
    5        Glass                 SOL GEL: Study of sol-gel        Development of protective           Determination of sol-gel layer
                                   protective for ancient glass     coatings for glasses and            thickness after different sol-gel
                                                                    enamels                             preparation methods
    4        Archaeological        VISIGOTHIC          GOLD:        Trace element analysis of the       Differentiating      groups    with
             gold                  Micro-PIXE studies on            gold fragments in order to          different       trace      elements
                                   Visigothic “Pietroasa” gold      find the gold's provenance          compositions
                                   hoard objects
    5        Archaeological        OBSIDIAN: Neolithisation         Elemental      analysis      of     Specificities in knowledge of the
             stone                 and obsidian circulation in      obsidian in order to find           preferred obsidian type used in
                                   Western       Mediterranean      correlations with certain types     early Neolithic Sardinia
                                   occidental : early phase of      of artefacts and to determine
                                   Sardinian Neolithic              the provenance
    2        Drawing               METAL                POINT       Insights on the safe range of       Series of Hadernpaper after being
                                   DRAWING:           Damage        beam     parameters    before       bombarded by protons under
                                   evaluation for Micro-PIXE        damage occurs on prepared           various conditions, to be aged
                                   used for the analysis of         rag paper                           artificially
                                   metal point drawings


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    5        Improvement           INTERNAL             PIXE    Development of a new              Test series of standard solution
             of accuracy           STANDARDS:          µPIXE    quantitative analytical method    droplets on different paper and
                                   analyses of elements in      for inorganic elements in an      parchment supports
                                   paper, parchment and wood.   organic matrix.
                                   A feasibility study
    5        Metal                 BRONZE PATINA: Study         Better understanding of the       will be done in May 2006
                                   of antique bronze patina     properties of antique bronze
                                                                patinas e.g. colour, resistance



1.4.4-4 Scientific output and research results obtained by the user-projects
The first project VOLOS GOLD (V. Adrymi-Sismani-Project Leader) in June 2005 was concerned with the
analysis of gold foils and objects coming from the tomb of Akrotiki in Greece. 18 objects were analyzed by
PIXE and PIGE; furthermore 6 objects were analyzed by PIXE-XRF, a variant of XRF enabling a better
limit of detection for Pt. Groups of objects with different trace elements compositions were recognized.
The project NOSTETANGEN GLASS in June 2005 dealt with the study of glass chandeliers from the
Nostetangen Glassworks factory in Norway by PIXE and PIGE. A. Björke (Project Leader) has brought the
objects to AGLAE. 110 spectra were acquired in this run. Different types of glass used for chandeliers were
identified.
LUSTRE project used the PIXE and RBS techniques to analyse the lustered ceramics from Triana/Seville,
Spain. In this project specific techniques of the ceramic workshops of Triana were identified through the
study of archaeological objects. Since the luster layer was inhomogeneous, beside point analyses, mappings
were also made.
Results of this and earlier runs were presented to the IBA 2005 Conference in Seville and will be published
in the proceedings: A. Polvorinos, J. Castaing, M. Aucouturier- Metallic nano-particles distribution in lustre
glazed ceramic from the 15th century in Seville- Submitted to NIM-B and accepted for publication.
To insure the security of curators dealing with dried botanical collections the content of hazardous inorganic
elements of a herbarium (HERBARIUM) was analyzed. V. Purewal and B. Colston (Colston, Project
Leader) have brought herbarium samples from the National Museum of Wales which were analyzed by PIXE
(points and mappings). The aim of this study is to find an easy way and accessible to every museum to
estimate the hazardous potential of these collections, e.g. by utilizing UV-light. The As, Pb and Hg
contamination of the herbarium paper sheets was determined.
A project concerning violin varnishes (VIOLIN VARNISH) was carried out by A. von Bohlen (Project
Leader). On small wood/varnish samples µPIXE mappings were done to estimate from the elemental
distribution the presence of multiple varnish layers applied by the Italian Masters of string instruments of the
18th century. The publication of these results is in preparation.
Continuing the work on the ceramic workshop of Mastro Giorgio G. Padeletti (Project Leader) has analysed
(MAJOLICA) two objects from the Town Museum of Gubbio, Italy and two objects from the Louvre
museum. PIXE and RBS were used to get more data concerning the Gubbio lustered ceramics production.
As above mentioned, the measurements led to the following publication: G. Padeletti, G.M. Ingo, A.
Bouquillon, S. Pages-Camagna, M. Aucouturier, S. Roehrs, P. Fermo-First-time observation of Mastro
Giorgio masterpieces by means of non-destructive technique, Appl. Phys. A83, 475, 2006.
Another project (STAINED GLASS) dealt with the analyses of excavated glasses from the site of San
Martino di Ovaro (north-eastern Italy). The samples belonging to different periods of this site, a paleo-
Christian church (5th–10th centuries) and a market place (12th-16th centuries), were brought by A. Zucchiatti
(Project Leader). 142 points were measured by PIXE to attribute these glasses to different production periods
or production centres.
In a project on corrosion of historical glasses submitted by M. Schreiner (Project Leader) a feasibility test
was made with altered glass samples (GLASS CORROSION). Non-vacuum ERDA was used to estimate the


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thickness of the hydrated layer on the surface of a reference glass. The samples were analysed by M. Maeder
and were also studied by other methods like 15N-NRA in another laboratory.
The last experiment carried out in the first semester of the AR2 period concerned ion beam induced
luminescence (IONOLUMINESCENCE) and its application to the field of cultural heritage. A wide range of
pigments and varnish materials were analyzed by A. Quaranta (Project Leader) to gain a better understanding
of the process and to find the best experimental parameter for ion beam induced luminescence spectroscopy.
A database containing IBIL spectra is acquired.
Results have been reported in an international conference and will be published in the proceedings: A.
Quaranta, J. C. Dran, J. Salomon, J. C. Pivin, A. Vomiero, M. Tonezzer, G. Maggioni, S. Carturan, G. Della
Mea - Analysis of art objects by means of Ion Beam Induced Luminescence - Proceedings 19th Nuclear
Physics Divisional Conference, NPDC19, New Trends in Nuclear Physics Applications and Technology,
Pavia, 5-9 September 2005.
A project (SOL-GEL) aiming at developing a protective sol-gel coatings for ancient glasses and enamels
conducted by R. Bertoncello (Project Leader) received the opportunity of a second run in view to determine
the thickness of sol-gel layers by RBS. The users obtained interesting results on the effects of the catalyst
used for the production of the protective coating and on the effect of weathering on the thickness and
stability of this coating. These results were compared with results obtained in a previous run carried out in
the AR1 period.
The study has been reported in an article: R. Bertoncello, L. Milanese, J.-C. Dran, A. Bouquillon, C. Sada-
Sol-gel deposition of silica films on silicate glasses: influence of the presence of lead in the glass or in
precursor solution, Journ. Non-Cristal. Solids, in the press
Trace element analysis of the gold from Visigothic “Pietroasa” gold hoard was performed in order to get
insights on the gold's provenance (VISIGOTHIC GOLD). Therefore PIXE mappings and spot measurements
were done. It was possible to distinguish groups with different trace element compositions. Worth
mentioning is the discovery of Ta inclusions in the gold of a Germanic fibulae. This project led by B.
Constantinescu already received beam time in the period AR1.
Elemental analysis of Sardinian obsidian by PIXE (OBSIDIAN) aimed at determining the provenance and at
finding correlations with certain types of artefacts, was performed by C. Lugliè (Project Leader) and co-
workers. Specificities in knowledge of the preferred obsidian type used in early Neolithic Sardinia were
obtained.
A project (METAL POINT DRAWING) for access to AGLAE submitted by R. Golser (Project Leader)
intends to determine the best experimental parameters for the analysis of metal point drawings to avoid
damage by the incident beam. In the run performed, a series of samples of Hadernpaper was bombarded with
protons under various conditions, to check the absence of visible damage on the drawings which will be
analysed. The project already received beam time in the AR1 period.
A. von Bohlen (Project Leader) got a second run in the AR2 period for a new project (INTERNAL PIXE
STANDARD). His objective is to obtain more quantitative PIXE measurements in organic matrices like
paper, wood or fabrics, by using internal standards. A series of tests was performed, using droplets of
calibrated solution mixed with ink on different paper and parchment supports. The validity of the such an
approach will be verified by chemical analysis of the treated paper samples.
B. Colston (Project Leader) and V. Pureval received a second run in the AR2 period to complete their
investigations on dried botanical collections by PIXE (HERBARIUM-2). A large database has now been
built on the potentially hazardous elements contained by their collection.
The projects headed by A. Polvorinos on lustered ceramics (LUSTRE-2) got a second run in the AR2 period
(the third run in total). In this run ceramics from Cordoba, Andalusia were analysed by PIXE and RBS to
complete the knowledge on the Iberian the lustre production techniques of the 13th-15th century.
A project (BRONZE PATINA) aimed to better understand the properties of antique bronze patinas e.g.
colour, resistance has been submitted by D. Strivay (Project Leader) . The PIXE and RBS techniques will be
used to analyse samples during a run scheduled at the end of May 2006.

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1.4.1-5 User meetings
The first AGLAE-MOLAB Users Meeting was held on November 2005 at C2RMF, in Paris. 74 participants
were present, originating from 11 European countries: Italy, France, UK, Portugal, Netherlands, Czech
Republic, Germany, Belgium, Spain, Greece, and Malta.
Several invited talks were given. M. Menu and J. Salomon presented respectively an overview of the CNRS-
C2RMF activities and of the AGLAE facility. Five presentations were also given by AGLAE users
illustrating the work carried out in the preceding period. They were:
   A. Polvorinos Del Rio (University of Seville, Spain) “Analysis of lustered ceramics from the Triana
       workshop in Seville”
   G. Padeletti (ISMN-CNR, Roma, Italy) “First-time observation of Mastro Giorgio masterpieces by
       means of non-destructive techniques.”
   A. Von Bohlen (Institute for Analytical Sciences, Dortmund, Germany) “Violin varnishes – material
       analysis using µPIXE”
   R. Bertoncello (University Padova, Italy) “Lead silicate glasses protected by silica coatings”
   M. F. Guerra (CNRS-C2RMF, Paris, France) “Etruscan gold work from the Campana‟s collection
       (Louvre Museum) : manufacture techniques and identification of 19th century restorations and
       pastiches”
During the User Meeting, besides the presentations of the scientific works developed through AGLAE,
organisation and logistic of the service were discussed.

1.4.2 A2 - MOLAB Mobile Laboratory
A large fraction of the historical European patrimony consists of monuments, sculptures, buildings, etc., i.e.
of objects that cannot be moved from their location: this implies that any non-invasive study of these objects
must be carried out in-situ through portable instrumentation. In addition, even in the case of movable
patrimony (paintings, ceramics, gems, manuscripts, etc.) in most cases is difficult, if not impossible, to move
them into a laboratory, because the risks and costs connected with their transportation are too high.
The MOLAB (Mobile Laboratory) consists of network of infrastructures located in Italy (UNI-PG, CNR-
ICVBC/INOA, and OPD) providing a coherent access, under a unified management structure, to a set of
portable equipment and related competences, for in-situ non-destructive measurements to be carried out for
artwork studies and/or evaluation of conservation-restoration methods, directly in a museum room, or on the
scaffold of a restoration workshop or in an archaeological site.
Access is based on approved proposal for the experiments (= projects) - submitted in writing by an user
group Leader and evaluated by a users selection panel (= Peer Review Committee) - carried out in-situ
together with the help of the MOLAB experienced researchers and technicians, through several advanced
“portable” instrumentation.
The MOLAB peculiarity is that:
- the user does not move to the infrastructure, but is the instrumentation (ideally, the joint infrastructure) that
is moving to the site where the user is working;
- a pool of several different high-performance and well integrated portable experimental techniques is
available (the use of a single technique has obvious limitations).
- the service founded by the Community, without any expenses for users, includes a moving équipe is
composed by 1-3 MOLAB scientists with competences on materials and methods in conservation and by 1-2
technicians accompanying the instrumentation;
- teaching modules on the characteristics of the instrumental devices are preceding any measurement, to
ensure safe and correct use by the users;
-the users are carrying out the measurements in-situ, with the help of the MOLAB operators;




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-operators concur: a) to assemble in-situ the various part of the instrumentation(s); b) to help in carrying out
the measurements; c) to interpret and discuss the results with the users.
After two years of activity MOLAB has become a sort of exemplary “model” for several countries and
mobile laboratories and instrumentations have become more popular among the community of scientists and
scholars. This is due to the large resonance of the successful studies already carried out by MOLAB (see the
case of the study of the Leonardo‟s Vergin of Rocks), the MOLAB successful solution of conservation
problems (see the intervention on the silverpiece of Apsley House in London), the opportunity offered by
MOLAB to researchers of less favourite countries, etc.
For MOLAB second year interventions seven experiments are carried out (well behind the five planned) with
interventions and experiment measurements in Spain (Huesca), United Kingdom (London and Cambridge),
Greece (Crete), Romania (Putna), Czech Republic (Brno).


1.4.2-1 Publicity concerning the opportunities for access to A2
The deadline of call for proposals had a six month cadence (November 2005 and May 2006).
The MOLAB calls were distributed mainly via the Eu-ARTECH website (dedicated area). Information
specifically includes:
    - Who can apply
    - How to apply
    - The EU support (the access services are free of charge for users)
    - Call for Proposals, Deadlines (2 calls for proposals per year)
    - Application Form
    - Description of the structure and services of the research infrastructure, including the composition of
        the different facilities, the partner team involved and the accessible instrumentation, together with
        the list and properties of the advanced equipment available for in-situ measurements
    - After project end useful Info (User‟ meetings, EU publications rules, etc.)
The UNI-PG (SMAArt) , CNR-ICVBC, OPD and CNR-INOA web-pages contain links to Eu-ARTECH.
In addition, the possibility for users to have access to MOLAB facilities as well of performances of the
MOLAB facilities has been presented at international conferences or workshops via lectures or posters, some
of them already mentioned before, such as:
- EMRS, European Material Research Society Conference, Strasbourg,, F, June 2005; invited conference:
Study and conservation of artworks by European transnational access;
-19th Colloquium on High Resolution Molecular Spectroscopy, Salamanca, ES, September 2005; invited
lecture: Science for the study and conservation of artworks;
-Triennial ICOM-CC Meeting, The Hague, Netherlands, September 2005; poster: Transnational access to
the mobile facility MOLAB: an opportunity for the European conservators and scientists;
- LACONA VI, Lasers for the conservation of artworks, Vienna, September 21st-25th, 2005; title: MOLAB: a
European mobile laboratory for in situ non-invasive studies of artworks http://www.lacona6.at
-International Meeting- COST and Cultural Heritage: Crossing Borders, Firenze, I, October 20th-22nd, 2005;
invited lecture: Transnational Access for the study and conservation of artworks - The case of Eu-ARTECH;
-Salone del Restauro 2006, Ferrara, April 2006, (invited lecture): Grandi sorprese dalla riflettografia IR
sulla Vergine delle Rocce di Londra;
- 7th European Commission Conference "Saveur", Prague, May 31-June 2nd 2006; title: MOLAB (Mobile
Laboratory): a Transnational Access service for in-situ non-invasive studies of the European cultural
heritage.
Furthermore, e-mail announcement has been spread several times to a large list of conservation scientists and
conservators who are potentially interested by the access programme (see list on the website).


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All together these methods succeeded in penetrating the entire European cultural heritage scientist‟s
community in Europe.


1.4.2-2 Selection Procedure
The MOLAB Peer Review Committee (PRC) consists of four members, one of whom is affiliated to the
MOLAB institutes and three are external experts, recognised for their expertise on chemical and physical
applications to the conservation of cultural heritage. The composition of the MOLAB user selection panel is
given in Annex 2. No change in its composition occurred in the reporting period.
During the MOLAB second year, the Committee evaluated proposals 2 times (see Table 12). The two PRC
meetings were held in Paris on Nov. 2005 (9 proposals were evaluated) and in Lisbon on May 2006 (5
proposals), in occasion of the two General Meetings of Eu-ARTECH (Second Interim and Second Annual
Meetings).
Table 12: A2 - Summary selection Panel activities during the reporting period (MOLAB PRC)

      Date                  Selection           Location                                       Projects
                            meetings
                                                                       Submitted              Countries                  Selected
                                                                          N°                                                N°

 November           4th MOLAB-PRC         Paris, FR                       9        Portugal [2], Bulgaria, Italy,             6
 21st 2005          Meeting                                                        Greece,   Turkey,  UK     [2],
                                          CNRS-C2RMF (Flore                        Germany.
                                          Pavilion, Palais du
                                          Louvre)
 May 3rd,           5th MOLAB-PRC         Lisboa, P                       5        Netherlands, Portugal, UK, Spain,          3
 2006               Meeting                                                        Norway
                                          Laboratorio Nacional
                                          de Engenharia Civil
                                          (Avenida Brasil, 101)

Proposals submitted to the MOLAB-PRC were evaluated following the principle of scientific excellence and
transparency (subsequent the prescriptions of Annex III of the contract, Article III.6.6) and MOLAB
feasibility and the suitability. During the PRC meeting, each project is discussed in detail; after the
discussion of all proposals, they are ranked according to the average mark they received. In terms of possible
limited TA, priority is always given to user groups who:
- have not previously used the infrastructure, and
- are working in countries where no such research infrastructures exist,
and additional positive marks are give to user groups who:
- diversified MOLAB applications, such as wide-ranging of objects, materials and techniques, different area
and century, etc.
- demonstrate, even in the case of movable patrimony (paintings, ceramics, gems, manuscripts, etc.) the
difficulty or impossibility to move them (high risks and costs connected with their transportation), and
- are chaired by a woman scientist.
In case a proposal is rejected the applicants receive a letter with detailed information on the scientific-
technical or eligibility reasoning for not accepting the proposal. Often the proposers are invited to resubmit a
revised proposal.
At the 4th MOLAB-PRC meeting (Paris) on 9 presented projects, 6 were selected and at the 5th PRC meeting
(Lisbon), on 5 presented projects, 3 were selected (see Table 13).




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Table 13: A2 – MOLAB PRC Selected projects during the reporting period

 N°        Project Acronym                         Project Title            User group                    Affiliation            Country
                                                                               Leader
                                                           4th MOLAB-PRC meeting
 1      CARAVAGGIO                     A technical experiment of the           R.Contini       M   Gemäldegalerie,                  DE
                                       paintings: Amor Vincit Omnia by                             Staatliche Museen       zu
                                       Caravaggio, Portrait of a Lady                              Berlin
                                       (Dorotea) and Reclining nude of a
                                       woman in a landscape (Cerere) by
                                       Sebastiano del Piombo
 2      SILVER                         Investigation of Silver Tarnish Risk    D. Thickett     M   English Heritage                 UK
                                       and Remaining Protection Afforded
                                       by Lacquers
 3      EVORACAP                       Casas Pintadas de Évora                 I. Ribeiro      F   Instituto Português de           PT
                                                                                                   Conservação e Restauro
                                                                                                   (Portuguese Institute for
                                                                                                   Conservation          and
                                                                                                   Restoration), Lisbon
 4      POLIDORO                       Drawing and colour in designing a       N. Spinosa      N   Soprintendenza Speciale          IT
                                       painting: Polidoro artwork in                               per il Polo Museale di
                                       Capodimonte                                                 Napoli
 5      PARCH                          Comparative characterization of         I.      Abreu   F   National          Archives       PT
                                       two illuminated medieval codex of       Correia             Institute,Torre do Tombo
                                       the 12th century and damage
                                       assessment of the parchment support
 6      PENCONDRILL                    In-situ    identification   of   the    N. Maravelaki   F   25th     Ephorate      of        GR
                                       penetration depth of consolidants on                        Prehistoric and Classical
                                       bioclastic limestones through micro-                        Antiquities, Ministry of
                                       drilling measurements                                       Culture (25th EPCA)
                                                           5th MOLAB-PRC meeting

 1      VBooWoo                        Art technological research toward       H. Janssen      M   Gemeentemuseum,       Den        NL
                                       the Victory Boogie Woogie (1942-                            Haag
                                       1944) by Piet Mondriaan
 2      XANTO                          Study of the composition and            S. Higgot       F   Wallace        Collection,       UK
                                       structure of lustred decorations on                         Manchester        Square,
                                       original     Italian    Renaissance                         London
                                       lusterware at the Wallace Collection
 3      ES.SER                         Study of surface layers and other       A. Masalles i   M   Restoration         and          ES
                                       substances applied in the past on the   Rivera              Preventive Conservation
                                       Parian and Pentelic marbles of the                          Department.       Museu
                                       Greek sculpture of Esculapio from                           Nacional    d‟Art    de
                                       Empúries (Girona): control of                               Catalunya Barcelona
                                       cleaning methodologies



1.4.2-3 Access activity during the reporting period
The first MOLAB intervention of the second year was in June 2005, at the Moravian Gallery in Brno (Czech
Republic) for LAMPI advanced experiment (selected at the first year last call) proposed by a team chaired
from D. Hradil of the Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, IIC, on the painting technique of Johann Baptist
Lampi, father and son, from the 19th century collection. The project‟ objective was the finding of possible
modalities to verify their authorship through materials and techniques. The LAMPI user group besides
researchers from IIC, included also young researchers from the Academy of Fine Arts in Prague and the
Moravian Gallery of Brno. The Moravian Gallery in Brno is the 2nd largest gallery in the Czech Republic. In
the intervention 4 MOLAB UNI-PG operators were involved for 5 days, for a total number of 20 person-
days. In a separate intervention, 3 MOLAB CNR-INOA operators carried out measurements by IR-colour
scanner and micro-profilometry for a total number of 15 person-days.


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In September 2005, at the Museum of Putna Monastery, Suceava County, Romania, MOLAB was used on
PUTNA project, to investigate manuscripts, miniatures and precious metal bindings. In particular, two
illuminated Romanian medieval manuscripts were selected for testing: the Four Gospels Book of Humor
(1473), and the Four Gospels Anonymous Book from the time of Prince Stephen the Great and Prince
Bogdan, the Third (1504-1507). They are considered masterpieces of the Moldavian art, at the end of 15th
century and the beginning of the 16th century. Objective of the project was the characterisation of materials
for a possible comparison with materials and techniques used by other contemporary artists in Europe. User
group leader was M. Lupu, scientist of the National Art Museum of Romania, Bucharest, with some co-
workers from the same institution, scientists from the National Research Laboratory for Conservation and
Restoration of Mobile Cultural Heritage, Bucharest and, finally, the conservator of the Museum of Putna
Monastery. In the interventions, 5 MOLAB operators were involved for a total number of 45 person days.

In December 2005, MOLAB was employed on a Non-invasive study of materials from paintings by Cezanne
and Renoir (CEZANNE project) at the Courtauld Institute Art Gallery, in London.
Aim of CEZANNE was to investigate the painting technique of the two great painters, verifying the potential
and limitations of non-invasive techniques (XRF, mid-FTIR, near-IR,…) for the characterisation of the
modern inorganic pigments and organic materials of the impressionists and post-impressionists. User Group
leader was A. Burnstock of the Laboratory of Conservation and Technology of the Courtauld Institute of Art,
London. Two other users were from the Courtauld Institute of Art and one was on leave from the Instituut
Collectie Nederlands. 4 MOLAB operators were helping users in the measurements and interpretation of
data, corresponding to a total number of 20 person days.
The fourth MOLAB service was held in January 2005, at the Apsley House in London (UK). The SILVER
experiment consisted in an investigation of silver tarnish risk and remaining protection afforded by lacquers
on a big centrepiece (8m x 1.5m x 0.4m) of the 19th century. Objective of the study was to give solution to
problems concerning conservation of silver metal pieces. The surfaces of the Apsley House silver centre-
piece had few years ago a cellulose nitrate lacquer (Frigilene) applied to reduce the tarnish rate. However,
application by brush left several gaps in the lacquer that have tarnished rapidly. Since three coats of lacquer
were applied, the presence of gaps was unexpected and confirmation was considered extremely useful for
extending the phenomenon to possible other cases. Moreover, it is known that the lacquer deteriorates and
loses its protective properties with time. The actual rate of deterioration depends on the environment that the
lacquer is in and there is no accepted, scientifically based period for re-lacquering. Determining the degree of
deterioration of the lacquer in situ on the centre piece was considered fundamental to determining the
lacquers remaining useful lifetime, putting it in relation with the external heavy traffic environment. Finally,
it is known that silver alloy composition has a major effect on the tarnish rate. A single assay test was
already performed on a small sample from the centrepiece, giving a silver concentration of approximately
91%, with copper forming the majority of remainder. Non-destructive in-situ measurements was considered
essential to determine whether the composition varies over the many components of the centre piece. All
these conclusions should give relevant information not simply for the case studied, but for general problems
of silver metal conservation. User group leader was D.Thickett of the English Heritage Organisation. Other
users were from English Heritage and Birkbeck College of London. UNI-PG MOLAB operators were 5. In
total 23 person days were spent helping users to carry out appropriate measurements and to interpret data.

The fifth MOLAB work (M&M project) was carried out at the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge (UK).
Objective of the project was to establish possible connections between the painting technique (pigments and
binders) of the illuminations of the Psalter Manuscript (East Anglia, c. 1330), conserved at the Fitzwilliam,
Museum and that of an East Anglian altarpiece (Thornham Parva Retable, c. 1335). Infact, stylistic
considerations suggested analogies. The pigments identified in the Macclesfield Psalter included – carbon
black, chalk, lead white, azurite, a copper green, three lakes (probably kermes, madder and saffron) as well
as burnished, flat and Mosaic gold. Perhaps surprisingly, no ultramarine, indigo or vermilion were found in
the illuminations. Vermilion was, however, employed in rubrication. The black ink was found to be an iron
gall ink with an unusually high level of zinc. The Trinity Bede has fewer illuminations, but apparently the
same palette. Its text is executed by a number of different scribes and it was interesting to note that an iron


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gall ink with the same high level of zinc was present in some folios. The medium used in the illuminations
could not be identified with certainty, but the possible use of gum was suggested. FTIR identified
proteinaceous peaks that may be associated with the parchment or with glue as a binder, and additional peaks
that could be associated with gum. The UV-visible fluorescence of binder was significantly different from
that of the parchment. The level of fluorescence associated with binder was also greater in more transparent
paint passages. It was of interest to note that the spectra for the binder in painted passages were very similar
to those for the adhesive used for gilding. Possible analogies with the Thornham Parva Retable will be
deepened in the next future. User Group Leader was S. Bucklow from the Hamilton Kerr Institute of the
University of Cambridge. 6 MOLAB operators (UNI-PG) were present for a total number of 26 person days.

The sixth intervention, SPASTONE project, was at Huesca (Spain) and consisted of the analysis of
polychromies and of the effects of consolidation in the stones of the façades of the Cathedral and Provincial
Museum of Huesca. The cathedral of Huesca is an outstanding representative of the Spanish gothic art. Its
fine façade, built in the 14th century, shows a sculptural group of apostles carved in sandstone and a
polychromatic tympanum. It is one of the very few examples of the Spanish architectural heritage with
outdoors gothic sculpture preserving the polychromies. The Provincial Museum is a good example of the
civil baroque Spanish architecture (built from 1690). The façade has a group of figures carved with two types
of rock: limestone and sandstone. Due to its advanced state of deterioration it was consolidated and water-
proofed in 1995 with siloxanes (Tegovacon V and Tegosivin HL-100). Objective of the two studies are the
characterisation of the state of conservation of the polychromies and of the stones of the Provincial Museum.
Relevant is to know the depth of penetration of the treatments into the stones and the evolution of the
physical-mechanical characteristics of the treated and untreated stones. User group leader was R.M.Esbert,
for the University of Oviedo. Other users were from the Institute of the Spanish Historical Patrimony of
Madrid. 5 UNI-PG MOLAB operators were present, together with 2 from CNR-ICVBC for a total number of
35 person days (29 UNI-PG + 6 CNR-ICVBC).
Last MOLAB intervention was in Crete (Greece). It consisted of the in-situ identification of the penetration
depth of consolidants on bioclastic limestone (PECONDRILL project) in the archaeological site of Aptera, a
town founded in the Geometric period, that reached a peak in the Hellenistic period. Deteriorated porous
limestones of Aptera, were consolidated with silicon-based strengthening products, such as silicic acid
(KEIM-Silex® OH, Ethyl silicate PHASE) and elastic silicic acid esters (PHASE PLUS 5035) in
combination with an oligomeric organo-siloxane water repellent (Hydrophase ®-Plus). These were applied
to stone specimens by capillary absorption, total immersion and brush application. Now there was a need to
identify the penetration depth of the consolidants in situ in order to proceed in the more appropriate way to
with the conservation intervention. CNR-ICVBC MOLAB operators were 2, involved for a 3 days
intervention. Total person days were 6.
The total number of projects completed during the second year was 7 (5 foreseen). A summary of the
projects, with title, objectives, and achievements is given in Table 14.
The unpredictable nature of the equipment necessary to satisfy the selected project is not a surprise and it
was foreseen in the project: the quantities estimated were annual averages over the three institutions for all
the five years more than specific estimates for each year and each institution.
UNI-PG was involved in 6 projects for a total number of days and person-days overcoming those originally
foreseen: 31 days of operation (18 days foreseen for 12 months), corresponding to a total of 153 person-days
(60 foreseen). However, CNR-ICVBC was involved with 2 operators in 2 projects (1 foreseen) for a total
number of 6 days of measurements (8 days foreseen), corresponding to a total of 12 person-days (18
foreseen). CNR-INOA was involved with 3 operators in 1 project for a total number of 5 days (8 days
foreseen) for a total quantity of 15 (18 foreseen). No intervention was carried out by OPD (6 days foreseen).
Indeed, the MOLAB results for the first two years of activity are positive. The proposals received for the first
two years were 29. After 24 months, the projects that obtained time were 12 (10 foreseen) and the total
number of days for MOLAB interventions have been 93 (90 foreseen).




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The 12 projects corresponded to services offered to a total of 55 users (30 foreseen). Users‟ team were in
France (Besançon 3), Russia (St. Petersburg 3); Czech Republic (Brno 11), United Kingdom (London 4 + 3
+ 4 + 3; Cambridge 3), Romania (Putna 5), Greece (Thessaloniki 4; Crete 5), Spain (Huesca 7).
Studies were carried out on several diversified typologies of objects, such as ancient and contemporary
paintings, polychromies of outdoor monuments, mural paintings, medieval illuminated manuscripts, metals
and ceramics, consolidated and untreated stones in monuments or archaeological sites. The needs of different
typology of users were covered, such as museum curators, researchers belonging to universities or public
research institutions, and public or private conservators. At the end of the second year, it can be concluded
that the Eu-ARTECH TA scheme showed a strong attractiveness to 'new' or 'young' researchers, due to the
interest manifested by researchers working on several different countries and on different subjects.
The total number of projects carried out is certainly satisfactory and the results obtained, presented at
international meetings of the field (Lacona VI, 19th Int Colloquium on Molecular Spectroscopy, COST and
Cultural Heritage, Ferrara Salone del Restauro 2006, SAVEUR-Safeguarded Cultural Heritage, etc.) had an
impressive impact on the community of the field. The substantial positive impact of MOLAB is well
witnessed by the numerous invited lectures at international conferences (see above) specifically dedicated to
the MOLAB activity.
Certainly, at the end of the second year, the strong impact on the scientific community of users allows us to
consider MOLAB as one of the most successful European activities in the field of artwork studies and
conservation. MOLAB opportunities are indeed well known and the diffusion of innovative non-invasive in-
situ methods in artwork studies and conservation has been capillary increased.
Table 14: A2 – Project achievements
Amount          Scientific             Acronym / Project Title        User-Project Objectives                 Achievements
   of             field
access
(visits)


    4        Painting            LAMPI Experiment of the           To establish first elements,     By XRF, mid-FTIR, near-FTIR,
             technique           painting technique of             based on the use of materials,   UV-Vis fluorescence, allowed the
                                 Johann Baptist Lampi,             to distinguish the authorships   identification of pigments in their
                                 father and son, from the          of two painters [Moravian        colour layers. Removal of varnish
                                 19th century collection           Gallery in Brno, Czech           improved the quality of spectra.
                                                                   Republic]                        The most important result was the
                                                                                                    identification of a really
                                                                                                    uncommon lead-tin-antimony
                                                                                                    yellow which could indicate a
                                                                                                    specific preference of younger
                                                                                                    Lampi in pigment selection.
    5        Illuminated         PUTNA Romanian                    Determination of illumination    Metal cover compositions were
             manuscripts         illuminated medieval              techniques to be compared        deterrmined. Inks and pigments
                                 manuscripts- Analysis of          with the analogous techniques    were characterised. Suggestions on
                                 materials and techniques          in Italy during the same         possible class of binder were given.
                                                                   period.[Putna Monatery           Information on the state of
                                                                   Museum, Romania]                 conservation of the illuminations
                                                                                                    were gathered. Data showed
                                                                                                    analogies with the Italian
                                                                                                    techniques of the period.
    4        Painting            CEZANNE Non-invasive              Characterisation of material     Through XRF, near-FTIR and mid-
             techniques          analysis of materials from        and techniques of post-          FTIR and micro-fluorescence, the
                                 paintings by Cezanne and          impressionist painters through   pigments used by Cezanne in a
                                 Renoir                            the study of paintings of Paul   painting belonging to his first
                                                                   Cezanne.[Courtauld Institute     activity and another belonging to
                                                                   Art Gallery, UK]                 his late production were
                                                                                                    determined. The study was relevant
                                                                                                    for the knowledge of materials and
                                                                                                    techniques commonly used by
                                                                                                    post-impressionist painters.



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                                                                                                     The composition of the silver was
    5        Silver              SILVER Investigation of          Analysis of distribution of        uniform across all the pieces
             tarnishing          silver tarnish risk and          lacquers (applied in a previous    analysed. Both the major
                                 remaining protection             restoration ) on silver surface    components (silver and copper) and
                                 afforded by lacquers             to possibly correlate              certain trace elements (lead and
                                                                  tarnishment with lack of           iron) are reported to significantly
                                                                  lacquer. Study of the causes of    affect silver tarnish rate. No
                                                                  deterioration. [Apsley House,      evidence of differences in alloy
                                                                  UK]                                composition were detected in
                                                                                                     tarnished areas of the centre-piece.
                                                                                                     Chloride was detected
                                                                                                     preferentially in the tarnished areas
                                                                                                     indicating that the silver tarnish is
                                                                                                     of a mixed type and not composed
                                                                                                     solely of silver sulphide. Similar
                                                                                                     results have been obtained on much
                                                                                                     smaller silver pieces from other
                                                                                                     central London museums and have
                                                                                                     serious consequences for
                                                                                                     preventive conservation strategies.
    7        Outdoor             SPASTONE Analysis of              The aim of the MOLAB              It was found that the chromatic
             polychromies        polychromies and of the          access was the characterisation    effect on scupltures was achieved
             on sculptures       effects of consolidation in      of the polychromy and surface      through several layers: the first one
                                 the stones of the façades of     patinas in order to study the      that directly covers the sandstone
                                 the Cathedral and                original materials of this         and two other layers painted with
                                 Provincial Museum of             unique decoration and to plan      different pigments. A diffuse
                                 Huesca                           conservation interventions.        presence of oxalates and sulphates
                                                                  The study are expected to          was found on all the investigated
                                                                  significantly enrich               surfaces. Oxalates indicate the
                                                                  information on outdoor             presence of alterated organic
                                                                  painting techniques in Spain       materials. The diffuse presence of
                                                                  during Middle Ages. [Huesca        oxalates rendered unachievable a
                                                                  Cathedral and Provincial           specific characterisation of
                                                                  Museum, Spain]                     binder(s). For evaluating the
                                                                                                     effectiveness of siloxane treatment
                                                                                                     on the façade of the Provincial
                                                                                                     Museum, micro-drilling
                                                                                                     measurements have been carried
                                                                                                     out on natural and consolidated
                                                                                                     stones, determining the penetration
                                                                                                     depth of the consolidants and the
                                                                                                     evolution of the physical-
                                                                                                     mechanical properties of the treated
                                                                                                     stone.
    6        Illuminated         M&M The Macclesfield             Artists‟ palette could be          The pigments identified in the
             manuscripts         Psalter and Metz Pontifical      established for both               Macclesfield Psalter illuminations
                                                                  manuscripts. (Including details    include – carbon black, chalk, lead
                                                                  of degree of pigment               white, azurite, a copper green, three
                                                                  purification, preparation, etc.)   lakes (probably kermes, madder
                                                                  This would allow comparison        and saffron) as well as burnished,
                                                                  between East Anglian               flat and Mosaic gold. Perhaps
                                                                  manuscript and easel painters.     surprisingly, no ultramarine, indigo
                                                                  It would also allow                or vermilion were found in the
                                                                  comparison between East            illuminations. Vermilion was,
                                                                  Anglian and European               however, employed in rubrication.
                                                                  manuscript painters. It would      The black ink was found to be an
                                                                  illuminate the cultural            iron gall ink with an unusually high
                                                                  relationships between crafts       level of zinc. FTIR identified
                                                                  and countries during a period      proteinaceous peaks that may be
                                                                  when East Anglia and               associated with the parchment or
                                                                  mainland Europe were close         with glue as a binder. Additional
                                                                  trading partners.                  peaks could be associated with
                                                                                                     gum.




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    ?        Consolidation       PECONDRILL            In-situ     The use of strengthening agents     The measurements carried out in-
             of limestones       identification of penetration     for restoring the physico-          situ showed that the condition of
                                 depth of consolidants on          chemical      and    mechanical     treatments are very critical for the
                                 bioclastic limestones             properties     of    deteriorated   consolidating      effect    of   the
                                                                   exposed stone is an irreversible    products. In some cases materials
                                                                   intervention.         Therefore,    that yielded the best performances
                                                                   particular attention should be      in the laboratory did not confirm
                                                                   paid on the assessment of the       the same behaviour in-situ. In
                                                                   potential strengthening agents.     general, all the tested treatments in
                                                                   Depth of penetration through        situ were demonstrated to be not
                                                                   the deteriorated zone is critical   very effective, suggesting an
                                                                   for a successful consolidation.     application protocol involving a
                                                                                                       higher amount of consolidating
                                                                                                       agent.



1.4.2- 4 Scientific output and research results obtained by the user-projects
In a balance of the first two years of MOLAB activities, it is possible to conclude that the scientific topics
covered by the selected projects are certainly wide-ranging and lead to unprecedented results.
Apart the great success of the first year, already mentioned in the previous Annual Report, during the second
year excellent results were obtained on studies carried out in 5 different countries (Spain, Greece, UK, Czech
Republic and Romania) on different typologies of objects, such as paintings (Courtald Institute Art Gallery
of London, Moravian Gallery of Brno), metals (Apsley House), illuminated manuscripts (Fitzwilliam
Museum of London, Museum of Putna Monastery in Putna); polychromies on outdoor sculptures (Portal of
the Huesca Cathedral) and stones in an archaeological site (ancient town of Aptera in Crete).
A detailed study of three famous paintings of Cezanne and Renoir lead to the detection of pigments (and
mixtures of pigments) having compositions quite different from those of the ancient painters. The study
allowed the users to document the use of zinc white, lead white, Prussian blue, cobalt blue, emerald green,
synthetic ochres beginning a study of the chacarcterization of the palette of the impressionists.
The study of paintings of J.B. Lampi, father and son allowed the users to establish first elements, based on
the use of materials, to distinguish the authorships of two painters having strongly analogous techniques,
style and creativity.
The study of the silver tarnishing in the Apsley House centrepiece allowed users to better understand the
phenomena of tarnishing putting in evidence problems of lacquer deterioration and loss of its protective
properties with time. The conclusions are relevant not simply for the case studied, but for general problems
of conservation of silver metallic objects. Relevant were the results obtained on the polychromies on the
outdoor limestone sculptures of the Huesca Cathedral, subject to hard environmental conditions of large
seasonal thermal excursion and humidity. The execution technique of the polychromies was well
characterized both from the point of view of the binder (siccative oil) and pigments. Extremely interesting
have been also the results obtained on materials and techniques of the medieval illuminated manuscripts of
the Fitzwilliam Museum and of the Putna Monastery. Analogies and differences were put in evidence for the
two cases.
Although no full papers have been yet edited on these topics, overviews on the works developed through
MOLAB have been diffused through presentations at the EMRS, European Material Research Society
Conference, Strasbourg,, F, June 2005; the-19th Colloquium on High Resolution Molecular Spectroscopy,
Salamanca, ES, September 2005; the Triennial ICOM-CC Meeting, The Hague, Netherlands, September
2005; the LACONA VI, Lasers for the conservation of artworks, Vienna, September 21st-25th, 2005; the
International Meeting- COST and Cultural Heritage:Crossing Borders, Firenze, I, October 20th-22nd, 2005;
the Salone del Restauro 2006, Ferrara, April 2006, the 7th European Commission Conference "Saveur",
Prague, May 31-June 2nd 2006.
Links to the websites of these meetings are available at: www.eu-artech.org. User reports on the MOLAB
interventions are also available.


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1.4.2-5 User meetings
The first MOLAB (and AGLAE) Users Meeting was held on November 2005 at CNRS-C2RMF, in Paris.
Participation was large, including actual and potential users from several European countries. In total, 74
researchers were present, from 11 European countries: Italy, France, UK, Portugal, Netherlands, Czech
Republic, Germany, Belgium, Spain, Greece, and Malta.
According to the schedule of the meeting, C.Miliani, UNI-PG, introduced the activities of MOLAB,
presenting its performances through examples of works carried out in recent years in Italy (national access).
Then presentations of users followed.
- B. Mottin (Musée des Beaux Arts et de Archeologie, Besançon in cooperation with C2RMF) presented the
results of the multi-technique study of the painting “Lamentation on the dead Christ” by Agnolo di Cosimo
di Mariano, called “il Bronzino”, 1545;
- D. Hradil (Academy of Science of the Czech Republic, Prague) presented the study of the painting
techniques of J. B. Lampi, father and son, from the 19th century collection of Moravian Gallery in Brno;
- L. Syson (National Gallery of London) presented the outstanding results obtained in the study of
Leonardo‟s Vergin of the Rocks and associated Leonardesque paintings;
- L. Burgio (Victoria and Albert Museum, London) spoke on the MOLAB study carried out on the
decorations of eleven Italian Renaissance majolicas and, finally,
- D. Papanikola Bakirtzis (Archaeological Institute of Macedonian and Thracian Studies) presented the
Investigation of the St. Euthimios Cahapel wall paintings (XIV century) at St. Demetrios in Thessaloniki.
At the end of the meeting the M.Menu (AGLAE) and B.Brunetti (MOLAB) put in evidence the high quality
of the developed work, underlining the fact that without the Eu-ARTECH TA facilities all the presented
results would not be possible.
During the User Meeting, besides the presentations of the scientific works developed through AGLAE,
organisation and logistic of the service were discussed.




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      1.5.             Joint Research Activities
For conservation methodologies, innovative techniques based on use of new materials and processes have
been experimented on stones and metals. A structuring approach of analytical investigations has been applied
to new methodologies for the study of several objects (ceramics, stones, dried oil, etc). Substantial advances
have been achieved in the development of new techniques for in-situ measurements of imaging and
spectroscopy.

The selected number of developed activities had a substantial impact on the improvement of quality,
quantity, and accreditation of methods of intervention, as well as on the general performance and capabilities
of the Eu-ARTECH facilities exerting an efficient exploit of the European user‟s access.
Significant results have been obtained with the achievement of all the planned milestones.
The list of JRA1-2 milestones and deliverables is given in the following Table 16 and 19, respectively.

1.5.1 JRA1 - Development and evaluation of new treatments for the conservation-
restoration of outdoor stone and bronze monuments
The activity of JRA1 was specifically devoted to deepen the use of inorganic and organic materials defining
detailed properties of new inorganic applications, in the perspective, claimed by art conservators, of a better
knowledge on materials and methods in conservation of stones and bronzes to protect outdoor stone and
bronzes from polluted environments.
The work is developed as a joint effort between experts of six institutions (listed in Table 15) commonly
operating in different expertise areas.
Table 15: JRA1 Participating Contractors

                                                            JRA1 Participants
 N°        Short name                        Role                                           Expertise Area
                                                                                Stones                         Bronzes
 01      UNI-PG                T2 Responsible, T4                        Chemical processes,
                                                                       Performance evaluation
 03      CNR-ICVBC             JRA1 Project Leader and T5            Chemical processes, Aging
                               Responsible, T1, T2, T3, T4          tests, Performance evaluation
 05      OPD                   T1                                      Performance evaluation
 06      BLFD                  T4 Responsible, T1, T2, T3, T5                                          Material characterization,
                                                                                                       Aging tests, Performance
                                                                                                              evaluation
 09      LNEC                  T1, T2. T3 Responsible, T4, T5,        Material characterization,       Material characterization,
                               T6                                     Aging tests, Performance         Aging tests, Performance
                                                                             evaluation                       evaluation
 12      UNI-BO                T1 Responsible, T2, T3, T4                                              Material characterization,
                                                                                                         Chemical processes,
                                                                                                       Performance evaluation



During the first year, the Task 1 (selection and characterization of samples) has been widely performed. At
the end of the second year Tasks 2 and 3, committed to impart an artificial or naturally induced degradation
on both stone and bronze specimens (treatments & procedures selection, first verifying tests and
development of ageing procedures), started on past year, was completed. A preparatory work for Task 4 (at
month 22) and some additional tests regarding Task 1 were also carried out and an upgraded version of the
previous data has been produced.



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1.5.1-1 Activity Progress
JRA1 Task 2 - Development of new treatments and procedures (Chemical processes and application
protocols) Task Leader: UNI-PG; Participants: Stones unit: CNR-ICVBC, OPD, UNI-PG, LNEC; Metal unit:
BLFD, UNI-BO, LNEC
The promising results achieved in laboratory tests, specifically developed for studying the kinetics of the
processes and to determine the chemical reactions involved, authorise, at the end of first year, to draw some
conclusions on concentrations and application times for some of the treatments. During the second year, other
required experiment on efficacy, drawbacks, and possible problems connected to each analysis were
accomplished. Procedures will be tested on degraded samples, obtained applying the weathering methods
developed in Task 3.
Specifically, for consolidating treatments on limestones and sandstones, the evaluated treatments were:
        T1) Barium hydroxide [Ba(OH)2];
        T2) Ammonium Oxalate [(NH4)2C2O4];
        T3) Modified Ethylsilicate (TEOS + APS); [Note: The coupling agent (APS) in solvent (ethanol)
        was applied as a primer, followed by application of the BSOH100 consolidant].
        T4) Ethylsilicate (TEOS).
        T5) Dimethylpolysiloxane (DMPS)
Instead the measurements done on the treated stones, involve expressly,
        the amount of products applied;
        the colour determination;
        the absorption by sponge method;
        the drilling tests (for Gioia Marble, IT).
The barium hydroxide tests have been performed using two different procedures:
       a) by immersion of the stone samples in barium hydroxide solution; and
       b) by application of poultices with barium hydroxide solution on the stone surface.

Limestones (resp. LNEC) The results obtained with the different treatments studied on Ançã and Lecce
stones pointed out different assessment work about each one of the consolidants and treatment procedures:
Barium Hydroxide. The consolidation action, water absorption reduction and colour variation promoted by
barium hydroxide treatments is influenced by the treatment procedure (immersion and poulticing) as well as
by the lithotype. The penetration depth of the consolidant was very high in both stones and treatments. The
higher consolidation action promoted by barium hydroxide on Ançã was achieved by immersion during the
longer period of time tested (30 days).
Regarding the poulticing procedure the treatment time (2 and 5 hours) did not reveal itself as an important
factor on the consolidation action achieved, probably because the tested contact time were both too short. It
was observed a relevant colour variation on Ançã stone treated by immersion which increased with the
immersion time.
The results obtained on Lecce stone with the different treatment procedures and respective contact times with
barium hydroxide did not diverge significantly pointing out the low influence of the differences between the
procedures adopted on the consolidating action
Ammonium Oxalate. Ammonium oxalate treatments were responsible for water absorption reduction and
colour variation on both tested stones (clearly higher on Ançã stone). The consolidation action induced by all
the treatments tested in both stones was not discriminated by the treatment procedure and the consolidated
thickness corresponds to 3-5mm.
Modified Ethyl silicate (TEOS + APS) The results point out that APS has the capacity to increase the
consolidating action of ethyl silicate near the treated surface and may be responsible for a reduction of the
ethyl silicate penetration inside the stone. This behaviour may be attributed to the rapid gelification of the


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consolidant when mixed with APS, as above mentioned. The water absorption tests were able to discriminate
the APS action regarding the lithotype. The treatment procedure for APS application may influence the
consolidating action
Ethyl silicate (TEOS) The consolidating action and water absorption reduction promoted by ethyl silicate
treatments revealed scarce influence of the lithotype but a certain sensitivity to the treatment procedure. The
penetration depth of the consolidant demonstrated a clear relation with the amount of product absorbed.
At the end of the second year applicable modalities of treatment were selected for the initial development of
Task 4 on Ançã and Lecce stones:
           Barium hydroxide - Application of barium hydroxide solution (5% w/w in water) by poulticing
           during 3 hours;
           Amonium oxalate - Application of ammonium oxalate solution (2,5% w/w in water) by poulticing
           during 5 hours;
           Modified Ehylsilicate (TEOS+APS) – Application of the coupling agent (APS) in solvent (ethanol) as
           a primer followed by BSOH100 consolidant, both by brushing until apparent refusal – [refusal was
           considered achieved when the treated surface remained wet for at least 60 seconds (vmax=
           “maximum” absorbed volume)];
           Ethylsilicate (TEOS) - Application of BSOH100 by brushing until apparent refusal [refusal was
           considered achieved as above].
Marble (Gioia) and Sandstones (Firenzuola and Santafiora) (resp. CNR-ICVBC). Barium Hydroxide was
applied on Gioia Marble by immersion procedure, at different immersion times. The amount of product,
determined by weighting the sample before and after treatment and after reaction of carbonation (once
reached a constant weight), is higher for longer immersion times. A higher amount of product seems to give
to the stone a higher water absorption reduction (determined by the sponge method), but the same trend is
not verified for the consolidating action. Drilling tests in fact show the best performances for an immersion
time of 15 days, while there is not any further improvement for longer times (30 days). Barium hydroxide
treatment by immersion on the two Sandstones gives high colour variation, even if the water absorption
reduction is quite good.
As regards poultices, Barium Hydroxide was applied on the 3 lithotypes with different solution concentration
and different contact times. On Gioia Marble, a higher amount of product (BaCO3) is obtained for the higher
concentration of the solution (5.0% w/w vs. 2.5% w/w), and the highest one is that for the shorter contact
time (3 hours vs. 6 hours). The colour variation is higher for the more concentrated solution and the shorter
contact time, too. Anyway, ΔE is lower than 2.0. The water absorption reduction is good for the 5.0% w/w
solution and for the shorter contact time, differently from the 2.5% w/w solution. The diluted solution seems
to lead up to a deeper penetration of the product, but treatment with 5.0% w/w solution gives better results
from the reinforcing effect in the first millimeters from the surface. For Firenzuola Sandstone, the amount of
product absorbed is higher for the diluted solution, and the colour variation is lower for the longer contact
time (8 hours vs. 4 hours). The water absorption reduction is just a little better for the 5.0% w/w solution,
and the longer contact time. For Santafiora Sandstone, the amount of product absorbed is higher for the
longer contact time, and is higher for 5.0% w/w solution in respect to 2.5% w/w solution. As for Firenzuola,
the colour variation is lower for the longer contact time. Treatments performed with the diluted solution
don‟t reduce the water absorption, while treatments with 5.0% w/w solution leave it more or less unchanged.
Ammonium Oxalate. For the immersion procedure treatment, the amount of product absorbed is quite low,
but higher for the Sandstones. The colour variation is significant for the Sandstones, and in particular for
Santafiora. Concerning the poulticing procedure treatment, even with this type of treatment for Gioia arble
the amount of product absorbed by the samples is quite low. For all the lithotypes, anyway, the amount is
higher for treatments with more concentrated solution. The colour variation is very low for Gioia Marble, but
it‟s quite important for the Sandstones, for all the treatment conditions. Water absorption is reduced for Gioia
marble, both for 2.5% and 5.0% solution. For the two sandstones instead, the water absorption is not reduced
by the treatment, and there are not important differences between the treatments in different conditions.


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Drilling tests for Gioia Marble show a little improvement of the hardness of material for the longer contact
time, and in particular for the more concentrated solution.
Modified Ethylsilicate. TEOS and APS were applied in blend solution, by brush, in different volumes: v max
(determined applying the solution until refusal), vmax/2 and vmax/2 followed by an equal volume vmax/2 after a
week from the first application. In order to verify a possible increase of the amount of product absorbed,
other treatments were carried out with a diluted solution (50% w/w in acetone). The diluted solution however
did not give rise to the expected increase of the amount of product absorbed.The water absorption is
considerably reduced for Gioia Marble, while the same thing does not occur for the two sandstones,
especially for diluted solution. The first results of some tests, carried out by LNEC and UNI-PG, showed that
APS exhibits better performance when is applied as primer instead of as an integral blend with TEOS. With
regard to this, other tests will be performed.
Ethyl Silicate. TEOS without coupling agent was applied with the same procedure described in the previous
cases. As for T3 treatment, the water absorption is considerably reduced for Gioia Marble, but not for the
Sandstones. The performances reveal scarce influence of the treatment procedure, even if they are just a little
better for the treatment performed with vmax..
According to the planned work, the better procedures for each treatment have been chosen. On the basis of
all data collected up to now in the project, they are:
           Gioa marble T1 consolidant: application of barium hydroxide solution 5% w/w by poulticing during
           3 h; T2 consolidant: application of ammonium oxalate 2.5% w/w by poulticing during 5 h; T3: test in
           progress (APS as a primer); T4: application of Vmax by brush.
           Sandstones T1 consolidant: application of barium hydroxide solution 5% w/w by poulticing during
           8 h; T2 consolidant: application of ammonium oxalate 5% w/w by poulticing during 8 h; T3: test in
           progress (APS as a primer); T4: application of Vmax/2 by brush.

Other lab new protective treatments (resp. OPD). In order to evaluate the performance of treatments at
best, a procedure was established, based on the comparison of colour, contact angle and capillary rise
measurements before and after the application of protective.
Since the execution of capillary rise measurements on salted specimens could someway change the
distribution of salt in an unpredictable manner, this type of measurement was not performed on specimens
devoted to be treated with protective. In order to produce anyway a representative set of “untreated” samples,
one specimen of each lithotype was contaminated and devoted to capillary rise tests. After the measurement,
no treatment was applied on these specimens, which were thus set aside. In turn, the protective treatments
were applied on contaminated specimens that had undergone only colour and contact angle tests, since they
do not cause any variation in salt distribution. In order to assess the possible influence of salt on the capillary
absorption results, comparative measurements were also performed on a set of uncontaminated specimens
that had been treated with protective.
Treatments were T2-ammoniun oxalate and T5- Dimethylpolysiloxane, DMPS.
Tests were carried out on: 1-amount of protective product; 2-colour measurements;3-contact angle;4- amount
of water absorbed by capillarity versus time; 5-capillary absorption coefficient; 6-amount of water absorbed
per unit of surface at the final time; 7-protection degree (%of water absorbed by capillarity after a given time
t); 8-relative capillary absorption index. Lecce (IT), Ançã (PT) and Gioa Marble (IT) were used.
Ammonium Oxalate After the test, whose development is described in detail in deliverable D22, the selection
was done according to the following criteria:
           -The colour changes should be small as possible as and anyway lower than 4.0; in Ançã stone, where
           the contact with water-AmOx poultice unavoidably caused the formation of yellowish spots on the
           surface, the upper limit was raised to the value that appeared to be acceptable of ΔE < 4.4.
           - Water absorption was not expected to change strongly after AmOx treatments, as the formation of
           superficial calcium oxalate doesn‟t either reduce the hydrophilicity of the surface (it works as a


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           passivating agent) or the porosity of the stone. Therefore, only minor changes were observed in the
           capillary curves. Anyway, the lowering of the C.A. value and the increase of the Ec% with respect to
           untreated samples were considered as positive results that could strengthen the final choice.
For T5: DMPS- The final selection of protocols was done, for each lithotype, according to the following
criteria:
           - The colour changes should be as small as possible and anyway lower than 4.0;
           - Water absorption parameters should undergo evident changes after DMPS treatment, as this
           product is used in order to produce an hydrophobic barrier on the surface, that reduces the capillary
           suction. Therefore, the selected protocols should provide at least a lowering of C.A. (with respect to
           the untreated samples) and Ec% > 90.
For Modified Ethylsilicate only, the results at the end of the second year were not so satisfying, therefore all
the partners agreed to go on with further tests for this treatment.
Development of new treatments for bronzes and procedures Regarding bronzes, while formation of
artificial copper oxalate was attempted but without good indications, positive results were obtained by other
different typologies of treatments. Some of the organic products experimented (Silanes F8363 and Sivoclear)
seemed to demonstrate a protective behaviour comparable to that of the reference treatment (Incralac), and
had no perceivable chromatic alterations. For this reason they were chosen to be applied to the aged samples.
In regard to the strengthening of the Cuprite layer, it was found that it is not possible to have the Cuprite
deposited inside the porous system without a noticeable discoloration of the green patina. Tests regarding the
formation of artificial copper oxalate by fungi are still under way.
Finally, among the corrosion inhibitors that were tested, only one will be further evaluate, in comparison
with the reference treatment (benzotriazole – BTA).

Task 3 - Accelerated Ageing (Task Leader: LNEC; Participants: Stones unit: LNEC, CNR-ICVBC; Metal
unit: BLFD, UNI-BO, LNEC.
The accelerated ageing tests evaluated were:
    Thermal shock on Gioia marble, Firenzuola (IT) and Santafiora (IT) stones;
    Salt crystallization on Limestones and Sandstones.

Thermal shock Due to their very low porosity, marbles are usually quite resistant to salt decay and therefore it is
hard to induce artificial damage by means of salt crystallization acting directly on their surface. On the other
hand, marbles are sensitive to temperature changes, namely because the large size of the calcite crystals and their
known anisotropic thermal expansion coefficient can induce large internal stresses that may lead to cracks.
Therefore, in order to get an indication about the feasibility of inducing degradation by temperature changes,
some tests were carried out with some spare specimens of a Portuguese marble. The tests (described in more
detail in deliverable D24) consisted of :
    a) contact with a heated plate, at ~200ºC, for 3 minutes and, after that, cooling at room temperature (6
          cycles);
    b) contact with a heated plate, at ~300ºC, for 5 minutes and, after that, cooling at room temperature (2
          cycles).
After the thermal shock, specimens were characterised with the microdrops absorption time measurements
that revealed that the second procedure is more effective for promoting thermal shock with significant crack
formation.
Following this procedure, thermal shock was produced on Gioia marble. Ageing by thermal shock was
monitored by the microdrops absorption time, water absorption by sponge, and water absorption by
capillarity. In order to minimize the variables of the measurement of the ageing action, the specimens were
always manipulated with care in order to avoid contamination with the grease from the hands. The test
results pointed out that the methods initially used to monitor the ageing action on Gioia Marble, namely
microdrops absorption time and water absorption by the contact sponge methods are not adequate. The

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possible influence of the state of dryness of the specimens on the results obtained with these methods was
also investigated, and it was found to be insignificant.
The water absorption by capillarity was identified as the more appropriate method to monitor the damage
induced by the thermal shock. In summary, the best conditions for ageing Gioa marble were determined to
be: temperature of the heating plate : 300 oC; contact time: 5 min; cooling temperature: 20-25 oC; ageing
monitoring: water absorption by capillarity.
Salt crystallization Tests were carried out for ageing with salt crystallization limestones (Ançã and Lecce
stones) and sandstones (Santafiora and Firenzuola) aiming at finding a suitable and quick way of producing
artificially decayed surfaces in the selected stone types.
The work started with some spare specimens available on which a first set of experiments were carried out.
Given the long time lag necessary to produce decay with the first salt ageing protocol, it was decided to
change the protocol and test another one. This process has shown to be much faster in producing
degradation, but it had to be tuned in order to avoid too fast and destructive degradation. The preliminary
work developed consisted of:
                1st set of preliminary tests tested on carbonated stones,
                2nd set of preliminary tests tested on a limestone (Ançã stone),
The preliminary tests on Ançã stone were further developed and extended to the other lithotypes in order to
obtain two distinct degradation patterns:
           1. superficial degradation;
           2. gradual degradation in depth.
In these ageing procedures the study was focused on the crystallization of mirabilite from a high
concentrated sulphate solution by means of a rapid temperature decrease. This sudden temperature change is
able to promote a fast precipitation of the heptahydrate and decahydrate forms of sodium sulphate without
water evaporation. The distinct patterns degradation above mentioned were tested in different conditions for
all stones.
Accelerated ageing of bronzes. Regarding bronze, all urban type substrates, artificial and natural, were
made ready for the treatment. Artificial patinas were produced with a patented Cuprite/Brochantite surface
layer (by Prof. Pichler, Hochschule für Angewandte Kunst, Vienna). As far as the natural urban patina
formation is concerned, a set (> 64 samples) of copper roof (UN = R) were made available: they were
naturally patinated over a period of 80 years on the roof of BLfD.
For marine patina formation, ageing was obtained exposing samples in a humidity controlled chamber and in
a salt spray chamber (artificial patina) or by exposure of bronze specimens in the marine atmosphere of Cabo
Raso (Portugal).

Task 4 (start) - Treatment of aged samples [stone and bronze] followed by accelerated and natural ageing
of the treated samples Task Leader BLfD; Participants: Stones unit: LNEC, CNR-ICVBC, OPD; Metal unit:
BLfD, UNI-BO, LNEC
The samples of the various materials will be treated with the chosen methods of Task 2, and then will be
exposed to natural and artificial ageing. Both of them, natural and artificial ageing, have been defined, as to
location, conditions, periods of exposure, kind of test for control, and so on.
For consolidating treatments on stone, the procedure for artificial ageing was identified (temperature and
humidity cycles in climatic chamber). Some samples, for which colour changes were found particularly
significant, will be also aged in a solar box that is under artificial solar irradiation (xenon lamp).
In order to test also the bio-receptivity of the products, some samples were chosen, to be treated with
microrganisms. These samples will be submitted to stress environmental conditions in a climatic chamber
and biological growth will be checked and studied on samples placed in natural environment, too. For the


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protective treatments, the artificial ageing will consist of solubilization/crystallization cycles of NaCl which
will be introduced into the samples. Furthermore, samples will be aged in a solar box apparatus.
Regarding bronze, on the basis of the outputs of the Tasks 2 and 3, the samples, properly aged (output of
Task 3), will be treated according to procedures defined in the output of Task 2.
Table 16: JRA1 - Outline implementation plan toward the objectives containing tasks, milestones and deliverables defined in the
contract that have been achieved during the reporting period
                                                                                                              p/m
 T                Milestones                            Deliverables                 Date      Actual/                  Deviation
                                                                                     due/     Forecast                   from the
                                                                                     month   Deliv. Date              planned work
                                                                                               month
                             Task 2 Leader: UNI-PG, Partners : CNR-ICVBC, LNEC, BLfD, OPD, UNI-BO
                                                                                                               17
T2     Definition of parameters            Progress Report on the procedure to be     18         18                        None
       that influence the treatment        adopted for the treatment
       under study
                                           (see D21)
                                                                                                               12
       Choice of the procedures for        Report on the procedures adopted for       24         24                        None
       the treatment of samples and        each treatment
T2     definition of parameters for
       the treatment of aged               (see D23)
       samples

                                       Task 3 Leader: LNEC Partners : CNR-ICVBC, BLfD, UNI-BO
                                                                                                               20
T3     Results on the procedures           Progress reports on the characteristics    18         18                        None
       for accelerated ageing and          of the samples (stone and bronzes)
       monitoring progresses of            during ageing
       ageing
                                           (see D22)
                                                                                                               12
T3     Definition of the procedure         Report on the ageing         procedures    24         24                        None
       of ageing and preparation of        adopted for each material
       aged samples for Task 4
                                           (see D24)
                             Task 4 Leader: BLfD, Partners : CNR-ICVBC, OPD, LNEC, UNI-BO, UNI-PG
                                                                                                               10
T4     Treatment of aged samples           Preliminary Report on treatment            24         24                        None
                                           (see D21)



1.5.1-2 Meetings and Workshops held during the reporting period
The first JRA1 Group Meeting of the second year was held in Paris on November 22, 2005. 12 attendees
were present from the 6 institution involved. After two introduction, S. Bracci (CNR-ICVBC) and R.
Mazzeo (UNI-BO) summarising Stones unit and Bronzes unit activity respectively, C. Miliani (UNI-PG), J.
Delgado (LNEC), B. Sacchi (CNR-ICVBC), B. Salvadori (OPD), R. Mazzeo and M. Mach (BLfD) presented
the accomplished results of their work. Through questions and answers many points were clarified.
The presented activity concerns the first achievements of the characteristic of the treatments chosen and of
ageing methods (thermal shock and salts absorption) for both stones and bronzes. Several items were
discussed and defined in order to match the objectives and deliverables of the second year and to plan
properly the road map of the executable future work.
A diffusion plan was also undertaken, evaluating the offered best possibilities to present the JRA1 activities
at national or international conferences with a substantial impact on the scientific community.
The second Group Meeting of the second year coincided with the Second Annual Meeting in Lisbon (May 2-
3, 2006). Attendees were 14. Aim of the meeting was to open the discussion on the results of tests and,
subsequently, to draw conclusions on the best conditions for the different treatments on different materials,
in order to open the way to Task 4.



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After the introduction by S.Bracci and R.Mazzeo, the group was split in two sub-groups (Stone and Metal
units) where the results of the tests were analysed in depth and the best conditions for each treatment and the
best way for ageing materials were chosen. Appropriate planning of future work was also established. In
particular, for Task 4, a plan for preliminary ageing and treatment of samples, and for subsequent natural and
artificial ageing of treated samples (with relative control tests) were scheduled.
In addition, the diffusion activities of each group have been presented (JRA1 work and the joint offered
possibilities of Transnational Access was presented at most international meetings and conferences on
cultural heritage, physics, material science, and microscopy). Reports are available on the http://www.eu-
artech.org
Table 17: JRA1 - Meetings and Workshops during the reporting period

      Date                        Title/            Location              Contractors /                  Notes
                             subject of event                             participants
                                                                              No.              [Eu-ARTECH Website:
                                                                                                http://www.eu-artech.org 
22 November          JRA1 Group meeting          Paris, F             UNI-PG, CNRS-C2RMF,   Minutes on Eu-ARTECH website
2005                                                                   OPD, OADC, RWTH,     Consortium restricted area
                                                                         CNR-INOA 14
3 May 2006           JRA1 Group meeting          Lisbon, PT           UNI-PG, CNRS-C2RMF,   Minutes on Eu-ARTECH website
                                                                       OPD, OADC, RWTH,     Consortium restricted area
                                                                         CNR-INOA 24




1.5.1-3 Significant achievements during the reporting period and their impact
For stone, for each one of the five lithotypes studied (Gioia marble, Lecce stone, Ançã stone, Firenzuola
sandstone and Santafiora sandstone) the best protocols has been successfully achieved for the chosen
treatments. For the ageing procedures, in the same way, an authoritative protocol was chosen for each
lithotype, in order to have samples ready to be treated that mimic the condition of conservation of materials
in natural environment.
For bronze, the different treatments (organic, inorganic, biological corrosion inhibitors ones) were tested and
characterised (by colorimetric measurement, micro-FT-IR, EIS, etc.). The most promising final treatments
were chosen, to be applied to the aged samples.
As regards ageing procedures adopted, all bronze samples are ready for treatment: artificial and natural
urban patina formation was obtained, as well as artificial and natural marine patina formation.
In conclusion, the comparison between planned activities and the second year JRA1 major achievements
allow us to consider this period satisfactory and positive, with a substantial impact on the scientific
community.

1.5.2 JRA2 - New methods in diagnostics: Imaging and spectroscopy
New analytical systems aiming at multispectral detection or multitechnique measurements for artwork
studies are designed and assembled; the validation of their performances show first potentialities.
During the second year, the following achievements were expected:
Task 1: 1.1) Experimental applications of NMR techniques to clay firing, water related properties of stones,
and dried oil; 1.3) Applications of the unilateral NMR-MOUSE device to analysis of depth profiles in
paintings (non-invasive approach to stratigraphy);
Task 2: a) Characterisation of standards and testing study of IR radiation penetration depth in paintings; b)
Advances in IR imaging assembling in two designed versions [high resolution imaging at various fixed
wavelengths (low wavelength resolution); low resolution imaging at continuous wavelengths (high
wavelength resolution)];


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Task 3: a) Definition of optimal geometry for in-situ XRD measurements; b) First assembling of device
components;
Task 4: Vibrational and electronic characterisation of pure samples of dyestuffs and lakes, towards the
experimentation of a portable equipment for microRaman and microfluorescence measurements.
Table 18: JRA2 Participating Contractors

                                                        JRA2 Participants
 N°        Short name                       Role                                    Expertise Area
                                                                        Imaging                  Spectroscopy
01       UNI-PG                JRA2 Project Leader, T1 and T4                              NMR, Raman, Fluorescence
                               Responsible, T3
02       CNRS-                 T3 Responsible, T4                                                    Raman, XRD
         C2RMF
03       CNR-INOA              T2                                      Imaging IR
05       OPD                   T1, T2                                                                  FT-IR
07       OADC                  T2 Responsible                          Imaging IR                      FT-IR
11       RWTH                  T1                                    Imaging NMR                       NMR



1.5.2-1 Activity Progress
JRA2 Task 1 - Application and development of laboratory analytical NMR methods and of portable NMR-
MOUSE. Task Leader: UNI-PG; Participants: OPD, RWTH, UNI-PG

The second year Task 1 progress‟ advancements are synthetically described in the following, for each one of
the foreseen four sub-tasks.
Application of NMR techniques to studies on ceramics, stones and dried oil (Subtask 1.1 Resp.: UNI-
PG)
Systematic investigation and tests of water related properties of stones have been proceeded with the
analysis, by unilateral NMR, of the behaviour of three different Umbrian stones types: San Presto (n° 20
specimen); Pianello (n° 134 specimen); Palombina Turri (n° 39 specimen). All measurements were carried
out on dry stones (i.e. on stones in equilibrium with the environment) and on stones wetted by capillary
water absorption for 24 hours.
In dry stones i.e., in which the NMR signal was due to the stone moisture adsorbed simply by exchange with
the environment, the measurements were performed with a commercial unilateral NMR (Bruker Biospin,
Italy), with a probe-head operating at 18.153 MHz having a penetration depth of about 1 mm. Spin-lattice
relaxation times T1 were determined with the a periodic saturation recovery pulse sequence. Spin-spin
relaxation times T2 were also measured with the CPMG pulse sequence; the echo time 2 was 50 s; 2048
echoes were collected in all cases. Due to a high amount of moisture into the pores, a considerable water
signal was found in the San Presto stone even when dry. However, the wet stone was characterised by an
increase of T2 and a decrease of T1. After the water capillary absorption, T1 and T2 behaviours can be
interpreted as due to a shift of the correlation time towards shorter time values. The Pianello stone absorbs a
minor content of moisture, as shown by the smaller intensity of the single Hahn Echo.
However, a notable increase of intensity was observed after the water absorption. As previously observed in
the case of the San Presto stone, the wetting of the Pianello stone produced a T 2 increase and a T1 decrease.
This observation implies a shift of correlation times toward shorter values. For the Palombina Turri, the
stone porosity was too small to allow the entrance of water molecules. This observation was previously made
also on marble and basaltic stones. Working progress data were presented at the JRA2 meetings in Paris and
Lisbon.



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The evaluation of technology of ceramic firing - whose earliest results lead to a publication at the end of the
JRA2 first year - was devoted to better identify and characterise unexplored aspects of chemical
transformations and structural changes during the firing of clays.
Significant improvements were achieved with a multi-technique approach where NMR had a relevant role
through the application of Magic Angle Spinning (MAS) and Multiple Quantum – Magic Angle Spinning
(MQ-MAS) techniques. These techniques have been applied to ancient fired and unfired clays found in an
archaeological site in Deruta (Perugia, Italy), or many centuries, one of the most important centres for the
production of ceramics in Italy. The sample of fired clay was the ceramic body of a shard which showed a
glaze with lustre decoration, dated around XV-XVI century. The 29Si MAS NMR technique integrated with
XRPD lead to the characterisation of all the different aluminium silicate phases present in the clay and the
formation of a new phase during the firing. The 27Al MAS and 3Q-MAS allowed us to have information on
the Al fine structure in the different phases. In the case of the ceramic shard here studied, the lack of
octahedral sites suggests that the breakdown of clay minerals, as illite, is already occurred. Therefore the
firing temperature was almost around 900 °C.
In addition, some tests on dried oil were also carried out with the aim to characterise by NMR the oil binding
media in paintings. An oil paint consists of a “mobile phase” easily separable by a suitable solvent extraction
from a cross-linked “stationary phase” of lipid nature containing solid pigments. The composition of the
extracted mobile phase can give information regarding the levels of hydrolysis and oxidation occurred in an
oil painting during aging: in fact, during aging, the glyceridic profile of the mobile phase of paint undergoes
relevant modifications. In order to valuate the potentiality of the NMR spectroscopy as analytical technique
to study the mobile phase of the binding medium in oil paintings, a preliminary examination on a film
prepared by coating glass slides with linseed oil was finalized.
The NMR analysis of two different widespread commercial linseed oils (from Aldrich and Zecchi
companies) will be considered. In the model oil paint extract, triglycerides, TG, are mainly present as
saturated fatty chains: the poly-unsaturated fatty chains (present in the linseed oils) undergo a cross
polymerisation, building up the stationary phase. It was found that the study of the chemical composition of
the mobile phase can give information on the ongoing processes of hydrolysis and oxidation; in fact during
the aging it is expected that TG content of the extract decreases, whereas the amount of mono and
diglycerides reached a maximum concentration and then decreases for hydrolysis to glycerol and fatty
chains.
Development of a new mobile NMR system for the study of paintings (Subtask 1.3 Resp.: RWTH)
For the special case of mutilayer objects, such as paintings, experiments were carried out in order to
characterise the in-situ performances of the NMR-MOUSE depth profiler on real paintings. In July 2005 the
first measurements on ancient paintings were carried out at the Galleria Nazionale dell‟Umbria in Perugia. It
is important to stress that the complete NMR instrumentation, including computer, spectrometer, NMR-
MOUSE, and lift for the profiling, can be packed in a suitcase and can be carried by one person (a really
portable NMR system!). Several paintings have been studied, such as a panel by the Maestro del Farneto, a
Virgin with Child by Gentile da Fabriano, the Adorazione dei Magi by Perugino, and the Tryptic of
Sant‟Antonio by Piero della Francesca. In the used NMR device, the sensor was placed on a table that was
moved up and down on order to control the vertical position, while the lateral position was controlled simply
by displacement of the sensor. The more critical direction is along the depth, where the space resolution is
about 20 micrometers. It is worth to note that during the measurement there is no need to have any contact
with the painting. Once the plate is aligned, the sensor is moved respect to the plate by a high-precision lift.
After the tests, the NMR depth profiler was revealed as a very appropriate device to measure the thickness of
different layers in paintings, such as paint preparation - “preparazione and “incamottatura” - with a
resolution of about 20 microns.
This is the first time that this information can be obtained without any sampling from the painting. In these
cases only the high depth resolution was exploited while the lateral resolution was simply given by the rf coil
selection (of the order of 1x1cm2). To improve the lateral resolution from centimetres to millimetres, a more
advanced methodology called Fourier Imaging can be used. The Fourier Imaging method requires, however,
a gradient coil system to generate pulse gradients along the two lateral directions that are going to be imaged.


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The significant enhancements obtained in this task, suggest strongly at the second JRA2 Group meeting in
Lisbon (May 2006) a third working year, initially unforeseen and a consequent request to the Commission
for a contract amendment to extend the participation of RWTH (responsible for this activity) for the same
period.
More detailed information is available in deliverables D28, D29, and D30.

JRA2 Task 2 - New devices for multispectral imaging of painted surfaces in the near infrared. Task
Leader: OADC; Participants: CNR-INOA, OADC
Preparation and characterisation of standards of layered painting materials (Subtask 2.1 Resp. OADC
and OPD)
OADC samples. Within the period between the 12th and the 18th month special reference samples were
developed on wooden panels of gradually higher paint layer thickness in order to study the transmission and
reflection of the IR radiation through them. Spectra of these samples were then acquired in the visible, near
infrared (nIR) and mid infrared (mIR) area of the spectrum (up to 4500nm).
The panels with samples of different (gradually higher) thickness were prepared in successive steps, as
follows: first, all eight parts of one pigment sample were painted at once in 2 or 3 layers of paint, then one
part was masked out and the remaining seven layers were painted again in 2 or 3 layers. Then two parts were
masked and the remaining six were painted, and so forth. Between each step, the paint was allowed to dry
satisfactorily. The panels were set-aside for one month to dry well before the first measurements were taken.
The panels for the samples of different thickness were prepared by lightly scoring rectangles, separated in 8
parts, each one of 2x5cm. These were then split in two lengthwise, one half painted in 3 layers of carbon
black with egg as a binding medium and the other scored in pencil with diagonal lines, again on one half of
its area.
In deliverable D33, all the first testing measurements on the panels are provided. The first measurements
were carried out with a Perkin ELMER Lambda 900 spectrophotometer in the wavelength range of 200-2400
nm.
OPD samples. Analogous samples were prepared by OPD. Within JRA2 project, the Opificio delle Pietre
Dure contributed to Task1 (NMR methods) and Task2 (Multispectral imaging) by providing multilayer
painted standards. During the first year, some pictorial standards were prepared and a preliminary
characterisation had been carried out on microsample cross sections by means of optical microscopy under
both visible and UV light. During the second year, new characterisations were carried out; in order to have a
standard complete stratigraphical characterisation in terms of thickness and composition of the paint layers,
the samples have been analysed by Scanning Electron Microscopy and Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy
(SEM-EDS), which measures the energy and intensity distribution of X-ray signals generated by the electron
beam striking the surface of the specimen.
The samples were examined by a Cambridge Stereoscan 440i, coupled with an Oxford 5431 microprobe
(Software LINK ISIS) which provided the microanalyses. The accelerating voltage was 20 kV, the beam
current 120 pA. In order to better distinguish the different constituent phases and elements in the various
areas, a back-scattered electrons detector was used (BSE)
Results of the characterisations are in deliverable D32.
Assembling of NIR-imaging equipments. (Subtask 2.3 Resp.: OADC and CNR-INOA)
High wavelength resolution through imaging (Resp.: OADC):
Use of a standard interferometer for a basic spectrometer: a basic NIR-mIR spectrometer; from the
commercial spectrometer available either the PE Spectrum One NTS or a Nicolet NIR or a Bruker
spectrometer are the preferred systems in terms of energy throughput; the MIR scanner from Oriel is very
limited in energy to meet the overall goals; The PE system is finally preferred for price /performance
reasons.



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External Integration Sphere: an external integration sphere was chosen as the best approach, as far as
wavelength range and signal/noise are concerned, in order to provide the possibility to the user to perform in-
situ measurements. The integration sphere is gold coated in order to reflect the radiation within the
wavelength range from 800 nm to 4500 nm.
nIR-mIR fibers: the solution are: 1. gold coated lightpipes which are subject to low energy throughout and
very high sensitivity to mechanical movement; 2. chalcogenide (CaF2) fibers are critical in mechanical
movement and tend to break, however, regarding the transmission characteristics, they are superior to gold
coated light pipes; 3. heavy metal fluorides (e.g. Zr) seem to be the most promising solution, as they are
mechanically stable with high energy throuput; price is also convenient.
Detector: possible detectors compatible with he solution of the PE spectrometer were: DTGS and MCT. The
MCT detector shows about a 100 fold higher sensitivity than the standard DTGS detector; they are available
with Peltier thermostat, without liquid nitrogen cooling, and at a justifiable price.
Integration sphere design and assembly: The probe for in situ measurement was assembled using an
integration sphere of gold surface in order to have the possibility to integrate the radiation in the specified
wavelengths up to 4500nm. The spot size of the probe is a circle with a diameter of 2mm approximately.
Initial evaluation of the system. Measurements were acquired from the already developed reference samples
in order to verify the penetration of the radiation to the paint layers of the artworks. The measurements were
applied to the reference panel with the pigments painted with gradually increasing thickness. The spectra
acquired by the developed device are the same with the previous spectra acquired with the Perkin Elmer
Lambda 900 (spectra provided in Deliverable D33-Appendix 1) in the overlapping area 800-2500nm. This
fact ensures that the device works efficiently. The radiation penetrates even the thickest layers, since the
spectra have lower reflectivity over the white background while the thickness increases. In the case of the
black background the reflectivity increases while the thickness of the layer increase.
Several examples of spectra are reported in Deliverable D33-Appendix 2.
High resolution imaging at fixed NIR wavelengths (Resp. CNR-INOA)
During the second year of the project the following significant activities have been carried out:
- definition of a new set of cost-effective IR detectors;
- design and realization of the filter holders;
- design and realization of the sub-rack unit;
- realization of the first bundle prototype;
- definition of the electronic interface specifications and realisation of the first prototype;
- realisation of the power supply board;
- assemblage of the opto-electronic components in the sub-rack unit.
A set of filter holders were designed to host the 14 filters and the photodiodes. Depending on filter
dimensions and detector shape, they were studied to have the best match between the fiber output and the
detector sensitive area.
A purpose-build sub-rack unit was then designed to keep all the detectors together. It also comprehends a
power supply unit and an interface whose output goes directly to ADC by means of a flat cable.
A first prototype of 16 fiber bundle was realized. 14 VIS-NIR and 2 UV-VIS multi-mode optical fibers were
used, with a cladding diameter of 230 micron. In order to properly align in a square-shaped bundle the 16
fibers, a 1 mm groove was dig. The 16 fibers were then stick all together with a two-component glue.
The sub-rack unit is composed by several parts, each one with specific characteristics. The block D powers
all the 14 photodiodes; blocks A, B and C correspond to channels I-III, IV-XI and XII-XIV, respectively.
Block E is the electronic board that collects the output signals from all the photodiodes. InGaAs photodiodes
in channels from 4 to 11 need both a current-to-voltage converter and a pre-amplification stage.
A purposely-designed electronic interface was designed, the first board was realised and the necessary
boards (PCB) ordered. The power supply block is composed of a quadruple-output AC/DC power supply and



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an electronic board. The former device supplies either ±5 V or ±15 V depending on the PD type. Since the
photodiodes (block C) are cooled, they also need a +2.5 V supply for the thermoelectric cooler.
The detectors were mounted and connected to the prototype electronic interface. The assembly of the
remaining channels (blue and green rectangles) is not completed yet since we are still waiting for the
delivery of the interfaces.
Details are in Deliverable D33.

JRA2 Task 3 - A new device for in-situ XRD&XRF measurements. Task Leader: CNRS-C2RMF;
Participants: CNRS-C2RMF, UNI-PG
Research on optimal conditions for in situ XRD characterisation of art and archaeological materials
(Subtask 3.1) and Assembling of the device components. Design of the system control (Subtask 3.3)
Resp.: CNRS-C2RMF
The target of this task is to establish the best configuration for an experimental compact system for in situ
studies of artworks by both X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and diffraction (XRD). During the first year, a careful
study and assessment of the possible geometries was made and general specifications were established. In
particular, the energy dispersive X ray diffraction (ED-XRD) option was ruled out, based on a pure literature
survey. During the second year these aspects were deepened and diffraction experiments to compare the
performance of ED-XRD with traditional angular detection were carried out. The results of the
measurements confirmed the initial choice.
Another choice has been evaluated during the second year, concerning the detection system of the diffracted
beams. An imaging plate system wax purchased and tested for XRD pattern recording and analysis of the
data. The system had good performances. The possibility to use a unique X ray source for XRF and XRD
measurements was investigated (X-ray energy around 8 keV corresponding to copper anode) and an
evaluation of the performance of portable XRF for quantitative analysis was finally carried out.
Energy dispersive X-ray diffraction experiments (sub-task 3.1) Energy dispersive methods allow scientists to
recognise the crystal structure of the sample (d-spacing) by analysing the energy of the peaks present in the
spectra, acquired at a fixed angle θ. Energy Dispersive X-ray diffraction (ED-XRD) experiments have been
carried out at the Laboratoire de Cristallographie (CNRS UPR 5031) in Grenoble in order to test the
performance of this method for a portable XRD equipment.
The following instrumentation was used during the test:
- Cu anode X-ray tube biased at 40 kV and 40 mA;
- Si(Li) detector, 8 μs peaking time, nominal energy resolution of 180 eV @ Mn Kα line (5.898 eV);
- Goniometre to rotate detector and sample, independently.
A few different specimens have been analysed: polycrystalline silicon, quartz, calcite and calcite covered by
a thin layer of goethite.
The measurements were carried out at 2 or 3 different 2θ angles for each sample. The change of angle
resulted in a shift of the diffracted peak position (energy). Although the measurements showed that it is
possible to identify the diffraction peaks by using this method, the technique appeared not suitable for a good
mineral identification with a portable instrument. Indeed, the diffraction peak intensity was weak and the
peak width was quite large, due to the detector solid angle acceptance. The superposition of peaks created
additional difficulties. Finally, it was found that fluorescence can strongly interfere with diffraction making
its identification uncertain (fluorescence peaks are usually much more intense than those of diffraction).
In principle these problems could be overcome by carrying out systematic measurements at several different
angles. This could be done by using a multi-element (array or linear) detector or several single detectors
located at different 2 angles. This solution would allow scientists to evaluate the geometry and to separate
diffraction and fluorescence peaks. However, this would require a complex and heavy equipment, not
suitable in this case, and also a non-trivial data analysis.


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All these data supported the initial idea, simply based on literature information, to rule out the ED-XRD for
the new portable system to be realized.
 X-ray Diffraction experiments with Imaging Plate (IP) (sub-task 3.1) Experiments were performed at the
Laboratoire de Cristallographie (CNRS UPR 5031) in Grenoble. The source used was a Philips C-Tech type
X-ray tube, with Cu anode and a maximum power of 2200 W (60 kV). The X-ray beam was
monochromatised by means of two mirrors. The divergence of the beam was approximately 0.05° (0.9 mrad)
and its dimension was around 1.5mm x 1mm in the centre of the goniometer, with a flux of around 107 ph/s.
The tube was biased at 50 kV and 40 mA.
Different kinds of samples and different times of measurement have been taken into account in order to test
the system. For each sample two XRD detector systems have been used:
    - a conventional scintillator detector, with a monochromator in front of it, in a -2 configuration
    - an Imaging Plate (IP) perpendicular to the incident X-ray beam at distance of around 20 cm from
         sample, with  being the angle between X-ray beam and sample surface.
The same peaks were detected from both detectors, one validating each other. However, due to the absence
of energy selection in the diffracted beams before the IP, the iron fluorescence induced a strong signal at low
angle. It was eliminated by a back monochromator associated to the scintillator detector with a loss of
intensity. Nevertheless, the signal to noise ratio was very satisfactory for the IP recording. Therefore,
although it is in principle useful to collect good diffraction patterns, a back monochromator for the portable
XRD-XRF system is not yet designed. The question of the interest of such device is still under investigation.
However, the imaging plate (IP) detector is a good reusable 2D recording film. The IP detector is a valid
alternative to the scintillator (point detector): the measurement times are comparable (around 20 to 30
minutes for both), even if IP seems to be more efficient. Imaging plates have the big advantage of being a
two-dimensional low-noise system, with flexible mounting and it is wireless; this allows to collect data in a
parallel detection configuration. On the other hand, a scanning of the IP is necessary to read the data and the
scanner requires around 3 minutes to read the recorded image. In practice, the IP detection does not allow
online measurements and the results are visible only at the end of the scanning process. The scanner is about
10 kg weight and can be located at some distance (building; truck) from the very location of work.
Optimal X ray fluorescence (XRF) conditions (sub-task 3.2) Two main problems have been addressed to
determine the optimal conditions of XRF analysis of the surface of works of art: I-quantitaive measurements
by portable XRF; II- choice of the appropriate unique X-ray source for both XRD and XRF measurements.
I- Quantitative measurements are not common when using a portable XRF for in situ analysis. To check the
possibility of quantitative measurements, glazes of Della Robbia were studied, with the aim of determining
concentrations of lead, tin, and colouring transition ions. The measurements were performed with the
portable X ray system of the CNRS-C2RMF equipped with a silver anode X ray source and a SDD energy
dispersive detector. The system worked in the cathedral of Sevilla (Spain) had to be positioned on
scaffoldings and adjusted at given distances to the surface of the objects in order to make possible the
quantitative analysis. The good reproducibility of the conditions of measurements is crucial for the quality of
the chemical analysis. Helium has been flown, through a “nose” adapted on the detector, in a few
measurements in order to increase the intensities of the collected signals at energies below 2-3 keV (Si, Al,
Na). This rendered quantitative analysis more difficult because the gas flow had a poorly controlled mixture
of air and helium, hence requesting to adjust the simulation parameters to achieve a full description of the
whole fluorescence spectra. However, the use of helium was essential to have concentration data on light
elements, Na being the limit of the possibility of the technique. A new software was developed to correctly
interpret the spectra in terms of quantitative results. The final results were satisfactory leading to a good
accuracy for concentration values and acceptable limits of detection.
II- XRF analysis are normally carried out using a source with X rays covering a wide range of energy
(“brehmstrahlung”). Therefore, it is common to use X ray tubes with high Z anodes (Ag, Rh, W). They are
well adapted to the fluorescence excitation of a large number of elements, however, they are inadequate for
XRD with the most intense characteristic X ray (K-lines) of Ag, Rh or W that have wavelengths λ ten times
shorter than for the commonly used copper tubes (see progress report June 2004 - May 2005). It was found
that a Cu anode tube could be used for both XRF and XRD works.

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The use of Cu as material target for an X-ray tube is really convenient for diffraction.
On the other hand, the use of Cu anode can limit the quality of XRF measurements because of a reduced
excitation due to the small “brehmstrahlung” of copper. In addition, the K and K lines of Cu appear in the
XRF spectrum as Rayleigh scattering of the x-ray tube. This prevents from univocally determining whether
Cu is one of the constituents of the analysed sample. In order to overcome this ambiguity, some XRF
measurements with a portable Cu Moxtek X ray tube (3 W power) provided with an Al filter have been
carried out. The measurements were acquired by biasing the tube at 30kV and 90µA, and using an
acquisition time of 300 s.
It was found that the technique can work properly. The limit at high energy comes mostly from the band pass
of the EDX detectors (for 3 mm Si, efficiency drops at 35 keV).
Design of the XRD/XRF system, geometry of the components (sub task 3.3) The fluorescence and diffraction
system will be based on an X ray source equipped with a polycapillary optics to control the divergence of the
beam and maximise the flux of photons. A system for filters (Al, etc.) will be incorporated. The X rays will
impinge the specimen at an angle of 10-15°. Perpendicular to the specimen at the measurement point, an
EDX detector will be placed for XRD. On the opposite side, the imaging plate will be perpendicular to the
incident beam. Depending on the conclusions of a study in progress, an analysing system for the diffracted
beams will, very likely, be inserted between the specimen and the IP. The total weight is expected to be
between 30 and 35 kg. The whole system should be easy to handle and to set up for measurements.

JRA2 Task 4 - A joint micro-Raman & micro-Fluorimeter new portable apparatus. Task Leader: UNI-PG;
Participants: CNRS-C2RMF, UNI-PG
Spectroscopic characterisation of standards (Subtask 4.1) and Elaboration of the spectroscopic methods
for the diagnosis of organic matter on polychrome surfaces. (Subtask 4.2) Resp.: UNI-PG.
Subtask 4.1 A spectral database of vibrational and electronic absorption and emission properties of dyes and
lakes as powder, on painting models, on textile models and in solution has been set-up. It contains about 15
reference dyes/lakes belonging to the following classes: anthraquinonic, flavonoid, and indigoid. Raman
spectra have been acquired with 532nm and 785 excitation line, while fluorescence spectra with 350, 400
and 532 nm (see Deliverables D37 and D38).
Subtask 4.2 - On the basis of the spectroscopic characterization of standard models containing dyes and lake
specific method for the non-invasive identification of some class of molecules has been attempted based on:
1. XRF measurements (identification of some mordent metals); 2. UV-vis reflectance measurements; 3.
selection of appropriate excitation wavelength for UV-vis emission; 4. MicroRaman measurements in case of
low fluorescence signals.
Table 19: JRA2 - Outline implementation plan toward the objectives containing tasks, milestones and deliverables defined in the
contract that have been achieved during the reporting period

Task            Milestones                          Deliverables                  Delivered by    Date      Actual/      Person/
                                                                                  Task Leader/     Due     Forecast      Months
                                                                                  Contractor(s)   month    Delivery
 T1      NMR characterization          D26: Progress Report (grouping 4 Tasks)    UNI-PG, OPD      18         18             7
         of porous materials           on methodology for in-situ
                                       characterization of stone water related
                                       properties
 T1      Progress in NMR               D27-Progress report on NMR MOUSE           RWTH, UNI-       18         18             5
         MOUSE depth profiler          depth profiler.                               PG
 T1      Progress report on the        D28: Progress Report on Mobile             RWTH, UNI-       24         24            12
         Mobile Magnetic               Magnetic Resonance Tomography:                PG
         Resonance                     Protocol for non-experts.
         Tomography
 T1      Methodology for lab           D29: Progress report on            NMR     UNI-PG, OPD      24          24           10
         NMR characterization          characterisation of dried oil
         of dried oil


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 T1      Methodology for lab           D30: Progress report on NMR                   UNI-PG,     24          24            8
         NMR characterization          characterisation of water related             RWTH
         of water related              properties of stones and clay firing
         properties of stones

 T2      Microscopic and               D31: Progress report on micro- and          OADC, CNR-    18          18            7
         spectroscopic                 spectroscopic characterisation of           INOA, OPD
         characterisation of           standards
         standards. Advances
         on IR imaging
         assembling.
 T2      Microscopic and               D32: Progress report on micro- and          OADC, CNR-    24          24           10
         spectroscopic                 spectroscopic characterisation of           INOA, OPD
         characterisation of           standards
         standards. Advances
         on IR imaging
         assembling.
 T2      First results on study of     D33: Progress report on first results on    OADC, CNR-    24          24           11
         IR radiation                  study of IR radiation penetration depth       INOA
         penetration depth and         and IR imaging in both versions
         IR imaging in both
         versions

 T3      Approach to the               D34: Progress report : optimal              CNRS-C2RMF,   18          18           14
         optimal conditions for        conditions fir artwork XRD studies;           UNI-PG
         XRD studies and               XRF/XRD system design
         XRD/XRF system
         design and assembling
 T3      Study on optimal              D35: Progress report on XRD geometry        CNRS-C2RMF,   24          24           25
         geometry for non              optimisation for in-situ XRD                  UNI-PG
         destructive XRD and
         XRF measurements
         (partial).


 T3      Assembling of device          D36: Progress report on optimisation for    CNRS-C2RMF,   24          24           17
         components (partial)          in-situ XRF measurements                      UNI-PG

 T4      Vibrational and               D37: Progress report on vibrational and       UNI-PG,     18          18            6
         electronic                    electronic characterization of samples of   CNRS-C2RMF
         characterization of           pure dyes, lakes, binders and varnishes
         samples of pure dyes,
         lakes and binders
         (partial)
 T4      Vibrational and               D38: Progress report on vibrational and       UNI-PG,     24          24           10
         electronic                    electronic characterization of samples of   CNRS-C2RMF
         characterization of           pure dyes, lakes, binders and varnishes
         samples of pure dyes,
         lakes and binders
         (final)



1.5.2-2 Meetings and Workshops held during the reporting period
During the second year two JRA2 Group meeting were held, where participants presented and discussed
collectively the advancement of the work, and to draw conclusions on the best options to reach the planned
achievements of the milestones.



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The first JRA2 Group Meeting was held in Paris, at CNRS-C2RMF on November 22, 2005. The attendees
have presented the progress results, several items were discussed and defined, some questions and answers
many points were clarified. A diffusion plan for the second year was elaborated. The significant
enhancements obtained in Sub-task 1.3, suggest a third working year, initially unforeseen and an ensuing
request to the Commission for a contract amendment to extend the participation of RWTH (responsible for
this activity) to a third year
The second JRA2 Group Meeting coincided with the Second Annual Meeting in Lisbon (May 2-3, 2006).
Aim of the meeting was to open the discussion on the annual results and the forecasted activities.
Reports on the meetings are available at http://www.eu-artech.org.
Table 20: JRA2 - Meetings and Workshops during the reporting period organised by

      Date                        Title/            Location                Contractors /                  Notes
                             subject of event                               participants
                                                                                No.          [Eu-ARTECH Website:
                                                                                               http://www.eu-artech.org 
19-20                Workshop on “Non-invasive     Perugia, IT        UNI-PG, OPD, ICN, NGL,   Programme, list of
September            NMR in cultural heritage”                             RWTH [37]           participants, and report in
2005                                                                                           Deliverable D4
22 November          JRA2 Group meeting             Paris, FR          UNI-PG, CNRS-C2RMF,     Minutes on Eu-ARTECH
2005                                                                  OPD, OADC, RWTH, CNR-    website (Consortium
                                                                             INOA 14         restricted area)
3 May 2006           JRA2 Group meeting            Lisbon, PT          UNI-PG, CNRS-C2RMF,     Minutes on Eu-ARTECH
                                                                      OPD, OADC, RWTH, CNR-    website (Consortium
                                                                             INOA 24         restricted area)



In occasions of interventions of Consortium members on the themes of JRA2 at meetings and conferences
within the second year, a wide diffusion has been given to the project “Imaging and spectroscopy” and more
in general to Eu-ARTECH activities, as in the case of:
-C. Miliani - In situ study on Renaissance lusterwares by Mastro Giorgio Andreoli by fiber optic Raman
microscopy, 3rd International Conference on Raman in Art and Archaeology, Paris, 31 August-3 September
2005;
-B.Brunetti - Science for the study and conservation of artworks (invited plenary lecture) 19th European
Colloquium on High Resolution Molecular Spectroscopy, Salamanca, Spain, 11-16 September 2005;
-B. Blümich - Mobile NMR: Geophysics and Cultural Heritage, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque,13
May 2006;
-B. Blümich, Portable NMR and Cultural Heritage, Metropolitan Museum of Arts, New York, 11 May
2006;
-F. Casanova, J. Perlo, and B. Blümich, High-resolution sample profiling by Single-Sided NMR, 8th
International Conference on Magnetic Resonance Microscopy (Heidelberg Conference), Utsunomiya, Japan,
August 2005;
-G. Karagiannis, IR multispectral imaging, 7th European Commission Conference "SAVEUR", (poster
session), Prague, Czech Republic, May 31st-June 2nd, 2006.
The advances in NMR depth profiling in cultural heritage were also presented during the 5th Colloquium on
Mobile NMR, Perugia, Italy, September 2005 co-organised by Eu-ARTECH, through the presentations: F.
Presciutti, J. Perlo, B. Blümich, B. Brunetti, A. Sgamellotti, Application of the Profile NMR-MOUSE to
paintings: from models to ancient artworks and F. Casanova, J. Perlo, B. Blümich, Profiles with microscopic
resolution by single-sided NMR. As already mentioned above, the Colloquium was preceded by the
workshop on “Non-invasive NMR and Cultural Heritage” comprising educational lectures and practical



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application exercises with mobile NMR equipment. Operative training included demonstrations on the use of
the Unilateral NMR depth-profiler.


1.5.2-3 Significant achievements during the reporting period and their impact
Activities developed during the second year highlighting the relevant potentialities of the methodologies
developed for the study of different artwork materials. It has been clearly shown that NMR techniques can be
successfully applied to characterise dried oils, as well as water absorption in stones. In particular, water
related properties can be considered by portable unilateral NMR relaxometry techniques. In addition to these
planned actions, further measurements have been carried out on clay firing, as a deepening of a previous
study carried out during the first year. New experiments were carried out on fired and unfired clays from the
historical site of Deruta (Italy), a relevant centre for the ceramic production in central Italy during the
Renaissance. The multitechnique measurements, including Magic Angle Spinning (MAS) and Multiple
Quantum - Magic Angle Spinning (MQ-MAS) NMR put in evidence how it is possible to characterise
structural modifications during firing, using these parameters as a profitable tool to identify the kiln
temperatures in fired clays.
The performances of the newly developed NMR portable device for non-invasive depth-profile
measurements in paintings were carefully tested, demonstrating advantages and limits of the system. It has
been shown that the device is a unique system to measure, with a resolution of less than 20 micron and
without touching the painting surface, the thickness of painting layers, of the panel preparation by glue and
gypsum, and the so-called incamottatura, a layer of a textile applied on the wood of the panel, before the
preparation. In the case of a Renaissance panel painting, in the rooms of the National Gallery of Umbria in
Perugia, it has been possible to reveal the unusual presence of a double incamottatura. Regarding the
technical developments, substantial advances have been done to improve the lateral resolution of the profiler.
The probe-head has been modified to pass from a lateral resolution of 1 cm to 1mm, towards a better 3D
characterisation.
Substantial advances have been done also in the realisation of the two IR-multispectral imaging instruments
(Task 2). The possibility to control the penetration of the IR radiation into the various painting layers has
been verified. Through the use of standard paintings, the different penetration of IR radiation into different
layers was demonstrated, although the study needs further deepening. In addition to these relevant aspects,
the assembling of the two devices proceeded successfully and the various assembled sections were checked
to work properly.
Regarding the system for different X-ray analyses on the same subject, such as XRD-XRF measurements
(task 3), the possible choice of utilise an Energy Dispersive X-Ray technique was definitely discarded in
favour of a traditional configuration. An imaging plate was experimented to be a good 2D detector and a
general system was designed having a total weight of about 35 kg, ideal for a portable instrument. In parallel
to this design and first assembling, a methodology for quantitative measurements by portable XRF was
experimented with good results on glazes of Renaissance Florentine wares.
Finally, many test measurements were carried out in Task 4, towards the realisation of a device for double
micro-Raman micro-fluorescence measurements. The recorded Raman and fluorescence spectra on standards
are a good series of data indispensable for a correct check of the instrumental performances and for the better
interpretation of the future results (see Deliverable D38).
In conclusion, the foreseen activities of JRA2 during the second year had a satisfactory development: all the
milestones have been achieved, with no deviation from the original plans.




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     1.6.              Update of the non-confidential Project information

1.6.1 Project objectives and summary
The primary goals of Eu-ARTECH are to enhance cooperation in conservation that will promote the
diffusion of the highest research levels, develop potential new applications and appropriate services, and
offer opportunities for young scientists and operators.
At the same time, it will
    - facilitate the sharing of best practices and the establishment of standards in conservation;
    - achieve a permanent interoperability among the participating infrastructures;
    - establish cooperation and exchange of knowledge with the other infrastructures in the field;
    - diffuse common best practices and related technologies;
    - support open access to unique infrastructures developed at the national level towards new
        perspectives of the conservation of the European cultural heritage.

In consideration of the above listed objectives, a Consortium of twelve European research institutions
operating in the field of conservation has been established. All the Eu-ARTECH partners are presently
operating in cooperative national and international interdisciplinary programmes with curators, conservators,
archaeologists and art-historians. Some of them are scientific infrastructures directly interfaced with relevant
European museums, some have responsibility at a national level for study, safeguard and conservation-
restoration of Cultural Heritage, and others are Universities or public research centres active in the field and
therefore represent, in their own countries, an important model for the overall community concerned with the
study and conservation-restoration of cultural heritage.

The project activities are expressed as follows:

1. Networking is devoted to exchanging knowledge between a large number of scientists, diffusing good
practices in conservation, defining common protocols and/or standards, and supporting other common work-
parameters that improve the quality of research, and conservation-restoration.
2. Transnational access to advanced facilities is offered by a single high-level infrastructure (C2RMF,
Louvre Museum, FR) and by a unified group of joint infrastructures (UNI-PG, CNR-ICVBC, OPD, CNR-
INOA, IT), and opens to users working in Europe and associated countries, particularly first-time users.
There are two components into the Transnational access programme:
           A1 – AGLAE (Accelerator Based System for Ion Beam Analysis) where non-destructive elemental
           analyses are carried out with high sensitivity and precision is situated in a unique environment of
           scientists having a large expertise on artwork materials. Analytical techniques available are: PIXE
           (particle induced X-ray emission), PIGE (particle induced gamma-ray emission), RBS (Rutherford
           Back-Scattering), and others.
           A2 – MOLAB (Mobile Laboratory) where a unique collection of portable or transportable
           instrumentation, together with staff competent on methods and materials, allows performing in-situ
           non-destructive measurements for studies on artworks and for the evaluation of conservation-
           restoration methods (directly in a museum exhibition room, or on the scaffold of a restoration
           workshop, or on an archaeological site). Techniques available are: high-resolution IR-colour
           scanning reflectography, laser micro-prophilometry, X-ray fluorescence, mid-FT-IR spectroscopy,
           near-IR spectroscopy, Vis spectroscopy, UV-Vis fluorescence, micro-Raman, fluorescence imaging,
           NMR-relaxometry, and others.
3. Joint research activities. Two research projects are committed to enhance new technical capabilities to
improve the performances of the participating infrastructures and the quality of the offered service.
In the first Project, the development and evaluation of new treatments for the conservation of outdoor stone
and bronze monuments is envisaged. The objective is to clarify and define advantages and limitations of new
conservation treatments on outdoor monuments, compare new and traditional methods and encourage their


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use, based on clear scientific and ethical criteria (i.e. choice of methods and materials after a careful
scientific analysis of the artwork‟s state of conservation, in the full respect of its historical value, etc.).
The second Project is building up to investigate new methods in diagnostics (imaging and spectroscopy). The
involved teams will develop new diagnosis paradigms through innovative in-situ non-destructive and non-
contact measurements, thereby enhancing the quality of the services that are offered to the cultural heritage
community.
All these activities are interconnected and, since they converge to strengthen cooperation between
Consortium and external institutions, they have the critical mass needed to create a good level for European
research in this field. Many of the beneficiaries of Networking, i.e. in the technical meeting, and many of
those benefiting from Access are students and postdocs, so highlight training is an integral part of Eu-
ARTECH.


1.6.1-1 Networking Activities
Networking acts as a primary opportunity to develop the trans-national links and cooperation which build
and strengthen the research community. It also plays a critical role in exchange of knowledge, diffusion of
good practices in conservation and definition of common work-parameters to improve the comparability of
results and, therefore, quality of research. The activity concerns two finalised networks:
-Sharing knowledge and resources, to diffuse the best analytical procedures and to promote the adoption of
standards.
-Methods and materials in conservation, where participants are called to exchange information on used
materials and methods in conservation and promote the use of common strategies.


1.6.1-2 Transnational Access
Access Activities are a key component of the Eu-ARTECH who offers two coherent Transnational Access
programmes (AGLAE and MOLAB) aimed at improving the use of advanced facilities to the EU
researcher‟s community of in the field of artwork studies and conservation.
Request of access to AGLAE and MOLAB can be presented by European users using a simple proposal form
(modality described in the Eu-ARTECH website: http:// www.eu-artech.org). Decisions on access are to be
made by scientific peer reviews who understand the details of the proposed work and the technical
capabilities of the individual infrastructures, with a flexible administrative mechanism through a transparent
process based on appropriate criteria, e.g. mainly, scientific need and significance on a European scale.
The users of the selected proposals, once eligibility criteria are satisfied, obtain free access to the requested
facility, including infrastructure and logistical support, scientific and technical assistance, and (for AGLAE)
travel and subsistence grants. In case of MOLAB, the granted users receive the "mobile laboratory" in the
same place where they are working with an intervention fully supported by EC.
In the two first years of the project, Eu-ARTECH has delivered 195 days of Access to the participating
facilities (compared to 182 planned), supporting 36 experiments involving scientists from 12 countries. The
calls had a six-month cadence. At each deadline, satisfactory numbers of proposals of high scientific level
were presented, always involving studies and research on objects of great interest.
Experiments completed through the Access programmes are from different fields such as Art-history,
Archaeology, Physics, Chemistry, or Material Science.
Relevant artworks have been studied, such as Leonardo and Bronzino paintings, Renaissance majolicas,
Byzanthine mural paintings, metal point drawings, ancient glasses, etc. Access has been requested by researchers
of Italy, Romania, Spain, Belgium, Austria, Norway, Greece, Germany, UK, France, Czech Rep, Macedonia,
Poland, and Russia, who obtained access in most cases.




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1.6.1-3 Joint Research Activities
An integral part of JRA1 Project involves sampling of comparison of the newly developed and traditional
methods and encouraging the use of methods based on clear scientific-ethical criteria and new technologies
(i.e. choice of methods and materials after a careful scientific study of the artwork state of conservation,
using advanced non-invasive examination techniques, in full respect of the artwork and historical value).
For each one of the lithotypes studied the best protocols has been successfully achieved for the stone chosen
treatments and for the ageing procedures, in the same way, an authoritative procedure was chosen, in order to
have samples ready to be treated that mimic the condition of conservation of materials in natural
environment. For bronze, the different treatments (organic, inorganic, biological corrosion inhibitors ones)
were tested and characterised (by colorimetric measurement, micro-FT-IR, EIS, etc.). The most promising
final treatments were chosen, to be applied to the aged samples.
Furthermore, JRA2 Project worked on various new analytical methodologies for artwork diagnostics and
authentication, testing emerging applications and assembling new equipments, with the validation of their
performances.
Boosted by a substantial increase in the planned work, the two first year high-quality results of research
activities is becoming tangible, and the initial SMEs interests for the forthcoming deliverables are growing
closer. A new device for the non-invasive measurement of depth profiles in painting have been developed and its
performances have been described at the Workshop on Non-invasive NMR and Cultural Heritage, held in
Perugia in September 2005, comprising educational lectures and practical training exercises.
Taking into account the IPR issues for further use of results, the first advancements of both Joint research
activities have been diffused at the 7th European Commission Conference "SAVEUR", May 31st-June 2nd,
2006 Prague, Czech Republic.




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2. LIST OF DELIVERABLES


Table 21: Deliverables planned and/or achieved during the reporting period [sorted by "Activities"]

 Del. No.                      Deliverable              Task     Delivered by Contractor(s)      Month       Achieved          Type /
                                                         No.          Lead Contractor /           due        (months)       Dissemina
                                                                        Responsible                                         -tion level
                                                 N1 - Sharing knowledge and resources

                                                         T1c     CNRS-C2RMF, ICN, KIK-                18         18
               A Standardised Format for reporting               IRPA, NGL, OADC
  D1 (1)       natural organic substances
               investigation                                     (Contributions from all
                                                                 contractors)
                                                         T1c     CNRS-C2RMF, KIK-IRPA,                18         18           R/PU
               Report on advances in                             ICN, NGL, OADC
  D1(2)
               Interlaboratory comparison                        (Contributions from all
                                                                 contractors)
                                                         T1c     CNRS-C2RMF, NGL, ICN,                24         24
               A standard Format for reporting
 D1(final)                                                       KIK-IRPA, OADC, UNI-
               analytical data by HPLC
                                                                 PG
                                                         T2a     ICN, NGL, KIK-IRPA,                  18         18           R/PU
               Report on Overview on reference
    D2                                                           OADC, CNRS-C2RMF,
               material sharing (18 months)
                                                                 UNI-PG,
               Report on Advances on reference           T2a     ICN, OADC, NGL, ICN,                 24         24             R/
    D3
               material sharing                                  KIK-IRPA, UNI-PG
               Report on the NMR Workshop                T2c     UNI-PG, ICN, NGL, OPD                18         18           R/PU
    D4         [Books of Abstracts available on
               Eu-ARTECH website-restricted area]
                                                         T2c     CNRS-C2RMF, ICN                      18         18           R/PU
    D5         Report on the GUPIX course

                                                         T2c     ICN, NGL, KIK-IRPA,                  24         24            /PU
               Presentations      and    related
                                                                 UNI-PG, LNEC, CNRS-
    D6         publications at ICOM-CC, DHA 24,
                                                                 C2RMF, UNI-BO
               etc.

               Report on CERC 3 Workshop                 T2c     UNI-PG, ICN, CNRS-                   24         24           R/PU
    D7                                                           C2RMF, OPD, KIK-IRPA,
               [Extended abstracts on the Eu-                    NGL, UNI-BO
               ARTECH website]
               Report on RICH programme and              T2c     UNI-PG, CNRS-C2RMF,                  24         24           R/PU
    D8
               conclusions                                       ICN
               Report on the Workshop on                 T3      NGL, UNI-PG,         CNRS-                                   R/PU
               technical      examination      of                C2RMF
               “Seventeenth-Century      Northern                                                     24         24
    D9
               European Paintings” [Program and
               interventions on the Eu-ARTECH
               website]
               Report on the Seminar on “The             T3      CNRS-C2RMF, NGL, ICN,                24         24           R/PU
               painting technique of Matthias                    OADC, OPD
   D10         Grünewald and his contemporaries”.
               [The Proceedings will be published
               at the end of 2006]



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               Report on the working group                 T4     OADC, KIK-IRPA, ICN,          24         24             R/
               formation for the elaboration of                   NGL, UNI-PG
   D11
               common modes for exchanging
               analytical results
                                                N2- Methods and materials in conservation
               Multi language Survey-Forms
                                                          T1d     CNR-ICVBC, OPD, UNI-          18         18            /PU
   D12                                                            PG, LNEC, BLFD, OADC,
                                                                  NGL, UNI-BO
               Database for the analysis of results
               of the survey action                       T1d     CNR-ICVBC, OPD                18         18            /PU
   D13

               Report on the survey action at
               ICOM-CC                                    T1d     CNR-ICVBC, OPD, UNI-          18         18           R/PU
   D14                                                            PG, OADC, NGL, CNRS-
               List of conservators for the survey
                                                                  C2RMF
               Report on survey advancement               T1e     CNR-ICVBC                     24         24             R/
   D15

               Report on interactions scientists-
               conservators: European meeting on          T2a     LNEC, OPD, UNI-PG,            24         24             R/
   D16         conservation theory and practice in                CNRS-C2RMF, NGL,
               Lisbon                                             CNR-ICVBC, BLFD
                                                        TA- Transnational Access
               AGLAE six months activity Report            A1     CNRS-C2RMF                    18         18             R/
   D17
               (13-18 months)
               AGLAE Annual Report                         A1     CNRS-C2RMF                    24         24             R/
   D18


               MOLAB six months activity Report            A2     UNI-PG, CNR-ICVBC-            18         18             R/
   D19
               (13-18 months)                                     INOA, OPD
               MOLAB Annual Report                         A2     UNI-PG, CNR-ICVBC-            24         24             R/
   D20
                                                                  INOA, OPD
JRA1 - Development and evaluation of new treatments for the conservation-restoration of outdoor stone and bronze monuments

               Progress Report on development and        T1/T2    UNI-PG,  CNR-ICVBC,           18         18             R/
   D21         evaluation of treatments on stones and             LNEC, UNI-BO, BLFD,
               bronzes                                            OPD
               Progress Report on accelerated ageing       T3     LNEC, CNR-ICVBC, UNI-         18         18             R/
   D22
               tests (stone and bronzes)                          BO, BLFD
               Report on development of new              T1/T2    CNR-ICVBC, UNI-PG,            24         24             R/
   D23         treatments and procedures (Stone and               LNEC, UNI-BO, BLFD,
               bronzes)                                           OPD
               Report on accelerated ageing of             T3     CNR-ICVBC, LNEC, UNI-         24         24             R/
   D24
               samples (stones and bronzes)                       BO, BLFD, OPD, UNI-PG
               First treatment data of aged samples        T4     BLFD, CNR-ICVBC,              24         24             R/
   D25         (stones and bronzes)                               LNEC, UNI-BO, OPD,
                                                                  UNI-PG
                                       JRA2 - New methods in diagnostics: Imaging and spectroscopy
   D26         Progress Report on NMR on stones            T1     UNI-PG, RWTH                  18         18             R/
               Progress Report on NMR depth                T1     RWTH, UNI-PG                  18         18             R/
   D27
               profiler
               Report on development and testing of               RWTH, UNI-PG                  24         24             R/
   D28         NMR tomography: performances and
               protocol of measurement                     T1

               Report on lab studies on dried oils by      T1     UNI-PG, RWTH                  24         24             R/
   D29
               NMR
               Lab studies on water related                       UNI-PG, RWTH                  24         24              /
   D30         properties of stones and clay firing
                                                           T1


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               Progress Report on micro- and                 OADC, OPD, CNR-INOA   18         18             R/
   D31         spectroscopic characterisation of
               standards                               T2

               Report on micro- and spectroscopic            OADC, OPD, CNR-INOA   24         24             R/
   D32         characterisation of standards
                                                       T2
               Progress Report on penetration depth          OADC, OPD, CNR-INOA   24         24             R/
   D33         of IR radiation and advances on
               device assembling                       T2

               Progress Report on optimal conditions         CNRS-C2RMF, UNI-PG    18         18             R/
   D34         for XRD in-situ studies
                                                       T3
               Report on geometry optimization for           CNRS-C2RMF, UNI-PG    24         24             R/
   D35         in-situ XRD studies
                                                       T3
               Report on geometry optimization for           CNRS-C2RMF, UNI-PG    24         24             R/
   D36         in-situ XRF-XRD studies
                                                       T3
               Report on spectroscopic                 T4    UNI-PG, CNRS-C2RMF    18         18             R/
   D37
               characterisation of samples
               Progress report on vibrational and      T4    UNI-PG, CNRS-C2RMF    24         24             R/
   D38         electronic   characterization   of
               samples




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3. USE AND DISSEMINATION OF KNOWLEDGE
Using the same approach of the first year, the knowledge developed through the activities of the Eu-
ARTECH has been disseminated among the whole European community of the field, with due respect for the
intellectual property rights.
All individual activities (N1, N2, TA1, TA2, JRA1 and JRA2) have a Plan of dissemination annually
updated. Common targets of dissemination were:
           - conservation scientists, technology research centres (wood, textiles, paper, ceramics, glass,
           stones…);
           - operators in the field of conservation (conservator, restorers, experts in diagnostics, curators,..);
           - institutions, such as museums, galleries, schools on conservation, etc.
           - SMEs producing analytical instrumentation and equipments or material producers (paper, colours,
           pigments, pencils, pastels…), instrumentation manufacturers or private restorers, etc.
           - public.
Eu-ARTECH comprises specific activities, which are dedicated to disseminate its value and achievements to
the public. For instance in the Networking and Access activities the policy to publish all important
achievements on conferences and workshops, in journals and/or the www has been applied. Dissemination
of networking and access has also been mainly accomplished through the publication of devoted information
in the Consortium website, including the “user reports” of AGLAE and MOLAB.
At regular intervals, the Eu-ARTECH website has been updated with:
     -     the access user-reports
     -     the announcements on Consortium activities open to external participants (workshops, conferences,
           etc)
     -     the summary reports on Eu-ARTECH networking activities (workshops, programmes, courses, etc.)
     -     the power point presentations of Eu-ARTECH meetings or workshops.
The website also contains the information to ask for access and links to important sites and events (courses,
workshops, conferences, temporary exhibitions, standards on progress or published, etc.) organised by
institutions external to the Consortium.
Eu-ARTECH aims and work have been presented by the Consortium participants during European
conferences specifically dedicated to artworks studies and conservation. The most relevant are:
       - ICOM-CC 14th Triennal Meeting, 12-16 September, The Hague, NL;
           - 19th European Colloquium on High Resolution Molecular Spectroscopy, 11-16 September 2005,
           Salamanca, ES;
           - COST and Cultural Heritage:Crossing Borders Firenze, IT, October 20th-22nd, 2005, a strategic
           workshop;
           - RICH (Research Infrastructures for Cultural Heritage) workshop, Trieste, IT, December 12-13,
           2005;
           - Hearing at the European Parliament, to policy makers and invited persons, Strasbourg, FR,
           February 6th, 2006, on “The role of scientific research in cultural heritage preservation”, mostly
           dedicated to Eu-ARTECH ;
           - CERC3 Young Chemists‟ European Workshop Chemistry for the Conservation of Cultural
           Heritage: Present and Future Perspectives organised in Perugia, IT, March 19th-22nd 2006, Perugia,
           Italy;

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           - European Seminar on “Theory and Practice in Conservation: a tribute to Cesare Brandi”, May 4 th-
           5th 2006, Lisbon, PT (co-organised by the Consortium);
           - 7th European Commission Conference "SAVEUR", May 31st-June 2nd, 2006 Prague, CZ.
To better reach potential users and fully disseminate activity results, a stand was rented at the 14 th Triennial
Meeting of ICOM-CC, the largest of the international committees of ICOM (International Council of
Museums). ICOM-CC has over 1400 members worldwide from every branch of the museum and
conservation profession. During the conference, at the Eu-ARTECH stand, information has been distributed
on AGLAE and MOLAB Transnational Access program and, more in general, on Eu-ARTECH activities
(networking activity N2). One special page of the Meeting Journal was dedicated to Eu-ARTECH (see a
copy of the journal in the Eu-ARTECH website). The dissemination was so successful and the Consortium
activities were so appreciated that, Dr. Tim Whalen, General Director of the Getty Conservation Institute
(USA), during the “Triennial Plenary Conference”, mentioned Eu-ARTECH as the most relevant project of
the last year in Europe for the conservation of cultural heritage. During the talk, specific mention was given
to the AGLAE and MOLAB Transnational Access.
At the end of the second year, some of the TA users published their works, as indicated in the Annex “A5-
List of publications” of this report. In conformity with EC contract Article II.12, and as for the Contractors
publication about the project, including at a conference or seminar, all user groups planned
publications/presentations regarding access activities will include the following footnote “The study was
carried out during the Transnational Access Activities [AGLAE or MOLAB infrastructure‟ contractor
Address] of Eu-ARTECH project funded by the European Community‟s Sixth Framework Programme under
the “Structuring the European Research Area” Research Infrastructures Action, http://www.eu-artech.org”.
During the second year, the Consortium has organised several workshops and working meetings related to
the three initiatives.
Of very large interest was the International Seminar on “Theory and Practice in Conservation: a tribute to
Cesare Brandi”. The Seminar had the participation of 196 professionals in conservation, including, curators,
archaeologists, conservators and scientists. The Book of Proceedings (520 pages) was edited by J.Delgado
and J.Mimoso, LNEC, and was distributed among all participants. The Book is available upon request.
The Proceedings of the International Workshop on The Painting Technique of Matthias Grünewald and his
Contemporaries will be published within few months. The editing is under course. A limited number of
copies will be printed (1000), but sufficient for a good distribution among the scientific community. The
copies will be sent for dissemination to a list of institutions in Europe and associated countries, to
representatives of national and international organisations, to relevant public and private conservators and
restorers, and to interested policy makers (this list is available).
Eu-ARTECH activities have been also presented in some meetings devoted to establish contacts with extra-
European organisations interested in conservation of cultural heritage. Particularly significant were the
meetings on the role of European projects for the development of conservation of cultural heritage in Europe
with the Mellon Foundation, the New York University (NYU) and the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in
New York (April 17-20, 2006) and with the National Gallery of Arts and the Library of Congress in
Washington, DC, USA (April 14, 2006). Also relevant was the meeting on European cooperation in the field
of conservation, held in the Santa Clara Conservation Laboratory of the Ministry of Culture in La Habana,
Cuba (February 9, 2006). Through this meeting good bases have been created for future interactions with
other Latin-American countries.
Further dissemination of Eu-ARTECH activities was carried out through publications (see, for example, J.
Phys. Chem. B 109, 22147-22158, 2005). Subject of a world-scale press campaign was the MOLAB work on
the National Gallery “Vergine delle Rocce” by Leonardo, published on Burlington Magazine on June 2005
and on Kermes, on October 2005. Through this study a new, never finished drawing of Leonardo was
revealed below the painting. In particular, it was found that the new discovered drawing was realised by
Leonardo using the same cartoon he used for the figure of St.Philip in his Last Supper. The study radically
altered the understanding of the Leonardo‟s working methods, particularly regarding his use of cartoons.



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Activities of the European Mobile Laboratory MOLAB appeared also on National Geographic (Italian
Edition, May 2006) and on Il Giornale dell‟Arte (N.249, December 2005).




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ANNEXES

A2         Summaries and main conclusions of the General Meetings

A2-1- SECOND YEAR INTERIM MEETING
Paris (FR), November 21st-22nd 2005, CNRS-C2RMF
The meeting lasted two days and was dedicated to the discussion of both administrative and scientific
aspects of the work developed by Eu-ARTECH during the period June 1st-November 30th, 2005. It
comprises some project reunions (N1 & N2 Technical Meeting, and JRA1 & JRA2 Group meeting,
and 4th MOLAB PRC selection Panel).
After the meeting the First AGLAE and MOLAB Users Meeting was held.
The meeting started with the welcome introductory notes of the new Director of CNRS-C2RMF
Ch.Naffah. After a general review by M. Menu (C2RMF) of the planned two days work, the
Coordinator B.G. Brunetti presented the main line of the Eu-ARTECH dissemination of knowledge
during the period June-November 2005. He mentioned the workshops and meetings organised and/or
supported by Eu-ARTECH, such as the “3rd International Conference on the application of Raman
spectroscopy in Art and Archaeology” (Paris F, Aug 31-Sept 3,2005); the Workshop on Non-invasive
NMR in Cultural Heritage and NMR Colloqium (Perugia, I, Sept 19-23, 2005);the GUPIX School
(Paris, Oct 6-7, 2005)the First AGLAE and MOLAB Users Meeting, to be held on November 23rd, just
after the present meeting. B.Brunetti dedicated particular attention to the description of the Eu-
ARTECH stand at the Triennial Meeting of ICOM-CC (The Hague, NL, September 2005). The
Coordinator remembers that the financial support from the EC via Eu-ARTECH should be
acknowledged in all publications resulting from the project activities using e.g. - "The work was
supported by the European Commission within the Sixth Framework Programme through I3-Eu-
ARTECH project, http://www.eu-artech.org”.
The EC Scientific Officer, Dr. Maria Douka, presented the perspectives of evolution of Research
Infrastructures towards the 7th Framework Programme. Great attention of the Odeon was achieved
during the discussion of the activities of ESFRI and the perspectives of creation of the ERA in the
field.
Table 22: 2nd Year Eu-ARTECH Interim Meeting – Paris, November 21st-22nd 2005

       First Name           Family name      Home            Country                  Email                        Telephone
                                           Institution
1     Nathalie            BALCAR          C2RMF                FR        nathalie.balcar@culture.fr              01 40 20 56 79
2     Bernhard            BLÜMICH         RWTH                 DE        bluemich@mc.rwth-aachen.de
3     Eliane              BOHNERT         C2RMF                FR        eliane.bohnert@culture.gouv.fr
4     David               BOURGARIT       C2RMF                FR        david.bourgarit@culture.fr              01 40 20 56 39
5     Jean Louis          BOUTAINE        C2RMF                FR        jean-louis.boutaine@wanadoo.fr
6     Susanna             BRACCI          CNR - ICVBC           IT       s.bracci@icvbc.cnr.it                  39-055-5225413
7     Brunetto            BRUNETTI        UNI-PG                IT       bruno@impact.dyn.UNI-PG.it
      Giovanni                            (SMAArt)
8     Laura               CARTECHINI      UNI-PG                IT       laura@thch.unigo.it                     39075585 5526
                                          (SMAArt)
9     Jacques             CASTAING        C2RMF                FR        jacques.castaing@culture.gouv.          01 40 20 56 69
                                                                         fr
10    Nathalie            COLLAIN         CNRS                 FR
11    José                DELGADO         LNEC                 PT        delgado@lnec.pt                        351 218 443,699
                          RODRIGUES



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12    Maria               DOUKA         CE                   BE        Maria.Douka@cec.eu.int


13    Ana Paula           FERREIRA      Instituto            PT        anapinto@civil.ist.utl.pt               351,218,418,363
                          PINTO         Superior
                                        Técnico (IST)
14    Alessandra          GIANONCELLI   C2RMF                FR        alessandra.gianoncelli@culture.
                                                                       fr
15    Ineke               JOOSTEN       ICN                  NL        ineke.joosten@icn.n                    31(0)20 3054728
16    Mathias             KOCHER        BLFD                 DE        mathias.kocher@blfd.bayern.de         00 49 89 21 14 323
17    Christian           LAHANIER      C2RMF                FR        christian.lahannier@culture.gou         01 40 20 58 71
                                                                       v.fr
18    Anne-Solenn         LE HÔ         C2RMF                FR        anne-                                   01 40 20 54 78
                                                                       solenn.leho@culture.gouv.fr
19    Martin              MACH          BLFD                  D        martin.mach@blfd.bayern.de             0049 89/2114-323
20    Francine            MARIANI-      Direction des        FR
                          DUCRAY        Musées de
                                        France
21    Vincent             MAZEL         C2RMF                FR        vincent.mazel@culture.gouv.fr
22    Rocco               MAZZEO        University of         IT       rocco.mazzeo@unibo.it                   390544936511
                                        Bologna
                                        (Ravenna)
23    Michel              MENU          C2RMF                FR        michel.menu@culture.gouv.fr             01 40 20 56 59
24    Costanza            MILIANI       UNI-PG                IT       miliani@thch.unipg.it
                                        (SMAArt)
25    João                MIMOSO        LNEC                 PT        jmimoso@lnec.pt                         351,218,443,642
26    Christiane          NAFFAH        C2RMF                FR        christiane.naffah@culture.gouv.f        01 40 20 56 50
                                                                       r
27    Cristiana           NUNES         LNEC                 PT        clpn@lnec.pt                            351,218,443,979

28    Sandrine            PAGÈS         C2RMF                FR        sandrine.pages@culture.gouv.fr          01 40 20 54 78
29    Juan                PERLO         RWTH                 DE        jperlo@mc.rwth-aachen.de              0049 241/8026-430
30    Luca                PEZZATI       CNR-INOA              IT       luca@ino.it                             39055 2308221
31    Daniela             PINNA         OPD Opificio          IT       daniela.pinna@unibo.it                   055 4625485
                                        delle Pietre
                                        Dure
32    Martine             REGERT        C2RMF                FR        martine.regert@culture.fr
33    Pascale             RICHARDIN     C2RMF                FR        pascale;richardin@culture.fr
34    Dominique           ROBCIS        C2RMF                FR        dominique.robcis@culture.fr
35    Stefan              RÖHRS         C2RMF                FR        stefan.roehrs@culture.gouv.fr           01 40 20 24 84
36    Ashok               ROY           NGL (National        UK        ashok.roy@ng-london.org.uk            44 (0) 207 747 2823
                                        Gallery
                                        London)
37    Barbara             SACCHI        CNR - ICVBC           IT       b.sacchi@icvbc.cnr.it                   39-055-5225483
38    Barbara             SALVADORI     OPD Opificio          IT       salvadori@csgi.unifi.it                 39-055-4625488
                                        delle Pietre
                                        Dure
39    Manfred             SCHREINER     Academy of           AT        m.schreiner@akbild.ac.at               (43 1) 58816 200
                                        Fine Arts
40    Antonio             SGAMELLOTTI   UNI-PG                IT       sgam@thch.unipg.it
                                        (SMAArt)
                                        Sacred
41    Sophia              SOTIROPOUL    Convent of the       GR        s.sotiropoulou@artdiagnosis.gr          30 23710 98400
                          OU            Annunciation
42    Marika              SPRING        National             UK        marika.spring@ng-                       44 20 7747 2827
                                        Gallery London                 london.org.uk

FP6 Research Infrastructures                                   77                                      Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                                                2nd Annual Report
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43    Olivier             TAVOSO       C2RMF               FR
44    Lucia               TONIOLO      CNR - ICVBC          IT       lucia.toniolo@polimi.it               39 02 2399 3935
45    Stéphane            VAIEDELICH   Musée de la         FR        svaiedelich@cite-musique.fr
                                       musique
46    Maarten             VAN BOMMEL   ICN                 NL        maarten.ven.bommel@icn.nl             31-(0)20-3054780
47    Elsa                VAN          C2RMF               FR        elsa.van-elslande@culture.fr
                          ELSLANDE
48    Ina                 VANDEN       KIK - IRPA          BE        ina.vendenberghe@kikirpa.be            0032 2 7396846
                          BERGHE
49    Jan                 WOUTERS      KIK - IRPA          BE        jan.wouters@kikirpa.be                 +32 2 739 68 40



After the general presentations, the meeting prosecuted with the Consortium Governing Board n.4.
I - 4th Governing Board Meeting
In Paris, November 21st, 2005, the 4th Governing Board Meeting of Eu-ARTECH was held.
All partners‟ representatives were present. Coordinator: B.Brunetti; UNI-PG: A. Sgamellotti; CNRS-
C2RMF: M.Menu; CNR-ICVBC-INOA: S. Bracci and L. Pezzati; NGL: A. Roy; OPD: D. Pinna;
BLFD: M. Mach; OADC: S. Sotiropoulou; ICN: M. Bommel; LNEC: J. Delgado; KIK - IRPA: J.
Wouters; RWTH: B. Bluemich; UNI-BO: R. Mazzeo.
1- Amendments to the contract
The Coordinator announced that from June 1st 2005 INOA formally merged into CNR, however it was
authorised to maintain its past rules, including the FP6 model cost, being entered in a transitory phase.
The GB decided to ask to the Commission if the change of model cost from AC (cost model of INOA
in the contract) to FC (the cost model of CNR) is mandatory or can be postponed up to the end of the
CNR‟ transitory phase. In case of obligation, the request of amendment of the contract is to be
considered approved by the GB.
B. Brunetti illustrates the content of the clause 39 that could be introduced in the contract. It allows
institutions having an annual budget lower than 150.000 euros to skip the audit. In fact the contractors
requesting a Community financial contribution for one or more reporting periods of less than 150,000,
need not submit an audit certificate, until the cumulative request for Community financial contribution
is equal to or exceeds 150,000 for the reporting periods for which an audit certificate has not yet been
submitted. In all cases an audit certificate shall be submitted at the latest after the final reporting
period. This final audit certificate shall cover all period/s for which an audit certificate has not been
previously submitted. The GB discusses advantages and possible disadvantages of the introduction of
clause 39. After accurate evaluation it was decided to renounce to the clause 39 and accept the rule of
presenting every year the Audit Certificate for each institution.
As a third point, the possible extension of the participation of RWTH to the Eu-ARTECH activities
was discussed. The original formulation of the contract included the participation of RWTH limited to
the first two years. However, RWTH is developing a relevant work on new NMR methodologies for
the laboratory and in-situ studies of artworks; therefore, it would be important for Eu-ARTECH to
extend its participation, at least, for another year. All the partners agreed on this point. In order to
allow RWTH to continue its activity, the Coordinator proposed to shift part of the UNI-PG budget
(budget of the coordinator), corresponding to an amount of 25.000 euros, to RWTH. Unanimously, the
GB accepted the proposal of the Coordinator inviting him to proceed to the request of contract
amendment.
Finally, the Coordinator communicates that the Bank of UNI-PG changed its coordinates (new:
UniCredit Banca; IBAN: IT58G0200803016000029489728), the EC contract and the CA will be
modified consequently.
2- Administrative notes

FP6 Research Infrastructures                                 78                                     Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
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The Coordinator reporting on the preparation of Eu-ARTECH First Annual Report, underlining the
many problems encountered [see 4GB_1Annex_report.pdf]. As a matter of fact, the preparation of the
report (about 250 pages) has proved to be a huge work. That was in part due to the fact that it was a
learning process both for those in charge for the compilation of the whole report, and for those who
were required to provide input. He hopes that next year, based on the experience of the first year, the
preparation of the yearly report will be a much easier task.
The Coordinator briefly refers on major comments of the Commission review of the activities that are
on the whole rather positive, then informed the Consortium representatives that the procedure to close
the First Annual Report with the inclusion of the Audit Certificates of all the participating institutions
was near to the end, save for some integration of CNRS-C2RMF Audit Certificate requested by EC.
The Coordinator presents the difficulties pointed out by some partners, which spent all or almost entire
first year budget, to carry out the second year activities, taking into account the strong foreseen delay
in the next EC pre-financing. The Coordinator suggested that, on the base of certificated costs, the
Steering Committee could decide - to distribute another pre-financing using funding available (not yet
distributed to the partners) in order to cover expenses for the first activities which will take place
during months 13-18. This further pre-financing can only be sent to the Partners after approval of the
first year budget by the EC. The Board was favourable.
3- General notes
It has been proposed by LNEC and accepted by GB, to define and publish on the Eu-ARTECH
website a list of trainees and training opportunities “stock exchange” among the participating
institutions. Such a simple and flexible item will permit to increase and diversify the training
possibilities in the areas of the project.
4- Next Meetings
At the end of the meeting the proposal of Munchen (DE) as location for the Third Year Annual
Meeting was advanced by M. Mach of BLFD. The proposal was unanimously accepted.
The National Gallery of London, as site for the Third Year Interim Meeting was also proposed and
accepted.
Therefore the locations of the next Eu-ARTECH meetings are the following:
     -     Second Year Annual Meeting -Lisbon, LNEC, May 3-5 2006;
     -     Third Year Interim Meeting - London, NGL, date to be established;
     -     Third Year Annual Meeting, Munchen, BLFD, date to be established.
With this last decision, the 4th Eu-ARTECH Governing Board meeting was closed.


II- Steering Committee Meeting networking activities
After the lunch break, the meeting continued with the Steering Committee Meeting where the
advancement of the work of the various planned activities was discussed and evaluated.
1-Discussion of the networking activities N1 and N2. R. Mazzeo (UNI-BO) briefly presented the
project EPISCON (European PhD in Science for Conservation), a Marie Curie Early Stage Training
fellowships of the 6th Framework Programme, recently approved. The project is coordinated by UNI-
BO and some of the EU-ARTECH institutions are participating, and productive link with EU-
ARTECH networking activities can be envisaged.
J.L.Boutaine, the Convenor of N1 introduced the discussion of N1 activities.
N1 specific work of the first six months of the second year consisted mainly in the maintenance of
Task 1 activities on Analytical resources, analytical procedures and investigation strategies,
especially referred to organic substance investigations and the start of Task 2 Exchange knowledge
and expertise. Within Task 1 the continuation of dissemination of Eu-ARTECH activities on analytical
FP6 Research Infrastructures                            79                             Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                                2nd Annual Report
                                       A. ACTIVITY REPORT (ANNEXES)



investigations of artwork materials was also planned (with particular reference to examination of
paintings). Discussions followed where all the activities developed in the various tasks and subtasks
were presented. Activities were all developed according to the original schedule.
L. Toniolo introduced then the discussion on N2. The problems related to the translation of the survey
forms on “cleaning and consolidation” were discussed and the data-base structure for the analysis of
results of the survey was presented. It was also presented the diffusion of the survey action at the
ICOM-CC meeting (a specific association of conservators and conservation scientists), where it was
started the set-up of a list of conservators interested to participate to the survey.
2- Transnational Access. M.Menu, C2RMF, shortly presented the AGLAE access activity of the first
six months of the second year. C.Miliani, UNI-PG, did the same for the MOLAB activities. The
presentation was limited to few information on the proposals received (10 for AGLAE and 9 for
MOLAB) because a wider discussion on Transantional Access is forseen for the day of November
23rd, where the First Users Meeting of AGLAE and MOLAB will be held.
At the end of the first day, a social dinner was held at the Restaurant “Gran Louvre” inside the
Museum. According to the Agenda, the morning of tuesday 22nd, the meeting started with the
presentation of the Joint Research activities.
3- Joint Research Activities. Regarding JRA1, under the coordination of S. Bracci, CNR-ICVBC,
first the kinectic aspects of artificial oxalate formation on carbonatic and sandstones, compared to
ethylsilicate in two treatments (TEOS and TEOS + coupling), were presented by C. Miliani, UNI-PG.
The same comparisons of oxalate treatments with TEOS and TEOS+coupling treatments were carried
out on limestones by LNEC (J. Delgado). S. Bracci, CNR-ICVBC, described results obtained in
treatments by Ba(OH)2 in different conditions, discussing the verification of performances, in terms of
colour, quantity of product, water absorption, etc. Tests on ageing procedures of marble by thermal
shock and of sandstone either with thermal shock and salt contamintaion were also presented. Finally,
D.Pinna (OPD) presented results on treatments by oxalate and procedures for contamination by salts.
Analogous advances of the work were discussed for bronzes by R.Mazzeo, UNI-BO, M. Mach, BLFD,
and J.Mimoso, LNEC. All the activities were carried out achieving the planned milestones.
In the afternoon, after the lunch break, first the results obtained on JRA2 laboratory NMR studies were
presented by UNI-PG. These studies led to a publication that will appear on Journal of Physical
Chemistry A. The paper will concern with the structural aluminosilicate modifications during the firing
of clays. The more recent results on portable NMR were also presented, regarding the performances of
the NMR profilometer developed under the coordination of RWTH. Then the recent advances on the
systems for IR imaging were presented by L.Pezzati, CNR-INOA, and S.Sotiropoulou, OADC. A.
Gianoncelli presented the advancement in the work carried out by CNRS-C2RMF in setting a new
XRF and XRD equipment and A.Sgamellotti presented the more recent results on the new system for
micro-Raman and micro-fluorescence measurements.
At the end of all the presentations, the Coordinator and the Steering Committee verified that in all
cases, the work had a regular development and milestones were achieved, according to the contract.
Before the closure, the Coordinator briefly synthetised the work carried out during the two days of the
meeting and traced the general lines of development of the work to be carried out during the following
six months. Final thanks were addressed to C. Naffah, M.Menu, and all CNRS-C2RMF members, who
took care of the excellent organisation.


A2-2- SECOND ANNUAL MEETING
Lisbon (PT) 2nd-3rd May 2006, LNEC
The meeting lasted two days and comprises some project‟ reunions. Following the provisional agenda,
opening was dedicated (Governing Board and - jointly - the Steering Committee meeting) to the
evaluation of scientific report issues of the work developed by Eu-ARTECH groups in the three main
Project activities during the period December 1st-April 30th, 2005. Then it includes a decisions
FP6 Research Infrastructures                           80                            Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                              2nd Annual Report
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meeting of Governing Board (GB) and specific activities meetings (N1 & N2 Technical Meeting and
JRA1 & JRA2 Group meeting).
The meeting started with the introductory notes of Jose‟ Delgado (LNEC). The advancement of the
work for of the Consortium was discussed and evaluated.
After a general review of the agenda of the two days, the Coordinator B.G. Brunetti presented the
main lines of activity for the Eu-ARTECH dissemination of knowledge during the period December
2005-May 2006. He mentioned the most relevant workshops and meetings organised and/or supported
by Eu-ARTECH, such as:
           -Workshop on “Seventeenth Century Northern European Painting Techniques” (The National
           Gallery of London, Dec 12th 2005);
           -Workshop on “Research Infrastructures in Cultural Heritage, RICH” (Trieste, Dec 12 th-13th,
           2005);
           -“International Conference on the Painting Technique of Matthias Grünewald and his
           contemporaries” (Colmar, F, Musee d'Unterlinden, January 24th-26th, 2006); the papers
           presented in Colmar will be published, with the support of Eu-ARTECH, at the end of 2006
           -“CERC3 Young Chemist Workshop” (Perugia, March 19th-22nd, 2006);
B.G. Brunetti particularly described the CERC3 Meeting where a large number of selected young
scientists from Europe participated in a really successful meeting characterised by high-level
presentations. During the meeting, specific mention was given to the AGLAE and MOLAB
Transnational Access activities, seen as a great new opportunity offered to the European scientists
working in the field.
The Coordinator underlined also the relevance of some forthcoming events, such as the workshop on
“Theory and Practice in Conservation” to be held in Lisbon just after the Eu-ARTECH Meeting and
the “7th European Commission Conference on Cultural Heritage, SAVEUR”, to be held in Prague on
May 31st-June 3rd. This last conference aims to consolidate the achievements and assess the impact of
EU research projects related to the movable and immovable cultural heritage. Eu-ARTECH will be
present with the AGLAE and MOLAB Access activities.
B.G. Brunetti finally reminded the various steps of the work to be done to prepare the Second Annual
Report.
Table 23: 2nd Year Eu-ARTECH Annual Meeting – Lisbon, May 2nd -3rd 2006

       First Name          Family Name         Institution       Count                   Email                       Telephone
                                                                  ry
1     Jean Louis          BOUTAINE       C2RMF                       FR   jean-louis.boutaine@wanadoo.fr         +33-1-40205651
2     Susanna             BRACCI         CNR - ICVBC                 IT   s.bracci@icvbc.cnr.it                  +39-055-5225413
3     Brunetto            BRUNETTI       UNI-PG (SMAArt)             IT   bruno@impact.dyn.unipg.it              +39-075-5855509
      Giovanni
4     José                DELGADO        LNEC                        PT   delgado@lnec.pt                        :+351-21844 3 699
5     Alberto             DE TAGLE       ICN                         NL   alberto.de.tagle@icn.nl               +31 (0)20 3054703
6     Jean-Claude         DRAN           C2RMF                       FR
7     Ana Paula           FERREIRA       Instituto Superior          PT   anapinto@civil.ist.utl.pt               351,218,418,363
                          PINTO          Técnico (IST)
8     Rute                FONTINHA       LNEC                        PT
9     Alessandra          GIANONCELLI    C2RMF                       FR   alessandra.gianoncelli@culture.fr
10    Christian           GRUBER         BLFD                        DE
11    Ysbrand             HUMMELEN       ICN                         NL   ysbrand.hummelen@icn.nl
12    Ineke               JOOSTEN        ICN                         NL   ineke.joosten@icn.nl                   +31(0)20 3054728
13    Edith               JOSEPH         UNI-BO                      IT   edith.joseph@unibo.it

FP6 Research Infrastructures                                    81                                    Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                                               2nd Annual Report
                                               A. ACTIVITY REPORT (ANNEXES)



14    Georgios            KARAGIANNIS   OADC                         GR   g.karagiannis@artdiagnosis.gr
15    Ioannis             KARAPANAGIO   OADC                         GR   i.karapanagiotis@artdiagnosis.gr
                          TIS
16    Jo                  KIRBY         NGL                          UK
17    Mathias             KOCHER        BLFD                         DE   mathias.kocher@blfd.bayern.de        00 49 89 21 14 323
18    Martin              MACH          BLFD                         DE   martin.mach@blfd.bayern.de            0049 89/2114-323
19    Mauro               MATTEINI      CNR-ICVBC                    IT   m.matteini@icvbc.cnr.it              +39-055-522 5480

20    Rocco               MAZZEO        UNI-BO (Ravenna)             IT   rocco.mazzeo@unibo.it                 +39-054-4936511

21    Michel              MENU          C2RMF                        FR   michel.menu@culture.gouv.fr            +33-1-40205659
22    Costanza            MILIANI       UNI-PG (SMAArt)              IT   miliani@thch.unipg.it
23    João                MIMOSO        LNEC                         PT   jmimoso@lnec.pt                        351,218,443,642
24    Chiara              MUSTARELLI    CNR-INOA                     IT   mustarelli&inoa.it,                   +39-055-2308221
25    Christiane          NAFFAH        C2RMF                        FR   christiane.naffah@culture.gouv.fr       01 40 20 56 50
26    Cristiana           NUNES         LNEC                         PT   clpn@lnec.pt                           351,218,443,979

27    Juan                PERLO         RWTH                         DE   jperlo@mc.rwth-aachen.de              +49 241/8026-430
28    Luca                PEZZATI       CNR-INOA                     IT   luca@ino.it                           +39-055-2308221
29    Daniela             PINNA         Opificio delle Pietre        IT   daniela.pinna@unibo.it                +39-055-4625485
                                        Dure
30    Simone              PORCINAI      Opificio delle Pietre        IT
                                        Dure
31    Dominique           ROBCIS        C2RMF                        FR   dominique.robcis@culture.fr
32    Stefan              RÖHRS         C2RMF                        FR   stefan.roehrs@culture.gouv.fr           01 40 20 24 84
33    Barbara             SACCHI        CNR - ICVBC                  IT   b.sacchi@icvbc.cnr.it                 +39-055-5225483
34    Manuela             SALTA         LNEC                         PT
35    Barbara             SALVADORI     Opificio delle Pietre        IT   salvadori@csgi.unifi.it               +39-055--4625488
                                        Dure
36    Béatrice            SARRAZIN      C2RMF                        FR
37    Antonio             SGAMELLOTTI   UNI-PG (SMAArt)              IT   sgam@thch.unipg.it                   :+39-075-5855516
                                        Sacred Convent of
38    Sophia              SOTIROPOUL    the Annunciation             GR   s.sotiropoulou@artdiagnosis.gr        +30 23710 98400
                          OU
39    Marika              SPRING        National Gallery             UK   marika.spring@ng-london.org.uk        +44 20 7747 2827
                                        London
40    Maarten             VAN BOMMEL    ICN                          NL   maarten.ven.bommel@icn.nl            +31-(0)20-3054780
41    Ina                 VANDEN        KIK - IRPA                   BE   ina.vendenberghe@kikirpa.be            0032 2 7396846
                          BERGHE



1- Networking activities N1 and N2 (N1 & N2 Technical Meeting). After a short break, the meeting
continued with the discussion of both networking activities N1 and N2. R. Mazzeo (UNI-BO) briefly
introduced the topic.
Then, J.L.Boutaine, Convenor of N1, gave a general view of N1 activities developed during the
period. He emphasized the continuous effort made to open and diversify the distribution of
information relative to the Eu-ARTECH activities. At the end of March 2006, the institutions or
companies registered in the Eu-ARTECH mailing list was significantly extended. According to the
type of activities: 47 universities or educational institutions, 33 public research institutes, 32 museums,
galleries or archives, 26 cultural heritage institutions, 10 restoration workshops or experts, 4
instrumentation manufacturers, 4 international organisations, 2 associations or foundations, 1
technology research centre, 1 publisher, 1 local administration. According to the countries (a total
number of 131 + 4 international organisations) – in the European Union: France 26, Italy 22, United
FP6 Research Infrastructures                                    82                                   Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
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Kingdom 18, Germany 15, Greece 8, Spain 8, Belgium 6, Netherlands 4, Austria 3, Malta 3, Portugal
3, Czech Republic 2, Denmark 2, Poland 2, Slovak Republic 2, Sweden 2, Estonia 1, Finland 1,
Lithuania 1, Slovenia 1 – in Europe outside the European Union: Croatia 1, Norway 3, Romania 3,
Russia 1, Serbia-Montenegro 1, Switzerland 2, Turkey 3, Vatican 1 – outside Europe : United States
10, Canada 1, Australia 1.
The form to be filled in, in order to be registered in the Eu-ARTECH mailing list is accessible since
the beginning of 2006 on the EU-ARTECH website.
Conferences and meetings, where N1 (and N2) activities were presented, were listed.
Regarding the cooperation with CAMEO (Conservation and Art Materials Encyclopaedia Online), a
meeting to discuss co-operation between Eu-ARTECH & MFA Boston on CAMEO database was held
at the National Gallery of London, on April 3rd 2006.
The CAMEO database has expanded since the last meeting with Michele Derrick of the MFA and it
was possible to make some practical decisions about the form and scope of the contribution of Eu-
ARTECH members. The proposed contributions are all of a type that will improve the accessibility
and utility of the database for European users (European material trade names, increased number and
accuracy of foreign language terms) as well as introducing knowledge of recent European research and
institutions in the field (by review of the entries in the field of expertise of individual Eu-ARTECH
members and insertion of websites of European cultural heritage institutions).
The activities developed as continuation of Task 1 –Analytical resources, analytical procedures and
investigation strategies (responsible: CNRS-C2RMF) and Task 2 – Exchange knowledge and expertise
(responsible: ICN) were presented by J.L. Boutaine and by M. Van Bommel (ICN). Several questions
from the audience had full answers. The first activities of the new Task3 – Common approaches in the
examination and analysis of paintings (responsible: NGL) and new Task 4 – Common analytical
strategies (responsible: OADC) were also presented by M. Spring (NGL) and S. Sotiropoulou
(OADC).
All speakers underlined that activities were all developed according to the original schedule.
D. Pinna introduced then the presentation of the activities of N2 consisting of the continuation of
Task1- Cleaning and consolidation methods and materials (responsible: CNR-ICVBC) and the
beginning of Task 2 - Good practices (responsible: OPD).
The advances with respect to the Paris Intermediate Meeting were focused and the list of contacted
conservators for the survey on “cleaning and consolidation” was shown and discussed. The lines of
development of task 2 were also presented.
J.Delgado (LNEC) then described the planned programme of the Seminar on “Theory and Practice in
Conservation”, a relevant occasion of encounters of art-historians, conservators, and scientists. This
Seminar is a result of an integrated effort between N1 and N2 activities and represents one of the core
points of the second year activities.
2- Transnational Access.     After a general introduction of M.Menu, responsible of the Access
Programme, J.C.Dran, C2RMF, presented the AGLAE access activity of the last six months of the
second year. C.Miliani, UNI-PG, presented the corresponding MOLAB activities.
The presentations were both focused on the developed work and on the newly received proposals (11
for AGLAE and 5 for MOLAB). Both the representatives underlined how the work was satisfactory
compared to the implementation plan of the period.
At this point the first day of the meeting was closed and the Governing Board Meeting was held, with
the participation of one responsible for each one of the participating infrastructures. A report on this
meeting is available below.
According to the Agenda, on May 3rd, the meeting continued with the presentation of the Joint
Research activities.


FP6 Research Infrastructures                            83                            Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                               2nd Annual Report
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3- Joint Research Activities (JRA1 & JRA2 Group meeting). Regarding JRA1, under the coordination
of S. Bracci, CNR-ICVBC, the advances of the research on performances of artificial oxalate
formation on carbonatic and sandstones were presented and discussed. S. Bracci also describes the
most recent results obtained by the treatments of stones with Ba(OH)2 in different conditions, and the
tests on ageing procedures of marble. The implementation plan of the next period was also presented.
Analogous advances of the work were discussed for bronzes by R.Mazzeo, UNI-BO, M. Mach, BLFD,
and J.Mimoso, LNEC. The lines of the future implementation plan were also indicated by R.Mazzeo.
At the end of the presentation, it was underlined that all the activities were carried out achieving the
planned milestones.
After a short break, first the results obtained on JRA2 laboratory NMR studies were presented by
UNI-PG. The most recent advances on application of NMR methodologies to the study of ceramics
and stones were presented. Regarding the performances of the NMR profilometer developed under the
coordination of RWTH, J.Perlo presented the most recent results, towards the realization of a 3D
device. The recent advances on the systems for IR imaging were presented by L.Pezzati, CNR-INOA,
and G.Karagiannis, OADC. A. Gianoncelli presented the advancement in the work carried out by
CNRS-C2RMF in setting a new XRF and XRD equipment and A.Sgamellotti (UNI-PG) showed the
last results on the new system for micro-Raman and micro-fluorescence measurements.
At the end of all the presentations, in a restricted meeting, the Coordinator and the Steering Committee
verified that in all cases, the work had a regular development and milestones were achieved, according
to the contract.
At the closure, the Coordinator briefly synthetised the work carried out during the two days of the
meeting and traced the general lines of development of the work during the following period. Final
thanks were addressed to J.Delgado, J.Mimoso and A.Pinto for the perfect organization.


II - 5th Governing Board Meeting.
The 5th Eu-ARTECH Consortium Governing Board was held on Lisbon (PT), May 2nd at 17:30.
The following representatives were present: Coordinator: B.Brunetti; UNI-PG: A. Sgamellotti; CNRS-
C2RMF: M.Menu; CNR-ICVBC/CNR-INOA: S,Bracci; NGL: M.Spring; OPD: D. Pinna; BLFD: M.
Mach; OADC: S. Sotiropoulou; ICN: A.Tagle; LNEC: J. Delgado; IRPA: I. Vanderberghe; RWTH: J.
Perlo; UNI-BO: R. Mazzeo.
1-Communications
-Starting from June 1st 2005, INOA became CNR-INOA and merged into CNR. Up to December 31st
2005 maintained AC model, then moved into FC, according to the internal rules of CNR. In any case,
although the procedure of the amendment is not still closed, the partners of Eu-ARTECH are now
considered 12.
-RWTH will participate to the 3rd year activities continuing the research on possible applications of
NMR-MOUSE towards 3D information (budget attributed by UNI-PG on its charge). As in the
previous case, the procedure for the amendment of the contract is not still closed, however, RWTH
will be included in the new implementation plan (3rd year).
-L. Toniolo, responsible of N2, left CNR-ICVBC to the University of Milan. Hopefully, she will
continue to participate to Eu-ARTECH activities, as associated to CNR. Waiting for the necessary
time to put into effect the regular association, ICVBC is invited to substitute L.Toniolo with another
N2 task responsible.
2-Plan for the Second Year Annual Reporting
The Coordinator announced that the Second Annual Report preparation started (A=activity report;
B=management report; C = report on distribution of financial resources; D = detailed implementation
plan next period)

FP6 Research Infrastructures                           84                            Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                              2nd Annual Report
                                          A. ACTIVITY REPORT (ANNEXES)



The Coordinator reminded main problems occurred in the First Annual Report. They can be
summarised as follows:
Concerning the report of Activities (due by each Responsible):
     -     Reports were non-homogeneous and generally understating the actual work done;
     -     they were not delivered on time by some Responsible, or were generally presented incomplete
           and/or re-sent several times;
     -     some reports did not take into consideration the work done by all Participants involved in the
           relevant activity;
Concerning the Management report (due by each Participant):
     -     The expenses were hardly linked to the main activities carried out, to the milestones and to the
           deliverables achieved, providing the false impression of the absence of a coordinated program;
Concerning the report on Expenses (due by the administrative officer of each Institution), the relevant
Form C (due by an administrative officer and a scientific leader) and the audit certificate (due by a
certifier):
     -     Forms C (which had to be signed both by the administrative officer and the PI) were incorrect;
           in fact the total expenditure indicated in Forms C was different to that of the expenditure
           carried out and audited; even worse the total expenditure, the certified expenditure and that
           indicated in Form C were all different.
Furthermore, it is not acceptable that some administrative officers were not even aware of the fact that
a report was due. Once again, the necessity of having a single reference person for each Eu-ARTECH
Participant is emphasized; moreover, it must be kept in mind that the compilation of the financial
forms cannot be accomplished without input from the scientific part, because the link between funds
spent and activities carried out must be clearly showed.
Regarding the Second AR, Part A is already partially written. However, most parts are still lacking.
A- Activity Report. Responsible of each networking task are invited to make reference to R. Mazzeo
(UNI-BO), as general Convenor of the activity, and for the specific reports to J.L.Boutaine for N1 and
D. Pinna for N2. All are invited to compile the following lists: -travels within Eu-ARTECH and their
justification; -foreseen milestones and deliverables defined in the implementation plan, indicating if
they have been achieved; -meetings and workshops where the activity has been presented and
disseminated.
Responsibles of access activities are invited, first, to fill the TA Database; this procedure simplifies
the presentation of further details (days of access, number of users, periods of measurements, etc.) on
the activity.
Responsibles of Joint Research tasks are invited to make reference to the list of deliverables as
reported in the implementation plan for the second year and send documents to S.Bracci (CNR-
ICVBC) for JRA1 and A.Sgamellotti (UNI-PG) for JRA2.
Regarding “use and dissemination of knowledge” each partner is invited to list and shortly describe:
publications, conference presentations, as well as actions undertaken to raise public participation and
awareness and/or to contact potential users outside the consortium.
B=Management Report. Each contractor is invited to compile the Tables that have been prepared by
the Coordinator as Template for expenses justification during the reporting period. Tables are excel
files.
The Coordinator explained the content of the templates. Their scheme was approved by all partners.
3-Implementation Plan of the 3rd period (25th-42nd months)
The Implementation Plan of the third period [see 5GB_1Annex_report.pdf], built up according to the
general Implementation Plan reported on the contract, was unanimously approved.
FP6 Research Infrastructures                              85                            Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                                 2nd Annual Report
                                          A. ACTIVITY REPORT (ANNEXES)



4-Administrative issues (budget distribution)
Regarding the budget distribution, the Coordinator put in evidence that probably, at the end of the
third year of activity some adjustment in the budget distribution could be imposed by the development
of the various activities, with a special reference to research and access, at the light of the last
developments of the project.
5-Website implementation
The description of the last modifications of the website was done by the Coordinator. Modifications
were approved.
6-Date and location of 3rd Interim Meeting
After a short discussion it was decided the following schedule for the next general meetings:
     -     Third Year Interim Meeting: London, organized by NGL (exact dates to be established);
     -     Third Year Annual Meeting: Munich, organized by BLFD (Dates to be established).
The University of Bologna was also candidate to organise one of the future meetings.
The Board approved unanimous.
With this last decision, the Governing Board meeting was closed.




FP6 Research Infrastructures                              86                         Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                              2nd Annual Report
                                                  A. ACTIVITY REPORT (ANNEXES)




A2         Users Selection Panels
Table 24: Peer Review Committees (during the AR2 reporting period)

     TA Facility                                                  Selection Panel
                           Family name, first name, gender             Institution
TA 01 AGLAE                Adriaens, Annemie F                       Department of Analytical Chemistry, University
                                                                       of Ghent, Belgium [Professor]
                           Mandò, Pier Andrea M                      Department of Physics, University of Florence
                                                                       and national Institute of Nuclear Physics,
                                                                       Florence, Italy [Professor]
                           Trocellier, Patrick M                     Research Centre of Atomic Energy Commission
                                                                       (CEA), Saclay, France
                           Dran, Jean-Claude M                       Centre de recherche et de restauration des musées
                                                                       de France, Paris, France [Scientist]

TA 02 MOLAB                Schreiner, Manfred M                      Institute of Chemistry, Academy Fine Arts, Wien,
[all MOLAB                                                             Austria [Professor]
infrastructures]
                           Montoto, Modesto M                        Dept. of Geology, Group of Petrophysics,
                                                                       University of Oviedo, Spain [Professor]
                           Tabasso Laurenzi, Marisa F                Laboratories of Istituto Centrale del Restauro and
                                                                       ICCROM, Rome, Italy Former Director
                           Brunetti, Brunetto Giovanni M             University of Perugia, Centre SMAArt, Perugia,
                                                                       Italy Professor




FP6 Research Infrastructures                                      87                                  Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                                               2nd Annual Report
                                                      A. ACTIVITY REPORT (ANNEXES)




A3         List of User- Projects
Table 25: AGLAE User-Projects (during the AR2 reporting period)

        Infrastructure Short Name                                                          AGLAE
Installation     Amount of            FP6          Scientific       Acronym /Project          User-Project                  Achievements
  owner           access            Priority/        Field               Title                 Objectives
Participant        (days)           Specific
   Short                           Discipline
   Name

  CNRS-                5               Material      Metals        VOLOS-                 Insight   on  the          18 objects were analyzed
  C2RMF                                science       objects       Provenance of gold     provenance of the          by PIXE and PIGE; other
                                                                   from Kasanaki          objects                    6 objects were analyzed
                                                                   tombs (a)                                         by PIXE-XRF. Groups of
                                                                                                                     objects with different
                                                                                                                     trace elements
                                                                                                                     compositions were
                                                                                                                     recognized.
                       3               Material   Glass objects    NOSTETANGEN:           Glass composition          110 spectra were acquired
                                       science                     Glass chandeliers                                 in this run. Different types
                                                                   from Nostetangen                                  of glass used for
                                                                                                                     chandeliers were
                                                                                                                     identified.
                       5               Material      Lustre        LUSTRE 1 :             Execution technique        Evolution in use of
                                       science      ceramics       Lustered ceramics      of the decoration          materials for decorated
                                                                   from Sevilla (1)                                  ceramics
                       5               Organic      Botanical      HERBARIUM:             Aim of the work is         The As, Pb and Hg
                                       material    collections     Analysis of            to find an easy way        contamination of the
                                                                   hazardous organic      and accessible to          herbarium paper sheets
                                                                   and inorganic          every museum to            was determined.
                                                                   residues applied to    estimate the
                                                                   dried botanical        hazardous potential
                                                                   collections            of these collections
                       5               Organic     Varnish in      VIOLIN VARNISH:        µPIXE mappings             Different layers were
                                       material     musical        Elemental analysis     were carried out to        characterised: the results
                                                  instruments      of historical violin   estimate from the          are in course of
                                                                   varnishes              elemental                  publication.
                                                                                          distribution the
                                                                                          presence of multiple
                                                                                          varnish layers
                       5               Material      Lustre        MAJOLICA: Study        Data concerning the        PIXE         and       RBS
                                       science      ceramics       of materials and       Gubbio lustered            measurements       clarified
                                                                   techniques of          ceramics production        composition and layering
                                                                   lustered majolicas     in the Renaissance         of lustre decorations
                                                                   (3)                    period.
                       3               Materail     Glasses        STAINED GLASS:         Testing                    Initiating a data base of
                                       science                     Study of stained       complementarity of         IBIL spectra for various
                                                                   glasses from a         IBIL and PIXE for          pigments
                                                                   paleo-Christian        pigment
                                                                   church of Friuli       identification
                       3               Material   Processes in     GLASS                  Tests to verify the        Positive results were
                                       science       glass         CORROSION:             possibility to study       obtained.    Non-vacuum
                                                   corrosion       Non-destructive        alteration of glasses.     ERDA was used to
                                                                   evaluation of the                                 estimate the thickness of
                                                                   corrosion of glass                                the hydrated layer on the
                                                                   objects and enamels                               surface of a reference
                                                                                                                     glass.
                       3               Material   Identification   IONOLUMINESC           Better understanding       A database containing
                                       science     of pigments     ENCE: Ion beam         of the process and         IBIL spectra is acquired.
                                                                   induced                determination of the       The first results have been

FP6 Research Infrastructures                                             88                                        Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                                                            2nd Annual Report
                                                     A. ACTIVITY REPORT (ANNEXES)



                                                                luminescence       for   best experimental          reported in an
                                                                cultural heritage (2)    parameter for ion          international conference
                                                                                         beam induced               and will be published in
                                                                                         luminescence               the proceedings.
                                                                                         spectroscopy applied
                                                                                         to artwork materials.
                       5               Material      Glass      SOL-GEL: Study of        To determine the           Results on the effects of
                                       science     protection   sol-gel protectives      thickness of sol-gel       the catalyst used for the
                                                                for ancient glass (a)    layers by RBS.             production of the
                                                                (2)                                                 protective coating and on
                                                                                                                    the effect of weathering
                                                                                                                    on the thickness and
                                                                                                                    stability of this coating.
                       4               Material   Gold object   VISIGOTHIC               Insights on the gold's     It was possible to
                                       science    composition   GOLD: Micro-             provenance                 distinguish groups with
                                                                PIXE studies on                                     different trace elements.
                                                                Visigothic                                          Worth mentioning is the
                                                                “Pietroasa”gold                                     discovery of Ta inclusions
                                                                hoard objects (2)                                   in the gold of a Germanic
                                                                                                                    fibulae.
                       5               Material    Obsidian     OBSIDIAN:                Provenance pf              Specificities in knowledge
                                       science    provenance    Neolithisation and       obsidian artefact          of the preferred obsidian
                                                                obsidian circulation     from Sardinia              type used in early
                                                                in Western               excavations.               Neolithic Sardinia were
                                                                Mediterranean:                                      obtained
                                                                early phase of
                                                                Sardinian Neolithic
                       2               Material   Metal point   METAL POINT:             Determination of the       A series of samples of
                                       science     drawing      Damage evaluation        best experimental          Hadern-paper was
                                                                by µ -PIXE used for      parameters for the         bombarded with protons
                                                                the analysis of          analysis of metal          under various conditions,
                                                                metal point              point drawings to          to check the absence of
                                                                drawings                 avoid damage by the        visible damage on the
                                                                                         incident beam.             drawings
                       5               Material    Organic      INTERNAL PIXE            PIXE measurements          Tests were performed,
                                       science     material     STANDARDS:               in organic matrices        using droplets of
                                                                µ-PIXE analyses of       like paper, wood or        calibrated solutions mixed
                                                                elements in paper,       fabrics, by using          with ink on different
                                                                parchment and            internal standards.        paper and parchment
                                                                wood. A feasibility                                 supports. The validity of
                                                                study                                               the approach will be
                                                                                                                    verified by chemical
                                                                                                                    analysis.
                       3               Material    Organic      HERBARIUM 2:             To complete the            A large database has now
                                       science     material     Analysis of              investigations on          been     built     on   the
                                                                hazardous organic        dried botanical            potentially       hazardous
                                                                and inorganic            collections by PIXE.       elements contained by the
                                                                residues applied to                                 users collection.
                                                                dried botanical
                                                                collections (2)
                       3               Material     Lustre      LUSTRE           2:      Lustre ceramics from       Enrichment of           the
                                       science     ceramics     Analyses of lustred      Cordoba, Andalusia         knowledge on the Iberian
                                                                ceramics      from       were analysed by           lustre          production
                                                                Andalusia (3)            PIXE and RBS               techniques of the 13th-15th
                                                                                                                    century.
                       5               Material     Metal       BRONZE                   Determination       of     Composition was related
                                       science      objects     PATINAS: Study of        properties of antique      to colour and resistance
                                                                antique    bronze        bronze patinas e.g.        properties of the patinas.
                                                                patina                   colour,    resistance,
                                                                                         etc.
   Total              69                                        17 Project

FP6 Research Infrastructures                                           89                                         Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                                                           2nd Annual Report
                                                    A. ACTIVITY REPORT (ANNEXES)


Table 26: MOLAB User-Projects (during the AR2 reporting period)

     Infrastructure Short Name                                                        MOLAB
Installati      Amount            FP6        Scientific       Acronym /Project            User-Project                  Achievements
on owner       of access        Priority/      Field               Title                   Objectives
Participa        (days)         Specific
 nt Short                       Disciplin
  Name                             e
                                                                                                                 A highly probable
                                                            LAMPI: Study of                                      difference in the
UNI-PG               5                                      painting technique of                                use of yellows by Lampi
                                                            J.B. Lampi, father and                               elder and Lampi younger
                                                                                      Verification of their
                                Material                    son, from the 19th                                   was found. IR
                                              Painting                                authorship through
                                science      techniques     century collection of                                spectroscopy and XRF
                                                                                      materials
                                                            Moravian Gallery in                                  focused the attention also
CNR-
                     5                                      Brno, CZ                                             on greens (mixed from
INOA
                                                                                                                 yellows and blues in all
                                                                                                                 paintings).
                                                                                      Identification     of
                                             Medieval       PUTNA: Romanian           pigments and binders.      Pigments, binder, inks,
UNI-PG               7                      manuscripts     illuminated medieval      State of conservation      and state of conservation
                                Material                    manuscripts: materials    and repainting for         were carefully
                               science                      and techniques            conservation.              characterised.

                                                            CEZANNE: Non-             Identification of
                                                                                                                 Several synthetic pigments
                                                            invasive analysis of      execution techniques
                                                                                                                 were identified. Indication
                                                            materials from            (pigments and
                                                                                                                 on binder was given. An
                                                            paintings by Paul         binders) of the
                                                                                                                 undocumented wax
                                Material      Painting
                                                            Cezanne in the            Impressionist and
UNI-PG               4                                                                                           protective layer was also
                                science                     Courtauld Institute       post-Impressionist
                                                                                                                 found.
                                                            Gallery, London           period.
                                                                                                                 The pigments in the
                                                                                                                 Macclesfield         Psalter
                                                                                                                 illuminations include –
                                                                                                                 carbon black, chalk, lead
                                                                                                                 white, azurite, a copper
                                                                                                                 green,      three     lakes
                                                                                                                 (probably kermes, madder
                                                                                                                 and saffron) and Mosaic
                                              Execution                               Characterisation of
                                                            M&M: The                                             gold.               Perhaps
                                            techniques in                             inks and execution
                                Material      medieval
                                                            Macclesfield Psalter                                 surprisingly,            no
UNI-PG               5                                                                techniques of
                                science      manuscripts    & Metz Pontifical                                    ultramarine, indigo or
                                                                                      illuminations.
                                                                                                                 vermilion were found in
                                                                                                                 the           illuminations.
                                                                                                                 Vermilion was, however,
                                                                                                                 employed in rubrication.
                                                                                                                 The black ink was found
                                                                                                                 to be an iron gall ink with
                                                                                                                 an unusually high level of
                                                                                                                 zinc, in some folios.
                                                                                                                 No differences in alloy
                                                                                                                 composition were
                                                                                                                 detected in tarnished
                                                                                                                 areas. Chloride was
                                                                                                                 detected preferentially in
                                                            SILVER:
                                                                                      Characterisation of        the tarnished areas
                                                            Investigation of Silver
                                                                                      the conservation state     indicating that the silver
UNI-PG                          Material       Silver       Tarnish Risk and
                     5                                                                of silver tarnished        tarnish is of a mixed type
                                science      tarnishing     Remaining Protection
                                                                                      surfaces.                  and not composed solely
                                                            Afforded by Lacquers
                                                                                                                 of silver sulphide. This
                                                                                                                 result has serious
                                                                                                                 consequences for
                                                                                                                 preventive conservation
                                                                                                                 strategies.


FP6 Research Infrastructures                                         90                                        Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                                                        2nd Annual Report
                                                   A. ACTIVITY REPORT (ANNEXES)



                                                                                     Knowkedge on                .Polychromies         were
                                                            SPASTONE: Study of       execution techniques        characterised. They are
                                                            polychromies and         of polychromies.            stratified through three
UNI-PG               5                                      consolidatiing effects   Check of the                different layers. Probably
                                           Polychromies
                                            in poutdoor     in the stones of the     presence of organic         different binders were
                                Material   sculptures and   façades of the           materials, oils and         used in the various layers.
                                science        stone        Cathedral and            agglutinatives              The state of conservation
                                           consolidation    Provincial Museum of     basically. State of         of treated stones was
CNR-
                     3                                      Huesca (Spain).          conservation of             characterised by NMR
ICVBC
                                                                                     treated stones              and micro-drilling.
                                                                                     Objective was to            In-situ     measurements
                                                                                     evaluate in situ the        showed that the condition
                                                            PECONDRILL: In-
                                                                                     penetration depth of        of treatments were very
                                                            situ identification of
                                                                                     the consolidants in         critical      for       the
                                                            the penetration depth
                                                                                     the        deteriorated     consolidating effect of the
                                                            of consolidants on
                                                                                     porous      limestones      products. In some cases,
                                Material       Stone        bioclastic limestones
CNR-                                                                                 from Aptera, Crete, in      materials that yield the
                                science     consolidatin    through micro-drilling
                     3                                                               order to design a           best performances in the
ICVBC                                                       measurements
                                                                                     correct conservation        laboratory did not confirm
                                                                                     intervention.               the same behaviour in-
                                                                                                                 situ.

Total               42                                      7 Project




FP6 Research Infrastructures                                        91                                         Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                                                        2nd Annual Report
                                                                                       A. ACTIVITY REPORT (ANNEXES)




Table 27: AGLAE Users (during the AR2 reporting period)




                    Reporting Period




                                                                                                                                                                                                             number of visits
                                                                                  Research status




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Beam time days
                                                                                                                              group leader




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Access days
                                                                                                                                             new user




                                                                                                                                                                                            Country




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               TSr
  Month-
                                          Project Acronym           Name                               Scientific backgr.                                             Institution                     type
   year




  June-05        AR 2                  VOLOS                Adrymi-Sismani, V.   EXP                Humanities                Y              Y          Museum Antiques Volos              GR         OTH        1                4               5            Y

 June -05        AR 2                  VOLOS                Alexsandrou, S.      EXP                Humanities                N              Y          Museum Antiques Volos              GR         OTH        1                4               5            Y

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  5

 June -05        AR 2                  NOSTRETANGEN         Bjorke, A.           EXP                Humanities                Y              Y          Norv. Inst. Cult. Heritage         NO         OTH        1                2               3            Y

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3

  July -05       AR 2                  LUSTRE1              Povorinos , A.       EXP                Material sciences         Y              N          U Seville                          ES         UNI        2                3               5            Y

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  5

 Sept -05        AR 2                  HERBARIUM1           Colston, B.          EXP                Chemistry                 Y              Y          U Lincoln                          UK         UNI        1                4               5            Y

  Sept-05        AR 2                  HERBARIUM1           Pureval, V.          PGR                Life Science & Boitech.   N              Y          National Museum Wales              UK         OTH        1                4               5            Y

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  5

 Sept -05        AR 2                  VIOLIN VARNISH       von Bohlen, A.       EXP                Chemistry                 Y              Y          ISAS Dortmund                      DE         RES        1                4               5            Y

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  5

  Oct -05        AR 2                  MAJOLICA             Padeletti, G.        EXP                Physics                   Y              N          ISMN-CNR                           IT         RES        3                4               5            Y

  Oct -05        AR 2                  MAJOLICA             Fermo, P.            EXP                Chemistry                 N              N          U Milano                           IT         UNI        3                4               5            Y

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  5

  Oct -05        AR 2                  STAINED GLASS        Zucchiatti A.        EXP                Physics                   Y              N          INFN Genova                        IT         RES        2                3               3            Y

  Oct -05        AR 2                  STAINED GLASS        Canonica, L.         PGR                Physics                   N              Y          University Genova                  IT         UNI                                         3

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3

  Nov -05        AR 2                  GLASS CORROSION      Mäder, M.            EXP                Humanities                N              Y          Academy of Fine Arts Vienna        AT         UNI        1                3               3            Y

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3

  Nov -05        AR 2                  IONOLUMINESCENCE     Quaranta, A.         EXP                Material sciences         Y              N          U Trento                           IT         UNI        2                2               2            Y
FP6 Research Infrastructures                                                                               92                                                                         Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                                                                                                                               2nd Annual Report
                                                                        A. ACTIVITY REPORT (ANNEXES)



  Nov -05        AR 2       IONOLUMINESCENCE        Tonezzer, M.      PGR     Material sciences         N   N   U Trento                                 IT     UNI     2    3       3   Y

                                                                                                                                                                                     3

Dec -2005        AR 2       SOL GEL COATING         Bertoncello, R.   EXP     Chemistry                 Y   N   U Padova                                 IT     UNI     2    5       3   Y

Dec -2005        AR 2       SOL GEL COATING         Dal Bianco, B.    PGR     Chemistry                 N   N   U Padova                                 IT     UNI     2    5       5   Y

Dec -2005        AR 2       SOL GEL COATING         Voltolina, S.     PGR     Chemistry                 N   Y   U Padova                                 IT     UNI     1    5       5   Y

                                                                                                                                                                                     5

  Jan -06        AR 2       VISIGOTHIC GOLD         Bugoi, R.         PDOC    Physics                   N   N   National Institute of Nuclear Physics    RO     RES     2    3       4   Y

                                                                                                                                                                                     4

  Feb -06        AR 2       OBSIDIAN                Luglie, C         EXP     Humanities                Y   Y   U Cagliari                               IT     UNI     1    5       5   Y

                                                                                                                                                                                     5

 Mars -06        AR 2       METAL        POINT      Wünschek, B.      UND     Physics                   N   N   VERA Lab. U Vienna                       AT     UNI     2    2           Y
                            DRAWING                                                                                                                                                  2

 Mars -06        AR 2       METAL        POINT      Kröpfel, P.       PGR     Physics                   N   N   VERA Lab. U Vienna                       AT     UNI     2    2           Y
                            DRAWING                                                                                                                                                  2
 Mars -06        AR 2       METAL        POINT      Golser, R.        EXP     Physics                   Y   N   VERA Lab. U Vienna                       AT     UNI     2    2           N
                            DRAWING                                                                                                                                                  2
                                                                                                                                                                                     2

 Mars -06        AR 2       INTERNAL         PIXE   von Bohlen, A.    EXP     Chemistry                 Y   N   ISAS Dortmund                            DE     RES     2    5           Y
                            STANDARD                                                                                                                                                 5
                                                                                                                                                                                     5

 Mars -06        AR 2       HERBARIUM2              Colston, B.       EXP     Chemistry                 Y   N   U Lincoln                                UK     UNI     2    2       3   Y

 Mars -06        AR 2       HERBARIUM2              Pureval, V.       PGR     Life Science & Boitech.   N   N   National Museum Wales                    UK     OTH     2    2       3   Y

                                                                                                                                                                                     3

  Apr -06        AR 2       LUSTRE2                 Polvorinos, A.    EXP     Material sciences         Y   N   U Seville                                ES     UNI     3    4           Y
                                                                                                                                                                                     4
                                                                                                                                                                                     4
 May -06         AR 2       BRONZE PATINAS          Mathis, F.        PDOC    Physics                   N   Y   Centre Europ. d'Archéometrie Liège       BE     RES     1    5       5   Y

                                                                                                                                                                                     5

FP6 Research Infrastructures                                                         93                                                             Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                                                                                             2nd Annual Report
                                                                                       A. ACTIVITY REPORT (ANNEXES)




Table 28: MOLAB Users (during the AR2 reporting period)


     PROJECT
     ACRONYM                                                   USER                                                         HOME INSTITUTION                                       ACCESS




                                                                                                                                                               Number of




                                                                                                                                                                                         Infrastruct
                                                    Research




                                                                                                                                                                             Duration
                                                                                                                                                                             n° days
                                                               Gender
                                  Name                                   Scientific




                                                                                      Group
                                                                                      leader
                                                     status




                                                                                                                                                                 Visits




                                                                                                                                                                                             ure
                                                                           Field               New                                                                                                     T&S
                            (family name, first                                                                      Institution              Country   Type
                                                                        Background             user
                                  name)

                                                                                                           Academic Laboratory of
       LAMPI               Hradil, David           EXP         M          Chemist     Y         Y          Materials Research of Paintings,     CZ      RES       1          10         UNI-PG          Y
                                                                                                           Prague
                                                                                                           Academic      Laboratory      of                                  10                         Y
       LAMPI               Hradilová, Janka        EXP         F          Chemist      -        Y          Materials Research of Paintings,     CZ      RES       1                     UNI-PG
                                                                                                           Prague

       LAMPI               Fogaš, Igor             EXP         M        Conservator    -        Y
                                                                                                           Moravian Gallery, Restoration
                                                                                                                                                CZ      OTH       1          10         UNI-PG          Y
                                                                                                           Department, Brno

                           Grygar, Tomáš                                                                   Academic      Laboratory      of
       LAMPI                                       EXP         M          Chemist      -        Y          Materials Research of Paintings,     CZ      RES       1          10         UNI-PG          Y
                                                                                                           Prague
                                                                                                           Academic Laboratory of
       LAMPI               Bezdička, Peter         EXP         M          Chemist      -        Y          Materials Research of Paintings,     CZ      RES       1          10         UNI-PG          Y
                                                                                                           Prague
                                                                                                           Academic Laboratory of
       LAMPI               Kučková, Štěpánka        PGS
                                                               F          Chemist      -        Y          Materials Research of Paintings,     CZ      RES       1          10         UNI-PG          Y
                                                  student
                                                                                                           Prague
                                                                                                           Moravian Gallery, Restoration
       LAMPI               Zmydlená, Marie         EXP         F        Conservator    -        Y                                               CZ      OTH       1          10         UNI-PG          Y
                                                                                                           Department , Brno
                           Svobodová,                                                                      Restoration department of the
       LAMPI                                       EXP         F        Conservator    -        Y                                               CZ      OTH       1          10         UNI-PG          Y
                           Kateřina                                                                        Moravian Gallery in Brno
                                                                                                           National Art Museum of
       PUTNA               Lupu, Mihai             EXP         M          Chemist     Y         Y          Romania, Scientific laboratory,      RO      OTH       1           7         UNI-PG          Y
                                                                                                           Bucharest
                                                                                                           National Research Laboratory
                                                                                                           for Conservation and                                                                         Y
       PUTNA               Balta, Ileana           EXP         F          Chemist      -        Y                                               RO      RES       1           7         UNI-PG
                                                                                                           Restoration of Mobile Cultural
                                                                                                           Heritage, Bucharest
FP6 Research Infrastructures                                                                          94                                                                   Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                                                                                                                    2nd Annual Report
                                                                         A. ACTIVITY REPORT (ANNEXES)



                                                                                           National Research Laboratory
                         Nicolescu, Gheorghi                Chemist                        for       Conservation    and                  1
      PUTNA                                      EXP   M                 -       Y                                             RO   RES         7         UNI-PG          Y
                                                                                           Restoration of Mobile Cultural
                                                                                           Heritage, Bucharest
                                                                                           National Research Laboratory
                                                                                           for       Conservation    and
      PUTNA              Petroviciu, Irina       EXP   F    Chemist      -       Y                                             RO   RES   1     7         UNI-PG          Y
                                                                                           Restoration of Mobile Cultural
                                                                                           Heritage, Bucharest
                                                                                           National Art Museum of
      PUTNA              Cretu, Ileana           EXP   F   Conservator   -       Y         Romania, Conservation               RO   OTH   1     7         UNI-PG          Y
                                                                                           Laboratory, Bucharest
                         Ciprian, Ionisie
      PUTNA                                      EXP   F   Conservator   -       Y         Museum of Putna Monastery           RO   OTH   1     7         UNI-PG          Y
                         (monk Elefterie)
                                                                                           Department of Conservation &
     CEZANNE             Burnstock, Aviva        EXP   F    Chemist      Y       Y         Technology, Courtauld Institute     UK   OTH   1     5         UNI-PG          Y
                                                                                           of Art
                                                                                           Department of Conservation &
     CEZANNE             House, John             EXP   M   Conservator   -       Y         Technology, Courtauld Institute     UK   OTH   1     5         UNI-PG          Y
                                                                                           of Art
                                                                                                                                                                          Y
     CEZANNE             Vegelin, Ernst          EXP   M    Curator      -       Y         Courtauld Institute Gallery         UK   OTH   1     5         UNI-PG

     CEZANNE             Van der Berg, Klaas     EXP   M    Chemist      -       Y         Institute Collectie Nederland       NL   OTH   1     5         UNI-PG          Y
                                                                                           Hamilton      Kerr     Institute,
       M&M               Bucklow, Spike          EXP   M    Chemist      Y       Y                                             UK   UNI   1     5         UNI-PG          Y
                                                                                           University of Cambridge
                                                                                           Fitzwilliam Museum,
       M&M               Panayotova, Stella      EXP        Curator      -       Y                                             UK   OTH   1     5         UNI-PG          Y
                                                                                           Cambridge
                                                                                           Anglia Polytechnic University,
       M&M               Emmet, Trevor           EXP   M    Chemist      -       Y                                             UK   UNI   1     5         UNI-PG          Y
                                                                                           Cambridge
                                                                                           English Heritage, Collections
      SILVER             Thickett, David         EXP   M    Chemist      Y       Y                                             UK   OTH   1     4         UNI-PG          Y
                                                                                           Care Team, London
      SILVER             Odylia, Marianne        EXP   F    Chemist      -       Y         Birkbeck College, London            UK   OTH   1     4         UNI-PG          Y
      SILVER             Jenkins, Susan          EXP   F   Conservator   -       Y         English Heritage, London            UK   OTH   1     4         UNI-PG          Y
                                                                                           Oviedo University, Department                                  UNI-PG;         Y
    SPASTONE             Esbert, Rosa Maria      EXP   F    Geologist    Y       Y         of Geology, Facultad de             ES   UNI   1     8          CNR-
                                                                                           Geología                                                       ICVBC
                                                                                           Oviedo University, Department                                  UNI-PG;
                         Ordaz       Gargallo,                                             of Geology, Facultad de                        1
    SPASTONE                                     EXP   M    Geologist    -       Y                                             ES   UNI         8          CNR-           Y
                         Jorge                                                             Geología                                                       ICVBC
    SPASTONE             Alonso, Javier          EXP   M    Geologist    -       Y         Oviedo University                   ES   UNI   1     8                         Y
                                                                                           Instituto Patrimonio Historico de
     SPASTONE              Gómez, Maria Luisa    EXP   F    Chemist      -       Y                                             ES   OTH   1     8          UNI-PG;         Y
                                                                                           Madrid, Ministry of Culture
FP6 Research Infrastructures                                                          95                                                      Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                                                                                       2nd Annual Report
                                                                              A. ACTIVITY REPORT (ANNEXES)


                                                                                                                                                                 CNR-
                                                                                                                                                                ICVBC

                                                                                                Instituto Patrimonio Historico de                              UNI-PG;
     SPASTONE              Cirujano, Concha           EXP   F   Conservator   -       Y                                             ES   OTH   1      8         CNR-            Y
                                                                                                Madrid, Ministry of Culture
                                                                                                                                                               ICVBC

                                                                                                Instituto Patrimonio Historico de                              UNI-PG;
     SPASTONE              Laborde, Ana               EXP   F   Conservator   -       Y                                             ES   OTH   1      8         CNR-            Y
                                                                                                Madrid, Ministry of Culture
                                                                                                                                                               ICVBC

                                                                                                Instituto Patrimonio Historico de                              UNI-PG;
                           Navarro,            Jose              Chemist                                                                       1
     SPASTONE                                         EXP   M                 -       Y         Madrid, Ministry of Culture         ES   OTH          8         CNR-            Y
                           Vicente
                                                                                                                                                               ICVBC

                                                                 Geologist                      Technical University of Crete                  1                 CNR-
   PECONDRILL              Maravelaki, Noni           EXP   M                 Y       Y                                             GR   UNI          3                         Y
                                                                                                                                                                ICVBC
                           Kallithrakas-Kontos,                  Geologist                      Technical University of Crete                  1                 CNR-
   PECONDRILL                                         EXP   M                 -       Y                                             GR   UNI          3                         Y
                           Nikos                                                                                                                                ICVBC

                                                                 Geologist                      Technical University of Crete                  1                 CNR-
   PECONDRILL              Exadaktylos, George        EXP   M                 -       Y                                             GR   UNI          3                         Y
                                                                                                                                                                ICVBC

                                                                 Geologist                      Technical University of Crete                  1                 CNR-           Y
   PECONDRILL              Liolios, Pantelis          EXP   M                 -       Y                                             GR   UNI          3
                                                                                                                                                                ICVBC

                                                                 Geologist                      Technical University of Crete                  1                 CNR-
   PECONDRILL              Barakos, Giorgos           EXP   M                 -       Y                                             GR   UNI          3                         Y
                                                                                                                                                                ICVBC




FP6 Research Infrastructures                                                               96                                                      Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                                                                                            2nd Annual Report
                                          A. ACTIVITY REPORT (ANNEXES)




A5         List of Publications

Eu-ARTECH list of publications (during the AR2 reporting period)


At the end of the second year of application of both AGLAE and MOLAB Transnational Access, a conspicuous
number of experimental data have been produced. Some of them have been already subject of publications in the
international literature of the field or of presentations at international meetings and conferences.
The first results of the Joint Research Activity programmes have been also subject of publications or
presentations at conferences.
AGLAE
A. Quaranta, J. C. Dran, J. Salomon, J. C. Pivin, A. Vomiero, M. Tonezzer, G. Maggioni, S. Carturan, G.
Della Mea: Analysis of art objects by means of Ion Beam Induced Luminescence. Proceedings 19th Nuclear
Physics Divisional Conference, NPDC19, New Trends in Nuclear Physics Applications and Technology,
Pavia, 5-9 September 2005.
A. Quaranta, J Salomon, J C Dran, M Tonezzer, G Della Mea, Ion Beam Induced Luminescence analysis of
painting pigments, Nucl. Instr. Meth. B, submitted;
Bertoncello R., Milanese L., Dran J.C., Bouquillon A., Sada C., Sol-gel deposition of silica films on silicate
glasses: influence of the presence of lead in the glass or in precursor solution. J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 352,
p.315-321 (2006);
Padeletti G., Ingo G.M., Bouquillon A., Pages-Camagna S., Aucouturier M., Roehrs S., Fermo. P., First
time observation of Mastro Giorgio‟s masterpieces by means of non-destructive techniques, Applied Physics
A 83, 475-483 (2006).
S. Berthier, G. Padeletti, P. Fermo, A. Bouquillon, M. Aucouturier, E. Charron, V. Reillon, Lusters of
Renaissance pottery: Experimental and theoretical optical properties using inhomogeneous theories,
Applied Physics A 83, 573-580 (2006);
A. Polvorinos del Rio, J. Castaing, M. Aucouturier, Metallic nano-particles in lustre glazed ceramics from
the 15th century in Seville studied by PIXE and RBS, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics B (2006)
in the press
B. Constantinescu, R. Bugoi, V. Cojocaru, D. Voiculescu, D. Grambole, F. Herrmann, D. Ceccato, T.
Calligaro, J. Salomon, L. Pichon, S. Röhrs. Micro-PIXE studies on Visigothic „Pietroasa‟ Gold Hoard,
Success Book of the the EU COST G8 action “Non-destructive analysis and testing of museum objects”
(2006), in the press.
MOLAB
L.Syson and R. Billinge, Leonardo da Vinci‟s use of underdrawing in the Virgin of the Rocks in the National
Gallery and St. Jerome in the Vatican, Burlington Magazine, CXLVIII, 450-463 (2005);
L. Burgio, B.G. Brunetti, Lustre ceramics analysis using the MOLAB facilities, V&A Conservation Journal,
51, 18 (2005);
R. Bellucci, C.Frosinini, B.G. Brunetti, L.Pezzati, La Vergine delle Rocce di Leonardo: sorprese
nell‟underdrawing della versione di Londra, Kermes, 60, 39 (2005);
B. G. Brunetti, M. Matteini, C. Miliani, L. Pezzati, D. Pinna, MOLAB, a mobile laboratory for in situ non-
invasive studies in arts and archaeology in Proceedings of LACONA VI, Vienna, September 2005;
A. Burnstock, Non-invasive analysis of materials from paintings by Paul Cezanne in the Courtauld Institute
of Art Gallery, Courtauld Institute of Art News, 21, 31 (2006).

FP6 Research Infrastructures                          97                        Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                         2nd Annual Report
                                           A. ACTIVITY REPORT (ANNEXES)



JRA1
B. Doherty, M. Pamplona, R. Selvaggi, C. Miliani, M. Matteini, A.Sgamellotti, B.G. Brunetti, Efficiency
and resistance of the artificial oxalate protection treatment on marble against chemical weathering, Appl.
Surf. Science (2006), submitted;
B. Doherty, M. Pamplona, C. Miliani, M. Matteini, A. Sgamellotti, B. Brunetti, Determined proficiency of
the artificial calcium oxalate protective on Florentine monuments, Journal of Cultural Heritage, 2006,
submitted.
JRA2
F.Presciutti, D.Capitani, A.Sgamellotti, B.G.Brunetti, F.Costantino, S.Viel, A.Segre, EPR, SEM-EDS,
XRPD, NMR characterization of iron rich fired clays, J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 22147-22158 (2005);
C.Miliani, F.Rosi, I.Borgia, P.Benedetti, B.G.Brunetti, A.Sgamellotti, Fiber-optic mid-FTIR reflectance
spectroscopy: a suitable technique for in-situ studies of mural paintings, Appl. Spectr. (2006), in the press.
_________________________


Presentations at Conferences and Meetings
AGLAE
R.Bertoncello, L. Milanese, B. Dal Bianco (University of Padova) A. Bouquillon, J.C. Dran, S. Roehrs,
J.Salomon (CNRS-C2RMF), The role of acidity of sol-gel silica protective coatings in the preservation of
historical glasses, IGIIC Congress, Palermo (IT), September 22-24, 2005;
Padeletti G., Bouquillon A., Aucouturier M., (2005), Glaze and pigment analyses of Mastro Giorgio
masterpieces. Symposium “Mastro Giorgio da Gubbio. Art, Science and Technology of Lustred Majolicas”,
Gubbio (IT), November 9 -11, 2005;
L. Beck, L‟accélérateur AGLAE et l‟accessibilité par Eu-ARTECH, ICOM-CC Metal working group
meeting, Saint-Aubin (FR) March 1-2, 2006;
V. Adrimi-Sismani, S. Alexandrou, D. Bagault, T. Borel, M. F. Guerra, L. Pichon, S. Röhrs, J. Salomon, G.
Tsoucaris, P. Walter. Provenance of the gold from Kasanki with ion beam analysis. Archaeological meeting
of Thessaly and central Greece 2003-2005: “From Prehistory to the Contemporary Period” Volos (GR),
March 17-19, 2006;
L. Beck, J. Salomon, J.C. Dran, T. Guillou, M. Menu, B. Moignard, L. Pichon, S. Röhrs, Ph. Walter -
Transnational access to the Louvre accelerator facility through the EU-ARTECH European project, 36th
International Symposium on Archaeometry (ISA 2006), Québec (CA) May 2-6, 2006
MOLAB
B.G. Brunetti, Study and conservation of artworks by European transnational access, EMRS, European
Material Research Society Conference, Strasbourg (FR), May 31-June 3 2005;
C.Ricci, C.Miliani, L Cartechini, A.Sgamellotti, B.G. Brunetti, In-situ non-destructive identification of
surface marble alterations by fiber optic mid-FTIR reflectance spectroscopy, EMRS, European Material
Research Society Conference, Strasbourg (FR), May 31-June 3 2005;
C.Miliani, In-situ studies of Renaissance lusterwares by fiber-optics Raman spectroscopy, 3rd International
Conference on Raman Spectroscopy in Art and Archaeology, Paris (FR), September 2005;
B.G. Brunetti, Science for the study and conservation of artworks, 19th Colloquium on High Resolution
Molecular Spectroscopy, Salamanca (ES), September 2005 (plenary lecture);
C.Miliani, A.Sgamellotti, Transnational access to the mobile facility MOLAB, Triennial ICOM-CC Meeting,
The Hague (NL), September 2005;
L.Pezzati, MOLAB: a European mobile laboratory for in situ non-invasive studies of artworks LACONA
VI, Lasers for the conservation of artworks, Vienna (AT), September 21st-25th, 2005 (invited);
FP6 Research Infrastructures                           98                        Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                          2nd Annual Report
                                         A. ACTIVITY REPORT (ANNEXES)



B.Brunetti, Transnational Access for the study and conservation of artworks - The case of Eu-ARTECH,
International Meeting- COST and Cultural Heritage: Crossing Borders, Firenze (IT), October 20th-22nd, 2005
(invited);
D.Thickett, N.Luxford, FTIR analysis of protective coatings, 7th Infrared and Raman User Group Meeting,
New York (US), March 2006;
L.Syson, C.Frosinini, R.Bellucci, L.Pezzati, B.G.Brunetti, Grandi sorprese dalla riflettografia IR sulla
Vergine delle Rocce di Londra, Salone del Restauro 2006, Ferrara (IT), April 2006;
B.G.Brunetti, MOLAB (Mobile Laboratory): a Transnational Access service for in-situ non-invasive studies
of the European cultural heritage, 7th European Commission Conference "Saveur", Prague (CZ), May 31-
June 2nd 2006;
JRA1
M. Mach - Support of preservation of historical monuments activities by Eu-ARTECH, Meeting of the
Working group "Restoration and Materials Science" of the "Vereinigung der Landesdenkmalpfleger", Köln
(DE), October 20-21, 2005;
R. Mazzeo - Micro-FTIR spectroscopy and ATR mapping of the surface and stratigraphic characterisation
of bronze corrosion products, Conference on surface reactivity in minerals, Gargnano (IT) April 10-11, 2006
S.Bracci, B.Doherty, E.Joseph, M.Mach, M.Matteini, R. Mazzeo, C. Miliani, C.P.Nunes, D.Pinna,
A.F.Pinto, S. Porcinai, J.Delgado, B.Sacchi, M. Salta, B.Salvadori, Development and evaluation of new
treatments for the conservation and restoration of outdoor stone and bronze monuments, , 7th European
Commission Conference "Saveur", Prague (CZ), May 31-June 2, 2006;
JRA2
C.Miliani, F.Rosi, B.Brunetti, A.Sgamellotti, Using fiber-optics infrared spectroscopy from mid- to near-IR
to assess the polychromy composition of easel paintings, 7th Infrared and Raman User Group Meeting, New
York (US), March 28-31, 2006;
C.Miliani, Use of FTIR to detect organic materials in wall paintings, 7th Infrared and Raman User Group
Meeting, New York (US), March 28-31, 2006.
B. Blümich, Portable NMR and Cultural Heritage, Metropolitan Museum of Arts, New York (US), May 11,
2006.




FP6 Research Infrastructures                         99                       Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                       2nd Annual Report
                                                    A. ACTIVITY REPORT (ANNEXES)




A6         Database Report

Contract ID:                   RII3-CT-2004-506171                          Reporting Period:                   AR2
Website:                       http:// www.eu-artech.org
Objectives:                    The main aim is to promote an open Access to leading European Research
                               Infrastructure creating new perspectives for the conservation of the European
                               cultural heritage, and to improve their performances. This will be achieved by
                               developing new treatments for the conservation-restoration of outdoor
                               monuments and new methods in diagnostics and experimental tools through two
                               Joint researches, and by Networking activities to establish cooperation‟s and
                               exchange of knowledge with other infrastructures in the field, and to diffuse
                               common best practices and related technologies.
                               Networking activity objectives intend to achieve a permanent interoperability
                               among twelve of the most internationally distinguished European institutions
                               and a strong interactions between a large number of scientists, on rational use of
                               analytical resources and on materials and methods in conservation, have the aim
                               to propose protocols on material studies for meaningful comparisons of results,
                               and to promote common strategies in conservation.
                               Transnational access is provided to eligible individual researchers and
                               researcher groups to a high-level CNRS-C2RMF laboratory located in Paris, F,
                               close to the Louvre Museum (AGLAE, an accelerator system for ion-beam
                               analysis for PIXE, PIGE, RBS, ERDA) and to an advanced set of portable
                               equipment, and related competences (MOLAB) - provided by three academic
                               and RT research centres in Perugia, IT (UNI-PG), and in Firenze, IT (OPD,
                               CNR-ICVBC/INOA) - for in-situ non-destructive measurements on artworks
                               and/or evaluation of conservation-restoration methods, directly in a museum
                               room, or on the scaffold of a restoration workshop, or in an archaeological site.
                               Joint research activities are devoted to enhance new technical capabilities and
                               technological innovations, to improve the infrastructure performances and the
                               quality of the offered service.
                               The final goal is the structuring of a European research area with common
                               advanced resources, agreed high-quality practices and homogeneous objectives.


Access Modalities:             Request of access to AGLAE and MOLAB can be presented by European users
                               through the modality described in the Eu-ARTECH website (internet link
                               provided above), using a simple proposal form.
                               The request consists of a research proposal which is evaluated and selected by
                               an international Peer Review Committee. The users of the selected proposals,
                               once criteria of eligibility are satisfied, obtain free access to the requested
                               facility, including infrastructure and logistical support, scientific and technical
                               assistance and, in case of AGLAE, travel and subsistence grants. In case of
                               MOLAB, the granted users receive the "mobile laboratory" in their working
                               place with an intervention fully supported by EC.
                               The fundamental principle for eligibility is the scientific merit of the proposals
                               received and then their technical feasibility.


Project                        During the second year activity, several projects have been carried out by users
Achievements:                  in Paris (in the case of AGLAE) or directly in European museums or
FP6 Research Infrastructures                                    100                       Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                                   2nd Annual Report
                                                    A. ACTIVITY REPORT (ANNEXES)



                               monuments (in case of MOLAB). Relevant artworks have been studied, such as
                               paintings of Cezanne and Renoir, polychromies on outdoor Middle-Ages
                               sculptures, ancient gold objects from Greece, stained glasses, illuminated
                               manuscripts, etc. At the same time, results relevant to understand phenomena
                               like bronze patina formations or glass corrosions have been obtained. In the
                               case of Cezanne and Renoir paintings, the use of synthetic pigments by the
                               impressionist painters has been documented, through the MOLAB portable non-
                               invasive techniques; in the case of AGLAE, a singular study on possible
                               analogies on the nature of violin varnishes and those used by painters in
                               contemporary epoch has given interesting results; in all cases, studies otherwise
                               impossible for the users have been carried out through the available access
                               facilities.


Eligible proposals:            Access has been requested, through 2 different calls for proposals, by 34 user
                               groups from Italy, Romania, Spain, Austria, Norway, Greece, Germany, UK,
                               Portugal, Bulgaria, Netherlands, Turkey, and Belgium.


Selected                       Of the eligible proposals, 20 were selected and many of them have already
proposals:                     exploited the access opportunity. Only in few cases, users have obtained access
                               two times, most users (18) being new users.




FP6 Research Infrastructures                                    101                      Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                                                  2nd Annual Report
                                       A. ACTIVITY REPORT (ANNEXES)




A7 CD-ROM with the deliverables produced during the reporting
period




FP6 Research Infrastructures                       102                Contract RII3-CT-2004-506171
Integrated Infrastructure Initiative                                               2nd Annual Report

								
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