October Quarterly Meeting - Chesterfield Historical Society by wulinqing

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Number 87                                                                                                   October 2008

                IN THIS ISSUE                                October Quarterly Meeting
      CHSV Events                       2                              Sunday, October 26 , 2 pm
      President’s Letter                2                         131 Waterfront Drive, Colonial Heights
      Museum Report                     3
      Cemetery Report                   3              Join us for our fall quarterly meeting at the Old Brick House. The oldest
      Membership Report                 3              brick house in Chesterfield County, and thought by some to be the
      Military History Report           3              oldest in Virginia, is located on the promontory between Swift Creek
      Batteau Report                    4              and the Appomattox River. The house was built in 1685 by Richard
      African-American History Report   4              Kennon. The Comstock family acquired the property in 1909, restored
      Shoppers’ Fair                    5              the old house and made it their home for almost half a century. It is
      Donors                            5              currently owned by the Conjuror’s Neck Homeowners Association. The
      Bus Tour                          5              house affords views of the river and there is a family graveyard with the
                                                       County’s oldest gravestone. The speakers for the Quarterly Meeting are
      Nelson Lankford                   6
                                                       Chris Stevenson, archeologist with the Virginia Department of Historic
      Historic Trees                    6 -7
                                                       Resources who will speak on "The Archeology of The Old Brick
      Veterans Old Soldiers Home        8-9
                                                       House", and JoAnn Jones, a local historian who will speak on "The
      Elliot Gray’s                     10-14          Kennon Family." Directions: take Conduit Rd. north from Temple Ave.
      Author Event                      15             until it turns into Dunston Point Parkway. Turn right onto Waterfront
      Membership Form                   16             Drive.

                                                    Mission Statement
     The Chesterfield Historical Society of Virginia serves as the center for Chesterfield County history. Its purposes are
                           to collect, preserve, interpret and promote the county’s unique past for
                                        the education of present and future generations

CHSV Messenger #87 Oct 2008                                                                                    1
  CHS Events
  October 4, 11-4--Eppington Heritage Day
                                                                                      Chesterfield Historical Society of
  October 6, 1-6 --CHS Golf Classic at the Highlands                                              Virginia
  October 11, noon—Celebrate Chesterfield program, Chesterfield                                 Historic Castlewood
  Community Band, Magnolia Grange                                                       10201 Iron Bridge Road, P.O. Box 40,
  October 18, 9:30-4—Revisit Our History, Book and Author event, John                         Chesterfield, VA 23832
  Tyler Community College                                                                   www.chesterfieldhistory.com
  October 18, 11 and noon—Celebrate Chesterfield lecture, “Historic Tour of                   ChesterfiedHS@aol.com
  Midlothian Mines” at Midlothian Mines Park
  October 25, 6-7 pm--Celebrate Chesterfield program, “Ghost Stories and
  Lantern Tour” at Magnolia Grange
  October 26, 2 pm—CHSV Quarterly Meeting, the Brick House at Conjurer’s
  Neck. Speaker Chris Stevenson with the VA Dept. of Historic Resources
  November 6-8—CHS table at Museums of Richmond Annual Shoppers’
  Fair, Library of Virginia
  November 11, 2 pm—CHS Veterans Day Ceremony, 1917 Courthouse                        Officers
  Green at the War Memorial Wall                                                      President – Dr. Peter Lipowicz
  November 15, 11 am—Celebrate Chesterfield Lecture, “Chesterfield                    1st Vice-President – Dr. Jean von Schilling
  Courthouse: Snapshots of our Past,” Museum                                          2nd Vice-President – Liess van der Linden-Brusse
  December 6, 1-4 pm—CHS Christmas Open House at Magnolia Grange.                     Recording Secretary – Ruth Snead
  Admission free.                                                                     Corresponding Secretary – Phyllis Bass
                                                                                      Treasurer — Jim Evans
  December 10, 2 pm—CHS Annual Christmas Tea at Magnolia Grange.
  Reservations required; $25.00/person.                                               Directors
                                                                                      Brenda Briggs Sam Tarry Mike Poarch
                                                                                      Emily Rusk Mason Chalkley Mike Thomas
From the President –                                                                  Gail Feind Don Wells Jim Alberston

                                                                                      Past President – Angie Wilderman
The Cameron Foundation has approved our grant application for $2376 to staff
Magnolia Grange on Saturdays and has provided us with a check for that                Committee Chairs
                                                                                      Cemetery – Rachel Lipowicz (804)-739-7225
amount. Thank you to Mason Chalkley for writing such a good grant
                                                                                      Finance – Jim Evans
application! Rachel and I had an opportunity to preserve history by going to          Library – Liess van der Linden-Brusse
Circuit Court. Rachel testified as an expert on local cemeteries in the case of       Membership –– Liess van der Linden-Brusse
Dogwood Partners vs. Woodfin et als. Her testimony helped preserve the                Military History – Scott Williams
Lester cemetery – which has been well cared for and is still in use. I also went      Hospitality – Phyllis Bass
to the Planning Commission meeting to voice the Society’s support for the             Genealogy – Angie Wilderman
Hughes family proposal for Beach Station. Other Society members also spoke            Events - Liess van der Linden-Brusse
in support, but the proposal did not prevail.                                         Museum - Dr. Jean von Schilling
                                                                                      Bermuda Hundred – Sam Tarry & Ruth Snead
                                                                                      African-American – Brenda Briggs
I am pleased to say that the Museum Committee is off to a good start. Their
                                                                                      Archaeology – Bryan Truzzie
first quarterly report is in this issue. Items from our collection will be on         Fundraising – Mason Chalkley
display at Eppington Day – thanks to Buddy Cranford, Bryan Truzzie, and               Batteau – Will Turnage
Jean. We have two important events coming up: the golf tournament on
October 6th and our Author and Speaker event with John Tyler Community                County Staff
College on October 18th. We thank Modern Woodmen of America, through                  Diane Dallmeyer – Administrative Assistant
their Midlothian office headed by Robert French Jr., for pledging up to $2500         Tamara Evans - Gift Shop Manager
matching gift for the golf tournament. The Author event is free to the public.        Pat Roble - Museum
So much work has gone into both these great events, it would be a shame to            Holly Rush – Historic Sites Manager
                                                                                      Bryan Truzzie – Historic Sites Specialist
miss either one. Read more about the Author Event on page 15.
                                                                                      Hours of Operation
I just learned that the 1917 Courthouse is closed until further notice for repairs.   Castlewood 10-4 M-F
That means that our upcoming Winter Lecture Series will be held in a different        Magnolia Grange 10-4 Tu-F & 10-2 Sat
place. We are not sure where, yet – but we will let you know.                         Museum 10-4 Tu-F & 10-2 Sat

Finally, I want to tell you about the return of two popular membership                Phone Numbers
categories – Individual Life Membership and Sustaining Membership.                    Castlewood (804) 777-9663
Whatever your membership level – don’t forget to renew. The form is on the            Magnolia Grange & Gift Shop (804) 796-1479
                                                                                      Museum – 768-7311
back of this issue.
                                                                                      Messenger Editor
From the Messenger editor – please e-mail by December 10 any submissions              Peter Lipowicz
you would like to see in The Messenger to lipowicz1@verizon.net.

CHSV Messenger #87 Oct 2008                                                                                           2
       Cemetery Committee 3rd Quarter Report                           Military History Committee 3rd Quarter Report
                        Rachel Lipowicz                                                            Scott Williams

We continue our research and documentation of cemeteries in         The committee is still working on the Bermuda Hundred Tour
Chesterfield County. Terry and Rachel have spent several hours      Book. The text and graphics are completed and need to be
in Matoaca GPS-ing cemeteries along River Road. Peter has also      reviewed and edited for accuracy. This being a part time volunteer
helped out in this endeavor and we hope to soon pinpoint as many    effort, it has taken some time to revise the text and create the
as possible. In July, new committee helper Heather Weidner          maps and graphics. We are near the end of that process however,
spent several hours at the Virginia Dept of Historical Resources    and are ready to have our work go through the formal edit
helping Rachel to co-ordinate their cemetery file numbers to ours.  process. Our next step is to contact a National Park Service
This project still needs a little more work but is mostly complete. representative or a local Civil War historian to review the content
We continue to abstract death certificates from Richmond City.      before sending the book to the graphics person for layout. We
                                                                    have also received a donation of $750 for the tour book. This
This quarter we had a hand in the preservation of two of western brings our total of donations so far to $2,850. Another $2,000 is
Chesterfield’s oldest cemeteries. The Lester family was notified pledged to the project.
that the current landowner wished to remove their family
cemetery to another portion of the property. The case went to Committee members Ruth Snead and Scott Williams have joined
court and Rachel testified as to the historical significance of the the Sesquicentennial Committee for Chesterfield County. The
site. Ultimately, the Lester family prevailed and the cemetery will Committee held its first meeting last month. The next meeting
stay put. In addition, we, along with a descendant, are working will be the last week of September or the first week of October. In
with a landowner to ensure that an old cemetery, also in western our first meeting we discussed some possible additions to the
Chesterfield, will be preserved and reserved to the family. This State web site pertaining to Chesterfield County. We also had a
should be finalized by the time The Messenger is printed.           preliminary discussion on potential events and areas of study that
                                                                    the committee should focus on.
Five committee members and three committee helpers gave a total
of 550 hours during the third quarter.                              The Sesquicentennial appears to be the opportunity we have been
                                                                    looking for to get more attention and funding for our Civil War
                                                                    Parks. An assessment of the parks, their current condition, and
     Membership Committee 3rd Quarter Report                        their needs was given to the Heritage Alliance Group on
                          Rachel Lipowicz                           September 4. The County will use this information to prepare a
                                                                    recommendation to present to the Board of Supervisors.
Membership stands at 582 members. We welcome the following Hopefully this will lead to some much needed improvements in
eight new members this past quarter: Ms. Patricia A. Barron; Mr. our parks such as parking lots and interpretive signs. Our future
John W. Britton; Mrs. Joan Jackson; Mr. Charles R. Mason; Ms plans are to continue with the production of the tour book, and
Charlotte J. Moon; Mr. & Mrs. Kenneth Murd (Cheryl) and work with the Chesterfield Sesquicentennial Committee.
daughter, Kendra. The CHS Board of Directors has re-instated
two levels of membership. These are Individual Life Membership                    Museum Committee 3rd Quarter Report
and Sustaining Membership. Both of these levels will be effective                                 Jean von Schilling
beginning in January 2009. Any member wishing to change to
one of these levels may do so at any time with the payment of the
appropriate dues.                                                   The Museum Committee was formed in May and met for the first
                                                                    time on June 17th at Castlewood. Members include George
Individual Life Membership: This level is a one-time dues (“Buddy”) Cranford, John Gallacher, George Reynolds, Sam Tarry,
payment of $250. The membership applies to one person only. and Jean von Schilling. The Committee will work closely with
There are no other dues during that member’s lifetime.              Holly Rush, Historic Sites; Bryan Truzzie, History Specialist; and
                                                                    Pat Roble, Museum Docent, to oversee, catalogue, and preserve the
Sustaining Membership: This level is a yearly dues payment of Society’s collection. Dan Weiskotten’s former office at Castlewood
$100. The member may select whether the membership applies will serve as the Committee’s work site.
only to himself or to others in his household. Persons outside the
household are not included. This level includes a donation to the Most of the collection was housed in a storefront at Cloverleaf
general fund to support the work of CHS.                           Mall until this summer, when it became necessary to move
                                                                   everything to other facilities. Several Committee members met
CHS membership dues for 2009 may be remitted using the form        there to identify and determine which items would require
on the back of The Messenger, or you may wait until receiving a    climate-controlled storage and which could be placed under
dues notice in January.                                            regular conditions. Earlier in the spring, the Society had rented a
                                                                   climate-controlled unit and a regular unit at Bermuda Storage, and
                                                                   much of the collection is now there; some items are stored in an
                                                                   area provided by the County. Some articles, including unneeded
                                                                   display cases, were donated to Historic Buckingham.

CHSV Messenger #87 Oct 2008                                                                                         3
George Cranford is loading collection data into a computer using     festival are online at www.batteau.net. Batteau Committee
PastPerfect software. At his suggestion, a scanner was purchased     members will attend the fall planning meeting for next year’s
so that items can be barcoded and entered. This work is vital to     festival in November. For more information on the Batteau
the Committee’s mission. Once the new office computer has been       Committee, contact Turnage at h2omanwill@aol.com.
installed, the old one will be moved to the work site, which will
be much more convenient for George; he is currently stuffed into             African-American History Committee
the Library.                                                                               Brenda Friend Briggs

Concern has been raised regarding the “bareness” of the present      The African-American Historical Research Committee, chaired by
Museum exhibit. Holly Rush has addressed this concern, and the       Brenda Briggs, announces the publication of the 100th birthday
Committee will work with her on plans for futures exhibits. The      commemorative Carver High Directory. The Society will receive
general consensus is that more items from the collection should be   a copy of this Directory for our library.
on display.
                                                                     In late August, Thelma Bland Wyatt, former student and teacher
There is a great deal that the Committee must do regarding           at Carver, held a book signing at Ft. Lee for her book on the life
policies for accepting items for the collection, setting up the      and work of W. A. Brown, the only Principal of Carver. The
worksite, etc., but work is underway. Society members who            event was so successful that the committee plans to offer it again
would like to serve on the Committee will be most welcome.           during Black History month next February.

          Batteau Committee 3rd Quarter Report                     CHSV is proud to announce an honor being given to Brenda
                           Pam Wiley                               Briggs, who will be given a Martha Mason Hill Foundation
                                                                   award on September 27th at Matoaca High School. Brenda is
As of early September, members of the Batteau Committee had one of two recipients of this award.
nearly completed work begun in mid-spring on a new boat.
                                                                   The committee is working on a project called Fourscore and
The committee’s original intent was to have the batteau ready for More, which will feature interviews of persons over 80 years of
use in the 23rd annual James River Batteau Festival, held in mid- age. So far, they have a list of six people they want to interview.
June. “Getting the batteau ready in time for the festival would
                                                 have      meant The committee is interested in documenting the history of the
                                                 rushing      the Pleasant View School, on the perimeter of the grounds at
                                                 work, and that Eppington. The county owns the school and land and the
                                                 would have set committee will determine the status of the county’s plans and how
                                                 us     up     for they can be involved. The committee desires to coordinate their
                                                 mistakes       or activities for Black History month with those planned by the
                                                  compromises,” county.
                                                 said committee
                                                 chair and co- An association of African-American women called CHUMS
                                                 captain     Will specializes in community services concerning children. They will
                                                 Turnage. “We be meeting in Chesterfield this fall and will drive through
                                                 knew what we Chesterfield on their way to activities at VSU. Brenda will serve
                                                 wanted         to as tour guide during this bus trip through the county and the CHS
                                                 build,       and will provide handouts for participants that highlight the features
                                                 while everyone that make Chesterfield unique.
                                                 wanted to be
                                                 on the river
                                                 this summer,
                                                 we decided to         Reservations: what we most like to make
                                                 go ahead and
take the time needed to do the job well.”
                                                                       for dinner! Also recommended for several
                                                                        upcoming popular CHS events, including the
Work during the second half of the summer was hindered                  Christmas Tea, the Lecture Series, the Book
somewhat by near-100-degree daytime temperatures. Shortly after         and Author symposium on October 18. Not
Labor Day, however, committee members had assembled a                   sure? Best to call the office and make sure
completely new set of ribs and planked the batteau bottom and
sides, recycling some of the oak from the previous batteau. Plans
                                                                        there’s space!
were being made to turn the upside-down craft over for finishing.
“We’re looking forward to getting back on the James in 2009,”
Turnage said.

The batteau festival starts in Lynchburg and traces the route of
18th-century whitewater cargo vessels. Photos from this year’s

CHSV Messenger #87 Oct 2008                                                                                         4
                    Thank You Donors!!                             Military Service Records at the National Archives & Records
                                                                   Administration, by Trevor Plante, donated by CHS volunteer Ley
We thank the students from Chesterfield Technical Center’s Diller.
Greenhouse Management Program, and their teacher, Terry
Lautzenheiser, for a donation of plants that helped to enhance the “Who was the Class of ’68?” at Meadowbrook High School, by
gardens at Magnolia Grange and Castlewood this Gwen B. Sichol, donated by CHS volunteer Gwen Coalter.
                                                                   Photos, diaries, newspaper clippings and scrapbooks on the
                                                                   MANN and the GILL families, donated by William (Bill) Wilds of
                                                                   Newport News, VA.

                                                                       Women of Mark, a History of the Women’s Club of Richmond,
                                                                       Virginia, 1894-1994, by Sandra Gioia Treadway, donated by CHS
                                                                       volunteer Ann Shelton.

                                                                       Cash Donations:
                                                                       Phyllis Hancock, in memory of Percy Hancock
                                                                       John & Marily Railey
                                                                       Anne Smith, in memory of Lucille Moseley
                                                                       Kim Nead
                                                                       Verizon Volunteers-Eric Chandler
                                                                       Robert Forman

                                                                         One Stop Shopping for Holiday Gifts When you
                                                                          Volunteer at the Museum Stores of Richmond
                                                                            2008 Shopper’s Fair November 6, 7 & 8
Volunteer Hours: Our Society volunteers have donated 2422.5
hours of their time over the months of May through August.                             Library of Virginia

Library Donations ands Acquisitions: Books, research notes,            Together with 17 other local museum stores, our Magnolia
old photos, maps, newspaper clippings, diaries, yearbooks,             Grange Gift Shop will display and sell a selection of our most
brochures and other printed/digitized items…. If they pertain to       popular Holiday gift items during the “2008 Shopper’s Fair” to
Chesterfield County, the Society’s Library would be delighted to       be held at the Library of Virginia from Thursday, November 6
accept them! Recently, we have added the following items to our        thru Saturday, November 8th. This is an absolutely unique
collection:                                                            opportunity to do your Holiday Gift Buying from Richmond
                                                                       Museum gift shops all under one roof ! No need to drive from
                                                                       one museum to the next!
Copy of the Map of Drewry’s Bluff in Chesterfield County, dated July
12, 1877, by J. E. LaPrade, donated by CHS volunteer Jerry Rudd.
                                                           Our Gift Shop Manager Tamara Evans needs volunteers to help
                                                           anytime between 10 a.m. and 5 p.m. on Friday, November 7th and
Poingdestre-Poindexter, A Norman Family Through The Ages
                                                           Saturday, November 8th. If you can give just a few hours of your
1250-1977, by John Poindexter Landers & Robert Downs
                                                           time, please call Tamara at (804) 796-1479. Thank you!
Poindexter, donated by Bill Poindexter of Chula Vista, CA.

The 1952, 1953 & 1955 “Memoir” Yearbooks of Manchester
High School, donated by CHS volunteer Jerry Rudd.
                                                                            Spring 2009 Bus Tour Planned! Mark Your
150th Homecoming Anniversary of the Members and Friends of On Saturday, May 2 next year, we plan to arrange a Bus Tour
Wesley Chapel United Methodist Church on River Road, donated through historic Surry County! Our stops will include “Cedar
by Therese Wagenknecht of Petersburg, VA.                    Ridge” on Route 601, the only early 18th century home remaining
                                                             in Surry County which has been beautifully restored by Society
The Confederate Negro, Virginia’s Craftsmen & Military members Don and Linda Wells; a buffet lunch stop will be made
Laborers, 1861-1865, by James Brewer (Purchased).            at the Surry House to be followed by a private tour of the Surry
                                                             Historical Society; then a stop at the unique Miles B. Carpenter
Fort Lee, Virginia (Images of America), by Tim O’Gorman & Museum Complex in Waverly; and, finally, a tour through nearby
Steve Anders (Purchased).                                    “Chester” (c. 1773), a well-preserved Southside colonial
Petersburg, Virginia, (Images of America), by Suzanne Durham
(Purchased).                                                 Please mark your calendars! The all day tour is expected to cost
                                                             $35/person (lunch included). Reservations and pre-payment will
                                                             be required, so please call the Society office at Castlewood --

CHSV Messenger #87 Oct 2008                                                                                          5
     An Interview with Author Nelson Lankford                        Trees - Chesterfield’s Oldest Living Treasures
                        By Jim Alberston                                                        by Pat Roble

Nelson Lankford will be speaking at our Author and Speaker           In these times of increasing ecological awareness, trees are
Symposium on Saturday October 18, 2008 at the Chester campus         appreciated for what they contribute to our lives: providing shade,
of John Tyler Community College. See the full page description       preventing erosion, improving water quality, providing food and
on page 15.                                                          shelter for wildlife, and keeping our air supply fresh by absorbing
                                                                     carbon dioxide and producing oxygen. This summer I gained a
Nelson Lankford recently had the chance to describe his latest new appreciation for trees in my search for Chesterfield’s oldest
book Cry Havoc! The Crooked Road to Civil War 1861. For the
last twenty four years he has been the editor of the quarterly
journal the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography at the
Virginia Historical Society. Mr. Lankford a native from Hampton
Virginia graduated from the University of Richmond in 1970 and
then earned his MBA and PhD from Indiana University in
Bloomington. Mr. Lankford has a wide interest in both British
History and American History and has earned great reviews for
the following books he is associated with: Richmond Burning, Eye
of the Storm, Images from the Storm, The Last American
Aristocrat, An Irishman in Dixie, and OSS Against the Reich. He
is also a member of the Virginia Communications Hall of Fame.
Mr. Lankford describes himself as an avid reader from an early
age and enjoyed reading anything associated with history topics.
That love of reading about history has really been nourished by
his numerous book reviews and editorial comments throughout
his career. His interests in writing books associated with the
American Civil War first started with his book An Irishman in Dixie
several years ago. Once he started to research his popular book specimens in preparation for my Celebrate Chesterfield program
Richmond Burning which corresponds to the last weeks of the Historic Trees of Chesterfield County: Silent Witnesses to Our Past.”
Confederacy in the spring of 1865 he saw another opportunity to I became more aware of the many significant trees in our area, and
examine in some detail a short time period just before the start of their ties to our county’s history. There are several ways in which
major fighting of the American Civil War in April 1861.              notable trees can be classified, including: Heritage Trees, Historic
                                                                     Trees, and Species Significant Trees.
One of the things that seemed to surprise Mr. Lankford while
researching his latest book was the very strong pro-Union feelings Two trees in Chester are fine examples of Heritage Trees, which
in many states of the upper south prior to the major outbreak of have a deep significance to a community. The home of early
fighting by the summer of 1861. In doing his research, Nelson Chester residents Dr. and Mrs. Alvin J. Hurt once stood near the
Lankford came across numerous politicians, military experts and intersection of Harrowgate Road and Old Hundred Road. The old
determined citizens who articulated a wide range of views from red oak and sugar maple trees that still stand on the Hurt home
their own state’s position in the pending crisis of the Civil War. site are significant because of their connection to these civic
Mr. Lankford selected Virginia Governor and General Henry leaders who helped to shape the community. They were
Wise as his most fascinating, interesting and colorful personality instrumental in establishing the first public high school (now
from that time period in the spring of 1861. During his research known as Thomas Dale), and the Chester Baptist Church. Maud
from the inauguration of Lincoln to the summer of 1861, Mr. Hurt, known as the “Mother of Chester” was the high school’s
Lankford’ s research reinforced some of his own personal first principal and librarian, and served as chairwoman of the
thoughts about the crooked road to the Civil War in 1861.            Chester chapters of the American Red Cross and the American
                                                                     Cancer Society. She also helped to establish the Chester Public
Mr. Lankford hopes that the average historian and reader who Library. As Chester’s first doctor, A.J. Hurt covered many miles
enjoys examining our American Civil War will find his efforts in in his horse-drawn buggy to care for the sick, and also served on
this book an insightful attempt to capture crucial points and events Chesterfield’s Board of Supervisors. The red oak, named the
that could have gone in different directions. Nelson Lankford “Chester Village Oak” by the Chester Women’s Club, was
examines several events and the public’s reaction to these events recognized by the National Register of Historic Trees for its
and links them for discussion from the Baltimore Riots, the historic importance to the community. The sugar maple, which is
burning of the Gosport Navy Yard, to the attack on Fort Sumter a beloved local landmark that is appreciated for its beautiful fall
and Lincoln’s call for 75,000 volunteers that could have gone color, was planted by Dr. Hurt in the front yard of his home.
differently. Mr. Lankford also discusses in detail the numerous
failed compromises and the fascinating State Conventions that
dealt with the question of Secession.

CHSV Messenger #87 Oct 2008                                                                                          6
Historic Trees are those that share a significant event or place in
time. The Nunnally White Oak tree stands on the historic
Chesterfield Courthouse Green. It was planted as a sapling in
1814 by Lawson Nunnally, who became Clerk of Chesterfield
Court. Over the years, visitors to court rested in the shade of the
old oak, and tied their horses to it. The tree was witness to many

                                                                        Species Significant Trees are unusual in a geographic area. One
                                                                        such species is the yellow buckeye tree, which is rare in the
                                                                        eastern part of Virginia. An old yellow buckeye stands on land
                                                                        that belonged to the Randolph family from 1660 – 1801, and is
                                                                        now Presquile National Wildlife Refuge.          Another yellow
                                                                        buckeye that was said to have been one of the largest in the state
                                                                        stood in the front yard of Wrexham Hall, at the intersection of Rt.
                                                                        10 and Centralia Rd. When the house was relocated, the property
                                                                        was developed for commercial use, and the tree was cut down.
                                                                        Although they are native trees, American elms are rare because
                                                                        many have been decimated by Dutch elm disease.             An old
                                                                        American elm still stands at 13510 Midlothian Turnpike. These

events that unfolded at the center of county government during
times of war and peace. The oak’s circumference is measured
every 10 years in a formal ceremony, and then entered into court
records. It was last measured in 2001, at 17 feet, 3 inches.
Another example of a Historic Tree is the willow oak located at
1100 Boulders Parkway, in the Boulders Office Complex. This is
the largest of the trees that I measured, having a circumference of
21 feet, and perhaps the oldest, dating back to at least 1787. It was
recognized by the National Arborist Association as having lived at
the time of the signing of the Constitution of the United States.

The Village of Midlothian was home to the first commercial coal
mines in the New World. Many of its old houses, churches, and trees
have a connection to that history. One of the oldest homes in
Midlothian was built by the Wooldridge family, who controlled
several coal mines in the area. The home was once known as “The
Sycamores”, for the venerable old trees that still surround it. Rebuilt
after a 1976 fire, it currently houses Crab Louie’s restaurant in the
Sycamore Square Shopping Center. Old oak trees stand watch over
                                                                        are just a few of Chesterfield County’s remarkable trees. The
Mt. Pisgah Church Cemetery, near the intersection of Old
                                                                        Society’s mission is consistent with documenting and preserving
Buckingham Rd. and Midlothian Turnpike. Several coal miners who
                                                                        these irreplaceable botanical treasures. If you know of an old
were killed in an 1855 mine explosion are buried there.
                                                                        Chesterfield tree that could be added to our database, please call me
                                                                        at the County Museum at 768-7311.

CHSV Messenger #87 Oct 2008                                                                                              7
                                  Veterans Who Were Admitted to the Old Soldiers Home

Patricia Walenista has complied information about Chesterfield County Civil War veterans who once lived at the Old Soldier’s Home.
This list was sent to me by Ruth Snead. It is reproduced here in an abbreviated form. The list with all the information, including
birthplace, residence, and remarks for each veteran is located in our Library. You may contact Ms Walenista at Pwalenista@aol.com,
or write her at: 812 West 30th Street, Richmond, Virginia 23225-3515.

Name Company Regiment                  Medical condition Death Information
Andrews, Irby (Irving J.) Branchs Field Artillery Bronchitis & partial blindness died 4/11/1900 buried Maury Cemetery
Archer, Edward Dudley Drewry Heavy Artillery (Southside Heavy Artillery) Age & fading health
Atkinson, Robert K. 1st Artillery, Dance General debility died 6/11/1887
Ball, Bernard Powhatan Artillery Infirmity
Barnes, John H. A Poague's Batt. Artillery Liver Trouble died 7/26/18 remains taken by relatives
Barnes,William R. F 16th Infantry Asthma died 1/16/1917 buried in Petersburg, Va
Barney, R. M. G 3rd Va. Swollen limbs & Rheumatism
Batcheller, John C. (Batcherlier) A 19 Inf. Injuries received in a runaway accident died 6/24/1926 buried Maury Cemetery
Baugh, Edward Jefferson B 4 Cav Old age & physical disability died 6/11/1916, buried at Bethlehem Church, Chesterfield Co.
Beasley, Charles H. D 1 SA Hoy Art General debility died 6/14/1916 buried Hollywood Cemetery
Beasley, William I 14th Infantry Spinal affliction
Beasley, William Thomas Drewry Heavy Artillery (Southside Heavy Artillery) Physical disability died 5/28/1902 Hollywood Cemetery
Boisseau, James Artillery Co. commanded by Johnson Sands Age & indigence died 9/19/1898 Hollywood Cemetery
Brady, William B. A 1 Mo. Cav. Asthma & debility died 6/10/1910 buried Hollywood Cemetery
Bragg, Alonzo Washington Commissary Clerk 3 miles east of Luneburg CH Old age
Britton, William Penn Capt. S. T. Wright's Batt., Coyt's Batt Right leg, Infirmities of age Died 8/3/1924 buried in Hollywood Cemetery
Brooks, Robert D. I 14th Infantry Liver & Lung disease Died 3/6/1889
Brown, S. K. C 9th Va Feeble Condition Died 10/8/1930
Button, William P. Wright's Batt. Va. Artillery Old Age Died 8/3/1924 buried in Hollywood Cemetery
Chalkey, Lemuel F. (Chalkley) C 9th Infantry Inability & Old age Died 8/1/1911
Chiles, Luther Rice MD In charge of Hospital in Manchester, Asst. Surgeons Protracted sickness died 10/19/1907 remains delivered to his relatives
Clarke, James A. (I. A.) I Manchester Artillery I am nearly 79 years of age indigent and nearly blind and unable to do ant work Died 3/13/1888
Clarke, Leroy F. (Clark) Capt. Eppes Co. Johnson Va. Artillery Weakness, Rheumatism & Veritgo & because he can't work
Cole, Gilmer D Tuberculosis Disease Died 12/4/1902 buried Hollywood Cemetery
Cottrell, Richard I 6th Va. Infantry Defective vision & Hernia
Cox, George G. ( C. ) A 22 Battn. Inf. Old Age & General debility Died 11/19/1902 buried Maury Cemetery
Cox, Henry Harrison (W.) C 41 Infantry Infirmities of age Died 5/1/1923 buried Hollywood Cemetery
Dickerson, Nathaniel G. D 14 Infantry Disabled by diseases Died 4/18/1893 buried Holly Cemetery
Dunaway, Robert E. (W.) Parker's Va. Artillery Old Age Died 4/12/1920 remains shipped to Michigan
Eanes, Nelson K 5 Cav. physical disability Died 9/25/1894
Elam, Richard James K 6th Va. Infantry Partial Blindness Died 5/8/1924 buried Hollywood Cemetery
Ellis, Leonidus R. C 9th Infantry Bad health, old age
Ellis, Thomas J. A 3rd Va Infantry Old age & infirmity Died 4/8/1894 buried Chesterfield Co.
Eubank, Joseph I 59th Infantry Infirmity, Died 5/25/10 buried Hollywood Cemetery
Fergusson, John Thomas Smith's Battn Art, Drewry The infirmity of old age Died 3/11/1909 buried Chesterfield County by family
Fisher, Thomas H. B 4th Cav. Rheumatism & old age Flournoy, Clarence Parker's Batt Illness Died 3/24/1902 buried Hollywood Cemetery
Flourney, James Francis Otey Batt, Art. Being unable to work on accord of my age Died 1/5/1834 remains taken by relatives
Flournoy, Samuel K 6th Va. Infantry Rupture & contractions of sinews
Ford, John J Powhatan Artillery Old age Died 1/3/1929 buried Hollywood Cemetery
Forloine, Robert Jordon E 15th Inf. My wounds & loss of leg
French, Robert M C 23 Inf. Infirmities of age Died 3/23/1939 buried Maury Cemetery
Gales, John W. E 10th Cav. Infirmities of age Died 1/11/1916 buried Petersburg
Garber, William H. I 6th Cav/ Infantry Old age Died 9/8/1917
Gates, John W. E 10th Cav. Infirmities of age Died 1/11/1916 buried Petersburg
Gide, John S. D 59th Infantry Old Age & General debility
Gill, John L. (S) D 59th Infantry Nichols Art. Old Age & general debility Died 10/31/1896 buried in Petersburg
Gill, Melville C Drewry Co Southside Heavy Art Infirmities Died 4/8/1925 buried Hollywood Cemetery
Gilmer, Cole D 25 Batt Inf Consumption
Goode, William Patrick B 57th Inf. Old age disability Died 5/10 1937 Hollywood Cemetery
Hancock, George C. C 9th Infantry Inability to work & feebleness Died 3/8/1905 buried Hollywood Cemetery
Hancock, Robert Ira "J" I 6th Va. Infantry Bodily infirmity & general weakness
Harris, George Franklin D 30 Inf Rheumatism Died 6/12/1913 while on furlough at home in Manchester
Henry, E. J. I 6th Va. Infantry Old age & infirmity Died 7/9/1899 buried in Hollywood Cemetery

CHSV Messenger #87 Oct 2008                                                                                                   8
Huddleston, John T. K 12th Inf. Wounds & age Died 6/30/1911 committed Suicide buried Hollywood Cemetery
Jackson, Ashton J. C 9th Infantry Old age Died 2/3/1893 buried Chesterfield Co.
Johnson, John Cave D/H 12 Inf. Kidney trouble Died 7/28/1905 buried in Petersburg
Johnson, Robert J 14 Infantry Infirmity Died 1/14/1891 buried in Chesterfield Co.
Jones, Henry Powhatan Art., Dance's Battt. Richmond Howitzers Failure of health & inability to provide means of subsistence Died 8/23/1893
Knight, Robert D. 1 Richmond Howitzers Cancer             Lum, Albert A. C. 41 Infantry Old age & infirmities
Madison, James Franklin (Maddison) Southall's Batt, Poague's Bttn Light Art Old Age, loss of use of his right hand & wounds Died 1/2/1921
Manders, James M. 3 Howitzers General debility Died 2/19/1919 buried at Mt. Calvary Cemetery by friends
Manders, Richard E. B 4th Cav. General debility Died 9/25/1903 buried Mt Calvary Cemetery
Manders, Thomas V. B 4/17 Cav Hernia & bladder disease Died 6/9/1929 buried by relatives
Mann, John W. Drewry's Co Heavy Art. Old age & double rupture Died 9/18/1926 Hollywood
Marable, Champion K 17 Inf Attacks of paralysis
Markham, Edwin Lysander E 4th Cav. Old age & infirmities Died 7/14/1920 remains taken by relatives
Marks, Alexander I 6th Inf. Age & inability to ? & fatigue Died 7/18/1905 buried Hollywood Cemetery
McClaron, James (McLaron, McLaren) E 56 Inf. Loss of sight and ataxia Died 8/29/1923 buried Maury Cemetery
McLellan, Robert D. (McLilland) A 22 Battn. His being paralyzed Died 3/3/1888 buried Hollywood
Moxley, John Thomas C 1st Reserves Age & affection of the heart Died 11/27/1930 buried Hollywood Cemetery
Myers, Joseph B 4th Cav. Infirmity of age & without means of support Died 4/23/1911 remains delivered to Son
Nunnally, Samuel Edward C 53rd Inf. Old age & decrepitude Died 12/28/1913 buried in Manchester
Patram, E. F. I 14th Infantry Wounds received at Gettysburg, Malvern Hill, Drewry's Bluff & Five Forks Died 12/25/1899
Perdue, Alexander E. A 22 Battn Inf Lung trouble, hemmorage, bladder disease Died 4/12/1913 buried Maury Cemetery
Perdue, Andrew J. Richmond Fayette Art. Crippled by fall from horse Died 6/13/1901 buried Mt Calvary Cemetery
Perdue, Joseph H. I 6th Inf. Chronic disease & increasing bodily weakness Died 2/11/1903 buried Maury Cemetery
Purdue, Samuel R. D 1st Inf. Paralysis Died 5/9/1894 buried Oakwood/Hollywood
Perros, Eben R. (Perrow) I 5/15 Cav. General disability, kidney trouble & failing eyesight Died 9/6/1923 buried Hollywood Cemetery
Pinchback, Edward F. G 15th Inf. Bodily infirmity & old age
Pinchback, Thomas W. B 1st Inf. Old Age & General debility Died 1/1/1898 buried Amelia Co.
Porter, Samuel D. D 20 Inf. Having nearly entirely lost sight of vision
Pulliam, Z. Winston D 44 Vol. The loss of the use of left hip from sciatica
Purdie, John T. D 41 Infantry Enfeebled, disable to work Died 1/17/1902 buried Hollywood Cemetery
Puryear, William I 6th Inf. General disability Died 2/15/1921
Ransome C. D. E 18 Inf. Old age & ill health Died 1/13/1929 buried Hollywood Cemetery
Reid, James B 4 Cav. My lameness in left ankle sprained during the war & now have asthma
Richeson, Madison A/F 5 Cav. His disability          Robinson, W.P. Ringgold Batt Art. Age & debility
Rowlett, John F. D 14th Inf. General disability Died 2/20/1907
Rudd, Samuel W. K 6th Inf. Old age & bad health Died 2/19/1928 Buried by family
Ruffin, Jefferson R. Crenshaw & Rockbridge Art Indigence Died 12/9/19007 remains delivered to brother Buried in Monticello
Saunders, Raleigh White A 8th Va. Old age & feebleness Died 6/29/1913 Buried in Manchester
Savage, Severn J. B 19th Battn Va Art Pension not being sufficient to support Died 5/20/1912 remains delivered to relative
Scarborough, J. C. Manchester Artillery age & bad sight Died 10/12/1901 Buried in Hollywood
Seay, Steven F. G 5th Cav. Old age Died 5/31/1925 Buried Hollywood
Selbe, Sherrod D 18th Inf. Loss of leg Died 2/7/1889 Buried in Hollywood
Short, Robert Anderson A 12th Art. Sturdevant Batt. Rheumatism Died 5/7/1901 Buried 5/7/1909 Hollywood
Simpson, James Harvey 1 Richmond Howitzers Old age & bad health
Slater, John Woolfolk's Batt. Total breakdown of constitution Died 3/13/1913 Buried Hollywood
Smith, John Thomas K 12 Inf. Kidney & bladder troubles
Smith, William H. D 41 Infantry old age & physical disability Died 6/17/1903 Buried in Hollywood
Snelling, William Purcell Art. Old age Died 5/18/1916 Buried Hollywood
Stratton, D. W. B 4th Cav. Wound in War (shot & Disable in Hanover Co.) Died 8/21/1895
Tibbs, Tarleton B. I 6th Infirmities of age & paralysis Died 5/18/1914 Buried in Hollywood
Trainer, J. H. E 59th Inf. Ill health & Infirmity Died 12/12/1998 Buried Mt. Calvary Cemetery
Traylor, Henry A. H 44th Inf General debility
Turpin, John A. E 4th Cav. My age & also result of broken hip Died 9/15/1926 remains taken by relatives to Midlothian
Walker, T. J. (Walken) D 2 Battn Md Cav Rheumatism           Waugh, Andrew A. I 6th Inf. Broken down & unable to support myself
Waymark, John T. (Waymack) K 5th Cav. Piles & blindness Died 12/8/1907 remains delivered to family in Chesterfield County
Wicks, Samuel C 70 Battn Heavy Art. Being disabled in his back
Wilkinson, J. H. D 14th General disability produced by fistula Died 4/29/1890 Buried in Hollywood
Williams, Grandison B. C 9th Infantry An invalid, rheumatism & other disease Died 12/3/1911 Remains taken by relatives
Wilson, Daniel A 22 Inf Old age & natural infirmity Died 7/25/1922 Buried in Hollywood Cemetery
Woodfin, Albert M. Drewry's Co, Smith Battn Art Disability & injured in railroad wreck Died 3/25/1913 Remains taken to Powhatan County
Wooldridge, Daniel Spencer Parker's Batt., Huger's Art General debility Died 4/6/1924 Remains taken by relatives

CHSV Messenger #87 Oct 2008                                                                                           9
Elliott Grays, Co. I, 6th Virginia Infantry, Mahone’s Brigade,    Third Lieutenant                    John S. Whitworth
         A.P. Hill Corps C.S.A. by Ruth D. Snead                  First Sergeant                      William Walsh
        Elliott Grays Chapter #1877 U.D.C. (Part One)             Second Sergeant                     Emmett J. Mann
                                                                  Third Sergeant                      James M. Roper
On April 17, 1861, Judge Edwin P Cox, Marmaduke Johnson, and      Forth Sergeant                      William F. Bass
Thomas Branch, Chesterfield County Delegates to the Virginia      Fifth Sergeant                      Alexander Fitzgerald
State Convention voted with the majority of 103 to 43 to leave theFirst Corporal                      Andrew A. Waugh
Union. President Abraham Lincoln had issued a call for 75, 000    Second Corporal                     William G. Anderson
volunteers to invade the Southern States, in effect asking        Third Corporal                      George B. Bass
Virginians to take up arms against their sister states. When the  Fourth Corporal                     George W. Tolby
State of Virginia called on her sons to rally against the invasion to
                                                                  Orderly                             Wash, William
defend their families, homes and properties the citizen soldiers of
Chesterfield County responded.                                        On May 10, 1861, the Company attended church services at the
                                                                      Old 9th Street (now Central) Methodist Church, the Rev. Thomas
Elliott Grays, Co. I was mustered into service on May 9, 1861 at H. Haynes was the pastor. Afterwards in formation on Market
Manchester with 96 men mostly from Chesterfield County, Square, 9th and Hull Street, the Elliott Grays received the
Virginia. They were the first volunteer military unit to enlist from Company’s flag, made by Mrs. Frederick Redford and her
Old Manchester and were initially known as the Rocky Ridge daughter Maggie. The Company was called to order and marched
Rifles. Manchester was originally named Rocky Ridge. The off to the Petersburg train station. They were given a rousing
Rocky Ridge Rifles drilled in 1857 in the large rear room of Mr. send off as Alexander Baxter, fifer and Charles Mosby, drummer
Butler’s Store which was in the northwest corner of 9th and Hull boy played the tune, The Girl I left behind. Charles Mosby was
Street, now a part of South Richmond.                                 one of the Confederacy’s youngest soldiers, a mere lad of 13
                                                                      years and 5 months on his enlistment. He was discharged April
Reorganizing in March 1861 the Company renamed itself Elliott 30, 1862. After arriving at Petersburg, Virginia, the unit traveled
Grays on April 6, 1861 in honor of the officer who mustered the via train to Fort Nelson, Norfolk Naval Hospital Battery.
Elliott Grays into service. Wyatt Mosely Elliott (1823-1897).
Elliott, a native of Campbell County, Virginia, was an 1839
graduate of Virginia Military Institute and editor of the Richmond
Whig newspaper. When the War Between the States began, Elliott
was commissioned 1st Lieutenant in the Confederate States Army
and given command of the 15th Virginia Battalion, Mahone's
Brigade, A.P. Hill's Corps. Wyatt Mosley Elliott is buried at
Variety Shade, a family cemetery in Buckingham County,
Virginia. The Elliott Grays drilled in the ballroom of the
Manchester home of Mrs. Jane Wyatt Donley, grandmother of
Private George Coleman Anderson, Elliott Grays. The Old
Farmers Tavern at 1116 Hull Street had been purchased in 1855
by Mrs. Donley and converted to a residence.

The Sixth Virginia Regiment was comprised of the following
Company A, of Norfolk City
Company B, of Princess Anne
Company C, Norfolk City
Company D, Norfolk City
Company E, Portsmouth
Company F, Princess Anne
Company G, Norfolk City
Company I, Manchester
Company K, Chesterfield

The officers of the Regiment were Colonel William Mahone –
promoted to Brigadier General 11/16/1861, Lt. Colonel Thomas Donation of Elliott Grays, Co. I, 6th Va. Infantry Flag Fragment -
J. Corprew, and Major William T. Lundrey                     April 3, 2004 by Edward R. Perry II to Chesterfield Historical
                                                             Society of Virginia (pictured L-R are ) Stephen Thornton,
 Muster Roster of Elliott Grays Officers                     Chesterfield Confederate Heritage Foundation, Edward R. Perry
                                                             II and Daniel H. Weiskotten, Chesterfield Historical society of
Captain                           Louis Francis Bossieux     Va.
First Lieutenant                  Henry Fitzgerald
Second Lieutenant                 Walter C. Day

CHSV Messenger #87 Oct 2008                                                                                      10
The Elliott Grays remained stationed at Fort Nelson until May 10,     On the June 21, 1862, General William Mahone received a report
1862, when General Benjamin Huger received orders to evacuate         that a regiment of Federals were advancing up the Charles City
Norfolk. The unit was witness to the great two day naval battle of    Road toward Confederate lines. Mahone ordered out the 6th
the CSS Virginia and Monitor from their post at Fort Nelson.          Virginia and the 41st Regiment out in hopes of surrounding the
                                                                      Federals. Two small roads ran parallel to the Charles City Road,
Upon returning to Richmond, the Elliott Grays were sent to            the 41st Regiment took the right road and the 6th under the
Drewry’s Bluff, a Confederate Fort which stood 90 feet above the      command of Colonel Rogers, took the left. The idea being that the
south bank of the James River. Frantic steps had been taken to        two units would encounter the enemy and they would close up the
strengthen the position. A naval force was sent in to construct an    rear and capture them. As the 6th passed through the outer
additional battery, counter sunk on the brow of the bluffs in pits    Confederate picket line, the Elliott Grays were mistaken as
with wooden floors and with log bomb proofs overhead. Log             Federals because at that time the men were uniformed in light
cribbing was used to prevent the gun pits from caving in. Within      blue pantaloons and blue coats. They were fired on and Henry A.
five days, Chesterfield farmers and land owners had hauled in iron    Jordon was wounded. Proceeding about 2 miles down the road a
rubble, trees, and refuse and had blocked the James River around      single musket shot was fired from the rear wounding 3 men in the
Drewry’s Bluff. The old steamers James Curtis Peck and the            detachment. A halt was made and the men were ordered into the
Northampton were sunk in the main channel. On May 15, 1862            woods and to lie down. After waiting a few minutes for the
the Federal fleet, which consisted of the ironclads Monitor,          enemy, the line was again formed and the march resumed. As
Galena, Naugatuck, and the gunboats Port Royal, and Aroostook         dusk approached men noticed a battalion following about 100
which had previously ran the gauntlet of the Confederate batteries    yards behind them. A hail of bullet exchange filled the air.
at Lower Brandon, steamed up the James River to test the              Some of the men looking to the rear after hearing Major Taylor’s
Confederate defenses. The Elliott Grays had been sent to              voice ordering “fix bayonets” realized it was the 2nd Battalion
Drewry’s Bluff as sharpshooters. The unit was positioned with         which had been ordered out after the 1st Battalion had left camp
Company G, along the Bluff below the fort. Every man on the           that was firing on them from behind. The Regiments united and
Federal vessels that was exposed became a mark for their fire.        passed the point of the reported enemy sighting and none seen,
They raked the decks of the Federal vessels and drove the crews       returned to Camp. In this unfortunate “friendly fire” incident 28
to shelter. The windows in Manchester, Richmond, and distant          men in the detachment were killed or wounded.
Chesterfield homes rattled from the blasts of the belching guns
and exploding shells. Two hundred eighty three were fired from        The Battle of Malvern Hill on July 1, 1862 was the first major full
the Galena alone. The battle lasted four grueling hours. The          scale battle. It began in the hot noon sun. Lee had decided on a
Federal Navy was turned back and never again attempted a naval        full frontal attack after a furious artillery bombardment. The air
assault on Richmond. When the Galena finally gave up the futile       was filled with clouds of thick dust as Confederate forces shifted
attack and withdrew, the shore defenders waved their hats and         into position. The Confederate front was a wide arc around the
cheered their foe with a genuine show of sportsmanship.               base of the hill. Mahone’s brigade was behind Wright’s Georgia
                                                                      Brigade. It was past noon before the units were in position.
The garrison at Drewry’s Bluff received the official thanks of the    Following Wright, Mahone was able to guide his men over the
Confederate Congress for the successful defense of Richmond           series of small hills, without undue exposure.          Stopping his
from the Federals.                                                    column he stripped his men of their knapsacks and placed them
                                                                      into battle lines. The 6th Virginia was on the left of the 16th
The thanks of Congress was as followed:                               Virginia. Regiments veering left and right, became entangled.
                                                                      The fighting went on past dark. About 9 P.M., the 6th Virginia
 “ Resolved by the Congress of the Confederate States of America,     returned to the rear about 500 feet from a barn. The 6th Virginia
That the thanks of Congress are eminently due, and are hereby most    Regimental flag had 39 bullets holes in it. They were exhausted and
cordially rendered to Commander E. Farrand, senior officer in         slept soundly despite a heavy rain that fell all night. The morning
Command of the combined naval and military forces engaged, and        light revealed the horror of the previous day, the dead and wounded
Capt. A. Drewey, senior military officer, and the officers and men    lay in rows where they fell. The first soldier of the Elliott Grays
under their command, for the great and signal victory achieved over   killed in action was Charles Rushbrook at Malvern Hill.
the naval forces of the United States in the engagement on the 15th
day of May 1862, at Drewry’s Bluff, and the gallantry, courage and    After Malvern Hill, General Lee pushed on toward Manassas after
endurance in that protracted fight, which achieved a victory over     Pope, and came up with him upon the old battleground of the year
the fleet of ironclad gunboats of the enemy entitle all who           before. On August 30, 1862, Jackson’s line was hit by Pope.
contributed thereto to the gratitude of the country.”                 The Federal inability to break the Confederate lines opened
                                                                      Pope’s left flank to a Confederate attack. Vicious hand to hand
The next day the Unit was sent to Chaffin’s Bluff, across the         occurred and at one point the Confederates ran out of ammunition
James River and joined General Wise in protecting the flank of        and threw rocks to beat back the attack. The 6th Virginia was in
General Johnson’s army. On June 15, 1862 the Unit was ordered         the midst of the magnificent charge made by Mahones’s Brigade
to rejoin its brigade outside of Richmond on Charles City Road.       that helped push the Federals all the way back to Henry House
General Johnson was wounded at Seven Pines and the Army of            Hill. The Elliott Grays contributed its share toward achieving the
Northern Virginia was now under the command of General Robert         brilliant victory. All roads were filled with wagons, caissons,
E. Lee. After the Battle of Seven Pines the 6th Regiment rejoined     ambulances, and lost and exhausted men looking for their
the Brigade and remained with it until the close of the War.

CHSV Messenger #87 Oct 2008                                                                                           11
commands. Private Samuel E. Sizer was killed in action at the Saturday, April 15, the prisoners received the news of the death of
Battle of 2nd Manassas.                                                President Lincoln and for several days, “…we all had to lay very
                                                                       low. The guards were all surly and for a very little they would
On March 22, marching in heavy rain they arrived at Brandy have fired on us…”
Station, which in less than a year would be the site of a famous
Calvary battle, Elliott Grays Private Junius Moore was killed in From the time of arrival to their final release the prisoners on
action in a skirmish near the Rappahannock River.                      Hart’s Island the men rejected three offers to take an oath of
                                                                       allegiance. Gentry remarked that the Virginians were in generally
Private William M. Taylor was killed in action at Antietam.            good health, but the South Carolinians has lost many to death. He
                                                                       felt the reason was that many of the men from South Carolina
Four men were sentenced to death in the winter of 1862-1863 for were old citizens who were arrested in raids through South
desertion. . One of the men was Pvt. George W. Browder, of the Carolina. No one could understand why they were arrested. He
Elliott Grays They were sent to Castle Thunder in Richmond, surmised it was for spite.                   Gentry assisted three different
Virginia and all had their sentenced suspended or pardoned by sergeants and had high praise for all of them. In late May he was
President Jefferson Davis.                                             appointed chief assistant to the Federal Commissary Sergeant.
                                                                       Thereafter he “had a fat time and was able from time to time help
Louis F. Bossieux, Captain of the Elliott Gray resigned on April 4, my friends.” They regularly received money, letters, and
1863 and Third Lieutenant John S. Whitworth was elected Captain.       provisions from home. He even received a suit of clothing and
                                                                       one day he decided to shave and put on his new suit and went out
At Chancellorsville, Private William Heldon was killed in action for a stroll. He was promptly arrested and taken before General
and Sgt. Thaddus Crow lost his right arm.                              Weitzel’s Adjutant General. The Adjutant explained that, in
                                                                       civilian clothes, he could easily walk out the gates with the
At Spotsylvania Courthouse on May 12, in a heavy rain the men battled visitors. Gentry explained that when he left this camp he would
for twenty hours during the most vicious fighting of the war. Sgt. do so legally. Laughing, the Adjutant dismissed the prisoner and
Joseph S. Moore was killed in action and Private Robert H. Cochrane told him to wait until he was “officially” released to wear his new
was mortally wounded and died in a Union hospital as a prisoner.       clothes. On June 1, all prisoners were vaccinated. Many were
                                                                       fearful “…that it was a Yankee trick, but no harm resulted.”
Private John W. Stegall was killed in action 6/22/1864 at Wilcox Farm. On June 15, 1865, the “Virginians” held a mass meeting to
                                                                       petition the Government for their release. Gentry opposed this
Many of the men were still in prison at the close of the War. The resolution, as did many others, and no action was taken.
prison adventures of James A. Gentry are well documented. On June 20, they were all finally convinced to take the oath. The
While on picket duty on April 2, 1865, Gentry, Sgt. John E. Jett, next day they sailed up to New York City to Castle Garden.
and Pvt. Jesse Dillon were captured by members of 3rd There they were given transportation home. Gentry decided to
Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery. Marched into the Union Camp stay in New York a few days "…seeing the sights.” He then went
they were surprised to be welcomed with cheering from their foes. on to Philadelphia and then to nearby Norristown. “…… to visit a
They were given coffee and “…. A boiled sheep’s tongue as big sweetheart, a Southern girl, who had gone on a visit after the close
as a mule’s…” They were also given clothing, socks and shoes. of the War.” After staying there for 2 weeks he continued his
The group was moved to an area near Bermuda Hundred and then trip home via Baltimore and arrived in Richmond on July 12,
taken back to City Point. Staying there until April 8, they were 1865. He had 5 cents in his pocket with which he bought “….a
then placed on a troop ship, guarded by Negro soldiers from mean cigar and walked up Main Street, over Mayo’s Bridge and
Kentucky, and sent to Hart’s Island, New York. Gentry became into Manchester in style.”
sick enroute and was cared for by one of the Negro guards, a
sergeant named Green Clay Lincoln, until they reached New James A. Gentry, enjoyed a successful life in Manchester as a
York. They reached their destination on the 11th and were greeted newspaper man after the War. Starting out as a newsboy worked
by a not- too- friendly crowd. They were pelted with oranges, as staff and editor of five Richmond newspapers, the Stage, Whig,
tobacco, cakes, etc. Many of the prisoners were offended by the Times, Enquirer, and Dispatch. A poet and a well-known member
treatment, but wisely pocketed the goodies. Gentry was too mad of the community he became the Mayor of Manchester, a
to do the same, an act he later regretted. But when his new friend, Magistrate of the Court. He never married and died on July 16,
Sgt. Lincoln, bid him farewell he gave him a handful of bread, 1893 and is buried in Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Va.
cheese, and cakes. Gentry wrote, “Whatever may have been his
after fate I know not, but this I know; he had a kind and generous                                In Memoriam
heart, and I have never ceased to remember him with gratitude.”
Gentry was placed in the barracks and assigned to Squad 54. Extracted from memories of the “Old First”, in rhyme now in
Since he knew how to read and write, he was given the task of course of preparation, by request of the Old First” Virginia
taking down the names of about 100 men in his squad. The Veterans Association, of which the author is a member.
building that would be their living quarters were actually barns
used for cattle during the State Fair. Gentry became an orderly                               By James A. Gentry
sergeant in charge of his squad. He had long since learned that in
the Army, Union or Confederate, “even a very subordinate office                        At Williamsburg and Seven Pines,
in the Army carries with it a few privileges and extra rations and a                   Where life blood flowed like water,
softer snap than being a low private in the front ranks.” On                            Brightly your sun of glory shines

CHSV Messenger #87 Oct 2008                                                                                          12
                Amid the clouds of slaughter;         Elliott Grays Unit - Richmond Times Dispatch, August 31, 1886
             I pass away from this dread scene,       - Silver Reunion of the Manchester Elliott Grays yesterday. This
                   So sad for me and you;             famous company’s 25th Anniversary was gloriously celebrated
            And may their graves be ever green,       yesterday on Sharp’s Island. By invitation the Manchester
              Who fell with Fowlkes and New.          Artillery took part in the celebration. There were some fifty
                                                      men present, the Elliott Grays embracing about two thirds of the
               Oh, smiling day in leafy June,         number. Among the welcome guests were Captain John S.
                When all was fresh and gay,           Whitworth, now of Norfolk, the gallant commander of the Elliott
             How little did we dream how soon         Grays. The day was spent in the usual enjoyments peculiar to
               Those lives would fade away;           old soldier’s reunions. Lunch was spread from 11 o’clock to 1
              For these two did not fall alone,       o’clock and dinner at 2 ½ PM. The dinner was voted “A No. 1”
                 Not by a score for sooth,            and the stew and barbecue among the best-gotten up, even on
             Among them Tyree and Mahone,             Sharp’s Island, so famous for these delicacies. James A. Gentry,
                 And Purcell in his youth.            president of the Association, was at the head of the table, flanked
                                                      by Captain Whitworth, of the Elliott Grays, and Captain Emmett
             And once more on Manassa Plain           Weisiger, of the Artillery. Captain Henry Fitzgerald and
                 We write a chapter new,              Lieutenant James D. Craig, of the Grays and Lieutenant Perry
              With Tysinger among the slain,          and Abbott, of the Artillery were at the foot. After the dinner
              And Skinner wounded through;            speeches were made by Captains Whitworth, Fitzgerald, and
             And here again our leaders bold,         Weisiger, Lieutenant Craig, James A, Gentry, and others. Mr.
              With Richmond’s favorite sons,          Gentry read some of his war poetry for the occasion. Sergeant
         Took from old Pope his greatest stronghold   George C. Anderson gave a toast, and John Smith furnished the
               And spiked his smoking guns.           vocal and instrumental music. Much regret was expressed at the
                                                      absence of Captain Bossieux and Messrs. Jordon, Snead, and
                 Tysinger was a brave soul            other comrades. Taken as a whole the reunion was one of the
                 As e’er commission bore,             most pleasant and successful, which has taken place. Its success
              His name is high on honor’s roll,       and pleasure is due to Messrs. James W. Craig, George W.
                 A blameless life he wore,            Tolby, and A.A. Waugh, aided by Messrs. George Sharp,
              Two other heroes passed away,           Charles F. Fisher, Alfred Simmons, Thomas N. Fisher and
               Two spirits brave and bright,          others. A vote of thanks was tendered in the Committee and Mr.
             No better blood flowed on that day       H.A. Catlin for an elegant floral tribute, with “Elliott Grays
             Than Tabb and “Beaury” Wright,           1981-86” inscribed thereon. The health of the absent comrades
                                                      was drunk and the dead in war and peace kindly remembered.
             Oh, how I could this list prolong,
                   When once I do begin,              Toast Given by George C. Anderson at the Silver
            Of all who joined the mighty throng       Anniversary
                With Mallory and McMinn;
             And then again on Drury’s height               “May this little band stand hand and hand
                    Amid the battle din,                        And Friendships never grow cold
            What choice spirits took their flight          May every man around this stand, live to be
                 With Figner, Via, Wynne.                              A thousand years old
                                                      And when at last our time has passed and our bodies all
          Dave Edwards fell in life’s sweet spring                             decay
               And Wingfield in his prime,                     You may shift the dust of every man
             And Ellett’s dirges here we sing,                       And find us Elliott Gray
              And Franklin’s praises chime;
               Nat Ernest was a gallant lad
               And Morris true and brave,                  These stories told, both new and old of Lee and
           They gave the Southland all they had,                           Jackson’s ways
                And filled a hero’s grave.                               Well did they stand,
                                                          When in command supported by the Elliott Grays
           Long, long for all shall fall our tears,
            Who fell the Sunny South to free-                 At Malvern Hill we went with will amid
           Dick Sands in manhood’s sober years                         The cannon’s roar
                And Barnes in boyish glee-                   Brave Rushbrook fell by the enemy’s shell
             And now of many a vacant chair                        While a gallant part he bore
               We hear the mournful story,
           But their’s the record white and fair-              Bold Moore was left on the battlefield,
                Dead-on the field of Glory.                       His body to decay-a hero brave
                                                                         Without a grave,
                                                                     But still an Elliott Gray”

CHSV Messenger #87 Oct 2008                                                                           13
                                                                       past are very real to us and we should remember that the worst
                                                                       now is less difficult and exacting than the best our Father knew in
                                                                       the War and during reconstruction.”
                                                                       Flowers and flags were placed at the base of the monument by
                                                                       Betty Lee Proctor and William Bingham White and Helen Louise
                                                                       Baber and Carolyn Jennings Woods unveiled the monument.
                                                                       Benediction was given by Reverend S. L. Stealey. Taps were
                                                                       played by a bugler from John Marshall High School.
                                                                       Richmond Times Dispatch – Friday, May 10, 1935

Mrs. Daisy Anderson Schaadt, daughter of George C. Anderson
presented The Manchester Elliott Grays and the Manchester
Artillery Monument on behalf of The Elliott Grays Chapter #
1877 UDC, of which she is President, to the City of Richmond on        Silver Pitcher given to Mrs. M. E. Nickolson by the Elliott Grays
May 9th, 1935. Descendants of the youths who marched gaily out         while stationed at Fort Nelson.
of old Market Square, 9th and Hull Street in South Richmond,
Virginia were in attendance. Little miss Peggy Rose Purdy, 5           Inscription reads “TO MRS. M.E. NICKLOLSON FROM THE
months old was the great-great-granddaughter of Alexander              ELLIOTT GRAYS IN THEIR CAMP AT FORT NELSON
Baxter, the fifer who played as the Elliott Grays marched away to      APRIL 12, 1862.”
Petersburg, Virginia and there entrained to Fort Nelson, Naval
Hospital. Guests of Honor were Confederate veterans.                   After the Confederate troops left Fort Nelson and the Northern
The Honorable Ernest H. Wells, Judge of Hustings Court Part 2,         troops took possession of the Fort and in fear that these troops
presided. The invocation was given by Reverend A.P. Williams.          would steal anything of value, the pitcher was hidden in a
Accepting the monument was Mayor J. Fulmer Bright, “this               chimney to keep it out of Yankee hands. A small dent is in the
perfectly magnificent “ for the city, called for the “old              pitcher below the inscription caused by a Yankee shell that hit her
Confederate spirit-the courage, valor, integrity and honor which       house.
should make us hang our heads to show fear now, knowing what
they took in their time”. Children from 7th Grade, Bainbridge
Junior High School sang “The Bonnie Blue Flag” and “The Girl I         Part Two of this two part series will be in a future issue of the
Left Behind”. Dr. Douglas Southall Freeman was guest speaker,          Messenger. - editor
“the spirit of the Confederacy rests upon this place” and the
monument was “in reality to the memory of all Confederates who
did their duty in their day.” He saw Richmond as fortunate in
having continuity of history for three centuries. “the trials of the

CHSV Messenger #87 Oct 2008                                                                                              14
Saturday, October 18, 2008
9:30 a.m. – 4:00 p.m. (Check-in begins at 9:00 a.m.)
Nicholas Student Center
John Tyler Community College – Chester Campus
13101 Jefferson Davis Highway

Admission: Free. Preregistration by October 13 is required.
Lunch: $8.00 (must be ordered when preregistering)

Explore the area’s rich history with:

    -    Louis Manarin - Colonial History of Chesterfield
    -    Lauranett Lee - African American History in Hopewell
    -    Chuck Peple - History of Drewry’s Bluff
    -    Nelson D. Lankford - Cry Havoc! The Crooked Road to Civil War, 1861
    -    Connie Lapallo - Bermuda Hundred

Lunch Options
Menu #: 1                                   Menu #: 2                                    Menu #: 3
Ham & Cheese Sub                            Turkey Sub                                   Vegetarian Sub
Red Delicious "Sweet" Apple                 Red Delicious "Sweet" Apple                  Red Delicious "Sweet" Apple
Multi Grain Sun Chips - 1 oz. Bag           Multi Grain Sun Chips - 1 oz. Bag            Multi Grain Sun Chips - 1 oz. Bag
Snickers Candy Bar                          Snickers Candy Bar                           Snickers Candy Bar
Paper Products for Box Lunch                Paper Products for Box Lunch                 Paper Products for Box Lunch
Assorted Coke Products - 1 can each         Assorted Coke Products - 1 can each          Assorted Coke Products - 1 can each

Those interested in attending, must preregister no later than October 13. To preregister:
Call the Chesterfield Historical Society of Virginia at 804-777-9663, or complete the below form and mail it, along with a check
(lunches are $8.00 each), to:

Chesterfield Historical Society
Attn: Diane Dallmeyer
P.O. Box 40
10201 Iron Bridge Road
Chesterfield, VA 23832



Telephone:_____________________________________ Menu Selection:___________________________________

For more information, visit www.jtcc.edu/revisit or www.chesterfieldhistory.com

CHSV Messenger #87 Oct 2008                                                                                        15
Chesterfield Historical Society of Virginia Membership Form

City___________________________________ State______ Zip____________ Phone (___)_____________________
E-Mail Address__________________________________________________________________________________
                              __New               __Renewal
Membership Levels:            __Student ($10)     __Senior ($15)                 __Senior Couple ($25) __Sustaining ($100)
__Individual ($20)            __Household ($30) __Benefactor ($500)              __Life ($250)
[ ] Enclosed is my check for $_______ for the membership category listed above.
[ ] I am making a contribution in the amount of $________ and have included that amount with my dues.
[ ] Please contact me about volunteering. I am interested in one or more of the following committees:
__African-American __Archaeology __Bateaux __Bermuda Hundred __Cemetery __Civil War Sites
__Fund Raising __Genealogy __Gift Shop __Historic Sites __Hospitality __Library __Membership
__Military History __Newsletter __Office __Programs __Site Docent __War Memorial
CHS use only:
N R level_________________ yr_______ AIM RB Nlet xf ch#_______________ inv#________________
Make checks payable to the Chesterfield Historical Society.

Mail to: Chesterfield Historical Society, Membership, P.O. Box 40 Chesterfield, VA 23832

                                                                      Author and Speaker Symposium
                                                                      Saturday, October 18, 2008 9:30 a.m. –
                                                                      4:00 p.m. (Check-in begins at 9:00 a.m.)
                                                                      Nicholas Student Center, John Tyler
                                                                      Community College – Chester Campus

The Chesterfield Historical Society of Virginia                                                                      Non-Profit Org.
P.O. Box 40                                                                                                            U.S. Postage

Chesterfield, VA 23832
                                                                                                                       Permit #28
                                                                                                                  Chesterfield, VA 23832

CHSV Messenger #87 Oct 2008                                                                                           16

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