Countermeasure Magazine_ October 2005 by zhangyun

VIEWS: 13 PAGES: 18

									Why and How We Do It
CPT MARK LEGASPI
   st
101 Airborne Division
Fort Campbell, KY


           hat’s the real focus in            their Soldiers. Both items serve the

W          implementing safety measures
           in every aspect of a Soldier’s
           life, whether on or off duty, at
home or in theater? Do we forget the
                                              same purpose, but the vest is more
                                              awkward than the lightweight, easily
                                              identifiable belt. Will Soldiers be seen
                                              more easily because the vest is larger?
real meaning of protecting the force?         No—the belt works just as well.
How positive are these measures in                In this instance, safety isn’t just
relation to real-world events? Do             about being seen; it’s also about the
Soldiers even care? These questions           training and discipline each Soldier
should open your eyes and give you            should receive and retain. Soldiers also
some insight as to why Soldiers think of      should know where to conduct PT and
safety as being a pain in their side.         places that have a high traffic flow.
    The real focus of safety is obviously     They should slow down and look for
to protect the lives of each Soldier in our   oncoming traffic. They should run in
ranks. There’s no argument about that.        open areas where they can be seen
However, does this concept always hold        easily. A reflective vest or belt alone
true? Is there ever a time when you           won’t save Soldiers from being hit by a
apply a safety measure to protect not         car. Leaders must ensure these
only your Soldiers, but also yourself         principles are enforced during unit PT,
from reprimand?                               not just issue a particular piece of
    Safety must be paramount at all           equipment.
times for the right reasons. Leaders              Soldiers receive much of their safety
can’t afford to simply “check the block”      training through organized safety days
when it comes to safety. Instead, safety      that either fit inspection criteria or follow
programs must reach out in such a way         a major accident. The consensus
that Soldiers realize safety isn’t            usually is that these events are a waste
something that takes the “fun” out of life.   of time and the topics covered aren’t
    Risk management is there for a            relevant to real-world operations. Most
reason—namely to prevent future               Soldiers see safety days as checking
mishaps based on the likelihood or            the block even if the material is useful.
lessons learned from past accidents.          The same can be said of weekend or
This process saves lives and protects         holiday safety briefs. Leaders shouldn’t
the force. Everyone must evaluate the         rely solely on these sporadic events to
controls we enforce in our training and       spread the safety message. Soldiers
everyday activities. You can’t have too       should be trained and ready when they
many controls, but sometimes controls         walk out the door to safely complete
might be excessive.                           their mission or drive home.
    For example, some units enforce the           Safety programs must reflect
wear of the full safety reflective vest       common sense and focus on the real
during physical training (PT), while other    reasons behind their use. These
units issue the yellow reflective belt to     programs are optimized by meaningful,
consistent training and the discipline         another thing our great Army tells us to
instilled in all our Soldiers. How we          do—it’s the key to keeping our troops
implement safety procedures and train          ready for the fight.
the force plays a huge role in helping
Soldiers understand why we practice            Contact the author by e-mail at
safety in the first place. Safety isn’t just   mark.legaspi@us.army.mil.
Don’t Look the Other Way
MSG JOHN KEEN
Accident Investigator
U.S. Army Combat Readiness Center

   n today’s fast-paced world, we’ve        acting in a careless or reckless manner

I  come to accept a lifestyle of “getting
   there fast.” But at what cost? In the
   name of speed, whether it’s behind
the wheel or getting a job done, we
                                            and say nothing? It’s our responsibility
                                            as friends, Soldiers, and leaders to point
                                            out and correct these errors. As
                                            leaders, we must discipline wrong
sacrifice safety. You can measure the       behavior and hold individuals
price of that sacrifice in Soldiers         accountable for their actions. However,
permanently removed from our ranks.         we also have a duty to use our past
    The statistics aren’t just numbers—     experiences to help guide and train our
they’re Soldiers’ lives. Many of our        Soldiers so we don’t lose them
young Soldiers are dying in automobile      prematurely. When we do nothing—
and motorcycle accidents because they       when we look the other way and then
lack good judgment, speed, and drive or     make excuses when a Soldier is hurt or
ride under the influence of alcohol or      killed—we’re just WRONG!
while fatigued. Sadly, they die before           When we were younger we learned
surviving enough close calls to learn       we weren’t always the best judge of our
from them. In all too many cases, they      abilities. We also learned that Murphy’s
believed they could drink and drive         Law—what can go wrong will—still
without any consequences.                   applied. Today’s young Soldiers are no
    I worked as a state trooper before      different than we were. They also often
coming to the Combat Readiness              overestimate their abilities and turn a
Center to work as an accident               blind eye toward danger.
investigator. I performed hundreds of            As leaders, we’ve lived and learned.
motor vehicle accident investigations on    Now it’s our turn to teach our Soldiers to
people who caused accidents or were         learn and live. They’re watching us
victims of someone else’s carelessness.     because we set their goals and our
Some of the worst experiences in my         expectations of them. When it comes to
career were the many times I had to         safety, if we don’t care enough to
inform a family of a loved one’s death.     correct them when they’re wrong, they’ll
Their responses included guilt, anger,      think it doesn’t matter—that we’ve
denial, and feeling responsible for the     chosen to look the other way. But if the
incident. The response I didn’t expect      phone rings in the middle of the night
was, “We were wondering when this           and the unsafe Soldier we ignored is
would happen.” Yet that’s what I heard      now in the morgue, we’ll personally
from some people. They knew the             know the cost of a safety statistic. We
victim well enough to know something        won’t be able to look the other way then.
terrible might happen but never did
anything about it. They just looked the     Contact the author at (334) 255-9398,
other way.                                  DSN 558-9398, or by e-mail at
    That’s something to think about.        john.keenjr@us.army.mil.
How many times do we see someone
Don’t Look the Other Way
MSG JOHN KEEN
Accident Investigator
U.S. Army Combat Readiness Center


   n today’s fast-paced world, we’ve             That’s something to think about.

I  come to accept a lifestyle of “getting
   there fast.” But at what cost? In the
   name of speed, whether it’s behind
the wheel or getting a job done, we
                                            How many times do we see someone
                                            acting in a careless or reckless manner
                                            and say nothing? It’s our responsibility
                                            as friends, Soldiers, and leaders to point
sacrifice safety. You can measure the       out and correct these errors. As
price of that sacrifice in Soldiers         leaders, we must discipline wrong
permanently removed from our ranks.         behavior and hold individuals
    The statistics aren’t just numbers—     accountable for their actions. However,
they’re Soldiers’ lives. Many of our        we also have a duty to use our past
young Soldiers are dying in automobile      experiences to help guide and train our
and motorcycle accidents because they       Soldiers so we don’t lose them
lack good judgment, speed, and drive or     prematurely. When we do nothing—
ride under the influence of alcohol or      when we look the other way and then
while fatigued. Sadly, they die before      make excuses when a Soldier is hurt or
surviving enough close calls to learn       killed—we’re just WRONG!
from them. In all too many cases, they           When we were younger we learned
believed they could drink and drive         we weren’t always the best judge of our
without any consequences.                   abilities. We also learned that Murphy’s
    I worked as a state trooper before      Law—what can go wrong will—still
coming to the Combat Readiness              applied. Today’s young Soldiers are no
Center to work as an accident               different than we were. They also often
investigator. I performed hundreds of       overestimate their abilities and turn a
motor vehicle accident investigations on    blind eye toward danger.
people who caused accidents or were              As leaders, we’ve lived and learned.
victims of someone else’s carelessness.     Now it’s our turn to teach our Soldiers to
Some of the worst experiences in my         learn and live. They’re watching us
career were the many times I had to         because we set their goals and our
inform a family of a loved one’s death.     expectations of them. When it comes to
Their responses included guilt, anger,      safety, if we don’t care enough to
denial, and feeling responsible for the     correct them when they’re wrong, they’ll
incident. The response I didn’t expect      think it doesn’t matter—that we’ve
was, “We were wondering when this           chosen to look the other way. But if the
would happen.” Yet that’s what I heard      phone rings in the middle of the night
from some people. They knew the             and the unsafe Soldier we ignored is
victim well enough to know something        now in the morgue, we’ll personally
terrible might happen but never did         know the cost of a safety statistic. We
anything about it. They just looked the     won’t be able to look the other way then.
other way.
Contact the author at (334) 255-9398,   john.keenjr@us.army.mil.
DSN 558-9398, or by e-mail at
Never Enough to Go Around
G3, ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION DIVISION
Ground Branch
U.S. Army Combat Readiness Center

        owadays, units are being tasked      one of the lanes during the exercise.

N       to perform increasingly complex
        missions with fewer and fewer
        personnel. This shortfall is an
obstacle, but one that can be overcome.
                                             After these revisions, First Squad
                                             consisted of a specialist squad leader,
                                             three privates, and an additional two
                                             specialists and one private from the
The key is to develop junior                 now-divided third squad. Second Squad
subordinates and integrate Composite         consisted of one staff sergeant, one
Risk Management (CRM) at all levels.         specialist, and five privates.
The unit described below, however, let           The squads were set up in this
their personnel shortfall become a fatal     manner and finalized even though there
obstacle.                                    were multiple NCOs in the other
Background                                   platoons’ squads. Moreover, a
    A company-sized unit made up of          commanding general’s policy letter
three platoons returned from Operation       stated there must be an NCO in each
Iraqi Freedom in 2004 and had                vehicle at all times. The First Squad
undergone a significant personnel            leader—the specialist—was new to the
change due to the loss of many NCOs.         unit and had just transferred to active
Additionally, several of the remaining       duty from the National Guard. He
NCOs were in various schools. Even           wasn’t as proficient in his tasks as the
with this lack of enlisted leadership, the   other squad personnel.
unit was conducting a training cycle to          The morning the company departed
prepare for their return to Iraq in 2005.    for the FTX, the platoon sergeant
    The training was battalion-driven and    removed the specialist as First Squad
included a field training exercise (FTX)     leader because of his proficiency
scheduled to last several days. The          shortcomings. He replaced the
FTX consisted of unit movement to the        specialist with one of the squad’s
training area, followed by preparation       privates. This Soldier recently had been
and execution of “round robin” squad-        demoted from specialist to private first
level training lanes. M113A3 Armored         class for a past infraction. Nonetheless,
Personnel Carriers were to be used to        he was highly regarded within the unit
transport troops from lane to lane.          and the other Soldiers were surprised by
Leadership from the battalion down had       the infraction.
conducted a walk-through of the training     The accident sequence
lanes and determined a steep slope at            After the company arrived at the FTX
one lane’s entrance was a potential          area of operations, the personnel
hazard.                                      assigned to run the lanes prepared for
    Because of the shortage of NCOs,         the next day’s exercise. The M113A3s’
the command divided one platoon into         personnel configuration consisted of the
two squads instead of the usual three.       driver in the drivers’ hatch; the track
The command also decided the platoon         commander (TC) in the commander’s
sergeant and platoon leader would run        cupola; the squad leader standing
behind the commanders’ cupola and                  The squad loaded their vehicle in its
propped through the cargo hatch; and          previous configuration, with the first TC
the rest of the personnel in the troop        driving again and the former driver
compartment. Locally manufactured             serving as the TC. The squad leader
seat boxes were installed in the vehicles     was still standing behind the
to serve as both seats and storage            commander’s cupola and was propped
compartments. Seatbelts were secured          through the cargo hatch. As the
to the seat boxes, but none of the            M113A3 sped to the next training lane, it
Soldiers wore them because they were          began traveling faster than the tank
unserviceable.                                trail’s posted speed limit. Their next
    The next morning, the Soldiers of         lane was the first one they’d been to that
First Squad woke up, ate breakfast, and       morning for directions, and the driver
conducted their usual activities such as      was confident he could get there
personal hygiene. They then loaded            quickly. However, he hadn’t been
their vehicle in the configuration            driving earlier in the day; he still was
determined the day before. En route to        serving as TC at the time.
their training lane, they got lost and went        The driver sped up as he turned onto
to a wrong lane after being told to go        the road that led to the next lane. There
there by another squad leader. The            he encountered the extreme downward
lane officer in charge (OIC) gave them        slope noted earlier during the command
directions to the correct lane, and the       walk-through. The tank trail intersected
driver and TC changed positions after a       a hard asphalt road that ran
long while. The TC was more                   perpendicular to the trail at the slope’s
experienced at driving the M113A3 than        base. The M1113A3 accelerated down
the primary driver.                           the steep grade, crossed the road, and
    When First Squad finally reached the      went into an uncontrolled left slide. The
correct lane, the new squad leader—the        vehicle then slid back onto the tank trail,
private—conducted troop leading               impacted an embankment, and rolled
procedures. He determined the squad           180 degrees before coming to rest on
didn’t have weapons magazines for the         the cupola’s armor plating and the hull’s
lane training. They went to their platoon     upper left edge.
sergeant’s location, secured the                   The squad leader and one Soldier in
magazines, and went back to their             the troop compartment were ejected and
training lane.                                suffered fatal injuries as the vehicle slid
    All the Soldiers dismounted to            to a stop. The five remaining Soldiers
conduct the lane except the new squad         suffered moderate to minor injuries.
leader, who was standing in the               The M113A3 suffered only minor
commander’s cupola, and the original          damage.
driver, who was driving the M113A3            Why the accident happened
again. The vehicle slowly trailed the          The driver didn’t adjust his speed for
squad as they conducted the lane. By               existing road conditions when the
the time First Squad completed the lane,           vehicle descended the steep grade.
they were behind schedule due to               The senior occupant allowed the
getting lost earlier. The command was              vehicle’s driver to approach and
anxious and pressing the squad to get              negotiate the steep grade without
to the next lane.
  decelerating or selecting the              Ensure vehicle speeds remain within
  appropriate transmission gear ratio.        the technical operating procedures
 The company commander allowed               for road conditions.
  First Squad to participate in the FTX      Senior occupants must be trained
  without direct NCO supervision. He          and understand their responsibilities.
  also allowed the squad to operate          Command personnel must conduct
  the M113A3 without an NCO                   focused CRM training and
  present.                                    emphasize their roles and
 The battalion commander                     responsibilities in the process. They
  recognized the steep grade as a             also must ensure they understand
  hazard and alerted the lane OIC.            appropriate risk acceptance levels.
  However, the battalion commander            Command personnel also must
  didn’t ensure the hazard and                include CRM in the planning process
  appropriate controls were added to          and give consideration to their
  the battalion risk management               subordinates’ proficiency levels.
  worksheet.                                 A hazard tracking log is a good tool
 The platoon leader and platoon              leaders can use to double-check and
  sergeant didn’t adjust their planning       refine mission-specific risk
  and troop leading procedures to             management worksheets. Leaders
  accommodate a squad wholly                  must ensure risks are communicated
  comprised of junior Soldiers with no        down to the lowest level.
  direct NCO supervision. They               Leaders must adjust or enhance
  specifically didn’t ensure the squad        troop leading procedures with regard
  leader knew and or understood the           to Soldier experience levels and
  day’s missions, routes, or expected         personnel constraints.
  hazards.                                   Vehicle crews must conduct hands-
 Rollover procedures weren’t                 on rollover drills at regular intervals.
  rehearsed or performed correctly           Personnel must wear their seatbelts,
  during the rollover.                        and leaders must take appropriate
 The vehicle occupants failed to             command action to enforce their use.
  comply with published guidance             Leaders must ensure all vehicle
  directing mandatory seatbelt use.           modifications are included in the
  This requirement also wasn’t                CRM process to help determine
  enforced in the unit.                       residual risk. Leaders then can take
 The vehicle seatbelts weren’t               appropriate action in developing
  attached to standard mounting hard          initial capabilities documents and a
  points. Instead, they were bolted to        request for special mission
  unauthorized, locally manufactured          modification in accordance with
  seat boxes and were unserviceable.          paragraph 3-8 of Army Regulation
 Neither the driver nor the TC was           750-10, Army Modification Program.
  wearing approved eye protection.           Personnel must wear appropriate
  They were wearing their prescription        eye protection.
  glasses instead.
Countermeasures                           Comments regarding this article may
                                          be directed to the U.S. Army Combat
Readiness Center Help Desk at (334)   255-1390 or DSN 558-1390.
Out of the Run
MSG MELVINE ALEXANDER
Accident Investigator
U.S. Army Combat Readiness Center

       he physical fitness of today’s        tasked to help him finish the exercise.

T      Soldiers is essential to
       accomplishing the Army’s
       missions. But what happens
when a Soldier doesn’t meet the
                                             After reaching the turnaround point, the
                                             remainder of the squad passed the
                                             three Soldiers on their way to the
                                             company area. The squad leader then
standard? Many Soldiers have died in         directed the Soldier to return to the
recent months either during or shortly       formation as the pacesetter.
after physical training (PT). Special            The formation slowed to a walking
programs for at-risk Soldiers are            pace after reaching the cool-down point.
outlined in Field Manual (FM) 21-20,         At that time, the Soldier began
Physical Fitness Training. In the            staggering from side to side. The other
incident described below, one such           Soldiers lowered him to the ground, and
Soldier’s leaders failed to heed advice      the unit medic began an assessment of
from medical personnel and didn’t follow     the Soldier’s condition.
the guidelines set forth in FM 21-20.            The Soldier was moved to the
    The Soldier was new to the unit and      forward support battalion’s medical
was deemed to be overweight and out          clinic, where he received two
of shape. Even so, the Soldier was           intravenous fluid lines and was
scheduled to perform a 4-mile PT run         immediately placed in ice. Shortly
(which included intermittent calisthenics)   thereafter, medical personnel
with the rest of his unit. The unit was in   discovered the Soldier’s body
a combat theater and, due to the high        temperature was 106 ºF. The Soldier
temperature, the run was postponed           was evacuated to a combat support
until 2000 hours. However, the unit          hospital and later to another medical
medic told both the team and squad           facility out of theater, where he received
leaders the Soldier shouldn’t run            further intensive medical treatment. It
because of recent medical issues.            was too little, too late, however. The
    The previous day, the Soldier was        Soldier’s life support was terminated
diagnosed as a possible heat casualty        shortly after he arrived at the last
after he passed out in a guard shed. He      medical facility.
required 3,000 cc of an intravenous              A day-to-day unit PT program
electrolyte solution to treat his            designed for most Soldiers might not be
symptoms. Unfortunately, neither             appropriate for all unit members. Some
leader took this information into account.   Soldiers simply can’t exercise at the
Against the medic’s advice, they left the    intensity or duration of their peers.
decision up to the Soldier. The squad        Trained and knowledgeable leaders
leader even said, “He can run if he          should develop and conduct special
wants to!”                                   programs tailored to these Soldiers’
    The Soldier decided to run and           needs. Pages 1 through 11 of FM 21-20
immediately fell behind the rest of the      contain guidelines for developing these
formation. Two team leaders were             type programs. The three groups of
Soldiers that might need special             In the end, it’s up to leaders to
consideration are:                           ensure their Soldiers stay in the run.
 Those who fail the Army Physical           Nothing will ever replace a leader
   Fitness Test but do not have medical      looking a Soldier in the eye and
   profiles.                                 telling him his individual strengths
 Those who are overweight or over-          and weaknesses. Leaders lead,
   fat according to Army Regulation          Soldiers follow, and leaders save
   600-9, The Army Weight Control            lives!
   Program.
 Those who have either permanent or      Contact the author at (334) 255-9856,
   temporary medical profiles.            DSN 558-9856, or by e-mail at
                                          melvine.alexander@us.army.mil.
ARAP: Helping Leaders Save Lives
CHARLES SCHIEFFER
ARAP Program Manager
U.S. Army Combat Readiness Center

        he U.S. Army Combat Readiness          personnel and equipment? Don’t you

T       Center (CRC) recently developed the
        Army Readiness Assessment
        Program (ARAP) to communicate the
Army’s strong conviction that Composite
                                               want to protect your combat power?
                                                   One of ARAP’s goals is to identify
                                               and correct organizational conditions
                                               that could increase the potential for
Risk Management (CRM) is the best way          mishaps. Following survey
to defend against the significant losses       administration (the assessment phase),
currently being experienced in the force.      the commander receives one-on-one
Regardless of why or how a Soldier is lost,    feedback on key issues regarding
the result is the same—one less Soldier        command climate, safety culture,
available for the fight. As accidents in our   resource availability, workload,
formations continue to degrade combat          estimated success of certain safety
power, the CRC is committed to finding         intervention programs, and other factors
innovative ways to reduce accidents,           relating to their unit’s overall readiness.
decrease fatalities, and keep our Soldiers         Here’s how it works. The battalion
fit to continue the Global War on Terror.      commander completes a personal
     ARAP is a Web-based initiative that       telephone registration process with a
provides battalion-level commanders            member of the CRC ARAP team. From
with data on their formation’s readiness       there the commander and unit personnel
posture through five segments:                 complete the online portion of the survey,
 Processes Auditing—assesses the              which consists of 61 scaled questions that
     processes used to identify hazards        can be answered in about 12 minutes.
     and correct problems                      Once two-thirds of the battalion has taken
 Reward Systems—assesses the                  the survey, the battalion commander calls
     unit’s program of rewards and             the CRC to receive an in-depth debrief of
     discipline to reinforce proper            the results. This brief includes a
     behavior and correct risky actions        discussion of the unit’s strengths and
 Quality Control—places emphasis on           weaknesses and also provides
     high standards of performance             suggestions for possible courses of action
 Risk Management—assesses the                 and solutions used by previous battalion
     health of unit processes                  commanders.
     Command and Control—assesses              So, what’s in it for me?
leadership, communication, and policies         All assessments are confidential.
as they relate to CRM                              Only unit commanders or their
     Designed for use by battalion-sized           designated representatives and the
units, the program asks several                    CRC have access to results. A
questions of battalion commanders.                 confidential debrief is conducted on
Wouldn’t you like to know if your unit is          a one-on-one basis between the
about to experience a mishap?                      commander and the CRC.
Wouldn’t you like to prevent the loss of
   Assessments are predictive. Studies        at their safety culture and evaluate
    conducted by the U.S. Navy over the        CRM processes.
    past 6 years have shown that units in    The program is Web-based, quick, and
    the survey’s lower spectrum have           easy: https://unitready.army.mil.
    twice the number of fatalities and      For more information on ARAP or to
    more than twice the number of Class     schedule an assessment for your
    A accidents.                            battalion, contact Mr. Charles Schieffer,
   All assessments and users are           ARAP Program Manager, at (334) 255-
    anonymous.                              9362, DSN 558-9362, or by e-mail at
   These assessments are a “free look”     charles.schieffer@us.army.mil or
    inside a unit. They allow               arap@crc.army.mil. The ARAP team
    commanders to take an honest look       looks forward to hearing from you!
Accident Briefs
ACV                          occurred during the         to negotiate a turn and
Class A                      early morning.              flipped the vehicle. The
Soldier suffered fatal                                   injured Soldier also
injuries when the M2A2       Soldier suffered fatal      suffered fractures to his
he was riding in rolled      injuries when the M984      arm. The driver was not
over into a canal. The       HEMTT he was riding in      injured. The accident
vehicle was on an early      overturned. The vehicle     occurred during the late
morning patrol with its      was part of a convoy        morning.
white lights on at the       when the driver
time of the accident.        experienced difficulty      Class C
The Soldier was serving      with the brakes, causing    Soldier suffered back
as the vehicle’s track       the rollover. The Soldier   and neck injuries when
commander.                   was serving as the          the M1025 HMMWV he
                             vehicle’s gunner. The       was riding in suddenly
                             driver also was injured.    hit a washed out portion
AMV                          The accident occurred       of the roadway. The
Class A (Damage)             during the late evening.    Soldier was participating
Four M1113 HMMWVs                                        in a route
were destroyed when an       Class B                     reconnaissance mission
electrical fire started in   An M1113 HMMWV              as part of a training
one of the vehicles and      suffered Class B            center field training
spread to the other          damage when it ran off      exercise and was not
three. The vehicles          the roadway and flipped     wearing his seatbelt.
were parked in the           end over end. The           The accident occurred
motor pool. The              vehicle was taking part     during the early
accident occurred during     in an OPTEMPO road          morning.
the late evening.            test at the time of the
                             accident. The driver
Class A                      was wearing his seatbelt
Soldier was killed when      and suffered minor
the M1114 HMMWV he           injuries. The accident
was riding in overturned.    occurred during the late
The HMMWV was                                            Personnel Injury
                             afternoon.                  Class A
providing convoy
security on an improved                                  Soldier collapsed and
                             Soldier’s finger was        died following a field
road when it rolled over.    amputated when the
The Soldier was serving                                  training exercise. The
                             M1114 HMMWV he was          Soldier had just returned
as the vehicle’s gunner      riding in rolled over.
and was ejected during                                   from the exercise and
                             The HMMWV was on its        was entering the dining
the rollover. Two other      way to a forward
Soldiers also were                                       facility when he
                             operating base when the     collapsed. He was
ejected but were not         driver reportedly failed
injured. The accident                                    pronounced dead at the
local hospital. The        round, which                 occurred during the late
accident occurred during   subsequently detonated.      morning.
the late afternoon.        The accident occurred
                           during the late morning.     Class C
Soldier suffered fatal                                  Two Soldiers suffered
injuries when an LMTV      Cadet died after             various minor injuries
struck him during          collapsing during a          when they were struck
battalion physical         company PT run. The          by a HMMWV while
training (PT). The         cadet was evacuated to       running along a
Soldier’s company was      a local hospital, where it   roadway. The Soldiers
pulling the LMTV when      was discovered his body      heard the HMMWV
he reportedly fell. The    temperature had risen to     approach from behind
LMTV rolled over the       105 degrees. He died a       and moved off the
Soldier’s chest and        short time later. The        paved roadway onto the
abdomen. The accident      accident occurred during     right shoulder. The
occurred during the        the early morning.           HMMWV’s driver
early morning.                                          became blinded by the
                           Soldier died while           sun, which impaired his
Soldier collapsed and      conducting a land            vision and prevented
died while conducting      navigation course. The       him from seeing the two
personal PT. The           Soldier was reported         Soldiers. The accident
Soldier was on TDY         missing and later found      occurred during the
status away from home      unconscious. He was          early morning.
station and was            evacuated to a local
pronounced dead at a       hospital, where he
local hospital. The        subsequently died.
accident occurred during   Weather (heat) is a
                                                        Seatbelt Success
the early morning.         suspected factor. The        Stories
                           accident occurred during     Spotlighting Soldiers
Soldier collapsed and      the late afternoon.          who wore their seatbelts
died during a unit PT                                   and walked away from
run. The Soldier was       Soldier was electrocuted     potentially catastrophic
evacuated to a local       when he fell onto a          accidents
hospital and pronounced    railroad track. The
dead a short time later.   Soldier was serving as       Class C
The accident occurred      the officer in charge of     Two Soldiers suffered
during the early           rail movement                minor scratches when
morning.                   operations. Witnesses        their M915A2 ran off the
                           reported hearing an          roadway and flipped
Soldier suffered fatal     explosion and then           over. The vehicle was
injuries when an           seeing the Soldier fall      towing a flatbed trailer
unidentified round         onto the track. The          loaded with two 20-foot
exploded. The Soldier      Soldier died from his        conexes and was
was part of an advance     injuries more than 3         headed to a logistical
party on a range and       months after the             support area at the time
reportedly retrieved the   accident, which              of the accident. The
                                                        driver was conducting
his second run of the          The vehicle shifted             it hit the crater and
day and had been on            laterally to the right and      crashed into a barrier
duty for 20 hours when         began to roll after the         before overturning. The
he fell asleep at the          driver stopped the              driver suffered fractures
wheel. The vehicle was         vehicle. The driver             to his knee and was
traveling at an estimated      announced “rollover,”           returned to duty after
50 to 55 mph when the          and the crew took               several days. The
driver fell asleep and         immediate action. The           gunner suffered
lost control, causing the      Soldiers were wearing           fractures to his wrist and
truck to roll over. Both       their seatbelts and             was expected to return
Soldiers were wearing          personal protective             to duty within 2 weeks.
their seatbelts and            equipment and were              The truck commander
helmets. The accident          returned to duty                suffered minor cuts and
occurred during the mid-       immediately. The                abrasions and was
afternoon.                     accident occurred during        released for duty
                               the late evening.               immediately. All three
An M2A2 Bradley crew                                           Soldiers were wearing
escaped injury when            Three Soldiers suffered         their seatbelts and
their vehicle rolled over.     minor injuries when their       helmets. The accident
The vehicle was                LMTV rolled over after          occurred during the
traveling under white          striking a large crater in      early morning.
lights along a narrow          the roadway. The LMTV
canal road when the            was going through a
driver felt the tracks slip.   vehicle checkpoint when


What Were They Thinking?
Class C
Hey guys…watch this!                           What did you do that for?
People sometimes should heed the               Soldiers are told repeatedly to train as
advice of those around them. So was            they’ll fight. One Soldier conducting
the case with one young Soldier who            combative training took that guidance a
thought it would be fun to discharge a         little too far. The Soldier was instructing
fire extinguisher without a fire. The          the class and was engaging another
Soldier’s wiser comrades repeatedly told       Soldier who was trying to gain the
him to stop playing around, but the            dominant position. The second
wannabe firefighter scoffed at their           Soldier’s head got caught between the
advice. He pulled the pin and pushed           instructor’s knees, and the instructor
the lever over and over until he finally       squeezed his knees together to trap his
got the result he thought he wanted.           opponent. He realized he’d squeezed a
However, the extinguisher discharged           little too hard, though, when the second
right into the Soldier’s hand, causing         Soldier said he heard something pop in
cuts and lacerations that landed him in        his head. He was immediately taken to
quarters for 5 days. Sometimes life’s          the local hospital, where a CT scan
lessons have to be learned the hard            revealed a fracture to the bone under
way.                                           his left eye socket. The injury required
surgery to correct. The instructor and   continue training with some restrictions.
his “knees of steel” were allowed to

								
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