Parts of Speech
Task 1 - Write 5 examples of each of the following: Countable noun : 1. the table 2. a cat 3. a boy 4. a country 5. the house
Uncountable noun :
3. extremely 4. badly
1. to eat
2. to drink 3. to play
4. to go
5. to sleep
3. drinking 4. moving
Comparative adjective: 1. taller
2. younger 3. older
3. youngest 3. oldest
4. happiest 5. smartest
Article (3 only)
4. beacuse 5. as soon as
Task 2 - Identify the parts of speech in the following sentence:
I usually go swimming with my best friend and his rather unusual girlfriend.
a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) m)
I usually go -
subject adverb verb verb preposition pronoun adjective noun conjunction pronoun adverb
swimming with my best friend and his rather -
unusual - adjective girlfriend - noun
Task 3 - State the differences between the following, and give an example of each: a) Adjectives and adverbs Adjectives Adjectives are words that describe or modify a noun or a pronoun in the sentence. Adjectives can express degrees of modification. The degrees of modifications are known as the comparative and the superlative. Adjectives are often used in the form of cluster or group. They may come before the noun or pronoun they describe or they may follow the noun or pronoun they describe e.g. That is a cute baby or that baby is cute. Here cute is adjective. Adverbs Adverbs are words that modify everything except nouns and pronouns. They modify adjectives, verbs, and other adverbs. There are 3 types of position for adverb in a sentence i.e. front, middle and end e.g. He speaks very slowly. Here very is adverb. b) Nouns and pronouns Noun Noun is the name of a person, thing, place, quality or state. For example: The boy is drinking water. Here boy is a noun. Pronoun Pronoun is a word that is used instead of a noun. For example: He likes to play football. In this sentence he is pronoun.
Task 4 - Explain the following parts of speech as you would to a student. An example sentence would help to clarify your explanation: a) Conjunctions A conjunction is a word that joins words, phrases, or clauses. They do two things: 1. Join words of the same class. e.g. He likes to eat apples and mangoes.
2. Join clauses of sentences. e.g. He called me when I was busy. b) Gerunds A gerund is the -ing form of a verb and used as a noun. Gerunds are used in the same way as nouns are used, i.e. as a subject or object. e.g. Eating apples is good for health. In this sentence gerund eating is used as subject. She enjoys reading books. In this sentence gerund reading is used as an object. c) Verbs Verbs refer to action or state of a noun. There are two main types of verbs i.e. action verbs (walk, drive, eat etc.) and state verbs (think, feel, be etc.). Verbs are either transitive or intransitive. Transitive verb is followed directly by an object e.g. I invited him to my house. Intransitive verb is followed by a preposition e.g. I talked to him. d) Comparative adjectives Comparatives adjectives are used to compare two things. You can use sentences with THAN e.g. He is smarter than his brother. e) Prepositions Prepositions show relationship of nouns or pronouns with other words in a sentence. e.g. The book is on the table. In this sentence on is preposition. There is no uniformity in the placement of preposition. There are three categories of preposition. 1. Place - at, on, under, behind, between etc. 2. Time - before, at, since, from etc. 3. Movement - through, from, out, by etc. f) Superlative adjectives Superlatives are used to compare more than two things. Superlative sentences usually use THE, because there is only one superlative e.g. John is the tallest in the class. Task 5 - What do articles do in a sentence? Give examples of your own. There are two types of articles i.e. definite article (the) and indefinite article (a, an).
i. Definite Article: the The definite article in the sentence is used before singular and plural noun when the noun is specific or particular. We use the when we know that the listener knows or can work out what particular person/thing we are talking about. e.g. The apple you ate was rotten. Did you lock the car? We use the to talk about geographical points on the globe. e.g. the north pole, the equator etc. We use the to talk about rivers, oceans and seas e.g. the Nile, the Pacific, the English channel etc. We also use the before certain nouns when we know there is only one of a particular thing e.g. the sun, the world, the earth etc. ii. Indefinite Article: a, an A and an indicate that the noun modified is indefinite. These indefinite articles are used with singular nouns, when the noun is general.They refer to something not specifically known to the person you are communicating with. A and an are used before nouns that introduce something or someone you have not mentioned before. e.g. I am a student. I am an english teacher. Rules for using Indefinite Article - a with singular noun beginning with a consonant: a chair - an with singular noun beginning with a vowel: an apple - a with singular noun beginning with a consonant sound: a university - If a noun is modified by an adjective then the articles a or an to be used depends on the initial sound of the adjective followed by the article: a good boy, an honest man. By: S. Qureshi visit: http://toponlineenglish.yolasite.com