PROJECT PIN: Programmatic CDM Project in Low and Middle income Housing in South Africa Project Name Sectoral Baseline in Low and Middle Income Housing Project Brief Description of the Project: It is the aim of the project to develop a programmatic CDM methodology allowing for energy efficiency, water efficiency and renewable energy interventions* in low- income housing throughout South Africa to be credited under the CDM. The project currently comprises 1 750 housing units in 3 different locations: Buffalo City, Mitchell’s Plain and Mfuleni, with various other projects joining the list of potential participants. * these include, but are not limited to: insulated ceilings, solar water heaters, energy efficient lamps, dry sanitation systems and grey water recycling. Project Type Mitigation using GS credited Programmatic Is the project Mitigation, CDM, CDM. Gold Standard, or Adaptation? Nature of Climate Change benefit There will be a reduction of fossil based fuel Briefly explain how the project will consumption, and hence CO2 emissions, for reduce or avoid emissions; or how space heating and water heating and water- the project will reduce the borne sewage service provision. This will be vulnerability of the poor or improve achieved through the provision of interventions their adaptive capacity that will improve the thermal efficiency of the housing units, and provide energy efficient lighting and solar water heating. Current Project Status: Please explain the current status of the project in terms of: 1. approved by SSN board or Yes not 2. funding available or not The Department of Science and Technology has indicated a willingness to fund the development of a model that will simplify the calculation of emissions reductions. Other funding sources for finalising the institutional framework is currently being sought. 3. MOU signed or not No 4. implementation begun or No not Affected Community Mid to low-income households who qualify for 1. Which is the target national housing subsidy* in the 3 project areas community that will benefit (currently 1 750 housing units). from the project There is a potential for replication and scaling up through the use of Programmatic CDM which would benefit many other communities. * In South Africa the government subsidises housing under the Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP) whose target was to provide one million houses within the first five years of democracy and to continue in its efforts to provide housing for all in South Africa. 2. Explain the current position Currently beneficiaries have no access to of the beneficiary formal houses and basic services such as community sanitation and electricity. Fuel wood and paraffin are the main sources of energy used for cooking and space heating. In the informal settlement where most of the 600 households of the Buffalo City Project are currently residing, there is only one stand water pipe to service all households. In urban areas the new RDP house is a 36m² built with water borne sewerage connection, an on-site water pipe, a single electrical plug point, incandescent light bulbs are used and galvanised iron roof without any insulation. Installation of ceilings and electricity geysers will be left to the onus of the owner as part of home improvements. Many of the households may never be able to prioritise electric geysers because of constraints placed by their extreme poverty levels. Therefore they will still rely on paraffin and wood to heat their water. For space heating electric bar heater are used. Those who cannot afford bar heaters usually depend on coal and paraffin stoves. 3. Please how the project The communities will benefit as follows: activities would benefit the • Improved health due to decreased air community pollution. • The elimination of waterborne sewerage combined with grey water treatment system allows for free basic water allocation to be used for cooking, drinking and washing and a second use for garden irrigation. • The minimisation of waste and composting produces a resource that could generate income or be used in household gardens to grow vegetables. • A community gardening project will form part of the activity and this would contribute positively to poverty alleviation. • Employment creation and training opportunities. • The mixed energy source use provided by the project places the household in a better position to make decisions regarding use of their free basic electricity service provided by government, and to hedge against fluctuations in fuel and energy prices and qualities of supply. • Reduced monthly energy bills. • In the case of the Mitchell’s Plain project the creation of a safe environment with which people can identify and feel proud of. • Improving levels of comfort within the home. Poverty Reduction 1. Please explain how the • Reduced monthly energy bills. project will improve • A community gardening project will livelihoods of the poor form part of the activity and this would contribute positively to poverty alleviation. • Employment creation opportunities exist for the local manufacture and installation of technologies and associated infrastructure required for full project implementation. • Further employment benefits would occur through the maintenance of the technologies. 2. Please explain how the • Beneficiaries will acquire new skills project will improve human and education through energy or institutional capacity of management and waste management the poor training. • The raised standard of living with accompanying lower cost of living, could enable community members to access better learning possibilities. • Access to new energy sources such as solar will lead to unsuppressed demand and open opportunities for small business development. • In the Mitchell’s Plain project, income from the carbon credits will be channelled back to the community. A residential committee will be set up to manage this process which will provide the opportunity to learn new skills as well as the possibility of hiring staff (a social facilitator, maintenance team, caretaker) and thereby create employment opportunities within the community. • The community gardening project will provide skill development opportunities and the possibility of generating extra income. Sustainable Development Benefits • The development of these projects will What sustainable development trigger the development of other similar benefits will arise from the project projects under Programmatic CDM. activities apart from poverty • The communities themselves will be reduction? more sustainable through access to better services, less health problems, potential for increased income. • Business opportunities relating to the new technologies that will be used. • Environmental benefits internally in houses due to decreased use of paraffin and kerosene. • Environmental benefits externally due to the reduction of CO2 emissions. • Greater community interaction. Technology Transfer and Technologies employed in the project are solar Receptivity water heaters for water heating, energy 1. Please explain any efficient lighting, insulated ceilings, urine technology that will be diversion sanitation systems, grey water involved in the project treatment systems. 2. Please explain the transfer • Pilots of demonstration houses will be and reception steps in the run to test the technologies, provide project activities capacity and transfer technology to the households who are able to receive it. It will also be used to show to municipal officials and provincial stakeholders in order to gain acceptance. • Training will be provided to local artisans, plumbers and households on installation, operation and maintenance of the technologies. • An awareness raising campaign will be conducted using the households to share experience with other communities. • Training on composting and the use thereof in the community garden projects. Dry Sanitation: • Dry sanitation technology was introduced to local authority officials, politicians and the beneficiary community. A pre-study was undertaken to determine the composition of the grey water and behavioural patterns related to water and wastewater generation in a household from the surrounding formal settlement. • An awareness campaign which involved carrying out cost benefit analysis with the community, ward committees and politicians led to beneficiaries choosing the technology type. • The pilot housing will also play a significant role to familiarise households with the technology operations and share the experience with others. • The beneficiary community has participated in the design of the urine diversion units. • A pre study as been undertaken to determine the acceptability of the technology to the community. 3. Please explain how the The technology will benefit the community transfer and reception of the through job creation, skills training and project technology will economic savings in monthly municipal bills. benefit the affected There are opportunities for entrepreneurial community (poor activities in the maintenance and management beneficiaries) of the technologies. The use of dangerous sources of energy, resulting in high air pollution, diseases and loss of property and lives due to incidents of fire will be reduced. The elimination of waterborne sewerage combined with grey water treatment system allows for free basic water allocation to be used for cooking, drinking and washing and a second use for garden irrigation. The minimisation of waste and composting produces a resource that could generate income or be used in household gardens to grow vegetables. Capacity Building 1. Please describe the capacity Training will be provided to local artisans, building aspects of the plumbers and households on: installation; project operation and maintenance of the technologies. An awareness raising campaign will be conducted using the households to share experience with other communities. In some instances residential committee will be set up providing employment opportunities. The capacity of the local municipalities and housing developers will be built with regard to climate change mitigation, the CDM and integrating water and energy efficiency and renewable energy into housing delivery. 2. Please describe whose The local communities, plumbers, local capacity will be built artisans, local government. through the project 3. Please explain the steps for Pilot housing will provide the opportunity for capacity building in the training and to familiarise households with project new technology. An awareness raising campaign will be conducted using the households to share experience with other communities. Community Garden projects will train the communities on the use of compost and gardening skills.
Pages to are hidden for
"Project Activity Update Template"Please download to view full document