INTERVIEWING by shuifanglj

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									INTERVIEWING

   Before the Interview
   During the Interview
   After the Interview



                           Revised April 2010
Why Go Through an Interview?
 The job interview provides an opportunity
  for you to sell yourself verbally to the
  employer on why you are the best
  applicant for the job.
BEFORE THE INTERVIEW
 Call to make an interview
  appointment
 Research the company
 Practice, practice, practice!
 Know your do’s and don’ts
 Plan your outfit ahead of time
Make an Appointment
 While on the phone, you should…
    Speak clearly
    Say it with a smile
    Repeat time and location of the interview
 Remember, you make your first impression
  when you talk to employers on the telephone
Research: Ask Questions
 Research — Be able to ask intelligent questions
    Library books
    Newspaper and magazine articles, brochures
    Talk to employees and customers
    Visit the company Web site
    Check the Human Resource Department for press
     kit about company history
    Visit the local Chamber of Commerce
 The more information you know, the better you
  can showcase yourself
  Practice, Practice, Practice
 Interview with a friend
 Practice typical questions using a mirror and tape recorder
 Create a 30-second “commercial” that highlights your
  unique talents and skills
 Questions you might be asked…
      What is your experience?
      What activities did you participate in school or in your community?
      What are your career goals?
      Why do you want this job?
      What are your major strengths and weaknesses?
      How well do you work in teams?
      Are you willing to work overtime?
      When can you begin to work?
      Tell me about yourself.
To Do and Not To Do
 Do…                              Don’t…
     Act natural
                                       Be late
     Be prompt
     Carry out promises               Come in extreme dress
     Ask questions                    Come unprepared
     Allow employer to express        Oversell yourself or
      ideas                             criticize yourself
     Read company literature
                                       Become impatient
     Follow procedures
     Be clear and precise             Try to be funny
     Listen effectively to the        Put an emphasis on salary
      interviewer                      Control the interview
Dress For Success: Women
 Professional Dress for Women
    Wear a business suit in solid colors, such as blue, gray or
     black, or a nice dress and blazer or cardigan
    Skirt and dress hemlines should be no shorter than the
     bottom of the knee
    Wear quality fabrics and shoes that match
 Avoid extra jewelry
    Wear one to two rings per hand
    Only wear one set of earrings
 Wear perfume and makeup sparingly
 Keep hair pulled back from your face
 No gum, hair, cigarettes, or pockets full of coins
  Dress for Success: Men
 Professional Dress for Men
    Wear a business suit in a solid, conservative color, such
     as blue, gray or black
    Avoid wearing a suit that you can tell is from an
     expensive designer
    White, collared shirt
    Choose a conservative tie — no cartoon characters!
    Your socks should be dress socks that
     match your suit
 Shine your shoes
 Keep hair and fingernails neatly trimmed
 Don’t wear accessories except for a watch
             AT THE INTERVIEW
 Know how to make a good first impression
 Remember the questions in your practice
  interviews
 Be prepared to answer tough questions
 Come with questions to ask
 Know there are some questions the employer
  should not be asking you
 Don’t forget to thank the interviewer for his time!
   How to Screw Up an Interview
 Making jokes that make no sense
 Sitting against the wall to fill out an application
 Listening to music, eating, talking on the cell
  phone, or reading text messages during the
  interview
 Displaying your hobbies, especially if they are
  irrelevant to the job
 Saying the only reason you’re looking for a job is
  to prove you’re searching for a job so you can get
  an unemployment check
    Some Things to Remember
   Dress appropriately for the job
   Be neat and well-groomed
   Go to the interview alone
   Be on time
   Use good manners and appropriate gestures
   Pay attention to the interviewer
   Ask appropriate questions about the job
   Have necessary personal reference information with you
   Smile and relax
   Ask some opening questions
   Have good posture
   Sound enthusiastic
   Make eye contact
   Avoid distracting habits (rocking, etc.)
First Impressions Count
 Proper handshake
 Proper introduction
 Good posture
 Neat appearance:
      Proper attire for your job market
      Be groomed
      Personal hygiene
First Impressions: Body Language
 Good Posture
    Sit up straight on the edge of the chair and
     avoid crossing legs and arms
 Inviting Gestures
    Firm handshake
    Nod your head — indicates you are listening
 Eye Contact
    Indicates confidence
 Speak Clearly
    Standard English, not slang
    Not only what you say, but how you say it
Tough Questions
 When you’re faced with tough questions,
  remember to not be defensive, stay calm, and
  focus on your skills.
     What qualities do you have that offset your lack of
      experience?
     Are you going to move to a better job as soon as
      you gain experience here?
     If you are faced with a deadline you can’t meet,
      what will you do?
Questions You Should Ask
 What services or products does the company
    provide?
   Who are the company’s customers?
   Who are the key personnel?
   Where are company headquarters, plants, etc?
   What are the specific duties of the job applied for?
   What is the name of the interviewer?
   How profitable is the company?
   Annual revenue?
   Number of employees?
Questions to Avoid
 Salary, Vacations, Benefits and Sick Leave
    When asked about salaries, be prepared with research —
     know what other companies pay for similar positions and
     give a range
 Don’t answer questions about…
    Race, sexual orientation or marital status
    Unemployment payments or what your spouse or family do
     for a living
    Arrests, religion, or national origin

 The employer is advised against asking these types of
  questions, but may ask them anyway.
Situations: A New Trend
 Lately many employers ask interviewees situation-based
  questions to determine their decision-making skills and
  processes, as well as to see how they react under
  pressure.
 Examples:
      If someone (describe a typical conflict situation in the
       department), what would you do?
      As we still have some time left, can you tell me a story?
      Outline in very broad terms how you would create a
       strategy for a public interest campaign.
      “Genius is attention to detail.” Do you agree or disagree
       with this statement?
Closing the Interview
 Watch for cues the interview is about to be over,
  such as the employer standing up or saying who
  will be in contact with you.
 Thank the interviewer for the interview
 Decide a convenient time you can call on the
  hiring status
AFTER THE INTERVIEW
 Evaluate the interview
 Write a thank-you letter or e-mail
 Accept the job…or deal appropriately with
  rejection
Evaluate the Interview
 Were there any issues you had during practice
  interviews that were corrected during your actual
  interview?
 Did you speak clearly?
 Did you forget important information, or forget to
  ask any pressing questions?
 What was your overall opinion of the job?
      Write out pros and cons
      Will you accept or reject the job offer?
   Writing a Thank-You Note
 Things to include
    Thank the interviewer for his time and effort
    Reinforce your skills and abilities
    Insert added information you may have forgotten
    Restate your interest in the company
 Make sure you’re spelling the interviewer’s name
  and address (e-mail or street) correctly
 Proof-read the letter for spelling and grammar
 Remember to call back at the appointed time
If You’re Offered the Job…
  And you want to take it:
       Ask for a day to think about the job offer
       Review the pros and cons list you created before
        you accept the job
       Ask for a formal offer letter for your files
       Send and keep a copy of your acceptance letter
  And don’t want to take it:
       If you don’t want to take it because the salary is
        too low, try negotiating.
       If you don’t want to take it because the job isn’t
        what you expected, be tactful in your response.
If You Don’t Get the Job…
  Consider it a learning experience
  Be respectful and tactful when speaking with the
   employer.
  Ask why you were not hired. Feedback will help
   you in future interviews.
     Do I need more training?
     How can I improve in my interview?

								
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