Public Bicycle Systems - Velib and Beyond by wpr1947


									Public Bicycle Systems:
Velib and Beyond

                     Luc Nadal, ITDP
                     Ixtapan de la Sal, Oct. 2008
Massive scale
Quasi ubiquity
Nominal cost on short trips
Hi‐tech automation and tracking
Quality design
Effective mode of transportation
Velib Chic
Rejuvenates the image of the City
Helps create a people‐friendly and
attractive city
Night life effect
Boost to general bicycle use
No apparent cost to the city
+ substancial revenues
Winning political operation
Downsides / challenges:
Strains in maintenance/upkeep
Need for manual regulation
exceeds expectations
Theft and vandalisms
exceed expectations
Controversial linkage to commercial
advertising in public space
Potential monopoly and legal challenges
Alternative public bicycle models
Model 1: Amsterdam white bikes 1968
Model 2: Copenhagen bycyclen 1995
Model 3: Deutche‐Bahn 2000
Model 4: Rennes 1998/ Lyon 2005
                    Looking forward
long‐term viability?
     Maintenance, up‐keep = significant challenges in the long run
     Attrition of energy/ good‐will = plague of traditional Bike‐sharing

How big to aim at the start?
    critical mass threshold => reaction
    not mere change in scale; change in nature of the system

How to include low‐income population?
    Credit card/ subscription system = exclude the disadvantaged
    => vandalism/ theft

Applicability of Hi‐tech tracking systems to developing/emerging economies?
     Bring cost down
     Improve resilience of equipment
     Improve anti‐theft measures
     Fully free service? Give‐away bikes?

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