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Public Bicycle Systems - Velib and Beyond

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									Public Bicycle Systems:
Velib and Beyond




                     Luc Nadal, ITDP
                     Ixtapan de la Sal, Oct. 2008
Massive scale
Quasi ubiquity
Nominal cost on short trips
Hi‐tech automation and tracking
Quality design
Benefits:
Effective mode of transportation
Velib Chic
Rejuvenates the image of the City
Helps create a people‐friendly and
attractive city
Night life effect
Boost to general bicycle use
No apparent cost to the city
+ substancial revenues
Winning political operation
Downsides / challenges:
Strains in maintenance/upkeep
Need for manual regulation
exceeds expectations
Theft and vandalisms
exceed expectations
Controversial linkage to commercial
advertising in public space
Potential monopoly and legal challenges
Alternative public bicycle models
Model 1: Amsterdam white bikes 1968
Model 2: Copenhagen bycyclen 1995
Model 3: Deutche‐Bahn 2000
         call‐a‐bike
Model 4: Rennes 1998/ Lyon 2005
                    Looking forward
long‐term viability?
     Maintenance, up‐keep = significant challenges in the long run
     Attrition of energy/ good‐will = plague of traditional Bike‐sharing

How big to aim at the start?
    critical mass threshold => reaction
    not mere change in scale; change in nature of the system

How to include low‐income population?
    Credit card/ subscription system = exclude the disadvantaged
    => vandalism/ theft

Applicability of Hi‐tech tracking systems to developing/emerging economies?
     Bring cost down
     Improve resilience of equipment
     Improve anti‐theft measures
     Fully free service? Give‐away bikes?

								
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