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Public Bicycle Systems: Velib and Beyond Luc Nadal, ITDP Ixtapan de la Sal, Oct. 2008 Massive scale Quasi ubiquity Nominal cost on short trips Hi‐tech automation and tracking Quality design Benefits: Effective mode of transportation Velib Chic Rejuvenates the image of the City Helps create a people‐friendly and attractive city Night life effect Boost to general bicycle use No apparent cost to the city + substancial revenues Winning political operation Downsides / challenges: Strains in maintenance/upkeep Need for manual regulation exceeds expectations Theft and vandalisms exceed expectations Controversial linkage to commercial advertising in public space Potential monopoly and legal challenges Alternative public bicycle models Model 1: Amsterdam white bikes 1968 Model 2: Copenhagen bycyclen 1995 Model 3: Deutche‐Bahn 2000 call‐a‐bike Model 4: Rennes 1998/ Lyon 2005 Looking forward long‐term viability? Maintenance, up‐keep = significant challenges in the long run Attrition of energy/ good‐will = plague of traditional Bike‐sharing How big to aim at the start? critical mass threshold => reaction not mere change in scale; change in nature of the system How to include low‐income population? Credit card/ subscription system = exclude the disadvantaged => vandalism/ theft Applicability of Hi‐tech tracking systems to developing/emerging economies? Bring cost down Improve resilience of equipment Improve anti‐theft measures Fully free service? Give‐away bikes?
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