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Presentation on Job Prospects in India

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Presentation on Job Prospects in India document sample

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									          Presentation I: Business Partnership Programme:
      A Joint Government of India, FICCI and UNIDO Initiative

                             Thursday, 1 December 2005
                                  1.00 – 3.00 p.m.
                               Austria Center Vienna



I.     INTRODUCTION

1.       India has undergone a large process of economic reforms aiming at
liberalization and attracting investments. That process, which began already in the
early 1990s, continues to have an important impact on the whole economy including
critical sectors of economy. The country has experienced GDP growth in the range of
6-8% during the last few years, and the perspectives are positive for the future as well.
Based on the demand from the industry as well as priority accorded by Department of
Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), and feedback received from Federation of
Indian Chambers of Commerce (FICCI), ICICI Bank and other partner agencies,
Agro-Food Processing and Pulp & Paper sectors have been selected for joint business
partnership programme between UNIDO and FICCI for their potential for job
creation, impact on local economy and environment. This technical cooperation
programme primarily focuses on enhancing the productivity and manufacturing
competitiveness of agro-food processing and paper and pulp industries in India
through introduction of new and clean technologies, energy efficient processes, and
strengthening of quality and standards. The presentation to be made as a part of the
side events being organized during the General Conference would show case the
achievements made so far under this programme that was launched jointly by
UNIDO, FICCI and DIPP in March 2004 to support the private sector development in
India.


II.    MAJOR ISSUES

The Agro-Food Processing Industry

2.      The Agro-Food Processing Industry sector in India is one of the largest in
terms of production, consumption, exports and growth prospects. India is the third
largest producer of food in the world with about 210 million tonnes of food grains, 48
million tonnes of fruits, 90 million tonnes of vegetables, 85 million tonnes of milk,
besides poultry and egg, fisheries, spices, tea, coffee. India also has large marine
product and processing potential with varied fish resources. India's livestock
population is largest in the world with 50% of world's buffaloes and 20% of cattle’s,
but only about 1% of total meat production is converted to value added products.


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India is the largest milk producer in the world, but only about 15% of the total milk
production is processed through the organized sector.

3.     It is evident from the above figures that when it comes to value addition in the
Agro-food Processing industries in India, the situation is not very encouraging except
in case of basic agro-industries like grain milling, edible oils, sugar etc. The value
addition to food processed in India is a meager 7%, and India’s share in international
food trade is insignificant at less than 1%. Annual food exports by India are around
US$ 6 billion where as the world total is about US$ 700 billion.

4.      Further, there is a lack of consolidated data on the size, technology, scale of
operations and market linkages of the food processing industry in India. There are a
number of licensing and regulatory authorities overseeing agro-food processing units
in the country. There is an urgent need for proper coordination at various levels to
avoid duplication and overlap of efforts, and to take a consolidated view of the agro-
food processing sector to develop models or make forecasts for future supporting
activities.

The Paper and Pulp Industry

5.      The Paper and Pulp industry is an important industrial sector having a bearing
on the socio-economic development of the country. The Indian paper industry is more
than 100 years old, and the first mechanized paper machine was set up sometimes in
1830. During the last few decades, the industry has made a steady progress and today,
there are more than 600 pulp & paper mills producing nearly 5.5 million tons of paper
and board against the capacity of around 7.4 million tons. However, the per capita
consumption of paper & board in India is quite low at 5.5 Kg when compared with the
global average of 54 Kg. Even though there is sufficient domestic production, certain
specialty papers are still being imported. This sector employs more than 0.3 million
people directly, and about 1 million indirectly.

6.      Although Paper and Pulp sector has been accorded special priority by the
Government but it is highly fragmented. Most of Indian pulp and paper companies are
either small or medium scale producers. There is a serious problem of inadequate
availability and the quality of the raw material. The industry has to pay a higher price
not only for the raw material but also for its transport from far-flung areas to the
factory site. Other critical issues are high costs on energy consumption, technology
gaps and waste processing. Of late, energy efficiency technologies and waste
management measures in the paper and pulp enterprises have received attention from
all concerned - government policy makers, industry associations and enterprises- as
possible means of enhancing quality and competitiveness, conserving resources and
improving environmental standards. According to recent estimates, energy savings
could be as high as 20-25% in Paper and Pulp sector through appropriate measures
like adoption of energy efficient technologies, training in energy audits, capacity-
building and information dissemination.




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III.   UNIDO’s PROGRAMME RESPONSE

7.      In order to respond to these concerns in Agro-processing and Paper & Pulp
sectors in India, and building on its technical expertise in these areas, UNIDO
initiated a joint business partnership programme with FICCI and ICICI Bank with
strong support received from DIPP, to strengthen the competitive position of Agro-
food Processing and Paper and Pulp industries, increase their share in the regional,
national and international markets by enhancing manufacturing capacity, and
strengthening their technological status as well as value addition to endogenous
resources, employment generation and environmental protection. The project is
providing interventions at support institutional and pilot enterprise level in both
sectors namely Agro-Food Processing and Paper and Pulp Industry taking a two-
phased approach.

The Agro-Food Processing Industry

8.      In the first phase of the project, assistance will be provided in developing the
Food Analysis and Research Center (FARC) in Delhi for food analysis and
consulting, especially in terms of developing branches for testing and analysis in
different states involved in the project. As a result of the specific interventions FARC
will be able to coordinate the training activities for skill development of staff working
in analytical institutions at an international acknowledged level. In Shimla / Himachal
Pradesh, interventions will be provided in the apple processing and value chain. State
level institutions such as Food Testing Laboratory, Horticultural University at Solan
and Institute of Integrated Himalayan Studies at Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla
will be associated and strengthened along with selected units as a part of capacity-
building interventions. In Jalagaon / Maharashtra, banana clusters have been selected
for intervention. Especially in this sector, the post harvest activities are of critical
importance, as the shelf life of the fresh as well as finished products will greatly
improve by the proper handling and transportation.

9.      During the second phase, vegetable sector will be covered in the state of
Karnatka. Main source for national expertise in the selected fields will be CFTRI in
Mysore. The activities undertaken in the first phase of the project will be carried
forward for improved sustainability. In addition the activities will be broadened to the
pomegranates area of Maharashtra, pineapple area of Arunachal Pradesh in the North
East and the cotton clusters in Gujarat. Specific interventions are also foreseen in the
selected vegetable sub sector.

The Paper and Pulp Industry

10.     In the first phase of the project, technical assistance will be provided to
strengthen Central paper and Pulp Research Institute (CPPRI) at Saharanpur (UP) in
energy auditing methodologies and waste management techniques. A training
curriculum and related training material will be developed and disseminated to
sensitize experts, planners and managers of selected paper mills about significance of
energy efficiency measures and clean technologies in paper and pulp sector. To begin
with, paper and pulp mills in Uttaranchal will be identified and selected for carrying
out diagnostic studies and energy audits, identification of barriers (technical, financial
and social) to introduce waste management technologies, raw material quality and


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quality control processes e.g. demonstration and adaptation under local conditions to
show their competitiveness and enhanced performance in consultation with the key
Stakeholders. It will be followed by demonstration of new energy efficient
technologies and waste management processes introduced in selected paper mills
units, lessons learned and dissemination of results.

11.     Steps will be taken to review the present status of existing policies and
regulations, and to identify barriers/gaps in promoting energy efficient technologies
and quality standards in paper and pulp mills. The project will assist in formulating
incentives and policy changes that would facilitate accelerated adoption of energy
efficient technologies and waste management processes in paper and pulp mills.
Establishing common testing facility at CPPRI, market linkages and networking with
R&D institutions to ensure their active participation in the technology up-gradation
and diffusion will be a part of integrated approach to be adopted to enhance the
competitiveness of paper and pulp SSI sector. During the second phase, paper and
pulp units in Western U.P. will be covered to replicate the results achieved in
Uttaranchal Pradesh.

Quality Component

12.      Quality component will be an integral part of first two components. In
specific, steps will be taken to establish an Inter-Regional Centre on Global
Competitiveness for training and application of quality tools among SSI units. To
begin with, main focus will be on food processing and paper and pulp enterprises,
which will be extended to other enterprises and sectors as well. Among other
activities, training programmes on GMP, GHP, HACCP will be coordinated through
the Inter-Regional Centre and several industrial enterprises certified for ISO 9000,
14,000, and strategic cost management tools applied in the selected clusters.

13.     In addition, existing support institutions in the selected states will be assessed
during the first phase of the project in terms of their capacity and capability but also
their potential to act as testing and consulting centre for the selected products and
services. Their development, strengthening and up-gradation will be implemented in
the second phase. Through joint activities, FARC and CPPRI would be able to
establish branches prepared to reach accreditation in selected areas of their work.

IV.    CONCLUSIONS

14.     It is expected that the Joint business partnership programme between FICCI,
DIPP and UNIDO would benefit both key sectors namely Food Processing and Pulp
& Paper a lot through field interventions and technical assistance activities. UNIDO’s
focused interventions would, among others, include technology up-gradation, quality
and standards testing facilities and market linkages for entering global value chain.
One of the innovative features of the proposed business partnership programme will
be to set up a Technology Centre for Business Partnerships (TCBP) at FICCI, which
will primarily aim at coordinating as well as acting as a clearing house
mechanism/facility to support technology transfer and innovations for enhancing
productivity and competitiveness in selected enterprises and industrial units.




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V.     THE PRESENTATION

15.     The side event aims at presenting the experience and results of this major
technical cooperation programme between UNIDO, FICCI and DIPP in India on
completion of its first year of implementation. The initial results of business
partnership programme are being presented as an illustration of UNIDO’s approach
in the critical area of private sector development, besides demonstrating the potential
advantages of forging business partnerships, cooperation and networking in key
industrial areas such as Food Processing and Pulp & Paper sectors. It is intended to
serve as a model for similar projects that would serve other industrial sectors as well.

16.    The presentation will consist of the following:

           •    Introduction to the Business Partnership Programme
           •    Brief overview of the key components
           •    Presentation on initial results and achievements
           •    Follow-up and future steps
           •    Discussion


Participants:   Indian Delegation (DIPP/FICCI)
                UNIDO Programme team
                Delegates and participants


Duration: Two hours


Documentations: Brief summary of the project document and brochures produced
under the project will be made available during the side event.




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