Neo Analytic Personality Perspective

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					Neo-Analytic Personality
     Perspective:
  Because “Freud Did Enough Coke
       to Kill a Small Horse”
         (Goodwill Hunting)
    Definition of Neo-Analytic
     Personality Perspective
Primary goal of neo-Freudians was to
establish psychoanalysis as legitimate,
scientific psychology
“They did so by translating, simplifying,
and operationally defining Freudian
notions, by encouraging the experimental
investigation of psychoanalytic hypotheses
and by modifying psychoanalytic
psychotherapy” (Steele, 1985).
Belief Regarding Basic Nature
Largely instinctual, including both life
(Libido) and death (Thanatos) instincts
Based on aggressive and sexual impulses
Presupposes a negative view of human
beings – human beings are something to
be fixed
    Choice vs. Determinism
Both choice and determinism play roles
Determinism- associated with unconscious
actions (e.g., dreams, defense
mechanisms) to protect the individual
Choice- clients must be willing participants
in therapy in efforts to uncover
subconscious conflicts
             Structures
Id, ego, superego (as just discussed by Yi
and Mike)
    Notable Neo-Analysts
Anna Freud (1895-1982)
Carl Jung (1875-1961)
Alfred Adler (1870-1937)
Karen Horney (1885-1952)
Erik Erikson (1902-1994)
            Anna Freud
Applied Freud’s theories to working with
children
Utilized play materials and observations of
children in the home setting
             Carl Jung
The yodeling Hugh Hefner of
Psychoanalysis
Once good friends with Sigmund Freud,
he developed analytical psychology (which
opposed many of Freud’s ideas) after their
falling out
Collective Unconscious
Archetypes
Extraversion and Psychological Types
            Alfred Adler
Individual Psychology and Social Interest
Inferiority Feelings
Style of Life
Creative Power of the Self
Birth Order
         Karen Horney
Basic Anxiety
Disagreements with Freud
Neurotic Needs
Idealized Self-Image
           Erik Erikson
Identity Crisis
Psychosocial Stages of Development
Male-Female Personality Differences
     Guidelines for Assessing
            Personality
Therapeutic case studies
“Data” collected largely based on self-
report
    Guidelines for Intervention
Therapy
   Later Neo-analysts (Horney, Erikson)
    supported more of a “client-controlled” form of
    therapy, in which the client’s thoughts and
    actions are not determined
   Growth is directed by the individual
               Assets
Work of Jung on personality types used in
developing the Myers-Briggs Type
Indicator
Freud, along with the neo-analysts,
provided much “food for thought” and
motivated much psychological research,
even if it was simply in efforts to prove
them wrong
             Limitations
Attempts to make psychoanalysis a more
legitimate, scientific discipline largely a
failure
Hypotheses generated from theories are
untestable
               Case Study
Anna Freud
   According to herself – dreams of incestuous
    father-daughter love relationship definitely
    suggest an Electra Complex
   According to Jung – there is no
    Oedipus/Electra complex; her persona is one
    which shows support for her father’s theories;
    her dreams and self-reports are
    manifestations of the shadow
            Case Study cont.
   According to Adler – early in her life, she was the
    least-favored girl in her family; she suffered from an
    inferiority complex, which was set in place at or
    before the age of 4-5, and determined her style of life
   According to Horney – she suffered from basic
    anxiety caused by an insecure attachment to her
    parents at a young age
   According to Erikson – she was stuck at a
    psychosocial stage – Intimacy vs. Isolation (she never
    married, never had children, and fixated on her father
    throughout her life)
            References
Schultz, D.P., & Schultz, S.C. (2000). A
History of Modern Psychology (7th ed.).
Philadelphia: Harcourt College
Publishers.
http://carlisle.unn.ac.uk/CHP/Psychology/Y
ear1/personality/persona4.htm

				
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