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					                    Verbs level 3
                                 By Francisco Nieto Salazar




Includes: regular/irregular , plural, present, future, past perfect,
subject-verb agreement, prepositional phrases
                     Verbs
Present: The present tense expresses an action
happening now, or that happens regularly.
I walk
You walk
She walks
He walks
They walk
We walk
                       Verbs
Present: The present tense expresses an action
happening now, or that happens regularly.
I walk                                        I watch
You walk                                      You watch
She walks                    Third person
                             singular use     She watches
He walks                     -s or -es
                                              He watches
They walk       Use –es, with words           They watch
                that end in : x , ch, sh, s
We walk                                       We watch
                     Verbs
       wash
1. I _________ my car with soap and water, and
sometimes my sister ________ too.
                      washes
                         boxes
2. Mike Tyson no longer ________.
3. My mother still ________ my little sister, but I
                    dresses
     dress
can ______ myself.
4. I _______ to school by myself, but my brother
still _______ with my mother. Sometimes we _____
at my aunt’s house and _____ dinner on the way
home. My aunt ______ to cook Chinese food, but I
don’t ______ it so much.
                      Verbs
Correct the errors:
Sometimes we watches a movie and buys
popcorn. My little brother Carlos is allergic and
feels sick when he eats it. Still, we have a good
time and love horror movies the most. My
grandparents comes too, and they enjoys
themselves.
                      Verbs
Correct the errors:
Sometimes we watches a movie and buys
popcorn. My little brother Carlos is allergic and
feels sick when he eats it. Still, we have a good
time and love horror movies the most. My
grandparents comes too, and they enjoys
themselves.
                   Past Tense
     regular                irregular
Can be made by adding      Don’t follow rules
–d, or -ed                 present:   past:
Completed = complete + d   Win        Won
Traveled = travel + ed     Say        Said
Formed = form + ed         Write      Wrote
                           Read       Read
                           fly        flew
              Irregular verbs
Change the following present tense verbs into the past.
Bring --              tell --                 Grow --
Hold --              Send --                  Freeze --
Give --              Spend --                 Take --
Sit --               Build --                 Steal --
Teach --             Buy --                   Wear --
Think --             Keep --                  Do --
Swim --              Sleep --                 Rise --
Sell --              Choose --                Shake --
               Irregular verbs
Change the following present tense verbs into the past.
Bring -- brought      tell -- told            Grow -- grew
Hold -- held         Send -- sent             Freeze -- froze
Give -- gave         Spend -- spent           Take -- took
Sit -- sat           Build -- built           Steal -- stole
Teach -- taught      Buy -- bought            Wear -- wore
Think -- thought     Keep -- kept             Do -- did
Swim -- swam         Sleep -- slept           Rise -- rose
Sell -- sold         Choose -- chose          Shake -- shook
              Irregular verbs
Choose five irregular verbs and write a sentence in the past.


1. Last year…
2. Yesterday…
3. Last Christmas…
4. Earlier this week…
5. When I woke up this morning…
                                Verbs
Helping verbs/ auxiliary verbs: appear with main verb in perfect
  tenses, and include have, has, had

Present Perfect:        includes part of the past and into the
  present:    Helping verb (present)
                                       main verb (past)

Mr. Lewis has retired from sports.

The ice skaters have practiced all week for the show.

The dancers have __________ all week for the __________.

I have __________ all week for my science test.
                              Verbs
Past Perfect:          action began and ended before another event in
  the past.
The ice skater had fallen twice before the song was over.
 helping verb (past)         main verb (past)

Monica had taken all of her pictures out before her house burned.

Edwin had cleaned all of his ______ before his mom arrived.

Selene had ________ __________ before ______________.
                            Verbs
Future Perfect:     describes action that will begin and end
  before another future event.
By the time we get home, the game will have ended.
                  helping verb (future)
                         helping (present)      main verb (past)


When they finally arrive, we will have eaten all the food.

When I finally _______, I will have finished all the _______.

By the time Samuel _______, he will ______ finished all the
  _______.
                         Verbs
Present perfect.                                Notice this –ing!


 1. The lunch attendant ____ ______ cleaning the kitchen.
                         has  been

2. My mother’s car ____ ______ working properly.
                     has      been

3. Rufus’ dogs ____ _______ chewing on the furniture.
                have     been

4. ____________has ________________________.
5. ____________has ________________________.
6.                 has eaten ____________________.
7.                have taken ___________________.
                          Verbs
Past Perfect
 1. Before sunrise my mother ____ _____ my birthday cake.
 2. By the time we got home, our dog Rufus ____ _____ all the
    curtains.
 3. Before I ____ even _____ talking, my sister ____ already ____
 crying.
4. Before recess started yesterday, my teacher ____ already
   _____ ______________ .
 5. By 3:00 am all of the _______ ___ _______ _____.....

 6. You may _____ already ______ this _____ last ______.
                           Verbs
Past Perfect
 1. Before sunrise my mother ____ _____ my birthday cake.
                                 had  baked

 2. By the time we got home, our dog Rufus ____ _____ all the
                                            had  destroyed

    curtains.
 3. Before I ____ even _____ talking, my sister ____ already ____
              had       finished                 had          started

 crying.
4. Before recess started yesterday, my teacher ____ already
                                                had

   _____ ______________ .
 5. By 3:00 am all of the _______ ___ _______ _____.....
                                   had


 6. You may _____ already ______ this _____ last ______.
                        Verbs
Future Perfect
1. When they finally arrive we __________ finished our meal.
                                will have seen

2. ___________________________________________.
                                   seen


3. ___________________________________________.


4. ___________________________________________.

5. By 3:00 am all of the _______ ___ _______ _____.

6. You may _____ already ______ this _____ last ______.
                           Verbs
Present Perfect
1. We have played soccer.
2. She has eaten pizza.             seen

3. He has learned to swim .
4. They have practiced their spelling words.
5. I have wet my bed.
                         Verbs
Past Perfect
Present Perfect
1. She had fallen down before ….
2. They had gone home before ... seen
3. I wanted another ice cream before…
4. He made a mess before…
5. We took the last one before…
                           Verbs
Future Perfect
PresentPerfect
By the time I get home…
1. I will have played recess .    seen

2. I will have finished my work.
3. he will have been home.
4. they will have played video games.
5. the show will have ended.
                         Verbs
Practice dialogues
Present Perfect

    What’s wrong?
             I’m so tired.
   Why are you tired?
             I have studied for three days
                straight!
   Do you have a test or something?
         I have a test coming up on Friday on the
            history of bubble gum.
                          Verbs
Practice dialogue
Present Perfect
   For what class?
            For Mr. Nieto’s class

   I have taken his class before
              Then you have taken the test also!
  Subject-Verb agreement
Verbs have to agree with their subject
I take…                  make    dance   box   fly
                 I       make
She takes…       He      makes
                 She
                 They
                 We
                 Pedro
  Subject-Verb agreement
Plural subjects have plural verbs and singular
  subjects have singular verbs
                                                     fly
   A teacher punishes a student.    The teachers punish a student.
                                        Plural     Plural
    Singular    Singular verb           subject    verb
    subject


   A teacher at Tyrrell Elementary school ________ his students on
   a field trip.
  Subject-Verb agreement
Agreement with prepositional phrases…
 Across the street is my aunt’s house.        Prepositional phrases
                                              begin withflyacross,
                                                         :
             verb             subject         before, during…


  Here ____ the buildings that the ancient Romans built.

 Agreement in interrogative sentences:
      Helping                              Helping
                       main verb                             main verb
      verb                                 verb

  Does your PSP work?                    Do your video games work?
           Subject singular                 Plural subject
      Prepositional Phrases
A preposition shows relationship between a noun
 or a pronoun to another word in the sentence.
         The animal near the fire could not escape.
 about                before          for             on
 above                behind          from            onto
 across               below           in              outside
 after                beside          inside          since
 against              between         instead of      through
 along                by              into            under
 Among                down            near            until
 at                   during          off             with
    Prepositional Phrases
a preposition in a sentence always has an OBJECT.
     The car behind my house caught fire.
                           object

Practice: Find the preposition and its object
 A large rock tumbled down the mountain.
 I feel lost without my GPS.
 Since I got home nothing has gone right

 I got bored during the baseball game.
     Prepositional Phrases
Under my desk there was a ball.


Below my house there is an apartment

After school I ran towards my house.


The cat is above the couch.

 I feel full after dinner.

				
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