Verbs level 3 By Francisco Nieto Salazar Includes: regular/irregular , plural, present, future, past perfect, subject-verb agreement, prepositional phrases Verbs Present: The present tense expresses an action happening now, or that happens regularly. I walk You walk She walks He walks They walk We walk Verbs Present: The present tense expresses an action happening now, or that happens regularly. I walk I watch You walk You watch She walks Third person singular use She watches He walks -s or -es He watches They walk Use –es, with words They watch that end in : x , ch, sh, s We walk We watch Verbs wash 1. I _________ my car with soap and water, and sometimes my sister ________ too. washes boxes 2. Mike Tyson no longer ________. 3. My mother still ________ my little sister, but I dresses dress can ______ myself. 4. I _______ to school by myself, but my brother still _______ with my mother. Sometimes we _____ at my aunt’s house and _____ dinner on the way home. My aunt ______ to cook Chinese food, but I don’t ______ it so much. Verbs Correct the errors: Sometimes we watches a movie and buys popcorn. My little brother Carlos is allergic and feels sick when he eats it. Still, we have a good time and love horror movies the most. My grandparents comes too, and they enjoys themselves. Verbs Correct the errors: Sometimes we watches a movie and buys popcorn. My little brother Carlos is allergic and feels sick when he eats it. Still, we have a good time and love horror movies the most. My grandparents comes too, and they enjoys themselves. Past Tense regular irregular Can be made by adding Don’t follow rules –d, or -ed present: past: Completed = complete + d Win Won Traveled = travel + ed Say Said Formed = form + ed Write Wrote Read Read fly flew Irregular verbs Change the following present tense verbs into the past. Bring -- tell -- Grow -- Hold -- Send -- Freeze -- Give -- Spend -- Take -- Sit -- Build -- Steal -- Teach -- Buy -- Wear -- Think -- Keep -- Do -- Swim -- Sleep -- Rise -- Sell -- Choose -- Shake -- Irregular verbs Change the following present tense verbs into the past. Bring -- brought tell -- told Grow -- grew Hold -- held Send -- sent Freeze -- froze Give -- gave Spend -- spent Take -- took Sit -- sat Build -- built Steal -- stole Teach -- taught Buy -- bought Wear -- wore Think -- thought Keep -- kept Do -- did Swim -- swam Sleep -- slept Rise -- rose Sell -- sold Choose -- chose Shake -- shook Irregular verbs Choose five irregular verbs and write a sentence in the past. 1. Last year… 2. Yesterday… 3. Last Christmas… 4. Earlier this week… 5. When I woke up this morning… Verbs Helping verbs/ auxiliary verbs: appear with main verb in perfect tenses, and include have, has, had Present Perfect: includes part of the past and into the present: Helping verb (present) main verb (past) Mr. Lewis has retired from sports. The ice skaters have practiced all week for the show. The dancers have __________ all week for the __________. I have __________ all week for my science test. Verbs Past Perfect: action began and ended before another event in the past. The ice skater had fallen twice before the song was over. helping verb (past) main verb (past) Monica had taken all of her pictures out before her house burned. Edwin had cleaned all of his ______ before his mom arrived. Selene had ________ __________ before ______________. Verbs Future Perfect: describes action that will begin and end before another future event. By the time we get home, the game will have ended. helping verb (future) helping (present) main verb (past) When they finally arrive, we will have eaten all the food. When I finally _______, I will have finished all the _______. By the time Samuel _______, he will ______ finished all the _______. Verbs Present perfect. Notice this –ing! 1. The lunch attendant ____ ______ cleaning the kitchen. has been 2. My mother’s car ____ ______ working properly. has been 3. Rufus’ dogs ____ _______ chewing on the furniture. have been 4. ____________has ________________________. 5. ____________has ________________________. 6. has eaten ____________________. 7. have taken ___________________. Verbs Past Perfect 1. Before sunrise my mother ____ _____ my birthday cake. 2. By the time we got home, our dog Rufus ____ _____ all the curtains. 3. Before I ____ even _____ talking, my sister ____ already ____ crying. 4. Before recess started yesterday, my teacher ____ already _____ ______________ . 5. By 3:00 am all of the _______ ___ _______ _____..... 6. You may _____ already ______ this _____ last ______. Verbs Past Perfect 1. Before sunrise my mother ____ _____ my birthday cake. had baked 2. By the time we got home, our dog Rufus ____ _____ all the had destroyed curtains. 3. Before I ____ even _____ talking, my sister ____ already ____ had finished had started crying. 4. Before recess started yesterday, my teacher ____ already had _____ ______________ . 5. By 3:00 am all of the _______ ___ _______ _____..... had 6. You may _____ already ______ this _____ last ______. Verbs Future Perfect 1. When they finally arrive we __________ finished our meal. will have seen 2. ___________________________________________. seen 3. ___________________________________________. 4. ___________________________________________. 5. By 3:00 am all of the _______ ___ _______ _____. 6. You may _____ already ______ this _____ last ______. Verbs Present Perfect 1. We have played soccer. 2. She has eaten pizza. seen 3. He has learned to swim . 4. They have practiced their spelling words. 5. I have wet my bed. Verbs Past Perfect Present Perfect 1. She had fallen down before …. 2. They had gone home before ... seen 3. I wanted another ice cream before… 4. He made a mess before… 5. We took the last one before… Verbs Future Perfect PresentPerfect By the time I get home… 1. I will have played recess . seen 2. I will have finished my work. 3. he will have been home. 4. they will have played video games. 5. the show will have ended. Verbs Practice dialogues Present Perfect What’s wrong? I’m so tired. Why are you tired? I have studied for three days straight! Do you have a test or something? I have a test coming up on Friday on the history of bubble gum. Verbs Practice dialogue Present Perfect For what class? For Mr. Nieto’s class I have taken his class before Then you have taken the test also! Subject-Verb agreement Verbs have to agree with their subject I take… make dance box fly I make She takes… He makes She They We Pedro Subject-Verb agreement Plural subjects have plural verbs and singular subjects have singular verbs fly A teacher punishes a student. The teachers punish a student. Plural Plural Singular Singular verb subject verb subject A teacher at Tyrrell Elementary school ________ his students on a field trip. Subject-Verb agreement Agreement with prepositional phrases… Across the street is my aunt’s house. Prepositional phrases begin withflyacross, : verb subject before, during… Here ____ the buildings that the ancient Romans built. Agreement in interrogative sentences: Helping Helping main verb main verb verb verb Does your PSP work? Do your video games work? Subject singular Plural subject Prepositional Phrases A preposition shows relationship between a noun or a pronoun to another word in the sentence. The animal near the fire could not escape. about before for on above behind from onto across below in outside after beside inside since against between instead of through along by into under Among down near until at during off with Prepositional Phrases a preposition in a sentence always has an OBJECT. The car behind my house caught fire. object Practice: Find the preposition and its object A large rock tumbled down the mountain. I feel lost without my GPS. Since I got home nothing has gone right I got bored during the baseball game. Prepositional Phrases Under my desk there was a ball. Below my house there is an apartment After school I ran towards my house. The cat is above the couch. I feel full after dinner.