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Verb Tenses

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					Verb Tenses
Verb Tenses

   The principal
    parts of verbs
    are the
    present,
    present
    participle, past,
    past participle,
    and future.
Verb Tenses
    The tense of a verb
     indicates the time of
     the action or state of
     being expressed by
     the verb.
Present Tense
        Present Tense
         indicates an action
         in the present.

        Examples:
          Now the class
           begins.
          She walks to
           class.
Present Participle
   Participles are used with a helping verb
    in front (am, is, are, was, were)

   The present participle is usually formed
    by adding –ing to the present form.
      Jumping, walking



   Most verbs that end in –e drop the e
    before adding the –ing.
      Hope  Hoping



   Some verbs double the final consonant
    before adding –ing.
      Hug  Hugging
Past
   The past tense indicates an action
    that occurred in the past.

   The past tense is usually formed
    by adding –d or –ed to the present
    form.

   Example: We wanted to see the
    show.
Past Participles
   Participles are formed with a
    helping verb in front of it (have,
    had, has)

   Past participles can be used an
    adjective or modifier.

   The past participle of regular verbs
    is formed by adding –d or –ed to
    the present form.

   Example: Since the dishes were
    washed, we left the kitchen.
Practice


   Page 221
    Exercise
       1
               Future
   The future tense indicates an action
    in the future.

   In the future tense the word will is
    used with the verb. Sometimes
    shall is used when the pronoun I or
    we is the subject.

   Examples:
      He will go to school tomorrow.

      Susan will cook spaghetti
       tonight.
Irregular Verbs
   An irregular verb forms its past and
    past participle some other way
    than adding –d or –ed to the end of
    the verb.

   There are many irregular verbs
    (about 250).
Common Irregular Verbs
    Finish the table in your notes by using the chart
     in your textbook. (Page 223-226)


Present      Present        Past          Past
             Participle                   Participle
Be           Is             Was,          been
                            were
Drink        Drinking       Drank         Drunk
Eat          Eating   Ate                 Eaten
See          Seeing   Saw                 Seen
Swim         Swimming Swam                Swum
Practice
     Page 224 Exercise 2

     Page 227 Exercise 3
Verb Tense

   The tense of
    a verb tells
    when it is
    happening.
    (past,
    present and
    future)
IMPORTANT
   Do NOT change needlessly from
    one tense to another. Tenses
    should remain consistent.

   Example:
     Inconsistent: When we go to the
      movies, we bought some popcorn.
     Consistent: When we go to the
      movies, we buy some popcorn.
     Consistent: When we went to the
      movies, we bought some popcorn.
Practice
   Page 232
    Exercise 4
   Page 228 Review A
   Page 229 Review B
Sit / Set
Sit – to be seated
Set – to put something somewhere


   Base   Present       Past     Past
          Participle           Participle
  Sit     Sitting      Sat     (have)
                               sat
  Set     Setting      Set     (have)
                               set
Sit / Set
Examples: (write the sentence and fill
   in the blank with the correct
   word)
1. I am ________ at my desk.
2. I have _______ all morning.
3. I am ________ my pencil on my
   desk.
4. I have _______ my pencil on my
   desk.
Sit / Set
Examples: (write the sentence and fill
   in the blank with the correct
   word)
1. I am sitting at my desk.
2. I have sat all morning.
3. I am setting my pencil on my
   desk.
4. I have set my pencil on my desk
Practice

   Page 235
    Exercise 6
Rise / Raise
   Rise – to go up
   Raise – to lift something up


     Base    Present       Past      Past
             Participle            Participle

    Rise     (is) rising Rose      (have)
                                   risen

    Raise    Raising      Raised (have)
                                 raised
Rise / Raise
Examples: (write the sentence and fill
   in the blank with the correct
   word)
1. I am ________ from my desk.
2. I _______ from my desk.
3. I have ______ from my desk.
4. I am ________ my hand.
5. I have _______ my hand.
Rise / Raise
Examples: (write the sentence and fill
   in the blank with the correct
   word)
1. I am rising from my desk.
2. I rise from my desk.
3. I have risen from my desk.
4. I am raising my hand.
5. I have raised my hand.
Practice

   Page 236
    Exercise 7
Lie / Lay
   Lie – to recline
   Lay – to put something down



     Base    Present       Past     Past
             Participle           Participle
    Lie     (is) lying    Lay     (have)
                                  lain
    Lay     (is) laying Laid      (have)
                                  laid
Practice
1.   Grandma is (lying, laying) down.
2.   I should go (lie, lay) down, too.
3.   The silverware is (lying, laying)
     on the table.
4.   I don’t know where I (lay, laid) my
     keys.
5.   I should have (lain, laid) them on
     the table.
6.   I should have (lain, laid) down an
     hour ago.
Practice

   Page 238 Exercise 8

   Page 239 Review C

				
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