Navy Study Guide Printable VERSION Compartment Sentry Report 1. Hand Salute - Drop hand after salute is returned. 2. Good (Afternoon, Morning, Evening) Sir or Ma'am. 3. Sound Off. Name, Rate, Division Watch, Division # 4. May I see your military identification, Sir or Ma'am. 5. May I be of assistance to you, Sir or Ma'am. Phonetic Alphabet A ALPHA B BRAVO C CHARLIE D DELTA E ECHO F FOXTROT G GOLF H HOTEL I INDIA J JULIET K KILO L LIMA M MIKE N NOVEMBER O OSCAR P PAPA Q QUEBEC R ROMEO S SIERRA T TANGO U UNIFORM V VICTOR W WHISKEY X X-RAY Y YANKEE Z ZULU General Orders NOTE: Memorize the following Eleven General Orders of a Sentry. 1. To take charge of this post and all government property in view. 2. To walk my post in a military manner, keeping always on the alert, and observing everything that takes place within sight or hearing. 3. To report all violations of orders I am instructed to enforce. 4. To repeat all calls from posts more distant from the guard house than my own. 5. To quit my post only when properly relieved. 6. To receive, obey and pass on to the sentry who relieves me, all orders from the Commanding Officer, Command Duty Officer, Officer of the Deck, and Officers and Petty Officers of the Watch. 7. To talk to no one except in the line of duty. 8. To give the alarm in case of fire or disorder. 9. To call the Officer of the Deck in any case not covered by instructions. 10. To salute all officers and all colors and standards not cased. 11. To be especially watchful at night, and, during the time for challenging, to challenge all persons on or near my post and to allow no one to pass without proper authority. You will be required to quote any one of, or all of your Eleven General Orders of a Sentry from memory anytime, anywhere and to anyone, by the fifth day of the first week of training. It is imperative that you learn the Eleven General Orders of a Sentry while you are in DEP prior to your departure for Recruit Training. This will give you an advantage over others in your division and will provide some valuable time to perform additional required items your first few days in boot camp. Chain of Command One of the first things you will need to know is the Chain of Command. The Chain of Command is used to maintain good communications within the Navy, and you will use it in everything you do. Your Chain of Command in recruit training is as follows: Recruit Recruit Chief Petty Officer (RCPO) Recruit Division Commander (RDC) Ship's Leading Chief Petty Officer (SLCPO) Ship's Officer (SO) Fleet Commander Director of Training Executive Officer, Recruit Training Command (XO, RTC) Commanding Officer, Recruit Training Command (CO, RTC)--Command Master Chief, Recruit Training Command Commander, Naval Training Center (COM, NTC)--Command Master Chief, Naval Training Center Chief of Naval Education and Training (CNET) Chief of Naval Operations (CNO)--Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy/Force Master Chief(s) of the Navy Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV) Secretary of Defense (SECDEF) Vice President of the United States President of the United States Navy Leadership Leadership is the act of accomplishing the Navy's mission through people. That quality applies to all people, even to those of you who have yet to be rated. Whether you are an apprentice, a chief petty officer, a division officer or a commanding officer, you need the ability to assume responsibility and exercise authority within the chain of command. As you advance to higher ranks, you will be given more authority and responsibility as a leader. Now is the time to learn what leadership is all about. Three Elements to Navy Leadership You've most likely heard the expression, "Leaders are born, not made," or someone may have said, "That person is a born leader." There is no such thing as a born leader. Many people seem to be natural leaders because they have strong, magnetic personalities, or they may have a natural ability to learn rapidly. Those people are exceptions to the rule. Three elements make an effective Navy leader: Developing moral principles: When we speak of moral principles, we think of honesty, integrity and loyalty. The key to leadership is the emphasis placed on personal moral responsibility. When you continually prove you are honest and loyal, your shipmates and subordinates will notice. Setting a good personal example: You are not automatically respected as a leader just because you have the authority. You must learn to lead, not drive. By setting a good personal example you will earn the respect and confidence of your peers and colleagues. Developing administrative ability: The ability to administrate is not restricted to the maintenance of logs and records and other paper work. Administrative ability is another term for good management practices. These include the ability to organize, manage and work well with people. Always remember that every person is an individual who wants to experience a feeling of worth and accomplishment. You should emphasize the individual's importance in getting the job done. Key to Effective Leadership Loyalty is the key to effective leadership. Therefore, to be an effective leader you must learn how to be a good follower. No matter how high you go in the chain of command someone will always be above you. Even the president (as commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces) is responsible to the people. Always carry out your orders promptly, to the best of your ability, and as cheerfully as possible. You must demonstrate that even when an order is disagreeable or causes personal inconvenience it must be carried out. Among the many qualities of a good follower are loyalty, initiative and dependability. An important thing you should learn is when to praise and when to reprimand. It is human nature for people to do better work when they know their efforts are appreciated. When a person does more than is required, do not hesitate to show your approval, and if possible, in front of the group. On the other hand, you may have to reprimand someone. Remember that the purpose of a reprimand is to teach -- not to embarrass. Therefore, reprimands should be performed in privacy. Espirit de Corps Some units in the Navy have outstanding reputations for professional ability and for always getting their job done. Others can't seem to do anything right. What makes the difference? The answer is simple. The winning outfit has espirit de corps, which means the members in the unit have pride in their organization and in themselves as individuals. You can help your outfit be a winner. Show pride in yourself, the Navy and your leaders. Another way for you to boost morale and help promote espirit de corps is to keep your people informed. Let them know when and why things are happening. This also establishes a foundation for trust between you and your people. Integrity Integrity is very important in a leader. You must always be honest with your superiors, your shipmates and yourself. Never promise to do something you know you can't or don't intend to do. Making promises you can't or won't keep will result in a loss of respect from your shipmates. Without respect you cannot be an effective leader. Naval History Navies are born out of a spirit of independence and under the threat of war, nurtured into maturity by the urgent demands of defense and sharpened by conflict. So it was with the first American Navy. The Second Continental Congress met on May 10, 1775 while the colonists were continuing their battle with the British. Before long, it became clear to Congress that if the colonies were to survive they would need a navy. On Oct. 13, 1775, the Second Continental Congress authorized the purchase of two vessels, thus establishing the first United States Navy. The American colonies were heavily dependent on the sea for their livelihood. Harbors and shipbuilding docks provided livelihood and income to many people. When the conflict between the colonies and England began, the British struck first at the ports. From these ports, the colonies deployed small ships from a hastily organized naval force to harass the mightiest sea power in the world. The principal objective of the colonial fleet was to capture enemy supply and munitions vessels. Fighting with the colonialists were groups of independent fleets called privateers. These fleets were commissioned by the Continental Congress and by individual states to capture enemy merchant ships as prizes of war. A typical vessel used by the privateers was the schooner, a small, fast, flexible, flush- deck ship that carried smooth bore cannons. The schooners broke the British strangle hold on New England harbors, by slipping past the Royal Navy's men-of-war and hiding in inlets. Unable to meet the British head-on, the American ships outmaneuvered them, striking the enemy ships in strategic places. With the end of the Revolutionary War, followed by the establishment of a new federal government, the infant U.S. Navy went into decline. By war's end, in 1783, the Navy was down to five ships. These ships were disbanded shortly thereafter, with the frigate Alliance, the last of them, being sold in 1785. However, it wasn't long before the need for a new Navy was realized. America's small merchant fleet was being molested on the high seas. In 1794, a Navy-conscious Congress authorized the construction of six frigates. They were to be of a new design -- longer and more heavily armed than traditional frigates. They possessed a combination of firepower and speed. One of these was the USS Constitution, completed in 1798. Rated a 44-gun, it was capable of sailing at 13.5 knots. The Constitution, nicknamed "Old Ironsides", is still in commission and can be seen at the Boston Navy Yard. From its humble beginnings, the Navy has grown to what we are today - a mighty fleet of destroyers, cruisers, frigates, nuclear-powered submarines and aircraft carriers. Naval Customs & Traditions In recruit training you will learn how to wear your Navy uniform properly. However, there is more to being an impressive Sailor than physical appearance. The sharpest looking Sailor will create a poor impression if common naval courtesy is not observed. You will find that Navy life creates many situations not found in civilian life which require special behavior. This lesson will give you some of the more common day-to-day customs, courtesies and traditions and the correct ways to deal with them. The Salute One required act of military courtesy is the salute. Regulations governing its use are founded on military custom deeply rooted in tradition. The salute is a symbol of respect and a sign of comradeship among service personnel. In form, the salute is simple and dignified, but there is great significance in that gesture. It is a time-honored demonstration of courtesy among all military personnel, and it expresses mutual respect and pride in the service. Personnel should never resent nor try to avoid saluting persons entitled to receive the salute. The most common form of salute is the hand salute, but other types, such as gun and rifle salutes, will be discussed in recruit training. When saluting you should: salute properly and smartly. Avoid saluting in a casual or perfunctory manner. A sharp salute is a mark of a sharp Sailor. always use your right hand whenever possible. Use your left hand only if your right hand is injured. Use your left hand to carry objects and leave your right hand free to salute. accompany your salute with a cheerful respectful greeting, e.g., "Good morning, Sir," "Good afternoon, Commander Jones," "Good evening, Chaplain Smith." always salute from the position of attention. If you are walking, you need not stop, but hold yourself erect and square. If on the double, slow to a walk when saluting. look directly into the officer's eyes as you salute. salute all officers who are close enough to be recognized as officers. It is unnecessary to identify an officer by name. However, ensure that he/she is wearing the uniform of an officer. render a verbal greeting if you are carrying something in both hands and cannot render the hand salute. salute officers even if they are uncovered or their hands are occupied. Your salute will be acknowledged by a verbal greeting, like "Good morning," or "Good afternoon." Army and Air Force policy, unlike the Navy's, is to salute when uncovered. Suppose you are in an office with several Army personnel, and all of you are uncovered. An officer enters and the soldiers rise and salute. You should do likewise. To do otherwise would seem ill-mannered or disrespectful. If you are walking with or standing by a commissioned officer, and the occasion for a salute arises, do not salute until the officer salutes. Assume you are walking with a lieutenant. A commander approaches. Do not salute the commander until the lieutenant salutes. As soon as the lieutenant starts to salute, you should quickly do the same. When approaching an officer, start your salute far enough away from the officer to allow time for your salute to be seen and returned. The space can vary but a distance of about six paces is considered adequate. Hold your salute until it is returned or until you are six paces past the officer. As a Sailor, you represent the Navy. People form their opinions of the Navy based on your appearance and actions. Always wear your uniform with pride and conduct yourself in a manner that will reflect credit on you and the Navy. Safety Danger is the constant companion of personnel living and working aboard ship. Navy ships are inherently more dangerous than other ships because of the nature of their missions. Dangers increase in foul weather and times of stress. A comprehensive shipboard safety program greatly reduces the chances for accidents, actually making Navy ships among the safest afloat. Constant awareness of the hazards involved is required of all hands to prevent accidents and to minimize the effects of accidents that happen. Your personal responsibilities for safety, everywhere and at all times, are to: observe all precautions related to your work or duty. report unsafe conditions or any equipment or material you think may be unsafe. warn others of hazards. If you see individuals knowingly or unknowingly placing themselves or others in danger, you must report those actions to someone. wear protective clothing and use safety equipment. report any injury or ill health to your supervisor. be safety conscious. Always remain alert to possible danger. always inspect equipment and associated attachments for damage before using the equipment. Vigilance A shipboard environment introduces factors affecting safety that are not found ashore. Danger exists in every naval operation and aboard every naval vessel. Going to sea involves working with powerful machinery, high-speed equipment, intensely high- temperature-pressure steam, volatile and exotic fuels and propellants, heavy lifts, high explosives, stepped-up electrical voltages and the unpredictable forces of wind and wave. Underway refueling, multi-ship exercises, storms and other situations require personnel at sea to be constantly alert. An accident at sea can involve all hands in a matter of seconds. If you observe unsafe practices report them immediately. Navy personnel must pay special attention to safety measures when they are passengers on small boats. Every Sailor should be thoroughly familiar with boat safety precautions. When you are on, or boarding a boat, you should: obey all orders from the coxswain. embark in a quiet, orderly manner, and move as far forward as possible. Once embarked stay in place. keep all parts of your body in the boat. Do not sit on gunwales. not engage in horseplay. never needlessly distract the attention of crew members from their duties. not sit on life jackets. To do so mats the filler and reduces buoyancy. when instructed, don your life jacket immediately. not smoke in a boat. if told not to embark, or requested to disembark, do so without argument. not panic if a boat swamps or capsizes. Fear can spread quickly from person to person and a terrified person drowns easily. Never strike out alone. Stay with the boat or huddle with other passengers because a large group can be found much easier than individual swimmers. Weather decks of a ship at sea can be extremely hazardous, particularly aboard small vessels. The ship may be level one minute and take a sharp roll the next. At any moment a large wave may submerge the main deck to a depth of several feet, or a wave may come unexpectedly over the fantail. Vigilance is always necessary aboard ship. In foul weather you must be even more alert. If your duties do not require your presence on the main deck, don't go there. Use interior passageways or superstructure decks for moving fore and aft. When you must be on the main deck in foul weather, wear your life jacket. You must always wear an inherently buoyant life jacket whenever you are handling lines or otherwise involved in underway replenishment or transfer operations. Steam and Lifelines Most accidents involving steam occur in engine rooms and firerooms. However, steam lines run throughout a ship; therefore, proper precautions must be observed at all times. Some practices can be applied to almost any situation regardless of the type of equipment, steam pressure or any other job related condition. Live steam is often invisible, and it is always dangerous. If you are not familiar with a system or have not been trained for the task at hand, do not attempt the job. Lifelines refer to lines erected around the edges of decks and serve as safety barriers to prevent personnel from falling or being washed over the side. Never sit, lean or stand on any lifeline. If the ship were to take a sudden roll while you were leaning against a lifeline, you would probably fall overboard. Never remove any lifeline without permission from the proper authority. When removing a lifeline, immediately rig a temporary line. Do not hang or secure any weight to a lifeline. Responsibilities of the Officer of the Deck (OOD) Before any work may be done aloft, permission must be obtained from the officer of the deck. Before granting permission the OOD will ensure that all power on appropriate radio and radar antennas is secured and that controls associated with the antenna are tagged "SECURED. PERSONNEL ALOFT." The OOD will also notify the engineering officer where the personnel will be working so the necessary precaution can be taken to prevent such operations as the lifting of boiler safety valves or the blowing of tubes. After the work has been completed a report is made to the OOD, who in turn, will notify the appropriate officers. Safety Harness When you are working aloft, wear a standard Navy-approved safety harness with a safety line attached. Radio and radar transmissions, even from another ship, can induce a charge in guides, stays, ladders and other metal fittings. If you touch one you may receive a shock. The shock itself may not be dangerous but a natural reaction when shocked is to jerk away. Without a safety harness you could easily fall to the deck. When working over the side, you must wear a standard Navy safety harness with a safety line attached and tended by someone on deck. The line should be only long enough to permit freedom of movement. An inherently buoyant life jacket must be worn over the safety harness. Tools and equipment must be secured to lanyards to prevent losing them overboard or falling on personnel below. General Safety Precautions The precautions that follow are general safety practices. Some apply to several situations. Failure to observe any one of these practices could result in a serious accident. Use tools that fit the work being done. Screwdrivers are not meant to be used as punches. If you are issued protective gear, wear it when performing work for which the gear was designed. Never overload electrical outlets. Keep file drawers closed when they are not in use. Avoid making files top-heavy, and be sure drawer stops are operative. Do not hang extension cords where somebody can be hanged by them. Keep all tools in good condition. Do not watch a welder's arc if you are not wearing dark goggles. Report defective equipment. When you open a hatch always secure it with the equipment provided. Secure all loose articles when heavy weather is expected. Take heed of all warning signs, like high voltage, stack gas and RF hazard. Never smoke in NO SMOKING areas when the smoking lamp is out, when painting or when handling ammunition or flammables. Follow good housekeeping practices at all times. Do not allow loose gear to accumulate where it might present a tripping hazard. Learn and follow all safety precautions for the job you are doing.
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