Projcet Plan Template for the Training by ulu37646

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									  Acceptance of Offer to Participate in the Pilot Program for Climate
  Resilience

1. Country or countries submitting PPCR Acceptance of Offer to Participate: Bangladesh
2. Name of Government and /or Regional Agency (ies) submitting Acceptane :

 Response : Government of the Peoples‟ Republic of Bangladesh
3. Name and contact information of designated CIF Government Focal Point (s) :

 Response :      Mr. Mohammad Mejbahuddin
                 Additional Secretary
                 Economic Relations Division
                 Phone : 8112684 (work)
                         8857812( Res)
                     01552100027 (cell)
4. Please provide a short confirmation of your country’s willingness and commitment to
being a pilot country under the PPCR :

Response : The Government of Bangladesh hereby reconfirms its willingness and commitment to
being a pilot country under the PPCR.
5. Who was consulted and involved in preparing this Acceptance?

Response : All relevant Ministries and Divisions across the Government including the Ministry of
Environment and Forest, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Food and Disaster Management,
Planning Division were consulted in preparing this Template.

6. What would be the primary goal and objectives for the PPCR in your Country (ies)? ( if
available , please attach a short list of projects/ programs already identified or under
development that would be relevant to delivering these objectives)

Response : As indicated in the design of PPCR, two types of activities are planned to be
supported under PPCR over the next three to five years in recipient countries. The first type will
provide support for technical assistance to enable developing countries to build upon existing
national work, including the National Communications and NAPAs, to integrate climate resilience
into core development plans and financing . And the second type of support will provide
additional financial resources to help fund public and private sector investments identified in the
climate resilient development plans.

Bangladesh is in the final stage of developing its Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan
(CCSAP). Climate has already been integrated in the country‟s all development planning
documents like the Draft National Strategy for Accelerated Poverty Reduction (NSAPR-II), which
is in the final stage of review, based on which programmes and projects in Annual Development
Programmes (ADP ) are identifed for implementation. The draft NASPR-II Framework outlines
five supporting strategies, which complement the strategic blocks. One of the supporting strategies
entitled „caring for the environment and tackling climate change’ lays out the vision to achieve
environmental sustainability in Bangladesh.
Further details of climate integration in the country‟s planning documents and strategies are
narrated against question no 7. Therefore, Bangladesh is in a ready position to receive support
under PPCR which will provide additional financial resources to help investments identified in
various national strategies .

A list of projects is attached in Annex-1 which have been included in the country‟s Annual
Development programme (2008-09) for implementation.

Annex II shows the list of projects which are particularly important for addressing impact of
climate change in agriculture sector. The ultimate objectives of all these programmes and projects
are to increase overall production for food security, poverty alleviation, upliftment of nutritional
status and mitigate adverse effects of climate change in the country through ecologically adapted
varieties which have positive impact on environment. “National Agriculture Policy 1999” of the
country has already taken climate related issues into account.

Other than that, the specific sector needs have also been identified in the Draft Climate Change
Strategy and Action Plan (CCSAP). Annex III shows the list of priority projects in the light of
the country‟s draft CCSAP.

7. (a) Briefly Outline the current status of integration of climate change into your national
policies and development plans.

Response: The Draft National Strategy for Accelerated Poverty Reduction (NSAPR), which is in
the final stage of review and acceptance, is the overarching strategy, laying out the broad
directions and long-term goals with regard to economic development including accounting for the
issue of climate change. The sectoral strategies have been developed within the broad guidelines
of the draft NSAPR. In case of Bangladesh, the NSAPR and Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy
and Action Plan (BCCSAP) both of which are now at the final stage of revision process.
Therefore, it has made possible to reflect the climate change isses in the national development
strategy. The Medium term Budgetary Framework (MTBF) includes program/projects consistent
with sectoral plans vis-a-vis national plan and allocate indicative budget for each of the activities.
A further detail of the program or projects is worked out during preparation of Annual
Development program (ADP). In that respect Climate change program/ projects implemented by
the line ministries or agencies are well integrated with sectoral road map as well as national
strategy. The Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Environment and Forest are
coordinating their efforts to support all other sectoral ministries to incorporate climate change
adaptation issues in their projcet portfolios.


(b) Which existing national and sectoral strategies and programs are particularly relevant in
your country (ies) for the process of integrating climate resilience into development planning
(including the National Adaptation Program of Action or NAPA)?

Response : The following strategy and programs are relevant for the process of integrating climate
resilience into development planning:



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Draft National Strategy for Accelerated Poverty Reduction –II ( NSAPR-II)

Bangladesh is in the final stage of developing its NSAPR- II (FY 2009-2011) after necessary
review.

The NASPR is based on four strategic pillars and also includes five supporting strategies to
complement the strategic blocks. One of the supporting strategies is concerned with tackling the
environmental challenges in the country. It emphasizes mainstreaming and strengthening climate
change adaptation across various sectors, e.g. improved crops, watershed and coastal zone
management including aforestation, cyclone shelters, embankments, salinity control measures,
public awareness, climate research and data collection.

Taking into consideration the current challenges in caring for the environment and combating
pollution and contamination, suggested policies and strategies are grouped under four headings:

(i) policy related
- Integrate principles of sustainable development in national and sectoral plans, policies
  and programmes and the regulatory frameworks
- Integration of environmental issues into policies and plans
-Improving living environment in the slums

(ii) Planning related
-Ensure good governance in environment and natural resources management
-Strengthen the process of environmental analysis such as Environmental impact assessment (EIA)
in project design and implementation
Sustainable land management

(iii) Regulations
-Control of Industrial pollution
-Control of air pollution in major metropolitan cities and rural settings
-Control of radioactive pollution
-Control of noise pollution
-Improvement of solid waste management system
-Control of water pollution and contamination
-Control of river erosion and hill cutting

(IV) capacity Building
-Enhance education and awareness activities for sustainable development
-Improve research and development activities

The NSAPR underlines the measures for strengthening climate adaptation according to whether
they are sectoral (e.g. improved agricultural varieties), multi-sectoral (e,g., improved watershed
and costal zone management), or cross-sectoral ( e.g.) public awareness, climate research, data
collection etc.




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Sectoral measures relate to specific adaptation options, mainly technical in nature, existing for
each of the sectors that could be affected by climate change.

• Mainstreaming adaptation to climate change into policies and programs in different sectors
(focusing on disaster management, water, agriculture, health and industry).
• Enhancing resilience of urban infrastructure and industries to impacts of climate change.
• Development of eco-specific adaptive knowledge (including indigenous knowledge) on
adaptation to climate variability to enhance adaptive capacity for future climate change.
• Promoting adaptation to coastal crop agriculture to combat increased salinity.
• Adaptation to agriculture systems in areas prone to enhanced flash flooding in the
Northeastern and Central regions.
• Adaptation to fisheries in areas prone to enhanced flooding in the Northeastern and Central
regions through adaptive and diversified fish culture practices.
• Promoting adaptation to coastal fisheries through the culture of salt tolerant fish especially
in the coastal areas of Bangladesh.

Multi-sectoral measures relate in particular to the management of natural resources that span
sectors:
• Reduction of climate change hazards through coastal afforestation with community
participation .
• Providing drinking water to coastal communities to combat enhanced salinity due to sea level
rise.
• Capacity building for integrating climate change in planning, designing of infrastructure, conflict
management and land-water zoning for water management institutions.
• Construction of flood shelter, and information and assistance centers to cope with enhanced
recurrent floods in major floodplains.

Cross-sectoral measures Climate Change issues transcend a variety of sectors. To combat the
adverse impact of climate change a holistic approach is required. With this end in view, the draft
NSAPR-II incorporates the following approaches:

              Education and training;
              Public awareness campaigns;
              Insurance development;
              Changes in institutional, administrative and organizational arrangements;
              Strengthening/changes in the fiscal sector, Risk/disaster management measures;
              Science, research and development (R&D) and technological innovations; and
              Monitoring, observation and communication systems.


Sectoral Strategy

The Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan (BCCSAP) 2008 of the Government of
Bangladesh is currently being reviewed to make it more relevant to the climate change agenda of
the government as well as action oriented. The BCCSAP will be basis to combat climate change
over next 10 years. The draft BCCSAP is built on six pillars: i) food security, social protection and


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health; ii) comprehensive disaster management; iii) infrastructure; iv) research and knowledge
management; v) migration and low carbon development and vi) capacity building and institutional
strengthening.

Medium-Term Budgetary Framework (MTBF)
The NSAPR underlines the Government‟s commitment to managing the key macroeconomic
policy instruments, provide safeguards against adverse external or domestic shocks and create and
enabling environment for pro-poor economic growth, aimed to be achieved by drawing on the
MTMF. Its broad objectives are to promote economic growth and employment in a manner
consistent with the poverty reduction goal by channeling an increasing share of government
expenditure into social and infrastructural sectors and direct poverty reducing activities. The
Framework outlines, in broad numerical terms, the outcomes and requirements of the strategies
presented in the NSAPR. Investment projections have been made based on what is required to
achieve the target growth rate. Being a cross-sectoral nature climate change adaptation projects
are included in the program and projects outlined in MTBF of relevant ministries such as Ministry
of Environment and Forestry, Agriculture, water resources etc.

The Annual Development Programme (ADP)
ADP is an integral part of the national planning process. It is an instrument for the implementation
of the medium-term plan through a detailed formulation of projects, programmes and policies
from year to year. The ADP considers individual projects in detail and reviews the detailed
planning over time, both in terms of financial expenditures and physical progress. The ADP aims
to achieve consistency between the sectoral and sub-sectoral programmes and rationalize
allocation of development expenditure to a set of projects and programmes which will act as a
vehicle for operationalization of the NSAPR. ADP for a financial year is drawn on the basis of
projects and activities identified in MTBF on different sectors including environment.

National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA)
The purpose of NAPA was to identify the urgent and immediate needs of a country to adapt to the
present threats from climate change. Addressing these needs would expand the current coping
range and enhance resilience in a way that would promote the capacity to adapt to current climate
variability and extremes, and consequently to future climate change as well. NAPA follow-up
action such as adaptation to climate change through coastal afforestation has been initiated. The
NAPA highlighted climate change impact studies which focused on the following sectors: water
resources, agriculture sector, forest and biodiversity, coastal zone and coastal resources, human
health, infrastructure and socio-economic impact.

Climate Change Fund (CCF) Government has established CCF with an initial endowment of
US$ 45 million for immediate intervention following natural disaster as well as for adapting to
climate change. Development Partners and other special funds created for climate change are
expected to contribute to the CCF.

8. How would you plan to manage the PPCR institutionally in terms of which Ministry
would lead, which others would be involved, how would it link with any existing climate
change coordinating structures, how would co-ordination work across the government and
with donors?


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Response : As a focal Point Ministry for Climate Change, the Ministry of Environment and
Forest will lead in the implementation process of Pilot programmes under PPCR . Other sectoral
Ministries like Agriculture, Water Resource, Fisheries and Livestock, Food and Disaster
Management will be closely involved at the specific programmes level. Programming Division
and General Economic Division (GED) under Planning Commission will be involved from the
perspective of planning and program approval Apart from that, Economic Relations Division
(ERD) will play its overall coordinating role for inter-facing with the donors.

9. How do you plan to involve relevant non-government stakeholders, including NGOs and
private sector, in the PPCR process?

Response: Relevant non-government stakeholders, including NGOs will mainly be integrated as
implementing partners like they are already integrated in different sectoral on-going programmes
of the Government. Integration and involvement of NGO will also partly depend on the specific
nature and scope of the programmes taken under PPCR.

This may be noted in this context that the Government of Bangladesh (GOB) has already
established a Climate Change Fund (CCF) with an initial amount of US dollar 45 million . In the
implementation process of the programmes, a National Steering Committee of CCF will include,
among others, relevant NGOs with special expertise in climate related issues, civil society,
University teachers, farmers and indigenous people for taking most useful and practical
programmes for tackling impacts of climate change .

On the other hand, the establishment of a Multi-Donor Trust Fund (MDTF) for Climate change in
Bangladesh is also in progress which has a proposed provision of integrating Civil Society
Organizations (CSOs) and NGOs by creating a separate window for them to access directly to the
fund.

10.. What is your initial assessment of the risks to your delivering on the objectives of the
PPCR, and how do you propose to deal with these risks?

Response : There should not be, as we can assess at the moment, any major risks involved in
delivering the objectives of the PPCR excepting a few usual risks of project implementation which
are experienced in case of other projects as well e.g. lack of capacity and strong institutional
mechanism. But considering the need of the country in addressing climate induced challenges,
funding available under PPCR can be felt as inadequate . Moreover, the designing of PPCR which
is a mingle of grant and loan also poses a threat to climate vulnerable countries as the funding for
adaptation purpose should ideally be grant which would be helpful in the real sense of the term .

11.. What ideas would you propose for the development and sharing of lessons learned from
the PPCR process in your country (ies) at the regional and / or international levels?

Response : Dissemination of good practices and lessons learned can be done through the
mechanism of SAARC and BIMSTEC committees responsible for dealing with climate change
issues. It may be noted at this point that the meeting of SAARC Environment Ministers held in


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Dhaka on 3 July, 2008 ended with a Dhaka Declaration on Climate Change ( which is adopted as
SAARC Action Plan on Climate Change) acknowledges the need for mutual cooperation and
consultation to meet the challenges posed by the climate change. In that declaration, the member
states commit themselves to promote programmes for advocacy and mass awareness raising on
climate change and to inculcate habits towards a low-carbon society, including incorporation of
climate change and related science-based educational material in educational curricula, as per
SAARC procedure and practices. Through that declaration, the SAARC member states also call
upon ANNEX-1 countries to fulfill their commitments as per UNFCCC for providing additional
resources.

Furthermore, dissemination workshop and seminars can also be organized at the national and
international level for sharing lessons learned from PPCR process.




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                                                                             ANNEX-1

List of projects relating to sustainable environment and mitigation measures, which
are included in the Annual Development Program :

   1.     Reedland Integrated Social Forestry
   2.     Coastal Char Land Afforestation Project
   3.     Establishment of Kuakata Eco-Park in Kalapara Upazila
   4.     Environment and Biodiversity Conservation and Development for Greater
          Jessore District
   5.     Management Support Project for Sundarban Reserved Forest
   6.     Agar Plantation Project
   7.     Biodiversity Conservation and Development in the Banshkhali Upazila and
          Chunati Wild Sanctuary, Chittagong
   8.     Forestry Technology Development and Dissemination
   9.     Barind Environment Balance Restoration through Afforestation Project
   10.    Greening Initiative for Sustainable Livelihood of Rural Poor and Biodiversity
          Conservation Project
   11.    Coastal and Wetland Bio-diversity Management at Cox‟sBazar and Hakaluki
          Haor
   12.    Implementation of Male Declaration on control and prevention of Air
          Pollution and its Likely Trans Boundary Effects for South Asia
   13.    Bangladesh Environmental Institutional Strengthening Project
   14.    Clean Air and Sustainable Environment Project
   15.    Capacity Building and Resources Mobilization for Sustainable Management
          (Eco System Management) in Bangladesh


   Cyclone (Sidr) related rehabilitation Projects:


   1.     Climate Victim Rehabilitation Project
   2.     Multipurpose Cyclone Shelters in the Coastal belt
   3.     Rehabilitation of Cyclone (Sidr) Affected Costal Fisheries/Fish Farmers and
          Safety Measures for Cyclone
   4.     2007 Cyclone Damaged Rehabilitation Project
   5.     Livestock Salvation Project for Cyclone (Sidr) Affected Areas
   6.     Rehabilitation of Sidr‟s Damage and Climate Change Resilient Afforestation
   7.     Fisheries Development and Conservation in and around the Sundarban Areas
   8.     Emergency Disaster (Sidr) Damage Rehabilitation Project-2007
   9.     Water Supply and Sanitation Project in the Sidr/Cyclone Affected Areas
   10.    Rehabilitation and Improvement of Road RHD Road Network Affected by
          Cyclone Sidr




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                                                                           Annex II


1. Bangladesh Agricultural Development Corporation (BADC) : increasing food
   production by applying integrated water resource management technology
   addressing negative impact of climate change.
2. Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture (BINA) : Adaptation of drought
   tolerant different crop varieties in ever-increasing drought prone areas against
   vulnerable climate change effects in Bangladesh .
3. Bangladesh Sugarcane Research Institute (BSRI): Sugar Crops Improvement for
   Adverse climate condition in Bangladesh through Biotechnology Approaches.
4. Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI) : Development of Eco-friendly Rice
   and Rice related Technology for Climate Resilience
5. Bangladesh Agriculture Research Institute (BARI) : Development of climate
   resilient cropping systems for drought prone and coastal/ saline affected areas of
   Bangladesh to combat the effect of climate change .




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                                                                               ANNEX –III
                     P1. Institutional Capacity for research towards climate resilient cultivars
                     and their dissemination.
T1. Food Security,   P2. Development of climate resilient cropping system
Social Protection    P3. Adaptation against drought.
and Health           P4. Adaptation in fisheries sector.
                     P5. Adaptation in livestock sector.
                     P6. Adaptation in health sector.
                     P7. Water and Sanitation programme in climate vulnerable countries.
                     P8. Livelihood protection in ecologically fragile areas.
                     P9. Livelihood protection of vulnerable socio-economic groups (including
                     women )
T2                   P1.Improvement of flood forecasting and early warning.
Comprehensive        P2.Improvement of cyclone and storm surge warning.
Disaster             P3. Awareness raising and public education towards climate
Management           resilience.
                     P4. Risk Management against loss on income and property.
 T3.                 P1. Repair and maintenance of existing flood embankments.
Infrastructure       P2. Repair and maintenance of cyclone shelters.
                     P3. Repair and maintenance of existing coastal polders.
                     P4. Improvement of urban drainage.
                     P5. Adaptation against floods.
                     P6 Adaptation against tropical cyclones and storm surges.
                     P7. Planning and design of river training works.
 T4. Research        P1. Establishment of a center for knowledge management and
and Knowledge        training on climate change.
Management           P2. Climate change modeling at national and sub-national levels.
                     P3. Preparatory studies for adaptation against sea level rise.
                     P4. Monitoring of ecosystem and biodiversity changes and their
                         impacts.
                     P5. Macroeconomic and sectoral economic impacts of climate
                        change.
 T5. Mitigation      P1. Improved energy efficiency in production and consumption of
and Low Carbon           energy.
Development          P2.Gas exploration and reservoir management.
                     P3. Development of coal mines and coal fired power station.
                     P4. Renewable energy development.
                     P5. Lower emission from agricultural land.
                     P6. Management of urban waste.
                     P7. Afforestation and reforestation programme.
 T6.Capacity          P1. Revision of sectoral policies for climate resilience.
Building and          P2. Mainstreaming climate change in national , sectoral and spatial
Institutional              Development programmes.
Strengthening         P3. Strengthening Human resource capacity.
                      P4. Strengthening Institutional capacity for climate change
                           management .
                       P5. Mainstreaming climate change in the media.


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