First Nations brace for health cuts

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					Volume 16 Issue 3                       Published monthly by the Union of Ontario Indians - Anishinabek Nation                                            Single Copy: $2.00          April 2004

NEWS                                    First Nations brace for health cuts
                                            TORONTO – Earlier this year,        fore cuts will have to be made to       grams,” said Grand Council Chief         Budget.
                                        First Nations in Ontario were           Brighter Futures, and a wide range      Earl Commanda. “We depend on                 The majority of this deficit is
 Ore won’t be shipped                   informed that the First Nations and     of community health programs.           these programs to promote the            due to the $9M dollar shortfall for
 BIRCH ISLAND – INCO has                Inuit Health Branch (FNIHB)                 First Nations are furious at the    well-being and healthy develop-          Northern Nursing.
 announced that it will not ship        Ontario Region would be project-        region's mis-management and that        ment of our children and youth.              To add insult to injury, the
 nickel-ore from Voisey’s Bay           ing an $11 million deficit for the      the deficit-recovery is targeting       These cuts are absolutely not            Ontario Regional Director General
 through Fisher Harbour, located        upcoming fiscal year. In a meeting      much needed community health            acceptable.”                             has asked First Nations to assist in
 southeast of Whitefish River. The      held with FNIHB in late-March,          programs.                                  No new health funding, nor any        cutting programs.
 proposal called for the construc-      First Nations leaders were told the         “These cuts will be devastating     new aboriginal spending was                  “The Region wants us to
 tion of a 12-storey facility near      deficit must be eliminated, there-      to our First Nation health pro-         announced in the latest Federal          become involved in so-called ‘co-
 the sacred site of Dreamer’s                                                                                                                                    management’ – but in reality it will
 Rock. The development would                                                                                                                                     be co-managing our own poverty,”
 have seen a significant increase                                                                                                                                said Grand Council Chief.
 industrial activity in a property                                                                                                                                   $2.1 million will be taken from
 owned by Alexander Industries.                                                                                                                                  Brighter Futures alone.          The
     “We are celebrating today,”                                                                                                                                 remaining $9 million will be cut
 Chief Paibomsai commented.                                                                                                                                      from Aboriginal Head Start, Fetal
 “The letter comes as good news                                                                                                                                  Alcohol Spectrum and Non-
 to us.”                                                                                                                                                         Insured Health Benefits programs.
                                                                                                                                                                     These funding cuts will affect
 Fox loses nomination                                                                                                                                            all communities except those in
 KENORA – Former Dryden                                                                                                                                          multi-year agreements under the
 mayor Roger Valley defeated                                                                                                                                     Health Transfer Initiative. As a
 Ontario Regional Chief Charles                                                                                                                                  result of these cuts, staff may have
 Fox and Kenora lawyer Bev                                                                                                                                       to be laid-off and community pro-
 Wexler to win the federal Liberal                                                                                                                               grams may end.
 nomination in Kenora.                                                                                                                                               First Nations leaders are
    Fox was touted as a possible                                                                                                                                 preparing a strategy to oppose the
 successor to Bob Nault at Indian                                                                                                                                cuts and propose alternatives to the
 and Northern Affairs, and became                                                                                                                                Ontario Region.
 a strong spokesman for treaty
 rights and political participation
 by First Nations during the race.
                                                                                                                                                                 No privacy
 Cops disbanded                                                                                                                                                  code required
 ORILLIA         – The Ontario                                                                                                                                       OTTAWA – Initially, Health
 Provincial Police has disbanded                                                                                                                                 Canada proposed that the 2004-
 its central Ontario tactical unit in                                                                                                                            2005 Medical Transportation
 the wake of charges against its                                                                                                                                 Contribution Agreement would
 officers. Eight members of the                                                       Behind the mask                                                            have to include a requirement for a
 Tactics and Rescue Unit have           This masked participant in the Tyke championship game of this year's Little NHL Tournament was one of over 1,000 play-   Draft Non-insured Health Benefits
 been charged with Police Service       ers on 111 teams entered in the Sault Ste. Marie event. A Sault spokesman estimated the event, hosted by M'Chigeeng
                                                                                                                                                                 Privacy Code.
 Act offences.                          First Nation, brought $4.5 million in economic benefits to the city. Details on page 18.       Photo by Larry Hepditch
                                                                                                                                                                     Brenda      Czich,      Benefit
      A complaint alleges an officer                                                                                                                             Manager for Health Canada con-
 damaged a Mohawk flag and a
 newspaper photograph depicting
 the Oka situation while the tacti-
                                        Canada fails to address poverty, racism                                                                                  firmed that First Nations do not
                                                                                                                                                                 have to adhere to the Draft NIHB
                                                                                                                                                                 Privacy Code. Communities may
 cal members were in the resi-              MONTREAL – Racism direct-           health crises that are rampant in           Fontaine attributed Canada’s         put an ‘X’ through and initial the
 dence.                                 ed at Canada’s aboriginal people is     aboriginal communities.                 drop last year from third to eighth      agreements.
                                        a “big problem” that persists               “The reality that we experience     place in the United Nations list of          The new Draft Privacy Code
 Mohawks misnamed                       despite the country’s positive inter-   every day is not so positive,”          the most desirable places in the         will be posted on the First Nations
 CANADIAN PRESS – A                     national human rights image, the        Fontaine told more than 200 dele-       world to its disregard of aborigi-       and Inuit Health Branch website in
 Manitoba school trustee says he’ll     national chief of the Assembly of       gates at a national conference on       nals.                                    early April for discussion purpos-
 vote against changing the name of      First Nations charged. Phil             hatred and racism held in                   “Blatant racism and hatred are       es.
 Morden Collegiate’s sports teams       Fontaine warned Canada’s stand-         Montreal. “We have a Third World        things that our people experience            First Nations argue there is a
 to something other than the            ing in the world will drop if it con-   in our backyard and our back            daily. This is the sad reality,” added   lack of training, and policy for
 Mohawks.                               tinues to neglect the poverty and       alley.”                                 National Chief Fontaine.                 implementing this Draft Code.
      Brian Hildebrand, a trustee of
 the Western School Division, also
 criticized the way the school prin-
 cipal, teachers and student
 activists are handling a campaign
 to change the name.
      Mohawk lawyer Beverley
 Jacobs, who is from southern
 Ontario, says Mohawks and other
 aboriginal people find the use of
 the name and the images on
 school uniforms offensive.
      She rejects suggestions the
 use of the name honours the
 Mohawk First Nation.

                                        THE CIRCLE OF HEALING: M’Chigeeng Elder Peter Migwans uses art to depict his trying times at Garnier Residential School. – Story on page 5.
Page 2                                                                        Anishinabek News                                                                            April 2004

                            Restoration of Jurisdiction

                                                                           “To hear these messages in our language is the most important thing.” – David Anderson
                                                                          Above: Panelists Marty Bayer, Merle Pegahmagabow, Nick Deleary, and Mike Eshkawkogan enjoy a moment
                                                                          during their discussion on the Restoration of Jurisdiction self-government negotiations at the Anishinabemowin
                                                                          Teg language conference. It was the largest address given on ROJ issues, and was the first that was given pri-
                                                                          marily in the Ojibwe language.
                                                                          Left: R. Martin Bayer, Chief Negotiator for the Anishinabek Nation addresses over 500 delegates.
                                                                                                                                                                    – Bob Goulais Photos

Language conference                                                                                               Language, culture priorities
                                                                                                                   for Anishinabe education
brings historic results                                                                                         By Mary Laronde
                                                                                                                ROJ Communications Officer
                                                                                                                    Language and culture are
                                                                                                                clearly the top priority for
                                                                                                                                                     vival of the language and we
                                                                                                                                                     need to get on with it. Who we
                                                                                                                                                     are as Anishinabe is in the lan-
                                                                                                                                                     guage,” said Henry Lewis,
By Bob Goulais                          Community facilitator Mike        Working Group for the                 Anishinabe education and par-        Principal     of     Wasse-Abin
Communications Officer              Eshkawkogan led the ROJ’s par-        Restoration of Jurisdiction           ents have the major responsibil-     Elementary         School      at
    The Union of Ontario Indians    ticipation at the language confer-    Project.                              ity for their children's educa-      Wikwemikong Unceded Indian
partnership with Anishinabe-        ence, held March 25-28 in Sault           “To        watch       Mike       tion, according to the findings      Reserve and a member of the
mowin Teg has yielded historic      Ste. Marie, Michigan. He and          (Eshkawkogan, panel modera-           of the recent “Setting Up the        Programmes and Services
results, according to Restoration   Val McGregor facilitated three        tor) was wonderful. To hear           Anishinabe Education System”         Working Group. “We are facing
of Jurisdiction staff. The self-    well-attended workshops during        these messages in our language        workshop held in Bawating            a crisis. When I was in grade
government negotiation unit was     the conference.                       is the most important thing.”         (Sault Ste. Marie), March 9 and      school      everyone        spoke
a lead sponsor for A-Teg’s 10th         More importantly, Eshkaw-             Eshkawkogan,       Pegahma-       10.                                  Anishinabemowin          in   the
Annual Language Conference,         kogan facilitated a plenary ses-      gabow, and Governance head                Over 60 community mem-           schoolyard and at home. It was
bringing with it an opportunity     sion attended by over 500 dele-       negotiator Martin Bayer are flu-      bers took part in the two-day        only in the school run by the
to address over 900 registered      gates, a record audience for a        ent in the Ojibwe language. The       exercise designed to build con-      nuns where we spoke English.
delegates over the course of the    Restoration of Jurisdiction activ-    remaining panellists: Anderson,       sensus and develop the model         But that has changed. About
weekend.                            ity. It was also the first ROJ dis-   and Nicholas Deleary are both         of the Anishinabek Education         half our teaching staff and only
    “We are certainly pleased       cussion conducted primarily in        new speakers and Ojibwe lan-          System.                              a few children in our schools
with the opportunity that the       the Ojibwe language.                  guage learners, but had the               The workshop format,             are fluent speakers of their own
Language Conference has given           “I was so proud to hear this in   courage to address the delegates      designed by members of the           language.”
us,” said Merle Pegahmagabow,       our language,” said David             in the language.                      Education Working Groups,                That fact underscores the
head education negotiator for the   Anderson, who was part of the                                               asked pointed questions like         need for programming and cur-
Restoration of Jurisdiction         opening day panel.                       For     more      on  the          ‘What is Anishinabe educa-           riculum changes for First
(ROJ) – self-government negoti-         Anderson is also Chairperson      Anishinabemowin Teg Language          tion?’ and ‘Who is responsible       Nation schools wanting to
ations with Canada.                 of the Programs and Services          Conference see page 11.               for our children’s education?’       make language and culture a
                                                                                                                    “We are trying to get at the     top priority. Wikwemikong,
                                                                                                                foundations of what Anishinabe       considered by many to be a
Proposed model for discussion                                                                                   education needs to be and why
                                                                                                                we even want to have our own
                                                                                                                education system in the first
                                                                                                                                                     leader in First Nations educa-
                                                                                                                                                     tion, boasts it own school sys-
                                                                                                                                                     tem from day care to grade
By ROJ Staff
    Nicholas Deleary, on behalf of the Education                                                                place,” said David Anderson,         twelve, but it too, like most
Governance Working Group, presented a draft                                                                     Chairperson of the Programmes        First Nation communities, lacks
model of the Anishinabek Education System at                                                                    and Services Working Group.          appropriate, culture-based cur-
the recent workshop coordinated and hosted by                                                                       After discussion of the top-     riculum.
the Education Working Groups.                                                                                   ics in break-out groups lead by          Merle       Pegahmagabow,
    The proposed Anishinabek model is child-                                                                    the Community Facilitators, all      Head Negotiator for the
centred. Deleary gave an overview of the group’s                                                                participants were then asked to      Anishinabek Nation in the edu-
examination of other indigenous models, noting                                                                  choose the statements that they      cation talks with Canada,
that in some models, the child is absent.                                                                       agreed with most.                    explained that the process for
    “With the child and his or her parents and                                                                      “The exercise is called self-    restoring jurisdiction (law-mak-
community at the centre of the model, there are                                                                 prioritization and it works well     ing authority) over education is
three levels of responsibility in this education                                                                to build consensus and group         a community-driven one.
system model,” said Deleary. “The first and pri-                                                                ownership of the findings,”              “This is why we have the
mary level of responsibility and authority is with                                                              explained Nicholas Deleary,          Education Working Groups.
the parents and community level.”                                                                               Chairperson of the Governance        Each community that supported
    Within each Bear-paw are several sections                                                                   Working Group and lead facili-       the Education Agreement-in-
that represent the local, Participating First                                                                   tator for the workshop. Like         Principle is represented,” said
Nation education authority or school board.                                                                     Anderson, Deleary is an educa-       Pegahmagabow. “How our edu-
Together these local education authorities form a Regional Body or “Schooling Council.” These region-           tor who has made a life-long,        cation system operates will be
al bodies are represented by each Bear paw-print. There are seven such bodies in this model.                    personal      commitment       to    up to the Education Working
    Taken together as a whole on an Anishinabek Nation scale, all local First Nation school boards and          Anishinabe cultural revitaliza-      Groups and the input received
education authorities, including their respective regional body or “Schooling Council,” form the                tion and renewal.                    from grassroots community
Kinomaadswin Education Body.                                                                                        “We’re talking about sur-        members.”
April 2004                                                                     Anishinabek News                                                                                 Page 3

                              Restoration of Jurisdiction
                                                                           Appeals and redress systems
                                                                           needed at all First Nation levels
                                                                           By ROJ Staff                         – Must meet the needs of First          Nation level appeals and redress
                                                                              The question of whether             Nations;                              systems may look like.
                                                                           there is a need for an               – Issues which cannot be                    Conference participants sup-
                                                                           Anishinabek Nation appeals and         addressed at a First Nation           ported the proposed First Nation
                                                                           redress system was discussed in        level may be addressed at an          appeals and redress structures in
                                                                           the Appeals and Redress                Anishinabek Nation level;             which appeals are brought to an
                                                                           Workshops. Workshop partici-         – Members would feel com-               Appeal Committee and in which
                                                                           pants overwhelmingly agreed            fortable with an appeals and          appeals are decided by an
                                                                           that there is a need to develop an     redress system outside of             Appeal Committee, Elders
Participants at the Fort William appeals and redress workshop engaged      appeals and redress system at a        their own First Nation;               Council, and Chief and Council.
in small group exercises designed to give hands-on experience in devel-    First Nation level and an            – There is a need for an                Conference participants stated
oping appeals policy and procedures.                                       Anishinabek Nation level.              Ombudsperson;                         that Appeal Committees should
                                                                              In         developing        an   – There is a need for a panel of        be comprised of people from
Elders encourage unity,                                                    Anishinabek Nation appeals and
                                                                           redress system, workshop partic-
                                                                                                                  Elders and Youth;
                                                                                                                – Whether political and admin-
                                                                                                                                                        outside of the First Nation
                                                                                                                                                        through tribal councils or neigh-
                                                                           ipants stated that:                    istrative issues would be             bouring First Nations.
practising original law                                                    – There is a need for communi-
                                                                              ty consultation;
                                                                                                                  appealed to an Anishinabek
                                                                                                                  Nation system; and
                                                                                                                                                            Conference participants sup-
                                                                                                                                                        ported the proposed Anishinabek
By ROJ Staff                         our own jurisdiction within our       – An Anishinabek Nation sys-         – There is a need for a regional        Nation appeals and redress
    The Anishinabek Nation           Nation; that there is confidence         tem could make binding              system.                               structures in which appeals from
Elders Council provided cultural     that our communities have the            decisions, provide mediation                                              First Nations are brought first to
support and guidance in the          capacity; that we need to care for       services, develop jurispru-       What Will                               a regional level and then to an
Appeals and Redress Workshops        one another and know what it             dence for First Nations; and                                              Anishinabek Nation level.
and Appeals and Redress Wrap-        means to be Anishinabek; we           – First Nations should use an        It Look Like?                           Conference participants further
Up Conference by conducting          need all of our First Nations to         Anishinabek Nation system            Based on discussions by              discussed the need for an
traditional ceremonies and pre-      be part of a Nation; our tradi-          instead of the provincial and     workshop participants in the            Anishinabek Nation appeals and
senting      information        on   tions are not something that we          federal courts.                   Appeals       and     Redress           redress system to be based on the
Anishinabek principles, tradi-       lost but are something that we                                             Workshops, draft structures of          clan system.
tions and notions on community       are regaining; if we don't have          Additional workshop partici-      appeals and redress systems                 All conference participants
appeals and redress.                 our language, we don’t have           pants' comments about an             were presented for discussion           agreed that further work and dis-
    The Anishinabek Nation           anything; and that we have come       Anishinabek Nation system            purposes at the Appeals and             cussion is required in the future
Elders Council discussed that it     a long way to recover our ways.       included:                            Redress Wrap-Up Conference to           to develop an Anishinabek
takes a community to redress             The Appeals and Redress           – Must incorporate traditional       generate dialogue on what First         Nation appeals and redress sys-
something; there are other forms     Workshops were held in                   forms of appeals and redress;     Nation level and Anishinabek            tem.
of redress available; there are      Nipissing First Nation for the
certain powers to being              Lake Huron Region on February
Anishinabek; that we should not
expect that everything will be
perfect when we start our own
                                     3-4, 2004, in Mnjikaning First
                                     Nation for the Southeast and
                                     Southwest Regions on February
                                                                           Pikwawanagan, UCCM Police
systems as there will be mis-        10-11, 2004, and in Fort William
takes; and that if we pool our
ideals together, we can make it
                                     First Nation for the Northern
                                     Superior Region on February
                                                                           cited as appeals mechanisms
work. The importance of treat-       24-25, 2004. A total of 89 indi-
ing our ancestors with respect;      viduals participated in the three     By ROJ Staff                         Nation Law and hunting and              Algonquin Tribunal generated
practising the original law; and     Appeals         and      Redress          Participants at the various      fishing laws in the Algonquin           great dialogue and questions.
the importance of language was       Workshops, representing 29            Appeals and Redress workshops        territory.                                  Elder Gordon Waindubence
stressed by all of the               First Nations.                        were hungry for established              Workshop participants were          presented on the Police
Anishinabek Nation Elders                The Appeals and Redress           examples of mechanisms that are      advised that the Algonquin              Commission of the United
Council and many presented in        Wrap-Up Conference was held           being used in Anishinabek terri-     Tribunal is comprised of mem-           Chiefs and Councils of
the Anishinabek language.            in Garden River First Nation on       tory.                                bers of the Algonquins of               Manitoulin in which he serves as
    Workshop participants dis-       March 8-9, 2004.                          Existing appeals and redress     Pikwakanagan and that clear             a Commissioner. The Police
cussed the importance of having          A total of 14 individuals par-    systems within First Nations of      procedures and guidelines out-          Commission was established to
our traditional values at the core   ticipated in the Appeals and          the Anishinabek Nation were                                  line      the   oversee matters that arise before
of our appeals and redress           Redress Wrap-Up Conference,           highlighted in the Appeals and                               require-        the police force of the United
processes; the need to develop       representing 9 First Nations.         Redress Workshops through pre-                               ments, pow-     Chiefs and Councils of
                                                                           sentations on the Algonquins of                              ers, and pro-   Manitoulin.
                                                                           Pikwakanagan Tribunal. The                                   cedures of          Elder Gordon Waindubence
                                                                           Appeals and Redress Wrap-Up                                  the Tribunal.   stated that each participating
                                                                           Conference further discussed                                      T h e      First Nation has a Commissioner
                                                                           existing appeals and redress sys-                            Tribunal        and an alternate on the Police
                                                                           tems through a panel presenta-                               may impose      Commission;        the     Police
                                                                           tion on the necessity for appeals                            penalties       Commission operates by consen-
                                                                           and redress systems. The United                              where the       sus where possible; Police
                                                                           Chiefs and Councils of                Jim Meness             Algonquin       Commissioners undergo special-
                                                                           Manitoulin Police Commission                                 Nation Law      ized training; and issues go to
                                                                           and     the    Algonquins      of    or provincial law has been breached.    the Citizens Review Committee
                                                                           Pikwakanagan Tribunal were               Meness emphasized that the          if they cannot be resolved by the
                                                                           presented as examples.               Tribunal is successful as it is         Police Commissioner.
                                                                               Jim     Meness      of    the    supported by the members of the             It was emphasized that we
                                                                           Algonquins of Pikwakanagan           Pikwakanagan and has received           need to have our own processes
                                                                           presented on the Algonquin           recognition from the provincial         in place; sometimes decisions
                                                                           Tribunal.                            courts.                                 should not be appealed because
                                                                               The      Algonquins        of        It was reported that the man-       everything happens for a reason;
Participants at the Appeals and Redress Wrap-Up Conference held in
Garden River First Nation reviewed the findings of the previous three
                                                                           Pikwakanagan established the         date of the Algonquin Tribunal          political structures need to be
workshops and engaged in exercises to further develop skills and identi-   Algonquin Tribunal in 1991,          maybe expanded in the future to         separate from appeal processes;
fied the need for appeals systems at the community and nation level.       which is responsible for oversee-    oversee other matters.                  and that changes are occurring
Shown are Robert Pierson, Chief Wilmer Noganosh.                           ing infractions of the Algonquin         The presentation on the             within our communities.
Page 4                                                                                Anishinabek News                                                                              April 2004

                                                                                         Maanda ndinendam
      The Anishinabek News is a monthly publication of the Union of                                                                        their disappearances. Some would claim that this
  Ontario Indians (UOI). Views expressed are not necessarily the opin-
  ion or political position of the UOI.
      No portion of this paper, including advertisements, artwork, photos
                                                                                  No rewards                                               double-standard is actually a form of racism, and it
                                                                                                                                           may well be. At the very least, treating the life of
                                                                                                                                           any individual as expendable indicates that Canada
  and editorial content may be reproduced without written permission of
  the Anishinabek News Editor or UOI Executive.
      Readers are invited to submit letters, articles, and photos for publi-
  cation. Please include your name, address and telephone number on
                                                                                  for missing                                              has not earned its periodic crowning as the best
                                                                                                                                           country in the world in which to live, certainly not
                                                                                                                                           in the opinion of aboriginal citizens.
  all material submitted. All submissions will be reviewed for publication
  based on priority of interest and edited for clarity of thought, taste,
  brevity and legal implications. Remuneration will be paid for submis-
  sions only if a written agreement with the Editor is made prior to publi-
                                                                                  Native women                                                Many years ago as a young reporter in a small
                                                                                                                                           southern Ontario town, I became involved in the
                                                                                                                                           case of a missing 11-year-old boy, whose mother
                                                                                                                                           came to me for help because she felt the local police
  cation.                                                                            Like everyone, I was deeply saddened to learn         didn’t take her concerns seriously. The family came
                                                                                  about the discovery of the body of the abducted          from “the other side of the tracks” – the mother was
  Editor:           Maurice Switzer                                               nine-year-old girl from Toronto.                         on welfare, living with her two sons in a shabby
  Assistant Editor: Bob Goulais
  Contributors:     Joyce Atcheson, Waub Rice, Annette Francis,
                                                                                                                                           downtown walkup apartment. The boys’ father,
                                                                                      But it was the next story on the same car-radio      unemployed, had abandoned his family. There were
                    Cherie Dimaline, Gordon Atkinson, Darryl Hill,
                                                                                  newscast which put that tragedy in perspective for       always beer bottles on the coffee table.
                    Jeremy Bouchard
  Editorial Board: Fred Bellefeuille, Les Couchie, Irvin George
                                                                                  me. The Native Women’s Association of Canada
  Production:       Deb Sullivan
                                                                                  was announcing its Sisters in Spirit campaign, an            Brian had disappeared on a Friday night while
  Administration: Priscilla Goulais
                                                                                  effort to persuade authorities to investigate an esti-   walking home from a friends’ house where they did
                                                                                  mated 500 cases of aboriginal women who have             what kids did – listened to records, and generally
       Telephone: (705) 497-9127       Toll Free: 1-877-702-5200
                                                                                  vanished or are the victims of unsolved murders in       fooled around. Parents in the neighbourhood had
         Fax: (705) 497-9135 e-mail:
                                                                                  Canada over the past 20 years.                           recently complained to police about the driver of a
                          Anishinabek News
                                                                                                                                           strange tan car cruising the streets, who regularly
                                                                                      These women dif-                                     stopped to chat with children. The cops didn’t
     P.O. Box 711, Nipissing First Nation, North Bay, ON P1B 8J8                  fered from the little                                    investigate their concerns, just as they didn’t take
                                                                                  Toronto girl in several                                  Brian’s mother seriously when she reported he had-
                                                                                  respects: they were abo-                                 n’t come home that Friday night, or the next, or the
                                                                                  riginal, poor, many were                                 next. I visited the station with her once, and was
                                                                                  mothers, and some had to                                 astonished at how indifferent police were to her
                                                                                  live on the streets to sup-                              parental concerns. I wondered if they would have
                                                                                  port themselves, their                                   been just as indifferent if the police chief’s son were
                                                                                  children, or their drug                                  missing, or the mayor’s … or mine.
                      Publishing Criteria                                         habits.
   GOAL                                                                                                                                        They found Brian’s body washed up on the
                                                                                      Following their dis-                                 shores of a Lake Ontario beach about eight months
   To publish a quality newspaper and related publications                        appearances, there were                                  later, just as they have found the remains of a few of
   designed to foster pride and share knowledge about                             no $200,000 rewards for                                  those missing 500 aboriginal women in the sifted
   Anishinabek current affairs, culture, goals, and accomplish-                   information about their                                  earth of a Vancouver-area farm.
   ments.                                                                         whereabouts, no news Maurice Switzer
                                                                                  conferences attended by                                     All of them – not just the little girl in Toronto –
   OBJECTIVES                                                                     dozens of journalists at which senior police officers    deserved better.
   To provide information that reflects the Creator’s four original               enlisted the public’s support to solve these crimes.
   gifts to the Anishinabek:                                                                                                                   May their spirits be in a better place, and shine
                                                                                      There were no missing-person photographs on          in the night sky with all the other stars.
   Respect: To welcome diversity and encourage a free exchange                    the front pages of local newspapers, or on 6 o'clock
   of opinions that may differ without being disagreeable. Fair and               newscasts on local television stations.
   humourous comments are welcomed, but not ridicule or person-                                                                               Maurice Switzer is a citizen of the Mississaugas
   al attacks.                                                                        And there were no public appeals for help made       of Alderville First Nation. He serves as director of
                                                                                  by leaders of their home communities, for the peace      communications for the Union of Ontario Indians in
   Honesty: Debwewin – speaking the truth – is the cornerstone of                 of mind of mothers, fathers, sisters and brothers        North Bay, and editor of the Anishinabek News.
   our newspaper’s content.                                                       who could only imagine their fate.
   Sharing: Providing opportunities for people from the four cor-                    But even hustlers and addicts share one thing in
   ners of the Anishinabek Nation to tell stories and record                      common with cute little girls – they are human
   achievements, and to keep our citizens informed about activities               beings whose lives have value.
   of the Union of Ontario Indians.
                                                                                     There are several explanations why 500 mem-
   Strength: To give a voice to the vision of the Anishinabek                     bers of a civilized society can just disappear with-
   Nation that celebrates our history, culture and language, pro-                 out causing much fuss, and none of them are very
   motes our land, treaty, and aboriginal rights, and supports the                pleasant.
   development of healthy and prosperous communities.
                                                                                      The justice system – represented by police offi-
   NOTE: The Editor reserves the right to edit all submissions for brevity,       cers – doesn’t place a high premium on the lives of
   clarity, and suitability for publication. All formal comments and complaints   Native people. Across Canada, cops are facing
   must be addressed to Editorial Board c/o Anishinabek News.
                                                                                  numerous accusations and charges that they rou-
                                                                                  tinely abuse, wrongfully accuse, and even kill abo-
                                                                                  riginal people. There have been Donald Marshall,
                                                                                  and Connie and Ty Jacobs, and Neil Stonechild, and
                                                                                  Anthony Dudley George. If police don’t treat
           Advertising & News Deadlines                                           Natives with respect when they’re alive, there’s not
   The current circulation of the Anishinabek News is 10,000 copies,
                                                                                  much chance they’ll worry about finding them
      with 9,000 mailed and 1,000 distributed at various events.
                                                                                  when they go missing.

                           DEADLINES FOR                                              There is a double-standard in Canadian society –
                             MAY ISSUE                                            a law for the rich and a very different law for the
                            Advertising                                           poor and disadvantaged. If any of the parents or
                                                                                  families of the missing 500 Native women were
               Bookings:             April            23                          prominent in their communities, had high-paying
               Final Art:            April            27                          jobs, or lived in upscale neighbourhoods, you can
                                News                                              bet there would have been more attention paid to
               News submissions:     April            23
               Scheduled printing:   April            30
      For more information or inquiries to the Anishinabek News related
          to advertising and circulation issues please call our new
                   toll-free number: 1-800-463-6408
April 2004                                                                               Anishinabek News                                                                                   Page 5

 Garden River corporal
 enjoyed Christmas meal
 By Graeme Smith                           something better than military               Aboriginals born in Canada,
 Globe & Mail                              rations.                                 such as Lance-Corporal Eshkibok,
     WINNIPEG – Christmas din-                 During the invasion, his pla-        are allowed to enlist in the United
 ner was different for Robert              toon moved ahead of the regular          States military because they hold
 Eshkibok this year.                       army, and it often was cut off from      dual citizenship.
     There was turkey, ham and             supply lines by enemy attacks or             Christmas was particularly
 potatoes, as usual. And there was         bungled logistics. He would go           festive at the Eshkibok house; it
 the same crowd of relatives.              without rations for three or four        was the couple’s two-year
     But he learned a deeper               days. His unit raided farms to sur-      anniversary on Dec. 22 and Ms.
 respect for food and family this          vive, or scavenged.                      Eshkibok’s 20th birthday on Dec.
 year while enduring hunger, heat              Once, hunkered in a field, he        24. Despite everything he has sur-
 and gun battles during his six            grazed on green kernels of wheat.        vived, LCpl. Eshkibok said he
 months as a scout sniper with the         Later, pinned down by gunfire on         never doubted that he would make
 U.S. Marine Corps in Iraq.                the streets of Baghdad, he found         it home for the celebrations. His
     “I’d be sitting in a hole in Iraq,    an onion on the ground, peeled its       hope was maintained, he said, by
 and I’d be thinking I can’t wait for      skin and discovered that anything        two photographs he kept inside his
 Christmas dinner,” he said just           is delicious under the right cir-        flak jacket, near his heart.
 hours after arriving home for the         cumstances.                                  They are pictures of his wife
 holidays in Garden River, a native            “We take things for granted          and baby boy, Robert Jr. “I’d look
 reserve northeast of Sault Ste.           over here,” he said. “We have            at them and look at the moon and
 Marie, Ont.                               electric lights. We have trans-          stars, and think that we’re all
     Sometimes, the 21-year-old            portation. You can walk down the         under the same moon and stars. . .
 Ojibway’s hunger for a proper             street with your hands in your           There was no way I was going
 meal was more than a yearning for         pockets. Over there, it's different.”    home in a body bag.”                  Tiffany and Robert Eshkibok with Robert Jr.       – Photo By Paul Norbo

                                                                                                                                                  Dating service
                                                                                                                                          going online
                                                                                                                           By Annette Francis                     children is on the decline. A study
                                                                                                                               ALDERVILLE FN – First              conducted in Alderville revealed
                                                                                                                           Nations Dating Network has cre-        that 80% of First Nation mem-
                                                                                                                           ated a stir across the Americas        bers marry non-native individu-
                                                                                                                           with its attempt to make online        als, and projected that the com-
                                                                                                                           matches      between        “status”   munity’s last status child will
                                                                                                                           Indians.                               born by 2032.
                                                                                                                               Within weeks after it was up           He hopes the chat site will act
                                                                                                                           and running, the chat site firstna-    as a catalyst for single status
                                                                                                                  created by David       Indians to meet others, and will in
                                                                                                                           Baker and sister Faith Kuzyk, had      turn strengthen dwindling status
                                                                                                                           already recorded over 3000 visi-       numbers in some small communi-
 Elder Peter Migwans and “The Circle of Healing”                                                                           tors.                                  ties.
                                                                                                                               Baker, 41, and Kuzyk, 30,              “This is going to be a major

                 Painting relates evil story                                                                               were adopted out to non-native
                                                                                                                           families before learning that they
                                                                                                                           were eligible for status from
                                                                                                                                                                  portal for people to meet other
                                                                                                                                                                  Natives,” says Baker. “Until the
                                                                                                                                                                  laws (regarding Indian status)
 By Peter G. Migwans                      to refer to these men as black           the start of our growth, symbol-        Alderville First Nation. Three         change this is going to get out
     SAULT STE. MARIE – A                 robes. These men used to deliver         ized through the trees, that teach-     years ago, while living in British     more and more.”
 recent painting I have done is           punishment, as they called it.           es us that through our wigwams          Columbia, Baker decided to                 He is amazed at the interest in
 entitled “The Circle of Healing,”        This small man draped in black           and growing to carrying the             search the internet for his birth      his website, which has attracted
 and is a depiction of my experi-         with a white collar would deliver        sacred pipes and the carrying on        mother and within 48 hours found       hits from as far away as Mexico.
 ences at Garnier residential             his teachings with a limber strap        of the sweat lodges, it helps us        the information he was looking         The ages of people logging in to
 school, near Spanish.                    by delivering ten straps on each         with our healings and is an impor-      for. Kuzyk, who was raised just        chat range from 20 to 50. Not all
     The painting symbolizes clo-         hand.                                    tant aspect of our being.               20 kilometres outside of the           join to meet a mate, stresses
 sure and the path to healing, and             The other black robe depicted           Having pipe ceremonies as the       reserve, found out at the age of 16    Baker. Some join the site just to
 includes a large turtle, in which        in this window lifting children          great three-feathered eagle looks       that she had entitlement.              meet penpals.
 the other aspects of the painting        two feet off the ground by their         on allows us now to practice these           “Faith and I first met about 2
 are enclosed.                            hair was yet just another form of        events in public. We do not have        1/2 years ago when I returned to
     The residential school project       Garnier punishment. What we              to hide who we are anymore. We          the band,” says Baker. “Now I
 which appears on the left window         were getting punished for yet is         have to dream and be heard on           have a mission.”
 of the turtle represent the now,         still a mystery. Maybe now that I        Mother Earth. I tried as an artist          Kuzyk, a mother of five non-
 and even then, evil-looking build-       think of it we were being pun-           to use as much bright colour as I       status children, says that she was
 ings known as Garnier. My feel-          ished maybe just for being Native,       possibly could, even though the         un-informed when she was young
 ings towards this window are rep-        something all us boys could not          feeling just wasn’t there at all.       and it is important to her that peo-
 resented by colours grey and             avoid. That last window on the               The symbolic turtle brings          ple realize there are options for
 green.                                   right is one that I would rather not     together this story for which I         people looking for Native part-
      The next window being dark          talk too much about. So you will         pray and hope will never ever           ners. She credits their involve-
 and blue brings back the bedtime         have to use a little of your own         come close to happening again.          ment with the chat site with help-
 memories in Garnier. The bunk            imagination. The office door is                                                  ing her and her brother connect
 beds depicted were plenty, but           where we had to wait for our pun-                                                with the Native community.
 being so young, they made you            ishments, sometimes waiting for             Peter G. Migwans is an Elder             Baker, who just received his
 feel so alone and desolate.              hours to be served. Behind the           from M’Chigeeng First Nation            status last year, was inspired to
     The next window is the win-          door I put a little red feather.         currently living in Sault Ste.          create the site, after learning that   David Baker and Faith Kuzyk:
 dow of pain. I really don’t want              On the extreme left we have         Marie.                                  Alderville’s number of status          online match-makers
Page 6                                                                          Anishinabek News                                                                                April 2004

                           Inter-governmental Affairs
                             Aboriginal rights must be institutionalized
                             through forest management policy
                                    By Adolphus I. Trudeau                 found to be substantial.                for Aboriginal participation in for-   ing increased participation in forest
                                    Forestry Technician                        While the courts have played        est management decision making.        management activities is to ensure
                                        Since     time     immemorial      an important role in clarifying what        Meaningful consultation and        that condition 34 (T&C 77) is
                                    Aboriginal people have gathered        Aboriginal rights might be, recog-      dialogue is the first step in this     included and incorporated in the
                                    from the forest food, medicine and     nition of Aboriginal rights and title   direction. An important objective      Forest Management Planning
                                    raw materials.                         must become institutionalized           to Aboriginal communities in gain-     process.
                                        Some of these products may         through forest policy if they are to
National Chief Phil Fontaine
                                    find a place in the growing market
                                    for Non-Timber Forest Products,
                                                                           be respected at the operational
                                                                           level. The development of such
                                                                                                                          Our Staff                           Contact Us
                                    creating economic opportunities in     policy is, therefore, an important            Allan Dokis, Director
‘We are                             the areas of harvesting and produc-
                                                                           aspect of the issue of Aboriginal
                                                                                                                            Nadine Roach,
                                                                                                                          Forestry Coordinator
                                                                                                                                                                Union of Ontario Indians
                                                                                                                                                                 Nipissing First Nation
                                                                                                                                                                      P.O. Box 711
stewards of                             Aboriginal rights in Canada are
                                    enshrined in the Constitution Act
                                    of 1982. Section 35 (1) states that:
                                                                               In    several      jurisdictions,
                                                                           arrangements are increasingly
                                                                           being implemented that lead to a
                                                                                                                            Jason Laronde,
                                                                                                                        Resource Management
                                                                                                                                                                North Bay, ON P1B 8J8
                                                                                                                          Council Coordinator
the land’                           The existing Aboriginal and Treaty
                                    Rights of the Aboriginal peoples of
                                                                           greater role for Aboriginal peoples
                                                                           in forest resource management.
                                                                                                                          Adolphus Trudeau,
                                                                                                                          Forestry Technician
                                                                                                                                                                Toll Free: (877) 702-5200
                                                                                                                                                                 Phone: (705 )497-9127
By Peigi Wilson                     Canada are hereby recognized and       First Nation jurisdiction, forest
                                                                                                                            Alicia McLeod,                         Fax: (705) 497-9135
                                    affirmed.                              management licenses, along with
Environmental consultant to
                                        The extent of these rights has     shared responsibility by way of co-         Treaty Research Assistant
the North Shore Tribal Council                                                                                             Sandra Restoule,                    E-mail:
                                    increasingly been defined through      management arrangements will
    “We have responsibilities to                                                                                         Treaty Research Clerk               Website:
                                    the Courts where they have been        provide the greatest opportunities
the youth, seven generations
hence, to ensure we leave the
earth capable of sustaining the
future… environment strategies
at the local level link into and
reinforce our work at the nation-
al and international levels. You
can show leadership to other
communities by taking concert-
ed and strategic action on envi-
ronmental problems at the local
level,” said National Chief Phil
    The National Chief of the
Assembly of First Nations gave
the keynote address at the
Strategic         Environmental
Planning Workshop, hosted by
the North Shore Tribal Council
March 8-11, at Sault Ste. Marie
and Garden River First Nation.
    “Take pride in what we have
to offer other Canadians and the
rest of the world. Speak with
your Elders, educate your youth
and show through your actions
that we are responsible stewards
of this land.”
    Over the course of two and a
half days, 40 people gathered to
consider a draft strategic envi-
ronmental plan that had been
prepared to assist the North
Shore Tribal Council in develop-
ing an environmental pro-
gramme at the Tribal Council
    The draft plan under consid-
eration at the workshop had been
developed based on a needs and
capacity assessment undertaken
in the member communities in
May 2003. Comments from a
community discussion question-
naire that had been circulated in
the member communities in
February and March 2004 will
also be incorporated in the draft
    The draft strategic plan will
be finalized and presented to the
North Shore Tribal Council for
final adoption in the spring.
They will then proceed with the
hard work of implementation,
including the development of
funding proposals to finance the
April 2004                                                                    Anishinabek News                                                                                                                        Page 7

                     N’Zhichigewin                                 “Doing good things.”
                                                                                                                               Anishinabek Nation Leadership Forum
                                                                                                                                          By the UOI Political Office
                                                                                                                                 (877) 702-5200 E-mail:

New roundtable for
child welfare issues
By Bob Goulais
Communications Officer
    Grand Council Chief Earl Commanda has announced that the
Anishinabek Nation will create a new Child Welfare Roundtable
with the new Ontario Ministry of Children and Youth Services.
    Grand Council Chief Commanda met with Minister Dr. Marie
Bountrogianni in March and asked her to establish a partnership that
will create a new roundtable to discuss the many aboriginal child
welfare issues facing First Nations across Ontario. Minister
Bountrogianni agreed to the Anishinabek Nation roundtable.               GRAND COUNCIl CHIEF EARL COMMANDA, left, participated in a historic March 2 meeting of provincial abo-
    “We are pleased we can continue our productive relationship          riginal leaders with Ontario Premier Dalton McGuinty, centre. Other participants in the meeting, which the pre-
with the Government of Ontario, and we look forward to a new way         mier's office said “signalled a new era of mutual respect in Aboriginal-Ontario relations,” were, second left, Tony
of doing business with the new Ministry of Children and Youth            Belcourt, president, Metis Nation of Ontario; Michael Bryant, Attorney General and minister responsible for Native
                                                                         Affairs;Dawn Harvard, president, Ontario Native Women's Association; Rick Lobzun, president, Ontario
Services,” said Grand Council Chief Commanda. “I congratulate
                                                                         Federation of Indian Friendship Centres; and Mike McGuire, president, Ontario Metis Aboriginal Association.
Minister Bountrogianni and her vision to begin to pro-actively deal
with these issues through this new process.”                                                         GRAND COUNCIL CHIEF’S ITINERARY REPORT – March/04
    Following the announcement, Grand Council Chief Commanda              DATE          LOCATION               MEETING
and representatives from First Nation Child Welfare prevention            March 1       Toronto                Aboriginal Federal Provincial Health Roundtable
agencies from across Anishinabek territory met with officials from        March 2       Ottawa                 Political Confederacy Meeting, Meeting with Premier Dalton McGuinty and Minister Michael Bryant, Native Affairs
the Ministry to discuss implementation of the new roundtable.             March 3-4     Toronto                Chiefs Committee on Governance, Restoration of Jurisdiction (ROJ)
                                                                          March 5       Toronto                A/Regional Chief, meeting with Ontario Aboriginal Sports Council
    “This roundtable will be established along the same lines as the      March 8       Ottawa                 Assembly of First Nations (AFN) Health – Minister Carolyn Bennett, Minister of State (Public Health)
government’s new thinking and the new Ministry of Children and            March 9-10    Garden River           North Shore Tribal Council (NSTC) Environmental Workshop
Youth Services. It will bring all child welfare and youth issues under    March 11      Toronto                Ontario First Nation Limited Partnership (OFNPL) Meeting - Casino Rama
one roof,” said Grand Council Chief Commanda. Premier Dalton              March 12      Thunder Bay            President's Grand Council Meeting, Child Welfare Steering Committee Meeting
                                                                          March 15      Sault Ste. Marie       Political Confederacy Meeting
McGuinty and Minister Bountrogianni had announced the creation            March 16      Toronto                Indian Studies Support Program (ISSP), Indian and Northern Affairs
of the new Ministry of Children and Youth Services earlier in the         March 17      Sudbury                Meeting with Minister Dr. Maria Boutriaganni, Minister of Children and Youth Services
month.                                                                    March 22      Toronto                Establishing an Anishinabek Child Welfare Roundtable, Meeting with Minister, Children and Youth Services
    First Nations are hoping the roundtable will evolve into an ongo-     March 23      Toronto                Political Confederacy Meeting
                                                                          March 24      Ottawa                 Meeting with Minister Andy Mitchell, Minister of Indian Affairs
ing, working group. The Anishinabek Nation has previously devel-          March 25      Thunder Bay            Ontario First Nations Technical Services Corporation (OFNTSC) Board of Directors Meeting
oped two other working roundtables with the Province of Ontario,          March 26      Sudbury                Gezhtoojig Employment Conference
including the Anishinabek-Ontario Resource Management Council             March 27-28   Sault Ste. Marie, MI   Anishinabemowin Teg Language Conference
and the Anishinabek-Ontario Fisheries Resource Centre.                    March 29-31   Vancouver, BC          A/Regional Chief, Think Tank on First Nations Governance Institute
Page 8                                                                            Anishinabek News                                                                              April 2004

94 per cent of front-line staff
want more FASD training
By Alisa Pierson                      several predominant issues that            The majority of front-line
FASD Regional Program Worker          required exploration. The list of      workers would like to see pro-
    The Union of Ontario Indians      issues were as follows:                gramming and prevention strate-
Health Department received fund-          Area of work, who is already       gies that include: primary preven-                 UNION OF ONTARIO INDIANS
ing to launch a Fetal Alcohol         providing FASD services, type of       tion (community awareness, lead-                ANISHINABEK HEALTH COMMISSION
Spectrum      Disorder     (FASD)     prevention activities being con-       ership support); secondary preven-                                     Requires a
Program to service the 43 member      ducted, level and adequacy of          tion (screening, referral of “at risk”
First Nations of the Anishinabek      training, needs and type of training   clients for counseling, alcohol                          HEALTH POLICY ANALYST
Nation.                               required, assessment of attitudes,     treatment, nutritional support); ter-
    A needs assessment was con-       and level of knowledge about           tiary prevention (parenting sup-         LOCATION:        Negotiable
ducted and a report was written       FASD.                                  port, healthy lifestyle counseling,
during the past year.                     Five hundred and twenty six        advocacy for acquisition of spe-                             Curve Lake First Nation
    A questionnaire was developed     (526) front-line workers participat-   cialized services or systemic                                Nipissing First Nation, UOI Head Office
as a research tool to gather key      ed in the survey and some of the       change, provision of academic or
information regarding the level of    findings were as follows:              life skills programming, and refer-      ACCOUNTABILITY:
knowledge that exists among               The majority of the respon-        ral for diagnosis).
Anishinabek front-line workers,       dents indicated that they have not         Most of the front-line workers       Reports to and works under the direction of the Health Director.
and identify the training and serv-   provided services to people with       scored high with the questions           Serves as policy advisor to the Anishinabek Health Commission.
ice needs of our member commu-        FASD.                                  around attitudes and level of            Will provide a variety of health consultative services to benefit
nities. We were also able to deter-       More than half of the target       knowledge         about       FASD.      Anishinabek communities.
mine gaps necessary to develop an     group did not have training or self-   However, the data clearly shows
effective campaign for capacity       studied FASD, whereas forty-four       that more FASD Training is               RESPONSIBILITIES (includes but not limited to):
building and assist in the develop-   percent learned about FAS/FAE at       required in the First Nation com-
ment of a culturally based infra-     conferences or post-secondary          munities.                                   Review, analyze, criticize and formulate analytical reports with
structure designed to meet the        courses.                                   Copies of the Final Report may          conclusions for technical and political action.
needs of our families and commu-          Ninety-four (94) percent of        be obtained by contacting the               Formulates briefing papers outlining clear options for action with
nities.                               respondents would like more train-     Union of Ontario Indians FASD               potential implications.
    The FASD Program identified       ing in FASD.                           Program at (705) 497-9127.                  Prepares funding proposals and maintains awareness of funding
                                                                                                                         opportunities to benefit and enhance health programming.
                                                                                                                         Analyzes Provincial and Federal health policy and implications to
                                                                                                                         UOI First Nations.
                                                                                                                         Applies measurable strategies of accountability with the writing
                                                                                                                         of annual reports, activity reports, resolution updates, elements of
                                                                                                                         yearly workplans and chronologies.
                                                                                                                         Understands and facilitates strategic planning and capacity
                                                                                                                         building as it applies to UOI Health.
                                                                                                                         Liaise with Federal and Provincial health agencies.
                                                                                                                         Promotes the need to advocate for UOI health issues.
                                                                                                                         Facilitates discussions with consultants, contract negotiation,
                                                                                                                         management committees and other groups.
                                                                                                                         Understands jurisdiction perspectives between Canada in relation
                                                                                                                         to First Nation health.
                                                                                                                         Assess the implications of health transfer, fiscal transfer pay-
                                                                                                                         ments, and self-government initiatives.
                                                                                                                         Conducts community consultation sessions extracting issues,
                                                                                                                         barriers, solutions and recommends options for leadership
                                                                                                                         consideration and negotiation.
                                                                                                                         Attends meetings as directed to advance the information of the
                                                                                                                         Anishinabek Health Commission.

                             Aboriginal Tourism                                                                       QUALIFICATIONS:

                                                                                                                         Solid working knowledge of the Anishinabek Nation.
                                                                                                                         Relevant Post Secondary education diploma or degree.
                                                                                                                         Excellent research and analytical skills.
                                             6” x 8”                                                                     Excellent oral and written communication skills.
                                                                                                                         Must possess valid Ontario drivers license and be insurable.
                                                                                                                         Available to travel extensively and subject to irregular hours.

                                                                                                                      SALARY: Commensurate with experience and education.

                                                                                                                      CLOSING DATE: April 23, 2004 - 4:00 p.m.

                                                                                                                            Please send a covering letter along with your resume and
                                                                                                                                          3 employment references to:

                                                                                                                             Glenda St. Amour, Executive Director of Operations
                                                                                                                                          Union of Ontario Indians
                                                                                                                                    P. O. Box 711, Nipissing First Nation
                                                                                                                                          North Bay, ON P1B 8J8

                                                                                                                       Phone: (705) 497-9127 / 1-877-702-5200 Fax: (705) 497-9135

                                                                                                                           Individuals of aboriginal ancestry are encouraged to apply.
                                                                                                                        Preference will be given to UOI member First Nation applicants.

                                                                                                                                          Miigwetch to all who apply;
                                                                                                                             only those selected for an interview will be contacted.
Page 9                       Anishinabek News                                                                                 March 2004

                         Traditional foods not fatty,
                         but laced with contaminants
                         By Joyce Atcheson                       community in which Elders have           he didn’t address dioxins. Tests for
                             “Eat traditional foods” was the     high levels of PCBs and here, at the     dioxins cost $1,000 a piece; it is not
           Bidaaban      message, but how healthy are they?
                             First Nations and Inuit Health
                                                                 people’s request, some foods were
                                                                 checked. These showed PCBs in
                                                                                                          likely FNHIB will test many peo-
                                                                                                          ple, never mind fish, birds or larger
                         Branch (FNHIB) is conducting a          trout, pike, mergansers, loons, and      game.
                         series of regional First Nations        gull and tern eggs.                          Toxaphene, a chemical used in
                         workshops on environmental con-             The Eagle Project (Effects on        farming cotton in the U.S., shows in
                         taminants. The message is “eat tra-     Aboriginals from the Great Lake          high levels in trout in the Yukon and
           4” x 4.5”     ditional foods; although they have
                         contaminants, they are better than
                                                                 Environment) and random tests in
                                                                 northwestern Ontario examined
                                                                                                          in Siskiwit, but no data on human
                                                                                                          levels were presented. Nipissing’s
                         the known risk of store foods laced     people for PCBs and mercury.             1990 - 2000 PCB concentration in
                         with sugars, fats and salts.”           Some fish and birds have been stud-      walleye muscle was 20 nanograms
                             Epidemics of diabetes, heart        ied.                                     /gm. Lake Superior trout have over
                         disease, obesity, and their complica-       Plant-eating birds are exposed       400 nanograms/gm.
                         tions are destroying Aboriginal peo-    to lower levels of PCBs and mercu-           While these are within the
                         ples. These are linked to a change in   ry than fish-eating species, but         acceptable/tolerable levels if fish
                         diet and activity, correctable by       plant-eating and bottom-feeding          advisories are followed, scientific
                         resuming a traditional diet, FNHIB      birds have higher levels of cadmi-       data on the danger of low-level con-
                         says.                                   um.                                      tamination were ignored. Also miss-
                             We were told, “eat more fish            Lake Ontario trout (1992-01)         ing was any information on new
                         that don’t eat other fish,” young       “have PCB concentrations of              studies showing links between
                         fish, fillets, remove the skin before   17,000 nanograms/gm” in fats, 5.5        endocrine disruptive chemicals
                         cooking since contaminants collect      times higher than Lake Superior          (such as PCBs and dioxins) and dia-
                         in fat, and cook fish in ways that      and highly populated areas have          betes.
                         reduce fats.                            higher levels of PCBs. These levels          As I left the workshop, I felt the
                             While it makes sense to reduce      result in fish advisories.               effect of a bureaucratic system and
                         fats to be healthier, why do bureau-        In one study, walleye showed         its messages. Researchers have the
                         crats promote eating contaminants?      very different levels of mercury in      wide end of the funnel up to their
                         The amount and effect of these          two branches of the same lake. The       faces and they can see only the tiny
                         chemicals is not known, few con-        reason is a mystery. For other com-      piece on which they focus. A big
                         taminants have been identified, and     munities eating pike and walleye         picture is sadly missing, yet these
                         those that have show conflicting        leads to mercury exposure; “more         are the people in charge of making
          Beausoliel     and inconsistent patterns.
                             Canada’s laws require testing of
                                                                 walleye, more mercury.”
                                                                     However, one workshop presen-
                                                                                                          global decisions to industry about
                                                                                                          contaminants affecting all of us.
                         food only when it is sold. Therefore,   ter said PCBs can be reduced by
         Family Health   few traditional foods are tested for
                         contaminants and those that are
                                                                 “eating insect-eating fish, like wall-
                                                                 eye.” The message: eat mercury
                                                                                                              Joyce Atcheson is an Aboriginal
                                                                                                          freelance writer based in Thunder
                         show levels of mercury, cadmium,        (walleye) or PCBs (trout). That          Bay. She has a masters degree in
                         toxaphene, PCBs (polychlorinated        same presenter said that dioxins         health and worked as a nurse for
                         biphenyls, chemicals with a chlo-       (cancer-causing chemicals from           over 25 years before obtaining her
          4” x 8.75”     rine base), and flame-retardants.
                             Big Trout Lake, Ontario is one
                                                                 incomplete burning of chlorine) are
                                                                 a concern in northwest Ontario but
                                                                                                          journalism diploma from First
                                                                                                          Nations Technical Institute.

                                                          Canadore College

                                                                         6” x 6”
Page 10            Anishinabek News     April 2004


                  PHD Canada

                 10.25” x 14.25”
April 2004                                                                           Anishinabek News                                                                                           Page 11

Language conference draws 900
By Bob Goulais                                    “That’s the fun part – the gathering.”
Communications Officer                            Although the mood of the conference was of
    SAULT STE. MARIE, MI – If one were            celebration, people are starting to become
to go by sheer numbers, this year’s               aware of dire circumstances of the Ojibwe
Anishinabemowin            Teg      Language      Language. “I think the awareness how we
Conference was the most successful yet.           are losing the language very rapidly, I think
    Over 900 people were registered for the       people are starting to realize that. We have
10th anniversary Ojibwe language event            very few speakers, maybe one of two speak-
that was co-sponsored by the Union of             ers in these little communities,” said
Ontario Indians. This makes it the largest        Toulouse, matter-of-factly.
annual Anishinabe-organized event in                   “We can only do so much. We are on the
                     Anishinabek Nation ter-      little guys,” said Toulouse about
                     ritory, next to the Little   Anishinabemowin Teg. “The political lead-
                     NHL. “In reality, there      ers need to advocate for us more. Language
                     are probably about 1800      should be the number one priority on every
                     people mulling around        agenda.” One workshop, facilitated by           Top: David Jones of Turtle Concepts moti-
                                                  Keller Papp and Brian McInnes discussed         vates workshop participants. Right: Brian
                     here,” said Isadore                                                          McInnes facilitates a break-off meeting of the
                     Toulouse, president of       the “Total Immersion School” concept.           Three Fires Midewiwin School during the con-
                     Anishinabemowin Teg.              “We have to start learning at a very       ference.              – Photo by Bob Goulais
                     referring to an unofficial   young ages, ages four or five, or even earli-
Isadore Toulouse
                    tally of registered partic-   er,” said McInnes of Wasauksing, who            language we urge them, in a good way, to
ipants as well as their spouses, children, and    teaches a language immersion program in         speak the Ojibwe language,” said McInnes
extended families. “Many didn’t bother reg-       Lac Courte Oreille, Wisconsin. Everything       in Ojibwe. Language resources and craft
istering them, they just registered the one       is done in the Ojibwe language, and the stu-    vendors were in abundance, camped outside
person. And then at the doors, we have no         dents are encouraged to continue that           the workshop rooms selling everything from
control of who goes in. We haven’t both-          immersion        in     the      playground.    language curriculam, history books, self-
ered to check,” said Toulouse, with laughter.     “Occasionally, when they speak the English      help tapes and CDs.

 Why did you come to the Language Conference?
                      “I come to                           “I’m interested                        “I’m here to
                      enhance what                         in helping peo-                        learn. I want
                      Anishinabek I                        ple preserve the                       to understand
                      do know. I’m                         language. There                        more and all
                      always open-                         are very few                           Anishinabe
                      minded and                           fluent speakers                        people should
                      open-hearted.                        left so we need                        want to
   Freda Millard      I come every Melvina Corbiere        really dramatic Cliff Waboose          understand
   Whitefish Lake     year.”        M’Chigeeng             steps.”          Batchewana            more.”

                                                                                                                        Stephanie and Paul Stone browse Osawamick’s craft and language booth.

                                                                                                                        James Mitchell, Steve Boyer, and daughter Nora of Batchewana enjoy an Ojibwe work-
                                                                                                                        shop together.

                                                                                                                                 For more info: Elaine Bomberry 416.522.1340
Page 12       Anishinabek News   March 2004

          Native Studies Page

            10.25” x 14.25”
April 2004                                                                    Anishinabek News                                                                                                   Page 13

 Business guide now available
    OTTAWA – An Aboriginal women’s business planning guide enti-
tled Journey to Success has been unveiled by Andy Mitchell, Minister
                                                                           Anishnabe-kwe Women
of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. “This guide addresses
some of the unique barriers faced by Aboriginal business women and
provides strategies to overcome them,” said Minister Mitchell. Copies
of the guide are available from all INACs regional offices and through
                                                                         Mother a good teacher
INAC's Contact Centre at (819) 997-0380.
                                                                         about fighting for rights
                                                                         The Toronto Star                               antee that aboriginal women on                 There are about 400,000 people
                                                                              OTTAWA – Two generations,                 reserves will get half of the marital      living on reserves in Canada.
                                                                         two different battles on behalf of             assets upon divorce. The Indian Act            Lavell Harvard says education
                                                                         Canada’s Native women.                         “governs                                   campaigns are the first step in chang-
                                                                              Jeannette Lavell, now 61, fought          every aspect                               ing the laws. “There will never be an
                                                                         successfully for Native women to               of our lives,”                             outcry and support and the language
       Lakehead University                                               retain their status and rights when
                                                                         they married non-natives.
                                                                                                                        Lavell Harv-
                                                                                                                        ard says.
                                                                                                                                                                   (of the act) will stay as it is if it is not
                                                                              Her case, which caught the atten-             A Ph.D.                                    A legal challenge, based on gen-
                                                                         tion of the United Nations, took               candidate in                               der rights enshrined in the Charter of
                                                                         almost 15 years before it was won. It          education the                              Rights and Freedoms, has been

                      4” x 4.5”                                          led to Bill C-31 in 1985, giving
                                                                         Native women who marry non-
                                                                                                                        University of
                                                                                                                        W e s t e r n Dawn Lavell
                                                                                                                                                                   launched by the Canadian Native
                                                                                                                                                                   Women’s Association.
                                                                         natives the right to remain on                 Ontario      in                                Lavell Harvard, the mother of a
                                                                         reserves and giving their children             London and a Trudeau Foundation            6-year-old daughter, divorced off-
                                                                         aboriginal status.                             Scholar, she points out that while         reserve and says she had no problem
                                                                              On March 8, Lavell’s daughter,            provinces across Canada have made          getting her fair share of the marital
                                                                         Dawn Lavell Harvard, 30, marked                provisions for the equal division of       assets. But women on reserves stay
                                                                         International Women’s Day by par-              marital assets, women on reserves          married, even in abusive relation-
                                                                         ticipating in a day of action on               continue to be denied this right.          ships, because they know if they
                                                                         Parliament Hill. A member of the                   “We are conducting this day of         leave, “they will have nothing but the
                                                                         Canadian          Native       Women’s         action to tell the people in power         shirts on their backs.”
                                                                         Association and president of its               about this,” she says.                         She says some male native lead-
                                                                         Ontario branch, she is part of the next            “When I talk to people, they           ers are afraid to open up the Indian
                                                                         major constitutional challenge of the          wonder what the fuss is all about –        Act for renegotiation because they
                                                                         Indian Act based on gender inequali-           when you leave your husband, you           fear land treaties and other rights,
                                                                         ty. At issue is the failure of the Indian      get half the assets. But the reserve is    such as living free of income tax,
                                                                         Act, which governs reserves, to guar-          a whole different world.”                  would then also come up for scrutiny.

                                                                                                                      ‘It’s very scary’
                                                                                                                           WINNIPEG – A group repre-
                                                                                                                       senting aboriginal women in
                                                                                                                       Manitoba says society isn’t taking
                                                                                                                       proper notice of the problem of miss-
                                                                                                                       ing and murdered native women.
                                                                                                                           The Mother of Red Nations
                                                                                                                       Women’s        Council       marked
                                                                                                                       International Women’s Day by call-
                                                                                                                       ing for more attention to aboriginal
                                                                                                                       women who disappear.
                            Algoma University                                                                              The mother and aunt of Sunny
                                                                                                                       Wood, a 16-year-old aboriginal girl
                                                                                                                       who went missing Feb. 20, joined
                                                                                                                       the group on the steps of the legisla-
                                                                                                                       ture.                                      Sunny Wood
                                                                                                                           “We just want to know what’s
                                           6” x 8”                                                                     happened to her,” says Wood’s aunt,
                                                                                                                       Irene Okemow. “It’s very frighten-
                                                                                                                                                                  public concern given to Dru Sjodin,
                                                                                                                                                                  a Caucasian university student who
                                                                                                                       ing right now because we don’t             disappeared in Grand Forks, North
                                                                                                                       know what’s happened to her and it’s       Dakota last November.
                                                                                                                       very scary. She’s got lots of family           “There was front-page press day
                                                                                                                       members back home that are very            after day,” says council spokes-
                                                                                                                       concerned.”                                woman Leslie Spillett. “There’s
                                                                                                                           The Mother of Red Nations              organized search parties and a whole
                                                                                                                       Council says missing white women           community effort got behind to find
                                                                                                                       receive more media attention than          where she is and to bring people to
                                                                                                                       missing aboriginal women. The              justice that may have violated her,
                                                                                                                       group says all missing women               and we think that’s an appropriate
                                                                                                                       should be the focus of the kind of         response for the community.”

                                                                                                                 Sisters in Spirit launch
                                                                                                                 countrywide campaign
                                                                                                                         OTTAWA – Sisters in Spirit, a new campaign to draw attention to missing
                                                                                                                     aboriginal women, began March 22 with events countrywide.
                                                                                                                         The Native Women’s Association of Canada says it will spend a year urging
                                                                                                                     Ottawa to spend $10-million to research what it estimates are 500 cases of abo-
                                                                                                                     riginal women who have been slain or have vanished in the past 20 years.
                                                                                                                         It will push for a national registry, a hot line, public-education programs and
                                                                                                                     a fund to document cases accurately.
                                                                                                                         Sandra Gagnon will never forget the last words her sister spoke to her before
                                                                                                                     she joined the ranks of missing or murdered aboriginal women. “I love you and I
                                                                                                                     miss you much.”
                                                                                                                         “Miss you much” was a reference to one of her sister’s favourite Janet
                                                                                                                     Jackson songs, Gagnon recalled.
                                                                                                                         That was on June 25, 1997. She hasn’t heard from Janet Henry since. Henry’s
                                                                                                                     case is among hundreds to be highlighted in the Sisters in Spirit campaign.
Page 14                                                                Anishinabek News                                                                       April 2004

                   Urban Rez
                                                                                                      Produced by the Native Canadian Centre
                                                                                                       16 Spadina Road, Toronto, ON M5R2S7
                                                                                                   Telephone: 416-964-9087 or FAX: 416-964-2111

                                                                      Lots of gangs, but none Native
                                                                      By Gordon Atkinson               keeping Unit. She doesn’t             “The sentence is usually
                                                                          TORONTO – The streets of know of any Aboriginal youth doubled,” said Minor.
                                                                      Toronto have become a battle- gang operating on the streets of         Drugs like ecstasy dealt by
                                                                      ground for gun-toting street Toronto at this time.                gang members are very deadly,
                                                                      youth      gangs,    Detective      The court system is dealing said Minor.
                                                                      Constable Doug Minor told a with gang members on a daily               “You might as well go out
                                                                      March 17 gathering at a basis and it is not too lenient on and buy a bottle of rat killer
                                                                      Toronto Native youth shelter. known gang members who go and chug it down cause that is
                                                                      “It’s organized crime,” he said. through the system.              what you’re doing,” he warned.
                                                                          The 13-year veteran and
                                                                      member of the city police Guns
                                                                      and Gangs Task Force told a
 Ashley Loon and cousin Chrissie carry Grassy Narrows protest ban-
                                                                      group of Native and non-
 ner through Toronto to offices of Ministry of Natural Resources.
                                                                      Native teens at the new

 Grassy protest hits                                                  Tumivut youth shelter on
                                                                      Vaughan Rd. that there are 200
                                                                      to 300 actual gangs in Toronto.
 streets of Toronto                                                   He disputes recently-released
                                                                      reports that say there are 57
                                                                      gangs currently active in the
 By Gordon Atkinson and Cherie Dimaline
     TORONTO – While the chainsaws continue to chew their             Greater Toronto area with
 way through their traditional territory, a group of determined       1,132 members. But, unlike
 Native youths vows to stop the clear-cutting of Grassy Narrows       Western Canada, Native street
 First Nation.                                                        gangs are not flourishing in
     “Our people are sick because of the poisons in the water,”       Toronto. “Attempts have been
 Ashley Loon, a 19-year-old Ojibway girl told a group of protest-     made to start them up here,” Teen nicknamed “Detroit,” left, hams it up with Det-Const. Doug Minor,
 ers outside the Ministry of Natural Resources office at 90           said Const. Monica Rutledge of of Toronto Police Guns and Gangs Unit, and Const. Monica Rutledge of
 Wellesley Street in Toronto. As she spoke, a dozen police officers   the city’s Aboriginal Peace- the Aboriginal Peacekeeping Unit.
 and six security guards were on hand to keep an eye on the chilly
 March afternoon protest.
     Passing motorists honked their horns as a way of showing
 support for the gathering of about 75 protesters, who carried
 placards including one saying: “Save our trees so we can
     In December of 2002, members of the Grassy Narrows band
 started a blockade to protest the clear-cutting by Abitibi
 Consolidated Inc. which continues to have a devastating impact
 on their land.
                                                                                 Business Development Canada

 Young entrepreneur                                                                                            6” x 8”
 keeps yards tidy
 By Gordon Atkinson                 wish these guys all the luck in
 and Cherie Dimaline                the world.”
     TORONTO – Evelyn                   Santee Smith was the
 Huntjens didn’t mind her own       Master of Ceremonies when
 business while she was here in     delegates visited the Native
 Toronto. In fact, the 28-year-     Canadian Centre dinner and
 old Victoria B.C. woman got a      social which included presen-
 friend of hers to keep an eye on   tations by the NCCT Cultural
 her thriving yard care store       Department and Visiting
 (Fraser Vista Yard Care) so she    Schools Program, accompa-
 could join 400 other youth         nied by the Eagleheart Singers.
 from across the country to
 attend a five-day Aboriginal
 Youth              Entrepreneur
     Huntjens, from the Xeni
 Gwet’in First Nation, got the
 entrepreneurial spirit as a
 teenager growing up in
 Victoria. Her business has
 reached the critical first year
 stage and is keeping her busy.
 The idea behind Fraser Vista
 Yard Care is to keep the
 client’s yard looking great by
 offering helpful tips on trim-
 ming hedges, planting a flower
 garden, and anything connect-
 ed with lawn care mainte-
 nance.                             Evelyn Huntjens, who owns a
     “All of the youth at this      yard-care business in Victoria,
 gathering have dreams of           was one of 400 Native entrepre-
 being successful,” she said. “I    neurs who gathered in Toronto.
April 2004                                                                      Anishinabek News                                                                                   Page 15

New Sun conference
highlights Native artists
By Jeremy C. Bouchard                    The New Sun Conference fea-
   OTTAWA          –     Carleton    tures artistic performances by
University hosted the 3rd Annual     established artists in a setting
New      Sun    Conference      on   which allows conference attendees
Aboriginal Arts, bringing together   to interact with presenters. The 150
a showcase of Aboriginal artists     who attended also shared a lunch-
with talents ranging from theatre,   eon of fine Native cuisine.
dramatic arts, video and literary        Presenters included writer
backgrounds.                         Kateri Akiwenzie-Damm, actor
                                     and playwright Darrell Dennis, and
                                     multimedia sculptor David Ruben
                                     Piqtoukun. One of the highlights
                                     was the featured performance by
                                     Tamara Podemski, well known
                                     singer and actor.
                                         Kateri Akiwenzie-Damm liked
                                     the opportunity to meet and learn       Daphne Odjig paintings come to life in Artshow, a Toronto production starring, from left,Jani Lauzon, Sarah
                                     more about the work of other            Podemski, Gloria May Eshkibok, and Lorne Cardinal.                                  – Photo by Nir Bareket
                                     artists. If it gets our work into the

Tamara Podemski sings at New
                                     university system on course lists
                                     and as thesis topics, that will defi-
                                     nitely help advance Aboriginal
                                                                                         Play brings Odjig art to life
Sun conference.                      Arts,” she added.                       By Waubgeshig Rice                                        method, in which the paintings themselves come to
                                                                                 TORONTO – Song, dance, and stellar acting             life. Exciting music and dance routines also kept
                                                                             dominated a Toronto play dedicated to the life and        them on the edge of their seats.
 Fab Four open                                                               work of world-renowned Anishinabe artist Daphne
                                                                                                                                           For veteran actor Lorne Cardinal, it was an
                                                                                                                                       extraordinary experience. “It was just tons of fun
 year for charity                                                                The Artshow, written by Alanis King, recalls
                                                                             Odjig’s early artistic beginnings on her home com-
                                                                                                                                       and I hope people who saw it enjoyed it,” he said
                                                                                                                                       after the final show. “It is an homage to Daphne and
 By Les Couchie                                                              munity of Wikwemikong straight through to her             her work more than it is to any us. She is one of our
    The Anishinabek Nation 7th Generation                                    shows in Paris in the early 1970s. Presented by           pioneers and needs to be recognized in this way.
 Charity kicked off its fund-raising year with an                            Native Earth Performing Arts, it outlines her strug-      Without people like that, we wouldn’t be where we
 April 2nd North Bay concert by the Fab Four, a                              gles as a painter in both the Aboriginal and non-         are today. It’s good to start honouring our own
 Beatles "clone" group.                                                      Aboriginal worlds, and her later successes and            before waiting for others to do it.”
    The Anishinabek Lifetime Achievement Awards gala is slated for           recognitions in life.                                         Cardinal, who himself owns an Odjig original he
 June 1st in Whitefish Lake First Nation, the first evening of the               Running for a three-week stint in Toronto             rescued from a Saskatoon pawn shop, added the
 Anishinabek Grand Council Asembly.                                          through mid-March, The Artshow drew sold-out              work was hard but worth it. “If you don’t do physi-
    We are hoping to receive more nominations before the April 30th          crowds and rave reviews from the theatre communi-         cal theatre you can become a lazy actor, and it
 deadline. Emcee will again be Ray Martin.                                   ty. Audiences were drawn to its unique narrative          becomes really difficult to get your body in shape.”

          Original Indigenous                                                Red Sky tells stories by dance
                                                                             By Waubgeshig Rice                     Sky is something that pushes the      Aboriginal storytelling through

                 Talent                                                           TORONTO – There’s an
                                                                             Anishinabe - led theatre produc-
                                                                                                                    boundaries while contributing to
                                                                                                                    the Aboriginal cultural aesthetic -
                                                                                                                                                          theatre. “I don’t believe we come
                                                                                                                                                          from that place as Anishinabe
                                                                             tion company in Toronto that’s         we’re looking at how to create        people,” she says.
                                                                             starting to turn heads and take the    productions with broad commu-              That’s why Red Sky incorpo-
                                                                             arts community by storm. Red Sky       nicative powers.” Laronde has         rates traditional dance and music
                                                                             Performance is the brainchild of       taken her shows as far away as        from many indigenous back-
                          4” x 2”                                            Sandra Laronde, originally from
                                                                             Temagami. It’s an innovative out-
                                                                                                                    Switzerland and San Diego,
                                                                                                                                                          grounds into its unique produc-
                                                                                                                                                          tions. “This is the type of art and
                                                                             fit that takes a fresh approach to         She sees contemporary theatre     performance our people have
                                                                             theatre, all the while incorporat-     as primarily text-based, and does-    been doing since time immemori-
                                                                             ing many Anishinabe traditions         n’t think that necessarily suits      al.”
                                                                             and artistic methods into its many
                                                                             thriving performances.
                                                                                  “Red Sky to me is doing the
                                                                             things and creating productions I
                                                                             have never seen before,” says
                                                                             Laronde, in Red Sky’s headquar-
     Music & Film In Motion                                                  ters in downtown Toronto.
                                                                             Created in 2000, it has featured
                                                                             many unique and successful pro-
                                                                             ductions, including adaptations of
                                                                             Tomson Highway’s Caribou Song

                       4” x 4.5”                                             and Drew Hayden Taylor’s Raven
                                                                             Stole the Sun. In addition,
                                                                             Laronde conceived the stunning
                                                                             Dancing Americas performance -
                                                                             an exotic combination of tradi-
                                                                             tional indigenous dance and
                                                                             music from Canada and Mexico
                                                                             (with dancers and musicians from
                                                                             both countries) that’s explored
                                                                             through the migration of the
                                                                             monarch butterfly.
                                                                                  With this approach, Laronde
                                                                             says Red Sky has carved out a
                                                                             significant role for itself in the
                                                                             theatre spectrum. “It’s still pretty
                                                                             young, but what I foresee for Red      Red Sky's Sandra Laronde and Carlos Rivera in Caribou Song.
Page 16                                                                              Anishinabek News             April 2004

By Gordon Atkinson
    TORONTO – At six feet, eight
inches tall, Toronto Raptors for-
ward Mike Brady towered over
the Native youngsters who lined
up for his autograph during the
annual First Nations Day at the
Air Canada Centre.
    Over 300 Aboriginal students
and parents were in attendance as
guests of the National Basketball
Association's (NBA) Toronto
Raptors. First Nations Day is a
stay-in-school initiative of the
Anishinabek Education Institute
(AEI) that celebrates the educa-
tional accomplishments of First
Nations youth across Ontario.
    Immediately following their
special autograph session with
Brady, the dozen youngsters were
given the unique opportunity to
line up as “tunnel kids,” slapping
high fives to Brady and other
Raptors as they trotted out onto
the court for an NBA game with
the visiting New York Knicks.
    “First Nations Day is for the
kids in our communities,” said
Dave         Shawana,         Youth
Development Officer with the
Union of Ontario Indians. “It             Raptor Mike Brady towers over autograph-seekers,
rewards them for their success            including Kassandra McKeown of Alderville First
and accomplishments they have             Nation.
achieved throughout the school
year. This night out in Toronto and       would emerge victorious over
the NBA basketball game is                New York.
something that our youth are not              Kassandra, a straight A’s stu-
accustomed to and is a very spe-          dent, has attended First Nations
cial evening for them.”                   Day for the past three years, her
    In its three-year history, First      mother proudly noted.
Nations Day has seen close to                 The Raptors lost the game 103
1,400 students, parents and teach-
ers take part in the trip to the Air
                                          to 98, but busloads of Native kids
                                          and their parents had a night to                              NAAF
Canada Centre.                            remember.
    For 10-year-old Kassanda                  After the game Kassandra
McKeown it was “awesome” just             boarded a bus with 50 other peo-
being able to come to the game
and watch Vince Carter play.
                                          ple from Alderville First Nation
                                          and left this city of four million to                         6” x 6”
Kassanda, who stands just four-           return home to her community of
feet-seven, predicted the Raptors         300.

Anishinabek Nation Youth Council members Hank Monague, left, Beausoleil
First Nation, and Katie Beaver, right, Alderville, present gift of appreciation to
Michele Baptiste, National Manager of Aboriginal Relations for Scotiabank,
three-year sponsors of First Nations Day with the Raptors.
April 2004                                                                                 Anishinabek News                                                                                        Page 17

                                 Eshkeniijig/Youth                                                                                                                  Youth
                                                                                                                                                                    By R. Paul Nadjiwan
                                                                                                                                                                        Lately I have been working a great
                                                                                                                                                                    deal with Union of Ontario Indians
                                                                                                                                                                    Youth Development Officer Dave
                                                                                                                                                                    Shawana on initiatives that are geared
                                                                                                                                                                    towards establishing the goals, objec-
                                                                                                                                                                    tives, activities and overall workplan of
                                                                                                                                                                    the recently-elected Eshkeniijig Youth
                                                                                                                                                                        As Nation Building Co-ordinator I
                                                                                                                                                                    am helping the newly-elected members
                                                                                                                                                                    of the Eshkeniijig Youth Council
                                                                                                                                                                    become intimately more familiar with
                                                                                                                                                                    the daily operations of the program areas
                                                                                                                                                                    and political office at the Union of
                                                                                                                                                                    Ontario Indians.
                                                                                                                                                                        The youth are excited about the fact
                                                                                                                                                                    that the chiefs fully support the interests
                                                                                                                                                                    that are expressed by the voices of the
                                                                                                                                                                    Eshkeniijig, and there is no better way
                                                                                                                                                                    than having the youth meet all the UOI
Members of the first elected Youth Council of the Anishinabek Nation gathered at the Union of Ontario Indians corporate office in North Bay. From left, UOI Youth   staff and seeing the nature of work that
Development Officer Dave Shawana, Derek Yellowhead, (Namaygoosisagagun First Nation – Northern Superior male youth rep.), Katie Beaver, (Alderville First           their portfolios entail.
Nation – Southeast female youth rep.), Hank Monague, (Beausoleil First Nation – Southeast male youth rep.), Grand Council Chief Earl Commanda, Travis                   A comprehensive overview of the
Boissoneau, (Garden River First Nation – Lake Huron Region male youth rep.), Sandra Albert, (Chippewas of the Thames – Southwest Region female youth                UOI and words of encouragement were
rep.), Arnold Yellowman, (Chippewas of Aamjiwnaang – Southwest Region Male youth rep.), Paul Nadjiwan, UOI Nation Building Co-ordinator.                            provided by Grand Council Chief Earl
                                                                                                                                                                    Commanda during a working group ses-
                                                                                                                                                                    sion at the Elders Hall on March 19.
                                                                                                                                                                    Each youth rep has been allocated a
                                                                                                                                                                    portfolio and much of their efforts will
                                                                                                                                                                    focus on attending gatherings and con-
                                                                                                                                                                    ferences that involve large numbers of
                                                                                                                                                                    the UOI membership, where they can
                                                                                                                                                                    see firsthand the types of work being
                                                                                                                                                                    carried out across the territories of the 43
                                                                                                                                                                    member First Nations.
                                                                                                                                                                        Some of the major events in which
                                                                                                                                                                    they will be involved will be the 10th
                                                                                                                                                                    Annual Anishinaabemowin Language
                                                                                                                                                                    Conference March 25-28 in Sault Ste
                                                                                                                                                                    Marie, Michigan, and the Forestry
                                                                                                                                                                    Conference entitled: "Respecting the
                                                                                                                                                                    Resources – Sharing the Opportunities"
                                                                                                                                                                    in Sault Ste Marie May 5-6. They will
                                                                                                                                                                    also be participating in a fund-raising
                                                                                                                                                                    activity related to the Anishinabek

                                                 The Media Company                                                                                                  Nation 7th Generation Charities – the
                                                                                                                                                                    6th Annual Anishinabek Veterans Golf
                                                                                                                                                                    Tournament on June 22, and will attend
                                                                                                                                                                    the Assembly of the Grand Council of
                                                                                                                                                                    Chiefs June 1-3 at Whitefish Lake First
                                                                                                                                                                    Nation. I understand that they will also
                                                                  8” x 8.25”                                                                                        attend the Youth Gathering in
                                                                                                                                                                    M'Chigeeng. All the members of the
                                                                                                                                                                    Eshkeniijig Youth Council need to hear
                                                                                                                                                                    from all the youth throughout the mem-
                                                                                                                                                                    bership territory and in that way they
                                                                                                                                                                    will remain informed of the special
                                                                                                                                                                    activities in your area.
                                                                                                                                                                    Southeast Region:
                                                                                                                                                                        Female Representative – Katie
                                                                                                                                                                    Beaver, Alderville First Nation
                                                                                                                                                                        Male Representative – Hank
                                                                                                                                                                    Monague, Beausoliel First Nation
                                                                                                                                                                    Southwest Region:
                                                                                                                                                                        Female Representative – Sandra
                                                                                                                                                                    Albert, Chippewas of the Thames
                                                                                                                                                                        Male Representative – Arnold
                                                                                                                                                                    Yellowman,           Chippewas            of
                                                                                                                                                                    Lake Huron Region:
                                                                                                                                                                        Female Representative – Leah
                                                                                                                                                                    Boissoneau, Garden River First Nation
                                                                                                                                                                        Male Representative – Travis
                                                                                                                                                                    Boissoneau, Garden River First Nation
                                                                                                                                                                    Northern Superior Region:
                                                                                                                                                                        Female Representative – Bess
                                                                                                                                                                    Legarde, Fort William First Nation
                                                                                                                                                                        Male Representative – Derek
                                                                                                                                                                    Yellowhead, Namaygoosisagagun First
Page 18                                                                           Anishinabek News                                                                                April 2004

                                                Everybody’s a winner at 33rd
                                                Little NHL tournament
                                                                             By Darryl Hill                         game gets underway, the young           for a highlight-reel save. Even
                                                                                 SAULT STE. MARIE – The             puck-stopper is itching for some        though their tykes would go down
                                                                             33rd edition of the Little NHL         action as his team has to play with-    to defeat, their little goalie had
                                                                             tournament attracted 111 First         out him. The game remains score-        given them something to remem-
                                                                             Nations teams from across              less and at the 8:09 mark of the        ber.
                                                                             Ontario.                               first period his mask finally arrives                    ****
                                                                                 Hosts for the March Break          and he steps onto the ice while the          The spirit of the Little NHL is
Chimnissing Stars (Beausoleil) Peewee 'A' Champions                          event were the M’Chigeeng First        teams face off in the opposing end.     truly exemplified by the Whitesand
                                                                             Nation,        Kenjgewin         Teg       When the puck is dropped an         Warriors peewees as they are cho-
                                                                             Educational        Institute     and   opposing player springs loose on a      sen the “Best Fair Play” team.
                                                                             M’Chigeeng Minor Hockey, and           breakaway, heading toward the           After three games they are held
                                                                             this year’s theme was “Hockey          barely-settled-in young goalkeep-       scoreless while the opposition had
                                                                             ……Uniting Nations.”                    er. The player crosses the blueline     put up a big number of goals
                                                                                 The Little NHL is much more        for the breakaway showdown and          against them.
                                                                             than your ordinary hockey tourna-      the goaler prepares for his first            Each player receives a “loot
                                                                             ment, bringing together Nations,       challenge.                              bag” which they accept as if it was
                                                                             sharing cultures, strengthening            The shot is released and, to the    the Stanley Cup.
                                                                             individual communities, and build-     delight of anxious Ginoogaming                           ****
                                                                             ing character. Here are a few things   supporters, out pops a big leg pad           It was a good week for
                                                                             that make the Little NHL the pre-                                              Constance Lake Oji-Crees coach
                                                                             mier Native sporting event in                 CHAMPIONS                        Albert Sutherland. Not only did his
                                                                             Ontario.                               Tyke                                    team win the midget “A” champi-
                                                                                             ****                   Delaware Panthers             10        onships but he also won a draw for
Constance Lake Oji-Crees Midget 'A' Champions                                    It’s the opening game for the      Birch Island Eagles           11        a brand new van.
                                                                             Ginoogaming Winterhawks tykes          Novice                                                   ****
Longboat honourees                                                           and they have just taken the ice for
                                                                             the pre-game warm up.
                                                                                                                    Oneida Pride
                                                                                                                    Moose Factory Ice Hawks
                                                                                                                                                            The city of Sault Ste. Marie was
                                                                                                                                                            also a big winner. Economic
                                                                                  I notice that the Ginoogaming                                             Development             Corporation
selected for 2003                                                            goalie is standing in the dressing
                                                                             room area directly behind the net
                                                                             he should be occupying. He’s fully
                                                                                                                    Akwesasne Hotshots (shootout) 13
                                                                                                                    Eagle Lake Little Chiefs
                                                                                                                                                            spokesperson Patti Kidd says the
                                                                                                                                                            little NHL event translated into
                                                                                                                                                            1900 city visitors, 3,000 hotel
    AKWESASNE – The Aboriginal Sport Circle                                  dressed in his goalie equipment        Chimnissing Stars                       room nights, and $4.5 million in
(ASC), Canada's national voice for aboriginal sport,                         ready for action, but his goalie       (Beausoleil FN)               14        economic benefits to the city.
has named Six Nations lacrosse champion Delby                                mask is missing. With the warmup       Moose Cree Wolves             12             Shannon Bebamash, 2004
Powless Jr. and Alberta Cree runner Deanna Rose                              clock ticking down, his face grows     Bantam                                  Little NHL coordinator from
Sullivan as winners of the 2003 Tom Longboat award.                          more anxious with each passing         Wiky Hawks                    15        M’Chigeeng, proudly claims this
    In addition, Tammy Martin – softball – and Dave                          second and at the sounding of the      Moose Cree                    13        year’s tournament was the “best
Canadian – wrestling – were named as this year's                             game horn a look of sadness comes      Midget                                  little NHL ever” as she hands over
Longboat coaching honourees. Presentations of the                            across his face.                       Constance Lake Oji Crees      14        her files to Garden River, host of
awards for outstanding aboriginal sports achievers                                As the teams line up and the      Walpole Island                10        the 2005 tournament.
were made at the 31st Annual Canadian Sport Awards Delby Powless
in Toronto.
    Delby Powless Jr. was named to the 2003 All Star Team at the
Inaugural World Indoor Box Lacrosse Champion-
ships. Another member of the Six Nations of the Grand
River, he currently captains the Scarlet Knights Men's
Lacrosse Team at Rutgers University in New Jersey. A
sought-after prospect for professional lacrosse, his first
priority is to achieve his academic goals and become a
    With his lacrosse stick in hand he feels connected
to his culture, stating that Lacrosse is good medicine, it
brings our communities together – we celebrate togeth-
                                                                                                             Canadore College
                                                           Deanna Sullivan
er, we cheer together, we support each other.
    Deanna Rose Sullivan shares the same passion for running as Tom
Longboat. Her trail of success includes setting new records and compet-
ing for Team Alberta at the Legion Nationals and the
North American Indigenous Games. She has been                                                                               6” x 6”
named Athlete of the year by her high school and
Athletics Alberta. This is remarkable considering that
she has achieved all of this before her sixteenth birth-
    A member of the Fox Lake Cree Nation, she is not
only a gifted athlete, she is an honour student and a
committed community volunteer. She inspires every-
one around her by demonstrating that goals can be
achieved through hard work, dedication and discipline. Tammy Martin
    Tammy Martin is a member of the Cayuga Nation.
She has coached for eight years reaching new heights in 2003 by leading
her girl's fastball team to a silver medal at the Ontario Provincial Grand
Championships – the first ever for an all-Aboriginal
team. She encourages her athletes to be proud of their
heritage and to be respectful to others.
     Dave Canadian has been a wrestling coach for
more than 19 years. During this time he has led his
community wrestling team from Kahnawake Mohawk
Territory to 15 consecutive Greater Montreal Athletic
Association Championships. He has coached at the
Canada Games and led his athletes to 4 North
American Indigenous Games wrestling champi-
onships.                                                   Dave Canadian
April 2004        Anishinabek News   Page 19

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