Julius Caesar By William Shakespeare Tragedy – 1st element • Tragic Hero – great man of status, starts with everything, ends with nothing Tragedy – 2nd element • Tragic Flaw – obsession with power, greed, pride, etc. • Caesar’s tragic flaw: ________________ Tragedy – 3rd element • Tragic Story - death of tragic hero Tragedy – 4th element • Elements of supernatural, fate/fortune Conflict …the struggle between opposing forces • Internal conflict examples: • External conflict examples: Blank Verse • Writing with regular meter (rhythm) but no rhyme – Hence! home, you idle creatures get you home: Is this a holiday? what! know you not, Being mechanical, you ought not walk Upon a laboring day without the sign Of your profession? Speak, what trade art thou? • Characters who speak in blank verse: Prose • Writing that follows regular speech patterns with no specific rhythm or structure – Truly, sir, in respect of a fine workman, I am but, as you would say, a cobbler. • Characters who speak in prose: Iambic Pentameter • Iamb = foot Pent = 5 • Ten syllable line with five “feet” • One “foot” or “iamb” = (Stressed syllable + unstressed syllable) Iambic Pentameter • Wherefore rejoice? What conquest brings he home? Soliloquy • Long speech by a character who is typically alone • Example: Act III, Scene 1, lines 254-275 (pg 829) Aside • Comment made by a character to audience or another character, typically not heard by others on stage • Example: Act II, Scene 2, lines 124-end (pg. 815) Dramatic Irony • Readers know something characters do not • Example: Caesar’s death – we know it but he doesn’t Situational Irony • Difference between what is expected and what actually happens; oddness or unfairness of a situation • Example: Antony trying to figure out how to reduce Caesar’s generous will Verbal Irony • Difference between what is said and what is meant – Antony: “I come to bury Caesar, not to honor him.” – Antony: “Brutus is an honorable man” Climax • Most exciting, emotional high point • Point at which conflict begins to resolve – What is the major conflict in the play? Climax • Most exciting, emotional high point • Point at which conflict begins to resolve – What is the major conflict in the play? • Be able to argue why one or both is climax – Caesar’s assassination – Death of Brutus and Cassius Foreshadowing • Clues an author gives us for things that will happen later in the story • Examples: Resolution • How the conflict is resolved • Whose death is most noble? – Caesar? – Cassius? – Brutus? Protagonist • Central character • Action revolves around him/her • Undergoes main conflict • Who is the protagonist? Antagonist • Character that opposes the protagonist • Who is the antagonist? Theme • Lesson from story we can (realistically) apply to life • Themes are more than just one word – justice is a topic – justice always prevails is a theme • Possible themes?
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