FANCY A FENCE

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					THE GRAND STRATEGY NEWSLETTER                                                            VOLUME 6, NUMBER 1 - JANUARY 2001




Grand River   The Grand:
Conservation  A Canadian
 Authority   Heritage River




 Feature
 Fancy a Fence?           1
 Milestones
 Forest Plan              3
 Walper Hosts
 Workshop                 3

 What’s Happening?
 Unused Wells            4
 Latornell Symposium
 Great Canadian Rivers
                         4
                         5
                              FANCY A FENCE?
 Wetlands Conference     5    by Anne Loeffler, Grand River Conservation Authority
 Environmental Awards    5
                              In December, the snow is flying, but local           near the watercourses to provide them with easy
 Now Available                fencing contractors still had more than enough       access to drinking water. The resulting
 Trees for 2001          5    fencing jobs to finish before winter tightened its   streambank erosion and water quality degrada-
                              grip on the land. What’s going on? Why the           tion has affected humans and beasts down-
 Look Who’s Taking
                              demand for fencing contractors?                      stream, and thereby has become a societal issue.
 Action
                                 Stream fencing projects are part of the              But change is lurking around the upstream
 Special Recognition      5
                              reason. In the last two years, 18 projects to        bend. The change is happening on farms
 NA Water Trails Inc.     6
                              fence livestock from streams have been com-          throughout the Grand watershed, where more
 High Jinks at Shade’s    6
                              pleted under the Rural Water Quality Program         farmers than ever before are participating in
 Chiefswood               7
                              in the Region of Waterloo and Wellington             environmental programs. One such program is
 Did You Know?            7   County. Tree buffers have been established           the Environmental Farm Plan (EFP) program,
                              between the fence and the watercourse on most        which has been instrumental in helping farm
 Calendar                8
                              of the participating farms. And already there’s      families identify environmental areas of concern
                              interest from at least 30 farms to complete          and priorities for action on their farm. The EFP
 Cover photo
                              similar fencing/buffer projects next year.           also offers some limited financial assistance to
 Author and photographer         This increased fencing activity comes as a        the farmer taking these actions.
 Carl Hiebert captures the    surprise to some. After all, times are difficult         Once farmers have completed an EFP for the
 patterns and subtleties of   for farmers. Input costs are up; commodity           farm, they are eligible to receive financial
 the rural landscape. This    prices are down. Profit margins have decreased,      assistance from the Rural Water Quality Pro-
 small tributary has been     forcing intensification for many operations,         gram (RWQP). The RWQP offers technical and
 fenced and protected as      including those who pasture their livestock          financial assistance to implement a variety of
 part of the Rural Water      throughout the Grand watershed. On many              best management practices that improve and
 Quality Program.             farms, cattle have historically been pastured        protect water quality. Funded by the Regional
                                                                                                                        l See page 2
    FANCY A FENCE?




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                                                ○
    from page one




                                                ○
                                                ○
    Municipality of Waterloo, the County




                                                ○
    of Wellington and the City of Guelph,




                                                ○
                                                ○
    the RWQP programs have been able to




                                                ○
                                                ○
    provide over $700,000 in financial




                                                ○
    assistance to implement 160 water




                                                ○
                                                ○
    quality protection projects since 1998.




                                                ○
    The program is delivered to farmers by




                                                ○
                                                ○
    GRCA staff who conduct site visits,



                                                ○
                                                ○
    assist the farmer in the application


                                                ○
    process, and supply technical assist-

                                                ○
                                                ○
    ance as required.
                                                ○


       For example, a farmer is eligible to     ○
                                                ○




    receive up to $10,000 to share the cost
                                                ○
                                                ○




    of fencing livestock out of creeks.
                                                ○




    Eligible project items include fencing,         In 1999, this farm stream showed badly eroded banks, with sediment moving freely
                                                ○
                                                ○




    installation of a livestock stream              into the water. The stream was open and unshaded with poor water quality.
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    crossing, and an alternate water supply.
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    The RWQP pays for 75% of the costs if              The environmental benefits of stream        Public School recently helped establish
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                                                                                               ○
                                                ○




    the farmer has hired the job out to a           buffers are numerous. Streambank               a tree buffer in the Boomer Creek




                                                                                               ○
                                                ○




                                                                                               ○
    contractor; however, if the farmer              erosion is reduced; nutrient, pathogen         watershed. This project was supported
                                                ○




                                                                                               ○
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                                                                                                   by Home Hardware through the Tree




                                                                                               ○
    supplies the labour, he is reimbursed           and sediment inputs into the watercourse
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                                                                                               ○
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    for 100% of the cost of the materials.          decrease; fish habitat is protected and        Canada Foundation. Students spent




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                                                ○




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    The program also shares the cost of             enhanced; wildlife habitat and corridors       part of the day planting 180 hardwood
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    tree seedlings and saplings to be               are created. Benefits to the farming           saplings at the farm, and then planted

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                                                                                               ○
    planted in the newly retired stream             operation can include improved herd            25 saplings in their schoolyard to
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    buffer area at a rate of 75% to a               health, improved pasture productivity,     ○   provide shade.
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    maximum of $6,000. Former pasture               and windbreak and shading effects from             How do the students feel about
                                                                                               ○
                                                ○




    land which has been retired into trees          the trees in the buffer.                       participating in a stream buffer
                                                                                               ○
                                                ○




                                                                                               ○
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    through the program is also eligible for           There can be educational benefits as        planting? Here are some of their
                                                                                               ○
                                                ○




                                                                                                   answers:
                                                                                               ○




    a performance incentive of $250/acre/           well. The Grade 8 class from Linwood
                                                ○




                                                                                               ○
                                                ○




    year for up to three years to compensate
                                                ○
                                                ○




    the farmer for loss of production from
                                                ○




    the land, and to cover ongoing man-
                                                ○
                                                ○




    agement costs for weed control.
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                                                ○




       Obviously this cost share formula
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    has proven to be attractive to many. To
                                                ○
                                                ○




    date, RWQP fencing/buffer projects
                                                ○




    have resulted in the establishment of
                                                ○
                                                ○




    over 30,000 trees in stream buffers,
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                                                ○




    more than 13 kilometres of stream
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    fencing, and the exclusion of about 750
                                                ○
                                                ○




    head of livestock from watercourses.
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    The farmers themselves have supplied
                                                ○
                                                ○




    much of the labour. It is estimated that,
                                                ○
                                                ○




    to date, local farmers have contributed
                                                ○




    over 1,700 hours of labour to construct
                                                ○
                                                ○




    fences on their farms to restrict live-
                                                ○




                                                    In 2000, the same stream is already on its way to becoming a healthy, clean
                                                ○




    stock from creeks. An impressive
                                                ○




    indicator of commitment to environ-             watercourse. Fencing keeps out livestock, and new trees will eventually shade and
                                                ○




                                                    protect the stream.
                                                ○




    mental protection!
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                                                ○
                                                ○




2                                                                               SHARE THE RESOURCES - SHARE THE RESPONSIBILITY
                                            ○




                                                                                               ○
 • We helped prevent erosion. The                                                                      Walper Hosts Heritage




                                            ○
                                                Plan.




                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




                                                                                               ○
    stream buffer will clean up the                In early November the Steering                      Workshop




                                            ○




                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




                                                                                               ○
    water.                                      Committee for the Watershed Forest Plan




                                            ○




                                                                                               ○
                                                                                                       The Walper Terrace Hotel in
 • It was a cool experience. We                 met to review each draft section of the




                                            ○




                                                                                               ○
                                                                                                       Kitchener will be the host venue for




                                            ○




                                                                                               ○
    learned how to properly plant trees         plan and also to generate ideas and




                                            ○




                                                                                               ○
                                                                                                       the 4th Annual Heritage Day Work-




                                            ○
    and how important they are.                 action plans for implementation of the




                                                                                               ○
                                            ○
                                                                                                       shop on February 19, 2001, organized




                                                                                               ○
 • We helped animals that live in the           plan starting this spring. Many excellent




                                            ○




                                                                                               ○
                                                                                                       by The Grand Strategy Heritage




                                            ○




                                                                                               ○
    creek.                                      ideas were discussed and broad priorities




                                            ○




                                                                                               ○
 • The water will be cleaner so less                                                                   Working Group. This heritage inn




                                            ○
                                                were set. Some of the project and pro-




                                                                                               ○
                                            ○
                                                                                                       makes this an ideal location for the




                                                                                               ○
    people will get sick.                       gram recommendations of the Steering



                                            ○




                                                                                               ○
                                                                                                       workshop with its theme Heritage


                                            ○
 • We learned how to respect our                Committee are available to review on-




                                                                                               ○
                                            ○
                                                                                                       Makes $ense: Discover Why.




                                                                                               ○
    environment.                                line at the Watershed Forest Plan website
                                            ○




                                                                                               ○
                                                                                                          An inn at the centre of the commu-
                                            ○
 • By planting trees, we made the air




                                                                                               ○
                                            ○
                                                in the form of fact-sheets.




                                                                                               ○
                                                                                                       nity has welcomed visitors since early
                                            ○




    cleaner and fresher.                           Completed draft sections of the




                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




                                                                                                       settlers came to Sandhills (now




                                                                                               ○
 • It was good experience, good                 Watershed Forest Plan are also available
                                            ○




                                                                                               ○
                                                                                                       Kitchener). Originally the Varnum
                                            ○




                                                                                               ○
    exercise, and we got stronger.              on-line and broad community input on
                                            ○




                                                                                               ○
                                                                                                       Inn stood on the site at Schneiders
 • We were satisfied with the work we
                                            ○




                                                these sections is needed and encouraged.




                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




                                                                                                       Road (Queen South) and Preston




                                                                                               ○
    did.                                        People can then quickly and easily fill
                                            ○




                                                                                               ○
                                                                                                       Road (King Street). In 1836,
                                            ○




 • We enjoyed knowing that we made              out the on-line comments form for the




                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




                                                                                                       Frederick Gaukel purchased the inn,




                                                                                               ○
                                                section they wish to provide feedback on
                                            ○




    a difference!




                                                                                               ○
                                                                                                       enlarged it and renamed it Gaukel’s
                                            ○




                                                                                               ○
                                                and submit their comments for consid-
                                            ○




    Do you want to establish a fence




                                                                                               ○
                                                                                                       Hotel. The hotel saw several owners
                                            ○




                                                eration.




                                                                                               ○
 and stream buffer on your farm? For
                                            ○




                                                                                                       and name changes before C. H.




                                                                                               ○
                                                   Public open houses are also being
                                            ○




 more information on the Rural Water




                                                                                               ○
                                                                                                       Walper took over in 1886. Then
                                            ○




                                                scheduled for January and February to



                                                                                               ○
 Quality Program, contact the GRCA at
                                            ○




                                                                                                       known as the Commercial Hotel, the


                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




                                                give the general public an opportunity to


                                                                                               ○
 519-621-2761.
                                            ○




                                                                                                       building was destroyed by fire in

                                                                                               ○
                                                review the final draft of the WFP and
                                            ○




                                                                                               ○
                                                                                                       1892. The following year a new
                                            ○




                                                offer their comments and suggestions
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




                                                                                               ○
                                                                                                       building was erected as a high-class
                                                (see Grand Actions Calendar, page 8,
                                            ○




          MILESTONES
                                                                                               ○




                                                                                                       hotel at the cost of $74,000. In 1908,
                                            ○




                                                for details). The Watershed Forest Plan
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




                                                                                                       $4.50 a week supplied the guest with
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




                                                website will continue to play an impor-
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




 Milestones are progress or products of                                                                a room, meals and a maid to fill the
                                                                                               ○




                                                tant role in providing information to the
                                            ○




                                                                                               ○




                                                                                                       water pitcher, while beer and whiskey
                                            ○




 The Grand Strategy Joint Work Plan.            stakeholders groups and the public about
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




                                                                                                       sold for 5 cents a glass. Hotel rooms
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




                                                the plan, meeting dates and minutes, and
                                                                                               ○




 Forest Plan Comes
                                            ○




                                                                                                       were then lighted by gas jet, only two
                                                                                               ○




                                                about forest resources of the Grand River
                                            ○




 Together                                                                                              rooms had baths and there was one
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




                                                Watershed and about implementation of
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




                                                                                                       telephone in the lobby.
                                                                                               ○




                                                the plan. The final version of the plan is
                                            ○




 Even with much of the watershed
                                                                                               ○




                                                                                                          Since then the hotel has undergone
                                            ○




                                                to be completed in early spring this year.
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




 blanketed in a thick layer of snow, the                                                               many changes, from recognition as
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




 stakeholder groups of the Watershed               So take the opportunity to use the cold
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




                                                                                                       one of the best eating places in
                                                                                               ○




                                                months of winter to reflect on some of
                                            ○




 Forest Plan are already thinking of the
                                                                                               ○




                                                                                                       Canada to closing its doors in 1979
                                            ○




                                                the great trees you’ve known, planted,
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




 warmer days of spring and of course,                                                                  because of financial difficulties. In
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




 trees. Since the initial survey went out       climbed on, swung from or had in your
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




                                                living room decorated with lights. The                 1982, Fred Fontaine purchased the
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




 to the watershed community in No-                                                                     building and refurbished the hotel to
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




                                                forests of the Grand River benefit
                                                                                               ○




 vember of last year, the Watershed
                                            ○




                                                                                                       create an elegant reminder of its
                                                                                               ○




                                                everyone in the watershed; even if it’s
                                            ○




 Forest Plan has forged ahead with
                                                                                               ○




                                                                                                       golden age. The $7 million project
                                            ○




                                                just thoughts of fresh air and a shady
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




 broad public support, and great                                                                       succeeded; Tourism Ontario bestowed
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




 progress has been made towards its             retreat on a hot, summer’s day............in
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




                                                                                                       a five star rating on the hotel and
                                                January.
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




 completion. With the final draft                                                                      business is improving. This hand-
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




                                                   The Watershed Forest Plan website
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




 nearing completion, it is time to look                                                                some hotel in the heart of Kitchener
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




 forward to the immediate and long-             can be accessed through the GRCA
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




                                                                                                       is proof that preserving our heritage
                                                website at www.grandriver.on.ca
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




 term futures of the Watershed Forest                                                                  buildings can be a sound investment.
                                                                                               ○
                                            ○




                                                                                               ○
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                                                                                               ○
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                                                                                                   ○
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GRAND ACTIONS      . January 2001                                                                                                               3
                                              ○




                                                                                                     ○
                                                  than not, these unused wells are not                   prepared by Agriculture and Agri-food




                                              ○




                                                                                                 ○
                WHAT’S




                                              ○




                                                                                                 ○
                                                  properly maintained.                                   Canada and the Ontario Ministry of




                                              ○




                                                                                                 ○
              HAPPENING?




                                              ○




                                                                                                 ○
                                                     Even a well you’re not using now, but               Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs.




                                              ○




                                                                                                 ○
                                                  might be in the future, must be maintained             This BMP can be obtained by contact-




                                              ○




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○




                                                                                                 ○
    Unused Wells Pathways                         like a working well. A well that won’t be              ing the Ontario Federation of Agricul-




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○
    for Pollution                                 used again must be properly abandoned                  ture at (416) 485-3333. In the event that




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○
                                                  (plugged or sealed) to protect the aquifer             you need work done on your well, it




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○
    by Mitch Wilson, Hamilton-




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○
                                                  from surface contamination and to                      should be done by a contractor
    Wentworth Stewardship




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○
                                                  eliminate a safety hazard to humans,                   licenced by the Ontario Ministry of the




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○
    Council.




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○
                                                  livestock and wildlife.                                Environment.




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○
    What do think about when you drive               Well and aquifer contamination can                     Grand River watershed residents




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○
    the rural roads of the watershed? If          occur in many different ways. For                      planning to plug an unused well may be




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○
    you are a well contractor you probably        example, feedlots, animal yards, septic                eligible for assistance through the




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○




    ponder about the hundreds, if not             systems, manure storage, fertilizer and                Environmental Farm Plan program or




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○




    thousands, of unused wells that dot           pesticides can all contaminate your water              the Rural Water Quality Program. Call




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○




    the landscape. An unused well is a




                                                                                                 ○
                                                  supply. The amount of risk will depend                 the GRCA Soil and Water Conservation
                                              ○




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○




    general term used to describe a water         on the condition of your well and how                  Services at (519) 621-2761 for more




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○




    well that is not currently used or is         close it is to potential sources of contami-           information.




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○




    used occasionally.                            nation.




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○




                                                                                                         Latornell Symposium




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○




        Early farm and rural water supplies          Why should you be concerned? It is a




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○




                                                                                                 ○
    were drawn from streams, springs and          lot easier and cheaper to prevent con-
                                              ○




                                                                                                         The annual A.D. Latornell Conservation




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○




    hand-dug wells. Since the early days,         tamination than to try and clean it up.




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○




                                                                                                         Symposium provides a forum for




                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○




    the needs of rural residents, and the         Treating the water, constructing a new




                                                                                                 ○
                                                                                                         discussion and understanding around
                                              ○




    well technology to meet those needs,          well, or getting water from another



                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○




                                                                                                         emerging conservation issues. It is


                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○




    have evolved. Our reliance on a clean         source are all inconvenient and can be


                                                                                                 ○
                                                                                                         Ontario’s premier conservation
                                              ○




                                                                                                 ○
    and plentiful groundwater source has          expensive.
                                              ○




                                                                                                         conference, attracting over 400
                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○




    also grown. Our constant search for a            The correct way to plug a well de-
                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○




                                                                                                 ○       delegates annually. The 7th annual
    safe and reliable water supply on the
                                              ○




                                                  pends on the well’s construction. Meth-
                                                                                                 ○




                                                                                                         Symposium was held on October 23-25,
                                              ○




    farm or behind the house often results
                                                                                                 ○




                                                  ods of plugging unused wells are de-
                                              ○




                                                                                                         2000, at the Nottawasaga Inn in
                                                                                                 ○
                                              ○




    in the improper abandonment of one            scribed in the Best Management Prac-
                                                                                                 ○




                                                                                                         Alliston. Delegates came from conser-
                                              ○




                                                                                                 ○




    well for the use of another. More often       tices (BMP) book on Water Wells
                                              ○




                                                                                                         vation authorities, federal and provin-
                                                                                                 ○
                                                                                                 ○




                                                                                                         cial agencies, municipalities, and
                                                                                                 ○
                                                                                                 ○




                                                                                                         private business, universities and
                                                                                                 ○




                                                                                                         community groups.
                                                                                                 ○
                                                                                                 ○




                                                                                                            The theme was Growth and Conser-
                                                                                                 ○
                                                                                                 ○




                                                                                                         vation: Chaos or Compatibility, and
                                                                                                 ○




                                                                                                         focussed on the delicate balance
                                                                                                 ○
                                                                                                 ○




                                                                                                         between growth and conservation,
                                                                                                 ○




                                                                                                         urban and rural interests, and private
                                                                                                 ○
                                                                                                 ○




                                                                                                         benefits versus public good. Speakers
                                                                                                 ○
                                                                                                 ○




                                                                                                         delved into urban and rural issues
                                                                                                 ○




                                                                                                         around growth, the impacts of munici-
                                                                                                 ○
                                                                                                 ○




                                                                                                         pal amalgamation and restructuring,
                                                                                                 ○




                                                                                                         concerns about the changing land-
                                                                                                 ○
                                                                                                 ○




                                                                                                         scapes, aquatic habitat manipulation,
                                                                                                 ○
                                                                                                 ○




                                                                                                         and the ever-increasing demands we
                                                                                                 ○




                                                                                                         place on our water and land resources.
                                                                                                 ○
                                                                                                 ○




                                                                                                         Concurrent sessions dealt specifically
                                                                                                 ○




                                                                                                         with surface and groundwater issues,
                                                                                                 ○




    On March 26, 2001, TV viewers across Canada will learn what Grand River
                                                                                                 ○




    watershed residents already know. The Grand, pictured above, is a beautiful                          differing management approaches and
                                                                                                 ○
                                                                                                 ○




    Canadian Heritage River and an important part of our lives.                                          innovative tools and new technologies.
                                                                                                 ○
                                                                                                 ○
                                                                                                 ○




4                                                                              SHARE THE RESOURCES - SHARE THE RESPONSIBILITY
                                           ○
 Great Canadian Rivers




                                           ○
                                           ○
 A new television series, from Good




                                           ○
                                           ○
 Earth Productions, premieres across




                                           ○
                                           ○
 Canada on the Discovery Channel, on




                                           ○
 Monday, January 1, 2001, at 9:30 p.m.




                                           ○
                                           ○
 (EST).




                                           ○
                                           ○
    Great Canadian Rivers is narrated




                                           ○
 by actor/musician Tom Jackson and




                                           ○
                                           ○
 will profile thirteen of Canada’s



                                           ○
 greatest and most interesting rivers,


                                           ○
                                           ○
 each representing the natural and

                                           ○
                                           ○
 cultural heritage of Canada. Each half-
                                           ○

 hour episode focuses on one river,        ○
                                           ○




 while the series as a whole presents a
                                           ○




 variety of landscapes, regions and
                                           ○
                                           ○




 stories.
                                           ○
                                           ○




    Season One of Great Canadian
                                           ○




 Rivers includes visits to British             The Honourable John Snobelen, Minister of Natural Resources (left) and GRCA
                                           ○




                                               Chairman Peter Krause (right), present a GRCA Honour Roll Award to Gil
                                           ○




 Columbia’s Stikine, Fraser, and
                                           ○




                                               Henderson of Onondaga Farms.
                                           ○




 Gataga Rivers, Alberta’s Red Deer and
                                           ○




 Athabasca Rivers, Saskatchewan’s                 There are six award categories,
                                           ○




                                                                                                 For a list of available nursery stock




                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




 Churchill River, Manitoba’s Hayes             including agriculture, business, commu-




                                                                                             ○
                                                                                                 contact Brenda Armstrong at (519)
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○
 River, Ontario’s Grand and French
                                           ○




                                               nity, education, and stewardship of a             621-2763, ext. 250, or email



                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




 Rivers, Nova Scotia’s Margaree River,


                                                                                             ○
                                               natural area. Awards will be presented on         barmstrong@grandriver.on.ca For
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




 New Brunswick’s St. Croix River, plus         June 7, 2001, at the Kitchener City Hall.         information about assistance with your

                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○
 the Coppermine River in the NWT/
                                           ○




                                               The awards are being sponsored by                 tree planting contact Martin Neumann
                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




 Nunavut and the Yukon’s Yukon                 Region of Waterloo municipalities,            ○



                                                                                                 at (519) 621-2763, ext. 258, or email
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○




 River. Our own Grand River will be
                                           ○




                                               business groups, the Chamber of Com-              mneumann@grandriver.on.ca
                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




 featured at 9:30 p.m. on March 26,
                                                                                             ○




                                               merce, GRCA, and many other environ-
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




 2001.                                         mental organizations.
                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




                                                                                                         LOOK WHO’S
                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




                                                  For nomination forms, or more
                                                                                             ○




 Wetlands Conference
                                           ○




                                               information about the nomination                        TAKING ACTION
                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




 Postponed
                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




                                               guidelines and categories, contact Regan
                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○




                                               Bowers of the Chamber of Commerce at
                                           ○




 The Wetlands Conference, scheduled
                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




                                               (519) 576-5000. And yes, it is OK to              Special Recognition
                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




 for January 25, 2001, has been post-
                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




 poned until March. The new date will          nominate yourself. The Awards Committee
                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




                                                                                                 The Honourable John Snobelen,
                                               would like to know about your efforts.
                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




 be posted as soon as possible. The                                                              Minister of Natural Resources, was the
                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




 conference will encourage dialogue
                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




                                                                                                 Guest of Honour at the GRCA Special
                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




 around existing issues and policies
                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




                                                                                                 Recognition Awards and Honour Roll
                                                       NOW AVAILABLE
                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




 relating to wetlands to assist the                                                              Ceremony on November 24, 2000, at the
                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




 GRCA in revising its current wetland
                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




                                                                                                 GRCA Administration Centre. Mr.
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○




 policies.                                                                                       Snobelen presented the awards and
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○




                                               Trees for 2001
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○




                                                                                                 brought greetings from Premier Harris.
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○




 Environmental Awards
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○




                                               If you have a large tree-planting project            Recipients of Grand River Watershed
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○




 Nominations are now being sought for                                                            Conservation Awards were:
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○




                                               in mind, the GRCA may be able to help.
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○




 the Region of Waterloo Environmental          Tree planting assistance can be arranged          Conestogo Winterbourne Optimists -
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○




 Sustainability Awards. Each year              for spring 2002, and trees (without               for extensive community work, and trail
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○




 individuals and organizations are             planting assistance) may still be available       maintenance on trails such as the Trans
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○




 recognized for their commitment to            for spring of 2001.                               Canada Trail.            l See page 6
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○




 conserving our natural heritage.
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○
                                           ○




                                                                                             ○




GRAND ACTIONS      . January 2001                                                                                                          5
                                                   ○
    AWARDS




                                                   ○
    from page five




                                                   ○
                                                   ○
    Ken Hunsberger (St. Agatha) - for a




                                                   ○
                                                   ○
    wide range of conservation farming




                                                   ○
    practices, and his work with numerous




                                               ○   ○
    farm organizations.




                                               ○
                                               ○
    Dr. Jean Steckle (Kitchener) - for her




                                               ○
    work to support the environment,




                                               ○
                                               ○
    education and heritage programs at the




                                               ○
                                               ○
    Steckle Heritage Homestead.



                                               ○
                                               ○
    Six Nations Eco Centre (Ohsweken) -

                                               ○
    for environmental and educational
    programs provided by the Eco Centre.       ○
                                               ○
                                               ○
                                               ○




    Mike and Mary Konkle (Dunnville) -
                                               ○




    for their extensive plantings in
                                               ○
                                               ○




    Dunnville, and their work with the
                                               ○
                                               ○




    Haldimand Community Forest Initia-
                                               ○




    tive.                                              Members of the Ancient Mariners Canoe Club of Cambridge take to the water with
                                               ○
                                               ○




       In addition a GRCA Honour Roll                  enthusiasm and ambition for their mini-Olympics at Shade’s Mills this fall.
                                               ○




    Award was presented to Gil
                                               ○
                                               ○




    Henderson (of Onondaga Farms, south                trails organizers on all levels in the United            High Jinks at Shade’s




                                                                                                        ○
                                               ○




                                                                                                        ○
                                                                                                                Mills
                                               ○




    of Cambridge) for his lifelong support             States and Canada to apply these guiding




                                                                                                        ○
                                               ○




    of environmental restoration, conserva-            principles to their trail. The result will be




                                                                                                        ○
                                               ○




                                                                                                                by Ron Anderson and Eric


                                                                                                        ○
                                               ○




    tion farming, and education.                       greater care for the waters and lands along



                                                                                                        ○
                                                                                                                Thomlinson
                                               ○




                                                                                                        ○
                                                       the trails and less need for official policing
                                               ○




                                                                                                        ○
                                               ○




    North American Water                               and regulation.”                                         The Ancient Mariners Canoe Club of
                                                                                                        ○
                                               ○




    Trails Inc.                                                                                         ○
                                               ○




                                                           Modern water trails are recreational         ○
                                                                                                                Cambridge held a mini-Olympics at
                                               ○




                                                       waterways between specific locations                     Shade’s Mills in September. Fourteen
                                                                                                        ○
                                               ○




    North American Water trails, Inc. is a
                                                                                                        ○
                                               ○




                                                       containing access points and day use                     canoes participated. The stands were
                                                                                                        ○
                                               ○




    coalition of organizations and individu-
                                                                                                        ○




                                                                                                                filled with at least 200 gulls and
                                               ○




                                                       sites. A trail might include small-boat
    als committed to the establishment of
                                                                                                        ○
                                               ○




                                                       launches, shore access and overnight                     numerous migrating ducks. Included
                                                                                                        ○
                                               ○




    recreational waterways on North
                                                                                                        ○
                                               ○




                                                       campsites. The North American Water                      in the competition were grueling
                                                                                                        ○
                                               ○




    American interior and coastal waters.
                                                       Trails Guiding Principles are:                           events such as “bowman’s bluff”
                                                                                                        ○
                                               ○




    Membership includes volunteer
                                                                                                        ○
                                               ○




                                                       • Partnerships - Cooperating and Sharing                 where the stern paddler wears a
                                                                                                        ○
                                               ○




    groups, public interest organizations,
                                                       • Stewardship - Leaving No Trace
                                                                                                        ○
                                               ○




                                                                                                                blindfold and the bow paddler, who
    government agencies, private compa-
                                                                                                        ○
                                               ○




                                                       • Volunteerism - Experiencing the Joy of                 has no paddle, has to talk his way
                                                                                                        ○
                                               ○




    nies and dedicated individuals.
                                                                                                        ○
                                               ○




                                                           Involvement                                          around the course; the “100 metre
                                                                                                        ○
                                               ○




        The coalition has announced a new
                                                       • Education - Learning by Experience                     splash” where both canoeists paddle
                                                                                                        ○
                                               ○




    set of eight guiding principles to
                                                                                                        ○
                                               ○




                                                       • Conservation - Protecting our Natural                  with the blade up and the shaft down;
                                               ○




                                                                                                        ○




    address every aspect of water trail
                                               ○




                                                                                                        ○




                                                           and Cultural Heritage                                and the “roll away relay” where the
    development and use from partner-
                                               ○




                                                                                                        ○




                                                       • Community Vitality - Connecting                        buoys must be rounded stern first.
                                               ○




                                                                                                        ○




    ships and stewardship to education
                                               ○




                                                                                                        ○




                                                           People and Places                                        A demonstration sport was a
                                               ○




                                                                                                        ○




    and conservation. The principles are
                                                       • Diversity - Providing Opportunities for                thorough cleanup of debris on the
                                               ○




                                                                                                        ○




    designed to better assist local water
                                               ○




                                                                                                        ○




                                                           All                                                  shores of the lake. The Ancient
                                               ○




                                                                                                        ○




    trails organizers as they develop new
                                               ○




                                                                                                        ○




    trails or maintain existing trails.
                                                       • Wellness and Wellbeing - Caring for                    Mariners excel at this event and
                                               ○




                                                                                                        ○




                                                           Self and Others                                      practise year round while hiking and
                                               ○




                                                                                                        ○




        “These principles highlight what we
                                               ○




                                                                                                        ○




                                                           For more information about North                     canoeing on the trails and waterways
                                               ○




                                                                                                        ○




    believe are the best, most important
                                               ○




                                                                                                            ○




                                                       American Water Trails Inc. call Barbara                  of the Grand River valley.
    aspects of modern water trails,” said
                                               ○




                                                                                                            ○




                                                       Veale at (519) 621-2763, ext. 274, or email                  Medals were awarded but no one
                                               ○




                                                                                                            ○




    North American Water Trails President
                                               ○




                                                                                                            ○




                                                       bveale@grandriver.on.ca                                  seems to remember who won. We
                                               ○




                                                                                                            ○




    Brook Lenker. “We encourage water
                                               ○




                                                                                                            ○
                                               ○




                                                                                                            ○
                                               ○




                                                                                                            ○
                                               ○




                                                                                                            ○




6                                                                                     SHARE THE RESOURCES - SHARE THE RESPONSIBILITY
                                                                                           ○
                                          ○
 expect the competition will be held          were planted by local school children                downtown Kitchener.




                                                                                           ○
                                          ○




                                                                                           ○
                                                                                               • The area of North and South




                                          ○
 again in 2001. The Ancient Mariners          and Six Nations community volunteers.




                                                                                           ○
                                          ○
                                              Other partners who helped with these                 Dumfries was bought from the Six




                                                                                           ○
 Canoe Club, founded in 1988, is an




                                          ○




                                                                                           ○
                                          ○
 affiliate of the Cambridge Seniors           projects include Grand River Employ-                 Nations for 8,841 British pounds. It




                                                                                           ○
                                          ○




                                                                                           ○
                                              ment and Training, Sweet Grass Gar-                  was later named by William




                                          ○
 Centres and an avid supporter of the




                                                                                           ○
                                          ○
 GRCA.                                        dens, and the Ministry of Natural                    Dickson after his native town in




                                                                                           ○
                                          ○




                                                                                           ○
                                          ○
                                              Resources. This year’s projects also                 Scotland. Dumfries is said to be




                                                                                           ○
                                          ○
 Chiefswood National                          include the reconstruction of the                    derived from “dun Fris, the




                                                                                           ○
                                          ○




                                                                                           ○
                                          ○
 Historic Site                                summer kitchen, holding a Writer’s                   Fresian’s fortress”.




                                                                                           ○
                                          ○
                                                                                               •




                                                                                           ○
                                          ○
                                              Circle and participating in a community              Phineas Varnum, first innkeeper in




                                                                                           ○
 Chiefswood, the mansion birthplace


                                          ○
                                              collaborative play.                                  Sandhills in the early 1800s,




                                                                                           ○
                                          ○
 of Mohawk poet E. Pauline Johnson,




                                                                                           ○
                                          ○
                                                 For more information about                        allowed free use of a tiny log cabin




                                                                                           ○
                                          ○
 is situated on a ridge overlooking the
                                              Chiefswood, call (519) 752-5005, or                  for Mennonite immigrants coming




                                                                                           ○
                                          ○




 Grand River, on Highway 54 at




                                                                                           ○
                                          ○




                                              email: chiefs@execulink.com                          to the country with little money. The




                                                                                           ○
                                          ○




 Ohsweken. Chiefswood, built in 1853,




                                                                                           ○
                                          ○




                                                                                                   Varnum Inn became the first official
                                          ○




                                                                                           ○
 symbolizes the Johnson family’s role
                                                                                                   trading post for the natives of the
                                          ○




                                                                                           ○
 as intermediaries between aboriginal                   DID YOU KNOW?
                                          ○




                                                                                           ○
                                                                                                   area. Many Indian families would
                                          ○




                                                                                           ○
 and non-aboriginal cultures. The Six
                                                                                                   come to trade and sleep in the warm
                                          ○




                                                                                           ○
 Nations Council received the home
                                          ○




                                                                                           ○
                                                                                                   inn kitchen before returning home.
                                          ○




                                                                                           ○
 and 225 acre estate as a bequest from        • When Absolom Shade, founder of                 •
                                          ○




                                                                                           ○
                                                                                                   From 1854 to 1855 barges carried
                                          ○




 the last surviving member of the




                                                                                           ○
                                                  Shade’s Mills, later known as Galt,              more than 20 million feet of lumber
                                          ○




                                                                                           ○
 Johnson family, Miss Evelyn H. C.
                                          ○




                                                                                           ○
                                                  died in 1862, his fortune was esti-              and 400 thousand bushels of grain
                                          ○




                                                                                           ○
 Johnson, in 1926.                                mated at $300,000. No less than 60
                                          ○




                                                                                                   down the Grand River from points




                                                                                           ○
     Chiefswood has undergone several
                                          ○




                                                                                           ○
                                                  heirs later made claims to his estate.           between Freeport, Galt and
                                          ○




                                                                                           ○
 periods of restoration, completed            •
                                          ○




                                                  The Eby and Schneider farms in


                                                                                           ○
                                                                                                   Brantford to the port of Buffalo.
                                          ○




 mainly by volunteers with enormous

                                                                                           ○
                                                  Sandhills in the early 1800s encom-
                                          ○




                                                                                                                          l See page 8

                                                                                           ○
 community support and effort (see
                                          ○




                                                                                           ○
                                                  passed what is now almost the whole
                                          ○




                                                                                           ○
 Grand Actions, September 1998). The
                                          ○
                                          ○




 restored house is open to visitors and
                                          ○




 many restoration activities continue
                                          ○
                                          ○




 on the land. These include landscaping
                                          ○




 improvements and regeneration of the
                                          ○
                                          ○




 site based on photo documentation and
                                          ○
                                          ○




 historical records. A meadow rehabili-
                                          ○




 tation project involved the removal of
                                          ○
                                          ○




 the existing European-developed
                                          ○
                                          ○




 grass and replacement with grass
                                          ○




 native to the area. An archaeological
                                          ○
                                          ○




 dig has excavated hidden treasures.
                                          ○




 Six Nations students participated in
                                          ○
                                          ○




 the dig, which took place on the east
                                          ○
                                          ○




 side of the house, on the site of the
                                          ○




 old summer kitchen. Archaeologist Dr.
                                          ○
                                          ○




 John Triggs identified the found items
                                          ○
                                          ○




 and ensured they were properly
                                          ○




 catalogued.
                                          ○
                                          ○




     Two thousand trees have been
                                          ○




 planted around the estate perimeter.
                                          ○
                                          ○




 Canada Trust Friends of the Environ-
                                          ○
                                          ○




 ment, Brantford Chapter, provided            Native grasses and colourful wildflowers will welcome future visitors to Chiefswood
                                          ○




 $5,114 to purchase the trees, which          National Historic Site in Brantford.
                                          ○
                                          ○
                                          ○
                                          ○
                                          ○




GRAND ACTIONS     . January 2001                                                                                                           7
    DID YOU KNOW?




                                                                                            ○
                                                                                                    of air over the Grand River basin




                                              ○
                                                      given the name Kitchener in 1916.




                                                                                            ○
                                              ○
    from page seven                                                                                 holds in summer holds an average of
                                                  •




                                                                                            ○
                                                      In March 1916, as the Imperial




                                              ○




                                                                                            ○
    • James Lee, famous for the Lee




                                              ○
                                                      Hotel in Galt burned to the ground,           22 mm of water, while in the winter




                                                                                            ○
                                              ○
       Metford and Lee Enfield rifles, was                                                          it holds only 5 mm, since warm air




                                                                                            ○
                                              ○
                                                      a fireman drenched with water was




                                                                                            ○
                                              ○
     . born in Scotland but arrived in Galt           frozen to a ladder. Axes were used            can hold more water vapour than




                                                                                            ○
                                              ○




                                                                                            ○
       in 1836 with his parents. His father                                                         cold air.




                                              ○
                                                      to chip him free and his hands and




                                                                                            ○
                                              ○
       became Galt’s first watchmaker and                                                       •   As recently as 13,000 years ago, the




                                                                                            ○
                                              ○
                                                      face were frozen.




                                                                                            ○
                                              ○
       jeweler, and James learned the             •   Monticello in the north of the                entire Grand River basin was




                                                                                            ○
                                              ○
       trade of watchmaker in his shop.                                                             covered in glacial ice. The mean




                                                                                            ○
                                              ○
                                                      Grand River watershed receives




                                                                                            ○
                                              ○
    • In 1901, Canada’s first sugar beet                                                            annual temperature at that time was




                                                                                            ○
                                                      only 18 mm of rain in an average



                                              ○




                                                                                            ○
                                              ○
       factory was built in Berlin on                 January, while Dunnville in the               probably about -4 degrees C.




                                                                                            ○
                                              ○
       Lancaster Street to process the                                                          •   According to University of Waterloo




                                                                                            ○
                                              ○
                                                      south receives 27 mm. The chances




                                                                                            ○
                                              ○
       large quantities of sugar beet grown           of a white Christmas are 60% in               researchers, the 1700s had a climate




                                                                                            ○
                                              ○




                                                                                            ○
       in the area at that time.              ○




                                                      Brantford and 80% in Monticello.              similar to the present, while warmer,




                                                                                            ○
                                              ○




    • Kitchener was known as Sandhills,           •                                                 moister conditions prevailed in the




                                                                                            ○
                                                      It has been estimated that a column
                                              ○




                                                                                            ○
                                              ○




       Ebytown and Berlin before being                                                              early to mid-1800s.




                                                                                            ○
                                              ○




                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○
                                                                                                ABOUT THIS




                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○
                                                                                                NEWSLETTER




                                                                                            ○
                      THE GRAND STRATEGY CALENDAR




                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○
                                                                                                This newsletter is produced as a




                                                                                            ○
                                                                                                communications tool by the Grand




                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○
     Watershed Forest Plan Open Houses will be held as follows:                                 River Conservation Authority on behalf




                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○
     January 31, 2001, 7 to 9 p.m., GRCA, 400 Clyde Road, Cambridge.                            of the partners in The Grand Strategy.




                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○
     February 5, 2001, 7 to 9 p.m., Caledonia Legion, 29 Caithness St. E.,   Caledo-


                                                                                            ○
     nia.                                                                                       This newsletter can be seen on the

                                                                                            ○
                                                                                                Internet at www.grandriver.on.ca
                                                                                            ○
     February 12, 2001, 7 to 9 p.m., Drayton Arena, 68 Main Street West, Drayton.
                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○

     February 13, 2001, 7 to 9 p.m., Grand Valley Community Centre, 90 Main St., Grand      ○



                                                                                                For information on The Grand
     Valley.                                                                                    Strategy
                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○




     For more information contact Jason Culp, (519) 621-2761, ext. 259.                         Contact Barbara Veale, GRCA,
                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○




                                                                                                400 Clyde Road, Box 729, Cambridge
                                                                                            ○




     The Wetlands Conference originally scheduled for January 25, 2001, has been
                                                                                                ON N1R 5W6.
                                                                                            ○




     postponed until March.
                                                                                            ○




                                                                                                Phone: (519) 621-2761 or 621-2763,
                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○




     4th Annual Heritage Day Workshop, February 19, 2001, from 9:00 a.m. to 4:30                ext. 274.
                                                                                            ○




     p.m., at the historic Walper Terrace Hotel, Kitchener. The theme is Heritage               Fax: (519) 621-4844
                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○




     makes $ense: Discover Why. For more information contact Barbara Veale, (519)               Email: bveale@grandriver.on.ca
                                                                                            ○




     621-2763, ext. 274, or email bveale@grandriver.on.ca                                       Website: www.grandriver.on.ca
                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○




     Water Managers Working Group meeting, February 22, 2001, at 1.30 p.m., at
                                                                                            ○




                                                                                                For newsletter submissions
     the GRCA, 400 Clyde Road, Cambridge.
                                                                                            ○




                                                                                                Contact the Editor, Liz Leedham,
                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○




     Ontario’s Rural Tourism Conference Beyond the City Lights, February 25 to                  c/o Barbara Veale at the above address.
                                                                                            ○




     27, 2001, at Queen Landing Inn, Niagara-on-the-Lake. For further information,              Newsletter submissions must be made
                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○




     contact Cathy Bartolic at 1-800-668-6284, or (519) 763-3160, ext. 229. Email:              by the 15th of the month prior to
                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○




     bartolic@oati.com                                                                          publication, and may be subject to
                                                                                            ○




                                                                                                editorial change. Tax deductible
                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○




                                                                                                donations and sponsorships toward the
     Thank you to all who contributed to Grand
                                                                                            ○




                                                                                                cost of producing this newsletter are
                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○




     Actions over the past year, and a Happy New                                                always welcome.
                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○




     Year to all our readers.
                                                                                            ○




                                                                                                Publications Mail
                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○




                                                                                                Agreement #1448471
                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○
                                                                                            ○




8                                                                              SHARE THE RESOURCES - SHARE THE RESPONSIBILITY

				
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