Alcohol and Drug Awareness by wulinqing

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									                                   I would be so proud if one of
We have a very important task
                                    our leaflets or booklets was
today. We are going to try and
                                   sent to a health institution in
help people in our community,
                                          our community.
by giving them the right health
     or well-being advice.                WE CAN DO IT!




                           OAB    OAB
• Introduce you to life-long learning skills that will help
  you become the best learners.
• Learn about how to stay safe and avoid danger.
• To familiarise you with different illnesses and diseases
  and how to avoid or manage them.
• To learn how to look after your health and how to
  help others.
• To create a health campaign on one area in this
  PowerPoint to warn others about their health and
  well-being.
 (10 students will win £20 each for creating the
 best health campaign leaflet or booklet).
• Before you start the challenge read the next 7
  steps on the best study skills (IRDSAEC –
  identify, research, dissect, summarise, analyse,
  evaluate and create).
• This will help you for all your lessons, exams,
  college and university.
• It will also help you think about the best study
  skills tips to use for this challenge.
1. Identify means recognising.
2. Identify what the question or issue is asking you to
   look at.
3. Ask someone (a teacher/professional) whether you
   have interpreted the question correctly.
4. Identify where you are going to find all the
   information e.g. classroom notes, books, journals,
   internet, teacher, professionals etc. – Academy
   website (hint).
5. Identify a plan of action.
1. Research means to study and investigate information and facts to
   find the best answer to the question or issue addressed.
2. You will need to use class notes, course books, internet, CD ROMs,
   teacher knowledge, primary information (this involves information
   from the original person or source) and secondary information (this
   involves information that has been put together by someone else
   and not the original person or source).
3. You will need to look at research for and against the question
   posed. Always tell where you got your research from (reference).
4. You will need to address what the research suggests about the
   world we live in.
5. You will need to look at descriptions and examples that describe and
   use key words.
1. Dissecting information means being able to
   pick out or break down the most important research
   information that will answer the question or issue
   to be addressed.
2. The research you dissect should represent many
   different views.
3. You should always be able to give reasons why you
   have chosen to look at (examine) certain pieces of
   research. This will make your answer more reliable
   and believable.
1. Summarising information means to shorten (briefly explain)
   the main research you dissected and would like to use.
2. Make sure that the main points that you are going to use
   answer the question or issue in an easy to follow way.
3. The following techniques will enable you to summarise
   findings and information effectively; skim read, highlight
   information and jot down key points and what section they
   address for the answer i.e. introduction, key information and
   people, examples, points for/against, conclusion etc.
4. By summarising relevant findings and information, you are
   allowing yourself to give the best evidence forward from
   many points of view. This shows you have not given a biased
   argument due to lack of investigated knowledge.
1. In order to analyse the information you summarised, you
   need to be able to break it up into smaller parts to explore
   understanding, similarities and differences between the
   information you found. Because information comes in
   many different shapes and sizes, this is not an easy thing
   to do without practice.
2. There are a number of important skills you need to learn
   in order to be able to confidently analyse different forms
   of information. They are: planning, finding, outlining,
   comparing and organising.
3. By analysing your findings and any other information you
   may have used for your answer, you demonstrate that you
   are able to think at a higher level about the question you
   are answering.
1. Evaluating means that you need to be able to find
   reasons why you have chosen to use certain points of
   information for your answer.
2. There are a number of important skills you will learn
   in order to effectively evaluate the information you
   have found. They are: critiquing, judging, testing and
   monitoring a balanced answer.
3. Once you are able to evaluate your work, you will be
   able to show that you can make decisions about what
   information to use when answering a question, and
   that you can explain and justify why you chose to use
   that information. This means you are working at one
   of the highest levels of thinking.
1. Creating (or creation) is the most complex IRDSAEC skill. It
   means making or designing something either through
   words, art or a skill. Creating requires you to produce
   something new through imaginative skill (for example;
   creating an essay plan, creating a solution to a problem or
   creating further areas for investigation about a problem).
2. Creating requires you to link and apply all of the 6 previous
   IRDSAE parts, in order to provide a solution or a way of
   doing something. Research shows that it is the highest
   thinking skill you can use.
3. By using the IRDSAEC process students can become
   familiar in developing the following creative skills:
   designing, formulating, planning, taking risks, modifying,
   proposing, sharing and active participation.
• Task 1: Find 1 person to watch the 4 short video
  clips on the Academy website with you on:

1. CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) on a baby
2. CPR on a child
3. CPR on an adult
4. Recovery position

 Please print off the slip called ‘Emergency Fist
 Aid - Pass it Forward’ and get the person to sign
 that they watched the 4 video clips with you.
• Task 2: Choose 1 health and well-being topic from this
  PowerPoint to read about and then create a leaflet or
  booklet to warn people on either: drugs, alcohol, being
  healthy, eating disorders, diabetes, heart disease,
  emergency first aid or sexual health – you will need
  permission from an adult in your house to read about this
  topic it also covers staying safe online. It is on a separate
  PowerPoint called ‘Sexual Health and Staying Safe online’.
  Use the Health Campaign Evidence Log for your notes
  – this with your leaflet/booklet is the first part of the
  Edexcel Foundation (KS3) or Higher (KS4) Project
  qualification.
Cardiopulmonary
  Resuscitation
   (CPR) is an
   emergency
 procedure for a
    victim of a
  cardiac arrest
  The recovery
position is used
 for people who
are unconscious
(passed out) but
  still breathing
 A bandage is a specialist piece of material
  used to either support a medical device such
  as a dressing or splint, or it can be used on its
  own to provide support to the body.
 Bandages are available in a wide range of
  types. There are generic cloth strips and
  specialised shaped bandages designed for a
  specific limb or part of the body.
 Bandages can often be improvised as the
  situation demands, using clothing, blankets
  or other material.
 Remember before you bandage something it
  might need an x-ray to make sure it is not
  broken.
 Choking covers all areas where something is
  caught in the throat.

 Grabbing your neck with both hands is the
  universal sign for choking.

 Previously abdominal thrusts (Heimlich
  manoeuvre) were used alone to clear the airways.

 New guidelines suggest if the victim is conscious
  try to get them to cough or drink water.

 If this does not work then you slap the back 5
  times to try to dislodge the blockage.

 Finally administer abdominal thrusts if the
  above things did not work.
According to the charity Diabetes UK, more than 2 million
people in the UK have the condition, and up to 750,000 more are
believed to have it without realising they do.

Diabetes is a condition where the pancreas stops producing or does
not produce enough insulin.

Diabetes is divided into two categories: Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.
*Diabetes Type 1: Results from the body's failure to produce
insulin. This usually starts in childhood or young adulthood.
*Diabetes Type 2: You still make insulin, however you develop
diabetes because you do not make enough insulin for your body's
needs and or the cells in your body do not use insulin properly, can
lead to type 1. This tends to affect people as they get older, and
usually appears after the age of 40.
                                                Our grandpa has
                                                type 1 diabetes
For type 1 diabetes, two factors are believed to be
important in causing this condition:
1. Heredity - if your family have it you are more likely
    to have it).
2. Viral infections that damage the pancreas.


For type 2 diabetes, two factors are believed to be
important in causing the condition:
1. Heredity.
2. Unhealthy and inactive lifestyles.


Eating too much sugar alone does not cause diabetes.
Medication
Type 1: Diabetes is managed through insulin injections.
Type 2: Diabetes is managed through tablets or insulin.

Diet
Type 1: Most type 1 diabetics are thin, so weight reduction is not part
of their program. They are encouraged to eat a diet filled with protein.
Type 2: Losing weight is believed to be very beneficial. A diet that is high in
fibre has been shown to reduce high blood sugar levels in type 2 diabetics.

Your health
If you do not look after your diabetes, there will be lasting effects on your
body. These include:
* Eye Damage            * Kidney Damage
                                                                    I dance everyday and
                                                                    watch that I don’t eat
                                                                       too many cakes.
* Heart Disease        * Nerve Damage                                   I still eat some!
Excessive thirst - unrelated to exercise, hot weather, or short-
term illness
Excessive hunger - you know you’ve eaten ‘enough’ but are still
hungry all the time
Frequent urination - often noticed because you must wake up
repeatedly during the night
Tiredness and fatigue - possibly severe enough to make you fall
asleep unexpectedly after meals.
Rapid and/or sudden weight loss - any dramatic change in
weight is a sign to visit a doctor


If diabetes is suspected, tested for and diagnosed when those
symptoms first start appearing, other more serious symptoms of
advanced diabetes can often be prevented, like heart disease
and/or strokes.                                      Knowing
                                                  symptoms saves
                                                      lives!
You can not prevent type 1 diabetes.

You can help prevent developing pre-diabetes (borderline) and type
2 diabetes, by making healthy lifestyle choices, which will also
improve your quality of life.

To do this you need to:
* Keep your weight down
* Exercise
* Eat fruit and vegetables
* Have a low sugar diet

Have regular checkups - if you are a borderline diabetic you can do
something about it before you actually get the disease.
Hyperglycaemia
Occurs when blood sugar becomes unhealthily high, caused by
illnesses like flu, too little blood insulin, too little exercise or a
sudden large food intake.

It can cause dehydration, skin infections and even blurred vision,
but in the long term it’s much more fatal - continued
hyperglycaemia can cause organ damage, possibly resulting in
blindness, arm and leg amputation (caused by nerve damage),        High blood sugar
heart disease and kidney failure.


Hypoglycaemia
Hypoglycaemia or "Hypos" refers to unhealthily low blood sugar
levels, caused by delayed meals or exercise that is too strenuous.

It can cause dizziness, slurred speech, sweating, nausea, a dazed
feeling and even sudden fainting.
                                                                         Low blood sugar
   Depending on the severity of the hypo these steps may change:
1. Get the person’s blood glucose monitor and test a small sample of
   their blood for sugar by putting it on the test strip.

2. If the person’s blood glucose is reads below 3.0 on their blood
   glucose monitor then the person needs glucose, either sugar lumps,
   full sugar jam, Lucozade energy drink or Lucozade tablets.

3. If the person is unconscious , then it is essential that a ambulance is
   called, because if the hypo goes untreated, the person has a greater
   chance of falling into a diabetic coma.

4. If the person is conscious, then they must be given sugar or any of
   the above as soon as possible. Re-check the person’s blood sugar
   levels about 5 minutes after they have consumed the sugary
   substance to see if the blood sugar level has risen.
Coronary Heart Disease is when your heart’s blood
supply is blocked or interrupted by a build up of
fatty substances in the coronary arteries.
More than 1.4 million people suffer from angina
and 275,000 people have a heart attack yearly.

Who does it affect?
* Men are more likely to contract heart disease.
* Chances of heart disease increase as you get older.
* The healthier you are, the less likely you are to
  get heart disease.
* If you have a family history of heart disease, you
  are more at risk.
You are at high risk of heart disease if you:

* Smoke

* Have high blood pressure

* Have a high blood cholesterol level

* Do little physical activity

* Are overweight or obese

* Have diabetes
To manage heart disease you need to:
Eat a low fat diet
Eat a low salt diet
Maintain a healthy weight
Stop smoking
Learn to manage stress
Keep busy
Take medication
The most common symptom of CHD is angina or chest pain.
•Angina can be described as a discomfort,
heaviness, pressure, aching, burning, fullness,
squeezing or a painful feeling in your chest.

 * It can be mistaken for indigestion or heartburn.
Angina is usually felt in the chest, but may also be
felt in the shoulders, arms, neck, throat, jaw, or back.

Other symptoms of coronary heart disease include:
* Shortness of breath
* Palpitations - irregular heart beats or skipped beats
* A faster heartbeat
* Weakness or dizziness
* Nausea
* Sweating
* If you smoke, quitting can decrease your chances of
  getting heart disease immensely
* Eat a balanced and healthy diet
* Get regular health screenings
* Keep yourself at a healthy and appropriate weight

Carry out cardio-vascular exercises daily, these include:
* Swimming
* Fitness suite/gym
* Power walking
* Jogging
* Walking
* Cycling
                                                        You can do it!
* Do not permit the person to persuade you that his/her
  problem is not serious. Fear or wishful thinking often
  causes people who experience chest symptoms to deny the
  importance of the symptoms.
* Call 999 and ask for an ambulance. If someone can get the
  patient to the hospital more quickly by driving, do so
  without delay.
* Give the victim emergency oxygen if you              have
  some available.
* While waiting for assistance, make the person
  comfortable, usually by making them lie down with their
  head on a pillow to elevate it.
* You have now been instructed on CPR, if the need arises
  begin CPR and keep it going until help arrives.
* Don't panic . Keep control. It is very important that the
  victim be relaxed as you do not want to scare them.
*We take in and use food for health, growth, and energy, which is called
the nutrition process. This involves eating food from the 5 different food
groups:

1. Fruit and vegetables
2. Milk, yogurt and cheese
3. Meat, poultry and fish
4. Fats, oils and sweets
5.Bread, cereal, rice and pasta
(remember: whole grains are healthier!)



*Eat sweets and foods that are high in fat or calories only in moderation.
You should be drinking lots of water, as our bodies are about 75%
water. So, your body needs water to be healthy, but there are
other reasons too.
*Energy - Being dehydrated can drain your energy and make you
feel tired. This can lead to fatigue, muscle weakness, dizziness
and other symptoms.
*Headache cure - Another symptom of dehydration is headaches.
Often when we have headaches it's simply a matter of not
drinking enough water.
*Healthy skin - Drinking water can clear up your skin and people
often report a healthy glow after drinking water. It won't happen
overnight.
*Better exercise - Being dehydrated can severely ruin your
athletic activities, slowing you down and making it harder to
move. Exercise requires additional water, so be sure to drink
before, during and after exercise.
 You need to eat healthily to provide the necessary
  nutrients that your body needs to create new cells,
  clean toxins, and to just function every day!
 Eating right now can help prevent future diseases such
  as diabetes, heart disease and cancer.
 You will have more energy and be more alert.
 Since you are growing, you may find that you are more
  hungry, or are hungry more often. This is perfectly
  normal, as you need the extra calories to grow.
 Eating unhealthily, overeating and not exercising can
  lead to unhealthy weight and body conditions such as
  obesity. Obesity is defined as having a fat percentage
  of more than 30 on the body mass index.
 Bones are stronger because of exercise, lessening the
  possibility of osteoporosis (spinal problems).
 Muscles are stronger, holding our bones in place to stop
  joint or back pain.
 Being aware of what we eat, in combination with
  exercise, we can more readily maintain a proper
  weight.
 It also makes us feel better and it gives us more energy.
 Most people claim exercise improves sleeping. They
  have less trouble falling and staying asleep.
 We might be able to avoid deadly diseases such as type
  2 diabetes, heart disease and high blood pressure if we
  do regular physical activity.
• Woman need 2,000 calories and Men need 2,500
  calories every day (but only if they are being
  active).

• Our daily calorie allowance sounds a lot, but in a
  McDonalds Big Mac burger there are 485 calories,
  which is almost a 1/4 of your daily intake.

• This is how people gain weight. If you eat over
  2,000 calories then the extra calories will store in
  your body as fat, making you put on weight.
Body Mass Index (BMI) is a number calculated from an individual’s
weight and height, that is used to determine whether a person is
within, or outside of, a normal weight range.

*BMI 18.5 or less = Underweight
*BMI 18.6 to 24.9 = Normal
*BMI 25.0 to 29.9 = Overweight
*BMI 30.0 to 39.9 = Obese                                    My BMI is
*BMI 40.0 or more = Extremely Obese                       normal, what are
                                                               you?
From the chart on the next page can you work out the
body mass index for your weight?
Height in Feet and Inches
Eating disorders are becoming more common
as too many people are trying to be a size zero,
which is unhealthy.

The media have encouraged this problem with
their unrealistic, airbrushed pictures of people.

The most common eating disorders are:

    Anorexia Nervosa             Bulimia Nervosa
   What is it?
 Anorexia nervosa is an illness that describes
  an eating disorder shown by extremely low
  body weight. People with anorexia continue
  to think they are overweight even after
  they become extremely thin, very ill or near
  death.

 Individuals with anorexia are known to
  control their body weight through the
  means of starving themselves, excessive
  exercise, or other weight control measures
  such as diet pills.
What is it?
Bulimia Nervosa is an eating disorder
 identified by recurrent binge eating,
 followed by something to get rid of
 the food.

The most common thing practiced by
 more than 75% of people with
 bulimia nervosa is self-induced
 vomiting, called purging. Fasting and
 over exercising are also common.
Anorexia nervosa is not limited to gender, age, social
 class or a certain type of person. However, it is
 more common in girls.
It is estimated that 1% of school children have this
 disorder.

There are many celebrities who have suffered with
 anorexia nervosa, these include Amy Winehouse and Kate
 Beckinsale and Billy Bob Thornton.
Bulimia is not limited to gender, age, social
 class or a certain type of person.
About 4% of women have bulimia at some
 point in their lives.
Bulimia most often develops in people in
 their late teens to early twenties.
For every ten women with bulimia, about
 one man has the condition.
There are many celebrities who have
 suffered with Bulimia Nervosa, they
 include Victoria Beckham , Princess Diana
 and Elton John.
Body image disturbances.
Family history of eating disorders or
 alcoholism.
Sense of not being important.
Puberty.
Death in the family.
Peer pressure to lose weight or nasty
 comments about weight that trigger
 dieting.
Unrealistic expectation of what a
 normal body looks like due to the
 media.
 Family history of eating disorders.
 Social values (such as admiring thinness).
 Certain personality traits (such as perfectionism).
 Low self-esteem.
 Mood problems, especially depression.
 Mental health problems such as obsessive compulsive
  disorder (the strong need to do something).
 If you have previously had anorexia, you have an
  increased risk of developing bulimia.
 If you have tried to lose weight by dieting a number of
  times, you have an increased risk of developing bulimia.
 A specific emotionally upsetting event.
 Wear baggy clothes to disguise your weight loss.
 Have a body weight that is much less than expected for your
  age and height.
 Eat very little, if at all, or restrict types of food, such as any
  containing fat.
 Be secretive about food.
 Deny being underweight or having a problem with food.
 Obsessively weigh, measure and examine your body.
 Be obsessed with exercise.
 Feeling cold all the time.
 Cut your food into tiny pieces to look as though you have
  eaten some, and become obsessed with what other people
  are eating.
  Bulimia is often not noticed until associated health problems
  have developed. However, if you have bulimia you may:

 Not eat with others or disappear to the toilet after
  meals to vomit the food you have eaten.
 Have a binge-purge cycle at least twice a week for
  three months or more.
 Have an intense dread of gaining weight.
 Have many weight changes.
 Always thinking or needing food.
 Secretly hoard away food.
 Self-harm.
 Have a distorted body image.
 Find it hard to concentrate.
 Feel depressed.
Treatment may be carried out by your GP, although sometimes
referral to a psychologist or psychiatrist is necessary. Treatment
varies according to the individual person and the root cause of the
problem.
 Restore the person to a healthy weight.
 Restore healthy eating patterns.
 Treat any physical complications or associated mental health
   problems.
 Address thoughts, feelings and beliefs about food and body
   image.
 Enlist family support.
 If the weight loss becomes serious (more than 20 to 25 per cent
   less than total normal body weight) admission to hospital may
   be required.
 The sort of treatments that may be offered include the following:


 Psychological treatments are most commonly used for
  bulimia. It helps you to look at the reasons why you
  developed bulimia, and aims to change any false beliefs
  that you have about your weight and body, as well as how
  to deal with emotional issues.
 Help with eating treatments show how having regular
  meals is better, even if only eating small meals at least
  three times a day.
 You should try and be honest (to yourself and other people)
  about the amount of food you are actually eating.
 You should reduce the number of times you weigh yourself;
  try to only weigh yourself once a week.
 It may be useful to have an eating diary to write down all the
  food that you eat.
 Narcotics are the name for illegal drugs

*There are many narcotics that are being abused by our
 society today. It is important for everyone to raise their
 level of awareness in order to reduce the risk of drug
 abuse or to help someone they care for, who is already
 suffering from drug abuse or addiction to drugs.

*Narcotics come in different shapes, sizes, and types.
 For example, the drug Ketamine is an illegal drug for
 humans, but it is legally used as a horse tranquiliser.

* People use narcotics for many reasons, boredom, to fit
 in, experimentation, etc. They begin to abuse drugs          Just say
 when they repeatedly take them to solve their                  no!
 problems or to make themselves feel "normal".
There are three types of narcotics and they are known as:

*Stimulants – temporarily increases alertness and
 awareness (e.g. cocaine).
*Depressants – calm nerves and relax muscles
 (e.g. heroin).
*Hallucinogenic – alter perception changing the senses
 (e.g. cannabis, ecstasy).

 Although there are many types of narcotics we are
 going to focus on the main ones that are most
 commonly taken by young people. These are Cannabis,
 Cocaine, Heroin and Ecstasy.
What is Cannabis?
Cannabis or marijuana, is the most widely used illegal drug in
Britain. It is a mild sedative (this means it causes a chilled out
feeling makes the person feel tired) and it is also a mild
hallucinogen (this means you see or hear things that are not really
happening).
The effects:
*Feeling chilled out and relaxed.
*Feeling happy and having the giggles.
*Hunger pangs.
*Feeling sick.
*Being more aware of your senses.
The risks:
*Feeling anxious, panicky and paranoid.
*Affects co-ordination and concentration.
*Increases heart rate affecting blood pressure.
*Can cause infertility.
*Development of schizophrenia (this means you hear voices in
  your head telling you to do things, which can cause serious harm).
What is Cocaine?
Cocaine powder is a stimulant drug with powerful but short-lived effects (you
need to keep taking the drug in more amounts to make the feeling last longer).

The effects:
*Feel wide awake.
*Feel very confident.
*Raises body temperature.
*Loss of appetite.
*The heart beats faster.

The risks:
*Can feel over confident leading to careless risks.
*High doses can cause convulsions or heart failure.
*Can cause depression and aggression.
*Overdosing is very easy.
*Causes chest pains and breathing problems.
*It is very difficult to stop taking the drug, so it will take over your life; most
 people start stealing, even from loved ones to get their daily fix.
What is Heroin?
Heroin is a natural opiate made from morphine (opiates dull pain). Like
many drugs made from opium, heroin is a very strong painkiller. However,
heroin is the most dangerous and addictive drug.
The effects:
*Can cause an energy buzz.
*Gives the feeling of being alert and alive.
*Think you fit in more with your surroundings.
*Sounds and colours become more intense.
*Become chatty and feel a great love for others.
The risks:
*It is the most addictive drug (you can become addicted immediately) and
  trying to come off it is very painful, so most people stay addicted until
  they overdose.
*A lot of people have died trying to get high on this drug, and you can lose
  body parts from continuously injecting this drug into your veins.
*Affects body temperature control (your body can overheat).
*Body salt balance can be affected (destroying your kidneys).
*Can cause liver and heart problems.
*Puts the immune system under pressure (hard to fight off illnesses).
What is Ecstasy?
Ecstasy is a stimulant drug, which alters the way you think. This drug makes you
feel happy, confident, less fearful and less anxious. The effects take about half an
hour to kick in and normally lasts between 3 to 6 hours. When the effects wear off,
people feel depressed and want more of the drug to stay awake and continue
their fake ‘happy’ feeling.

The effects
*Sounds and colours are more intense.
*Users often feel great love for the people they are
 with and towards the strangers around them.
*Talking lots, but not making any sense.

The risks
*Raised body temperature and the heart beats faster, which has caused death.
*Anxiety, panic attacks, depression.
*Confused episodes/paranoid attacks.
*Body salt balance can be seriously affected (you can collapse from dehydration).
*Liver, kidney and heart problems.
*People who have taken this drug have severe episodes of depression in later life.
What happens if you are caught with drugs?
Cannabis – Class B
 *Possession = 5 years in prison and an unlimited fine.
 *Supplying = 14 years in prison and an unlimited fine.

Cocaine – Class A
 *Possession = 7 years in prison.
 *Supplying = up to life in prison and an unlimited fine.

Heroin – Class A
 *Possession = 7 years in prison.
 *Supplying = up to life in prison and an unlimited fine.

Ecstasy – Class A
 *Possession = 7 years in prison.
 *Supplying = up to life in prison and an unlimited fine.
The following maybe tell-tale signs:
*Chatty.
*Pupils dilated.
*Sudden and regular changes in mood.
*Secretive behaviour.
*Unusual aggression.
*Sleepiness or drowsiness.
*Steady weight loss.
*Evidence of drug use, such as scorched pieces of tin foil,
 burnt spoons, needles and so on.
*Going into debt with no sign of what has been bought.
*Missing work or school regularly.
*Don’t know all the facts.
                                  Just say no!
*Introduced by a ‘good’ friend.
*Seen others do it.
*Being Curious.
*To hide/mask other things in
 life they are not happy with.
*Rebellion/think it is cool.
*Drugs are easily available.
Talk to Frank
Call - 0800 77 66 00
Text - 82111
For more information visit the website - www.talktofrank.com

Bristol Drugs Project
Address - 11 Brunswick Square, Bristol, Avon
Telephone - 0117 987 6000
For more information visit the website - www.bdp.org.uk

The Southmead Project
Address - 165 Greystoke Ave, Bristol, Avon
Telephone - 0117 950 6022
For more information visit the website - www.southmeadproject.org.uk
Alcohol is a chemical toxin and a drug,
 however it is viewed differently than other
 drugs or chemicals because it is socially and
 legally accepted in our society.

Ethyl alcohol, or ethanol, is an intoxicating
 ingredient found in beer, wine and liquor.

All alcoholic drinks contain ethanol, it is
 produced by the fermentation of yeast,
 sugars and starches.
Under 5 – It’s illegal to give an alcoholic drink to a
child under 5.
Under 14 – A person under 14 can't go into a bar
or pub unless the pub has a 'children's
certificate’.
14 or 15 – They can go anywhere in a pub but
can't drink alcohol.
16 or 17 – They can buy (or be bought) beer or
cider, as long as it is bought to drink with a meal,
but not in a bar (i.e. only in a place specifically set
aside for meals).
Over 18 – Can buy and drink alcohol legally in
licensed premises in Britain.
 For            For                    The effect on the
Women           Men                    body and mind
 1 - 2 unit   2 - 3 units   The capillaries (blood vessels under the skin) dilate, which causes a
                            warm feeling. Taste, smell and vision are reduced a little, and also
        Stage 1             the sense of pain is reduced.
3 - 4units    4-7 units     There is a change of mood and behaviour. A numbing effect starts
                            to play a role. Memory decreases, movement is harder to control,
                            vision changes, judging situations become more difficult, and speed
        Stage 2             of reaction is reduced (there is overestimation).
5 - 8 units   8 -13 units   The above effects are worsened. People become very emotional,
                            self-criticism disappears, pupils dilate, and the face becomes red
        Stage 3             and gets swollen. The chance of nausea and vomiting is high.
9 - 13 units 14-19 units The senses get numbed. The drinker is totally confused. They hardly
                         notice what they hear and see.
         Stage 4
 Over 14       Over 20      The risk of unconsciousness is very high. There is danger to life as
  units         units       they may be unable to breathe, go into a coma, choke on their own
                            vomit or die of a heart attack.
        Stage 5
Research has shown that young people
 who drink alcohol before the age of 15
 are four times more likely to become an
 alcoholic than adults who begin
 drinking at age 21.
Studies have shown that alcohol use by
 youth and young adults increases the
 risk of both fatal and nonfatal injuries
 to themselves and others.
Other consequences of youth alcohol
 use include increased risky sexual
 behaviours, poor school performance,
 and increased risk of suicide and
 homicide.
              ‘Emergency Fist Aid - Pass it Forward’



Name of Brightstowe student:_________________________

I watched the 4 video clips on the Academy website on:

  1. CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) on a baby
  2. CPR on a child
  3. CPR on an adult
  4. Recovery position

Other person’s name ___________________

Other person’s signature_________________

								
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