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Job Situation in the Recession 2009

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Job Situation in the Recession 2009 Powered By Docstoc
					Job Situation in the recession
April 2009

Objective

• •

To understand how the current recession is affecting people’s professional and to an extent financial aspect of their personal lives. The survey aims to provide some kind of clarity to job seekers and employers in the current scenario. It is by no means meant to provide information from an economic angle but rather from an HR point of view.

Demographic Background & Methodology
Age and Gender Adult males and females Aged 21+ years Nationalities GCC Arabs, North Africans, Levant, Western Expats, Asians & Others Country of Residence GCC: UAE, KSA, Kuwait, Oman*, Qatar, Bahrain* Levant: Lebanon*, Syria*, Jordan North Africa: Egypt, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia* Subcontinent: Pakistan *low sample Methodology Online data collection was done between 17th March to 6th April 2009. The total number of respondents achieved was 10,781.

RESPONDENT PROFILE

Respondent profile – Country
Nationality
Other, 6 Gulf, 1

North African, 37 Asian, 39

Country of Residence
20

Westerner, 4

Levant, 13
13

18

17

5 3 1 3 1

6 4 1 4 1 1

lg er ia B ah ra in Eg yp t Jo rd an K uw ai t Le ba no n M or oc co O m an Pa ki st an Q Sa a u d tar iA ra bi a Sy ria Tu ni si a

E U A

A

Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

O

th er

Respondent profile - Personal

Age
25 Below 30 41 30 to 39
1 4 25

Monthly Personal Income
40 and Above
Under $500 $501 to $1000 $1001 to $2000 $2001 to $3000 $3001 to $5000 $5001 to $10000 16 $10001 or more Prefer not to say No personal income 15 Female Don’t know/Can’t say 10 2 7

34

Gender
16 Male

10

10

84

Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

Respondent profile - Professional

5 1

Working Status
Working full time (30 or more hours per week) Working part time (8 to 29 hours per week) Working part time (Less than 8 hours a week)

Level of Seniority
14 5 21 13 2 9

CEO/ President/ Chairman/ Owner/Self employed Director or Senior Manager Professional Middle manager
94

Junior manager/ team leader Executive with no managerial responsibilities Clerical Other

18

16

14

2

Sector
Private sector - MNC 34 Private sector - Large Local company Private sector - Small/Medium Local company Private sector – Other Public sector or semi govt or charity Other
Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

12

16 22

B

12

8 8 6 5 5 5 4 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Respondent profile - Professional

an Con ki s ng tru In Oth / F cti O d u er in on il, st p an ria ri G ce as l v a & ma te s I Te P n e T e u c Ed leco tro fac to uc m c h tu r r at mu em i n g C ion n ic i ca M on / a ls ed s u Ac ti o ic m a d ns al / H E er G em To e l i u r al ec oo a th tro d s is H os m S n pi / H er ic s ta G o vic lit o B A sp es y v us dv ita / R er i n ec n m es Au e rt lity re en s c to i si R at t o m ng ea io / C n s ot lE n iv u iv st / E il lta e at e Ph nt se nc /P a r e r t rv i y ro m ain ce pe ac m eu e rt y ti nt D ev P ca l el ow s Tr op e an m r sp A or R ent gr t e ic u l A / Tr tai l tu er av re os e /F p l M or ace ar es ke tr tR y La M M es O ilita as ea w th r s rc er y M h p / e Pu u b Def d ia bl lic e n ic s se N R ec on el to at r e io of th W ns e at ab er ov e

8

Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

Are people secure?
• • On the whole, 65% worried to varying extents. UAE has the most serious job concerns with close to a quarter very worried.

Q: How worried are you about the situation of your current job?
4 13 15 6 16 14 34 31 34 3 11 13 18 31 33 35 31 40 23 6 15 5 10 15 2 9 16 3 23

Total
6 16 30

9 12 13 26

9 10 8

10 19 12

6 14 23

7 14 13

22 36 32 29

34

18
40 34 33 39 27 42 27 25 31 34

31
Sa Qa u d tar iA ra bi Tu a ni si a A lg er ia B ah ra in Eg yp Jo t rd an K uw Le ait ba no n M or oc co Pa ki st an U A E

Not at all / Not so worried

A little worried

Worried

Very worried

Don’t know/Can’t say
Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

Are companies secure?
• • Majority believe companies are quite resilient and will be able to survive the current economic downturn. UAE again amongst the most worried with Morocco bagging second place.

Q: How worried are you about the survival of your company?

Total
7 12 43 13

10 11 9 23

6 9 15 20

6 12 12

4 11 8 27

8 10 16

11 4 8 23

13 16 11

9 8 15 22

9 12 14

5 6 13

3 3 12 21

6 16 18

28 21

27

23 28 53 42 32

25 61 45 45 49 34

46
25

51

43

51

Sa Qa u d tar iA ra bi Tu a ni si a

lg er ia B ah ra in Eg yp Jo t rd an K uw ai Le t ba no n M or oc co Pa ki st an

Not at all / Not so worried

A little worried

A

Worried

Very worried

Don’t know/Can’t say
Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

U

A

E

Job cuts in current company
• • At an overall level, there are slightly more companies who have had to fire staff than those who have managed to retain staff thus far. UAE understandably shaken with the highest number of companies witnessing job cuts. Kuwait and Morocco are also feeling the impact of the recession only marginally less than the UAE.
Q: Have there been any job cuts in your company?

Total
27 18

11

17

20

15

25

19

28

22

18

10

12

32 54 43 40 35 44 47 50 33 39 36 45 55

50 33 40 35 38 33 25

48 33

57 43 37 35

lg er ia B ah ra in Eg yp Jo t rd an K uw Le ait ba no n M or oc co Pa ki st an Sa Q a u d tar iA ra bi Tu a ni si a
Not sure/don’t know/can’t say

Yes

No

A

Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

U

A

E

Number of jobs lost
• Amongst those who have said there were job cuts in their company, 21% witnessed over 100 job cuts.

Q: Have there been any job cuts in your company?
18

Q: How many employees of your company have lost their jobs?
12

43

39 21

40

10 18

Yes

No

Not sure/don’t know/can’t say

Less than 20 51 to 100 Don’t know/Can’t say

20 to 50 Over 100

Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

Base: Those who said there are job cuts in their company :4595

Steps taken by companies to combat the situation

•

Top steps taken by companies to survive in the current scenario were placing a freeze on new hires, cut bonuses of existing staff and an attempt to cut down on expenses and benefits. Q: Has your company taken any of the following steps in the last 9 months? Please select all that apply.
38

27

26 20 17 15 14 14 12 9 6 5

Placed a Cut hiring bonuses for freeze on all existing new hires staff

Cut other expenses

Cut other benefits

Cut travel expenses

Cut salaries Cut training for existing budgets staff

Cut Cut salaries Cut medical Cut housing marketing for new insurance allowances and staff advertising expenses

None of these

Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

Expected job cuts in current company
• • Overall, there seem to be far more people who are expecting job cuts than those who aren’t. UAE, Kuwait, Bahrain & Qatar are the most worried about the current situation and expecting to see the highest number of job redundancies. Q: Do you expect any job cuts in your company in the future?

Total
35 30 33 32 33 40 40 32 37 32 30 32

33 40 40

24 31 33

20 23 36

15 30 20 28 39

46 25

48 36 35 24

37

38

43

52 39 30

Sa Qa u d tar iA ra bi Tu a ni si a

lg er ia B ah ra in Eg yp Jo t rd an K uw Le ait ba no n M or oc co Pa ki st an

27

Yes

No

A

Not sure/don’t know/can’t say
Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

U

A

E

Number of jobs expected to be lost
40% believe there are still more redundancies expected to be announced in their companies.

•

Q: Do you expect any job cuts in your company in the future?

Q: How many employees of your company do you expect will lose their jobs?

33 40

23 32

18 18 20 to 50 Over 100

27 Yes No Not sure/don’t know/can’t say

9 Less than 20 51 to 100 Don’t know/Can’t say

Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

Base: Base: Those who expect any job cuts in their company in the future :4365

Current Hiring
• Although most companies who have cut jobs or are expected to cut jobs haven’t taken on any new staff, there are quite a few companies who have hired a few additional staff seeming to indicate that they have used the crunch to cut non productive members of staff and rehire more prudently for a few positions. Q: Is your company currently hiring new staff?

Is your company currently hiring new staff?

Have there been any job cuts in your company? Not sure/don’t know/can’t say 31

Do you expect any job cuts in your company in the future? Not sure/don’t know/can’t say 31

Total

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes, but only for a very small number of positions (less than 10% of current staff strength) Yes, for quite a few positions (10% to 20% of current staff strength) Yes, for many positions (more than 20% of current staff strength) No, we are not hiring any new staff currently Don’t know/can’t say

31

29

34

29

35

9 4 43 13

6 2 53 9

11 5 38 12

7 4 33 26

6 2 55 8

13 6 33 13

9 4 37 19

Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

Hiring in 2009
• • Slightly over half the respondents are either unsure of whether their companies will be hiring or feel they will not be doing so. 33% feel their companies will open up a few positions indicating that although hiring is slow, there are a few vacancies available. Q: Do you expect your company will be hiring in 2009?
33 29 24

11 4

Yes, but very Yes, quite a few new sparsely (less than people (10% to 20% 10% of current staff of current staff strength) strength)

Yes, many people (more than 20% of current staff strength)

No, we will not be Don’t know/can’t say hiring any new staff in 2009
Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

Ripple Effect
• • Overall, almost 6 in 10 people know of someone who has lost their job due to the recession. In the UAE, this figure is the highest at over three quarters of the respondents – clearly fuelling the worry. Q: Apart from your current work colleagues, do you personally know any others who have lost their jobs in the last few months like your friends, neighbors, ex colleagues, relatives?

Total
17 32

8 29

17

22

14 21

24

26

24

16 23

18

19

8 15

25 31

25

26 39

31

25

26

24

59 38

63

57

65 52 45 49 49

76 61 56 43

Sa Qa u d tar iA ra bi Tu a ni si a

lg er ia B ah ra in Eg yp Jo t rd an K uw Le ait ba no n M or oc co Pa ki st an

Yes

A

No

Don’t know/can’t say
Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

U

A

E

Ripple Effect
• Even amongst those who had not witnessed any job cuts in their own companies, close to half (48%) knew someone externally (out of their workplace) who had lost their job.

Q: Apart from your current work colleagues, do you personally know any others who have lost their jobs in the last few months like your friends, neighbors, ex colleagues, relatives?
Know someone who’ve lost jobs

11 14

17 34 35 20

75 48 46

Yes

No Job cuts in current company Yes No

Not sure/don’t know/can’t say

Don’t know/can’t say
Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

How many people do you know who’ve lost jobs?
• Majority know less than 5 people who have lost jobs.

Q: Among those you know personally, how many people have lost their jobs in the past 9 months?

3 5

4

6 Total

10

44

29 Less than 5 11 to 25 51 to 100 Don’t know/can’t say 5 to 10 26 to 50 More than 100

Base: Those who personally know someone who lost their job : 6363

Ability to find a job after being made redundant.
• 43% of those who know people who’ve lost jobs say at least some haven’t managed to find work. Q: Have they been able to find jobs?( Please select all that apply)

31 24

33

11

10 7

10

10

Yes, some of Yes, some of them did find them did find jobs but they jobs but it had to took a change their relatively line of work long time (1 to 3 months)

Yes, some of them found jobs but they had to leave the city they were residing in

Yes, some of Yes, some of No, some of No, all of them found them found them have those whom I jobs but they jobs without not yet found know haven’t had to leave much jobs been able to the country difficulty find jobs they were residing in

Don’t know/can’t say

Base: Those who personally know someone who lost their job : 6363

Time period taken to find alternative work
• For those lucky enough to find jobs in the current scenario after being laid off from their previous jobs, the average duration has been between 1 and 3 months for the majority which is not too bad.

Q: How long has it taken them to find jobs? If there are different time periods for each of those you know, please select an average time period
26

25

13 9 5 5 3 3

12

Less than a month

1 to 2 months

2 to 3 months

3 to 4 months

4 to 5 months

5 to 6 months

6 to 9 months

More than Don’t 9 months know/can’t say/NA

Base: Aware of the present status of people they personally know to have lost jobs: 5098

Duration of stay without a job
• If jobs are lost, 43% of people would not stay in their country of residence for more than 3 months. This on its own is quite alarming. Luckily figures seem to indicate most have been able to find alternative work in 1 to 3 months (see previous chart). Due to the cost of living, Bahrain (60%) and UAE (59%) will be the worst hit by the exodus out of the country. Q: If, unfortunately, you were to lose your job or your business, how long do you expect to stay in your present country of residence till you find an alternative employment or business opportunity?

•

Total
24

29

22 7 3 8

25 7 10 21

27 6 12 25

20 3 5

26

19 35 33 8 6 17

19 4 8 21

16 28 7 10 20 59 4 5 17

12 9 43 16

17 27 13 13

9 5 14

9 7 17

7 34 7

60 37 45 31 31 37 34

51

48 36

Sa Qa u d tar iA ra bi Tu a ni si a

lg er ia B ah ra in Eg yp Jo t rd an K uw Le ait ba no n M or oc co Pa ki st an

Less than 3 months

3 to 6 months

A

6 to 12 months

More than a year

Don’t know/can’t say

Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

U

19

A

E

Potential alternatives to job loss
• More than half would attempt to find a job in the same country in the same industry. The scenario however clearly indicates that they would also keep their other options open.

Q: In case of your job loss, which of the following would be your potential alternatives? Please select all that apply:

52

30

27 16

13

10 5

12

Find another Move to Switch Move to a Return to Open my own Start a job in same another industries in different home country business in consultancy industry in country in same country region as an same country in same same country the region as expat country an expat

Don’t know/can’t say

Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

Savings to survive a rainy day

•

Lebanon, Morocco and Jordan will be most hit if there are many job losses as close to half do not have any savings to back them up.

Q: Have you been able to save money through your past employment in this country which you are currently residing in?

Total
5 8

9 20

2 31

5

10

4 31

3

7

4 32

3 27

4 21

10 25

2 34

36 47

48

48 31 36 37 23 37 30 18 14 5 9 9 26 14 30 22 12
E U A

32

23

32 40 24 20 27 24 12 26 17 9 6 23 19 7 3 35 27 26

32
A

2

5

Yes, a good amount

Yes, a fair amount

Yes but very little

No savings

Sa Qa u d tar iA ra bi Tu a ni si a

lg er ia B ah ra in Eg yp Jo t rd an K uw Le ait ba no n M or oc co Pa ki st an

Don’t know/can’t say

Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

Duration of savings sustaining
• • 53% would only be able to survive for a maximum of 6 months should they be out of a job. In the UAE (62%), Bahrain (60%) & Kuwait (59%), this figure is slightly higher.

Q: How long do you anticipate your savings can sustain you if necessary in case of a job loss or such situations?

Total
22

3 53 6

17

Less than 6 months 1 to 3 years Don’t know/can’t say

6 months to 1 year More than 3 years

Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

Country of residence attractiveness
• • Qatar & KSA strongly believe their countries are still very attractive. Egypt, Jordan & Pakistan are almost equally polarised in their opinions of their country. Q: Is your country of residence still a lucrative and attractive place to live and work?

Total
8 10 26

10 10 12

5 7 13 18

7 15 21

8 9 24

7 6 18 17

6 8 18 19

15 9 9 20

7 11 28

7 4 12 12 26

6 4 12 15 23

12 10 14 17 22

8 9 22 11 24

25 16 20 18 19 41 21 16 25 18 18 20 24 27

12 26 18 19

39 17 26 22 28 22

40 25 26

Sa Q a u d tar iA ra bi Tu a ni si a

A lg er ia B ah ra in Eg yp Jo t rd an K uw Le ait ba no n M or oc co Pa ki st an

Yes, still very attractive No, not so attractive now

Yes, a little attractive No, not at all attractive now

It is the same / no change Don’t know/can’t say

Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

U

A

E

Anticipated job market improvements
• • Qatar was most optimistic it will recover in a very short while (up to 12 months timeframe). Clearly residents of the UAE showed a strong faith in their country– whilst some felt it may take time for the economy to rebound, the fewest number of people (18%) felt they were unsure of when it would turnaround. Q: When do you anticipate the regional job market will improve in your industry?
18 46 5 8 16 25 11 11 16 10 13 8 8 11 7 7 11 16 11 15 20 12 15 21 9 15 12 23 14 20 13 3
U A E

Total
10 31 12 16 6 10 19 12 16 8 11 50

24 12 21

34

25 40 10 41 49 37

27

26

12 22

17 15

15 12 17 10 6

18

14

21 16 13 9 11 7

8 11

26 13 9

In less than 3 months In 12 to 24 months

In 3 to 6 months More than 2 years

In 6 to 12 months Don't know/Can't say

Sa Q a u d tar iA ra bi Tu a ni si a

A lg er ia B ah ra in Eg yp Jo t rd an K uw Le ait ba no n M or oc co Pa ki st an

Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

Anticipated job market improvements – by industry
Q: When do you anticipate the regional job market will improve in your industry?
22 26 25 22 24 11 15 16 18 11 17 19 21 11 6 19 20 26 33 31 34 27 10 11 14 14 21 20 26 14 19 45 36 32 34 32 37 30 31 10 10 11 12 29 21 23 25 19 18 8 6 27 20 17 16 11 16 12 13 14 16 19 20 14 19 39

25 13 15

41 34

43 39 43

26 9

31 28

18 17 20 14 9 22 28 12 9 10 16 20 25 26 23 22 12 8 9 19 11 14 10 12 16 15 15 9 10 11 6 12 11 12 11 15 11 12 11 13 5 20 9 12 14 13 11 10 6 8 15 7 11 8 10 10 6 14 6

15 20 19

18

11 9 11 11 18 14 15 12 18 18 15 11 19 17 13 20 12 12 4 13 12 16 7 12 15 13 9 10 11 6

12 12 18

11 10 13 13 11 9 7 6

15 10 15 20

A dv gr e ic u l Ae rti s tu ro in re s g / F pa c B B an Au ore e us k t s i n in om try es g o s / F tiv co in e n an H C Co sul ce os Ed on ns ta pi uc s u tru nc ta G at me c y lit o io r tio y ve n G n / R rn / A oo ec m en E ca d s re a t l d In tio / C e ct em d u n iv ro i a st / E il s nic ria nt e s l m e r rv i an tain ce uf m ac en tu t ri n M g ar M ke IT ed tR ic La al e / H M se w as a r O ea s c il, G Mi lth Me h as lit S d & ary er ia O Pe / D vic th tr e er oc efe s O pr he ns th iv m e er at i c R p e a ea Ph u b se ls lE lic ct ar st m se o r at ac c e /P e u tor ro Pu tic p e bl a rt ic Po ls y D Rel we ev a r Te el tio op ns le m To co m u r m R ent is u e Tr m / n ic tai l at an H sp os i on or pit s t / al Tr ity av e W l at er A
In less than 3 months In 12 to 24 months In 3 to 6 months More than 2 years In 6 to 12 months Don't know/Can't say
Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

•

42 40 33 28 24 19 18 18 17 17 17 17 16 15 15 14 12 10 10 9 8 8 8 8 7 7 7 7 8 6 6 5 5 4 3

Industries most adversely affected

Construction, Banking / Finance & Real estate / property are seen to be the most adversely affected.

Construction Banking / Finance Real Estate / Tourism / Hospitality Automotive Industrial Advertising Consumer Goods Electronics IT Oil, Gas & Transport / Travel Other private sector Business Hospitality / Telecommunications Retail Agriculture / Power Aerospace Domestic Services Education / Government / Civil Market Research Mass Media Medical / Health Other public sector Pharmaceuticals Public Relations Water Charity / voluntary Publishing Law Military/ Defense None of the above/

Q: Please indicate which of the following industries in your opinion have been the most adversely affected in your country? (Please select all that apply)

Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

COR confidence at a regional level
• • Pakistan and Egypt are by far the most negative about the state of economical competitiveness when compared at a regional level. Qatar very positive about their ability to beat the odds regionally. Q: How do you feel your country is faring economically relative to other countries in the region?

Total
14 29

20

15 13

13

18 17

11 14

13 26

12

13 13

10 15

17 4 28

12 24

31

41 25 36 40

37

20

43

22

26

32 20 31 29 52 49 51 32 16

27

33 47 16 30

27 28 35 30

19

24

lg er ia B ah ra in Eg yp Jo t rd an K uw Le ait ba no n M or oc co Pa ki st an S a Qa u d tar iA ra bi Tu a ni si a

Better

Same

A

Worse

Don't know / Can't say

Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

U

A

E

COR confidence outside the regional level

• •

Egypt, Algeria & Pakistan don’t think they are performing well economically compared to countries outside the region. Qatar, KSA & Bahrain very positive about their comparative performance.

Q: How do you feel your country is faring economically relative to other countries outside the region?
Total
18 25 47

24

19 15 23

15

22

14 19

20

28

18

17 14

15 18

21 16

16 20

53

34 30 22

35 32 16 28 36

43

24

24 27 31

31 26

21 8

43

17 15 22 29

25 14

45

44

37

32

12

lg er ia B ah ra in Eg yp Jo t rd an K uw Le ait ba no n M or oc co Pa ki st an Q Sa a u d tar iA ra bi Tu a ni si a

Better

Same

A

Worse

Don't know / Can't say

Base: Total Working Sample : 10781

U

A

E

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posted:7/14/2009
language:English
pages:34
Description: ob Situation in the Recession 2009, Report done in April 09