CHP by keralaguest


									                                     Laboratory Safety Program

                                    Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP)

LaboratorySupervisor _________________________________________________________________

Email ______________________________________________________________________________

Building(s)___________________ Room(s) ____________________ Dept _______________________

DeptCHO ___________________________                   Date ____________________________________


The University of Alabama is committed to full compliance with federal, state, and local laws and
regulations regarding hazardous materials. In recognition that individuals who work in laboratories are
potentially exposed to a wide variety of hazardous materials, the University of Alabama has created the
'University of Alabama Chemical Hygiene Plan and Laboratory Guide'. Along with state and local
regulations, the UA CHP embraces the OSHA Lab Standard (29 CFR 1910.1450) and OSHA's Hazard
Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200). Accordingly, each laboratory that uses or stores
chemicals must submit a Chemical Hygiene Plan to Environmental Health and Safety, to be reviewed
and verified annually. The laboratory CHP is intended to:

       inform laboratory workers of the potential hazards present in their workplace.

       inform laboratory workers of the precautions and preventive measures established to protect
       their health and well-being.

      inform laboratory personnel of the required training programs established by The University of
       Alabama Chemical Hygiene Plan and The University of Alabama Lab Safety Program.

       provide information that allows risk evaluation of hazardous lab procedures.

       provide information needed to determine any required regulatory response.

The UA CHP states that the 'supervisor of the department or other administrative unit is responsible for
the chemical hygiene in their area and the laboratory supervisor has responsibility for the chemical
hygiene in their laboratory area.'

I. Standard Operating Procedures

The standard operating procedures (SOPs) are to be followed in all laboratories. The UA Chemical
Hygiene Plan contains some general SOPs for laboratory operations. The development of any lab-
specific SOPs is the responsibility of the Laboratory Chemical Hygiene Officer. This person is also
responsible for the portion of the training that covers these SOPs. Copies of any lab-specific SOPs
should be forwarded to EHS to be maintained on file.

Safety procedures or programs that are included in this laboratory are (check all that apply):

UA Chemical Hygiene Plan
Bloodborne Pathogen Policy
Medical Waste Management
Respiratory Protection
Radiation Safety Program
Radiation Sublicense
Laser Sublicense Application
Biological Safety Plan
Animal Management Plan
Other (list)

II. Inventory Control

Federal law mandates that anyone using chemicals in their work must maintain a current inventory of
what is in their work space, along with MSDS for all these chemicals. This inventory must be
maintained in the Chemical Environmental Management System, CEMS. MSDS can be maintained
through CEMS as well. All workers must be trained on how to access MSDS information and directions
should be posted at the lab doors.

III. Control Measures to Reduce Potential Exposure

Employers must take measures to protect employees from exposure to harmful chemicals and their
effects. These measures are specific for each lab, depending on the operations being performed in the
area. Please indicate below any procedures specific to your lab area that require:

A.     use of a fume hood:

       use of a biological safety cabinet:

       use of a glove box:
B. Respirators are to be used in accordance with the respiratory protection program in practice at The
University of Alabama and with the OSHA respirator standard (29 CFR 1910.134). This policy and
associated documentation is available for review at the Office of Environmental Health and Safety or the
departmental office.

C. Appropriate protective apparel (gloves, gowns, etc) compatible with the required degree of
protection for substances handled shall be use.
_________________________________________________ (Lab CHO) will advise employees on the
proper use of these items. Glove permeability charts are available for review at the Office of
Environmental Health and Safety or the departmental office.

D. Laboratory workers will be instructed on the location and use of eyewash stations and safety
showers. The Lab CHO is responsible for this instruction.
_________________________________________________ (Lab CHO) will advise employees on the
proper use of these items. Documentation of this training should be maintained and should be easily
accessible for review and verification.

E. Laboratory workers should be trained at appointment on the use of fire extinguishers and other fire
protection systems available in their areas. If you need assistance with this training, please contact EHS
at 348-5905 for the schedule of our training sessions. If there is a need for a refresher training session,
contact EHS at 348-5905 to schedule training.

In addition, some programs require additional control measures to minimize exposure. These include
such things as medical testing (e.g., for respirator use), interlocks (e.g., for lasers), etc. EHS will notify
Lab CHOs of these additional requirements based on their specific lab hazards.

The following controls are required for this laboratory area:

laser eye exam
hearing conservation program
pulmonary exam (respirator)
medical exam/documentation

IV. Maintenance of Fume Hoods/Protective Equipment

A. Fume Hoods will be inspected at least once every twelve (12) months by Environmental Health and
Safety. Satisfactory performance will also be verified after any work is performed on a fume hood. Any
hoods that do not pass inspection will be reported for repair and certified once work is complete.
Reports of hood inspections are available for review at the Office of Environmental Health and Safety.

The standard of acceptability for the UA campus is a minimum of 60 linear FPM for all areas and 100
linear FPM in high hazard areas. However, this standard can be adjusted for variable flow or low flow

B. Biological Safety Cabinets and filters will be inspected checked every twelve (12) months by a
certified inspector. Reports of hood inspections are available for review at the Office of Environmental
Health and Safety.

C. All other protective equipment (eye washes, cabinets, interlocks, etc) shall be inspected in labs
monthly by _____________________________________________________________ (Lab CHO).
EHS does safety shower verifications annually and eyewash flushes semi-annually. More frequent
inspections, as required by safety standards, are the responsibility of the Lab CHO.

V. Information and Training

All laboratory workers covered by the Chemical Hygiene Plan will be provided with initial training on
the contents of the OSHA Lab Standard and on the UA CHP. The Lab CHO is responsible for providing
specific training to ensure they are aware of the chemical hazards present in their work area. This
training will be given at the time of initial assignment and prior to new assignments involving different
exposure situations. Refresher training should be given annually. This refresher can be done by the Lab
CHO or it can be completed through annual sessions at EHS. Each laboratory worker will be required to
sign the training completion form documenting that he/she has received training.

Laboratory workers shall be informed of:

A. The contents of the UA Chemical Hygiene Plan and the applicable OSHA standard. These shall be
available to lab workers for review at the departmental office and the Office of Environmental Health
and Safety.

B. The availability and location of the written chemical hygiene plan for the lab area in which they

C. The permissible exposure limits (PELs) or threshold limit values (TLVs) for regulated substances or
recommended exposure limits for other hazardous chemicals.

D. Signs and symptoms associated with exposure to hazardous chemicals used in the laboratory.

E. Location and availability of known reference material on the hazards, safe handling, storage, and
disposal of hazardous chemicals found in the laboratory, including, but not limited to, material safety
data sheets received from chemical suppliers.

Laboratory workers shall be trained on:
A. Methods and observations that may be used to detect the presence or release of a hazardous
chemical. These may include monitoring conducted by the employer, continuous monitoring devices,
visual appearance or odor, etc.

B. The physical and health hazards of the chemicals in the work area.

C. The measures lab workers can take to protect themselves from these hazards. These measure should
include specific procedures the employer has implemented to protect lab workers from exposure to
hazardous chemicals. This would include such things as: standard operating procedures, work practices,
emergency procedures, and personal protective equipment. Training on these measures will be
conducted by _____________________________________ (Lab CHO). The training sessions may
consist of videotapes, slides, lectures, computer review, etc. An outline of the training program is
included in the UA Chemical Hygiene Plan.

VI. Prior Approval for Specific Laboratory Operations

Certain laboratory procedures require prior approval. These include the use of lasers, biohazards,
radiation, and other hazardous procedures. Please contact EHS if you have any questions about your
procedure. Information and required documentation can be found at

VII. Medical Consultation and Examination

University Medical Center shall be the primary location providing medical consultation to all laboratory
workers in the event of accident, injury, or exposure. For potential exposure situations, medical
attention, including any follow-up examinations that the examining physician deems necessary, will be
provided under the following circumstances:

A. Whenever a lab worker develops signs or symptoms associated with a chemical to which they have
been exposed, they shall be provided an opportunity to receive appropriate medical examination. The
worker shall contact the lab chemical hygiene officer to initiate the medical program.

B. Where exposure monitoring reveals an exposure level routinely above the PEL or the TLV for
regulated substances for which medical monitoring and medical surveillance requirements exist, medical
surveillance shall be established for that individual.

C. Whenever an event takes place in the work area (i.e., spill, leak, explosion, etc.) resulting in the
likelihood of a hazardous exposure, the affected employee shall be provided an opportunity for a
medical consultation. This consultation is for the purpose of determining the need for a medical

D. All medical examinations and consultations will be performed by the staff physician at University
Medical Center. All aspects of these exams and consultations are to be performed by a licensed
physician or by someone under the direct supervision of a licensed physician.

E. Environmental Health and Safety and/or the Laboratory Chemical Hygiene Officer will provide the
following information to the physician:
1. Identity of the hazardous chemical to which the individual may have been exposed.

2. A description of the conditions of the exposure, including exposure date if available.

3. A description of the signs and symptoms of exposure that the worker is experiencing, if any.

F. The physician's written opinion for an examination or consultation shall include:

1. Recommendation for future medical followup.

2. Results of examinations and associated tests.

3. Any medical condition, revealed in the course of the examination, which may place the worker at an
increased risk at the result of exposure to hazardous chemicals in the workplace.

4. A statement that the physician has informed the employee about the results of the consultation or
medical examination and any medical conditions that may require additional examination or treatment.

G. The medical results returned to The University of Alabama by the physician shall not include
specific findings and diagnoses that are unrelated to occupational exposure.

VIII. Responsibilities under the Chemical Hygiene Plan

The Lab Safety Manager is designated as the Chemical Hygiene Officer for The University of Alabama.
The Chemical Hygiene Officer for each lab has specific duties as outlined in this manual.

The Laboratory Safety and Environmental Compliance Committee, comprised of representatives from
various campus departments, serve to advise the Office of Environmental Health and Safety. The
membership list and minutes of the meetings are available for review at the Office of Environmental
Health and Safety.

IX. Additional Protection - Select Carcinogens, Reproductive Toxins, Chemicals with High Acute

When any of these chemicals are used, the following provisions shall be employed where appropriate:

A. Establishment of a designated area.

B. Use of containment devices such as fume hoods, glove boxes, etc.

C. Procedures for safe removal of contaminated waste.

D. Decontamination procedures.

The UA CHP outlines these chemicals and the standard operating procedures that should be followed
when working with these chemicals.
X. Emergency Response

Emergency plans, fire prevention plans, emergency response plans, and hazardous waste management
programs are addressed in the UA CHP and The University of Alabama Safety Manual which is
available in each departmental office and the Office of Environmental Health and Safety. Current plans
are maintained on the EHS website,

XI. Shipping

Additional concerns arise when shipping chemical, biological or radiological material off campus,
including IATA and DOT compliance. 49 DOT requires safety training, hazard awareness training, and
function specific training for individuals shipping and receiving Dangerous Goods. EHS can provide
information about this training for anyone who needs it. EHS also provides basic awareness training for
people who sign for packages. The EHS website has additional shipping training information at EHS will ship packages for anyone who does not have the appropriate
training. Contact EHS for shipping information or questions.

If any material is imported to campus, TSCA notification may apply. Contact the Office of
Environmental Health and Safety for assistance.

If any new chemical, biological or radiological material is produced, additional paperwork must be
completed prior to shipping off campus (notifications, MSDS, etc). Contact the Office of
Environmental Health and Safety for assistance.

XII. Emissions

Notify the Office of Environmental Health and Safety if there are any emissions to air, soil, or water
other than through exhaust or the sewer system.

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