Beyond HQs Planning Monitoring Reporting and Evaluation of UN by MikeJenny

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									Good Governance For Enhanced
  Post-War Reconstruction In
        South Lebanon


             Setting-up Three Local Urban
             Observatories in the Cazas of
            Tyre, Jabal Aamel and Bint-Jbeil



                  PREPARED BY
                  RODOLPHE GHOSSOUB
PROJECT OVERVIEW
 Funding sources:
 • Dutch Government
 • Cyprus Government
 • Finnish Government

 Partners:
 • Union of Municipalities of Tyre, Bint Jbeil and Jabal Amel
 • The American University of Beirut (AUB)
 • Beit Bil Jnub Organization

 Project Duration:
 • September 2007 – December 2009
GEOGRAPHIC OUTREACH:

 21 villages (7 villages within each Union of Municipalities)


          Tyre             Jabal Amel             BintJbeil
    1. Qlaileh         1. Markaba             1. Aitaroun
    2. Zibqeen         2. Taibeh              2. Maroun el Ras
    3. Teir Harfa      3. Adchit el Qouseir   3. Ainatha
    4. Shiheen         4. Qantara             4. Bara’chit
    5. Jobbein         5. Rob Tlatin          5. Tiri
    6. Jbal el Botom   6. Qabrikha            6. Rchaf
    7. Yarin           7. Deir Seryan         7. Kounin
Middle East                                     Lebanon

              Project
              Outreach
                                        Jabal
                         Tyre
                                        Aamel


                                Bint
                                Jbeil
PROJECT MAIN ACTIVITIES
1. Provide, through the set up of three Regional Technical
   Offices, engineering assistance to around 4,000 affected
   families whose houses were totally destroyed during the July
   2006 War.
2. Build the capacity of the three Unions of Municipalities to
    improve service delivery.
-   Community Projects
-   Technical Dossiers
-   Training Program
3. Establish three Local Urban Observatories
   (LUO) as a planning tool to enhance sustainable
   development of human settlements.
-   Regional Urban Sector Profiles (RUSPs)
 LOCAL URBAN OBSERVATORY
 DEFINITION                                    Local
                                         Urban Observatory

                                     Ministries                   Other
An urban observatory is a:
• Local network of stakeholders
                                         CAS
                                                                 Offices

• Data and information resources
  produced by local network                                  Universities


• focal point for urban monitoring                    DAG
                                       NGOs
  aiming for

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
 LUOs OBJECTIVES
The project seeks to achieve three main objectives:
Objective One: To strengthen the capacity of the Union of
  Municipalities (UOMs) to produce high quality, timely, city
  disaggregated data, using standardized methods, classifications and
  definitions which promote comparability, and foster their
  dissemination in support of local policy and monitoring processes.
Objective Two: To foster networking and partnerships between national
  (such as DAG, CAS, DGU, CDR, OMSAR …) and local
  stakeholders.
Objective Three: To lay the proper ground for the sustainability and the
  institutionalization of the observatory.
    ADAPTATION TO THE SOUTH CONTEXT
                                           Designation of 3
  Crisis          Lack of                 cazas (7 severely
(war 2006)                               damaged villages in
                   data                        each )

                      Designation of
                 stakeholders (DAG CAS
                    and many others)


                        Designation of
Creation of 3
                        3 GIS experts           Initiation of
RTOs in every
                          (trained &              Activities
   caza
                          equipped)




                3 LUOs are Born
                  HOW WAS IT DESSIMINATED
           UOMs                 MoU
                                                        UN HABITAT
Sour, Bint Jbeil, Marjaayoun


 •3 GIS Experts were nominated;
 •21 local volunteers in the villages were called to assist in the
 implementation of the project;
 •Training and equipment were provided to the Experts;
 •Workshops were carried out with the Heads of the Unions to select the
 needed indicators;
 •Networking with main stakeholders (local and national level);
 •Visit from our international consultant;
 •Visits to the municipality mayors are still undertaken;
 •Continuous training and technical assistance is provided;
 •Participation in major events related to LUOs.
                     ACHIEVMENTS & OUTPUTS
•Offices were equipped (office furniture and hardwares);
•Softwares (Esri Licenses, Map Source etc) and field
equipments (Total Staion GPSs) were provided;
•Participation in training (GPS, GIS, Total Station)`and
events (GIS Day, Field visit to LUOs of Tripoli and Sin el
Fil);
•Collaboration with the stakeholders (DAG, CAS,
DGU, CDR, OMSAR );                                           LUOs
•Purchase of data from private firms (KA, MAPS);
•Data collection from major stakeholders DAG, CAS,
DGU, CDR, OMSAR and others;
•Field work for the correction of the Topo maps;
•Data collection from the municipalities was initiated;
•Data entry.
PROGRESS
WORK
                             MAIN OBSTACLES
•Reluctance of the Unions to host the Observatories since the South presents a
critical situation (Jabal Aamel caza);
•Difficulty for setting the indicators with the Unions;
•Lack of GIS expertise in the South (the GIS experts were supposed to have 3 years
of experience) resulting in time consuming to train the experts and to provide them
technical support;
•Internal conflict within each Union and RTO;
•Lack of cash flow for the experts and the Local Volunteers (LV) resulting in lack of
motivation;
•21 municipalities represent an extensive area to monitor;
                           IMPACTS ACHIEVED
•Head of the UoMs approved the LUOs and are convinced of their positive
impacts;
•The mayors gained knowledge about the LUOs;
•GIS Experts have full knowledge of the GIS technology and the LUOs;
•The GIS Experts are continuously informed with the latest GIS activities undertaken
by the software suppliers (KA);
•The LV developed their Computer skills and knowledge of the LUOs;
•Networking the heads of the UoMs with the army was initiated;
•Willingness of including all the municipalities of the Unions to the LUOs (Sour caza);
•The LUOs are implemented at the UoMs and operational (data entry, map production
etc)
THE REMAINING NEEDS
•Establish official Networks with the DAG, CAS, DGU, CDR, OMSAR and others;;
•Fostering exchange of experience between unions or municipalities;
•Institutionalization of the LUOs within UoMs;
•Search for the remaining sources of data;
•Publication of the collected data through reports and Internet.
                                                                 Institutionalization of the LUOs
     Web publishing of the                                     (Sin el Fil an already existing LUO,
           LUOs                                                 Bint Jbeil, Sour, and Jabal Aamel)




                                                                                       Local Urban
                             UN HABITAT plays a central role in                       Observatory for
                             the creation monitoring and follow-                          Beirut
                                 ups of the LUOs in Lebanon                            Municipality




                                                                                   Local Urban
 Implementation of LUOs in                                                      Observatory for the
  new cities & unions with                                                      Sour Caza (Potential
organized data (ex: Aajaltoun,                    National Urban                      area);
          Jounieh)                                Observatory for
                                                     Lebanon




 UN HABITAT expands its experience to neighboring countries

								
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