he WORLD'S PROP E E K L Y A quintet of France's new air fighters Underwood Photo ^ VERYBODY is talking about peace. And antipathy of the Bolshevist government a good thing, too. . We have had ARTHUR S. MAXWELL toward Great Britain and America. Already ^ enough of 'war. Certainly no one London serious disorders have taken place in some wants another. Eight years have of China's most important cities where the passed since the last shot was fired in the ahead of us. Would to God it might be! Western nations are most strongly repre- Great War. There have been a few war No one dislikes contention and bloodshed sented. Antiforeign riots are occurring scares since, and a little blood-letting here more than we, nor does anyone more ve- with increasing frequency and intensity. and there; but, on the whole, we seem to hemently deplore thex wastage and the folly As we write, the newspapers are full of an have been moving toward a more settled of war. Nevertheless we feel constrained urgent appeal which has just reached Par- state of affairs, at least temporarily. to admit some misgivings concerning the liament for immediate reenforcements for Nineteen twenty-six was a notable year present and the promised peace. the British naval forces in the Far East in for peace. The Locarno Pact and the sub- view of expected serious developments. sequent welcome of Germany into the The fact is that the present semblance of peace does not bear close examination. We What is brewing in those regions no man League of Nations are evidence enough of can tell; but it seems to us that the stage is the new will for peace that seems to have are not looking for trouble, but it is always best to face facts, however uninviting they being set for some terrible calamity, the come into the hearts of men. History books magnitude of which we have not as yet will tell our children that these events may appear. And if we will take time to think around the world and to consider dreamed. When four hundred million formed the real close of the Great War. people arm themselves with modern weap- We rejoice at this return of the dove of carefully conditions in various countries, we shall certainly be jogged out of our com- ons of destruction, there is no telling to peace to mankind. Overwrought and weary what ghastly lengths they may go. China with prolonged strife and turmoil, driven placency and compelled to admit-that the prophets of peace are speculating at a big to-day is one of the world's danger spots, a well-nigh to desperation by staggering tax- human volcano, bubbling, boiling, splutter- ation and the perplexities of depreciated risk. THE FAR EAST ing, the ferocity, of whose eruption may currencies,, the nations need, above all shake the whole world. things, a period of rest. No greater ma- Take China, for instance. What a muddle terial boon could come to the world just and a mess of militarism we see there! WHERE MUSSOLINI REIGNS now than a few years of quietness and Perhaps it doesn't matter much, some cal- Turn to Italy. An enigma, to be sure, but mutual confidence among its peoples. With lous people will say, so long as the people the mailed foot of Europe in very truth. all the scientific knowledge that man now over there are fighting among themselves. We are not supposed to know much about possesses, such a time of peace would see Perhaps so; but suppose, as seems quite Italy, for Mussolini has installed a strict developments for his well-being and for .the possible, the huge opposing armies should censorship of the news. But neither Mus- improvement of his conditions of labor as unite and seek a common enemy in one of solini nor his censors can stop the sound of would tempt him to think that the long- the Western nations. It is common knowl- his saber-rattling from crossing the Alps. hoped-for millennium had begun. edge that the Southern, and until now the We admit that Mussolini has done much Many voices are proclaiming to-day that victorious, army'is in sympathy with Mos- good for his country by rescuing it from such an era of prosperity and peace is just cow ; and everybody is aware of the intense (Continued on page It) VOL. 34, NO. 7 FEBR'UARY is, 1927 JLr e SEVENTH-DAY EFORE me lie two Do they offer the people of God "the devil B little tracts which contend that when Seventh- day Adventists say that for a Saviour"! the "scapegoat" of Leviti- cus 16 represents Satan, MILTON CHARL E S W I L C O X they make Satan their Christ, by His death on the cross, Sa_viour. Clifton L. reconciled man and God, and is Fowler, Dean of the the only being in the universe Denver Bible Institute who could make an atonement for the sins of men. and editor of Grace and Truth, is the author of one of these. His title is, "Will Satan Bear Our Sins? or Seventh-day Adventism Exposed." He says: "Seventh-day Adventism is guilty of tear- ing Jesus from His exalted position as our sin bearer, and actually placing the devil upon that pinnacle. Seventh-day Adventism is the wicked religion which teaches that •?Ai_ Satan is the final sin bearer for the people by good men centuries ago. Note mon, Rosenmuller, Gesenius, Witsius, of God." the following from standard Meyer, Alting, Hengstenberg, and He quotes, in' proof of the statement, works: Vaihinger are cited. "These writers from certain Seventh-day Adventist books, 1. Sanford's Cyclopedia of Re- hold that the view in question best such as "Daniel and the Revelation," page ligious Knowledge briefly sums up preserves the contrast between the 756 (page 823, edition 1907) ; "Bible Read- the various views as follows: two goats—one for Jehovah, and one ings for the Home Circle," page 241; "The "Azazel is a transliteration of for, the great adversary, Azazel—the Great Controversy," page 658; "Patriarchs the Hebrew word translated in the latter a being as well as the former. and Prophets," page 358. His last words, authorized version (Leviticus 16: . . . The goat [scapegoat] . . . was no quoted from "Patriarchs and Prophets," are 8, sq.) scapegoat. There has been sacrifice, but rather a witness that the in italic capitals, "Satan, who will bear the much discussion regarding the accepted sacrifice had been final penalty;" and then he exclaims, "There meaning of the term. Some take made."'— Vol. 9, article, it stands in all its hideous blasphemy. Satan it to be the name of a region, 'the "Scapegoat." shall bear the final penalty for sin." desert,' others of a person to whom The same article quotes Again: "Seventh-day^ Adventism offers the goat was sent. The latter Vaihinger as saying of the the people of God the devil for a Saviour." opinion is favored by the" best sins, "that Azazel, the scholars, and they hold that ref- abominable, the sinner from FAILS TO TELL WHOLE STORY erence is made to Satan.. The goat' the beginning (John 8: 44), is Mr. Fowler fails to note the many, many that was sent away typified the re^ the one from whom they have pro- statements in these books which exalt Jesus moving of the guilt of the people." ceeded, and to whom they must again Christ, the antitypical "Lamb of God, that 2. The International Standard with abhorrence be sent back, after the taketh away the sin of the world" ("beareth Bible Encyclopedia, under article solemn atonement and absolution of the sin of the world," margin). John 1: 29, "Azazel," after noting various views, the congregation have been accom- A. R. V. If the.reader is interested to know says: "Some interpret this word as plished." what this people have taught regarding referring to a demon of the wilder- ness, . . . and explain the term as 'one 5. Kitto's Cyclopedia of Biblical Jesus and our sins, we refer him to the very Literature • (article," "Goat, scape"), books from which Mr. Fowler quotes. (See who has separated himself from God,' or 'he who has separated himself,' or after a statement in reference to the "Daniel and the Revelation," pages 407, choice of each of the two goats,—for 457-8, 864-870, edition 1907; "Bible Read- 'he who misleads others.' ... In later times the word Azasel was by many Jehovah, and m for Azazel,— declares: ings," pages 110-114, edition 1914; "Great "Now, in respect to language, there can Controversy," pages 18, 19, 665, 678; "Pa- Jews and also by Christian theolo- gians, such. as Origen, regarded as be no objection to interpreting Azazel triarchs and Prophets," pages 63, 64). These as meaning Satan." references could be greatly extended. All that Satan himself who had fallen these works teach that our only hope of away from 'God." 6. Hengstenberg is cited as holding salvation from sin is in Jesus Christ alone, 3. The New Schaff-Herzog Reli- to the same opinion, as in the follow- and these critics easily could have learned it. gious Encyclopedia says: "The con- ing: "a. The manner in which the This article is written to explain "the trast between 'for Yaweh' [Jehovah], and phrase 'for Azazel' is contrasted with 'for scapegoat" of Leviticus 16, and especially 'for Azazel' . . . favors the interpretation Jehovah,' necessarily requires that Azazel verse 10, where in the common version it of Azazel as a proper noun, and a reference should denote a personal existence, and, if reads that the scapegoat was to be "pre- to Satan suggests itself." so, only Satan can be intended. sented alive before the Lord, to make an 4. McClintock and Strong's Biblical, "b. If by Azazel, Satan is not meant, there atonement with him." Theological, and Ecclesiastical Cyclopedia, is no ground for the lots that were cast. after referring to other views, as noted in We can then see no reason why the decision WHAT WELL-KNOWN AUTHORITIES SAY our first quotation from Sanford, says: was referred to God; why the high priest Because of this expression, the writers of "But there is still another class of writers did not simply assign one goat for a sin these tracts, and others, contend that, the who are disposed to claim for the word a offering, and' the other for sending away scapegoat is a symbol of Christ, not Satan. more distinctly personal existence, and who into the desert. -The circumstance that lots Seventh-day Adventists, and others, teach would refer it directly to Satan. This view are cast, implies that Jehovah is made the that the scapegoat, or the word translated is certainly of high antiquity, and is ex- antagonist of a personal existence, with re- scapegoat in our common version, is a sym- pressed in the reading of the Septuagint, spect to which it is designed to exalt the bol of Satan, not of Christ. Is this true? apopompaios, which means, not scapegoat, unlimited power of Jehovah, and to exclude are they alone in this? pr sent away, but the turner away, the all equality of this being with Jehovah. Let me first say that this latter view, sb averter. ... It was very common with the "c. Azazel, as a word of /comparatively strongly condemned, did not originate with rabbins, as in later times it has the support unfrequent formation, and only used here, Seventh-day Adventists, but was advocated of many authorities." And Spenser, Am- is best fitted for the designation of Satan." I Vol. 54 SIGNS of the TIMES, FEBRUARY 15, 1927 No. 7 'Printed and published weekly by- the Pacific Press Publishing Association, at Mountain View, California, U. S. A. Entered as second-class matter September IS, 1904, at the Mountain View, California,.post office, under Act of Congress o.f March 3, 1879. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage, provided for in section 1103, Act of October 3. 1917, and authorized September 18, '1918. Page Two SIGNS of the TIMES ADVENTISTS Blasphemers? 7. Fausset's Bible Cyclopedia (article, on the word of God. Will Mr. Fowler say The "once in the year" was the great Day, "Atonement, Day of") says, "Many think these men are guilty of blasphemy? of of Atonement of Leviticus 16,—the service' Azazel to be the devil, to whom, as the "abominable falsehood"? We do not need that completed the yearly round. (Leviticus source of sin, 'the entirely separate one,' to take the space to quote Mr.' Fowler's 16:34.) the scapegoat, with its load of sin, . . . was utter perversion of truth. Let us study d. Those ancient priests were "many in sent." briefly the text and the types and antitypes. number, because that by death they are 8. Smith's Bible Dictionary (under hindered from continuing; but He [Christ, THE CHAPTER IN QUESTION "Atonement, Day of"), after referring the great Antitype], because He abideth to different theories, says: "Others who 1. The sixteenth chapter of Leviticus is forever, hath His priesthood unchange- have studied the subject most closely take instruction regarding services on the great able;" "who needeth not daily, like those Azazel for a personal being." Day of Atonement, the closing day of the high priests, to offer up1* sacrifices, first for 9. The International Bible Dictionary Hebrew religious year. Only on this day His own sins, and then for the sins of the (article, "Atonement, Day of") : "Many does the high priest enter into the most holy people; for this He did ONCE FOR ALL, modern scholars agree that it [Azazel] place, the holy of holies, in the very .pres- when He offered up Himself." Hebrews designates the personal being to whom the ence of the glorious Shekinah, the sacred 7: 23, 24, 27, A. R. V. goat was sent, probably Satan." ark which inclosed the transgressed law, Each high priest, therefore, in the an- 10. The Bible Commentary, by Bishops the mercy seat above, and the cherubim. cient Hebrew sanctuary, in his yearly round and other clergy of the Anglican Church, 2. Before atonement is made for God's of service, was a type of the entire service edited by F. C. Cook, M. A., Canon of people, the priest must make atonement for of Jesus "once for all". -as High Priest. Exeter, says : "The greater number of critics himself and his house, with a bullock for a (See this set forth in Hebrews 9MI-I4, are however inclined to take Azazel as the sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering— 23-28.) name of an'evil spirit . . . Origen expressly cleansing and consecration. .This ceremony THE DAY OF ATONEMENT ' says that Azazel denoted the devil." was no part of the typical Day of Atone- From this plethora of witnesses, among ment services; rather it prepared the priest e. The closing work' of the year for whom are devoted Bible students and able to minister in the solemn rites that followed. the ancient priest, as above noted, scholars, it-can easily be seen that the idea If the high priest had been sinless, this pre- was on the great Day of, Atonement. It that the "scapegoat"—"Azazel"—refers to liminary service would not have been made. was a yearly judgment' day for God's Satan, is.not exclusively a Seventh-day Ad- (See Hebrews 5:3.) Israel. • Every one who did not take part in ventist teaching; that it did not originate those solemn services was cut off. (Leviti- with them; that it has been held by many DAY OF ATONEMENT SERVICES cus 23:28-30.) Through the year the sins others even for centuries. The charge of 3. For the important typical services of of the people were in figure transferred blasphemy must therefore also be laid to that great day, two he goats were brought through their offerings and the ministry of the door of men to whom Christian scholar- before the Lord at the door of the sanc- the priest to the sanctuary. On the Day of ship owes much, men who were devout, tuary, and one ram for a burnt offering. Atonement—at-one-ment—the high priest, earnest believers in Christ Jesus and His Aaron, the high priest, under divine in- bearing the blood of the goat "for Jehovah," vicarious sacrifice, apart from which all our struction, "cast lots upon the two goats; one confesses these sins at the mercy seat, over hopes of-salvation and immortality are vain; lot for Jehovah, and the other lot for the transgressed holy law of God, where he against such men as the devoted orthodox Azazel. And Aaron shall present the goat sprinkles the blood of the goat, and there Protestant scholar, Ernest Wilhelm Heng- upon which the lot fell for Jehovah, and makes atonement for the holy place "be- stenberg, who believed in a religion based offer him for a sin offering. But the goat, cause of the uncleannesses of the children of on which the lot fell for Azazel, shall be set Israel, and because of their transgressions, alive before Jehovah, to make atonement even all their sins: and so shall he do for for him, to send him away for Azazel into the tent of meeting, that dwelleth with them the wilderness." Leviticus 16: 5-10, A. R. V. in the midst of their uncleannesses." Le- The margin reads, to make atonement v viticus 16: 16, 18, 19. Atonement must be "over," or "with" him. made for everything defiled by sin, that God's people may be at one with Him. The a. The thought of the text is not one goat ram for the burnt offering stood for re- for Jehovah and the other goat for the newed consecration for the new year. scapegoat. Azazel does not mean goat. The /. Then in his own person the priest lays fact that the two expressions are parallel both hands upon the head of the live goat clearly shows that two persons are meant,- that God chose "for Azazel," and confesses "for Jehovah," "for Azazel." The first over him all the iniquities and sins of the name is of a person; so also is the second. children of Israel, and" then sends him away If one meant a person, "for Jehovah," and by the hand of one in readiness; and the the other a goat, there would have been a goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities limiting adjective, "for Jehovah," "for the unto a solitary land; and he shall let go scapegoat.". But it does not so read. It the goat in the wilderness; and the logical is "for Jehovah," "for Azazel." conclusion is that to Israel it is_the last of b. If both goats were offerings for the him, and of sin once connected with them. sins of the people, if both typified Jesus, g. It is abundantly taught in the word of what need was there that lots should be God that little Israel was a faint type of'all cast, and God decide? The priest needed God's faithful people, the true Israel of God not to discriminate. But he did, or, rather, who shall enter the gates of the eternal God did; lots were cast; God must decide. city; that the ancient day of at-ofle-ment, "The lot is cast into the lap; but the whole the yearly judgment day, is a type of God's disposing thereof is of Jehovah." Proverbs great closing work of the gospel, His day 16:33.' . v , of judgment, •which involves the whole c. The ancient priests served that which world. The vital purpose of the great is a "copy and shadow of the heavenly "mystery of His will," the gospel, is in "the things." Hebrews 8:5, A. R. V. Each of fullness of the times, to sum up all things those high priests in his yearly round. of in Christ, the things in the heavens, and service .was a type of the priestly ministry the things upon the earth." Ephesians I: of our Lord Jesus Christ. In that sanctuary 9, 10. • . " . . of old the priests went "in continually This work must involve the, cleansing of [daily] into the first tabernacle [the holy the heavenly sanctuary,, where all sins are place], accomplishing the services; but into remembered and recorded, "with better sac- the second [the holy of holies] the high rifices" than those .which the earthly sanc- Satan, the originator of sin and the father priest alone, once in the year, not without tuary knew (Hebrews 9:23); and this is of evil, will be made to sense the enormity blood, which he offereth for himself, and prophetically, predicted as taking place in of the tragedy he has brought into the uni- verse, when he is sent off, like the scapegoat, for the errors of the people." (See He- the last days; at the -end of the 2,300 days, to bear the guilt. brews 9: 1-7.) or years, of Daniel 8: 14, dating from a vital lor FEBRUARY 15, 1927 Page Three ministry in the earthly sanctuary. The clos- Every soul of earth who has sinned has bring you to the Master of life. Yield all ing of God's work for sinful man, of com- not sinned alone. "Drawn away by his own to Him willingly, gladly, and dwell with paratively short but not stated time, there ' lust, and enticed;" yes, but the enticer is Him in that sinless land where righteousness begins. This period, and there is none more "the old serpent, he that is called the devil is regnant forever. important, is known in the Scriptures as and Satan, the deceiver of the whole world." "the time of the end," "the hour of His He did the enticing. (See James 1: 13-15; judgment," the cleansing of the sanctuary Revelation 12: 9.) PEACE PERILS when "is finished the mystery of God,"— The man who breaks company with the (Continued from page 1) finished in heaven by our great High Priest; devil and gives himself by faith to Christ threatened anarchy; but the fervid national- on earth, by the proclamation of His great finds in Him at-one-ment in the washing ism and militarism which this demigod of threefold gospel message. (Revelation 10: away of his sins, in the regeneration of life. the Italians preaches to his people is sowing 7; 14:6-10; see "Great Judgment Day," by But for every sin he committed, the devil is dragons' teeth for a harvest of horror in Shuler; "Hour of God's Judgment," by also guilty. He has not repented. Nay, the days to come. Moreover, Mussolini's Haynes.) more, he works with indomitable energy to alliance with the Roman Catholic Church, PROBATION CLOSED enchain again in sin the freed soul. When his suppression of political minorities, his that soul came to Christ and confessed his intolerance of religious liberty, his opposi- Then God's work for sinful man is over. sins, he was free in Christ, but the senior tion to freedom of speech and of the press, Then it is that our great High Priest lays partner in the firm of sin was still guilty of all point to the coming of an hour of crisis. aside His sacerdotal robes, places upon the those sins confessed. He has not repented, The will and the conscience of man can not antitypical Azazel, "the devil and Satan," nor confessed, nor sued for pardon. The for long be thus repressed, and all history the sins from the sanctuary, and by a mighty sin is still active and evil. The hardened teaches that the abuse of power by an auto- angel in readiness binds him and casts him criminal may induce the boy to commit crat is followed in due time by an irresist- into the desolate land of this sin-cursed crime. The boy repents, and, pardoned by ible and overwhelming reaction. earth, in its utter desolation, for a thousand the governor, is one with the state, but the years (Isaiah 24:1-3, 22; Revelation 20: THE BALKANS 1-3), where he and his demons can behold crime is still held and cherished by the old At the moment, Italy holds Europe's most and meditate upon the ruin they have criminal; and justice demands punishment. dangerous possibilities, but the perils of wrought. The desolation of Palestine dur- So never can there be absolute at-one-ment peace are by no means confined there. ing her seventy years' captivity until the in God's universe till the author and lover of Greece is never more than a few months land enjoyed her sabbaths, is a faint type sin perishes in the glory of God. off a revolution, and the other Balkan states, of the desolated earth. (See 2 Chronicles The first and blessed part of the at-one- with all their petty jealousies and quarrels, 36.) ment is the saving of the souls who in Christ form a perpetual source of danger to the God's children are in heaven sitting with break from sin. The last and necessary part rest of the Continent. One can never for- Him in judgment, that they forever may is when at-one-ment is completed by the get that from these regions came the spark know His eternal justice and the fullness destruction of sin and all identified with that lit the powder barrels of the world in of His mercy.. (See I Corinthians 6: 1-3; sin. And the last to perish will be Azazel; 1914. Revelation 20:4-6; 19: i, 2.) In the work the at-one-ment of the universe will be com- SPAIN that Satan and his minions attempt after pleted by the extirpation of the last of sin Beneath the seemingly placid surface of the resurrection of the impenitent dead, in his destruction. affairs in Spain runs a strong, deep under- they demonstrate forever, in their effort The righteous Son of God became sin for current of discontent.' There also a Catholic to overthrow God's government, the right- us, died in our behalf, that we might be dictator in the saddle means an almost com- eousness of the divine sentence. There is made the righteousness of God in Him; and plete absence of religious liberty and free- only malice, but no repentance. He and His live forevermore. But all who dom of speech. Strict censorship prevents THE END—THE AT-ONE-MENT are not His perish forever with their sin. the full truth from being known, but news They have chosen sin instead of Christ and enough leaks out to let the world know that Then, in the presence of the ineffable, righteousness and life; and finished sin is there are advanced minds that are revolting transcendent, and, to sinners, unbearable, death. (James i: 15.) against oppression. Quite recently a serious glory of God and of His Son Jesus Christ, defection in the army became public, and sin, iniquity, all evil, and all who have Reader, there is a volume in this article. later still a more widespread plot to over- identified themselves with sin—angels and Much has been taken for granted in your men—perish forever: "who shall be pun- knowledge of God's word. vlf you do not throw the dictatorship was discovered in the Pyrenees. Turbulent times are ahead ished with everlasting destruction from the know, study the words of life. Let them for that country; and we must not be sur- presence of the Lord, and from the glory of His power." 2 Thessalonians 1:9- prised^ if its affairs become increasingly And His presence is everywhere. (Psalm dangerous to its neighbors. 139: 1-12; Jeremiah 23: 24.) They have by Maranatha MEXICO choice identified themselves with all sin, An unusual picture, -reminiscent of the EUGENE ROWELL and with sin they perish, themselves sin. Middle Ages, presents itself in Mexico. The problem of sin is settled. It is the I dreamed that over Bethlehem Once more the angels sang. There President Calles is fighting the battle one evil thing that broke unity in God's uni- And all the starry midnight sky of his life against all the might of the verse. It is the one evil thing that de- With heavenly music rang. Catholic Church. This courageous man, manded the infinite price and-sacrifice of the But now came down a sweeter strain Than in that song of old, confident that Catholicism has been the life of God's beloved Son. God's great And angels struck with happier hands curse of his country, has resolved that the heart would have saved all. Christ's love More joyous harps of gold. laws which have been made to break Rome's and sacrifice covered all. But Infinite Love grip on the land shall be maintained. It is No longer now they sang the Child can-not force acceptance. Love can not be Born to a way of pain,' one of the most notable conflicts of the coerced.A God's loyal, everlasting ones are But of the King all glorious century, and much will depend upon the out- willing lovers of God. But Infinite Love In heaven and earth to reign. come. More is involved than appears on does all that it can do to win from sin's His name in every angel voice Welled forth divinely grand the surface. Mexico certainly should be bondage its slaves. As "Maranatha," sang the host, labeled "dangerous." God's written number will be saved. His "The Lord is near at hand." THE OUTLOOK original plan will be complete. The char- Then human lips caught up the strain,— acters written in the book of life in the Lips that liad long been dumb,— Not a very promising situation. Admitted. beginning will all come home according to Where breaking hearts had, waited long It would, of course, be easy to ignore these His purpose, and all who take themselves The promised King to come. danger spots and congratulate ourselves From India's midnight towers they sang, out of that purpose shall perish. ' And from the Western strand. upon the more pleasing prospects in other "Maranatha, maranatha, directions. But that would not remove PARTNERSHIP IN SIN The Lord is near at hand." them. They are there; and at any moment The at-one-menr could have been com- any one of them might cause a catastrophe Sing on, O heavenly choir, sing on, pleted without the destruction of souls. That anthem of the sky, that would involve the world. Every angel and human being could have Till every broken heart is healed Frankly, the world is not safe enough yet let Christ Jesus cleanse away all sin and And every tear is dry. for people to be talking glibly about the And sing it, sing it, sons of men. make them one with Him. But they would In every clime and land, millennium. It is neither safe for democ- not come to Him that they might have life. "Maranatha, hallelujah, racy nor for autocracy. Its potentialities They chose their own way, that of sin; and The Lord is near at hand." ' for evil are still incalculable. At any mo- in choosing sin, they chose death. (Prov- ment our air castles of world peace may be erbs 8: 35, 36.) (Continued on pnge li) Page Four SIGNS of the TIMES Lighting the Dark Continent A :ICA is no longer the great "Dark NATHANIEL C. WILSON offerings to the spirits; he had only one Continent" of a few years ago. She Seventh-day Adventist Missionary in wife; he read a new Book. All these things has unwrapped her folds of dark- \ Northern Rhodesia seemed very strange to them. But he was ness before the advance of the ex- careful not to make trouble, and tried to be plorer, the missionary, and the settler. A helpful. Soon these heathen people began modern schoolboy expressed the popular of the inland lakes, from sections of which to see that this stranger was a better man conception of a generation ago regarding the white man still knows little, are coming in every way than they were. Some began Africa, when he wrote: "Africa is a large repeated calls for Christian teachers. to inquire as to the reason, and to their sur- country, chiefly composed of sand and ele- prise they found that he was serving a phants; the center of which was uninhabited THE STORY OF JACOB Master who was revealed in a Book which until that wicked man Stanley filled it up Several years ago an ordinary heathen he had. And, naturally, they were curious; with towns and villages." boy, now known as Jacob, came to Rusangu so he read to them from the Bible. Many What a contrast to our knowledge of Mission. It seemed hard for him to learn. became interested in his belief, and, as he Africa to-day! People generally have a He didn't seem quite as bright as his fel- had occasion, he talked about his friend, keen interest in this continent. Thousands low students. However, he was a faithful Jesus, to groups gathered around the fires have been here to see for themselves, while boy. He listened carefully to his teachers; in the evening. It wasn't long until there countless other thousands are in daily touch he enjoyed the meetings held in the chapel; were enough Christians in this village for with the affairs of this great country by he loved the great Book of the missionary— a church, and he became their preacher. A means of the cable and the newspaper. the Bible. And early in his stay he learned few months ago, a group of fifty of these As recently as 1851, Captain Smyth, presi- to love God. He learned that it was foolish new Christians walked to Musofu Mission, dent of the Royal Geographical Society, to worship spirits; he gave up strong drink, a distance of one hundred forty miles, for a general meeting. Christianity has just as strong, a gripping and a holding power out here in Central Africa as it has anywhere in the world. ^A few years ago—years well within our memory—Africa was known as the "dark- est spot on earth." Africa has been labeled the "Dark Continent," and justly, too. She is still deathly dark in many regions. But the gospel is clearing up these dark spots. The Light of the world has appeared in Africa to clear away the heavy clouds of sin and superstition and vice; and where sin has done its worst, the light is breaking forth with the greatest brilliancy. And this Light will continue to shine until "the king- doms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of His Christ; and He shall reign forever and ever." ' WHEN FOUNDATIONS GIVE WAY A baptismal scene at Rusangu Mission. Two foreign missionaries and one native minister ALMOST all foundations give way sooner can be seen in the water with the candidates. To the left above is Missionary Wilson, acting as choir leader. or later. Great money fortunes seem as though they would last forever; they do said regarding Africa, "All beyond the and turned away from the many evil cus- last year after year, and then in some coast is still a blank on our maps." But toms which have bound his people for mil- financial panic they are swept away over- . now children at school are as familiar with lenniums. He went back to his tribe a night. Of a publishing house that was one the size, the inhabitants, the history, and changed boy,—transformed by the mighty of the greatest in America a generation ago, the possibilities of Africa as of any conti- power of Christianity. He told his people another publisher said to a friend; "Nothing nent. of the wonderful things he had learned and could send that house to the wall." It was In Africa, history has not moved along found in Christianity. An interest was only a few years after that that this great at a uniform rate. For centuries it moved aroused. An hour each day was set apart publishing conc'ern failed. Men place their with the pace of a snail; while during the for Bible study. All the village came to- whole reliance on character; and character past half century it has sped along with the gether at this time, and Jacob read to them. goes. stride of an elephant. As a result, the village life became better. Suppose any and every human foundation Africa holds boundless possibilities in Many of the people stopped stealing and upon which we have been resting does give store. Doors of opportunity are open on drinking and worshiping spirits and practic- way?—There is a sure and wonderful an- all sides. Men of all classes and callings, ing their degrading vices. swer which the Christian can make. It is in men of all nationalities, have been pouring Recently Missionary Robinson visited a bit of verse that has been blessed to many: in through these open doors, some to make a these people as the first white missionary to "Be like the.bird, that, halting in her flight, fortune and return, others to seek and to their village. Much to his surprise, he Rests on boughs too slight, find a'home. Feels them give way beneath her feet, yet sings, found what might be termed a Christian Knowing she hath wings." Why this great awakening in Africa dur- village; an ideal village in many ways. No ing the past half century, particularly dur- white man had ever preached to these Isaiah knew this secret, when he sang: ing the past two decades? Why all the ex- people, but still he found here nearly an "They that wait upon the Lord shall . . . plorations? Why so great a sacrifice in entire village banded together as a church mount up with wings as eagles." The re- effort, money, and life during recent years? and holding regular services,—trans'formed deemed sinner knows the secret, and sings These are pertinent questions. by the Christian life of a humble boy and that blessed gospel hymn, "He lifted me." To the Bible student the answer is ob- the power of the gospel. Shattered human hopes need never discour-. vious. This great change has come in or- age or dismay those who are "risen with der that "this gospel of the kingdom" may BECAME A PREACHER Christ, . . . where Christ sitteth on the "be preached in all the world for a witness Two years ago a Christian native made right hand of God."—Sunday School Times. unto all nations," in' preparation for the his home in a large village on the Congo second advent of Christ. border. The people did not welcome him LEARN to commit thy daily acts to God. And the gospel story is going to Africa's very heartily at first. He was so different So shall the dry, everyday duties of com- sons by leaps and bounds. From away back from themselves. He didn't use tobacco; mon life be steps to heaven, and lift thy on the Portuguese border, from the shores he didn't drink strong liquor; he made no heart thither.—Edward B. Pusey. for FEBRUARY 15, 1927 Page Five JUSTIFICATION by Faith in CHRIST T HE New Testament has much to say about justification. It is really a new-covenant doctrine. It belongs to IRWIN,H. Christian experience, and .every Christian has the divine right to claim jus- EVANS tification as his own through faith in Christ. The apostle Paul speaks often in his writ- ings concerning this condition. One can not own justifier, and in that his own Saviour. read his epistles to the Romans and the For if justification can be obtained by Galatians without the impression coming to works, man needs no sin offering, and him continually that one must be justified, . Christ died in vain. But since justification or he fails utterly to possess what is his by is not dependent on works, but is wrought divine promise. by faith, all mankind is placed under eternal The sinner can not in the least part justify The natural heart seeks justification by obligation to the Lord for this inestimable himself before 'God. But full justification works. One of the difficult things the Chris- gift. may be obtained through our vicarious sac- tian has to learn is that justification does rifice, Jesus Christ. JUSTIFICATION AN ACT OF GOD not come from his own merit, but is wholly Justification is an act of God performed a gift of God through faith. This was as they? No, in nowise: for we before laid to in behalf of a sinner who has no way to hard for the early church to accept as it is the charge both of Jews and Greeks, that undo sin. The law of God demands perfect difficult now. Again and again Paul re- they are all under sin; as it is written, There obedience. Perfect obedience would keep a peated the ground on which the sinner is is none righteous, no, not one; there is none man where he would be righteous, and justified, and repeatedly recounted to the that understandeth, there is none^bhat seek- would have no need of a Saviour as far as early converts the great truth -that works eth after God; they have all turned aside, his own personal acts are concerned. For do not count in justification. In his letter they are together become unprofitable; the law .of God is a perfect law. It is holy, to the Romans he says: "We reckon there- there is none that doeth good, no, not so just, and righteous. Now when-a man per- fore that a man is justified by. faith apart fectly obeys a holy law, so there is no short- much as one: their throat is an open from the works of the law." Romans 3: sepulcher; with their tongues they have age in what he does to meet the fullest de- • 28. "Because by the works of the law shall used deceit: the poison of asps is under mands of that law, he needs no justifica- no flesh be justified in His sight; for through their lips: whose mouth is full of cursing tion. The difficulty is that man has never the law cometh the knowledge of sin." Ro- and bitterness: their feet are swift to shed rendered this obedience to the law of God. mans 3:20. And again, writing to the blood; • destruction and misery are in their Only one being in human flesh has ever Galatians, he says: "Knowing that a man is ways; and the way of peace have they not rendered this perfect obedience, and that is not justified by the works of the law but known: there is no fear of God before their Christ. He obeyed that law. His obedience through faith in Jesus Christ, even we be- eyes. Now we know that what things soever became His righteousness. He alone is the lieved on Christ Jesus, that we might be the law saith, it speaketh to them that are sinless One; all others have disobeyed and justified by faith in Christ, and not by the under the law; that every mouth may be come short. Paul wrote to the church at works of the law: because by the works of stopped, and all the world may be brought Rome: "What then? are we better than the law shall no flesh be justified." Gala- under the judgment of God: because by the tians 2: 16. * works of the law shall no flesh be justified The prophet Isaiah, emphasizing the same in His sight; for through the law cometh truth, says: "For we are all Jsecome as one the knowledge of sin." Romans 3:9-20. that is unclean, and all our righteousnesses Two Great Errors This is also stressed all through the epistle are as t a polluted garment: and we all do f~T'HERE are two errors to the Galatians. fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, take us away. And there is none that J- against which the children A WAY OF ESCAPE, calleth upon Thy name, that stirreth up of God—particularly those "It was possible for Adam, .before the himself to take hold of Thee; for Thou who have just come to trust in fall, to form a righteous character by obedi- hast hid Thy face from us, and hast con- His grace—especially need to ence to God's law. But he failed to do this, sumed us by means of our iniquities." guard. The first . . . is that of and because of his sin our natures are Isaiah 64: 6, 7. looking to their own ^vorks, fallen, and we can not make ourselves righteous. Since we -are sinful, unholy, we BEWARE! trusting to anything they can, can not perfectly obey a holy law. We have "There are two errors against which the do, to bring themselves into no righteousness of our own with which to children of God—particularly those who harmony with God.' He who meet the claims of the law of God. But have just come,to trust in His grace—es- is trying to become holy by his Christ has made a way of escape for us. pecially need to guard. The first ... is that own works in keeping the law, He lived on earth amid trials and tempta- of looking to their own works, trusting to is attempting an impossibility. tions such as we have to meet. He lived a anything they can do, to bring themselves All that man can do without sinless life. He died for us, and now. He into harmony with God. He who is trying Christ is polluted with selfish- offers to take our sins and give us His to become holy by his own works in keeping righteousness. If you give yourself to the law, is attempting an impossibility. All ness and sin. It is the grace of Him, and accept Him as your Saviour, then,' that man can do without Christ is polluted Christ alone, through faith, sinful as your life may have been, for His with selfishness and sin. It is the grace of that can make us holy. sake you are accounted righteous. Christ's Christ alone", through faith, that can make "The opposite and no less character stands in place of your character, us holy. dangerous error is, that belief and you are accepted before God just as if "The opposite and no less dangerous error in Christ releases men from you had not sinned."—"Steps to- Christ," is, that belief in Christ releases men from keeping the law of God; that page 67. keeping the law of God; that since by faith Sin is the transgression of the law, and alone we become partakers of the grace of since by faith alone we become is not imputed where there is no law. Now Christ, our works have nothing to do with partakers of the grace of when man has sinned, there is nothing , our redemption."—"Steps to Christ," 'pages Christ, our works have noth- that he can do to overcome this transgres- 64, 65- • ing to do with our redemp- . sion. Future obedience does not atone for If justification could be obtained through tion." the wrong. If the law says, "Thou shalt not works, every man' would have something steal," and a man steals a thousand dollars, of which to boast He would thus be his and then turns around and steals no more, Page Six SIGNS of the TIMES would his obedience atone for his sin? No, ceived by faith. But obedience is the fruit can come freely forth, and embrace and fqr- for it was his duty not to steal in the first of faith."—"Steps to Christ," page 66. give sinful men. That fact is the very place, and all his subsequent obedience only The Lord lays on Christ all the sins of center of the revelation of God in Christ, meets the demands of the law, and there is the repentant soul. Isaiah 'suggested this the very secret of His power. He has died. never any surplus to overcome the former when he said, "Jehovah hath laid on Him Voluntarily and of His own love, as well as theft. There is no way that sin can be the iniquity of us all." Isaiah 53: 6. This is in obedience to the Father's loving will, He atoned for by any future act af obedience exactly what the Lord does. He take's the has borne the consequences of the sin which on man's part. If the sinner is ever justi- sinner's' guilt, 'which demands death, and He had never shared."—"The Doctrine of fied, another than himself must do the places it upon Christ, His only-begotten Christ," pases 54, 55. justifying. God only can justify that sinner. Son. The sinless One tasted death for every There is more to justification than mere Thus it is that the Scriptures set-forth that man. "He was wounded for our transgres- , forgiveness. There is also the imputation the Lord becomes the justifier of the sinner, sions, He was bruised for our iniquities; of righteousness. The sinful life which we and in the fullness of joy over his deliver- the chastisement of our peace was upon lived in disobedience and rebellion was so ance 'he exclaims, "Who shall lay anything Him; and with His stripes we are healed." evil that nothing of it can be allowed to sur- to the charge of Gqd's elect? It is God that Isaiah 53 '• 5. Thus our sins, when repented vive. Everything we did before conversion justifieth.". Romans 8:33. "For the Lord of, are laid on Christ. He becomes the sin was selfish and wrong, it was not done out Jehovah will help me; therefore have I not bearer. The penalty of transgression is met of love to Christ; therefore it displeased been confounded: therefore have I set my in the death of our Saviour. God,, and was rebellion -against Him. It face like a flint, and I know that I shall not. "He gave/ Himself for our sins. He came must all be repudiated, for all our acts that be put to shame. He is near that-justifieth to a world steeped in.wickedness, seething we counted good and righteous were only me; who will contend with me ? let us stand with rebellion against God, hating Him be- as "filthy rags," "a polluted garment." So up together: who is mine adversary? let cause it hated the Father that sent Him, -when our sins are taken from us, we have him come near to me." Isaiah" 5017, 8. sure to say as soon as it saw Him, 'We will nothing left. Then the Lord, in the height not have .this man to reign over us.' Not and depth of His love, takes the obedience REGARDLESS OF THE PAST therefore by way of incarnation and reve- of His Son, and imputes that obedience to Thus the good Lord takes the poor sinner lation alone, as it might have been for. an us. Our sins are more than forgiven; they who is hopelessly involved in ruin by sin, innocent race; but by way of sacrifice, as a are forgotten, cast into the depths of the and by His own goodness and mercy, justi- victim on the altar of expiation, 'a lamb sea, removed as far from us as the east is fies him. As presented in the New Testa- led to the slaughter,1 He gave Himself up from the west, and the Lord imputes to us ment, justification means that, regardless of for us all. the holy, righteous life of Jesus. You are what one has done, he is forgiven, cleansed, "Christ's death has so met the require- to believe with all your heart in this justifi- and made righteous when he comes to the ments of the divine law that the divine love t'Continued on 'page 12) . Saviour of sinners for cleansing and pardon. He is made righteous by having imputed to him the righteousness of Christ. It is necessary, therefore, for every sinner to have a justifier, other than himself, who stands for the law in all its majestic per- fection, approving it, obeying it, but who pities the sinner and is capable of justifying the guilty man. This the Godhead alone can do. Angels can not do it, man can not do it; but the Godhead only. Thus there is no other name under heaven whereby we can be saved. "The word 'justification,' alike in religious and in common parlance, is a word con- nected with law. It has to do with acquittal, MY FAVORITE TEX.-a- vindication, acceptance before a judgment seat. To use a technical term, it is a forensic word, a word of the law, courts (which in "He that dwelleth in the secret place of the Most High shall abide old Rome stood in the forum). In-regard under the shadow of the Almighty. I will say of Jehovah, He is to 'us men and our salvation' it stands re- my refuge and my fortress; my God, in whom I trust." • lated not so much, -not so directly, to our Psalm pj; i, 2, A.. R. V. need of spiritual revolution, amendment, purification, holiness, as to our need of get- LEMUEL E. ESTEB ting, somehow—in spite of our guilt, . our liability, our debt, our deserved condemna- VERY lover of the Book 'has his after time throughout a period of tion—a sentence of acquittal, a sentence of acceptance, at the judgment seat of a holy God. Not that it has nothing to do with our E favorite text even though every months, helped me to think of God. yerse of its treasured store speaks Those nights filled with watching,—peer- to' the hearts of men. The first two ing into the darkness for those foes lurk- inward spiritual purification. It has intense verses of the ninety-first psalm especially ing out there in the blackness waiting to and vital relations that way. But they are appeal to me. deal our destruction; the sudden turning • not direct relations. The direct concern of . It was back in the days of the World of night into day as the flares went justification is with man's need of a divine War, and I was leaving home to join screeching heavenward; and again the deliverance, not from the power of his sin, the forces of my country. My life Was vigil watch through the long rainy night but from its guilt."—"The Doctrine of held fast in the grip of the world, and I, with nothing to do but wait and think, Christ," pages 105, 106. did not care for the Book, and felt, no gave one time to think of. God. It was "So we have nothing in ourselves of need of the Saviour's loving care. This on such a night, while waiting for the which to boast. We have no ground for was one of my mother's favorite texts, dawn to break before the zero hour ' self-exaltation. Our only ground of hope and was marked in the Bible she packed should usher in one of the great offensive is in the righteousness of Christ imputed to among my belongjngs. It was the thing drives of the war, that I recognized that us, and in that wrought by His Spirit work- I least desired; yet out there on the my life was a spared monument of God's, ing in and through us."—"Steps to Christ," front, where millions of men were locked protecting care. The conviction of the page 68. in deadly conflict, it became the treasure many times my life had been miracu- JUSTIFICATION COMES THROUGH F.AITH of my life. lously protected, caused my heart to cry A quick change from the gay univer- out, "He is my refuge and my fortress: When the sinner repents of his sins he sity throng, where life is lived in reck- My God; in Him will I trust;" and there feels helpless, broken, and dependent. He less abandon in quest of the thrills and in that shell hole, as the full meaning of sees the inefficacy of works, and, knowing- pleasures, to an experience with destruc- this text was shed upon my darkened that he is lost and without help, he casts tion playing havoc on every side can not heart, it helped me give myself to God himself upon the mercy of God. He con- but change one's perspective. To go on and to -His service. , fesses his fajth in Jesus Christ as his only the front with two hundred fifty com- • It will do that for any traveler in life hope, and because of this faith God accepts rades in your company and come out with who lets Jesus speak to his heart of His the poor sinner and justifies him. "We do from thirty to one hundred men time . loving care. not earn salvation by our obedience; for salvation is the free gift of God, to be re- for FEBRUARY 15, 1927 Page Seven SABBATH of the Fundamentalist EOPLE speak of the Jewish Sab- The third and last part bath, the Christian Sabbath, the Mo- hammedan Sabbath, the Continental of the reply to Dr. Sabbath, the civil Sabbath, and various Macartney on the other sabbaths. In reality, there is but Christian Sabbath one genuine—the Sabbath of Jehovah. All others are spurious. And, Brother Fundamentalist, in so vital a matter we can not countenance conjecture or tra- ROY FRANKLIN dition. The inerrant Word, must be our guide. God's Sabbath must be our COTTRELL Sabbath. On the foundation of creation's story our country established a national In- rests the entire Bible narrative. Evo- dependence Day. Even so the Creator lution and Inspiration are wholly in- of the heavens and the earth "hath compatible. A few moments' clear made His wonderful works to be re- thinking should convince anyone that membered ;" His "memorial," the Sab- if evolution were a fact, the Bible were bath, is to endure "throughout all gen- but a myth; and, conversely, since the erations." Psalm 111:4; I 35 :I 3- Bible bears its'own authorized creden- Twenty-five centuries elapse and, tials of genuineness, the evolutionary amid dazzling splendor, God's perfect hypothesis is but a fable,—unscientific, standard of righteousness is delivered and without foundation. from Mount Sinai. In the fourth pre- Courtesy Canadian National Railways NO SABBATH FOR EVOLUTIONISTS cept of that law, are these words: "Re- The reason and the basis for the seventh-day Sab- member the Sabbath day, to keep it bath is the fact that in six days God created the The evolutionist can give no valid holy. . . . For in six days the Lord heavens and the earth, and rested the seventh day, reason why he should keep the seventh made heaven and earth, the sea, and and set it apart as a memorial of His creative power. Above is a glimpse of Margaree. Valley, day, the first day, or any other day as all that in them is, and rested the sev- Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. the Sabbath. If ages upon ages were enth day, wherefore the Lord blessed employed in the formation of our globe the Sabbath day, and hallowed it." and the development of plant and ani- handiwork." Psalm 19: i. Man needs Exodus 20: 8-11. a Sabbath to impress upon him more mal life, then the fall of our first par- ents from the original Paradise is ab- CREATION REASON FOR SABBATH vividly the great spiritual values of surd, and the sacrifice of Christ irrele- The reason given is both potent and life. "The beauty that clothes the vant and unnecessary; Then the whole beautiful. Because the heavenly earth is a token of God's love. We may Bible were but a piece of human handi- Father employed the first six days of behold it in the everlasting hills, in the craft, with no divine sanctions against the first week in the work of creation, lofty trees, in the opening, buds and idolatry or murder, with no supreme so man is allotted the same period for the delicate flowers. All speak to us law guarding the sanctity of holy wed- labor. Likewise, on each recurring of God. The Sabbath, ever pointing to lock or the Sabbath. But, thank God, seventh day, he is to cease from his or- Him who made them all, bids men open we are not left to be tossed about amid dinary toils, and commemorate the the great book of nature, and trace such uncertainties and chaos, for the Creator's rest. therein the wisdom, the power, and the Christian has an anchor that holds Not because of physical weariness love of the Creator." Had the Sabbath steadfast and secure. did the Infinite rest. "Hast thou not always been sacredly observed, there The marriage institution, the week, known? hast thou not heard, that the could never have been an atheist,-or an and the Sabbath all originated at crea- 'everlasting God, the-Lord, the Creator idolater, a Sadducee, or a Modernist. tion, and have been preserved and of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, CHRIST WAS THE CREATOR brought down to us from that early neither is weary ?" Isaiah 40: 28. The - As mentioned in our last article, Dr. time. The first week consisted of seven Sabbath was ordained as a day of Clarence E. Macartney,, popular Fun- literal days, and was measured off by spiritual rest and refreshing. It was damentalist clergyman of Philadelphia, the Creator as a pattern for all suc- committed to the father and represent- waives aside consideration of the Bible cessive weeks to the end of time. The ative of the human family, that he and Sabbath with the remark that "the six days of labor completed, God saw his posterity might ever reflect upon the great thing about Christianity is Jesus that everything made was "very good." evidences of omnipotent power, wis- Christ." To be sure, the doctor's dec- He therefore "rested on the seventh dom, and goodness. Its observance was laration is altogether true; but remem- day from all His work which He had to be in grateful tribute to God, our ber this: any orthodox Jew during the , made. And God blessed the seventh rightful Sovereign. As "a perpetual past thirty-five hundred years would day, and sanctified it: because that in covenant," as a sign of loyalty between assert with equal confidence that "the it He had rested from all His work God and His people, the Sabbath was great thing about our religion is the which God created and made." Gene- to remain unchangeable and eternal. Messiah." However, Messiah "came sis 2:2, 3. (Exodus 31: 12-17.) unto His own, and His own received To keep in lively memory their "The heavens declare the glory of Him not." John i:n. Solemn ques- blood-bought freedom, the fathers of God; and the firmament showeth His tion; If Christ should come to-day, Page Eight SIGNS of the TIMES first public, utterances was the state- ment, "Think not that I am come to destroy the law." On the contrary, He said: "Lo, I come: in the volume of the book it is written of Me, I delight to do Thy will, O My God: yea, Thy law is within My heart." His whole life, was a fulfillment of the prophecy: "The Lord is well pleased for His righteous- ness' sake; He will magnify the,law, and make it honorable." Matthew 5 : 17; Psalm 40: 7, 8; Isaiah 42: 21. By example and precept Christ ever honored the Sabbath of the command- ment (Luke 4: 16); and in one of His final sermons He bade the disciples pray that their flight from Jerusalem, which was to occur nearly forty years later, should not cause them to dese- crate the holy Sabbath hours. (Mat- thew 24: 20.) In observing creation's memorial, the apostles followed in the footsteps of their Master, and never by word or act hinted that there was to be any change in the day of rest. FIRST DAY NOT COMMANDED Eight times only is the first day of the week mentioned in the New Testa- ment. Six of these are in connection with Christ's resurrection; another oc- curs in the record of a farewell meet- ing held by Paul on what is now termed "Saturday evening" (see Conybeare and Howson's "Life and Epistles of the Apostle Paul," page 520); while the last of the series simply requests that on the first day of the week each of the church members how many, even among professed Fun- How eminently fitting, therefore, at "lay by him in store,, as God hath pros- damentalists, would recognize and wel- the time of His first advent, for Him pered him." I Corinthians 16:1, 2. come Him ? to make the announcement: "The Son This was not an offering for the Somehow many have the idea that of man is Lord also of the Sabbath"! church, but a gift to the poor; and the God the Father is the central figure of Mark 2: 28. * language suggests, not a religious the Old Testament, and that Christ is Christ had established it in the be- gathering or a meeting of any kind, the theme of the New.. Read with us ginning as a day of joyous praise and but a reckoning of accounts and a little a few scriptures: "In the beginning spiritual service; but the Jews had "community chest" fund in each home. was the Word, and the Word was with buried it beneath a mass of austere tra- God, and the Word was God. The Regarding the seventh-day Sabbath, ditions and burdensome exactions. the teaching of both the Old Testament same was in the beginning with God. Who was better qualified than the Lord All things were made by Him; and and the New is unanimous. Patriarchs of the Sabbath, to resurrect it and to and prophets, Christ and His apostles, without Him was not anything made exalt it again before the world as a day that was made." John i : 1-3. alike revered the command: "Six days of joy and gladness, a day of physical shalt thou labor, and do all thy work: Speaking of "His dear Son" another and spiritual rejuvenation? Both by text declares: "Who is the image of the but the seventh day is the Sabbath of creation and by redemption it is verily the Lord thy God." Not until the pass- invisible God, the first-born of every "the 'Lord's day." creature: for by Him were all things ing of several centuries after Christ created, that are in heaven, and that CHRIST GAVE SABBATH LAW did the observance of Sunday, together are in earth, visible and invisible, Again, the Bible informs us that with numerous other errors, creep into whether they be thrones, or dominions, Christ was the leader of ancient Israel, the Christian church. This apostasy, or principalities, or powers: all things the head of the church in the wilder- which displaced "the Sabbath of the were created by Him, and for Him." ness ; that it was He who descended in Lord" and introduced many abomin- Colossians i: 15-17. The Saviour majesty upon Mount Sinai and pro- able heresies, was explicitly foretold by Himself prayed: "And now, O Father, claimed the law of Ten Command- the inspired writers. (Daniel 7:25; glorify Thou Me with Thine own self ments in the hearing of the vast multi- 2 Thessalonians 2 : 3-7.) with the glory which I had with Thee tude. (i Corinthians 10: 4, 9; Acts 7: GOD DOES NOT CHANGE before the world was." John 17:5. 37, 38; Hebrews 12:24-26.) Truly, Man may change, does change; but (See also Hebrews 1:1-3.) when the Book declares that Christ "is our Lord declares, "I change not." This testimony is clear. The Father before all things, and by Him all things Malachi 3 : 6. With Him there "is no and the Son shared together in the consist," this would include the law variableness, neither shadow of turn- glory and honor of universal sov- which is a part of "all things." ing" (James i: 17); and the law, in- ereignty. They counseled together at Can we conceive of Christ abolishing cluding the Sabbath, is but a reflection the time of creation: "Let Us make the law that He Himself had pro- of His own character. In all ages the man in Our image, after Our likeness." claimed ? Never; we love and adore Sabbath has been the believer's sign or Genesis i: 26. Christ made the world Him because He is "Jesus Christ the banner of loyalty. Can we imagine a in six days. Christ rested on the sev- same yesterday, and to-day, and for- citizen of our country trailing and enth. He blessed and sanctified it. ever." Hebrews 13:8. Among His (Continued on page le) for FEE R.U A R Y 15, 1927 Page Nine The "SIGNS" QUESTION CORNER Conducted by WILLIAM G. WIRTH, 5447 EL VERANO AVENUE, EAGLE ROCK, CALIFORNIA If you have any questions in your mind regarding Bible doctrine arid Christian living, or on other subjects apropos to the field of the "Signs of the Times," write them out and send them to the Editors, or preferably, direct to Professor Wirth. Inclose a self-addressed stamped envelope. THE LOST BOOKS OF THE faith. The fact is that there are actually CHRIST IN THE SANCTUARY many, many more of these extra-Biblical, BIBLE; ELIAS AND ELIJAH supposedly Scriptural books, called also Electa Reuss, BouldeK, Colorado, takes us William Neese, Garden City, Texas, in- apocryphal books, than are listed in the to task for teaching that Christ did not quires about the apocryphal books of the recent "Lost Books." Divine Providence enter .'into "the most holy place" in the Old Testament and the so-called "Lost has done the selecting for us, and we can heavenly sanctuary until 1844, quoting He- Books of the Bible." rest content in that fact. Archaeologists brews o: 8; 10: 19-21 to prove that He went He also wishes to know about the two are turning up more and more of these at once into the most holy place. She also , names Elias and Elijah, and where he can apocryphal books, some of them purporting wishes to know when it was that Christ obtain an account of the lives of the twelve to be written by the Bible writers them- made atonement for sin. Besides the answer apostles. selves. This, however, proves nothing; for given here, we have a very conclusive article as anyone knows who has studied the canon One asks where there may be obtained of the Scriptures, scores of books claiming on this subject by Milton C. Wilcox in the certain apocryphal books of the Old Testa- to be divinely inspired, and so a part of the "Signs" for February 15, ment, such as the Wisdom of Solomon. The Bible, are pseudepigraphical; that is, they publishers of the Oxford Bible put out pretend to be written | by some Scriptural According to the Greek of Hebrews 9 : these 'noncanonical books in a single volume. writer, such as Moses or Isaiah, but are 8; 10: 19-21, and so given in the American Many are perplexed these days over the gross deceptions. Therefore, they have been Revised Version, Christ did not enter when so-called "Lost Books of the Bible" which rej ected. He ascended to heaven into th'e most holy are being advertised, and for which so much, place of the heavenly - sanctuary, but into is being claimed from the Scriptural point • There is one real Value to be gained from the "holy place," meaning that He began His of view. Let no one be disturbed or de- these pseudo-Scriptural books, and that is, work in the first apartment where He would they do help us to get an idea of the history antitypica'lly be expected to begin His min- ceived regarding this matter. This is simply and the historical background of the Bible istration. another of the Modernistic endeavors to cast times. Asx to their authority as divine in- doubt and discredit on the word of God as .The "right hand of God" in Hebrews 10: spiration, however, they are nil. - it now stands, and to make it appear that 12 ; 12 : 2 means that Christ returned to His the Old and New Testaments as we now Elias and Elijah are names referring to position as next to the Father, as being the have them are not the sole, complete, su- the same Old-Testament ' prophet, Elias Son of God, which He had before He came preme Scriptural authority for our faith, simply being the New Testament form of to this . earth as man. Place is not at all but that other books which might properly Elijah. to be emphasized in these scriptures. (Read be classed with the books of the Old and For good popular accounts of the lives of Hebrews i : 3, 4.) When we say that Dawes New Testaments have been left out of the the various twelve apostles, any good Bible is at the right hand of Coolidge, this dr?s Bible, or at least that they are of equal in- dictionary or encyclopedia will give this in- not mean that he is always placed next t~o spiration with the books of the Bible. formation ; also the Schaff-Herzog Religious Coolidge, but merely that he is next to t'' A few words as to how the canon of the Encyclopedia, These can be found in any President in position and office. Scriptures was made up will be in place. up-to-date public library. Hebrews 6: 19, 20, in recording that our As the various writers, under divine inspira- Lord entered "into that which is within the tion, wrote their books, the Holy Spirit, ever . "666" veil," affirms that He began His work in the directing and superintending the church of first apartment of the heavenly sanctuary. God, caused the individuals and congrega- Paul Schalla, Cheney, Kansas, asks for The fact that .Hebrews 9 : 3 shows there i: tions making up the universal church to ac- an explanation of Revelation 13: 18. a "second veil," proves conclusively the cept these writings as the word of God. first veil at the entrance of the first apart- The "beast" in Revelation 13: 18 refers to Thus it was that the Bible was a growth, ment, in which apartment Christ would and was not the product of one man or any the ecclesiastical power brought to view in the first part of the chapter, the papacy. naturally begin His work. company of men at any one time. The books • were accepted one after another, and so at The mention of "man" shows that this Seventh-day Adventists take the position various times. Toward the close of the power revolves around one dominating hu- that the blood of Jesus Christ, and that period during which the Old Testament man being, who is the head of-the apostasy blood alone, atones for our sins. The fact books were written, and after the Babylon- and controls it, that is, the pope. The num- that on the day of atonement, under the old ian captivity, Ezra, Nehemiah, and their ber "six hundred and sixty and six" refers dispensation (see Leviticus 16), the sanc- colaborers put these accepted books into one to the numerical values of the various Latin tuary was cleansed from the sins transferred collection, and it is from this that our pres- letters making up the title of the pope as it to it by the blood of the sacrifices offered ent Old Testament is made up. appears on his triple crown." This title is during the year, does not at all lessen this The canon of the New Testament follows Vicarius filii del; and the numerical values glorious truth of forgiveness through the same general plan. Early in the Chris- of those letters that have a number value' in Christ's shed blood in our behalf. This • was tian era, and not because of action taken by the title are as follows: V-5, I-i, C-ioo, I-i, already done for the individual believer. various church councils,' as is erroneously U-S, I-i, L-SO, I-i, I-i, D-SOO, I-i, making a The same holds true for the antitypical day supposed, the books as we now have them total of 666. of atonement, when Christ began His work in the New Testament were accepted by the in 'the second apartment of the heavenly believers and used as their spiritual rule of CANTICLES sanctuary, to judge His people, and thus to conduct, which is what the word canon cleanse the heavenly sanctuary of the sins. Frances Michelson of Racine, Wisconsin, committed to it; by forgiveness already means. It is • true that the Councils of says she has found a Bible reference reading Laodicea and Carthage, toward the close of granted to His people. The "cleansing" "Canticles 6: w," but can not find that book refers only to the final disposition of sin. the 4th century A. D., did publish lists of the in her Bible. New Testament books; but all these councils From Leviticus 16 it is plain that the did was to ratify what the general sense of The Biblical abbreviation Cant., 'meaning service on the day of atonement took place Christianity had already received as of di- Canticles, is another title for the book of in the second apartment of the sanctuary. vine inspiration. the Old Testament called in our English Hebrews 9: 12 does not refer to the second As the Bible is distinctly God's book, we Bible, the Song of Songs, and popularly apartment, but to the beginning of the entire may safely leave it to Him to see that there known as "The Song "of Solomon." In the sanctuary service, and so in the first apart- are in the Old and New Testaments just the Latin Vulgate the title of this book is ment. It is to this beginning sanctuary serv- books, and only the books, that He would "Canticum Canticorum," whence, in English, ice in heaven that Hebrews 6: 19, 20 also have us accept as the rule (canon) of our we get the word Canticles. refers. . Page Ten SIGNS of the TIMES T HE pertinent question of the dis- ciples 'concerning the time of the end found a sympathetic re- sponse in the Saviour. Scripture CHRIST'S ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the. day dawn, and the Day-Star arise in your hearts: knowing this first, that no" records: "And Jesus answered and prophecy of the Scripture is of any said unto them." There was no indif- private interpretation. For the proph- ferent hesitation on the part of Jesus. FRANK ecy came not in old time by the will of We find no subtle excuses. He makes man: but holy men of God spake as no plausible explanations, seeking to calm their fervent questionings and make them believe that their question ANSWER they were moved by the Holy Ghost." 2 Peter i: 16, 19-21. Friend, turn on the searchlight of was an unimportant one. I wonder God's prophetic truth. Be not of those how many of the representatives of who are endeavoring to pierce the Christ to-day, those who stand as wit- THE SECOND IN THE SERIES ON darkness with fear and trembling, be- nesses for Him, would seek to turn MATTHEW cause they know nothing of the times aside from answering such a pertinent TWENTY-FOUR and the seasons. Thank.God for the question. . How many leaders in the prophetic light of Christ's words con- Christian church to-day seek to allay FREDERICK LEE tained in this wonderful chapter. the fears of all who desire to know Study'them. Give heed to them. something concerning the end of the THE ANSWER IS FOR ALL world and the second coming of Christ ? eousness. We read of His many acts Christ answered His disciples in This is a question that arises in the of destruction from the dim dawn of order that all might know the time of heart of every man who has a sense of history; but He has always sent His His second coming. Every one who an impending judgment. It is a legiti- messengers before Him, "rising up be- desires salvation, every,one who pro- mate one. Christ encouraged such times, and sending; because He had fesses the name of Christ and has inquiries by the directness of His reply compassion on His people." 2 Chron- learned to know and love Jesus should to the disciples. He had been waiting icles 36: 15. be longing to see the One who is their for such a question, and. He was ready Before the Flood, God sent "a "door of hope." Without the second with His answer. The answer, how- preacher of righteousness" in the per- coming of Christ, this earth will never • ever, was not for His disciples alone, son of Noah • before the destruction of know the cessation of sin and destruc- but for those especially who should live Sodom and Gomorrah He sent His tion. Rivers of blood will flow on, in the time when the things which He angels; in the time of the deliverance becoming wider and deeper. Men will mentioned should be fulfilled. of Israel from Egypt, He sent ^His continue to weep because of the pain servant Moses; when the Jews were and agony that shall be theirs. The SPECIFIC SIGNS delivered from Babylon, He sent the tread of the murderer will be heard in The chapter opens with the ques- prophets of the Lord, Haggai and the night, and the march of the regi- tion of the disciples; it continues with Zechariah, who gave timely messages ments of war will shake the earth. the reply of Christ. Herein are re- of warning; before the coming of the But in the blessed hope and the vealed the signs that should take place Messiah, John the Baptist was sent to glorious appearing of the great God, doWii to the very end of time. At the prepare the way of the Lord. Since and'.our Saviour, Jesus Christ, we find clo"? of the prophetic words of this God has in all times sent warning signs the anchor of our souls. Though earth' rH'jiteis Christ said, "Then shall ap- and messages in order that His people winds may buffet, and sin's waves dash, , 'cii the sign of the Son of man in might escape the coming destruction, and roar, we know our Master jvill heaven: and then shall all the tribes of will He not do much more in the end soon come and sp'eak peace to this the earth mourn, and they shall see the of time, when the whole earth shall be troubled world. Then the rose shall Son of man coming in the clouds of filled with desolation? no more know the thorn. Nothing heaven with power and great glory. shall mar the beauty of the earth. Our And He shall send His angels with a cup of joy and gladness shall be full, great sound of a trumpet, and they and none shall take it away. Then shall gather together His elect from shall it be said, "Behold, the tabernacle the four winds, from one end of heaven 'of God is with men, and He will dwell to the other;" with them, and they shall be His people, Thereon through the chapter follow and God Himself shall be with them, words of exhortation. "Therefore be and be their God. And God shall wipe ye also ready: for in such an hour as away all tears from their eyes; and ye think not the Son of man cometh." there shall be no more death, neither "When ye shall see all these things, sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there know that it is near, even at the doors." be . any morq pain: for the former •Verses 44, 33. things are passed away." Revelation So clearly and so directly did Christ 21: 3, 4- point 'out the signs that should, mark It was concerning the time of these the end of time that no man who seeks things that the disciples desired to to know of His second coming need know. How good God is to reveal mistake it or have it overtake him un- this through His Son, Jesus! After awares. It is in the purpose of God studying the words of Christ, given in that all men should know concerning answer to the question of the disciples, the time of His visitation. He desires we may surely know that we are now that all! men prepare to meet Him. We need not follow the distraught living in the time when all these things "Surely the Lord God will do nothing, predictions of fanatical men. We need shall be fulfilled. It will not be long but He revealeth His, secret unto His not look unto the interpretations of before the child of God will look up servants the prophets." Amos 3 : 7. false spirits. "We have not followed *and say, "Lo. this is our God ; we have From ancient times God has done cunningly devised fables, when we waited for Him, and He will save us: this. Sinners have first been given op- made known unto you the power and this is the Lord; we have waited for portunity to repent before God sent coming of our Lord Jesus Christ." Him, we will be glad and rejoice in His forth His works of judgment. God is "We have also a more sure word of salvation." Isaiah 25 : 9. just, as well as the upholder of right- prophecy; whereunto ye do well that (Continued two weeks hence) ' for FEBRUARY 15, 1927 Page Eleven THE SABBATH OF THE which it desires, and be compelled to live schemes is battling against forces which he FUNDAMENTALIST in fear of on-coming disasters. does not understand, which he can never (Continued from page 9) Of course, if we' could get the whole control, and which must ultimately over- world converted to Christ, all would be whelm him. trampling on the Stars and Stripes, and well. But what man in his right senses The approaching divine intervention in at the.same time stoutly asserting his ever expects that will happen? It never human affairs is part of an eternal purpose, virile Americanism? But what shall will happen. Our Lord said so. The gos- the culmination of a plan whose beginning, we say of him who proclaims, "Christ pel, He affirmed, would be preached in all complexity, and magnitude are beyond our is all! I do not even need His precepts the world as a witness, and then, He said, ken. It is bound to come, for it belongs to "the end" would come. (Matthew 24: 14.) those awful realities of the spiritual world or His example." Just what He meant by "the end" has that move majestically onward to their ap- Fundamentalist friends, it matters been a subject of debate by theologians ever pointed end. not how long the church has strayed since; but if we are to take Bible state- Such divine intervention, moreover, is the .from the path of right. To have been ments at their face value, then it simply world's only hope for enduring peace. As wrong for seventeen hundred years means the time when He, personally, will to its effect upon ourselves, that will depend does not now clean the slate, absolve return, and, amid gigantic scenes on the entirely upon our personal attitude toward the guilty, and transform error into earth and in the heavens, close up the the "invisible "things" of the Spirit. And truth. We must sweep away the ac- world's history, raise the dead, and take His when the day comes in which they are re- cumulated rubbish of centuries, and people away. If you want a text for it, here vealed to mortal eyes, and when we sense is one. There are several others quite their terrible impact upon our souls, we take our stand upon the unshaken word similar: of God. shall be at rest only if we have, made our "The Lord Himself shall descend from peace with God. We must join the noble company of heaven with a shout, with the voice of the Fundamentalists who have stood val- Archangel, and with the trump of God: and iantly for the truth of God in past the dead in Christ shall rise first: then we ages. Abraham, Moses, Daniel, which are alive and remain shall be caught JUSTIFICATION BY FAITH Stephen, and Paul were of the true up together with them in the clouds, to meet IN CHRIST "apostolic line;" and we, as their privi- the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be (Continued from page °7) with the Lord." I Thessalonians 4: 16, 17. leged successors, "should earnestly To the average man that sounds unprac- cation which comes to you personally be contend for the faith which was once tical. He would rather see the world's cause you believe: delivered unto the saints." No matter troubles cured by a league of nations or a When we are justified, we are made pre- how costly the price of loyalty, let us world court. In other words, he would sentable to the family in heaven. We be- live with Jesus Christ, magnifying His rather see the job through himself. But he come spiritual beings, all our guilt is re- law, and honoring His Sabbath; for, can not do it. The heart of man, as Jere- moved, and we are clothed in robes of right- addressing those that keep His "Sab- miah says, is too deceitful; too desperately eousness of Christ's own weaving. Then it wicked. (Jeremiah 17:9.) Behind all the is that the Christian can break forth with baths and choose the things that please" world's sorrows is sin, the deep problem of song: "I will greatly rejoice in Jehovah, Him, His promise reads, "Even unto its origin, the mysterious history of the my soul shall be joyful in my God; for He them will I give in Mine house and universe, and the silent but • tremendous hath clothed me with the garments of sal- within My walls a place and a name struggle between light and darkness, right vation, He hath covered me with the robe better than of sons and of daughters: and wrong, Christ and Satan, that has pro- of righteousness, as a bridegroom decketh I will give them an everlasting name, ceeded through untold ages. No; the man himself with a garland, and as a bride that shall not be cut off." Isaiah who would put the world right by man-made adorneth herself with her jewels." Isaiah 61: 10. 56:4,5- Then there comes into the soul a peace, a Christ Himself extends the welcome, joy, a quietness, such as the prophet de- and we gladly accept. And there, with Don't return scribed : "Then justice shall dwell in the that rapturous throng of unsullied wilderness; and righteousness shall abide Fundamentalists, "from one new moon in the fruitful field. And the work of right- to another, and from one Sabbath to the paper — eousness shall be peace; and the effect of another," we will come to worship be- righteousness, quietness and confidence for- fore the Lord. (See Isaiah 66:23; ever. And My people shall abide in a peace- Revelation 22:14.) able habitation, and in safe dwellings, and in I F you are receiving the "Signs of the Times" with- out having subscribed for it, do quiet resting places." Isaiah 32: 16-18. "Then the redeemed will be welcomed to the home that Jesus is preparing for them. PEACE PERILS not ask to have the paper stopped for fear that you will There their companions will not be the vile (Continued from page 4) of earth, liars, idolaters, the impure, t and finally be billed for it. You bombed and blown to bits by the hellish are NOT receiving the "Signs" unbelieving; but they will associate with hate that springs from unregenerate hearts. through any advertising pro- those who have overcome Satan, and Truly the gospel, with its message of love, gram of the publishers; for through divine grace have formed perfect has softened men's hearts and brought in its papers are mailed only when characters. Every sinful tendency, every train man's greatest blessings. Institutions subscriptions are paid in ad- imperfection, that afflicts them here, has vance. Some friend, who has been removed by the blood of Christ, and for the sick, the poor, and the outcast, have found the "Signs" of personal followed in the path of the messengers of value and who wants you also to the excellence and brightness of His glory, God. Slavery and kindred evils have been become acquainted with it, has far exceeding the brightness of the sun, is abolished under governments swayed by probably sent in a subscription imparted to them. And the moral beauty, Christian principles. The present spirit of for you, and has failed to in- the perfection of His character, shines conciliation among the nations has doubtless form you of the fact. through them, in worth far exceeding this been inspired by men in touch with God. Therefore, let us repeat, the outward splendor. They are without fault Nevertheless we all know that, despite all publishers are not going to send before the great white throne, sharing the you a bill, for it has already dignity and the privileges of the angels. the good that has been done, all the millions been paid. We do, however, in- that have been spent upon the propagation vite your earnest attention to "In view of the glorious inheritance that of the gospel, there are but a comparative the discussions on prophecy and may be his, 'what shall a man give in ex- few who have experienced the new birth Bible doctrine, and of Christian change for his soul?' [Matthew 16:26.] that is so vitally necessary to the victorious experience and duty, which are He may be poor, yet he possesses in him- life. In the aggregate, they might total, set forth in the "Signs of the self a wealth and dignity that the world perchance, thousands, even hundreds of Times;" and if any questions could never bestow. The soul redeemed and thousands, but all together they would ap-, come to your mind as you read, cleansed from sin, with all its noble powers pear but an insignificant remnant compared upon which you wish further light, be most free to pass your dedicated to the service of God, is of sur- with the vast hordes of those "that know queries on to the Editors. They passing worth; and there is joy in heaven in not God, and that obey not the gospel of our will be glad to hear from you. the presence of God and the holy angels Lord Jesus Christ." 2 Thessalonians 1: 8. over one soul redeemed, a joy that is ex- And' so long as this numerical disparity ex- pressed in songs of holy triumph."—"Steps ists, so long will the world lack the peace to Christ," pages 131, 132. Page Twelve SIGNS of the TIMES" the word "sacrifice" has been supplied by the translators, to be read in connection with "daily," we have omitted the use of the word. The word translated "daily" in our Authorized Version is the Hebrew word, "hatamid," and means "continual." This same word is used in the original of Daniel 11:31; 12:11. There are also nine- teen other passages in the Old Testament where this word is found, and in every one the word has a direct reference to some por- tion of the work connected with the earthly sanctuary service. Examples of the word are: 1. In Numbers 4:7, "The continual bread." 2. In Numbers 4: 16, "The daily meat of- fering." In Nehemiah 10: 33, "The contin- ual meat offering." 3. In Numbers 28: 10, "The continual burnt offering." See also verses 23, 24, 31; and chapter 29: u, 16, 19, 22, 28, 34, 38; Nehemiah 10: 33. In Numbers 29: 6, "The daily burnt offering." THE CONTINUAL MEDIATION The translators of the Revised Version have used the word "continual" in the place of "daily," but with it have supplied the words "burnt offering." But this rendering, as does the Authorized Version, also places a restriction upon the word "continual." The word is not limited to a "daily sacri- fice," to a "continual burnt offering," or to a "continual meat offering." The very fact that there is no word connected with "con- tinual" or "daily" in the original text shows that this word includes all the work and truths of the sanctuary that are in anywise continual. Thus this word is always used in reference to the service and the worship .of Jehovah. The word "tamid" which also means "continual," or "perpetual," is found in the following texts: 1. "A continual burnt offering." Exodus . 29: 42; Numbers 28: 3, 6; Ezra 3:5; Eze- kiel 46: 15. 2. "A meat offering perpetual." Leviticus 6: 20. 3. "A perpetual incense." Exodus 30: 8. 4. "The continual shewbread." 2 Chroni- cles 2: 4. The high altar in St. Peter's Cathedral, Rome. By its system of human This word carries the thought of' con- priestly mediation, the papacy has taken away the mediatorial office of tinuance or perpetuity, and usually is used Christ. in reference to the worship of Jehovah. In previous articles we have' seen that all the sacrifices and all the ceremonies of the earthly sanctuary pointed to the death and mediation of Jesus Christ. The "daily," or Tearing the Heart Out "continual burnt offering;" the "daily," or "continual meat offering;" and the "con- tinual bread," all pointed to Christ. These of the Gospel things, being typical, passed away by limi- tation at the cross, for there type met anti- type and the shadow met its substance; but the truths which these types prefigured' re- The "little horn" takes away the mediatorial mained. Therefore, whatever truths are found in the typical services that are of con- power and office of Jesus Christ. tinual, or perpetual, value in the use of the divine worship of God must be that which L. E R V I N W RIGHT is comprehended in the word "daily," or "continual." The great, outstanding fea- tures, or truths, of the divine worship of "ONG before the Modernist began his daily . . . was taken away, and the place of God are: war against the blood atonement, an- His sanctuary cast down. . . . And it cast 1. Christ was "made like unto His other power in this world had, so down the truth to the ground; and it prac- brethren, that He might be a merciful and far as it is possible in human purpose ticed, and prospered." Daniel 8: n, 12, faithful high priest in things pertaining to and intent, made the gospel anaemic. This margin. God, to make reconciliation for the sins of power did more than any Modernist has yet In a previous article we have seen that the people." Hebrews 2: 17. The truth that done; it thought to tear the very heart out the "little horn" is a symbol of Rome in God took upon Himself sinful flesh (Ro- of the gospel—and it well-nigh succeeded. both its pagan and its papal phase, but that mans 8:3) is the first step in the salvation This power is the object of prophecy, and the symbol particularly met its greatest ful- of man, and is of "continual" value. is called the "little horn." This "little fillment in papal Rome. 2. Christ "offered one sacrifice for sins horn," says the prophecy, was to magnify But what does the prophecy mean when it forever." Hebrews 10: 12. He needed "not himself "even against the Prince of the says that it took away from Christ "the daily, as those high priests, to offer up host [Christ Himself], and from Him the daily" ? What is meant by "the daily" ? As sacrifice, first for His own sins, and then for FEBRUARY 15. 1927 Page Thirteen for the people's: for this He did once, when be the shadow and figure of the Catholic He offered up Himself." Hebrews 7: 27. Church alone. In the Jewish system there is Not that "He should offer Himself often, one visible head, Moses,- continuing to live . . . but now once in the end of the world on in the sovereign pontiffs, the successive THE WORLD'S PROPHETIC WEEKLY hath He appeared to put away sin by the high priests, who sat in his chair. This sacrifice of Himself." Hebrews 9:25,'26. head presides over a complete hierarchy, to Advocating a return to the simple gospel of Christ, and a preparation The vicarious death of Christ which was which entire obedience is due under the for His imminent second appearing "once" (Hebrews 10:10) is essentially of severest penalties. These priests teach with permanent, or "continual," value. authority, explain the law, preserve the EDITORS 3. Christ is a "high priest, who is set on traditions, maintain the practice of morality, A. O. TAIT A. L. BAKER * F. D. NICHOL the right hand of the throne of the Majesty pray, and offer sacrifices,—in a word gov- CIRCULATION MANAGER J. E. FERREN in the heavens; a minister of the sanctuary, ern the religious society. In these features and-of the true tabernacle, which the Lord who can not recognize Jesus Christ still Vol. 54, No. 7 February 15, 1927 pitched, and not man." "Wherefore He is living for the government of the Catholic Mountain View,' California able also to save them to the uttermost that Church in Peter and his successors, the come unto God by Him, seeing He ever Roman pontiffs presiding over the whole • SUBSCRIPTION RATES liveth to make intercession for them." ecclesiastical hierarchy, over the authority, In United States: Hebrews 8:1, 2; 7:25. The mediation of the consecration, and the functions of the Single copy, one year ................... .$1.50 priests of the new law? If Christ is come Clubs of five or more to one address, each .. 1.25 Christ as the "one mediator between God To Canada and other countries taking extra postage: and men" (i Timothy 2:5) is positively of 'not to destroy the law, but to carry it to .Single copy, one year ................... .$2.00 permanent, or "continual," value. perfection,' all that is imperfect in the syn- Clubs of five or more to one address, each .. 1.50- agogue ought to be perfect in the church: Please make all checks and money orders payable - 4. Christ "condemned sin in the flesh : that to "Signs of the Times," Mountain View, California. high priesthood, sacraments, sacrifices, etc., the righteousness of the law might be ful- etc. This perfection of the law we perceive NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS filled in us," for "by the deeds of the law throughout the Catholic system."—"Catho .Expiration. All issues for the month^ named on there shall no flesh be justified in His sight." But we are "justified freely by His lic Doctrine as Defined by the Council of the v top line of your address label are included in -your subscription. Unless renewed in advance, the grace through the redemption that is in Trent," by Rev. A. Nampon, S. J., page 62. paper stops at expiration date. Change of address. Please give both old and Christ Jesus." "Therefore we conclude that SINFUL MEN CAN NOT MEDIATE new address. a' man is justified by faith without the deeds No papers are sent except on paid subscriptions, Such an admission at once brands Rome so persons receiving the "Signs of the Times" with- of the law,"' hence, "the righteousness of with the sin of sinful men taking away the out haying subscribed may feel perfectly free to God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto accept it. mediatorial work of Christ, which is based all and upon all them that believe." Romans on His sinlessness, and casting down the 8:3, 4; 3:20, 24, 28, 22. Justification by heavenly sanctuary as far as it is possible faith in Christ alone is absolutely of the for finite man to accomplish in the realm of Christianity the very foundation for most permanent and "continual" value. Christ's mediation. God had to partake of human practice, although not in divine 5. Christ, who is our high priest "is holy, our sinful flesh before He could become the reality, and setting up the Roman Catholic harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, "daysman," who can lay His hand upon Church and her services as the antitype of and made higher than the heavens." He- both God and man, and thus bind us to the the earthly sanctuary and its services. brews 7: 26. Upon this basic fact of the ab- throne of God. (Romans 8:3; Job 9: 33.) solute sinlessness of Christ lies the per- The Christ of Catholicism is separated from the human race by what they call a While Rome does not repudiate the sac- manent and "continual" value of His media- rifice of Christ in words, yet she has in- tion. •" "perfect human nature," and which, accord- vented "the sacrifice of the Mass" to take ing to their claim, was without the "stain 6. Christ's representative on earth is the its place, and in so doing declares the sacri- of original sin." The Christ of Catholicism Holy Spirit. The Spirit has pleaded with fice on the cross is inadequate and incapable man from the days of the antediluvians. is not the Christ of the Bible, and their of accomplishing the purpose for which (Genesis 6:3;: Peter 3: 18-20.) "It is the substitution takes away from the heart of Christ died. Such a doctrine diametrically Spirit that makes effectual what has been opposes the truth that Christ's death was wrought out by the world's Redeemer." The once for all, and takes away the true service Spirit is the "regenerating agent, and with- "and mediation of Christ. out this the sacrifice of Christ would have And while the Bible teaches that the only been of no avail." Thus the work of the mediator between God and man is "the man Holy Spirit in connection with the sacrifice Christ Jesus," Romanism takes away the and mediation of Christ is of the highest mediation of Christ by substituting a coun- permanent and,"continual" value. terfeit mediation. The priesthood of Christ These great, outstanding truths constitute in the heavenly sanctuary has been usurped the very essence, or heart, of the gospel of by the priesthood of finite men and by Mary, Jesus Christ. designated "the mother of God." In pre- A BARRIER BETWEEN GOD AND MAN senting Mary as the mediatrix between God When the pope of Rome claimed he was and men, Romanism presents a way of sal- the vicar or representative of Christ on vation unknown in all the Bible. It has been earth, he usurped the place of the Spirit of justly named Mariolatry, for it is idolatry. God. It is through Christ that we "have Romanism substitutes for the true forgive- access by one Spirit unto the Father" ness of sins which any man may obtain di- (Ephesians 2: 18), but the papacy thrust in THOUSANDS rectly through Jesus Christ at the throne of grace a counterfeit absolution and a coun- a barrier between Christ and the sinner in of boys and girls are spending many pleas- terfeit forgiveness when the priest says, the claim that the pope is Christ's vicar. ant hours with "Elephant Tales," the 1927 Thus, this part of the "continual" was taken "Our Little Friend" premium. "Ego te absolve." (I absolve you.) away. In this usurpation we see the means A delightful combination of an attractively Romanism says that the "sacraments are of taking away the entire work of Christ illustrated book of twenty true stories about amongst the means of obtaining s'alvation and the casting down of the heavenly the biggest animal, and the children's own and righteousness," and thus takes away sanctuary. The mediatorial work of Christ, weekly for fifty-two long weeks, for only $1.25 ($1.50 in Canada and other countries this part of the "continual," or true service founded upon His incarnation,, sinlessness, requiring additional postage on papers). of'God, as it is in Jesus Christ. Salvation and death, and the regenerating work of the .by works is the keynote of the whole papal Make that boy or girl happy by sending Spirit combining into one, make the center for this ideal combination to-day. Just clip system, and in this substitution for justi- of Christianity. Satan therefore attacked this ad.; write the name on the slip below, fication by faith the vitals of Christianity* the canter and interposed a human system and attach your money order. Address, are torn asunder. All false religions are of mediation by a human priesthood, thus "Our Little Friend," Mountain View, Cali- fornia. alike, in this respect,—that the forgiveness tearing the very heart out of the gospel. of sin and man's justification are dependent The papacy claims/that she is the fulfill- Name _ not upon the power of divine grace apart ment of the Levitical typical system, that from "any "exterior, ceremonial, pious, or Address she is the typical system perfected. Thus charitable works,' works of obedience or writes one representative of Rome: * penance, and good moral acts whatever," "It is only necessary to run over the books but upon some work of the flesh, either of the Old Testament ... to establish the wholly or in part, at the will of a human fact that the Jewish church . . . can in fact priesthood or the map himself. Eage Fourteen SIGNS of the TIMES 1. Do YOU WANT HEALTH? ID you know that there is a chain of sanitari- ) ums stretching from the Atlantic to the Pacific where the most advanced scientific methods are employed to restore health? Hydro- therapy, that is, water treatments, are featured. Particular attention is also given to correct diet. - The policy of these institutions is not simply to treat the patient for his present affliction, but to point out the way whereby he may keep well. A post card to the sanitarium nearest you will bring full information. FLORIDA SANITARIUM IOWA SANITARIUM WABASH VALLEY PARADISE VALLEY Orlando, Florida Nevada, Iowa SANITARIUM SANITARIUM Lafayette, Indiana National City, California WALLA WALLA (Near San Diego) HINSDALE SANITARIUM Hinsdale, Illinois SANITARIUM College Place, Washington NEW ENGLAND SANITARIUM AND ST. HELENA SANITARIUM LOMA LINDA SANITARIUM . HOSPITAL Sanitarium, California Loma Linda, California WASHINGTON SANITARIUM Melrose, Massachusetts (Near Riverside) (Near San Francisco) Takoma Park, D. C. (Near Boston) In These Sanitariums Health Is Contagious FRIENDS of FUR and FEATHER "The little bear seemed to A NEW BOOK be nearly dead, but the keep ers worked with it all night, Just from the Press and by morning it,was crying like a newborn puppyf Be cause it apparently had been raised from the dead, the tiny bear was given the name of *l T HIS splendid book contains true stories of actual contact with animals, some wild and some domesti- cated. What child is not interested in animal life Lazarus." and stories of the same? All told, there are in this BABY BEARS GROWN TALL book thirty-three highly instructive and fascinating chapters, or stories, with many illustrations. Parents are continually calling for suitable bedtime stories. You Few of us are gifted story-tellers. Es- have them in this book. An appropriate jacket in three pecially do we find it difficult.to accommo- colors is also an interesting feature. date our thought and speech to small chil- dren. Why not read the stories. You will find thirty-three of them in this'book. "Annie Roonie was a great swimmer. She enjoyed the old .water hole as much as did ""the boys. Once when they were in a boat, she followed for three miles down the river, her pretty head just showing above the sur face of the water." One hundred twenty pages, cloth bind- ing, postpaid,.. ....................... $JOO Address our representative nearest you, or PACIFIC PRESS PUBLISHING ASSOCIATION MOUNTAIN VIEW, CALIFORNIA ANNIE ROONIE for FEBRUARY 15. 1927 Page Fifteen The NEWS in REVIEW WISE IS HE WHO ALLOWS THE LIGHT OF GOD'S WORD TO ILLUMINATE THE NEWS OF THE DAY Educated Criminals We would not have half the juvenile crime in the land to-day if thousands of the worship and service of Jehovah, the true God. No amount of this world's T HE district attorney of New York City recently declared: "Our mod- ern criminals do not lack academic education. Many have had the benefits our homes had not quit functioning, ex- cept as boarding and rooming houses. The home has long ceased to be a re- ligious, cultural, recreational, and educa- wisdom and education can make up the lack of a knowledge of God and His will; and the man who builds a character without God as the corner stone is build- of a high school and college training. tional institution. It is not the center of ing with rubbish. What we need to-day for the young is life any more; it is merely a filling and more home life and more religion." service station. Parents have shifted the This declaration runs quite contrary to the view now in great vogue in socio- responsibility of the character building of their children to the day school, the What Men Buy logical circles. Increasingly do we hear that the crimes are being committed by men and boys who are mentally inferior, who border on the moron class, who movies, and the dance floor. . And it is a notorious fact that millions of our youth are coming to maturity with little or no religious training and convic- R ECENTLY the Waukegan, Illinois, Chamber of Commerce, sent out a dollar bill,, and traced its history for two weeks as it went from hand to have been educationally and culturally tions. Thousands of families are non- hand in the city. They found that it ex- neglected. We are told that if only churchgoers. And many of those who changed owners thirty times during the criminals were given a chance to de- do attend church get only the high- fortnight for the following purposes: velop intellectually, they would cease to sounding but empty teachings of Mod- Ten times for tobacco and cigarettes. be criminals. ernism. The Bible, which is the char- Five times for salary. Those who are allied with the very acter builder preeminent, they more often Three times for candy. liberal movement in religion and the hear derided than lauded. The teachers Three times for meals. problems of society deify education. in the schools tell them that modern sci- Twice for men's furnishings. Their panacea for all the ills of the in- ence has proved the Bible wrong in many Twice for shaves. dividual and of society is education. places and hopelessly out of date in Once for bacon. According to their idea, if every one others. The young'people logically con- Once for tooth paste. could go to the university long enough clude that if the Bible is partially in er- Once for washing powder. to get a Ph. D. degree, the world would ror and an antique, its moral precepts are Once for automobile accessories. at once enter the haloed millennial state. of little interest to them. Once for garters. But our criminal class are not near- The words of Scripture, "The fear of The "filthy weed" consumed one third imbeciles ; nor are they illiterate. Far Jehovah is the beginning of knowledge," of that dollar's itinerary; and never once from it. Take the inmates of any large stand, however, as an eternal truth. The did that dollar serve for charity or be- penal institution, and they compare marginal reading is, "The fear of Jeho- nevolence or for God and His cause in favorably, so far as brains and ability are vah is the chief part of knowledge." the earth. Never once did it buy a book concerned, with a cross section of the Both are right. A seeking after and a or a piece of music or any of the finer American people taken anywhere from love for God is not only the foundation things of life. Its whole time was taken Boston to San Francisco. of knowledge, but also its chief part. up with catering to appetite and buying The district attorney is exactly right And the great trouble with our civiliza- the material things of life. in his opinion when he says that our tion to-day is that it has substituted Is that dollar's history representative great need is ''more home life and more pleasure, money-getting, Modernism, a of the way we use all the means God has religion." "science, falsely so called," et cetera, for intrusted to us? B. Herbert Photo Six of the new armored motor cycles with which the New York Police Department is equipping its bandit squad. This thick army plate renders the pursuing officer absolutely immune to any bandit's bullets.- Because of the increase of crime and criminality, our city Police Departments are adopting more and more the methods and equipments of regular soldiers.