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									                                                   Ecma/TC38-TG3/2007/002


                                               Technical Committee 38
                               Product-Related Environmental Attributes




  ECMA-370                                                      TED

  A worldwide standard providing objective, comparable,
product environmental information for ICT & CE products.




                 Silvio Weeren (IBM, Ecma TC38 chair)
                  Hans Wendschlag (HP, IT Företagen)
                                                              Ecma International

Ecma International is an industry association
founded in 1961, dedicated to the
standardization of Information and
Communication Technology & Consumer
Electronics
Originally “ECMA” stood for European….
In 1994 the name was changed to simply
“Ecma”.
“International” was added because
membership is from around the world, in Asia,
Australia, Europe and North America.


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                                                                Membership 1 of 2
Ordinary (Full)               Associate                                                SME Members




                                                                                      SPC Members




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                                                             Membership 2 of 2

      Not For Profit
        Members




CTI




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                                                       Ecma Work programme
                                                                   Overview
Scripting and Programming Languages
 •   ECMAScript, C#, CLI, ECMAScript for XML (E4X), CLI binding for C++, Eiffel.

Communication and Networking
 •   Computer Supported Telecom Applications, Voice Browsers, Near Field
     Communication, Mobility and Enterprise communication, Ultra Wideband

Horizontal
 •   Environmental, Acoustical, Electromagnetic and Safety aspects of ICT+CE Products

Data structures
 •   Universal 3D (U3D) format for repurposing and visualisation in 3D of design data
 •   XML schemas for Word, PowerPoint and Excel document formats

Optical Media
 •   e.g. CD, DVD, UDO, UMD

Holographic Information Storage Systems (HISS)
 •   HVD/HVC– Holographic Versatile Disk/Card and cartridge for HVD


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                             Needs for “green” communication
                                                   Retaile
              Corporate Customer/
                                                     r                Investors
                OEM Customer

                                                                                      Journalists
 Non Governmental
   Organizations



                                                                                               Legislation
Authorities
                        CE/ICT Products
                         Manufacturer                                                       §            Green
                                                                                 Eco Label         Procurement
 Consumer


                    Test Magazines                    Voluntary
                                                     Agreements




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                                                                         Ecma TC38
                                                                      ECMA-370: TED

Product Related Environmental Declaration
Information tool to facilitate green procurement
After 3 editions of ECMA TR/70, decided to:
• Harmonise with
  IT ECO declaration
• Publish as ECMA-370 Standard in June 2006

• Also known as TED



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                                             Why did we harmonise?

                       TR/70




• Combine the strengths of both successful declarations
• Meet future customer needs e.g. consistent communication
  to customers EU wide (worldwide, in different languages)
• Save costs:         several companies do both or more
                      reduce development/update efforts
                      EU basis for green procurement (e.g. EKU)
• Prepare for IEC standardisation (TC108) as consequence of
  eco design standardisation (ECMA-341/IEC 62075)

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                                                                                       TED benefits

• Internationally agreed standard to communicate
   •   Corporate Environmental Profil (CEP)
   •   Product Environmental Attributes (PEA)

• Common & comparable attributes to compete with eco
  labels
• Synchronised with eco design standard ECMA-341/IEC
  62075
• Optimised for B2B/public green procurement
• Applying experience of IT-, telecommunication- and
  consumer electronics industry

             Voluntary Product Declaration                                                              Download
                                                                                                      from website


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                                                            TED Special Benefits

TEDQ: third party quality control through IT Företagen
 • Unique feature in Ecma
 • Benefit for EU companies – join IT eco declaration system
Freely available
Company declaration (annex A) – also for non-product
supplires (software, business partner, integrators, …)
Up-to-date with fast updates possible (every half year!)
German implementation expected by year end
Future „compliance tools“ for EU IPP and EuP




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                                                                                             TED Content

Structured by legal & volunatry sections
Company Environmental Profile (CEP, Annex A)
 • Environmental Management System & company programs
Product Enviromental Attributes (PEA, Annex B)
 • hazardous substances                                        • material and substance requirements
 • batteries                                                   • energy consumption;
 • electrical safety, EMC and connection                       • noise emissions
   to the telephone network
                                                               • chemical emissions from printing
 • consumable materials                                          products
 • product packaging materials                                 • electromagnetic emissions for
                                                                 computer displays
 • treatment information for
   recyclers/treatment facilities                              • ergonomics
 • environmental conscious design (such                        • documentation.
   as dis-assembly, recycling, product
   lifetime)


                                                                      Demonstrated by example HP deskjet

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                                         Eco-labels in Europe




                                                                                                Non-European Eco-labels
                                                                                   +
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                                Comparison TED vs eco labels

                                                                               EU Flower, TCO, Blue
                                                                                   Angel, Swan
Criteria                  Harmonised with …                                   … eco labels
- Qualitative             Some                                                All
- Quantitative            Some                                                No
- Coverage                Very broad                                          Broad
- Reference to            Possible for major                                  Only if all criteria are
- eco labels              criteria                                            met

Legal / market /          Yes / Yes / possible                                Limited / Yes / NO
additional information

Verification & QC         Yes                                                 Yes

Revisions                 ~ yearly                                            After 2-4 years
Usage / Application       Very high (80% of IT                                Very low to limited
                          sector)                                             (except TCO for displays)

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                   Number of eco labeled IT products EU (current)
                     IT Eco & TR/70 Declarations (since start 1996)

                                           Status September 2006 – for TCO, 99% are displays)
7000



6000



5000



4000



3000



2000



1000



  0
       EU Flower   Swan    Blue Angel          TCO'99             ECMA             TCO'03             IT Eco
           0        50         170              1350              2000               2540              6300


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                                   TED vs eco labels - coverage

IT Product                                                                     EU Flower, TCO, Blue
Category                                                                           Angel, Swan
                                      Available?                                           Available?

PC & mobile PC                                   Yes                                            Yes
PC Server                                        Yes                                            No
Monitor                                          Yes                                            Yes
Servers                                          Yes                                            No
Printer / Copier /                               Yes                                            Yes
Fax / Scanner
Digital Cameras &                                Yes                                            No
Projector
Network & Storage                                Yes                                            No
UPS                                              Yes                                            No
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                              Participating manufacturers
                               (IT Eco Declaration / TED)

      Acer                   Fujitsu-Siemens                                           Scribona
    Brother                 Hewlett-Packard                                          Sekvencia
     Canon                                 IBM                                            Sharp
Carl Lamm/ Ricoh                        ID Net                                             Solid
    Comex                       Kyocera Mita                                              Steria
     Danka                            LexMark                                                Sun

      Dell                             Minolta                                              Telia
  DGC System                               NRG                                            Unisys
    Brother                                OKI                                              Vice
     Canon                          Panasonic                                            Wolber
     Epson                           Samsung                                              Xerox

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                                                        ECMA-370 2nd Edition
                                                                 (Dec 2006)

Update Energy Consumption
 • New: Typical Energy Consumption (TEC) – ES imaging
 • Synch with IEC 62075 CDV – energy consumption –
   power cannot be consumed
Simplification
 • Removed „special“ national legal requirements
 • Minor changes due to feedback during implemention
Open Issues:
 • How to improve review / change process
    •   Community like process with WIKI? On Ecma / IT Eco Declaration
        web?

 • Encourage timely input by other stakeholders like
   customers, IEC, NGO, …
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                         WW Eco Declaration (TypeII)
                                      Harmonisation

Target: one set of worldwide attribute &
harmonised declarations

Status:
TED = ECMA-370: international standard with
focus on EU implementation (first)
EPEAT = IEEE 1680: national (US) PC/monitor
eco label with US focus and implementation
GPN declarations: Japan only, TED accepted
for EU by JP members, TED acceptance in JP to
be improved (Mar 2007)

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                                                           ECMA-370 Summary

 • Meets professional public and private purchasers demand
   for standardized, comparable product environmental
   information
 • Is being continuously improved in a transparent and
   qualitative process since 1996
 • Is used by the majority of IT companies (IT eco)
   - reduces the need for eco labels
   - is suitable to answer demand in green public tenders
   - meets some of the basic principles according to the EU IPP
   or EuP Directives
So, ask for ECMA-370 (IT eco) declarations …
                           … let us know what you think
                               and if anything is missing


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                                          Many thanks to the TED TEAM
                                                          Lars Bjalkvall (IBM/Lenovo)
                                                                Onno Elzinga (Emca)
                                                              Thomas Fischer (Sony)
                                                              Ferdinand Herman (HP)
                                                             Kyoko Fujisawa (Canon)
                                                                 Robert Hellweg (HP)
                                                                 Ikuo Kimizuka (IBM)
                                                               Thomas Hedin (Sharp)
                                                                 Ewa Thorslund (ITF)
                                                                  Silvio Weeren (IBM)
                                                              Hans Wendschlag (HP)
                                                                                   …

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CH-1204 Geneva
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www.ecma-international.org Geneva - T: +41 22 849 6000 - F: +41 22 849 6001 - www.ecma-international.org
           Rue du Rhône 114 - CH-1204                                                                      22

								
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