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DraftOP02 Purchasing Procedure - Elsevier

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					                               ………… LIMITED
                        OPERATING PROCEDURE No 2.


Purchasing Procedure

Authorisation and Amendment Record:



Issue No.         Date of Issue                 Prepared by:                  Authorised by:




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                                                                Operating Procedure No: … Issue: …
                                                                               Dated: ………………
                                                                                        Page 1 of 13
The procedure for Purchasing




1.      Purpose and scope



        The purpose and scope of this procedure is to ensure that:



        (a)     the staff of ………….. do not buy shoddy or inferior goods or services from the

                cheapest supplier. The goods or services bought must meet ……… and its

                customer‟s requirements. The policy of ……… is to purchase from sources that

                consistently deliver on time, goods and services to the required specification at a

                fair and reasonable price;



        (b)     all purchasing by ………. is carried out in a professional manner with adequate

                records kept. For the purpose of ISO 9001, this procedure need only apply to

                items affecting the quality of our product or service. However, to give a common

                approach all purchasing within …. will follow these procedures;




2.      Responsibility



        2.1     Any member of ………. may require and request raw material, tools, goods or

                services to be purchased (OR there may also be a purchase demand from Stock

                Control reaching a re-order quantity for the stores stock.) (OR this request is

                made on a Purchase Requisition Form, see Annex ….)




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                                                                Operating Procedure No: … Issue: …
                                                                               Dated: ………………
                                                                                        Page 2 of 13
                Following such a request a formal purchase order may be written out by the store

                man or any manager. In practice the majority are raised by the Office Manager,

                (OR ……………) (OR may only be placed by the Purchasing Manager or a

                Director.



        2.2     Before an order can be placed it must be reviewed and then signed for

                authorisation to place the order outside ……….



                It should be noted that this procedure outlines the only approved method of

                raising purchases on behalf of ……….



                Up to and including a value of £100 the purchase order can be reviewed and

                authorised by a manager (OR by……………).



                All orders above £100 must be authorised by a Director (OR ……).



                [OR for larger organisations, The levels of authority for review and signature are:

                        MD                         =        No limit

                        ……… Director               =        £………..

                        ……….Manager                =        £………..

                        ……….Manager                =        £………..

                        ……….Supervisor             =        £……….. (replacement parts only)



                Whilst …………..have a Purchasing Manager his responsibility is to procure the

                goods. The Purchasing Manager cannot review and authorise Purchase Order.]




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                                                                Operating Procedure No: … Issue: …
                                                                               Dated: ………………
                                                                                        Page 3 of 13
        2.3     Only the Quality Assurance manager (OR Managing Director, OR …….) can

                review and authorise additional suppliers onto the Approved Suppliers List.



        2.4     Goods receiving inspection will be carried out by the Quality Manager (OR Site

                Foreman, OR ……) and in his/her absence by ……. (OR by the person who

                raised the Purchase Request).



3.      Implementation



        3.1     Approval of …………suppliers

                Items, material or services that affect the quality of the product or services that

                are provided by …………shall be purchased from suppliers or subcontractors

                that are on the formal „Approved Suppliers List‟.



                This list is given an issue number and date of issue and is authorised by the

                Managing Director (OR QA Manager OR ………) to authorise its issue. To

                control its issue the list is attached as Annex A to this procedure (OR to control

                its issue and to ensure that the same copy is used throughout the organisation it is

                considered a controlled document and controlled as per Operating Procedure 8).



        3.2     To gain entry onto the ……….‟Approved Suppliers List‟ the firm, organisation,

                consultant, certification body, or sole trader will be formally evaluated and

                recorded on form Annex B to demonstrate at least one of the following:



        (i)     they are registered or certified by a recognised UKAS accredited independent

                third party body to ISO 9001 with a scope of registration equivalent to the

                products/services that …..require;


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                                                                Operating Procedure No: … Issue: …
                                                                               Dated: ………………
                                                                                        Page 4 of 13
        (ii)    they hold second party approval (i.e. approved by a recognised main contractor

                e.g. British Rail, British Nuclear Fuels, etc.) may be judged to be acceptable for

                appropriate products or services;



        (iii)   there exists records that can demonstrate that the subcontractor or supplier has

                historic evidence of providing quality goods or services, to ……..consistently

                over at least 3 orders (OR …… orders) during the last 6 months (OR ……..

                months);



        (iv)    the supplier is an official distributor or approved agent for the material, parts or

                service of a proprietary product;



        (v)     that as a new supplier to ……. The organisation has been carefully evaluated for

                suitability   and    confirmation   of    ability   to   supply   consistently    to

                ……….specifications. This may be by trial order(s) or audit visit; the evaluation

                will be documented on the Supplier Evaluation Record at Annex B;



        (vi)    special qualification. To be detailed by memo by Quality Assurance Manager

                (OR ………….), which will be signed and dated and stapled to the Supplier

                Evaluation Record.



                Record sheets are kept for each supplier/subcontractor to demonstrate the above

                evaluation, see Annex B to this procedure. The stages on Annex B are self-

                explanatory and go through the alternative methods of approval (i)-(vi) above.

                Where a questionnaire is required this is shown at Annex C.




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                                                                Operating Procedure No: … Issue: …
                                                                               Dated: ………………
                                                                                        Page 5 of 13
        3.3      If an audit or confidential visit is made to a potential supplier it is recorded on the

                 form shown at Annex C of Operating Procedure 1.



                 The items to check and report on during the visit should include the following,

                 where appropriate:



        (i)      quality of management and systems;

        (ii)     systems documentation;

        (iii)    quality, training and ability of staff and operatives;

        (iv)     process control and capability of their equipment;

        (v)      storage facilities;

        (vi)     typical products/service and check against specification;

        (vii)    reject rates;

        (viii)   check against the clauses of ISO 9001 where they apply;

        (ix)     size, location, condition of equipment and buildings;

        (x)      stockholding of materials and spares etc;

        (xi)     financial viability.



                 (OR for critical components materials, the quality of the supply of …….. and

                 …………... are absolutely critical to ………, therefore all potential and existing

                 suppliers are/were visited and audited before an order is placed. They are audited

                 at least very ….. months with formal reports raised, to confirm their continued

                 suitability.)



4.      Procedure for placing a purchase order

        4.1      It is the policy of …….that all purchase orders be written, reviewed and

                 authorised before the order is actually placed. (OR if the value of the purchase is


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                                                                Operating Procedure No: … Issue: …
                                                                               Dated: ………………
                                                                                        Page 6 of 13
                above £…… a competitive quote will be obtained), (OR the Managing Director‟s

                advice sought).



        4.2     Occasionally and by exception a telephone order has to be placed to meet an

                urgent or emergency need. Such an order will be written down as soon as

                possible and endorsed „Confirmation of telephone order by our Mr/Mrs …… of

                the …../…../200….



        4.3     As …….does not place many orders and they are generally of brief description it

                has been found that a standard A5 stationery triplicate book with pre-printed

                serial numbered pages is entirely satisfactory for our needs. (OR the order will

                be written on a formal ……… Purchase Order Form, see Annex D.)



                The Purchase Orders will have a unique serial number. The order must be clearly

                legible and specify the supplier and the details of what are required. The entry

                must be sufficient to unmistakably identify the supplier and also the description

                must uniquely specify, without any doubt, precisely what is to be supplied. Use

                can be made of supplier‟s brand names or catalogue numbers if appropriate. If a

                full engineering, technical or chemical specification is required, this will be

                written and detailed on the order, or referenced with a copy attached.



                Items to be identified on a Purchase Order may include:



                (a)     Purchase Order Number;

                (b)     Supplier name;

                (c)     Date of Order;

                (d)     Supplier address;


________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                Operating Procedure No: … Issue: …
                                                                               Dated: ………………
                                                                                        Page 7 of 13
                (e)     Goods, material or service required;

                (f)     Any appropriate specification or part or drawing numbers;

                (g)     Level, grade, type, etc;

                (h)     Agreed fee or price (recommend clearly state whether with or without

                        VAT);

                (i)     Delivery date and address: mode of transport where appropriate;

                (j)     Quantity;

                (k)     Inspection, certification or special requirements;

                (l)     ………project description or job number;

                (m)     Markings, identification, or special pack, if required.



                (OR a copy of this page(s) with the above list will be placed adjacent to ……. In

                a plastic sleeve, to provide a checklist as purchase orders are made out. This will

                be personally controlled by the Quality Manager (OR ………….) to ensure it is

                the correct issue.)



                If a ……..customer has made a specification on raw material or components, this

                becomes the minimum required of any Purchase Order.                 If special QA

                arrangements, test or verified product documentation is required, they must be

                specified on the Purchase Order.



                If it is considered desirable that a representative of ………..inspect the suppliers

                processes, systems or the items/material before despatch this will be specified on

                the customer for these items/material will visit our supplier this also will be

                specified as a condition of the Purchase Order.



        4.4     One of the persons designated in para. 2 will review the order to ensure:


________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                Operating Procedure No: … Issue: …
                                                                               Dated: ………………
                                                                                        Page 8 of 13
                (i)     the proposed supplier is on the Approved List;

                (ii)    the detail given appears to be correct and adequate;

                (iii)   the appropriate funds are available for this project/purchase order and it is

                        agreed that this may be spent.

                If they are satisfied they will sign and date the Purchase Order in the Triplicate

                Book (OR Purchase Order Form). The top copy will go to the supplier (it may be

                photocopied and faxed, if required), the bottom copy will stay in the Purchase

                Order Book (OR outstanding Purchase Order File). The middle copy will be sent

                to the foods inward area so they can check the items delivered and the supplier‟s

                advice and/or delivery note against the original Purchase Order (OR some of

                ……… suppliers, as a condition of their trading, will not accept written orders.

                In these cases the top copy will remain in the Triplicate Book endorsed „Verbal

                Purchase Order‟.)



        4.5     Purchases from unapproved suppliers. Occasionally and by exception it is

                sometimes essential to buy from an unapproved supplier. There may be several

                reasons, e.g. they are the sole supplier, emergency breakdown and they are on

                location, one-off purchase of uncommon item, etc. If this happened all copies of

                the Purchase Order (including the copy for the supplier) will be endorsed

                „unapproved supplier, items to be inspected carefully on receipt by …………….‟,

                or other appropriate checks or verification.



        4.6     Occasionally our customer will specify a supplier (or model/material) that is not

                approved by ……….. plc.        This will be treated as a condition of the contract

                place on …………. plc , such orders will not be endorsed, refer to unapproved

                suppliers in previous paragraph. If it is considered or subsequently found that the


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                                                                Operating Procedure No: … Issue: …
                                                                               Dated: ………………
                                                                                        Page 9 of 13
                material or items specified by the customer are not available, are illegal, will not

                perform, or give unacceptable health and safety risks, etc., the client will be

                requested in writing to approve an alternative (OR ………….will raise a formal

                concession).



        4.7     Amendments to Purchase Orders will always be reviewed and if possible be in

                writing either by memo or fax. A copy of the amendment will be sent to the

                supplier, with copy attached to the office copy of the Purchase Order and an

                additional one for the goods inward copy of the Purchase Order.



        4.8     (OR, site staff are authorised to make exceptional purchases of standard

                proprietary items or materials up to the value of £50, if required to keep the job

                going, or to time, to satisfy the customer. This will be reviewed by the Contract

                Manager and the monies refunded. If the items or materials are considered

                unsatisfactory by the Contract Manager, they will be replaced at no additional

                cost to the client),



5.      Procedure for goods inward inspection

        5.1     When the delivery has been inspected, to check both the delivery note and the

                goods provided satisfy the Purchase Order requirements, the goods inward copy

                of the Procedure Order (OR the delivery note) is signed (OR stamped), and dated

                and passed to ………..to clear the invoice. These copies are retained in a lever

                arch file to maintain a simple record of Goods Inward Inspection. (OR the record

                of Goods Inward Inspection of the quality critical items is maintained on the

                cards shown at Annex E) (OR due to the quantities and variety of items being

                delivered it has been found useful to maintain a Goods Inward Record Book.

                This takes two pages of A4 with the headings shown at Annex F).


________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                Operating Procedure No: … Issue: …
                                                                               Dated: ………………
                                                                                        Page 10 of 13
                The member of staff requiring the goods is informed by phone that the ordered

                items have been delivered and may be collected (OR will be delivered) (OR will

                be booked into the stores).



        5.2     If defective items are found they will be dealt with as Operating Procedure 4

                „Control of Material‟ and Operating Procedure 7 „Corrective & Preventive

                Actions‟



        5.3     As the quantities delivered are small they will be inspected 100% (OR as some

                deliveries are large a statistically based sampling plan has been developed using

                “ BS 6001 Statistical Sampling of Batches for attributes ” as a guide).



        5.4     As …….. is a small firm with relatively few suppliers, a defective delivery or a

                poor supplier has a serious affect on ………… production. Hence a poor supplier

                is automatically identified, therefore no formal vendor rating or scoring system is

                required.



        5.5     All items arriving at ……… will be unboxed and checked for damage and visual

                appearance. Due note will be taken of any special requirement of the Purchase

                Order or printed on the product or manufacturer‟s label. If a dimensional check

                or laboratory test is required on receipt this will be specified by the person raising

                the Purchase Order and will be on the Goods Inward copy of the Purchase Order

                (OR by memo that is signed and dated), (OR items designated „Quality Critical‟

                items will be identified on a list authorised by the Quality Manager. For these

                items a Goods Inward Record Card see Annex E, is completed.                This card

                specifies and records the tests carried out on each delivery and the sample tested,


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                                                                Operating Procedure No: … Issue: …
                                                                               Dated: ………………
                                                                                        Page 11 of 13
                etc). (OR items at Goods Inward will be verified and recorded as per the

                „Standing Work Instruction‟ raised, see Annex …., [see Annexes of Operating

                Procedure 3 for typical examples of work instructions]).



                (OR ………, and ………..are delivered to ………………..in a designed

                protective pack. On balance it has been found better to simply check the box for

                damage and quantity and the specification on the label/advice notes and leave the

                items within their protective pack.)



        5.6     ( OR     ………………plc will specify on the Purchase Order four levels of

                Inspection:



                A = 100% inspection of receipt

                B = appropriate or intuitive sample inspection

                C = Inspection of delivery note against purchase order only. Do not unpack or

                     break seal. Leave goods in protective pack.

                D = no inspection required.



        5.7     Urgent release of material

                No incoming items or material should be used until cleared goods inward

                inspection. See Operating Procedure 4 para. 3.4 for emergency or urgent use.



        5.8     Delivery of ‘free-issue’ material or customer property

                This will have limited visual inspection. Free Issue material and items WILL be

                recorded in the Goods Inward Records to demonstrate acceptance and control.

                They will be labelled as per Operating Procedure 4, or any special authorised

                instructions. The checks will be limited to:


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                                                                Operating Procedure No: … Issue: …
                                                                               Dated: ………………
                                                                                        Page 12 of 13
        (i)     ensure adequately labelled or identified to prevent misuse or disposal without

                customer‟s permission;

        (ii)    check quantities and advise any shortages;

        (iii)   check if items are correct to type or description;

        (iv)    if to be stored where they are not seen regularly, a periodic inspection for

                deterioration, (which will be recorded).



                It is also understood that customer property can include intellectual property such

                as designs, drawings, commercial-in-confidence information, etc. Such customer

                property will remain „commercial-in-confidence‟, it will not be photocopied for

                supply to others, or used by …………..on our own products.



                If we have visitors to ……….., due care will be taken to ensure that the visitors

                do not have sight of their competitors work or designs.




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                                                                Operating Procedure No: … Issue: …
                                                                               Dated: ………………
                                                                                        Page 13 of 13

				
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