Africa South of the Sahara Physical Geography

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Africa South of the Sahara Physical Geography Powered By Docstoc
					  Human
Geography:
  History
 Earliest Inhabitants
   No written records exist from Africa’s earliest
    people; however, some information can be gathered
    about these early inhabitants by analyzing scenes
    painted on rocks and in caves.
   As time progressed, several advanced trading
    empires were established in Africa.


                         Drakensberg
                            Cave
                          Paintings

                         South Africa
 When did heavy trading between
 Africa and Europe begin?
   During European exploration
     and expansion trading posts
     were established along
     African coasts
   Africa was part of the
     Triangular Trade system in
     which manufactured goods,
     slaves, and raw materials
     were traded among
     Europeans, Africans, and
     colonists in the Americas
 Why did Europeans avoid inland travel in Africa
 (early 1800s)?
   Difficult terrain and deadly diseases

 What allowed Europeans to begin traveling beyond
 the coasts (late 1800s)?
   New technology: quinine (malaria) and
    steam engine
Africa South of the Sahara
Human Geography: History
 Why were industrialized European countries interested in
  Africa?
       Abundant resources




 Rather than simply trade with the Africans,
  Europeans began to colonize the region (late
  1800s)
    Imperialism - one country’s domination of the
     political, social, and economic life of another
     country
Africa South of the Sahara
Human Geography: History

 When did European control of Africa end? When
 did African states gain independence?
  Calls for freedom became very strong after
   WWII (1945) and African states slowly began to
   gain independence from the 1950s – 1980s

 What happened in Africa as a result of the
 withdrawal of European control?
  Internal conflict
Africa South of the Sahara
Human Geography: History
South Africa
 Afrikaners – Dutch
  settlers who came
  to South Africa in
  the 1650s
 After WWII, the
  Afrikaner National
  Party came to
  power
 They legalized and
  strengthened the
  policy of racial
  separation called
  apartheid
Africa South of the Sahara
Human Geography: History
South Africa

 Nelson Mandela – leader of the African
  National Congress (ANC), a group that
  demanded reforms and an end to apartheid
   1962 – jailed on charges of treason
   1990 – President F.W. de Klerk released
    Mandela from jail
   1989 / Early 1990s – end to apartheid
   1994 – held 1st election open to all
    races…Mandela elected president
Africa South of the Sahara
Human Geography: History
South Africa



Apartheid Video Clip

				
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