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Precedent Relationships Template - DOC

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					                        Non-Fiction Reading Strategies
                                          Pre-Reading Strategies
1.) What does it seem this reading is about?
2.) Look at:
    Table of contents
    Subject headings and subheadings
    Pictures, charts, graphs
3.) Preview the text by skimming to get a feel for what it’s about
4.) Read first sentences of several paragraphs
5.) Create a graphic organizer for reading (based on objectives and identifications)


                                      Specific Reading Strategies
1.) Charting
    Good for sorting information and/or seeing relationships between pieces of information
    Good for combining information (from text, lectures, videos, etc.) needed to study for tests

Place information in chart that is based on the key words of an objective, question or prompt
TEMPLATE                    Attribute 1                       Attribute 2               Attribute 3
Subject
Subject
Subject

EXAMPLE                     Political                         Economic                  Social
Egypt                        Move from strongest as           Canal Nile to Red Sea    Use of horses/chariots
                              leader to political/religious    Glassblowing             Copper
                              reason for leader                Irrigation               Mummification
                             Govt. record-keeping                                       Architecture
                                                                                         Land surveying
                                                                                         Writing on paper
Sumerians
Babylonians
Hebrews
Phoenicians
Persians
Greeks
Romans


Sticky Tab charting
     Good for seeing multiple relationships between pieces of information
1.) Place important information on sticky tabs
2.) Make chart on paper
3.) Arrange and rearrange tabs
2.) Identifications (ID’s)
    Good for noting basic information from text
    Good for making connections

Chart information from teacher-generated list or from general reading
TEMPLATE:                             Chapter/Lesson Identifications (ID’s)
ID            Who           What                When            Where              Significance



EXAMPLE:                                       Chapter 22 (ID’s)
ID            Who           What                When            Where              Significance
Lincoln       President     Led Union during    1861-1865       Washington, D.C.    Strong leader
                            Civil War                           (North)             Set precedent
                                                                                    Changed CW from war for union to
                                                                                     war over slavery
                                                                                    Gettysburg Address




3.) Concept Maps
    Good for studying connections between ideas and sub-ideas

Create largest circles for main information
Web other circles off of them, placing sub-information in those circles
More helpful if done in multiple colors and/or patterns to clearly show sub-ideas
Include pictures and symbols to help memory
Continue webbing circles to deal with more details
                                                                    Seminole

                            Cherokee


                                                                                     Choctaw

                                                   Five “Civilized”
                          Chickasaw                     Tribes


                                                                               Choctaw
4.) Venn Diagrams
    Good for similarities and differences

Create overlapping circles or rectangles
Fill with information on subjects


Topic            Federal                             Concurrent                 State
Taxes            Federal income tax                  Power to tax               Income tax
War              Declare war                         -----------------          ---------------
Treaties         Make treaties with foreign powers   -----------------          ---------------
Marriage         ---------------------               -----------------          Regulate marriage requirements

5.) Dialectical Journal
    Good for analyzing information

Make a 2- or 3-column chart
Use each side of the journal to place information

                          Chapter/Reading/Primary Source ___________________
Notes from reading                                  Comments, Questions, Thoughts…


                        Chapter/Reading/Primary Source ___________________
Citation (pg/paragraph)   Previous information                    Current reading



                          Chapter/Reading/Primary Source ___________________
Citation (pg/paragraph)     Current reading                         Hypotheses, Predictions, Inferences



6.) 3” X 5” Index Cards
    Good for review of factual material

Make notes on ID’s on 3” X 5” cards
       Front is term
       Back is w/w/w/w/s, including words and images
Can be color-coded (for example, pink for social, green for economic, yellow for political)

SOAPS
    Good for analysis of primary sources and point of view

Fill in as much of the chart as possible BEFORE reading the document. Then read the document and fill in the
chart more completely.
Document:
S—Subject                                                                   Summary:
O—Occasion
A—Audience
P—Purpose
S—Speaker

				
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posted:7/11/2011
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