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The Background of the Study - scripsi

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					                                    CHAPTER I
                                 INTRODUCTION


A. The Background of the Study
             Education is the most important thing which is needed by people to
   face their life. As we know that without education the people will face many
   problem. In studying English, Studying vocabulary is the most important
   because by vocabulary, the student can make sentences. Providing vocabulary
   instruction is one of the most significant ways in which teachers can improve
   student's reading and listening comprehension. It can also be one of the most
   challenging things for teachers to do well.
             Vocabulary is knowledge of words and word meanings. However,
             vocabulary is more complex than this definition suggests. First,
             words come in two forms : oral and print. Oral vocabulary
             includes those words that we recognize and use in listening and
             speaking. Print vocabulary includes those words that we
             recognize and use in reading and writing second, word
             knowledge also comes in two form, receptive and productive.
             Receptive vocabulary includes words that we recognize when we
             hear or see them. Productive vocabulary includes words that we
             use when we speak or write. Receptive vocabulary is typically
             larger than productive vocabulary, and may include many words
             to which we assign some meaning, even if we don't know their
             full definitions and connotations or ever use them ourselves as we
             speak and write (Kamil & Hiebert, in press)

   There are many ways to learn vocabulary, perhaps even too many. It might be
   challenging for a person who decided to build his or her vocabulary to choose
   the right method of learning as there are no general rules which would be
   perfect for everybody. Studying vocabulary by using real object or
   recognizing nature is a good way to increase the student's vocabulary skill.
   Real object is very important for student in studying vocabulary. Because the
   students can know the name of object and also the object. So they can
   remember is easily, it can improve their spirit in studying vocabulary with the
   object.
   The writer choose the real object in this thesis because the writer want to
   increase the student's vocabulary skill. So the student can study English well
   and more easy. The student's spirit in studying English especially vocabulary
   because vocabulary is the basic in studying English, without vocabulary what
   the student can do in studying English.


B. The Statement of The Problem
   1. How are the student's vocabulary skill of seventh grade at SMPN 2 Rejoso
      Nganjuk ?
   2. What is the vocabulary by using real object?
   3. How is the studying vocabulary by using real object
   4. How are the student's vocabulary skill of seventh grade at SMPN 2 Rejoso
      Nganjuk after using real object in their study ?


C. The Object of the Study
          Having given the description about the problem, the writer expects that
   this study will give many important contribution to the education.
   1. To know how the studying vocabulary by using real object
   2. To describe the studying vocabulary by using real object
   3. To know the student's vocabulary skill studying vocabulary by using real
      object.

D. The Significance of the Study
          The writer hopes that this thesis can improve the reader knowledge
   about teaching vocabulary at seventh grade of SMP.
   1. To study more about vocabulary
   2. To imtroduce a method of teaching vocabulary at seventh grade student of
      SMP.
   3. As the media in teaching vocabulary at seventh grade student of SMP.
E. The Limitation of the Study
          The writer describes some limitation in this thesis to avoid the
   deviation from the topic.
   1. This thesis is limited in teaching vocabulary by real object
   2. This thesis is limited at seventh grade students of SMPN 2 Rejoso
F. The Definition of the Key Terms
          The title of this thesis is a study on teaching vocabulary implemented
   by real object at seventh grade students of SMPN 2 Rejoso 2011/2012. from
   the title, the writer will give some key definition in order to misunderstanding.
   1. Study means the process or activity to know something. The study can be
      done by reading, observation, or research.
   2. Vocabulary means the meaning of words.
   3. Real object means anything which can be seen by eyes.
                                  CHAPTER II
                   REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE


A. Definition of Vocabulary
          Vocabulary is basic knowledge of language, especially in English.
   Vocabulary is used by the students to understand the sentences of English, in
   making sentences, students must know words which the want to use.
          Vocabulary is knowledge of words and word meanings.
          However, vocabulary is more complex than this definition
          suggests. First, words come in two forms : oral and print. Oral
          vocabulary includes those words that we recognize and use in
          listening and speaking. Print vocabulary includes those words
          that we recognize and use in reading and writing. Second, word
          knowledge also comes in two forms, receptive and productive.
          Receptive vocabulary includes words that we recognize when
          we hear or see them. Productive vocabulary includes words that
          we use when we speak or write. Receptive vocabulary is
          typically larger than productive vocabulary, and may include
          many words to which we assign some meaning, even if we don't
          know their full definitions and connotations or ever use them
          ourselves as we speak and write (Kamil & Hiebert, in press).

          Vocabulary is a component from language material in learning English.
   In teaching English vocabulary is one of the important language skills besides
   the other language skills such as reading, listening and speaking. Vocabulary
   skill for the students is very important to communicate through written
   language, the students have to able to write with the material that is given
   appropriately. In studying English students have to deal with some aspects,
   such as the vocabulary that has difficulties in each level.
          Vocabulary is the basic competence that must be reached by students in
   order to get other competencies like reading, writing, listening, and speaking.
   It is difficult to master the other competences without mastering and
   understanding the vocabulary. Rivers in Nunan (1991: 117)


B. Kinds of Vocabulary
          Vocabulary varies in the four skills of language, listening,
   writing,reading and speaking. Generally, a student will absorb listening and
speaking vocabulary before coming to the reading and writing vocabulary. But
in real situation, the process may change, especially in foreign language
teaching. Reading vocabulary may become the first stage before processing
the speaking and listening vocabulary. According to the basis of frequency,
vocabulary can be divided into two kinds, there are high frequency vocabulary
and low frequency vocabulary.
1. High frequency vocabulary consists of words that are used very often in
    normal language, use in all four skills and across the full range of
    situation of use. High frequency vocabulary consists of 2000 word
    families, which are about 87% of the running words in formal written text
    and more than 95% of the words in informal spoken texts
2. The low frequency vocabulary on the other hand, covers only small
    proportion of the running words of a continuous text, it means that low
    frequency vocabulary is rarely, used in common activity of English
    language. This group includes well over 100.000 word families


       I.S.P Nation calls those vocabularies as motivated vocabulary an dun
motivated vocabulary. Motivated (active) vocabulary consists of all the words
we need to use and feel no reluctance in using in our everyday life.
While, the unmotivated (passive) vocabulary can be divided into two groups:
1. Words which are only partly understood and are not well known enough to
   use actively, and
2. Words which are not needed in daily communication.
       From the explanation above, we can conclude that active vocabulary is
all the words used in daily activities, partly while, passive vocabulary is all the
words recognized and understood, and not necessarily used.
Jo Ann Aebersold and Mary Lee Field classify into active and passive.
1. Active vocabulary refers to put item which the learner can use
   appropriately in speaking or writing, and it is also called as productive
   vocabulary, although in fact it is more difficult to put into practice, its
   means that to use the productive vocabulary, the students must to know
   how to pronounce it well, they must be familiar with collocation and
      understand the connotation meaning of the word. This type is often used in
      speaking and writing skill.
   2. Passive vocabulary refers to language items that can be recognized and
      understood in the context of reading or listening and also called as
      receptive vocabulary.


C. Definition of Real Object
          Real object is real things which can be seen and also touched. An
   object is just a thing that we've distinguished from the rest of the universe. On
   the other definition, something we feel, smell, taste, see, or hear is real object.


D. Kinds of Real Object
          As we know that real object is something we can felt, smelt, tasted,
   seen, or heard. So the real object here are :
   1. Picture
      Picture can be seen and touched by see the picture we can know what
      picture is.
   2. Things
      Things can be seen, felt, smelt, tasted, heard and also touched.
                                  CHAPTER III
                        RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

A. The Method of the Research
        In this research the method that is going to be used is the pre-
   experiment method. The aim is to know how far the effectiveness of teaching
   vocabulary by real object as the media of learning can be succeeded and
   appropriate to the purposes, that is held to the seventh grade students of SMP
   N 2 Rejoso.
          In this research, the researcher uses the library research as the method.
   It is research which is conducted by finding, reading and choosing the source
   of the data from books that support the problem that is being studied.
          The writer hopes in this research that the students are able to master the
   subject matter especially in vocabulary skill through pictures. Because the
   writer is sure that without using pictures the students will face difficulties in
   mastering the subject matter. Pictures are one of the learning media which
   have purposes to help the process of teaching and learning at school. Without
   using pictures verbalism will occur that obviously can hamper the process of
   teaching and learning.
B. Source of the Data
          The data is got from several information from SMPN 2 Rejoso. From
   it, the researcher compares the student's skill before and after teaching
   vocabulary by real object.
C. Techniques of Collecting the Data
   1. Collecting the Information
              In collecting the information, the researcher gets information by
      finding, reading and examining the data.
   2. Comparing the Information
              From the various informations, the researcher compares them. It is
      held to get the more accurate data.
   3. Concluding the information
              From the information, which is collected, the researcher constructs
      its review. It is aimed that the researcher.
D. Procedure of the Research
          The procedures in this research are constructed as follows :
   1. Collecting of the Data
   2. Analysis of the Data
      From the data that have been collected, the researcher makes analysis as
      follow :
      1. Comparing
         From the data that are collected, the researcher compares them
      2. Summarizing
         After the data are compared, the next step is constructing the summary
      3. Review
         From the several conclusion which are the additional explanation for
         the researcher
                                  TABLE OF CONTENTS


HALAMAN JUDUL …...............................................................................
CHAPTER I : INTRODUCTION................................................................
A. The Background of the Study …...........................................................
B. The Statement of The Problem ….........................................................
C. The Object of the Study …...................................................................
D. The Significance of the Study …..........................................................
E. The Limitation of the Study ….............................................................
F. The Definition of the Key Terms …......................................................


CHAPTER II : REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE …......................
A. Definition of Vocabulary …...................................................................
B. Kinds of Vocabulary …..........................................................................
C. Definition of Real Object …..................................................................
D. Kinds of Real Object ….........................................................................


CHAPTER III : RESEARCH METHODOLOGY …..................................
A. The Method of the Research ….............................................................
B. Source of the Data …..............................................................................
C. Techniques of Collecting the Data ….....................................................
D. Procedure of the Research ….................................................................
                              REFERENCES


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methodology
http://hallurmala.blogspot.com/2011/01/jenis-jenis-kosakata-kinds-of.html
http://www.docstoc.com/docs/36711088/Metodologi-Penelitian-%28Research-
     Methodology%29
http://www.scribd.com/doc/17110831/Skripsi-Teaching-Vocabulary-Through-
     Pictures
http://www.thefreedictionary.com/vocabulary

				
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