The US Port.ppt

Document Sample
The US Port.ppt Powered By Docstoc
					Role of Ports in Trade




       Angela Morley
        Jensen Yip
       Jake Norquist
        Lee Robles
        Ryan Martin
          The US Port system
Waterways & Ports
  –More than 1,000 harbor channels
  –25,000 miles of inland, intracoastal, and coastal
  waterways.
  –Serving over 300 ports with more than 3,700 terminals
  –Links to 152,000 miles of rail
     460,000 miles of pipeline
     45,000 miles of interstate highways
Intermodal connections
  –Vessels, vehicles, and system users
Decision making driven by marketplace
National, State, local all participate
Logistics
       Importance of U.S. Ports
 Provides American businesses with competitive
  access to suppliers/ markets
  – Mainstay of global economic growth
  – Enables U.S. to be worlds largest trading partner
 Provides cost effective mean for moving bulk
  commodities
  – Grain, coal, petroleum, etc.
  – >95% of overseas trade in/ out moves by ship
      Includes 9 million barrels of oil daily
 Key strengths and issues
  – Flexibility/ ability to adapt to rapidly shifting market
    demands
  – No other system can accommodate future growth in
    overseas trade
             Other Importance
 National security
  – Vital role in mobilizing/ maintaining national security
  – Lifeline for equipment and supplies
 Environmental value
  – Coastal and marine ecosystems crucial for commercial
    and rec. fishing, wildlife watching, boating, drinking
    water
  – Environmentally responsible method of transportation
 Recreational value
  – Passenger vessels provide sightseeing, excursion,
    dining, gaming, cruises, etc.
                Questions
 What area of the government participates in
  the management, financing and operation of
  the U.S. port system?

 What is an issue that the ports are facing
  due to overseas trade growth?
           Ports and Jobs
4 Million Americans
Wages are 13 - 17% higher
$44 billion in personal income
$16.1 billion was paid in taxes
   Exportation and Companies

 Companies are more profitable
 Produce twice as much
 Overall productivity up 12 – 16%
 North American Cruise Industry
 Very dependent on ports
 30.06 billion in economic activity was
  generated
 9 million people went on cruises
 77% of global cruise embarkations were
  from US ports
               Questions

 Name one reason ports help jobs.
              Questions

 How does exportation help companies?
Top Trading Partners
Exports (Goods)
Imports (Goods)
           Products from Top 3 Importers
       Canada 18.2%
    –     Passenger cars, new and used $36.3 (in millions)
    –     Gas-natural $26.8
    –     Crude oil $24.1
       China 14.0%
    –     Computer accessories, peripherals and parts $25.7
    –     Computers $14.4
    –     Apparel and household goods-other textiles $13.1
       Mexico 10.7%
    –     Crude oil $23
    –     Auto parts and accessories $20.6
    –     Passenger cars, new and used $10.8
  Goods the U.S. exports to the top three
            trading partners
 Canada 22.8%
  – Parts and accessories of vehicles $23.5 (in millions)
  – Passenger cars, new and used $12
  – Trucks, buses and special purpose vehicles $10
 Mexico 13.5%
  – Electric apparatus $8.7
  – Computer accessories $6.2
  – Plastic materials $5.8
 China 5.0%
  – Civilian aircraft $3.8
  – Semiconductors $3.3
  – Soybeans $2.2
                 Questions

 What country imports the most to the United
  States?

 What is the #1 good Imported from Canada?
  Current Issues

Amount of trade and cargo dramatically
increasing
  – Due to globalization
  – High consumption of Americans
  – Demand is so large that it is hard handle
  everything being sent to U.S.
       Current Issues
 Greater need for capital
investment in port infrastructure
  – Shared costs between public and private
    sectors
  – 2003-Public invested $1.7B to meet shipping
    industry needs
  – Likely to increase as trade continues to
    increase
     Current Issues
 Vessel sizes are increasing
  and require larger channels
  – Bigger = better
  – Most ports have depths of 35-45 ft. Today’s
    large ships require depths of 45-53 ft.
  – Dredging adds costs and implicates the
    environment
     Disposal?
     Disruption to environment
  Current Issues

 Security
  – Ports handle essential cargoes for military
    operations
  – Gateway into the country
     Management of 6 U.S. ports and Dubai Ports World
      conflict
     Updating with radiation monitors, detection systems,
      and ID systems
              Questions?
 Name 1 reason why the amount of trade has
  increased with ports?




 Globalization, U.S. demand and
  consumption
               Questions?
 Why are people concerned with the
  environment when talking about ports?




 Dredging, harmful effects on natural eco-
  systems, disposal of dredged material
    Why managers should care
 Ports serve as a gateway to goods
  – Both coming in and going out
  – 95% of goods are in same way linked to ports
      A part
      A raw material, etc.
 Can cause major problems
  – Possibility of bottlenecks
  – Strikes
      A strike could put an entire company out of business
                 Summary

   Type of products
   Volume of trade
   Imports
   Exports
                                  Sources
   Meserve, Jeanne. "Ports Company Will Delay Takeover." CNN.Com. 24 Feb. 2006.
    CNN. 29 Apr. 2006
    <http://www.cnn.com/2006/POLITICS/02/23/port.security/?section=cnn_us>.
   "Press Room." US Department of Homeland Security. 22 Feb. 2006. 29 Apr. 2006
    http://www.dhs.gov/dhspublic/display?content=5437.
   "The Dredging Process." EPA. 15 Mar. 2006. 29 Apr. 2006
    <http://www.epa.gov/owow/oceans/ndt/s1.html>.
   "US Public Port Facts." AAPA. 2006. American Association of Port Authorities. 29
    Apr. 2006 <http://www.aapa-ports.org/industryinfo/portfact.htm>.
   "Mineta Underscores Role of Ports in Global Transportation." Primezone. 7 Oct. 2005. 29
    Apr. 2006 <http://www.primezone.com/newsroom/news.html?d=87533>.
   "Business Services." U.S. Department of Transportation Maritime Administration. 5 Oct.
    2005. 29 Apr. 2006 <http://www.marad.dot.gov/business/index.html>.
   "Marine Transportation System." Department of Transportation. Sept. 1999. 28 Apr. 2006
    <http://www.dot.gov/mts/report/mtslinks.pdf>.

				
DOCUMENT INFO