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DoD Architecture Framework Overview - PowerPoint

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DoD Architecture Framework Overview - PowerPoint Powered By Docstoc
					             Understanding the DoD
             Architecture Framework
                     Products

                     Mason Myers


October 27, 2004   DoD Architecture Framework   1
                            Overview
Federal Policy/Guidance on Architectures

• Information Technology Management Reform Act (1996)
  mandates that Chief Information Officers of Executive
  Agencies are responsible for “developing, maintaining,
  and facilitating implementation of sound and integrated
  information technology architecture for the executive
  agency”
• OMB Circular A-130 defines Enterprise Architecture as
  “the explicit description and documentation of the current
  and desired relationships among business and
  management processes and information technology”

October 27, 2004   DoD Architecture Framework              2
                            Overview
          DoD Policy on Using Architectures

•     DoDD 8000.1, Management of DoD
      Information Resources and Information          Recent DoD policy highlights use
      Technology
•     DoDD 8100.01, Global Information Grid
                                                            of architectures for:
      Overarching Policy
•     DoDD 5000.1, The Defense Acquisition
      System, (12May2003)                            Understanding the DoD as an
•     DoDI 5000.2, Operation of the Defense             enterprise
      Acquisition System, (12May2003)
                                                     Identification of operational
•     CJCSI 3170.01C, Joint Capabilities
      Integration and Development System                requirements
•     CJCSI 6212.01C, Interoperability and           Rationalization of IT investment
      Supportability of National Security Systems
      and Information Technology Systems                decisions
•     DoDD 4630.5, Interoperability and              Improvements to interoperability
      Supportability of Information and National
      Security Systems                                  among various systems
•     DoDI 4630.8, Procedures for Interoperability
      and Supportability of Information
      Technology and National Security Systems

    October 27, 2004               DoD Architecture Framework                           3
                                            Overview
    DoDD 5000.1 and .2 Oversight & Review
          ACAT ID/IAM Programs*

                            Defense                            Chief
                          Acquisition                       Information
                           Executive                           Officer

                       Defense Acquisition                  IT Acquisition
                             Board                              Board


   Weapon Systems                      C3ISR Systems          M ajor AIS
      Overarching                                    C3I Overarching
  Integrated Product                               Integrated Product
      Teams (OIPT)                                     Team (OIPT)



           *Note: Space Programs have been delegated to the Air Force and
           most missile defense programs to the Missile Defense Agency

October 27, 2004           DoD Architecture Framework                        4
                                    Overview
                   Architecture Definition

• Architecture
    “The structure of components, their relationships, and the
    principles and guidelines governing their design and
    evolution over time.”
    DoD Integrated Architecture Panel, 1995, based on IEEE STD 610.12

    “An architecture is the fundamental organization of a
    system embodied in its components, their relationships to
    each other, and to the environment, and the principles
    guiding its design and evolution.”
    IEEE STD 1471-2000

                         Structure of                                   Principles &
 Architecture       =    Components        +   Relationships    +       Guidelines

October 27, 2004          DoD Architecture Framework                              5
                                   Overview
    DoD Architecture Framework (DoDAF)
                  Purpose
• An architecture framework is a tool
     – It should describe a method for designing an
       information system in terms of a set of building
       blocks and for showing how the building
       blocks fit together.
     – It should contain a set of tools and provide a
       common vocabulary.
     – It should also include a list of recommended
       standards and compliant products that can be
       used to implement the building blocks.

October 27, 2004   DoD Architecture Framework        6
                            Overview
    History of DoD Architecture Framework
                                                           DoD
                                                        Architecture
                                              2003
                                                        Framework
                                                        Version 2.0

                                 C4ISR
 DoD Architecture              Architecture            Architecture
  Coordination                 Framework               Framework
     Council                   Version 2.0            Working Group
                 C4ISR
                                   Dec 1997
              Architecture
             Working Group                 C4ISR
                                         Architecture
                                         Framework
                      C4ISR ITF          Version 1.0
Prior Community       Integrated
  Experiences        Architectures        June 1996
                        Panel

  October 27, 2004     DoD Architecture Framework                      7
                                Overview
            DoD Architecture Framework

• DoDAF provides guidance on describing architectures in
  order to standardize this method of description
     – Standardized architecture description approaches improve
       possibilities for architecture consistency and reuse
• An architecture description is a representation of:
   – a current or future point in time,
   – a defined “domain” in terms of its component parts,
         • what those parts do,
         • how the parts relate to each other, and
         • the rules and constraints under which the parts function



October 27, 2004       DoD Architecture Framework                     8
                                Overview
            DoD Architecture Framework

• DoD Architecture Framework is partitioned into
  two volumes and a deskbook
     – Volume I provides definitions, guidelines, and related
       background material
     – Volume II contains descriptions and
       examples/templates for each of the 26 products
     – The Deskbook provides supplementary information to
       Framework users
     – All three available on Internet at
       http://www.aitcnet.org/dodfw/


October 27, 2004    DoD Architecture Framework              9
                             Overview
            DoD Architecture Framework

• DoDAF supports development of interoperating
  and interacting architectures
• DoDAF defines three related views of an
  architecture and products describing each of
  these views
         • Operational View
         • Systems View
         • Technical Standards View



October 27, 2004    DoD Architecture Framework   10
                             Overview
                   DoDAF Operational View

• Operational View (OV) is description of tasks and
  activities, operational elements, and information
  exchanges required to accomplish DoD missions
• OV contains graphical and textual products that comprise
  an identification of the operational nodes and elements,
  assigned tasks and activities, and information flows
  required between nodes
• OV defines types of information exchanged, frequency of
  exchange, which tasks and activities are supported by the
  information exchanges, and nature of information
  exchanges

October 27, 2004       DoD Architecture Framework       11
                                Overview
                   DoDAF Systems View

• Systems View (SV) is set of graphical and textual
  products that describes systems and interconnections
  providing for, or supporting, DoD functions
• SV associates systems resources to the Operational
  View
     – These system resources support operational activities and
       facilitate exchange of information among operational nodes




October 27, 2004      DoD Architecture Framework                    12
                               Overview
                   DoDAF Technical View

• Technical View (TV) is minimal set of rules governing
  arrangement, interaction, and interdependence of system
  parts or elements
• TV provides technical systems implementation guidelines
  upon which engineering specifications are based,
  common building blocks are established, and product
  lines are developed
• TV includes collection of technical standards,
  implementation conventions, standards options, rules,
  and criteria organized into profiles that govern systems
  and systems elements for a given architecture

October 27, 2004      DoD Architecture Framework       13
                               Overview
  Relationship Between DODAF Views




       One Architecture, multiple views or perspectives

October 27, 2004    DoD Architecture Framework            14
                             Overview
               DoDAF Products – All Views and
                     Operational View
   Applicable    Product                        DoDAF Product                Essential or
  Architecture   Reference                                                   Supporting
     View
 All Views       AV-1         Overview and Summary Information            Essential
 All Views       AV-2         Integrated Dictionary                       Essential
 Operational     OV-1         High-Level Operational Concept Graphic      Essential
 Operational     OV-2         Operational Node Connectivity Description   Essential

 Operational     OV-3         Operational Information Exchange Matrix     Essential

 Operational     OV-4         Command Relationships Chart                 Supporting
 Operational     OV-5         Activity Model                              Supporting
 Operational     OV-6a        Operational Rules Model                     Supporting
 Operational     OV-6b        Operational State Transition Description    Supporting
 Operational     OV-6c        Operational Event/Trace Description         Supporting
 Operational     OV-7         Logical Data Model                          Supporting

October 27, 2004             DoD Architecture Framework                                15
                                      Overview
   C4ISR Architecture Framework Example

• In order to demonstrate examples of the
  contents of some of the DoD Architecture
  Framework products, assume that we will
  analyze the application domain for a Border and
  Coastline Surveillance System (BCSS) that
  should provide aerial coastline and border
  surveillance and reporting for the United States
  Border Patrol and Drug Enforcement Agency



October 27, 2004   DoD Architecture Framework    16
                            Overview
Overview and Summary Information Product
                (AV-1)
• The Overview and Summary Information
  Product (AV-1) of the DoD Architecture
  Framework is used to document the
  Identification, Purpose, Scope, Intended Users,
  and Context of the system or system-of-systems
  that is being described.




October 27, 2004   DoD Architecture Framework   17
                            Overview
Overview and Summary Information Product
            (AV-1) for BCSS
1. Identification – The BCSS is to be developed for the
   Department of Homeland Security to meet the BCSS
   mission roles.
2. Purpose – The BCSS will employ autonomous, long-
   endurance drone aircraft to patrol both land and water
   border regions in order to detect unauthorized incursions
   and notify ground personnel.
3. Scope – The BCSS development project will develop,
   demonstrate, integrate, deliver, and maintain the air
   vehicle, ground station, mission planning, and logistics
   functionalities that comprise BCSS.

October 27, 2004   DoD Architecture Framework             18
                            Overview
Overview and Summary Information Product
            (AV-1) for BCSS
4. Intended Users – BCSS will be used by the U.S. Border
   Patrol and the Drug Enforcement Agency to monitor the
   borders and coastal waters to detect possible
   unauthorized incursions into the United States and to
   notify authorities to investigate these incursions.

5. Context – BCSS is to be a system that employs an
   autonomous, long-endurance drone aircraft capable of
   integration into civilian airspace and of sharing
   surveillance data with other aircraft as well as with its
   mission monitoring station.


October 27, 2004    DoD Architecture Framework                 19
                             Overview
   Integrated Dictionary Product (AV-2)

• The Integrated Dictionary Product (AV-2) of the DoD
  Architecture Framework is to define terms used in the
  given architecture
• AV-2 consists of textual descriptions in form of glossary,
  repository of architecture data, their taxonomies, and
  their metadata (data about architecture data)
• AV-2 enables set of architecture products to stand alone,
  allowing them to be read and understood with minimal
  reference to outside resources



October 27, 2004   DoD Architecture Framework             20
                            Overview
       High-Level Concept Graphic Product
                     (OV-1)
• The High-Level Concept Graphic Product (OV-1)
  of the DoD Architecture Framework is used to
  depict a high-level graphical description of the
  proposed system and its internal and external
  interdependencies.
• OV-1 serves as a facilitating diagram for
  explaining the system elements and interfaces
  and for showing the system’s role as an element
  of the encompassing system-of-systems.

October 27, 2004   DoD Architecture Framework   21
                            Overview
       High-Level Concept Graphic Product
                (OV-1) for BCSS

                           INTEL              COMMS       GPS




                                    Other                   BCSS
                                   Aircraft                 Aircraft




                   NIMA      BCSS               BCSS             Air
                            Mission             Ground          Traffic
                            Planning            Station         Control




October 27, 2004          DoD Architecture Framework                      22
                                   Overview
 Operational Node Connectivity Description
              Product (OV-2)
• The Operational Node Connectivity Description Product
  (OV-2) of the DoD Architecture Framework is used to
  depict the operational nodes and elements of the
  architecture, the needlines between them, and the
  characteristics of the information exchanged.
• OV-2 serves as a facilitating diagram for further defining
  the interfaces and information to be exchanged and for
  showing the system’s role as an element of the
  encompassing system-of-systems
• OV-2 is frequently done at both the system-of-systems
  and system levels.


October 27, 2004    DoD Architecture Framework                 23
                             Overview
     System-of-Systems Operational Node
     Connectivity Product (OV-2) for BCSS
                                                                                        - Broadcast        GPS
                                                                                         Position &       Satellite
                                                                                         Time
                                                                                                           Node
                                                                                  - Satellite position
                                                                                    & time
                                                                                  - Constellation data


                                                                                                                           - Flight control
                                                                                                                           - Mission track
                                - A/C                 Other                - A/C ID & position            BCSS             - Surveillance
                                  deconfliction      Aircraft                                             Aircraft         - Status reporting
                                                                                                                           - A/C deconfliction
                                                      Node                                                 Node
                                                                               - Control commands
                                                                               - A/C status
                                                                               - Contact reports                      - ATC commands
                                                       - Mission plans         - Mission updates
                  - DTED/DPPDB data                    - Mission updates


                                                                                                                           - Airspace
           NIMA                       BCSS Mission                     BCSS Ground                       Air Traffic         deconfliction
           Node                         Planning                         Station                          Control
                                          Node                            Node                             Node
        - Database production         - Route planning                      - A/C monitoring
                                      - Mission validation                  - Mission monitoring
                                                                            - Contact reporting
                                                                            - Contingency handling



October 27, 2004                                  DoD Architecture Framework                                                                     24
                                                           Overview
                System-Level Operational Node
              Connectivity Product (OV-2) for BCSS
                                                                                                  - Flight control
                                                                                                  - Mission track
                                                                                                  - Surveillance
                                                                                 BCSS             - Status reporting
- Route Planning   BCSS Mission                                                 Aircraft          - A/C deconfliction
                                                                                 Node             - Subsystems
- Mission          Planning                    - Control commands                                   diagnostics
  Validation
                   Node                        - A/C status
                                                                                           - Diagnostic commands
                                               - Contact reports
                                                                                           - Diagnostic status
                   - Mission Plans             - Mission updates
                                                                                           - Power-up/power-down
                   - Mission Updates                                                         sequencing commands


                   - A/C monitoring                                                               - A/C maintenance
                   - Mission monitoring
                                            BCSS Ground                          BCSS             - Ground station
                   - Contact reporting        Station                           Support             maintenance
                   - Contingency handling      Node                              Node             - Operator training
                                                             - A/C status
                                                             - Ground
                                                               station status
                                                                                            - Training scenario
                                 - Control commands
                                                                                              commands
                                 - A/C status
                                 - Contact reports
                                 - Mission updates
                                                              BCSS
                                                            Simulation
                                                              Node
                                                           - A/C simulation


  October 27, 2004                              DoD Architecture Framework                                              25
                                                         Overview
   Operational Information Exchange Matrix
                    (OV-3)
• The Operational Information Exchange Matrix
  (OV-3) of the DoD Architecture Framework
  details information exchanges and identifies who
  exchanges what information, with whom, why the
  information is necessary, and how the
  information exchange must occur
• OV-3 identifies information elements and relevant
  attributes of information exchange and
  associates the exchange to the producing and
  consuming operational nodes and activities and
  to the needline that the exchange satisfies
October 27, 2004   DoD Architecture Framework     26
                            Overview
   Operational Information Exchange Matrix
                    (OV-3)
• OV-3 contains the information in the following
  categories for each Information Element:
   – Information Element Description
   –   Producer and Consumer Identification
   –   Nature of Transaction
   –   Performance Attributes
   –   Information Assurance
   –   Security



October 27, 2004    DoD Architecture Framework     27
                             Overview
           DoDAF Products – Systems View
  Applicable    Product                       DoDAF Product                           Essential or
 Architecture   Reference                                                             Supporting
    View
Systems         SV-1        System Interface Description                           Essential
Systems         SV-2        Systems Communication Description                      Supporting
Systems         SV-3        Systems2 Matrix                                        Supporting
Systems         SV-4        Systems Functionality Description                      Supporting
Systems         SV-5        Operational Activity to System Function Traceability   Supporting
                            Matrix
Systems         SV-6        System Information Exchange Matrix                     Supporting
Systems         SV-7        System Performance Parameters Matrix                   Supporting
Systems         SV-8        System Evolution Description                           Supporting
Systems         SV-9        System Technology Forecast                             Supporting
Systems         SV-10a      System Rules Model                                     Supporting
Systems         SV-10b      Systems State Transition Description                   Supporting
Systems         SV-10c      Systems Event/Trace Description                        Supporting
Systems         SV-11       Physical Data Model                                    Supporting

October 27, 2004            DoD Architecture Framework                                               28
                                     Overview
System Interface Description Product (SV-1)

• The System Interface Description Product (SV-1) of the
  DoD Architecture Framework is used to depict the
  assignments of systems and their interfaces to the nodes
  and needlines identified in the OV-2 diagram
• SV-1 serves to specify which interfaces correspond to
  which systems and contributes to the identification of
  other systems with which coordination must be
  established
• SV-1 is frequently done at both the system-of-systems
  and system levels


October 27, 2004   DoD Architecture Framework           29
                            Overview
   System-of-Systems Interface Description
          Product (SV-1) for BCSS
                                                                                      GPS             - Broadcast
                                                                                     Satellite         Position &
                                                                                                       Time
                                                                                      Node
                                                                               - RF communication




                                                                                                     - Communications
                                                                                                     - Flight control
                              Other         - Communications           - LOS communications          - Mission track          BCSS
                             Aircraft       - A/C                                                    - Surveillance           Aircraft
                              Node            deconfliction                                          - Status reporting
                                                                                                     - A/C deconfliction       Node
                                                                             - LOS &
                                                                               satellite
                                                      - Media for              communications                       - LOS & satellite
                  - Media containing                    ission plans                                                  communications
                    DTED/DPPDB                          and updates

                                   - Route planning                     - Communications
          - Database                                                                                - Communications
                                   - Mission                            - A/C monitoring
            production                                                                              - Airspace
                                     validation                         - Mission
          - Media                                                                                     deconfliction
                                   - Mission                              monitoring
            production
                                     distribution                       - Contact reporting
                                                                        - Contingency
           NIMA                  BCSS Mission                             handling                   Air Traffic
           Node                    Planning                                                           Control
                                     Node                              BCSS Ground                     Node
                                                                         Station
                                                                          Node

October 27, 2004                         DoD Architecture Framework                                                                      30
                                                  Overview
            System-Level Interface Description
                Product (SV-1) for BCSS
                                                                                 - Flight control
                                                                                 - Navigation
                                                                                 - Mission track
                                                                                 - Propulsion
                                                                                                           BCSS
                                                                                 - Surveillance            Aircraft
                                                                                 - Status reporting         Node
                                                                                 - A/C deconfliction
                   - Route Planning                                              - Subsystems
 BCSS Mission                                                                      diagnostics
                   - Mission
   Planning          Validation                                                  - Communications
    Node           - Mission                         - LOS communications
                                                                                                   - RF communication
                     Distribution                    - Satellite
                                                                                                   - Umbilical
                                                       communications
                                                                                                     communication
        - Files for mission plans
          and updates
                                            - Communications
                         BCSS Ground        - A/C monitoring
                                                                                    - A/C maintenance
                                                                                                            BCSS
                           Station                                                  - Ground station
                                            - Mission monitoring                                           Support
                                                                                      maintenance
                            Node            - Contact reporting
                                                                                    - Operator training     Node
                                            - Contingency handling
                                                                       - Wire
                                                                         communications
                                                                                                       - Wire
                                       - LOS communications
                                                                                                         communications
                                       - Satellite
                                         communications

                                                                     - A/C simulation
                                                                     - Communications



                                                                       BCSS
                                                                     Simulation
                                                                       Node

October 27, 2004                        DoD Architecture Framework                                                        31
                                                 Overview
     DoDAF Products – Technical Standards
                    View

  Applicable    Product                       DoDAF Product      Essential or
 Architecture   Reference                                        Supporting
    View

Technical       TV-1        Technical Standards Profile       Essential

Technical       TV-2        Standards Technology Forecast     Supporting




October 27, 2004            DoD Architecture Framework                          32
                                     Overview
     Technical Standards Profile (TV-1)

• The Technical Standards Profile (TV-1) of the DoD
  Architecture Framework provides technical systems
  implementation standards upon which engineering
  specifications are based, common building block are
  established, and product lines are developed
• TV-1 consists of set of systems standards rules that
  govern system implementation and operation of that
  architecture including what hardware and software may
  be implemented and what system data formats may be
  used


October 27, 2004   DoD Architecture Framework             33
                            Overview
Technical Standards Profile (TV-1) Template
                 Example
      JTA Service                      Service                   JTA Standard and
          Area                                                   Source Document
    Information         Higher Order Languages
    Processing
                        Geospatial Data Interchange
                        Motion Imagery Data Exchange – Video
    Information         Data Flow Network
    Transfer
                        Command and Control Information
                        Network
                        Network Interface
                        File Transfer Standards
                        Network Time Synchronization Standards
    Info Security and   Password Security
    Infrastructure
    Standards
                        Virtual Private Network Service
                        Intrusion Detection Service
                        Human-Computer Interface Security
                        Standards

October 27, 2004             DoD Architecture Framework                             34
                                      Overview
                         Conclusion

• Our DoD customers are being instructed to
  describe their system architectures for milestone
  review meetings using DoDAF products
• Some Boeing programs are using DoDAF
  products in their documentation
    – J-UCAS has an Architecture Description Document
      that uses DoDAF products to capture their system
      architecture
         Boeing systems engineers need to become familiar with
         developing and using the DoDAF products

October 27, 2004       DoD Architecture Framework                35
                                Overview

				
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