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					      Excerpts from Ohio Traffic Laws relating to bicycles                                 Excerpts from Ohio Traffic Laws relating to bicycles
A bicycle is defined as a vehicle (§4501.01). Cyclists are drivers and are           A bicycle is defined as a vehicle (§4501.01). Cyclists are drivers and are
required to follow traffic rules applicable to vehicles (§4511.52). This             required to follow traffic rules applicable to vehicles (§4511.52). This
includes riding on the right side of the road.                                       includes riding on the right side of the road.
§ 4511.07. Local traffic regulations.                                                § 4511.07. Local traffic regulations.
(A) Sections ... of the Revised Code do not prevent local authorities from           (A) Sections ... of the Revised Code do not prevent local authorities from
carrying out the following activities ...                                            carrying out the following activities ...
(8) Regulating the operation of bicycles; provided that no such regulation           (8) Regulating the operation of bicycles; provided that no such regulation
shall be fundamentally inconsistent with the uniform rules of the road               shall be fundamentally inconsistent with the uniform rules of the road
prescribed by this chapter and that no such regulation shall prohibit the use of     prescribed by this chapter and that no such regulation shall prohibit the use of
bicycles on any public street or highway except ... [on freeways]                    bicycles on any public street or highway except ... [on freeways]
(B) No ordinance or regulation... shall be effective until signs giving notice of    (B) No ordinance or regulation... shall be effective until signs giving notice of
the local traffic regulations are posted ...                                         the local traffic regulations are posted ...
4511.40 Hand and arm signals                                                         4511.40 Hand and arm signals
(B) … a person operating a bicycle may give a right turn signal by extending         (B) … a person operating a bicycle may give a right turn signal by extending
the right hand and arm horizontally to the right side of the bicycle.                the right hand and arm horizontally to the right side of the bicycle.
4511.53 Rules for bicycles, ...                                                      4511.53 Rules for bicycles, ...
A person operating a bicycle or motorcycle shall not ride other than upon or         A person operating a bicycle or motorcycle shall not ride other than upon or
astride the permanent and regular seat attached thereto, nor carry any other         astride the permanent and regular seat attached thereto, nor carry any other
person upon such bicycle...                                                          person upon such bicycle...
No person operating a bicycle shall carry any package, bundle or article that        No person operating a bicycle shall carry any package, bundle or article that
prevents the driver from keeping at least one hand on the handle bars.               prevents the driver from keeping at least one hand on the handle bars.
4511.55 Bicycle to be ridden near right side of roadway; ...                         4511.55 Bicycle to be ridden near right side of roadway; ...
(A) Every person operating a bicycle upon a roadway shall ride as near to           (A) Every person operating a bicycle upon a roadway shall ride as near to right
  right side of the roadway as practicable obeying all traffic rules applicable         side of the roadway as practicable obeying all traffic rules applicable to
  to vehicles … (This does not require riding in the gutter.)                           vehicles … (This does not require riding in the gutter.)
(B) Persons riding bicycles or motorcycles upon a roadway shall ride not more       (B) Persons riding bicycles or motorcycles upon a roadway shall ride not more
  than two abreast in a single lane....                                                 than two abreast in a single lane....
(C) This section does not require a person operating a bicycle to ride at the       (C) This section does not require a person operating a bicycle to ride at the edge
  edge of the roadway when it is unreasonable or unsafe to do so. Conditions            of the roadway when it is unreasonable or unsafe to do so. Conditions ...
  ... include when necessary to avoid fixed or moving objects, parked or                include when necessary to avoid fixed or moving objects, parked or
  moving vehicles, surface hazards, or if it otherwise is unsafe or                     moving vehicles, surface hazards, or if it otherwise is unsafe or
  impracticable to do so, including if the lane is too narrow for the bicycle and       impracticable to do so, including if the lane is too narrow for the bicycle
  an overtaking vehicle to travel safely side by side within the lane.                  and an overtaking vehicle to travel safely side by side within the lane.
4511.56 Signal devices on bicycle; brake                                             4511.56 Signal devices on bicycle; brake
(A) Every bicycle when in use at the times specified in section 4513.03 of the       (A) Every bicycle when in use at the times specified in section 4513.03 of the
Revised Code [when lights are required] shall be equipped with the following:        Revised Code [when lights are required] shall be equipped with the following:
(1) A lamp on the front … that shall emit a white light visible from a distance      (1) A lamp on the front … that shall emit a white light visible from a distance
    of at least five hundred feet to the front. A generator-powered lamp ... may         of at least five hundred feet to the front. A generator-powered lamp ...
    be used to meet this requirement.                                                    may be used to meet this requirement.
(2) A red reflector on the rear ....                                                 (2) A red reflector on the rear ....
(3) A lamp emitting either flashing or steady red light ...                          (3) A lamp emitting either flashing or steady red light ...
(D) Every bicycle shall be equipped with an adequate brake ....                      (D) Every bicycle shall be equipped with an adequate brake ....


                                                                 F. Oswald, 6/08                                                                      F. Oswald, 6/08

				
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