WORLDVIEW FINAL EXAM REVIEW
I hope you will find this review to be helpful as you prepare for your final exam. A
blue book and a Scantron answer sheet will be needed. Both may be purchased in the
bookstore. Make Your Studies an Expression of Worship!
Your exam involves three major objectives:
1. Familiarity of major terms;
2. The ability to explain and contrast major worldview worldviews;
3. Articulate in a competent way major worldview issues:
This exam will also offer a bonus section whereby it is possible to earn 10 points!
I. Part I: Major Definition: 33.3%:
Major Definitions: Know the list of terms provided below. Most are found in the glossary
of pages 497-504 of Understanding the Times. I will pick 35 terms from this list. This portion
will be on Scantron and may involve true/false, matching, and/or multiple choice. Here are
terms that you will need to know.
3. Anthropic Principle (pg. 103).
10. Conflict Absolutism*
11. Consequential Ethics*
12. Correspondence View of Truth
13. Cosmology (pg. 89).
18. Deontological Ethics*
21. Dialectical Materialism
23. Economic Determinism
27. Ethical Relativism
28. Eudaimonia* (see virtue ethics)
33. Finite godism*
34. Graded Absolutism*
36. Golden Mean* (see virtue ethics)
40. Intelligent Design
41. Law of Non-Contradiction*
47. Metaphysics (pg. 89)
48. Moral Law
49. Natural Law
51. Noetic Effects of Sin*
52. Ontology (pg. 89).
58. Religious Pluralism
60. Secular Humanism
61. Social Justice
63. Teleology (pg. 165)
65. Unqualified Absolutism*
66. Consequential Ethics*
68. Virtue Ethics*
69. Virtue* (see virtue ethics)
70. Vice* (see virtue ethics)
Here are terms and definitions you need to know which are not in your reading but are listed
above with an *:
1. Biases. Biases are fixed presuppositions that do not change unless placed under extreme
2. Preunderstandings. Preunderstandings are moldable influences that come and go
depending upon contextual setting. They are fluid-like.
3. Deontological Ethics. An action is right if and only if it is in accord with a moral rule or
4. Egosim. We should always act to maximize our own individual interests.
5. Noetic Effect of Sin. Noetic effects of sin are the effects of sin upon the mind.
6. Consequential Ethics. This major ethical division states that we choose the actions that
bring about the best outcome (hence, consequential). Utilitarianism is a type of
7. Virtue Ethics. An action is right if and only if it is what a virtuous person would do.
Critical to virtue ethics are the following terms: “eudaimonia” which denotes human
flourishing or successful living. “Virtue” (arête) refers to a habit of excellence whereas a
“vice” is a bad habit. “Golden Mean” refers to being moderate in all things. Two non-
virtuous ethical extremes are deficiency and excessiveness in any given sphere of activity. For
example, in an armed conflict the golden mean is to be courageous, not cowardly
(deficiency) or reckless (excessive).
8. Faith. The reliance upon that which you have reason to believe is true and
9. Panentheism. God is in the universe (e.g., as a mind is in a body).
10. Finite godism. A finite god exists beyond and in the universe.
11. Law of Non-Contradiction. This first undeniable principle of logic affirms that
opposites cannot both be true. As Aristotle observed, “Nothing can be and not be at the same time
in the same respect.”
12. Graded Absolutism. This ethical view, rooted in the Reformed tradition, advocates the
idea that when two or more universal ethical norms come into unavoidable conflict, the
Christian’s non-culpable duty is to follow the higher one. This position maintains that one is
personally guiltless if he or she does the greatest good and chooses the lesser evil in a hard
13. Conflict Absolutism. This ethical view, rooted in the Lutheran tradition, affirms that
moral conflicts are inevitable because we live in a fallen world. When two duties conflict, we
are responsible to both duties. God’s law can never be broken without guilt. Therefore, in
such cases, we must simply do the lesser evil and confess our sin (1 John 1:9).
14. Unqualified Absolutism. This ethical view, rooted in the Anabaptist tradition affirms
that all moral conflicts are only apparent; they are not real.
15. Consequential Ethics:. An action is right if and only if it promotes the best
consequences. For example, utilitarianism is one type of consequential ethics.
II. Part 2: Explain and Contrast Competing Worldviews: 33.3%
Be able to briefly explain and contrast the competing worldviews as listed on chart between
table of contents and page 1 of Understanding the Times (33.3%). You will use blue book for
this portion of exam.
III. Part 3: Essay Questions: 33.3%
Essay Questions from Unshakable Foundations(33.3%). The following essay questions are
drawn from this book. From this list I will choose 3. You will use blue book for this portion
1. What are first principles and why begin with logic? (Chapter 1)
2. Can the laws of logic be used as a test for truth (Chapter 1)
2. What is truth? (Chapter 2)
3. Why are worldviews important (Chapter 3)?
4. Is science a matter of faith (Chapter 4)?
5. What is evil, Did God create evil, what is the purpose of evil and suffering,
and can God be sovereign and still allow for human freedom (Chapter 11)?
6. Defend the Reliability of Scripture (Chapter 12).
7. Defend the Deity of Jesus Christ (Chapter 13).
8. Do absolute moral laws exist (Chapter 14)?
9. What gives ultimate meaning to life (Chapter 15)?
IV. Part 4: Bonus Questions:
Bonus Questions (2 out 3 Questions will be chosen; 5 points each; partial
credit is given). This portion will also be in blue book. Here are the three questions from
which I will choose 2:
1. Compare and Contrast the Major Models of Evangelical Ethics:
a. Unqualified Absolutism.
b. Conflict Absolutism.
c. Graded Absolutism.
2. List the 5 categories of justification of our beliefs as explained in class.
3. Explain the differences between Intelligent Design movement and