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					                                                       Applied Baccalaureate
Office of Community College
Research and Leadership
                                                      State Information Sheet
 Higher Education in Washington                                     Applied Baccalaureate Degrees
 Washington has an estimated population of 6,664,195, with          The Adult Learner and the Applied Baccalaureate study
 362,535 enrolled in higher education. The Chronicle of Higher      funded by Lumina Foundation for Education (Bragg & Ruud)
 Education Almanac1 for 2010 shows 21,194 Associate degrees         uses survey and case study methods to document the evolution
 and 29,524 Baccalaureate degrees for the 2008-09 academic          and current status of applied baccalaureate (AB) degrees
 year. This statistic shows Washington awards a high                awarded by community and technical colleges as well as
 percentage of college degrees at the associate level as            traditional baccalaureate-granting institutions. The study
 compared to the bachelor’s level, relative to other states. The    included a 50-state inventory conducted in 2007-08; phase two
 state’s public higher education system encompasses two major       of the study began in fall 2008 with the selection of six states
 research institutions, four regional-comprehensive institutions,   (Arizona, Florida, Kentucky, Oklahoma, Texas, and
 and 34 community and technical colleges. Five branch               Washington) that were engaged in case study research. Results
 campuses, ten university centers, and numerous teaching sites      presented in this profile reflect summary information gathered
 are associated with these public institutions. In addition there   on the state of Washington.
 are 28 non-profit private institutions, and 23 for-profits.2 The
                                                                    The expansion of AB degrees at universities, university
 graduation rate for Washington’s 4-year institutions is above
                                                                    centers and community and technical colleges is one of several
 the national average of 59.7%, at 68.0%.
                                                                    strategies that Washington is employing to grow bachelor’s
                                                                    degree production. Several public colleges and universities
 Washington adopted a strategic plan for higher education in
                                                                    offer AB degrees, including seven community and technical
 December 2007. This Strategic Master Plan for Higher
                                                                    colleges that were approved to offer eight AB degrees under a
 Education3 articulates the need for a higher education system
                                                                    pilot program established by the Legislature in 2005. Passage
 that is capable of delivering up to 40% more degrees at the
                                                                    of a new state law in spring 2010 addressing the state’s System
 baccalaureate and graduate levels annually. A related System
                                                                    Design Plan moved AB degrees from pilot status to regular
 Design Plan calls for the redesign of the delivery system of
                                                                    program status, following normal state program approval
 higher education, including a new process for determining
                                                                    processes7. ABs offered by community and technical colleges
 when and where to build new campuses or centers, to develop
                                                                    were first authorized in a bill passed in 2005 (HB 1794) with
 new programs, to expand eLearning and other delivery modes,
                                                                    the goal of improving student access to college, including
 and to change college and university missions. The System
                                                                    authorizing an expanded role for branch campuses in offering
 Design Plan also called for the state’s goals to be achieved by
                                                                    lower-division courses and giving flexibility to admission of
 the end of a 10-year framework in 2018; however, the Plan
                                                                    transfer students. The policy also encouraged collaboration
 was almost immediately extended to 2030 in light of the
                                                                    among institutions associated with the delivery of
                                                                    baccalaureate-level education, through the implementation of
                                                                    proportionality and co-enrollment agreements. 8
 The System Design Plan consists of the following:
 1.   Guiding principles on which to base future growth             Washington’s pilot approach encouraged AB degree-
      decisions.                                                    authorized pilot projects at 4-year institutions as well as
                                                                    community and technical colleges. Up to four institutions were
 2.   Near-term strategy to grow enrollment without major
                                                                    offered baccalaureate degree programs in an applied field, and
      capital investment.
                                                                    community and technical colleges were allowed to contract
 3.   Evaluation of major new expansion proposals (new              with the regional universities, branch campuses, and/or The
      branch campuses, capital investment in university centers,    Evergreen State College to offer degree programs on their
      new campuses, or major technology innovations),               campuses. The state community and technical college system
      including an expand on demand process that would              office conducted analysis and supported the development of
      require significant investments.                              AB degrees to insure they were responding to a documented
                                                                    need to serve students who had completed technical associate
 4.   A new Fund for Innovation to foster innovation, pilot         degrees and wanted to pursue the baccalaureate. As of spring
      programs, and partnerships focused on improving access
                                                                    2010, state enrollment in AB degree programs was lower than
      and completion, system productivity, and alternative
                                                                    expected at just under 200 headcount and about 35 degrees.
      program delivery.5
                                                                    Central Washington University and South Seattle Community
 The plan also articulated the state’s commitment to addressing     College were selected for this profile because they were
 low participation and success rates among rapidly growing          identified by state officials as having especially active
 racial/ethnic groups and an over-reliance on importing
                                                                    institutional leaders in AB-degree implementation during the
 degreed workers.6
                                                                    pilot phase.
WASHINGTON                                                                               APPLIED BACCALAUREATE STATE PROFILE, CONT.

Central Washington University                             Selected Institutional             South Seattle Community College
Central Washington University (CWU) is located                & AB Facts                     South Seattle describes itself as an
in Ellensburg in the central part of the state, less    Central Washington                   institution [that] is a constantly evolving
than two hours east of Seattle and three hours west     University                           educational community dedicated to
of Spokane. CWU has six university locations,           2008-2009 school year                providing quality learning experiences
including several sites located in close proximity      • Headcount Enrollment: 9,800        which prepare students to meet their goals
to Seattle (Des Moines, Lynnwood, and Pierce            • Bachelor’s Awarded: 2485           for life and work.9
County) as well as Moses Lake, Wenatchee, and           • AB Degrees: BAS in
Yakima. CWU also has teaching sites in Kent,              Information Technology and         Applied Baccalaureate Degrees
Everett, and Mt. Vernon.                                  Administrative Management
                                                          (ITAM); BAS in Safety and          The BAS degree in Hospitality
Applied Baccalaureate Degrees                             Health Management (SHM);
                                                          and BAS in Food Service
                                                                                             Management (HM) prepares students who
                                                          Management (FSM)                   have completed the AAS-Transfer (AAS-T)
The first AB degree programs with the BAS
                                                        • AB Model: Management               degree in Accounting, Business
designation that were approved by the state (in
                                                          (ITAM); Career Leader              Information Technology, Culinary or other
December 2004) were offered by CWU. The
                                                          (FSM)                              related area for management positions.
three programs are the BAS in Information
                                                        • Started in: 2004                   Information about the program that appears
Technology and Administrative Management
                                                        • Housed At: Teaching Site at        on the South Seattle website notes that the
(ITAM); the BAS in Safety and Health
                                                          Everett and CWU campus,            degree is designed to “remove roadblocks”
Management; and the BAS in Food Service                   Ellensburg                         that prevent students who hold the AAS-T
Management. These AB degree programs have               • Enrollment: 7 (ITAM); 2            degree from using credits toward their
been slow to attract students, though the ITAM            (SHM); 2 (FSM)                     baccalaureate. Other goals include
program had evolved to a sizeable enrollment of         • Graduation: Unknown
                                                                                             preparing students for the local hospitality
115 students by spring 2010, the time of our
                                                                                             industry; serving a diverse student
OCCRL staff’s last visit.                               South Seattle Community
                                                        College                              population, including students of color,
                                                        2008-09 school year                  English as a Second Language/English
In addition to the CWU main campus, the most
                                                        • Headcount Enrollment: 7333         Language Learners (ESL/ELL); and
robust of the AB degree programs, the ITAM, is
                                                          (Fall 2008)                        contributing to the state’s goals for higher
offered in various sites in the Seattle-Tacoma
                                                        • Associate’s Awarded:               education and regional economic goals.
metropolitan area, including the Highline
                                                        • AB Degrees: Science (ABS);
Community College campus, the Edmonds                     BAS in Hospitability               As noted, an important aspect of the AB
Community College campus in Lynnwood, and                 Management                         degree is the AAS-T, which was approved
the Everett Community College campus. These             • Started in: 2005                   in 2002. The AAS-T degree requires a
locations are convenient to the largest populated       • AB Model: Management               minimum of 20 credits of general education
region of the state and also located on                 • Housed At:: South Seattle          courses drawn from the Direct Transfer
community college campuses where students                 Main Campus
                                                                                             Agreement. AAS-T courses are designed
who completed AAS degrees have familiarity              • Enrollment: 49 (AY09); 56
                                                                                             for the dual purpose of employment as well
and convenient access. The ITAM program
                                                        • Total graduation: 32 (2            as transfer to the bachelor’s degree.
coordinator noted that many of the students who
enroll in the BAS program are working in the              cohorts)
                                                                                              The program coordinator observed courses
area in the IT field, and they prefer to continue
                                                                                              that focus on the local hospitality industry
attending their respective community college.
                                                                                              and the 1,000-hour internship requirement
Online and hybrid online/classroom instruction is used
                                                                          contribute to a high success rate. This year, 93% of HM
extensively to deliver classes in the ITAM program, as well as
                                                                          graduates are continuing to work or taking new jobs in the
the other BAS programs offered by CWU.
                                                                          local hospitality industry after graduation10.

  Chronicle of Higher Education. (2010). The Chronicle Almanac  
2009-2010.                                                                iesForChange.pdf.
  Personal communication with Jan Ignash, August 24, 2010.                  Sepannen, L. (2010). Development of Washington’s Community
3                                                                         and Technical Applied Baccalaureate Degrees, Update on Research
  2008 Strategic Master Plan for Higher Education in Washington:
                                                                          and Leadership, 21(2), p. 12-16). Urbana, IL: Office of Community
                                                                          College Research and Leadership (OCCRL), University of Illinois.
rPlan-fromPRT.pdf. Retrieved August 17, 2010.                             8
4                                                                           Sepannen, L., p. 12-16.
  Personal communication with Jan Ignash, January 19, 2010.               9
5                                                                           South Seattle Community College website:
  Personal communication with Jan Ignash.
  Daley, A., & Grinstein, B. (2008, December 4). Opportunities for        10
                                                                             Personal communication with Katie Frazier, August 25, 2010.
Change: Implementing the Strategic Master Plan for Higher
Education. Powerpoint presentation.