Applied Baccalaureate Office of Community College Research and Leadership State Information Sheet WASHINGTON Higher Education in Washington Applied Baccalaureate Degrees Washington has an estimated population of 6,664,195, with The Adult Learner and the Applied Baccalaureate study 362,535 enrolled in higher education. The Chronicle of Higher funded by Lumina Foundation for Education (Bragg & Ruud) Education Almanac1 for 2010 shows 21,194 Associate degrees uses survey and case study methods to document the evolution and 29,524 Baccalaureate degrees for the 2008-09 academic and current status of applied baccalaureate (AB) degrees year. This statistic shows Washington awards a high awarded by community and technical colleges as well as percentage of college degrees at the associate level as traditional baccalaureate-granting institutions. The study compared to the bachelor’s level, relative to other states. The included a 50-state inventory conducted in 2007-08; phase two state’s public higher education system encompasses two major of the study began in fall 2008 with the selection of six states research institutions, four regional-comprehensive institutions, (Arizona, Florida, Kentucky, Oklahoma, Texas, and and 34 community and technical colleges. Five branch Washington) that were engaged in case study research. Results campuses, ten university centers, and numerous teaching sites presented in this profile reflect summary information gathered are associated with these public institutions. In addition there on the state of Washington. are 28 non-profit private institutions, and 23 for-profits.2 The The expansion of AB degrees at universities, university graduation rate for Washington’s 4-year institutions is above centers and community and technical colleges is one of several the national average of 59.7%, at 68.0%. strategies that Washington is employing to grow bachelor’s degree production. Several public colleges and universities Washington adopted a strategic plan for higher education in offer AB degrees, including seven community and technical December 2007. This Strategic Master Plan for Higher colleges that were approved to offer eight AB degrees under a Education3 articulates the need for a higher education system pilot program established by the Legislature in 2005. Passage that is capable of delivering up to 40% more degrees at the of a new state law in spring 2010 addressing the state’s System baccalaureate and graduate levels annually. A related System Design Plan moved AB degrees from pilot status to regular Design Plan calls for the redesign of the delivery system of program status, following normal state program approval higher education, including a new process for determining processes7. ABs offered by community and technical colleges when and where to build new campuses or centers, to develop were first authorized in a bill passed in 2005 (HB 1794) with new programs, to expand eLearning and other delivery modes, the goal of improving student access to college, including and to change college and university missions. The System authorizing an expanded role for branch campuses in offering Design Plan also called for the state’s goals to be achieved by lower-division courses and giving flexibility to admission of the end of a 10-year framework in 2018; however, the Plan transfer students. The policy also encouraged collaboration was almost immediately extended to 2030 in light of the among institutions associated with the delivery of economy.4 baccalaureate-level education, through the implementation of proportionality and co-enrollment agreements. 8 The System Design Plan consists of the following: 1. Guiding principles on which to base future growth Washington’s pilot approach encouraged AB degree- decisions. authorized pilot projects at 4-year institutions as well as community and technical colleges. Up to four institutions were 2. Near-term strategy to grow enrollment without major offered baccalaureate degree programs in an applied field, and capital investment. community and technical colleges were allowed to contract 3. Evaluation of major new expansion proposals (new with the regional universities, branch campuses, and/or The branch campuses, capital investment in university centers, Evergreen State College to offer degree programs on their new campuses, or major technology innovations), campuses. The state community and technical college system including an expand on demand process that would office conducted analysis and supported the development of require significant investments. AB degrees to insure they were responding to a documented need to serve students who had completed technical associate 4. A new Fund for Innovation to foster innovation, pilot degrees and wanted to pursue the baccalaureate. As of spring programs, and partnerships focused on improving access 2010, state enrollment in AB degree programs was lower than and completion, system productivity, and alternative expected at just under 200 headcount and about 35 degrees. program delivery.5 Central Washington University and South Seattle Community The plan also articulated the state’s commitment to addressing College were selected for this profile because they were low participation and success rates among rapidly growing identified by state officials as having especially active racial/ethnic groups and an over-reliance on importing institutional leaders in AB-degree implementation during the degreed workers.6 pilot phase. WASHINGTON APPLIED BACCALAUREATE STATE PROFILE, CONT. Central Washington University Selected Institutional South Seattle Community College Central Washington University (CWU) is located & AB Facts South Seattle describes itself as an in Ellensburg in the central part of the state, less Central Washington institution [that] is a constantly evolving than two hours east of Seattle and three hours west University educational community dedicated to of Spokane. CWU has six university locations, 2008-2009 school year providing quality learning experiences including several sites located in close proximity • Headcount Enrollment: 9,800 which prepare students to meet their goals to Seattle (Des Moines, Lynnwood, and Pierce • Bachelor’s Awarded: 2485 for life and work.9 County) as well as Moses Lake, Wenatchee, and • AB Degrees: BAS in Yakima. CWU also has teaching sites in Kent, Information Technology and Applied Baccalaureate Degrees Everett, and Mt. Vernon. Administrative Management (ITAM); BAS in Safety and The BAS degree in Hospitality Applied Baccalaureate Degrees Health Management (SHM); and BAS in Food Service Management (HM) prepares students who Management (FSM) have completed the AAS-Transfer (AAS-T) The first AB degree programs with the BAS • AB Model: Management degree in Accounting, Business designation that were approved by the state (in (ITAM); Career Leader Information Technology, Culinary or other December 2004) were offered by CWU. The (FSM) related area for management positions. three programs are the BAS in Information • Started in: 2004 Information about the program that appears Technology and Administrative Management • Housed At: Teaching Site at on the South Seattle website notes that the (ITAM); the BAS in Safety and Health Everett and CWU campus, degree is designed to “remove roadblocks” Management; and the BAS in Food Service Ellensburg that prevent students who hold the AAS-T Management. These AB degree programs have • Enrollment: 7 (ITAM); 2 degree from using credits toward their been slow to attract students, though the ITAM (SHM); 2 (FSM) baccalaureate. Other goals include program had evolved to a sizeable enrollment of • Graduation: Unknown preparing students for the local hospitality 115 students by spring 2010, the time of our industry; serving a diverse student OCCRL staff’s last visit. South Seattle Community College population, including students of color, 2008-09 school year English as a Second Language/English In addition to the CWU main campus, the most • Headcount Enrollment: 7333 Language Learners (ESL/ELL); and robust of the AB degree programs, the ITAM, is (Fall 2008) contributing to the state’s goals for higher offered in various sites in the Seattle-Tacoma • Associate’s Awarded: education and regional economic goals. metropolitan area, including the Highline • AB Degrees: Science (ABS); Community College campus, the Edmonds BAS in Hospitability As noted, an important aspect of the AB Community College campus in Lynnwood, and Management degree is the AAS-T, which was approved the Everett Community College campus. These • Started in: 2005 in 2002. The AAS-T degree requires a locations are convenient to the largest populated • AB Model: Management minimum of 20 credits of general education region of the state and also located on • Housed At:: South Seattle courses drawn from the Direct Transfer community college campuses where students Main Campus Agreement. AAS-T courses are designed who completed AAS degrees have familiarity • Enrollment: 49 (AY09); 56 (AY10) for the dual purpose of employment as well and convenient access. The ITAM program • Total graduation: 32 (2 as transfer to the bachelor’s degree. coordinator noted that many of the students who enroll in the BAS program are working in the cohorts) The program coordinator observed courses area in the IT field, and they prefer to continue that focus on the local hospitality industry attending their respective community college. and the 1,000-hour internship requirement Online and hybrid online/classroom instruction is used contribute to a high success rate. This year, 93% of HM extensively to deliver classes in the ITAM program, as well as graduates are continuing to work or taking new jobs in the the other BAS programs offered by CWU. local hospitality industry after graduation10. 1 Chronicle of Higher Education. (2010). The Chronicle Almanac http://www.hecb.wa.gov/research/masterplans/documents/Opportunit 2009-2010. iesForChange.pdf. 7 2 Personal communication with Jan Ignash, August 24, 2010. Sepannen, L. (2010). Development of Washington’s Community 3 and Technical Applied Baccalaureate Degrees, Update on Research 2008 Strategic Master Plan for Higher Education in Washington: and Leadership, 21(2), p. 12-16). Urbana, IL: Office of Community http://www.hecb.wa.gov/research/masterplans/documents/2008Maste College Research and Leadership (OCCRL), University of Illinois. rPlan-fromPRT.pdf. Retrieved August 17, 2010. 8 4 Sepannen, L., p. 12-16. Personal communication with Jan Ignash, January 19, 2010. 9 5 South Seattle Community College website: Personal communication with Jan Ignash. 6 http://www.southseattle.edu/campus/mission.htm. Daley, A., & Grinstein, B. (2008, December 4). Opportunities for 10 Personal communication with Katie Frazier, August 25, 2010. Change: Implementing the Strategic Master Plan for Higher Education. Powerpoint presentation.