Minneapolis by wpr1947


									           Thunderhead Alliance for Biking and Walking
                      Strengthening and Uniting Coalitions Across North America

                     U.S. Bicycling and Walking Benchmarking Project

                                      City Survey
     Benchmarking for (city) Minneapolis
            Date submitted 1-26-09

                                    CONTACT INFORMATION
           Your First Name        Shaun
                 Last Name        Murphy
                       Title      NTP Project Coordinator
       Organization/Agency        City of Minneapolis
                     E-mail       shaun.murphy@ci.minneapolis.mn.us
                      Phone       612.333.2450
             Street Address       350 S 5th Street, Room 233
                       City       Minneapolis
                       State      MN
                        Zip       55415

               INSTRUCTIONS: Please provide the following data for your city.
Typing your answers into the right hand column helps our Project Team read your response and
 save time on data input. Additional notes should be added at the bottom of the survey or as an
         attachment. Please address any questions regarding completing this survey to
                   benchmarking@thunderheadalliance.org or 415-513-528.

The deadline for all surveys is January 20, 2009 in order for your city’s data to be included in
                          the 2009 National Benchmarking Report

     IMPORTANT: Throughout this survey, the term “city” refers to the city
              proper, NOT the metropolitan area or region.

                    Thank you for your help completing this important survey!

                                            BICYCLE USE
     1.           Has your city agency (or organization) conducted any bike trips      Yes (see notes)
          count (to determine bicycle mode share for all trip purposes)? (Yes/No)
                            If yes, what is the mode share for bike trips? (% of all        4.5%
                   If yes, what date was this count, referenced above, performed?           2000
2.        Has your city agency (or organization) done other biking or walking trip     Yes, Downtown
                                                                                       Cordon Count
                                                    counts such as cordon counts?        (see notes)
                      If yes, when (month and year) were these counts performed?           09/2003
                                           What were the results of these counts?      0.8% of all trips
                                                                                       taken by bike

                 U.S. Bicycling and Walking Benchmarking Project City Survey
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                              FUNDING BICYCLING & WALKING
3.       Does your city have an overall bicycle and pedestrian spending target?         No
                                                     If yes what is the amount?
4. How much did your city spend on bicycle and pedestrian programs (infrastructure and
education) in each of the following fiscal years?
            .                                                             2008: see additional notes
                                                                                       at bottom of survey

5. How many full time equivalent (FTE) staff did your city’s government employ to work on
bicycle and pedestrian issues in each of the following years (including Safe Routes to School and
contractor FTEs)?
                                                                            2008:     19.3 (see notes)
                                                                            2007:    3 (as reported, we
                                                                                        actually had ~10 to
                                                                                        15 if my definition
6. How many FTE police on bikes did your city fund in each of the following years?
                                                                           2008:               8.5
7. How many FTE police on foot did your city fund in each of the following years?
8.         What percent of your city’s police force is trained to ride on bikes?              28%

Existing bicycle and pedestrian facilities:
9. How many miles of each of the following does your city have?
on-street bike lanes? (count both directions when bike lanes are on both sides of             58.9
                                       multi-use paths and dedicated bike paths?              83.2
                                                             signed bike routes?               12
  sidewalks? (count both directions when sidewalks are on both sides of street)              2,000
10.                    How many bicycle parking spaces does your city have?             15,111 (see notes)

     Of these, how many are secure (guarded, bike boxes/lockers, bike stations)?              249
Planned bicycle and pedestrian facilities:
11.         How many miles of planned bicycle and pedestrian facilities does                  175
         your city have? (include those published in local transportation plans)
12. Does your city have published goals for increasing…

                U.S. Bicycling and Walking Benchmarking Project City Survey
                                         Page 2 of 9
                                                 …bicycling facilities? (Yes/No)          Yes
                                                …pedestrian facilities? (Yes/No)     Yes (see notes)
Innovative bicycle and pedestrian infrastructure:
13. Which of the following has your city implemented?
                          Shared Lane Markings (such as Sharrows)? (Yes/No)               Yes
                                                  Bicycle Boulevards? (Yes/No)            No
                                          Woonerfs or Living Streets? (Yes/No)            No
                                                  Colored Bike Lanes? (Yes/No)            Yes
                                                Bicycle Traffic Lights? (Yes/No)          No
               Other? (please specify)    Contra-Flow Bike Lanes, Left Side Bike Lanes, Bicycle
                                            Freeways (Cedar Lake Trail, Midtown Greenway)

                                 BIKE-TRANSIT INTEGRATION
14. Bike access on transit:
                      What percent of buses servicing your city have bike racks?          100%
 How many hours/week are bike allowed roll-on access on trains servicing your          All Service
                                                                 city? (0-168 hrs)        Hours
15. Bike parking at transit stops:
     What is the total number of bike parking spaces at transit stops within city?        205
                    What percent of transit stops in your city have bike parking?         74%

                          CITY BICYCLING & WALKING POLICIES
16. Does your city have a published goal to…
                                                   …increase walking? (Yes/No)        No
                                                     …increase biking? (Yes/No) Yes (see notes)
                          …decrease pedestrian crashes and fatalities? (Yes/No)       No
                        …decrease bicycle and crashes and fatalities? (Yes/No)        No
17. Does your city enforce drivers not yielding to pedestrians and cyclists when     Yes
                                      non-motorized traffic has the right of way?
                            If so, what fine is associated with this enforcement? $
18. Has your city adopted…
        …a complete streets (or routine accommodations) policy that states that       No
          bicycling, walking and transit shall be considered in every stage of all
                                                transportation projects? (Yes/No)
                               …a bicycle and pedestrian master plan? (Yes/No) No (see notes)
                                         …a bicycle master plan only? (Yes/NA)        No
                                      …a pedestrian master plan only? (Yes/NA)        No
            …a policy setting minimum spending levels for bike/ped? (Yes/No)          No
19. Does your city have a policy that requires…
 … a minimum number of car parking spaces for new developments? (Yes/No)             Yes
 …a maximum number of car parking spaces for new developments? (Yes/No)              Yes
…bike parking in buildings or parking garages (often in zoning codes) (Yes/No)       Yes
         …bike parking for new developments (often in zoning codes) (Yes/No)         Yes
    …secure or valet bike parking at public events (such as festivals, ballgames,     No
                                                         concerts, etc.)? (Yes/No)

                U.S. Bicycling and Walking Benchmarking Project City Survey
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20. Does your city have a bicycle and pedestrian advisory committee? (Yes/No)              Yes

Please do the best you can to complete the Safe Routes to School and education questions below:

                              SAFE ROUTES TO SCHOOL (SRTS)
Colleges & Universities:
21.                 Is your city home to at least one four-year university? (Yes/No)     Yes (see notes)
     22.                              How many students attend universities in your        60,000
            23.      How many car parking spaces are available to students at these        14,000
     24.          How many secure bike parking spaces are available to students at          7,000
                                                                  these universities?
25.             Are goals for increasing biking and walking part of the universities’         No
                                                      Transportation Plan? (Yes/No)
Public Schools K-12
26. How many pupils attend public schools in your city?
                                                                                 K-8:     28,850 (see
                                                                                   9-12:    11,422
27. How many pupils who attend public schools in your city are transported by bus?
                                                                                    K-8:  20,500
                                                                                   9-12:   6,581
28. How much did your city or city school district spend annually on school bus/transit
transportation in each of the following years?
                                                                                  2008: $31.7 million
                                                                                  2007: $32.4 million
                                                                                  2006: $33.3 million
       29.                How many bike parking spaces are at public schools in your         829
        30. Has there been a study to determine the percentage of morning rush hour          No
 traffic in your city caused by parents driving children to school; and if so what is it?
31. Does your city have a policy that…
                             …requires minimum acreage for school siting? (Yes/No)
        …places children in schools for any reason other than proximity to residence?        Yes
Safe Routes to School in Your City
32.                           Do you have a city-sponsored SRTS program? (Yes/No)            Yes
33.          What percentages of schools in your city participate in a SRTS program?        25%
34.                               How many students are served by a SRTS program?            700
                35. How is this program funded? (federal funds/local funds/regional Federal/Local
   36.       Do you know your funding shortfall for engineering fixes you would like $500,000
                   to implement for SRTS projects in your city? If so, how much is it?
            37.            Participation in Bike & Walk to School Day (city-wide):        No (see
                                                                               (Yes/No)    notes)
                      Percentages of schools in your city that participated in: 2008:
                                                                                  2007:       7
                                                                                  2006:       3
                                                           Number of students: 2008:
                                                                                  2007:    3,000

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                                                                             2006:      1,000

                                  EDUCATION & EVENTS
38. Presence of youth bicycle education courses (city-wide)? (Yes/No)                Yes
                    Who sponsors these courses? (Government/Non-Profit/Other)       Gov’t
                                        Participation: Number of youth: 2008:        180
                                                                            2007:    150
                                                                            2006:    125
39.                       Presence of adult bicycle education courses?               Yes
                    Who sponsors these courses? (Government/Non-Profit/Other) Gov’t/Other
                                        Participation: Number of adults: 2008:       335
          40.                            Presence of Bike to Work Day events?      Yes (see
                                                                        (Yes/No)    notes)
                    Who sponsors these courses? (Government/Non-Profit/Other)       Gov’t
                                        Participation: Number of adults: 2008:      2,500
                                                                            2007:    400
                                                                            2006:    300
        41.     Does your city sponsor a street-closure event(s)(ciclovia-like) to   No
                      promote cycling, walking and physical activity? (Yes/No)
                          Participation: Number of adults and children: 2008:
        42. Does your city sponsor a bike ride to promote cycling and physical     Yes (see
                                                              activity? (Yes/No)    notes)
                          Participation: Number of adults and children: 2008:       3,400
                                                                            2007:   4,700

43. Has your city implemented any innovative programs, policies, infrastructure, etc. that is not included in
this survey and which you would like to share? (We will include a section on “selected innovations” in the
final Benchmarking Report.)
               A locally funded mini-grant program for SRTS initiatives – 15 grants at $1,000 each
                    A new minimum bike parking requirement, city-wide – see pages 31 to 34
                         The Midtown Bike Center – first bicycle station in Minneapolis
                         Bike Walk Ambassadors – 4 full-time education/outreach staff
                                   Martin Sabo Midtown Greenway Bridge

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                          SUBMITTING YOUR COMPLETED SURVEY
                                   (In order of preference)

   1. Save as a Word document and e-mail your completed survey to
      benchmarking@thunderheadalliance.org (this method most helps our Project Team
      reduce data input time).

     2.     If you prefer to hand-write answers onto your survey, you can scan and send to the e-
                            mail address above, or mail the completed survey to:
                          Thunderhead Alliance Benchmarking Project;
                            2525 24th Street; San Francisco, CA 94110.

Please keep a copy of the completed survey for your records and in case your submitted survey is
                                lost in transmission or the mail.

                          THANK YOU FOR YOUR HELP!


   1. This was a survey called the Travel Behavior Inventory (TBI), conducted by the
      Metropolitan Council, our local Metropolitan Planning Organization. The TBI
      tabulates results by city, so 4.5% represents the percentage of trips taken on
      bicycle by Minneapolis residents (not miles, not trips in Minneapolis proper, etc.).
      Also, the percentage for walking trips was 13.6%.
   2. The City of Minneapolis has conducted downtown cordon counts at
      approximately 35 locations since 1961. These counts are done in September:

          Recently the City has also conducted city wide bike and pedestrian counts, both in
          2007 and 2008. The 2007 data is available at
          http://www.ci.minneapolis.mn.us/bicycles/Count_Report.pdf (see maps on
          pages 5 & 7 to skip methodology). The counts revealed a 51% increase in biking
          between 2003 and 2007 at 9 downtown locations. The City also operates 3
          automatic count machines on the Midtown Greenway. That data is available at
          http://www.ci.minneapolis.mn.us/bicycles/MidtownCount.pdf. Between

                 U.S. Bicycling and Walking Benchmarking Project City Survey
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   2007 and 2008, bicycle traffic on the Midtown Greenway rose by approximately

4. This is a very difficult question to answer, since we don’t keep track of spending
   with a “biking or walking” tag. At the same time I know that we invest large
   amounts of resources and staff in biking and walking. I am very interested in
   knowing if there is a common model that could be developed for cities to provide
   answers to this question. Here are some thoughts for spending in Minneapolis
   (hopefully this relays why I struggled with this question and left it blank):
      a. We have all the staff mentioned in the notes on Question 5.
      b. We have a significant amount of spending that occurs on new bike
           projects, and much of this money comes from the federal government.
      c. Maintenance crews (I’m not sure how many) clear bike paths and
           sidewalks, maintain pedestrian push buttons and signal heads, paint
           crosswalks and bike lanes
      d. Several staff in our Traffic & Parking division handle bike/ped traffic
           concerns, rent out bike lockers, supervise and assist my colleagues and I
      e. Smaller consultant-led projects occasionally arise out of our Traffic &
           Parking office (e.g. a new Trail Crossing policy was developed in 2008)
      f. Bridge inspection crews inspect bike/ped bridges
      g. Elected officials debate/advocate for bike/ped projects and spending
      h. Police Department employees escort Critical Mass, investigate crime
           against bicyclists, report bike & pedestrian crashes with vehicles, conduct
           bicycle auctions
      i. Health Department staff recently developed a Safe Routes to School plan
      j. Attorneys review bike project contracts
      k. Communications staff write press releases and answer media inquiries on
           bicycling and sidewalk snow clearing
      l. Sustainability staff report on biking/walking benchmarks
      m. Community Planning & Economic Development staff write about
           biking/walking issues in community plans, launch new economic-related
           biking initiatives (like our current bike sharing project), or enforce/write
           zoning ordinance
      n. 311 operators field biking/sidewalk questions and complaints

5. Last year we reported 3 FTE. I’ve been giving a lot of thought to it, and I think
   we have more staff than Don Pflaum reported last year. This depends on your
   definition however. We have 19.3 “staff to work on bicycle/pedestrian issues”:
       a. 6 FTE Sidewalk Inspectors & Administration
       b. 6.5 FTE Engineering Staff for New Bike Projects
       c. 1 FTE Bicycle Recovery Staff in the MPD Property & Evidence
           Warehouse (this person picks up abandoned bicycles)
       d. 1 FTE NTP Project Coordinator
       e. 0.8 FTE Transportation Planners (2 at 0.4 FTE each)
       f. 4 FTE Bike Walk Ambassadors to do education/outreach (new staff as of
   This does not count our many maintenance crews, nor many others who devote
   small amounts of time (see spending notes above). It also does not count staff at

           U.S. Bicycling and Walking Benchmarking Project City Survey
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    the Minneapolis Park & Recreation Board (a separate gov’t agency), nor
    Hennepin County, the Minneapolis Public Schools, or the University of
    Minnesota. Please let know what you think about this way of tabulating. If your
    definition was very liberal, our numbers would likely hit at least 20-40.
10.     Our bike rack inventory was completed in 2006. We haven’t updated it since,
        and we know that the numbers have been growing.
11.     (this should say 12. – I had trouble changing the number!?) The City has a
        clear goal for increasing bikeways on page 16 of the Sustainability Report
        nnualReport.pdf), but for pedestrian facilities it’s more about the quality,
        since we have already have sidewalks on approximately 95% of our streets.
        The pedestrian goals are stated on pages 4-5 of the Transportation chapter of
        our Comprehensive Plan
16.     No for walking goals, yes for biking goals. The biking goal is on page 8 of
        the Results Minneapolis report (http://www.ci.minneapolis.mn.us/results-
18.     The City has an adopted Bicycle Master Plan map, passed in 2001:
        http://www.ci.minneapolis.mn.us/bicycles/bicycle-plans.asp. Currently
        it does not have a Pedestrian Master Plan, but one is under development:
       masterplan.asp. A full Bicycle Master Plan is also under development.
21.    Answers for questions #21 to 25 were given for the University of Minnesota
       only. Other universities in Minneapolis include Augsburg College,
       Minneapolis Community Technical College, Dunwoody Institute, St Thomas
       University, and North Central University.
25.    The University of Minnesota has a Transportation Plan which encourages
       biking and walking without setting out specific goals.
26.    Answers for questions #26, 27, & 29 were given for Minneapolis Public
       Schools only. There are approximately 30 additional charter schools that are
28.    2008 figures are for the 2008 to 2009 school year, 2007 figures are for the
       2007 to 2008 school year, and 2006 figures are for the 2006 to 2007 school
29.    Survey completed in 2006.
31.    Minneapolis has magnet schools, ELL, and school choice. The latter resulted
       in part due to desegregation policies.
33.    We have approximately 100 K-12 schools in Minneapolis. 6 schools have
       federal SRTS funding. 14 schools have local SRTS mini-grant funding.
       Approximately 5 schools have grassroots SRTS campaigns. Thus 25 out of
       100 schools have SRTS programs. In addition, Public Works locally funds
       staff time to examine improvements that can be made to school sites. So far
       75 out of 85 K-8 schools have been examined.
34.    Level of participation is approximately 30 students at each school. 30 X 25 is

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37.   Participation numbers detail those who participated in programming, not
      necessarily those who biked and walked. Again, 2007 figures are for the 2007
      to 2008 school year, and 2006 figures are for the 2006 to 2007 school year.
38.   The Minneapolis Park & Recreation Board offers a summer safety camp each
      year – one of the camps focuses on bicycling.
39.   Bicycle shops (approximately 5 out 20) offer several courses for free or a fee.
      Minneapolis Public Schools Community Education offer 2 courses a semester.
      Approximately 300 adults were reached by bike shops and Community
      Education. Bike Walk Ambassadors sponsored 4 League of American
      Bicyclists Road 1 courses and 2 League certified instructor trainings, resulting
      in 24 new League Certified instructors. A total of 35 adults were reached
      during these sponsored trainings.
40.   This year we underwent a major expansion of Bike Walk to Work Day. This
      website details all of the activity: http://www.bikewalkweek.org/
42.   The Minneapolis Bike Tour, put on by the Minneapolis Park and Recreation
      Board, began in 2007. The ride takes places on the Grand Rounds National
      Scenic Byway, the parkway system which circles through the city.
      Throughout the Tour, the route is closed to cars and was a huge success its
      first year with 4,700 people participating: www.minneapolisbiketour.com

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