The Eucharist by MikeJenny


									The Gospel of
       The Gospel of Matthew

   Matthew was the “favorite” gospel of the early
   in the early Church the order of NT books
    often varied, but Matthew was always the first
   most quoted by the early Church Fathers.
     Uniqueness of Matthew
Most orderly account of Jesus’ mission.
Emphasis of Jesus as teacher
Jesus as the fulfillment of the O.T.

Most dominant Gospel used for worship &
(e.g. Beatitudes, Golden Rule, the Lord’s Prayer)
        The Gospel of Matthew
                     The Author
   The author is not listed.
   We can say with confidence that he:
     was Jewish
     knew well the Old Testament

     could write elegant Greek (more so than Mark)

     makes greater use of numbers & deals more with
      money than the other gospels
            The Gospel of Matthew
                       The Author
   Tradition of Matthew as the author:
     Historically it was accepted that the Matthew
      the gospel writer was Matthew the apostle &
      tax collector :
          9:9 As Jesus was walking along, he saw a man called
           Matthew sitting at the tax booth; and he said to him,
           “Follow me.” And he got up and followed him.
          10:2 These are the names of the twelve apostles: first,
           Simon, also known as Peter, and his brother Andrew;
           James son of Zebedee, and his brother John; 3 Philip and
           Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector;
          The Gospel of Matthew
                        The Author
   Tradition of Matthew as the author:
          The testimony of the church fathers is
          unanimous in this view, and the tradition had
          been accepted by Christians at least as early as
          the 2nd Century up to modern times.

       Beginning in the 19th Century, however, scholars
        have increasingly questioned that traditional view.
       The Gospel of Matthew
                   The Author

Is it likely that someone other than Matthew
  wrote the gospel?

     Why or Why not?

Tax-collectors (especially in the 1st Century)
  were despised.
             The Gospel of Matthew
                 “The Jewish Gospel” ?
   Matthew is often described as the gospel
    written for a Jewish audience.
   Matthew:
     does not explain Jewish customs and terms
     Tries hard to show that Jesus was:
          the “Son of David”
          met the qualifications to be the Jewish Messiah

       Frequently quotes and interprets the Old Testament
        to illuminate Jesus’ life and mission
         The Gospel of Matthew
   Matthew alone cites Jesus saying:
      “… Go nowhere among the Gentiles, and enter
       no town of the Samaritans, but go rather to the
       lost sheep of the house of Israel. As you go,
       proclaim the good news, 'The kingdom of
       heaven has come near.’” (10:5-7)
      “I was sent only to the lost sheep of the house
       of Israel.” (15:24)
   Matthew emphasizes Jesus was perfectly obedient
    to the law:
        “Do not think that I have come to abolish the
         law or the prophets; I have come not to abolish
         but to fulfill.” (5:17)
        The Jewish Encyclopedia
        article on Matthew states:

 Thegospel of Matthew stands nearest to
 Jewish life and the Jewish mode of thinking.
 It was written for Judeo-Christians and
 made ample use of Aramaic.
             The Jewish Encyclopedia
             article on Matthew states:
   This is evidenced by the terms:
      "kingdom of heaven," instead of "kingdom of God"
      "son of David" for "the Messiah"
      "the holy city" and "the city of the great King" for
      Common use of the phrase "God of Israel"
Matthew 26-28
      The Passion, Death, &
Who was responsible for the death of Jesus?
Who abandoned Jesus or turned their back on
Who sought to help or defend Jesus?

One person responsible is mentioned in the
Two men could be included on multiple lists.
             Nicene Creed
For our sake he was crucified
                      Pontius Pilate
 Who was responsible for the
      death of Jesus?
Roman Soldiers           Put Jesus to death
Judas                    Betrayed Jesus
Pontius Pilate           Sentenced Jesus to die
Caiaphas (H.P.)          Condemned Jesus
Chief Priests & Elders   Had Jesus arrested & sent to
  (The Sanhedrin)          the High Priest
The crowd                Demanded death from Pilate
False witnesses          Testified against Jesus
    Who abandoned Jesus or
    turned their back on him?
Peter                       Denied knowing Jesus 3x
Peter, James, & John        Fell asleep while waiting
All the apostles (almost)   No one stood up for him
All the disciples           Deserted Jesus
The crowd                   Quickly turned against him
   Who sought to help or defend
The man who drew      Sought to physically defend
  his sword (Peter)     Jesus
Pilate                Claimed his innocence
Joseph of Arimathea   Buried Jesus
Three women           Stayed by Jesus
Simon of Cyrene       Carried the cross
Judas                 Returned money, acknowledged
                        Jesus’ innocence
Pilate’s wife         Wanted Pilate to have nothing to
                        do with Jesus
Woman at Bethany      Anointed Jesus
               Peter vs. Judas
They were both apostles
                          What’s the difference?
who betrayed him.

 Dante’s Inferno          “Abandon hope all ye who
 Despair vs. Hope           enter here.”
             Romans 3:21-25
             Romans 3:23-25a
21 But now the righteousness of God has been
   23 all have from the and are testified to
  manifested apart sinned law, thoughdeprived
     of the glory of God. the They are
  by the law and the prophets, 22 24 righteousness
  of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who
                freely by his grace through
   justified there is no distinction; 23 all have
  believe. For
    the and are deprived of Christ of God. 25
  sinned redemption in the glory Jesus, 24
   whom God set forth as an through the
  They are justified freely by his graceexpiation,
  redemption in Christ Jesus, 25 whom God set
         through faith, by his by his blood,
  forth as an expiation, through faith, blood,
  to prove his righteousness because of the
  forgiveness of sins previously committed,
             John 3:16-17
16 For God so loved the world that he gave his
  only Son, so that everyone who believes in
  him might not perish but might have eternal
17 For God did not send his Son into the world
  to condemn the world, but that the world might
  be saved through him.
      1 Corinthians 15:20-22
20 But in fact Christ has been raised from the
  dead, the first fruits of those who have fallen
21 For as by a man came death, by a man has
  come also the resurrection of the dead.
22 For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall
  all be made alive.
           The Resurrection

Is there any evidence for the resurrection?
The question is this: Which theory about what
  really happened in Jerusalem on that first
   Easter Sunday can account for the data?

                     Jesus died
Jesus died
                     Jesus didn't rise
Jesus rose
                        apostles were deceived
                        apostles were myth-makers
Jesus didn't die
                        apostles were deceivers
 Who were the first witnesses
    to the Resurrection?
Read Matthew 28
Introduction to the
        of the
Gospel of Matthew
     Read Matthew 1
            Is Matthew 1
        a good introduction?
It appears to be a horrible introduction.
Explain why.
But the answer is really-

Does it have a hook?
Does it have a thesis?
        Genealogy of Jesus
Abraham          14 generations
David                  14 generations
Babylonian Exile
Jesus                   14 generations
What is significant about
 the Babylonian Exile
     Abraham was the Father of the Faith
     David was the King of Israel
     the Babylonian Exile was the low point
  Are any women listed in the
The wife of Uriah
What is significant about each of the four Old
  Testament women?
        What is the “hook”?
Summarize     Verses:       names to know:
Tamar         Genesis 38      Judah
Rahab         Joshua 2        Joshua & spies
Ruth          Ruth 1          Naomi
The wife of   2 Samuel 11     Bathsheba &
 Uriah                        Uriah
Why did Matthew include
    these women?
            What is the thesis?
Matthew's genealogy is divided into three groups of
   14, representing a movement through three time
It outlines the beginnings, the high point, & the low
   point of the history of Israel.
The first group highlights the patriarchs, the second
   highlights the kings, and the third contains ordinary
Matthew also highlights the sin of some on the list.
      So what is the thesis?
The mission of Jesus is for:
 the good & the bad
 the powerful/wealthy & the weak/poor

   Compare the genealogies of
        Matthew & Luke.
starts with   Abraham          Jesus
ends with     Jesus            Adam
# gen.        41               77
location      start of ch. 1   end of ch. 3
# women       five             just Mary

lineage       Joseph           Mary (possibly)
   Some names are different.
Though nearly identical from Abraham to David,
 the two accounts are entirely different from
 David to Jesus.
After David, only the names of Shealtiel and
 Zerubbabel appear on both lists.
            Read Luke 1-3
Compare the introductions of Matthew & Luke.
     Introduction comparison
Matthew                      Luke
Genealogy at the beginning   Genealogy at the end
Focus on Joseph              Focus on Mary
Living in Bethlehem          Living in Nazareth
Birth in Joseph’s house      Birth in a manger
Herod’s decree               Roman census
Escape to Egypt              Journey to Bethlehem
Visit of Magi                Visit of shepherds
Star in the East             Birth of John the Baptist
                             Visit to Elizabeth
                             Circumcision of Jesus
       Why are they different
Different authors
Different audiences
Different sources

Does it affect the reliability of the text?
Matthew says that news of Mary’s pregnancy
  was announced only to Joseph…
 Luke, on the other hand, says that Gabriel
  appeared to Mary
they can’t both be true.
What do Matthew & Luke have
        in common?
Jesus, Mary, & Joseph
Miraculous virgin birth
Announcement by an angel
Visitors to bare witness to the event
Birth in Bethlehem
Life in Nazareth
                Matthew 4
Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the desert
 to be tempted by the devil.
               forty days and forty nights
He fasted for _______________________.

He was tempted by the devil ____ times.
              The temptation
The tempter approached and said to him,
"If you are the Son of God, command that these
  stones become loaves of bread."
He said in reply,
"It is written: 'One does not live by bread alone,
  but by every word that comes forth from the
  mouth of God.'"
Then the devil took him to the holy city, and made
  him stand on the parapet of the temple, and said
  to him,
"If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down.
  For it is written: 'He will command his angels
  concerning you and 'with their hands they will
  support you, lest you dash your foot against a
Jesus answered him,
"Again it is written, 'You shall not put the Lord,
  your God, to the test.'"
Then the devil took him up to a very high
  mountain, and showed him all the kingdoms of
  the world in their magnificence, and he said to
"All these I shall give to you, if you will prostrate
  yourself and worship me."

At this, Jesus said to him,
"Get away, Satan! It is written: 'The Lord, your
  God, shall you worship and him alone shall you
           What is the point?

Even the devil can quote Scripture for his own
   The Sermon on the Mount
Read Matthew 5:1-2
     Matthew 7:28-8:1

Who should this remind you of?
   The Sermon on the Mount
Three types of sayings:

Antithetic Statements
Warnings against Hypocrisy
Number: _______

Blessed are the ___________,
  for they will ____________________.
                   inherit the land
      Antithetic Statements
Number: _______

Murder is compared to ____________.

Adultery is compared to _____________.

“An eye for an eye”
 Warnings against Hypocrisy
Number: _______

Giving alms
Judging others
                 Matthew 8-9
Miracles:                 Calming of the storm at sea
Cleansing of a leper      Healing of the demoniacs
Healing of a              Healing of a paralytic
  Centurion’s servant     Cure of official’s daughter
Cure of Peter’s mother-   Cure of woman with a
  in-law                   hemorrhage
Other healings            Healing of two blind men
                          Healing of mute person
Matthew 8:5-9
Matthew 9:2
Matthew 9:27-31
   What do all the healing
  miracles have in common?
All involve people who were outcasts
  or of little standing in society.
Faith is displayed (or implied) by someone
  but not always by the person seeking healing
              Matthew 10
Mission of the 12
A cause of division
  read Mt 10:34-36
 Three parables only in Luke
Pharisee & Tax Collector
Luke 18:9-14         What does it take to
                      A willingness to follow
                            get to the
                          the will of God
Prodigal Son        kingdom of heaven?
Luke 15:11-32
                       What did the Pharisee,
                           the older son,
Good Samaritan             Pride
                      and the Priest & Levite
Luke 10:29-37            have in common?
   Parable of the Ten Virgins
Matthew 25

What was the main message?

To be prepared for the coming of Christ.
How Many will enter the
 kingdom of Heaven.
           The Narrow Gate
Matthew 7:13-14
"Enter through the narrow gate;
for the gate is wide and the road broad that leads
  to destruction,
and those who enter through it are many.
How narrow the gate and constricted the road
  that leads to life. And those who find it are
   Death of John the Baptist
Matthew 14:3-11
   Canaanite Woman’s Faith
Matthew 15:21-28
          Matthew 16:13-20
Peter’s Confession about Jesus
   Conditions of Discipleship
Matthew 16:24-27

Who is the greatest?
            Matthew 21:12
Cleansing of the Temple
   Destruction of the Temple
Matthew 24:1
           Matthew 24:4-13
See that no one deceives you.
Review for Test

To top