Slide 1 - Poudre School District

					           Presented by

         Bryan Hanson
      Poudre Fire Authority

Colorado Certified School Inspector
       ICC Fire Inspector I
Fire Suppression System Inspector
       Firefighter/Engineer/EMT
      School Fire Safety:

   Why do we have School Inspections?

   What are “Fire Codes” and how do
    they apply to schools.
                Objectives
   Become familiar with the International Fire
    Code (IFC) regulations regarding the use of
    combustible decorative materials, artwork,
    and teaching materials in Educational
    Occupancies.
                 Objectives
   Become familiar with the IFC regulations
    regarding Fire Protection Systems,
    Electrical Wiring Hazards, Fire Resistive,
    Construction, and General Precautions
    against Fire in Educational Occupancies.
             Objectives
 Become   familiar with the IFC
 regulations regarding corridors, exit
 aisles, and exit doors in Educational
 Occupancies.
             Objectives cont.
   To understand the steps taken when
    infractions are found

   Corrections and Timeline

   Actions taken for “failure to comply”
              Intent of the Fire Code
   Intent: “The purpose of these codes are to establish the
    minimum requirements consistent with nationally
    recognized good practice for providing a reasonable
    level of life safety and property protection from the
    hazards of fire, explosion or dangerous conditions in
    new and existing buildings, and to provide safety to
    the firefighters and emergency responders during
    emergency operations.”
                                          Source: IFC Section 101.3


    *All references will be taken out of the International Fire Code 2006 edition
            Code Requirements
   The 2006 International Fire Code (IFC) has
    general requirements that apply to most
    occupancy types, as well as specific code
    requirements that apply to Educational
    Occupancies.
   Some of these codes relate specifically to
    corridors, while others are general requirements.
 Why do we have school
     inspections?
           Inspection of the schools are:


    Fire Safety Inspections!

 To keep the occupants and firefighters Safe inside
  and while exiting the building
 To educate school personnel
    When do you, Teachers, Principals
    or Custodians get ready for school
              inspections?



   Fire Safety is year round. Not just the 2
    months the inspectors are making their
    rounds. It is up to you to keep the school
    safe when occupied.
                   The Issues
   Some classrooms and corridors in the district
    exceed the permissible amounts of combustible
    materials placed on walls and ceilings, creating
    an increased level of fire risk.
   Some classrooms in the district have created
    conditions that reduce the ability for occupants
    to either recognize or easily access means of
    egress doors.
             Issues cont.
 Some  corridors in the district do not
  meet the minimum clear width of
  egress routs.
 Storage of combustible materials.

 Breaks in Fire resistive construction.
            Issues cont.
 Electrical equipment and wiring hazards
  (workspace clearance,
  unapproved/unprotected power taps,
  temporary wiring).
 Obstructed fire protection equipment.

 Fire evacuation plans.

 Storage in mechanical rooms.
Combustible Materials Issues
                   Definitions
   Decorative Materials: All materials applied
    over the building interior finish for decorative,
    acoustical or other effect (such as curtains,
    draperies, fabrics, streamers, and surface
    coverings), and all other materials utilized for
    decorative effect (such as batting, cloth, cotton,
    hay, stalks, straw, vines, leaves, trees, moss and
    similar items), including foam plastics and
    material containing foam plastics.
                                 Source: 2006 IFC section 202
            Code Requirements
   General Requirement - Combustible
    Decorative Materials: The permissible amount of
    decorative materials shall not exceed 10 percent
    (10%) of the aggregate area of walls and ceilings.
   This requirement applies to office areas,
    classrooms, corridors, etc. in most types of
    occupancies, including Educational Occupancies,
    but does not pertain to artwork and teaching
    materials.
                              Source: 2006 IFC section 807.1.2
                         Definitions
   Artwork and Teaching Materials: While not
    specifically defined by the 2006 International
    Fire Code, this refers to items used or created by
    students and/or teachers for the purpose of
    learning that are made in part or in whole with
    combustible materials (as defined in the previous
    slide) which are displayed on walls or ceilings in
    Educational Occupancies.
    Source: 2006 International Fire Code and Commentary section 807.4.3.2
            Code Requirements
   Specific Requirement – Artwork: Artwork
    and teaching materials shall be limited on the
    walls of corridors not to more than 20 percent
    (20%) of the wall area.
   Artwork, teaching materials, and other
    combustible decorative materials are not
    permitted on the ceilings in corridors.
   These requirements are specific to means of
    egress corridors in Educational Occupancies.
                           Source: 2006 IFC section 807.4.3.2
     Excessive Combustible Materials in
                Classrooms:
Exceeds 10% area of combustible materials on walls and ceiling area.
Partial tent- delaying the response of the sprinkler activation due to heat
buildup at the top. Temporary display only, and must be flame retardant
The fabric exceeds the permissible amount of decorative materials
                       of the corridor walls




              Alternative Solution: Flame retardant fabric
Excessive Combustible Materials in Corridors:
  Exceeds 20% combustible material wall area coverage in a corridor.
Exceeding the 20% allotment of combustible
        material on corridor walls
        Alternative Solutions
 Use rolls of pre-treated fire-retardant
  construction paper.
 Use accent paint colors on walls, if
  approved by the District, instead of
  applying combustible decorative materials
  and wall coverings.
 Use tack strips to mount artwork and
  teaching materials to walls.
Alternative Solutions: Tack Strips
Alternative Solutions: Flame-Retardant Paper
    Possible Alternative Solutions: Murals on walls or Plexiglas
    covered art work

Although these are not solutions for every
corridor, just different options
Exiting Issues
             Code Requirements
   Specific Requirement - Storage in corridors and
    lobbies: Clothing and personal effects shall not be
    stored in corridors and lobbies.
   Exceptions:
      Corridors protected by an approved automatic
       sprinkler system.
      Corridors protected by an approved smoke
       detection system.
      Storage in metal lockers, provided the minimum
       require egress width is maintained.
                             Source: 2006 IFC section 807.4.3.1
               Code Requirements
   Exit Doors: Means of egress doors shall be
    readily distinguishable from the adjacent
    construction and finishes such that the doors are
    easily recognizable as doors.
   Means of egress doors shall not be concealed by
    curtains, drapes, decorations, or similar
    materials.
    Source: IFC section 1008.1
           Exit Door (continued)




Not only is this door difficult to indentify, but access to it is partially
                              obstructed.
              Obscured Exit Door




This exit door could be very difficult to locate, especially to new visitors
                              in the room
Excessive Decorations & Combustible Materials on
        Exit Doors / Doors blocked open:
    Doors should not be decorated and should not be blocked open while vacant.
Do you see the exit doors?




 The International Fire Code states that all egress doors must
  be readily distinguishable from the adjacent construction.
    The mural painting on these doors (in another school
     district) is a clear violation of this code requirement.
  Most people would have a difficult time identifying these
        doors in the event of an emergency evacuation.
           Code Requirements

 Required exit accesses, exits or exit discharges shall be
   continuously maintained free from obstructions or
impediments to full instant use in the case of fire or other
emergencies including the accumulation of Snow and Ice.



              Source: IFC 2006 Section 1028.2-1028.3
These are both Primary Exits
Exit Doors: Exits shall be unobstructed at all times.
              Source: IFC section 1015.2




           These doors are not broken.
Exit Doors: Exits shall be unobstructed at all times.
                Source: IFC section 1015.2
            Code Requirements
   Corridor Width:
   The minimum width shall be 72 inches in
    Educational Occupancies with a corridor having
    a capacity of 100 or more.


                Source: IFC section 1017.2
Corridor unobstructed width is only 36 inches in
             places, less in others
         Obstructed Exit Doors and Corridor:
Combustible materials at the exit doors and 72” corridor not maintained.
Obstructed Corridor:
 72” corridor not maintained.
Each one of these exit way’s has the possibility to
dump 100 students with teachers into them at any
                               time
This corridor maintains its 72” width and having
   everything to one side it also maintains an
           unobstructed path of egress
              Definitions
 Fire Protection System:
 Approved devices, equipment and systems
  used to detect a fire, activate an alarm,
  extinguish or control a fire.
                  Source: IFC Section 902
           Code Requirements
   Portable or fixed fire-extinguishing systems
    or devices and fire-warning systems shall
    not be rendered inoperative or
    inaccessible except as necessary during
    emergencies, maintenance, repairs,
    alterations, drills or prescribed testing.

                            Source: IFC Section 107.4
Inaccessible alarm pull station
Portable Fire Extinguishers shall not be obstructed or
obscured from view           Source: IFC Section 906.6




     The door to this cabinet will not open far
     enough to get the extinguisher out if needed
             Code Requirements
           Fire-Resistance-Rated Construction:
   The required fire-resistance-rated construction shall be
    maintained and properly repaired or replaced when
    damaged, with approved methods capable of resisting
    the passage of smoke and fire.



                      Source: IFC Section 703.1
    This is a breached fire rated ceiling
Tiles need to be in place at all times to maintain the rating
    Miscellaneous Combustible Materials
                  Storage
   Ceiling clearance:
   Storage shall be maintained 2 feet or more
    below the ceiling in non sprinkled areas of
    buildings or a minimum of 18 inches below
    sprinkler head deflectors in sprinkled area of
    buildings.


                               Source: IFC Section 315.2.1
The water cone has no chance to
       spread laterally
      Need to maintain 18” below the head.
    Miscellaneous Combustible Materials
                  Storage
   Means of Egress: Combustible materials shall
    not be stored in exits or exit enclosures.
                               Source: IFC Section 315.2.2




   Equipment Rooms: Combustible material shall
    not be stored in boiler rooms, mechanical rooms
    or electrical equipment rooms.

                                Source: IFC Section 315.2.3
Combustible storage in an electrical equipment room. The
door with the red sign leads to another mechanical room.
The same door leading to the mechanical room
    Electrical Equipment, Wiring and Hazards

   Working space and clearance:
     A working space of not less than 30 inches in
      width, 36 inches in depth and 78 inches in
      height shall be provided in front of electrical
      service equipment. No storage of any
      materials shall be located within the
      designated working space.
                            Source: IFC Section 605.3
No storage in the designated work space of
          less than 30”x36”x72”




         Combustible storage in electrical equipment rooms
     Portable Electric Space Heaters

   Portable electric space heaters shall not be
    operated within 3 feet of any combustible
    materials. Portable electric space heaters
    shall be operated only in locations for
    which they are listed. Portable electric
    space heaters shall not be plugged into
    extension cords.
                       Source: IFC Section 605.10.3 – 605.10.4
 Portable electric space heaters shall not be
operated within 36” of combustible material
      Electrical Equipment, Wiring and Hazards
   Multiplug Adapter, such as cube adapters,
    unfused plug strips or any other devices not
    complying with the ICC Electrical Code shall be
    prohibited.                  Source: IFC Section 605.4.1
Un-fused Plug strip
Un-fused Multi Plug Adapter
Power tap design: Relocatable power taps shall be of
 the polarized or grounded type, equipped with over
current protection, and shall be listed in accordance
                     with UL 1363




                                     Source: IFC Section 605.4.1
Power Supply: Relocatable power taps shall be directly
  connected to a permanently installed receptacle
                                                 Source: IFC Section 605.4.2




           This is also known as “Piggyback power taps”
   Correct Solution




Extension cords shall serve one portable appliance
              Extension Cords
   Extension cords shall be plugged directly into an
    approved receptacle, power tap or multiplug
    adapter and shall serve only one appliance.
   Extension cord ampacity shall not be less than
    the rated capacity of the portable appliance
    supplied by the cord.



                 Source: IFC Sections 605.5.1 – 605.5.2
          Extension Cords
 Extension cords shall be maintained in
  good condition without splices,
  deterioration or damage.
 Extension cords shall be grounded when
  serving grounded portable appliances.


                      Source: IFC Sections 605.5.3 – 605.5.4
           Extension Cord cont.
   Extension cords and flexible cords shall not be a
    substitute for permanent wiring. Extension
    cords and flexible cords shall not be affixed to
    structures, extended through walls, ceilings or
    floors, or under doors or floor coverings, nor
    shall such cords be subject to environmental
    physical damage.

                         Source: IFC Section 605.5
Bridge to protect the power cord
Relocatable power taps shall be directly connected to
         a permanently installed receptacle




 Power taps shall plug into the wall outlets. Silver power tap is overloaded
Cords shall not pass through doors, walls ect.
           Temporary Wiring
 Temporary wiring for electrical power and
  lighting installations is allowed for a period
  not to exceed 90 days.
 This includes extension cords in place of
  temporary wiring.

                     Source: IFC Section 605.9
    Fire Evacuation Plans
 Fireevacuation plans should be
 placed, if possible, on the primary exit
 door.
Beware of Exit Traps
Questions, comments, or ideas?
Thank you!

				
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