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Chapter 1 Summary of Activities

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					USA                  AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                     Final - Date: 30 September 2001



                                     Appendix F: Excerpts from USA Work Plan

This appendix contains portions of the USA Work Plan – Former Fort Ord, California, relevant to the
daily operations for OE sampling and removal. The complete USA Work Plan is on file at the DENR
Information Repository. Also reproduced is the USACE SS/GS operator’s manual. This appendix
includes:

                                                                     page
           •       USA Work Plan Chapter 4: Disposal Methods ……………………. 4-1

           •       USA Work Plan Chapter 5: UXO Operational Plan……………….. 5-1

           •       USA Work Plan Chapter 6: Quality Control Plan…………………. 6-1

           •       USA Work Plan Chapter 8: Surveying and Mapping Plan………… 8-1

           •       USA Work Plan Appendix F: Standing Operating Procedures……..F-1

               •    Hantavirus....................................................................................   F1-1
               •    Disposal / Demolition Operations................................................                 F2-1
               •    Explosives Storage and Accountability.......................................                     F3-1
               •    Transportation of Explosives.......................................................              F4-1
               •    Backhoe Operations.....................................................................          F5-1
               •    Explosive Storage Location..........................................................             F6-1
               •    Brush Chipping Operations..........................................................              F7-1
               •    Mechanical Means for Vegetation Removal................................                          F8-1
               •    Respiratory Protection..................................................................         F9-1
               •    Injury Action Plan......................................................................…        F10-1

           •       USACE Site/Grid Statistical Sampling Based Methodology SOP




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                                  Task Order Numbers 0001 and 0002, Contract Number DACA87-96-D-0019
USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001




4.0 GENERAL
This chapter describes the methods USA uses to treat Unexploded Ordnance (UXO), Ordnance Scrap
and other debris.

4.1 TREATMENT METHODS
USA treats materials and debris generated and/or recovered during operations at the former Fort Ord
using the procedures/methods outlined below:

4.1.1 TREATMENT OF UXO
UXO is defined as a military munition that contains explosive, pyrotechnic or a chemical agent and has
been primed, fuzed, armed or otherwise prepared for action and which has been fired, placed, dropped,
launched or projected and remains unexploded by design or malfunction. An item of explosive
ordnance, which has failed to function as designed or has been abandoned, discarded or improperly
disposed of and is still capable of functioning, causing damage to personnel or material. These can be,
but are not limited to, high-explosive warheads, rocket motors, practice munitions with spotting
charges, torpedoes, artillery and mortar ammunition, grenades, incendiary munitions, electroexplosive
devices and propellant-actuated devices. Fuzes with live explosive boosters or dets are classified as
UXO. Some kick-outs from open detonation or open burn operations may be UXO. All UXO are
potentially dangerous and cannot be released for public use without being rendered safe (neutralized,
vented, detonated, decontaminated or demilitarized). All UXO encountered during operations that are
fuzed and fired, armed, damaged or otherwise determined to be too hazardous to move are destroyed in
place by detonation. If doubt exists as to the condition of UXO it is assumed to be armed/hazardous
and blown in place. Items determined to be safe to move may be consolidated on site or transported to
a demolition location. All demolition operations are performed using standard demolition practices
outlined in Technical Manual (TM) 60A-1-1-31 and applicable/appropriate TM-60 (Series)
publications. The preferred method of firing demolition charges is electric. This method provides the
greatest safety for the UXO technician and is a cost effective method of treating the UXO. During
demolition operations USA ensures that:
• The area is clear and remains clear of personnel;
• Demolition shots are configured in a manner which precludes fragments from entering inhabited
    areas;
• Positive control over the detonation is maintained.
All bulk, scattered or unpackaged explosives are treated by detonation. Treatment is performed in the
same manner as outlined above.

4.1.2 TREATMENT OF ORDNANCE SCRAP
Military munitions or components thereof which contain no explosive, pyrotechnic or chemical agent
are ordnance scrap. These can be, but are not limited to, practice munitions without spotting charges,
drill rounds, inert training munitions or expended ejection munitions. Fragments of military munitions
which have functioned as designed or were recovered from areas where munitions have been
intentionally destroyed are ordnance scrap if they have no explosive, pyrotechnic or chemical filler.
These items pose no imminent threat to public safety but may require venting or some other action
prior to release from government control.
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                               Task Order Numbers 0001 and 0002, Contract Number DACA87-96-D-0019
USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001




Practice, Expended or Inert Munitions
Practice, expended or inert munitions may when necessary be treated by explosively opening the
munitions case (venting), physically inspecting the filler, stockpiling the ordnance scrap and turning
the scrap in to a commercial scrap metal dealer. This method ensures that the filler of each piece of
"potentially" inert ordnance is physically exposed and inspected and precludes the possibility of
transferring an explosively laden piece of ordnance off site.

Fragments of Ordnance
Within each search grid USA establishes a collection point for ordnance scrap metals (i.e. bomb and
projectile fragments). Throughout operations in the search grid recovered ordnance scrap is placed at
the collection point. Following completion of operations in each search grid items are physically
inspected by a UXO Supervisor or SUXO to ensure that they are free of explosives or explosive
contamination. They are then consolidated at a centralized collection point. When sufficient material
has been collected to make its treatment cost effective the material is turned in to a local scrap metal
dealer. The DD Form 1348-1 (Release/Receipt Document) for the ordnance scrap metal will be signed
and annotated by one of USA’s SUXOS prior to this ordnance scrap being released to the civilian
scrap metal dealer.

4.1.3 TREATMENT OF OTHER SCRAP
Other scrap (i.e. pipe, banding, wheels, etc.) is not removed unless requested by DENR. An estimate
of additional costs are given to the COR for approval before the removal of other scrap is
accomplished.

4.1.4 TRASH/DEBRIS
General trash/debris is collected in trash bags at the operating site and transferred to dumpsters
adjacent to USA’s office area. When full and upon completion of the project the dumpsters will be
picked up and disposed of through a local refuse collection service company. No debris with explosive
residue is disposed of in dumpsters.

4.1.5 BRUSH AND VEGETATION
USA disposes of all cut brush and vegetation when in habitat management areas by chipping the
material and spreading the residue over the site as directed by USACE and installation representatives.
USA anticipates that significant quantities of this material will be generated and this method will
ensure the maximum amount of bio-mass is returned to the environment. When cut vegetation
contains poison oak, USA evaluates on a case-by-case basis the feasibility of chipping the vegetation.
Any significant quantities of poison oak will not be chipped.

4.2 SUMMARY
The treatment methods used by USA at the former Fort Ord include:
• Detonation of all UXO items ( UXO items determined hazardous to move are detonated in place);
• Explosive venting when necessary of inert ordnance items (ordnance scrap);
• Off-site disposal of ordnance scrap metal by turning in the scrap to a local scrap metal dealer;
• Disposal of general trash and debris through a commercial refuse collection service;
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                                                                                                                  Page F-2-3
                               Task Order Numbers 0001 and 0002, Contract Number DACA87-96-D-0019
USA               AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                  Final - Date: 30 September 2001



•   Disposal of brush and vegetation in habitat areas by chipping the debris and spreading the residue
    across the site.




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                              Task Order Numbers 0001 and 0002, Contract Number DACA87-96-D-0019
USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001




                                         Chapter 5: UXO Operational Plan

5.0 INTRODUCTION
This plan outlines the procedures USA uses to perform UXO detection and removal operations at
former Fort Ord, California. This plan is based on information obtained during USA's current
operations at former Fort Ord.

5.1 GENERAL
USA is performing operations at the former Fort Ord site in a systematic manner using proven
operating techniques and methods. This plan describes the methodology USA uses to accomplish
these activities.

5.2 COORDINATE WITH LOCAL AGENCIES
All coordination with the Government is through the Corps of Engineers, Sacramento District
(CESPK). The USA PM coordinates with the following agencies:
• Local utility companies, vendors and suppliers to coordinate for goods and services required for
    supporting operations;
• Local Employment Office to coordinate screening and hiring of any local labor;
• The former Fort Ord’s Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) manager and the USACE COR, to
    reconfirm the operating priorities/schedules and to identify any modified requirements or changes
    in the Scope of Work (SOW).

5.3 ORGANIZE SUPPORT FACILITIES AND TEST COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT
USA is using existing facilities for its field office and to store operating equipment and explosives.
These facilities are adequate for performance of the task orders.

5.3.1 FIELD OFFICE AND STORAGE FACILITIES
USA maintains its administrative office and equipment storage in facilities provided by former Fort
Ord. These facilities consist of permanent structures under the control of former Fort Ord and contain
running water, sanitary sewers, telephone service (office only) and electrical power.

5.3.2 EXPLOSIVE STORAGE
USA stores explosives in existing magazines located in the Explosive Storage Location (ESL). These
buildings are approved above-ground magazines. USA stores bulk explosives in one magazine and
initiating explosives in a different magazine. Each magazine is secured by a high security padlock.
The magazine containing the bulk high explosives is additionally secured by Joint Service Intrusion
Detection System (JSIDS) operated by the Federal Guard unit located on the POM-Annex.

5.3.3 COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT
USA inspects and tests all required additional site communications equipment. There is a radio net in
place and maintenance of the radios and daily operational checks of emergency notification procedures
are performed by on-site personnel. These inspections and tests ensure that the equipment is


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                                                                                                                  Page F-2-5
                               Task Order Numbers 0001 and 0002, Contract Number DACA87-96-D-0019
USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



serviceable and provides reliable communications during operational activities. Equipment inspected
includes:
• All radio communication equipment used to maintain communications between the field office,
    emergency services and the operating site;
• Cellular telephones and service used for back-up communications between the field office,
    emergency services and the operating site.

5.4 HIRE AND ASSEMBLE WORK FORCE
USA has hired personnel locally to perform brush-cutting activities, schedule and perform
maintenance on equipment and perform routine clerical and administrative duties. The laborers
perform duties on-site and work with a UXO Technician for UXO avoidance. As part of its hiring
practices USA requires all personnel to pass a pre-employment physical and undergo a substance abuse
test. All employees, regardless of position, must successfully pass the substance abuse screening to be
or to remain employed by USA.

USA times the arrival of UXO personnel in a manner that is consistent with cost management
principles. Arrival is timed to ensure that upon deployment personnel immediately become
productively and continuously engaged in training and operations.

5.4.1 SITE SPECIFIC TRAINING FOR PERSONNEL
As part of the mobilization process USA performs site specific training for all new personnel assigned
to this project. The purpose of this training is to ensure that all supervisors and site personnel fully
understand: (1) the procedures and methods USA uses to perform operations at the former Fort Ord
site; (2) their individual duties and responsibilities and (3) any and all safety and environmental
practices/procedures associated with operations. All personnel are trained as they arrive. Training
topics/issues and training responsibilities are as follows:
• UXO Supervisors receive detailed training on this work plan and associated sub-plans. This
    training is conducted by the PM, SUXOS and SSOs.
• UXO Supervisors receive operational briefings and training sessions pertaining to their individual
    responsibilities and daily activities. This training is conducted by the SUXOS and monitored by
    SSOs.
• The remaining UXO Technicians and support personnel receive operational briefings and training
    on their duties and responsibilities. This training is performed by the UXO Supervisors under the
    direction and supervision of the SUXOS.
• All personnel receive training on the individual equipment they will operate while on-site.
• All site personnel receive detailed training on the Site Specific Health and Safety Plan (SSHP) and
    Site Specific Environmental Protection Plan. The SSOs present this training under the direct
    supervision of the PM.

5.5 PUBLIC AWARENESS ACTIVITIES
USA may be required to participate in public awareness activities. When the need to participate in
these activities arises USA is ready to cooperate. USA is fully cognizant of the requirement that all
public announcements and requests for information be forwarded through the COR and the Presidio of
Monterey (POM) Public Affairs Office ( PAO). USA does not make available or publicly disclose any
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                                                                                                                  Page F-2-6
                               Task Order Numbers 0001 and 0002, Contract Number DACA87-96-D-0019
USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



data generated or reviewed under this contract or any subcontract unless specifically authorized by the
Contracting Officer (CO) and the Presidio of Monterey PAO. When approached by any person or
entity requesting information about the subject of the contract, USA defers to PAO for response.

5.6 OPERATIONS
USA performs the activities required to complete individual work areas. These activities include:
• Subdividing work areas into operating grids;
• Removing vegetation and/cutting brush or burning of vegetation to gain access into the operating
   grid;
• Sampling areas using SiteStats/GridStats, 100% Grid Sampling, GeoPhysical Survey or Expanded
   Site Investigation;
• Performing OE Removal activities in designated operating grids;
• Searching operating grids for UXO (using magnetometers or geophysical survey techniques);
• Excavating/investigating UXO and sub-surface anomalies;
• Treating the UXO and Ordnance Scrap that may require venting or demilitarization;
• Performance of Quality Control (QC) inspections of work in-progress and completed;
• Preparation of a work area After Action Report.

An organization chart for USA activities is provided on the following page. The following
subparagraphs describe the general work practices that USA follows during all operations and the
specific procedures and methods USA uses to perform the activities listed above.

5.6.1 GENERAL SITE PRACTICES
All operational activities at the former Fort Ord are performed under the supervision and direction of
qualified UXO Technicians. Non-UXO qualified personnel are prohibited from entering the operating
areas or performing operations unless they are physically accompanied and supervised by an UXO
Technician. Throughout operations, USA strictly adheres to the following general practices:

5.6.1.1 Work Hours: Operations are conducted during daylight hours only. USA works four 10-hour
days with five 8-hour days as an option. In no case will hourly personnel work more than ten hours in
any one day, or more than forty hours in any one week at UXO tasks unless specifically authorized by
the COR.

5.6.1.2 Site Access: USA strictly controls access into operating areas and limits access to only those
personnel necessary to accomplish the specific operations or those who have a specific purpose and
authorization to be on the site. USA works with DENR and the USACE OE Safety Specialist when
working outside the Multiple Range Area (MRA) to control access when public access roads cannot be
closed during UXO operations.

5.6.1.3 Handling of UXO: Only qualified UXO Technicians handle UXO items. Laborers and other
non-UXO qualified site personnel are emphatically instructed and carefully supervised to ensure that
they do not handle any UXO. Ordnance scrap is not handled or touched unless a UXO Technician has
checked it.

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                                                                                                                  Page F-2-7
                               Task Order Numbers 0001 and 0002, Contract Number DACA87-96-D-0019
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 USA Environmental, Inc.

                                                                                                                                                                                                           US Army Corps of Engineers    US Army Corps of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Huntsville, AL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Chapter 3 Pres
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Engineers Monterey
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 USA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      CX                                                                                   Manager, Human Resource
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Project Office                                                            R. Kerr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        MAJ D Rodeschin, COR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         C. Huckins, Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Manager, Finance/Contracts
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Chapter 13 Vic                      J. Blue

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Lines of Control
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Chapter 4 Manag
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Lines of Coordination                                          Chapter 21 P
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Final - Date: 30 September 2001




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Geo Information System                             Administrative/Logistical
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 GIS Manager                                     Project Administrator
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   P. Reanier           Chapter 16 U                    A. Cota             Chapter 20 Qu        Chapter 22 Sit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        XO Operation                                        ality Control        e Safety


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Brush Team
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Chapter                   Section 1/2         Field Office Admin
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      M. Crownover
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        --THIS POLICY IS STRICTLY ADHERED TO--




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Chapter 1




Task Order Numbers 0001 and 0002, Contract Number DACA87-96-D-0019
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Chapter 15 G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Chapter 1                   Chapter 19 D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA




                                                                                                                                                                                                             Chapte Chapte Chapte Chapte Chapte Chapte Chapte Chapte Chapte Chapte




                                                                                  _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                                                                                                                                             XO     XO     XO     XO     XO     XO     XO     XO     XO     XO




                                                                     Page F-2-8
USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001




5.6.1.4 Safety Training/Briefing: USA routinely conducts three distinct safety meetings and
briefings: daily general briefing, daily tailgate safety briefings and weekly UXO Supervisor safety
meetings. All visitors to the site also receive a safety briefing. Additionally, if at any time degradation
of safety or a safety issue warrants review the SUXOS may hold a safety stand-down.

•   Daily General Briefings: The SSOs conduct the daily general briefing for all personnel at the
    support compound prior to beginning work. The briefing covers general hazards for the project
    and any new safety issues or hazards identified since the last briefing.

•   Daily Tailgate Safety Briefings: The UXO Supervisor in charge of each operating team conducts
    Tailgate safety briefings. A written record of this training and the signatures of personnel attending
    the training is maintained. The training focuses on the specific hazards anticipated at the team’s
    work site during that day’s operations and the safety measures used to eliminate or mitigate those
    hazards. It also refers to other teams and operations within the area whose proximity may have
    safety ramifications. If during the work day the team’s location changes within a site, or from site-
    to-site, corresponding changes in ingress/egress routes and emergency evacuation routes will also
    be reviewed during a tailgate briefing. The SSOs randomly monitor these sessions.

•   Weekly UXO Supervisor Safety Meetings: When required, the SSOs will hold a weekly safety
    briefing for all UXO Supervisors. This training focuses on safety issues observed during the past
    week, any newly identified safety issues and any needed/required safety or operational refresher
    training. Although scheduled weekly, these training briefings may held anytime there is a
    significant change in site hazards or upon modification of site safety procedures.

•   Visitor(s) Safety Briefings: Site visitors must receive a safety briefing prior to entering the
    operating area and must be escorted at all times by a SSO, SUXO or the USACE Site Safety
    Representative. The Visitor’s Site Safety Briefing is documented and maintained by the SSO.

5.6.1.5 Environmental Awareness: There are numerous species of flora and fauna at the former Fort
Ord that are endangered, threatened or protected. These species are reviewed during site specific
training in an effort to instill an awareness of recognition features and correct procedures to follow
when these species are encountered. Protective measures and procedures are reviewed to ensure all
personnel remain current as the remediation effort progresses and the work crews change locations and
encounter or re-encounter these species. The primary means of reducing impact on any of these
species is avoidance if at all possible. When avoidance is not possible UXO operations will be
conducted giving as much consideration to non-disturbance as is consistent with safely accomplishing
the objectives of the remediation project (see Chapter 10, para 10.6). The USA PM coordinates
through the USACE OE Safety Specialist, the former Fort Ord Environmental Office and DENR
whenever cutting of trees or vegetation is required or intrusive work is necessary in or near pools,
ponds or wetlands. Safety and operational briefs promote environmental awareness for supervisory
personnel throughout the duration of USA’s operations.



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                               Task Order Numbers 0001 and 0002, Contract Number DACA87-96-D-0019
USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



5.6.1.6 Safety and Environmental Violations: Safety violations or unsafe acts will be immediately
reported to the SSO. Failure to comply with safety rules/regulations or failure to report violations may
result in immediate termination of employment. Reckless interference with sensitive species or blatant
disregard for environmental issues are likewise not tolerated and may lead to termination of
employment.

5.6.1.7 Work Clothing and Field Sanitation: Personnel wear work clothing appropriate for the
conditions encountered on the particular site. In most cases this is Level “D” Personal Protective
Equipment (PPE).
• Coveralls are supplied by USA and must be worn by all personnel while working on sites with
    poison oak. When required for protection against poison oak, clean coveralls are donned each
    morning, and may be changed during the course of the workday should excessive contamination
    occur. Coveralls will be taped at the ankles;
• Footwear is sturdy work boots or rubber boots as appropriate (i.e., lug sole and of sufficient height
    for ankle support). Brush team personnel wear steel toed boots when using chain saws;
• Hand protection consists of leather or canvas work gloves when appropriate. Rubber inner or outer
    gloves may be required when dealing with poison oak or during other activities where increased
    protection is required;
• Safety glasses, face shields, respirators, hearing protection, hard hats and protective chaps or
    aprons are available and worn when engaged in activities where their use is prudent or required;
• Tennis/running shoes are not worn in the field and abbreviated attire such as tank tops or shorts are
    permitted only under coveralls.

Each team is outfitted with field decontamination equipment consisting of portable eye-wash kits,
containers of wash water, paper towels, soap, rubbing alcohol and poison oak anti-irritants, containers
for contaminated clothing and trash collection and a ground cloth. Prior to commencing operations
each day, these facilities must be in place and ready for use in the vicinity of the team’s work area as
needed. Good housekeeping and decontamination measures are practiced.

There are shower facilities at the support compound and those teams engaged in operations where
significant encounters with poison oak occur shower before departing the support compound. This
requirement changes from site to site and is used on an as-needed basis. Soap and towels are provided
and towels used for this purpose are only used one time before laundering.

5.6.1.8 Compliance with Plans and Procedures: USA conducts operations at the former Fort Ord
site in a systematic manner using proven operating methods and techniques. Operations are on-going
simultaneously at multiple sites. All of these activities are conducted under the direction, supervision
and observation of qualified UXO supervisory and safety personnel and in compliance with approved
plans and established procedures. When operational parameters change, with a corresponding
requirement to change procedures or routines, careful evaluation of such changes are conducted by on-
site supervisory personnel in close liaison with the USACE OE Safety Representative. Any new
course of action or desired change in procedures is submitted, with justification, for approval by the
USACE OE Safety Representative. Such changes are implemented in a manner that ensures
uniformity of procedures and end-product quality on the part of the various teams.
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                               Task Order Numbers 0001 and 0002, Contract Number DACA87-96-D-0019
USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001




5.6.1.9 Preparation of Work Areas: Procedures for preparation of the work areas vary from site to
site. Prior to initiating work on a new site it is reviewed by the SUXOS who determine what
preparatory measures are needed.
• Clearance of Access Routes. In some cases, dirt roads and tracks into a site may require repair or
    fill. If it is within the capability of USA using on-hand backhoe or other equipment it is
    accomplished after approval by site environmental representatives through the DENR. If additional
    equipment is required it is obtained through a contractor or from other organizations on the
    installation. Removal of brush to widen roads may be performed for access to the sites. The
    requirements of EM 385-1-1 paragraph 21.I do not apply to this contract as an adequate road
    system is already in place and the construction of additional access and haul roads is not required.
• Access routes and firebreaks are searched and cleared of all UXO prior to the commencement of
    grid activities to ensure safe ingress/egress routes for fire department or other emergency vehicles
    that may be needed on site.
• Requests for additional fencing, gates or sign posting at site entranceway are submitted through
    the USACE OE Safety Representative. Requests for closure of recreational pathways or off-road
    trails where public passage into or around a site might be of significant concern during hazardous
    remediation activities are also submitted through the USACE OE Safety Representative..
• Area Burning. Controlled burns are conducted by USA Environmental’s subcontractor after
    approval by site environmental representatives.

5.6.1.10 Field Sanitation and Wash Point: Portable field toilets are in place at appropriate locations
within the work area. These portable toilets are equipped with hand washing facilities. They are
serviced by a local vendor and moved about the area as work progresses. Existing field latrines are not
used.

5.7 SITE SURVEY
An inspection of future UXO sites is accomplished before any UXO operations are allowed to
commence. The inspection is conducted with a USA SSO, USA Quality Control (QC) and SUXOS in
coordination with DENR along with the USACE OE Safety Specialist. A surveyor working under the
direct control of a UXO technician performs the site layout operations after the initial survey is
accomplished.

5.7.1 EQUIPMENT
USA performs the site layout using Real Time Differentially Corrected Global Positioning System
(RT-DGPS) equipment.

5.7.2 PROCEDURES
USA site layout procedures provide an efficient and effective method to establish the location of each
operating grid and correlate this data with information contained in the former Fort Ord Geographic
Information System (GIS). These procedures maximize the use of existing data to plan the site layout
and to expeditiously transfer the data to individual ground locations. The procedures USA uses to lay
out the individual operating grids include:


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                               Task Order Numbers 0001 and 0002, Contract Number DACA87-96-D-0019
USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



•   Using the digital cartographic products in the GIS to subdivide the work area into logical operating
    grids;
•   Electronically transferring the corner coordinates for each grid from the GIS to RT-GPS receivers;
•   Transferring the digital coordinates to their actual ground locations.

This method creates a strong link between the information contained in the GIS and the ground
locations where the work will be performed. This link, once established, ensures that data collected
during operations is efficiently and effectively integrated into the GIS and provides a realistic and
historic record of the location, densities and types of UXO encountered/removed.

                                                 Note
            All spatial data is referenced to the North America Datum 1983 (NAD-83).

5.7.2.1 Site Base Map: USA uses the former Fort Ord’s current digital data to update the site base
map. This data is composed of digitized drawings of the installation which contain terrain and feature
data for the installation and each of the work areas. USA’s GIS Manager imports this data into a GIS
workstation using Intergraph Microstation software. The imported data provides USA with the
capability to determine the spatial coordinates of the boundaries of each work area.

5.7.2.2 Divide The Operating Area Into Individual Grids: Using the data contained in the GIS
USA’s GIS Manager subdivides each work area into operating grids. When the area is the subject of
OE removal or grid sampling operations, these divisions are made in a manner that yields individual
grids 100' on a side. For SS/GS operations standard operating procedures dictate that 100’ by 200’
operating grids be established. Once the area has been sub-divided the GIS Manager prepares a
detailed area drawing depicting the boundaries of the work area and the proposed sub-division. This
drawing is submitted to USA’s PM and CESPK’s COR for review and comment. Comments are
incorporated into subsequent revisions until approval is obtained.

5.7.2.3 Electronically Transfer Coordinates To GPS Receivers: Once the sub-division is
approved, the GIS Manager electronically transfers the spatial coordinates for each operating grid to a
Trimble GPS receiver (Model: Professional XL). The GIS Manager accomplishes this action by:
• Exporting the spatial coordinates for each corner location to an ASCII file;
• Importing the ASCII file into Trimble’s Pfinder software package;
• Uploading the map coordinates into the GPS Receiver as waypoints. This is accomplished using
    the transfer utility program contained in the Pfinder software package.

5.7.2.4 Transfer Coordinates to Ground Locations: The final procedure for establishing the
operating grids is transferring the digitally produced spatial coordinates to their actual ground
locations. To accomplish this action USA’s Survey Team navigates to each point using Trimble GPS
receivers and the uploaded way points. Real time differential correction are obtained from a
commercial differential broadcast service provided by Differential Corrections Inc, Cupertino, CA. At
each corner of the operating grids USA installs painted surveyor lath approximately 4 feet in length.


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USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



5.7.2.5 Site Environmental Survey: Once the grid locations are marked and prior to the start of
brush cutting activities USA performs an environmental survey. The purpose of this survey is to
ascertain and document the existing environmental condition of the area, identify any unforeseen or
unique environmental issues and ensure that the protection actions outlined in the Environmental
Protection Plan are adequate. During this survey USA documents the environmental condition by
recording the location of environmental concerns on planimetric maps, taking photographs of the area
and/or recording a videotape of the area(s) of concern.

5.8 VEGETATION REMOVAL
USA removes vegetation from the work sites to enable the UXO Sweep Teams to thoroughly search
the work areas. The SUXOS identify the grids and areas that require vegetation removal to provide
access for the UXO Sweep Teams. Manual brush cutting is accomplished by brush teams working
under the direction of UXO Supervisors. The use of large scale motorized clearing equipment is
coordinated with the USACE OE Safety Specialist. In environmentally sensitive areas, where the
removal of vegetation is significantly limited, the preferred method of removing the vegetation is by
controlled burning.

5.8.1 MANUAL BRUSH CUTTING
Manual brush cutting is necessary when a controlled burn cannot be accomplished or was incomplete
or when terrain or environmental concerns makes mechanical vegetation removal undesirable or
impossible. Vegetation removal is accomplished by manual brush teams working under the direction
of SUXOS and SSOs. Each team consists of a UXO Supervisor and up to five laborers or a Brush
Foreman with two brush crews. Each brush crew has a UXO Specialist for avoidance purposes. A
magnetometer is used to aid in searching the vegetation for surface UXO prior to cutting or removing
brush. The amount of brush removal required depends on the terrain and the efficiency of the burn (if
utilized). Any surface UXO encountered by the brush team is marked with a red pin flag and left in
place.

5.8.1.1 Equipment: The manual brush cutting team is equipped with power chippers, powered weed
cutters, chain saws and a variety of hand tools. The UXO Supervisor/Brush Foreman of each brush
cutting team ensures that personnel engaged in brush cutting activities wear protective clothing and
accessories appropriate for the equipment being operated (i.e. chainsaw chaps).

5.8.1.2 Tree Trimming: Trees are trimmed only to the extent necessary to allow access for sweep
teams. Tree trimming is performed in a manner that minimizes damage to the tree.

5.8.1.3 Brush Cutting: Brush is cut to a level which enables reliable UXO detection without
disturbing or destroying the root structure. The preferred distance from ground level is 6” for both
manual and mechanical brush cutting. In environmentally sensitive areas where the preferred method
of vegetation removal (controlled burning) cannot be accomplished the brush team clears three-(3)
foot lanes through those areas that are impassable to the Sweep team. A six (6) foot area of uncleared
vegetation separates each three foot lane. This enables the UXO Sweep team to search the uncleared
vegetation with a magnetometer to ensure complete coverage.


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USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001




5.8.2 MECHANICAL BRUSH CUTTING
Mechanical vegetation removal is accomplished when environmental concerns and terrain permits.
Mechanical brush cutting is conducted by a brush team comprised of the equipment operator and UXO
qualified personnel who assist in UXO avoidance under the supervision of either a UXO Supervisor or
a Brush Foreman.

5.8.2.1 Equipment: Mechanical brush removal may be accomplished using (1) a “brush hog”, which
is a mechanical rotary brush-clearing machine consisting of a tractor with a mower deck attachment
(2) Other large scale removal machines such as the Hydro-Ax and Brontosaurus.

5.8.2.2 Brush Cutting: Brush is cut to a level which enables reliable UXO detection without
disturbing or destroying the root structure. The preferred distance from ground level is 6” for both
manual and mechanical brush cutting.

5.8.3 CONTROLLED BURNS
In environmentally sensitive areas, where the removal of vegetation is significantly limited, the
preferred method of removing the vegetation is by controlled burning. The Burn Plan for controlled
burns are established by the subcontractor in cooperation with the DENR Environmental Office and
the USACE OE Safety Specialists. This Burn Plan is published separately.

5.8.4 TREATMENT OF BRUSH CUTTING DEBRIS
When significant vegetation is encountered in habitat areas the debris is chipped and returned to the
environment. This ensures that the maximum amount of native seed is returned to the local
environment and aids in reestablishment of plant growth. When cut vegetation contains poison oak,
USA evaluates on a case-by-case basis the feasibility of chipping the vegetation. Any significant
quantities of poison oak will not be chipped.

5.8.5 BRUSH CUTTING RECORDS
The UXO Supervisor/Brush Foreman in charge of each brush cutting team records operational
activities in a field logbook and complete USA’s Brush Cutting Record for each operating grid. The
purpose of this record is to capture the manpower expended to perform the operation and provide
information that will be used during subsequent operations.

5.9 SAMPLING OPERATIONS
Sampling operations consist of those activities required to thoroughly investigate each site to locate
and/or sample both surface and sub-surface UXO. Selected sites will be sampled, in coordination with
CESPK and POM, using:
• SiteStats/GridStats(SS/GS)
• Grid Sampling
• Expanded Site Investigation (ESI)
• Geophysical Survey Operations



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USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001




5.9.1 SITESTATS/GRIDSTATS
SS/GS are elements of the ordnance and explosives cost-effectiveness risk tool (OECert) developed by
QuantiTech for CEHNC used to characterize a site for UXO. It is a statistical computer program for
sampling a site to determine the presence of UXO and the associated risks/costs of action alternatives.
Excavation of anomalies is performed in accordance with the direction of the GridStats computer
program. Only 32% to 40% of the flagged anomalies are investigated using this technique. The
User’s Manual for SiteStats 2.0 and GridStats 2.0 contains the Standing Operating Procedures for
SS/GS sampling operations.

5.9.2 GRID SAMPLING
In Grid Sampling normally 10% of the total area of the UXO site is sampled. For operations on the
former Fort Ord site Grid Sampling is normally accomplished in sites with known UXO items and in
areas less than 50 acres in size. The procedures in UXO Search Operations are followed when
performing Grid Sampling.

5.9.3 EXPANDED SITE INVESTIGATION
Expanded Site Investigations (ESI) is performed in sites suspected of use by the U.S. Army when the
Archive Search Report (ASR) does not indicate the complete size of the area. ESI is used as a tool to
assist DENR and USACE in determining further action within the site. ESI is performed by two UXO
Specialists using Trimble GPS equipment to spatially locate the anomalies within the site. Two
personnel randomly walk a percentage of the site while performing a magnetometer search. This
information statistically indicates the amount and type of UXO and UXO related items within the site.

5.9.4 GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY OPERATIONS
Geophysical Survey is used as a tool to perform the following functions:
• Accurately estimating the level of effort required to perform clearance operations;
• Identifying problem areas early in the design phase and designing and engineering alternate
    means/methods;
• Minimizing the land area needing to be sampled to verify the presence or absence of UXO;
• Providing an archival record in the form of digital data files which can be used to justify/support
    future actions;
• Enabling managers to better organize and control sampling activities;
• Minimizing cost of searching areas which are free of anomalies.

5.10 UXO SEARCH OPERATIONS
Search operations consist of those activities required to thoroughly investigate each operating grid to
locate and/or sample both surface and sub-surface UXO.

UXO Teams are composed of a UXO Supervisor and up to six UXO Specialists. UXO teams perform
all search operations and operate under the direct supervision of a SUXO. A SSO closely monitors the
safety of the UXO Team. The following subparagraphs describe the equipment and procedures the
individual UXO Teams use to search the individual grids and to excavate sub-surface anomalies.

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USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001




5.10.1 EQUIPMENT
The equipment requirements for this activity include:
  • Schonstedt (Model GA-52/CX) magnetometers used to detect sub-surface metallic anomalies
     and/or UXO;
  • Pre-marked baselines that are used to subdivide the grid into individual search lanes;
  • Rope reels containing nylon rope/twine (Used to mark individual search lanes);
  • Assorted colored pin flags that are used to mark UXO items and anomalies;
  • Miscellaneous common hand tools (i.e. screwdrivers, etc.);
  • Forms and logbooks to record activities and UXO encountered;
  • Laptop computer (used when performing SiteStats/GridStats).
Other equipment as authorized by USACE may be utilized to search for UXO or to excavate the
subsurface anomalies during OE removal or sampling. Should additional equipment not addressed in
this Work Plan be added to the OE operations on former Fort Ord, an SOP pertaining to the use of the
new equipment will be added to this Work Plan.

5.10.2 MAGNETOMETER SEARCHES
After individual 5’ search lanes have been established the UXO Supervisor directs personnel to begin
searching each lane using a Schonstedt Model GA-52/CX magnetometer. UXO Technicians start at
one end of each lane and move forward toward the opposing base line. During the forward movement
the technician moves the magnetometer back and forth from one side of the lane to the other. Both
forward movement and the swing of the magnetometer is performed at a pace which ensures the entire
lane is searched and that the instrument is able to appropriately respond to sub-surface anomalies.
Whenever a subsurface anomaly or metallic surface object is encountered the technician halts and
investigates the anomaly at that time. Only in UXO sites where the team is performing less than a four
(4) foot removal will the anomaly be flagged and left in place if below the removal depth. Throughout
this operation the UXO Supervisor closely monitors individual performance to ensure these
procedures are being performed with due diligence and attention to detail.

5.10.2.1 Near Surface Anomalies: Near surface anomalies are those sub-surface anomalies which
can be excavated using hand tools. These anomalies are excavated by carefully removing the earth
overburden using hand tools. Throughout the excavation the UXO Technician uses a magnetometer to
check and verify the location of the anomaly. When the overburden has been removed to within 6
inches of the anomaly the UXO Technician removes the remaining earth using a trowel or other small
digging implement.

5.10.2.2 Backhoe excavations: Some anomalies are more deeply buried and require excavation using
heavy equipment (i.e. backhoe). For these excavations the UXO Supervisor coordinates equipment
requirements with the SUXOS and PM. Prior to the arrival of the heavy equipment the UXO
Supervisor ensures that a cleared entrance and egress path is available for the heavy equipment. Once
on site the heavy equipment is used to excavate the earth overburden to a depth not closer than 12
inches from the suspect anomaly. The distance to the anomaly will be checked during the excavation
with a hand-held magnetometer. A UXO Technician using hand tools removes the final one foot of
overburden.
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USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001




5.10.2.3 Excavations In Suspected Hantavirus Areas: Prior to excavating any area suspected of
containing Hantavirus (i.e. rodent nest areas) the UXO Supervisor has these areas properly treated with
a solution of bleach and water. During application of this solution and operations performance
personnel strictly adhere to the procedures listed in the Site-Specific Safety and Health Plan.


5.10.3 SURFACE SEARCHES
The purpose of a surface sweep of a grid is twofold: to locate, mark, and record the location of the
surface UXO contamination contained in each grid and to consolidate the scrap metal contamination
within each grid. Surface sweeps may be performed by non-UXO personnel under the direct
supervision of UXO Technicians. The typical scope of control for a UXO Technician is three to five
sweepers. This ensures positive control and safety.

5.10.3.1 Sweep Team Structure: The sweep team may consist of either all UXO Technicians or a
mix of UXO and non-UXO personnel. The following is the structure and composition of a typical
Sweep Team:
• One (1) UXO Supervisor who directs and supervises all team activities, confirms the identification
    of all UXO encountered, and maintains the sweep team journal;
• One (1) UXO Specialist who assists the UXO Supervisor, identifies all UXO encountered, and
    records the location of the items located;
• Five (5) sweepers (either UXO Technicians or General Laborers) who visually search the area for
    UXO. These personnel perform their duties under the direction and supervision of the UXO
    Supervisor.

5.10.3.2 Surface Sweep Team Procedures: All surface sweep operations are performed under the
direct supervision of a qualified UXO Supervisor. The UXO Supervisor assembles the sweepers into a
sweep line and directs their movement across the survey grid.
• Sweepers are spaced approximately five (5) feet apart and, at the direction of the UXO Supervisor,
    move through the grid on line abreast;
• Whenever an item is encountered, the individual calls out "hold the line", and holds up his/her
    hand. The line stops while the UXO Specialist inspects the object to determine if it is UXO or
    scrap and marks the item with the appropriate colored pin flag. The line will not move again until
    directed by the UXO Supervisor;
• As the team moves forward using the grid stakes as one sweep lane boundary, the person on the
    opposite end of the line marks the limit of the sweep lane with white pin flags. These flags become
    the guide for the return sweep and define the limits of the previously cleared lane. This procedure
    is continued until the grid is completely swept.
• The UXO Supervisor follows behind the sweep line inspecting and verifying the identification of
    the flagged items and recording data on the type, nomenclature and location of the UXO;
• Upon completion of the grid sweep the sweep team, under the direct supervision of the UXO
    Supervisor, recovers and stockpiles metal scrap at a central location in the grid. Items marked with
    red pin flags are left in place for the Treatment Team. UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES DO
    GENERAL LABORERS HANDLE OR MOVE UXO.
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USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001




5.10.4 RECORDS
The UXO Supervisor prepares and maintains a detailed accounting of activities performed at each grid.
This record includes information pertaining to the following (See Figure 5-7, next page):
• Date and time operations began;
• Date and time operations were completed;
• Number of hours, by labor category, expended in performing operations;
• Number of anomalies detected;
• Number of excavations;
• Depth of the individual UXO items discovered;
• Number of pits discovered, i.e., more than one UXO item located buried within the grid;
• Type(s) and amounts of explosives used;
• Location, number, type and description of UXO items encountered;
• Estimated weight, in pounds, of the scrap metal removed from the grid.

5.11 TREATMENT OPERATIONS
USA treats materials and debris generated and/or recovered during operations at the former Fort Ord
onsite using established and approved procedures as described.

5.11.1 TREATMENT OF UXO
All UXO and UXO-related material containing explosives or hazardous material determined to be too
hazardous to move are treated in-place by detonation utilizing standard electric firing procedures as
outlined in Technical Manual (TM) 60A-1-1-31. USA has the option to utilize non-electric firing
procedures if the particular situation dictates. If these methods of treatment are determined to be
impractical, USA will notify the on-site USACE OE Safety Specialist who will request local military
Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) support. The following paragraphs describe the procedures USA
uses to detonate UXO and UXO related items at the former Fort Ord site.


5.11.1.1 Frequency: USA treats UXO, with the exception of small arms ammunition, as required
and with the concurrence of the on-site USACE OE Safety Specialist. Treatment operations begin in
the work site when all non-essential and non-UXO personnel are out of the fragmentation zone of the
ordnance being detonated. UXO that is safe to move may be consolidated to reduce the number of
shots.

5.11.1.2 Supervision and Control:
USA’s organization for the former Fort Ord site includes two (2) SUXOs and two (2) SSOs. This
organizational structure allows two simultaneous treatment operations at two sites. All roads/trails
that provide access to treatment sites will have roadblocks established during Treatment operations.
SUXO and a SSO are on-site at all times during Treatment operations. The operation is performed
under the direction and supervision of the SUXO, who is charged with the responsibility to ensure that
procedures contained in this work plan and referenced documents are followed. The SSO monitors
compliance with the safety measures contained in the work plan and associated documents and in the
event of non-compliance is vested with the authority to stop or suspend operations.
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USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001




5.11.1.3 Safe Separation Distances:
Prior to the start of treatment activities the SUXO and SSO verify that the area around the operating
site is clear of all non-UXO personnel and verify with the support compound that all required
notifications have been made. A minimum distance of 1250 feet (non-fragmenting), 2500 feet
(fragmenting) and 4,000 feet (bombs and projectiles greater than 5 inches in diameter) is established
and maintained around the operating site. Depending on the type of munitions(s) being destroyed the
fragmentation distance may be increased or decreased based on data obtained from TM 60A-1-1-4
with approval of the USACE OE Safety Specialist. Personnel remaining on-site is limited to those
personnel needed to safely and efficiently prepare the item(s) of destruction.

5.11.1.4 Equipment: Standard electric and non-electric demolition equipment as provided by the
USACE is used. Procedures follow the guidelines dictated by TM 60A-1-1-31.

5.11.1.5 Evacuation and Site Control: Prior to initiation of demolition operations all non-essential
personnel are evacuated from the treatment site. Prior to priming the demolition charges all avenues of
ingress are physically blocked by guard personnel. Radio communications are maintained between all
involved parties at all times. Avenues of ingress are not opened without the express permission of the
SSO. A constant state of vigilance is maintained by all personnel to detect any intrusion into the
fragmentation zone or overflights of aircraft. While preparing UXO for detonation the SUXO and SSO
ensure that the number of personnel on-site is kept to the minimum required to safely accomplish the
treatment mission. Authority to initiate demolition operations rests solely with the SUXO. This
individual is responsible for ensuring that all personnel have been evacuated from the area, that all
personnel have been accounted for, that all pertinent parties have been notified of an impending
demolition shot and that the area is secure prior to authorizing the detonation of explosive charges.
Prior to priming demolition shots the UXO Team’s UXO Supervisor directs all non-essential personnel
except the SSO and USACE OE Safety Specialist to leave the area.

5.11.1.6 Explosive Accountability, Storage & Transportation: USA uses government furnished
explosives and explosive storage facilities. Storage of explosives is in strict compliance with
Department of Defense (DOD) 6055.9-STD, Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards. Detailed
procedures for the issue, turn-in and transportation of explosives are contained in Appendix F of this
work plan. In addition to these procedures, USA strictly enforces the following:
• Issues of explosives is limited to those quantities needed to perform a specific operation;
• Strict accountability of explosives is maintained at all times;
• Only UXO Technicians are issued and transport explosive materials;
• All vehicles transporting ammunition and explosives are properly inspected prior to loading
    explosives onto the vehicle;
• Vehicle engine is not running when loading or unloading explosives;
• Beds of vehicles have either a plastic bed liner, dunnage or sandbags to protect the explosives from
    contact with the metal bed and fittings;
• Vehicles transporting explosives have a first aid kit, two (2) ea. 10 BC fire extinguishers and
    communications capability;
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                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



•   Compatibility requirements when transporting explosives and UXOs are observed;
•   Vehicle operators have valid operators permits;
•   Maximum speed for explosive vehicles is the posted speed limit or less if the situation so dictates;
•   Personnel do not ride in the cargo compartment with explosives or UXO.

5.11.1.7 Treatment Procedures: USA uses the procedures contained in TM 60A-1-1-31 to treat
UXO. UXO will be treated by detonation in place whenever practicable. More detailed procedures for
preparation of demolition firing trains, firing of demolition charges, and post operation procedures are
contained in Appendix F – “Demolition Operations SOP”.


Note
   In the event that a UXO item is located which cannot be treated in place and is too hazardous to
   move to another location USA will notify the USACE OE Safety Specialist. The USACE OE
   Safety Specialist will in turn notify U.S. Army EOD and request their assistance.

When multiple UXO items are encountered that preclude individual detonation (i.e. the items are so
close together that one shot would interfere with the others) USA, when feasible, explosively links
these shots using detonating cord.

5.11.1.8 Inspection of Treatment Results: Upon completion of treatment operations the UXO
Team’s UXO Supervisor and one UXO Specialist visually inspects each treatment shot. One of these
personnel performs a visual inspection of the treatment site(s) while the second person stands by at a
safe distance prepared to render assistance in the event of an emergency. Upon completion of this
inspection and providing that there are no residual hazards the SUXO authorizes the resumption of site
operations.

5.11.2 TREATMENT OF SMALL ARMS AMMUNITION
All small arms ammunition recovered during the operation are stored in an explosive magazine and
allowed to accumulate until sufficient quantity is reached to make transportation off site economical.
At that time USA arranges with a commercial treatment facility for the disposition of this material.

5.11.3 REMOVAL AND TREATMENT OF SCRAP METAL
Within or adjacent to each operating grid the UXO Supervisor establishes temporary ordnance scrap
and other scrap collection points. During operations ordnance scrap and other scrap that are free of
explosives (i.e. fragments, parachutes, etc) are placed at these collection points. Upon completion of
operations the materials in these temporary collection points are loaded onto a vehicle for transfer to
a central collection point.

5.12 QUALITY CONTROL INSPECTIONS
USA utilizes procedures for controlling and measuring quality of all work performed during site
activities. All QC activities are performed and documented in accordance with applicable professional
and technical standards, USACE requirements and specific project goals and objectives. All site
activities are monitored and documented for precision, accuracy and completeness.
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                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001




5.12.1 RECORDS
USA QC personnel maintain a daily journal of activities and formal written reports of inspections and
re-inspections.

5.13 AFTER ACTION/FINAL REPORT
USA submits an after action report upon the completion of each job site. These reports contain a
compilation of all data pertaining to a specific work area. Upon completion of all work associated with
a task order this information is combined to generate a Final Removal Report. These Final Removal
Reports contain summaries and a wrap-up of associated after action reports. Due to the large number
of job sites encompassed by this contract it is imperative that a separate after action report be
submitted after completion of each job site. This precludes inadvertent omission of pertinent and
critical information or data.

5.13.1 COMPOSITION
Each after action report includes a description of the site location, authorization for work performed
and information regarding the work accomplished on the site including type of UXO suspected vs.
what was encountered, a summary of UXO encountered and a summary of QC results. These after
action reports contain, as a minimum, the following information:
• All original survey and mapping data;
• Detailed accounting of all disposed UXO and UXO related materials;
• A description by grid or larger geographic area that either:
    !      all potential UXO items located by magnetometer were excavated, or
    !      whether some potential UXO items located by magnetometer were, upon direction by the
        USACE OE Safety Specialist, not removed.
• Daily journals of all activities associated with the job site.
• A recapitulation of exposure data. (This shall include total number of man-hours worked on-site);
• All scrap turn-in documentation;
• All Quality Control documentation;
• Color photographs depicting major action items and UXO discoveries;
• A financial breakdown of all labor hours expended and associated costs;
• A videotape of major site activities and general site view.

In addition, the final version of each after action report will be submitted, uncompressed, on a CD
ROM in hypertext markup language (HTML) along with a linked table of contents, linked tables,
linked photographs, linked graphs and linked figures included and suitable for viewing on the Internet.




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                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001




                                           Chapter 6: Quality Control Plan

6.0 GENERAL
This Quality Control (QC) Plan provides procedures for controlling and measuring the quality of all
work performed during site activities at former Fort Ord, California. This USA QC Plan provides the
organization, responsibilities, policies and procedures for maintaining the highest possible standards in
the performance of OE site contracts.
This site specific QC Plan is designed to provide procedures for:
    •       Testing and calibrating equipment used to perform work;
    •       Determining the effectiveness of work performed;
    •       Inspecting the maintenance and accuracy of site records;
    •       Determining compliance with site safety, environmental, and operational plans.

All QC activities are performed and documented in accordance with applicable professional and
technical standards and United States Army Corps of Engineers requirements along with specific
project goals and objectives.

6.1 CORPORATE POLICY
Quality management is conducted “from cradle to grave” on all aspects of an OE project. Quality
management is an approach which continuously improves the processes by which USA conducts OE
operations. The following are primary factors in USA’s QC Plan:
   •       Quality management maintains safety as the primary consideration on all USA operations;
   •       Quality is everyone’s responsibility and requires teamwork and dedication to providing the
       best possible product;
   •       Quality is designed and integrated into all aspects of operations.

6.2 DEFINITIONS
The following definitions were used in developing this plan and are applicable to its execution:

•   Accuracy: Accuracy is the degree of agreement of a measurement or the average of several
    measurements with an accepted reference or "true" value; it is a measure of bias in the system.

•   Precision: Precision is the degree of mutual agreement among individual measurements of a given
    parameter under the same conditions.

•   Completeness: Completeness is a measure of the amount of valid data obtained from a
    measurement system compared to the amount that could be expected to be obtained under normal
    conditions.

•   Representativeness: Representativeness expresses the degree to which data accurately and
    precisely represents a characteristic of a population, parameter variations at a sampling point, a
    process condition or an environmental condition. Careful choice and use of appropriate methods in
    the field ensure that samples are representative. This is relatively easy with water or air samples,
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                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



    given that the components of these media are homogeneously dispersed. In contrast, soil and
    sediment contaminants are unlikely to be evenly distributed, hence it is important for the sampler
    and analyst to exercise good judgment when collecting and analyzing a sample.

•   Comparability: Comparability expresses the confidence with which one data set can be compared
    to another.

6.3 QUALITY MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE
The following paragraphs describe the structure of the Quality Management Team for USA's
operations at former Fort Ord, California.

6.3.1 DIRECTOR OF PROGRAMS
The Director of Programs has overall responsibility for contract performance of projects and reports
directly to the President. The Director of Program’s responsibilities include:
    •        Ensuring development and implementation of site work plans and all required sub-plans;
    •        Timely submission of all contract deliverables;
    •        Monitoring project costs and performance.

6.3.2 PROJECT MANAGER
The PM at former Fort Ord has direct responsibility for the day to day operations of the project. The
PM’s responsibilities include, but are not limited to:
• Implementation of all USA QC policies and procedures;
• Establishing guidelines to assist in the development of program, project, site and task specific QC
    policies and procedures;
• Reporting regularly to the Director of Programs on the adequacy, status and effectiveness of
    ongoing projects;
• Timely submission of all contract deliverables;
• Analyzing QC grid failures and implementing corrective action to prevent multiple grid failures.

6.3.3 CORPORATE QC MANAGER
The USA QC Manager has ultimate responsibility for USA’s QC program and reports directly to the
President of USA Environmental, Inc. The QC Manager’s responsibilities include:
• Preparation of all USA QC policies and procedures;
• Establishing guidelines to assist in the development of program, project, site and task specific QC
    policies and procedures;
• Reporting regularly to the President of USA Environment, Inc. on the adequacy, status and
    effectiveness of ongoing projects;
• Timely submission of all contract deliverables;
• Conducting periodic field audits of the programs, projects and sites and submitting a report of
    findings to the President with courtesy copies to the USA Director of Programs and PM;
• Providing training assistance and avenues of communication for site QC Specialists in the
    performance of their duties;
• Reviewing employee qualification records to ensure that all records are current and up to date.
6.3.4 SITE QC SPECIALIST.
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USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



USA’s Site QC Specialist has the responsibility of enforcing the USA and Site Specific QC plans and
procedures. His responsibilities include:
• Reviewing and implementing this QC Plan;
• Coordinating with the USACE Quality Assurance (QA) representative to insure that QA objectives
   appropriate to the project are set and all personnel are aware of these objectives;
• Coordinating with the USA QC Manager to ensure that QC procedures are being followed and are
   appropriate in demonstrating data validity sufficient to meet QC objectives;
• Conducting scheduled QC audits of all site activities and recording same in the QC Activity Log;
• Recommending to the PM actions to be taken in the event of a QC failure;
• Reporting non-compliance with QC criteria to the PM and USA QC Manager.

6.4 CRITICAL ISSUES/ACTIVITIES
After careful review, USA has identified the following issues/activities as being critical to the delivery
of a quality product:
• Employee Qualifications;
• Employee Training;
• Compliance with Plans (i.e. Safety, Quality Control, UXO Operations, Environmental, Cost
    Management);
• Availability of publications;
• Testing and maintenance of all project equipment;
• Maintenance and accuracy of reports and records.

The following paragraphs describe the QC criteria that USA applies to these critical issues/activities
and the methods USA uses to monitor quality.

6.4.1 EMPLOYEE QUALIFICATIONS
The PM maintains personnel files on each employee. These records include copies of licenses,
training records and certificates of qualifications that support employees’ placement and position.
Prior to an employee's initial assignment or any change in duties/assignment the QC Specialist
physically reviews the employee's licenses, training records and certificates to ensure that the
employee is qualified.

6.4.2 EMPLOYEE TRAINING
USA has transitioned from the West of the Mississippi using current personnel assigned to the former
Fort Ord. Resumes and qualification documentation for the current USACE approved personnel are on
file at the field office site. Prior to mobilization of additional or replacement personnel, USA submits
UXO personnel qualifications to USACE for approval.

6.4.2.1 TRAINING FOR UXO PERSONNEL
Prior to mobilization of the personnel, USA conducts the training required by USA and OSHA (29
CFR 1910.120) for all UXO personnel assigned to this project. This training includes the following
training courses:
 Training Course                                             Personnel Attending
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                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



    40-Hour Hazardous Materials Workers                      All personnel who have not previously
    Training                                                 received this training or who do not qualify
    (HAZWOPER)                                               for certification through documented
                                                             experience or training equivalent to that in
                                                             paragraphs (e)(1) through (e)(4) of 29 CFR
                                                             1910.120. (Reference: Paragraph (e)(9) 29
                                                             CFR 1910.120

    8-Hour Supervisor Course                                 All management and supervisory personnel.
                                                             This includes the Project Manager, Site
                                                             Safety Officer, Senior UXO Supervisor, Q/C
                                                             Specialist, and all UXO Supervisors.

    8-Hour Refresher Course                                  All site personnel except those that have
                                                             completed their initial 40-Hour HAZWOPER
                                                             training within the past 1 year.

Prior to the start of any intrusive on-site operations, USA submits copies of the OSHA Training
Certificates, for the above training, to USACE for review and approval. Under no circumstances will
any person be allowed to engage in intrusive activities until the requisite training is verified by
USACE.

•     All site-personnel will be trained to a clearly identifiable and consistent standard, because all
      personnel will receive training from the same firm.

•     The training provided can be tailored to not only meet the regulatory requirements, but to address
      specific safety and health issues associated with this particular site and operational conditions.

•     Tracking, scheduling and performing annual refresher training will be made easier by establishing
      a standardized start time for each individual’s qualifications.

In addition to the OSHA required training, UXO qualified personnel receive the comparable training as
provided to non-UXO personnel, enumerated in paragraph 6.4.2.2, below.

Chapter 2

Chapter 3 6.4.2.2 TRAINING FOR NON-UXO PERSONNEL
Prior to mobilization of the non-UXO personnel, USA conducts required training for all personnel
assigned to this project. This training includes the following training courses:

•     Familiarization with the current Work Plan.
•     Site-Specific Safety And Health Plan orientation and Personal Protective Equipment training.
•     Instruction applicable to equipment usage with emphasis on safety procedures to be implemented.
•     A discussion of environmental considerations peculiar to the OE operations of former Fort Ord.
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                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



•   Some specific non-UXO job descriptions may require that employees meet the standards of OSHA
    (29 CFR 1910.120). When these standards are applicable, the employee will complete the OSHA
    training as described in paragraph 6.4.2.1
•   Daily Safety Training: Tail-gate briefings outlining the days activities, unique hazards and safety
    precautions and other operational issues related to the project.

Training is conducted by the Site Safety Officer (SSO) and records of attendance (and student
performance when applicable) are recorded. Upon completion of Safety and Equipment Operator's
Training the employee is issued an USA certificate of training and a copy of this certificate is placed in
the site personnel record. Prior to assignment to a duty position or change in duty position the QC
Specialist performs a check of the individual's site personnel record to ensure that the employee is
qualified to fill the position.

6.4.3 COMPLIANCE WITH PLANS
USA has developed detailed plans for performing the work at the former Fort Ord. These plans are
engineered to safely and effectively remove OE from this area. To ensure that these plans are being
properly executed/implemented USA performs the following QC Audits:

•   Daily QC Audits. All instruments and equipment requiring maintenance and/or calibration are
    checked prior to the start of each workday. Batteries are replaced as needed and the instruments
    are checked against a known source. The QC Specialist is responsible for insuring that personnel
    accomplish all operational checks and that the appropriate log entries are made. The QC Specialist
    performs random, unscheduled checks of the various sites to ensure that personnel accomplish all
    work as specified in the Work Plan and submits a report of findings to the USA SUXOS.

•   Periodic QC Audits. The QC Specialist conducts a quality audit of completed sites within a
    reasonable time after the completion of the work. These audits are performed by USA's QC
    Specialist and consists of a magnetometer inspection (using a Schonstedt Model GA-52Cx
    magnetometer) of at least 10% of each search grid. The QC Specialist inspects each operating grid
    using a zigzag pattern that covers at least 10% of the entire grid and submits a written report of his
    findings to the PM. The Pass/Fail criteria for these audits is zero UXO items encountered (See note
    following this paragraph). If the QC Specialist does not pass the grid, the PM schedules the area for
    re-working. In addition to the physical inspection of the site, the QC Specialist conducts an audit of
    all logs being maintained by contract personnel to ensure the proper entries are being made.

The PM and SUXOS analyze all grid QC failures to determine required corrective action.

                                                Note
    For purposes of QC Inspections the following criteria applies. The grid is rejected if any UXO
    or OE item containing explosives is encountered. Additionally, a grid is rejected if more than 5
    metallic anomalies are detected using an appropriately calibrated Schonstedt GA-52
    Magnetometer. At GridStats/SiteStats sites no anomaly QC inspection is preformed as the
    computer program determines the anomalies for investigation.


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USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



6.4.4 AVAILIBILITY OF PUBLICATIONS
USA conducted a technical review of the scope of work and all pertinent data and compiled a list of
required publications to be maintained at the site. In addition to this list USA will make available, in a
timely manner, any additional manuals the SUXOS may require. Prior to the start of operations and
periodically throughout the project the QC Specialist checks to ensure that site publications are present
and in good repair. Results of these inspections are recorded and reported. Currently identified
publications include:
    •      Copy of all Task Orders;
    •      USA Safety and Health Program (SHP);
    •      OSHA, 29 CFR 1910, General Industry Standards;
    •      27 CFR Part 55, Commerce in Explosives;
    •      OSHA, 29 CFR 1926, Construction Standards;
    •      ATFP 5400.7, Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms Explosives Laws and Regulations;
    •      NIOSH/OSHA/USCG/EPA Occupational Safety and Health Guidance Manual for
                  Hazardous Waste Site Activities;
    •      American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists(ACGIH), Threshold Limit
                  Values (TLVs) for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological
                  Exposure Indices (BEIs);
    •      Applicable sections of EPA, 40 CFR Parts 260 to 299, Protection of Environment;
    •      Applicable sections of DOT, 49 CFR Parts 100 to 199, Transportation;
    •      USACE EM 385-1-1, Safety and Health Requirements Manual;
    •      USACE ER 385-1-92, Safety and Occupational Health Document Requirements for
                  Hazardous Waste Remedial Actions;
    •      DOD 4145.26-M, Contractors' Safety Manual for Ammunition and Explosives;
    •      DOD 6055.9-STD, DOD Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards;
    •      DOD 4160.21-M, Defense Reutilization and Marketing Manual;
    •      DA PAM 385-64, Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards;
    •      AR 385-64, Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards;
    •      AR 200-1, Environmental Protection and Enhancement;
    •      AR 385-10, The Army Safety Program;
    •      AR 385-16, System Safety Engineering and Management;
    •      AR 385-40 w/USACE supplement, Accident Reporting and Records;
    •      TM 9-1300-200, Ammunition General;
    •      TM 9-1300-214, Military Explosives;
    •      TM 60 Series Publications.


                                            Note
    The USACE OE Safety Specialist has access to the TM 60-Series publications for this project.




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                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001




6.4.5 EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE AND TESTS
Measurement equipment utilized on-site, i.e., magnetometers, monitors, geophysical mapping
equipment, etc., are checked for operational reliability.

USA has reviewed the equipment requirements of this delivery order and identified the following
equipment as requiring daily maintenance or tests: hand-held magnetometers and Global Positioning
System (GPS) Receivers. Testing of these instruments is accomplished as follows:
• Magnetometers: Prior to use all hand held magnetometers are checked against a known metallic
   anomaly. The purpose of this test is to ensure that the instruments are operating properly. Because
   hand-held magnetometers are used to assist in search operations, USA's UXO Supervisors have
   established a magnetometer checkpoint by burying a 105mm inert projectile at a depth of four (4)
   feet. Magnetometers are checked against this source to ensure they are operational and capable of
   detecting ferrous objects at the depth specified in the Scope of Work. This test is performed daily
   prior to placing the instrument into operation. To ensure that instruments remain operational
   during field operation, UXO Supervisors periodically select a second instrument and follow behind
   UXO Specialists performing search operations and comparing the performance of the two
   instruments.
• GPS Receivers: Prior to use, GPS receivers receive a functional check. The purpose of this check
   is to ensure that batteries are sufficiently charged, that the instrument is receiving sufficient data to
   compute three-dimensional positions and that the instrument is properly configured. These checks
   are made by placing the instrument into operation over a known point and comparing the computed
   location displayed on the GPS receiver with the known coordinates of the test location.

All equipment used at the former Fort Ord is dedicated solely to the project until the project is
completed. Equipment such as vehicles, backhoe and chipping/grubbing equipment have before,
during and after operation maintenance performed in accordance with the equipment’s operating
manual. The QC Specialist is specifically responsible for inspecting that equipment is maintained and
checked. Records of these checks are maintained in the UXO Supervisors Journals. If equipment field
checks indicate that any piece of equipment is not operating correctly, and field repair cannot be made,
the equipment is tagged and removed from service. USA's PM is notified and a request for
replacement equipment is placed immediately. Replacement equipment must meet the same
specifications for accuracy and precision as the equipment removed from service.

6.4.6 LOGS AND RECORDS
For all site work field personnel use bound logbooks with consecutively numbered pages. The field
logbooks are used to record the daily activities of field teams, provide sketch maps and locations of
UXOs and other pertinent items, and to note any observations which might affect the quality of data.
The field log books and site records are utilized to record the following:
• Field Log Books: The SUXOS and UXO Supervisors maintain field logbooks. These personnel
    use these books to record site activities and field data. These log books are maintained in a neat and
    legible manner and provide an historic record of site activities;
• Daily Journal: The PM maintains a separate Daily Journal for each operating site at the former
    Fort Ord. This journal provides a summary of all operations conducted to include information on
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                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



    weather conditions, problem areas, work plan modifications, injuries, start/stop times, tail gate
    safety briefs, equipment discrepancies, UXO/OE located, training conducted, visitors and any
    additional items deemed appropriate.;
•   OE and Anomaly Excavation Records: The UXO Supervisors prepare individual records for
    each operating grid at the former Fort Ord. This record consists of series of sheets that are used to
    record data on the excavation of anomalies and to record data on OE items encountered. This data
    is forwarded through the SUXOS to the GIS Manager who enters the data into the GIS and updates
    the project database;
•   Safety LogBook: The Site-Safety Officers maintains these logs. The logs are used to record all
    safety matters associated with the specific project such as: safety briefings/meetings (including
    items covered and attendees), safety training, safety audits, near-misses/accidents/incidents with
    cause and corrective action taken, weather conditions and any other matters relating to safety;
•   Training Records: The PM maintains training records for all site personnel. These records
    contain training certificates, licenses and other qualifying data for an individual’s duty position;
•   Quality Control Log: The QC Specialists maintain these log sheets. The QC Specialists use
    these log sheets to record the performance and results of QC checks and audits;
•   Visitor’s LogBook: The PM maintains this log. All personnel who are not directly involved in
    the project site activities are identified in this log by name, company, date, time in/out and a
    contact phone number. Safety briefings and training for visiting personnel are also recorded in this
    log;
•   Photographic Log: The PM maintains a photographic log. This log is used to record all video
    recording and photographs taken to document work and/or site conditions. Photographs and
    videotapes are marked with an unique identifying number relating back to the photographic log,
    and are maintained on file until the end of the project. Photographic negatives and duplicate copies
    of video tape are forwarded to USA - Tampa for safe keeping;
•   Correspondence Log: The PM maintains a log of all official incoming and outgoing project
    correspondence. The tracking numbers for the individual correspondence are obtained from USA
    Tampa;
•   Phone Log: The PM maintains a log of all outgoing long distance calls (except calls to CEHNC
    and the USA home office). The log includes the date/time, person making the call and the person
    or office called;
•   Site Maps: The PM and GIS Manager maintain current working maps of the operating areas in
    the field office throughout execution of this project. These maps are used to document UXO finds
    and the locations of soil sampling, auguring, drilling and other soil disturbing activities.

The QC Specialist periodically inspects logs, records and reports. These inspections focus on the
completeness, accuracy and legibility of the entries and records. Results of these inspections are
forwarded to the PM.

                                                 Note:
The log books are utilized to formulate the final removal report and as an "Official Document" in the
event of any problem addressed after the completion of the project. All logbooks must be maintained
on file for a period directed by the contract.

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USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



6.5 NONCONFORMANCE/CORRECTIVE ACTION
Any nonconformance to contractual requirements must be documented and reported. Nonconformance
includes:
• Delivery of items or services by USA and/or any of its subcontractors that do not meet the
    contractual requirements;
• Errors made in following work instructions or improper work instructions;
• Unforeseeable or unplanned circumstances that result in items or services that do not meet
    quality/contractual/technical requirements;
• Technical modifications to the project by individuals who do not have the responsibility and
    authority to do so;
• Errors in craftsmanship and trade skills.

Immediately upon receipt of a notice of nonconformance the PM and/or the SUXOS will take the
following corrective actions:
• Identify the impact, if any, the nonconformance has on other project activities;
• Identify and implement the actions required to bring the project/activity back into compliance;
• Identify and implement procedures to preclude recurrence of the nonconformance.

6.6 SUMMARY
The QC procedures outlined in this plan ensure that all critical site activities are inspected, that the
results of these inspections are recorded and reported and that the overall objectives of this project are
achieved.




                                     Chapter 8: Surveying and Mapping Plan
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USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001




8.0 GENERAL
This Surveying and Mapping Plan outlines the methodology used to:
    •      Locate and record the spatial coordinates for the boundaries of each work area;
    •      Establish and record the spatial coordinates for each search grids within each work area;
    •      Record the spatial coordinates and attribute data for each UXO item encountered and other
       items as required;
    •      Enter, update and maintain the collected data in a GIS.

All control points recovered and/or established at the site are plotted on planimetric drawings at the
appropriate coordinate point and are identified by name or number. The final adjusted coordinates are
be shown. A "Description Card" for each control point established or used is submitted along with a
tabulated master list of all points. The location, identification, coordinates and elevations of all control
points recovered and/or established at the site and the corners of all areas cleared of UXO are plotted
on site maps which are drawn at a scale of 1 inch = 200 feet on reproducible (mylar) materials. All
drawings show locations in relation to the surface and planimetric features within the project area.
One original and one blue line print of each final drawing is deliverable to USACE.

8.1 SAFETY
UXO Technicians escort all surveying or mapping crews. A magnetometer survey is conducted at the
location of any new monuments or markers. No excavation of any kind is started until the area has
been verified as safe by the UXO Specialist. All personnel entering the work site adhere to U.S. Army
Engineering and Support Center, Huntsville’s “Safety Concepts and Basic Considerations for
Unexploded Explosive Ordnance (UXO) Operations”.

8.2 CONTROL POINTS
All work on the site is based on established monumentation. All control points used for base lines
meet the standards established by the Federal Geodetic Control Committee (FGCC) for Third Order,
Class 1 survey and published in the publication "Classification, Standards of Accuracy and General
Specifications of Geodetic Control Surveys" (September 1984) and "Specifications to Support
Classification, Standards of Accuracy, and General Specifications of Geodetic Control Surveys”
(1980). Copies of all field books, layout sheets, computation sheets, abstracts and computer printouts
are maintained for inclusion in the Final Report.

8.2.1 DESCRIPTION CARDS
A Description Card for each control point used is submitted along with a tabulated master list of all
points. The Description Card include the following:
• A north arrow;
• A sketch of each monument with it's location relative to reference marks, buildings, roads,
    railroads, towers, etc.
• A detailed, typed description telling how to locate the monument from an easily identifiable point;
• A sketch showing how to locate the monument;
• The monument's name or number;

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USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



•  The final adjusted coordinates and elevations in meters (to the closest 0.001m) and feet (to the
   closest 0.01 ft.).
The Description Cards are 5" X 8". Only one monument is recorded on each card. If any damaged
monuments are found, they will be clearly identified and reported to the former Fort Ord.

8.3 MAPPING
This task order contains two types of mapping requirements: to record the boundary locations of the
work areas and search grids and to record the spatial and description data for UXO items encountered.
The purpose of these requirements is to generate permanent records of the boundaries of the areas
which have been sampled and/or remediated and to record historical data concerning the location,
types, densities and dispersal patterns of UXO encountered within these areas. The USACE on-site
Safety Specialist determines the level of surveying detail required for documentation of ordnance scrap
located. The X & Y coordinates for UXO items, referenced to the California State Plane Grids
System, may be reported in general terms for areas where multiple UXO are located and the depths
may be generalized in zones such as: surface, surface to 1 foot below ground surface (bgs), 1 foot to 2
foot bgs, etc.

USA performs the survey and data collection activities associated with these requirements using RT-
DGPS GPS equipment and the following procedures:
• To identify and record the location of work area boundaries and corner locations for individual
  search grids, USA uses existing digital maps to determine the spatial coordinates for work area
  boundaries and for the corner locations of each search grid. This data is electronically uploaded, as
  waypoints, into GPS (Trimble Model: Professional (XL)) receivers. Once the ground locations are
  uploaded into the GPS receivers, the actual ground locations are reoccupied by navigating to the
  selected point and marking the ground location. This approach enables USA to methodically sub-
  divide each operating area into individual search grids and to efficiently transfer these sub-
  divisions to ground locations. Using RT-GPS enables USA to locate the actual ground locations to
  an accuracy of ±2 feet and to relocate all previously surveyed points to the same accuracy.
• To record the historic data associated with this task order, USA imports existing digital maps of the
  operating area into a GIS. This system consists of a GIS workstation and associated software
  (Intergraph Microstation Version 5.0). These maps are used to determine the spatial coordinates
  for laying out the individual work areas and operating grids (using the procedures outlined above).
  During operations data collected on each work area and operating grid is electronically entered into
  the project database and is subsequently used to monitor performance and operational trends and to
  produce deliverables for the After Action Reports and Final Removal Report.
• The historical data collected throughout the operational phase of this task order are transferred to
  digital media and turned over to USACE upon completion of the project. As part of both the
  individual work area After Action Reports and the Final Removal Report, USA prepares individual
  planimetric and/or topographic maps (at a scale no smaller than 1" = 200" feet). These maps will:

#    Depict the boundary coordinates for each work area and for individual search grids (which will be
     located to an accuracy of ±2 (two) feet) and will be plotted on a reproducible (mylar);
#    Depict the location of each control point used to perform the survey. All control points are
     identified on the map by their name or number and their final adjusted coordinates;
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                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



#    Include the following: grid north, true north, and a magnetic north arrow with the differences
     between them shown in minutes and seconds. Grid lines and tic marks in feet at systematic
     intervals with their grid values are shown on the edges of the map;
#    Contain a legend showing the standard USGS map symbols used and a map index showing the site
     in relationship to any other sites within the limits of the project area shown.
#    Show the location of UXO or clusters of UXO found during the sampling/removal operations to
     an accuracy of ±2 (two) feet unless instructed otherwise by the USACE OE Safety Specialist.

8.4 RECORDING AND TURN-IN OF DOCUMENTATION
All items will be bound and clearly marked and identified as specified below. Data recorded in the
field is in accordance with standard survey practice. Copies of all field books, layout sheets,
computation sheets, abstracts and computer printouts will be suitably bound and clearly marked and
labeled with the following information: "UXO Removal Action, Work Area: XX, former Fort Ord,
California”, date, USA Inc., 4904 Eisenhower Avenue, Tampa, FL 33634, Phone No. (813) 884-5722
and the number of the individual item.

8.5 SITE LAYOUT
Each work area is divided into individual operating grids. Each operating grid is comprised of a parcel
of land approximately 100 feet on a side. These dimensions yield highly manageable parcels
approximately 1/4 acre in size. These divisions are initially plotted on topographic or planimetric
maps and are subsequently transferred to the actual
terrain using RT-GPS receivers. In work areas where
sampling activities are to be performed the individual
grids are laid out using the pattern shown in figure 8-1.                                                  200 Feet




Operating Grids for removal activities are established
                                                                                                                      100 Feet




and marked using the same procedures as those used to                               200 Feet

establish sampling grids with the exception that the                                                   100 Feet

grids completely cover the operating area. Figure 8-2
depicts a typical layout for areas in which USA
performs a removal action. Note that the layout used for
the sampling layout is readily adapted to the removal
layout by the addition of collateral search grids in the
event it is determined a total removal action should be
performed.

                                                                               Grid / Boundary Lines
                                                                               Layout If Removal Action Required




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USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



8.6 SUMMARY
USA has developed a sound operational approach for
performing the surveying and mapping operations
associated with this task order. Our procedures ensure
that collected data is spatially correct and accurately
portrayed on task order deliverables.




                                                                                      Figure 8-2: Removal Action Grid Layout




                                            Standing Operating Procedures
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                               Task Order Numbers 0001 and 0002, Contract Number DACA87-96-D-0019
USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



                                                        Hantavirus

1.0 OBJECTIVES
To establish a policy to protect personnel engaged in the UXO remediation or sampling activities at the
former Fort Ord from potential exposure to MCV.

1.1 BACKGROUND
There have been confirmed cases of fatal Hantavirus infection in California in recent years. As a result,
this SOP has been developed to provide guidance to personnel at former Fort Ord, California whose
occupational activities might expose them to sources of this virus. USA has received task orders to
conduct sampling/removal activities in specified areas of the former Fort Ord. The concerns which
prompted the establishment of this SOP are still viable and a subsequent possibility exists that USA
employees may be exposed to Hantavirus, recently renamed the Muerto Canyon Virus (MCV).

1.2 METHOD OF TRANSMISSION
MCV is transmitted to humans through the inhalation of aerosolized excreta (feces, urine, and saliva)
and contaminated dust from rodents and their nests. This includes rats, deer mice, brush mice, and
western chipmunks. Some specified sites where USA employees will be working are infested with
significant numbers of rat nests that may be encountered during the conduct of UXO sampling or
remediation activities.

1.3 SYMPTOMS OF MCV INFECTION
Workers infected with MCV develop febrile or respiratory illness within 45 days of their last exposure.
The initial symptoms are flu-like and may progress to life threatening respiratory distress. Besides
supportive measures there are no proven therapeutic agents available for MCV at this time. Workers
showing symptoms should seek medical attention immediately. The physician should be informed that
MCV is a potential occupational risk and a blood sample be drawn for comparison with the baseline
serum sample. The blood samples should be forwarded to the California State Department of Health
for transfer to the Center of Disease Control for testing. The required storage for drawn serum of -20
degrees Celsius may be impractical for extended periods in many locations. The serum will aid in
diagnosis by clarifying baseline status, but it is not essential.

1.3.1 MEDICAL PROGRAM
All employees working at the former Fort Ord site have baseline blood serum samples drawn during
the conduct of their pre-employment physical. The examination also includes a medical and
occupational history review, blood and urine tests for contaminants of interest, electrocardiogram,
pulmonary function tests, chest x-ray and general physical examination including hearing and vision.

1.4 SPECIALIZED TRAINING
Specialized training regarding MCV is conducted during site-specific training for personnel who will
be employed at the site. It includes use of protective equipment, safe and effective use and application
of functional tools and equipment, work procedures and practices, medical surveillance requirements,
recognition of symptoms and signs of exposure, physical nature of possible sources of exposure and
appropriate first aid.

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                               Task Order Numbers 0001 and 0002, Contract Number DACA87-96-D-0019
USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



1.5 EXPOSURE PREVENTION
The following procedures will be used to minimize exposure to MCV.

1.5.1 INDOOR WORK AREAS
It is not anticipated that USA employees will be involved in “indoor work areas” where there is a
potential for exposure to MCV. If this should occur, or if additional buildings or housing to support
USA’s operations are acquired on the former Fort Ord which have been closed up or vacant for long
periods of time, the following procedures will apply:
     •       Open building and air it out for at least 30 minutes prior to clean up;
     •       Spray the area heavily with an EPA and DOD approved insecticide such as RAID;
     •       Spray the indoor area with a household disinfectant (a bleach solution will be used).

1.5.2 FIELD LATRINES
The Army field latrines located throughout POM-A are considered to be contaminated with MCV.
These latrines are not used by USA personnel. Latrines will be entered only as necessary to determine
if ordnance is located within the structure. Field toilet facilities will consist of port-a-johns,
strategically located within the work sites.

1.5.3 OUTDOOR WORK AREAS
Rat nests exist in varying numbers throughout the sites specified for sampling or remediation. It is
expected that these are the prime threat of exposure for USA employees. When encountered during
the course of brush clearing activities the rat nests are cordoned off with engineers tape and avoided.
During brush clearing in close proximity to the nests care is exercised to avoid disturbing or creating
dust clouds from them. The presence of these nests is recorded on grid sheets by the team leaders.
During the conduct of UXO search activities cordoned-off rat nests are avoided and the engineers tape
left in place. Care is exercised not to disturb the nests.

1.6 EXCAVATION TEAM OPERATIONS
After all brush cutting and UXO search activities in the grid are complete, the excavation team
disinfects, searches and clears the areas beneath the nests.

1.6.1 DECONTAMINATION METHOD
MCV is easily killed in the environment with common disinfectant solutions such as household bleach
or rubbing alcohol and direct sunlight will kill the virus in less than one hour.

1.6.1.1 DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT
The below listed equipment may be used for nest decontamination and destruction:
    •     Backhoe;
    •     Backpack fire pumps;
    •     5 gal. Water containers, buckets and brushes;
    •     Plastic storage and disposal bags;
    •     Drop Cloth;
    •     Bleach and alcohol;
    •     Rakes and Pitchforks;
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                               Task Order Numbers 0001 and 0002, Contract Number DACA87-96-D-0019
USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



    •        Other search and clearance equipment normally carried by teams.

1.6.1.2 PERSONNEL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)
Modified Level “D” is the PPE required for personnel engaged in activities where a possibility of
exposure to MCV exists. The SSO, in conjunction with the CIH will make any applicable changes.
Clothing items are:
    •      Half-face, air purifying respirator with high efficiency particulate (HEPA) filter cartridges
       (N/P/R 99,100) and non-vented goggles or high filtration dust mask with non-vented goggles;
    •      Coveralls with hood (disposable if possible); rubber or plastic gloves; rubber boots or
       disposable shoe covers;
    •      Wrists and ankles will be sealed with tape;
    •      Hard hats will be worn in vicinity of earth moving equipment (backhoe).

Respirator Instructions: Respirator fitting, inspection and maintenance procedures are included at
the end of this SOP and in the Respiratory Protection SOP.

Personal Hygiene: Employees are to be instructed in appropriate personal hygiene to include: no
eating, drinking or smoking in potentially contaminated areas and to be diligent about hand washing
and cleaning of masks.

                                                   Note
                     The wearer must be clean shaven prior to donning a mask/respirator.

1.6.2 PROCEDURES FOR CLEARING RODENT NESTING AREAS
The below listed procedures are used by the excavation team when disinfecting, searching and clearing
nests:
    •      All members of the team dress out in prescribed protective ensemble;
    •      If the backhoe is to be used, the operator positions the backhoe to facilitate access to the
       nest(s);
    •      The nest is heavily sprayed (drenched) with bleach solution;
    •      Nest materials are swept clear of the nest location with the backhoe or the rakes and
       pitchforks, with care being taken not to spread the materials over too large an area;
    •      The nest is checked with a magnetometer:
            If no anomalies are detected the team continues to the next area;
            If an anomaly is detected, the team proceeds to the next step;
    •      Contacts are excavated as necessary, leaving materials dislodged.
    •      Spray again with bleach solution. Drench all materials and original nest site

                                                NOTE
                Be Prepared for Rodents or Snakes to Flee the Nest As Activities Progress.

   Chapter 24 NOTE
   The decision to use the backhoe or rakes and hand tools to clear nests is at the team Leader’s
   discretion, based on consideration for:
 _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
            •    Access to the nests with the backhoe;                                           Page F-3-37
            •                Task Order and locations;
                 Nest size, quantity    Numbers 0001 and 0002, Contract Number DACA87-96-D-0019

            •    Environmental impact likely to be incurred through maneuvering the backhoe in
                 and out of position (i.e. tire ruts, impressions and outrigger disturbance of top
USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001




1.6.3 FIELD SANITATION
Upon completion of work in a potential MCV contamination area team personnel process themselves
through the team field sanitation station.
    • Waste materials are placed in plastic bags with disinfectant solution which will
       completely wet the disposed item. The plastic bag is then placed in trash receptacles for
       disposal as ordinary waste;
    •      Non-waste materials (coveralls, gloves, etc.,) are placed in plastic bags with disinfectant
       solution which will completely wet the items. Upon return to the support compound the items
       are then processed for ordinary laundering.

1.7 RESPIRATOR FIT TESTING, INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
Employees required to wear a respirator must be fitted properly and tested for a face seal prior to use
of the respirator in a contaminated area. Manufacturers provide fitting instructions and use limitations
on their product packaging. The following points should be considered for respirator inspection and
maintenance:
    • The wearer of a respirator will inspect it daily whenever it is in use;
    • Supervisory personnel will periodically spot check respirators for fit, usage, and condition;
    • Respirators not discarded after one shift use will be cleaned on a daily basis, according to the
        manufacturer’s instructions, by the assigned employee or other designated person;
    • Respirators not discarded after one shift use will be stored in a suitable container away from
        areas of contamination;
    • Whenever feasible, respirators not discarded after one shift use will be marked or stored in such
        a manner to assure that they are worn only by the assigned employee. If use by more than one
        employee is required, the respirator will be cleaned between uses;
    • Inspection and maintenance of respirators will be documented in the team leaders notebook.


1.8 SUMMARY
This SOP establishes guidance and procedures that should minimize potential occupational exposure to
MCV by personnel employed by USA to be engaged in UXO remediation and sampling activities at
the former Fort Ord.




Chapter 4 Standing Operating Procedures
                                Demolition Operations
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                               Task Order Numbers 0001 and 0002, Contract Number DACA87-96-D-0019
USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001




2.0 GENERAL
The following USA policies are not all-inclusive nor are they applicable in all situations. This SOP is
not a stand-alone document and is to be used together with the Work Plan (WP), Site Safety and
Health Plan (SSHP), applicable Federal, State and local regulations and contract restrictions and
guidance as well as references cited in paragraph 2.1.

2.1 REFERENCES
    · CEHNC Safety Considerations for UXOs;
    · USA Safety and Health Program (SHP);
    · OSHA, 29 CFR 1910, General Industry Standards;
    · OSHA, 29 CFR 1926, Construction Standards;
    · Applicable sections of EPA, 40 CFR Parts 260 to 299, Protection of Environment;
    · Applicable sections of DOT, 49 CFR Parts 100 to 199, Transportation;
    · USACE EM 385-1-1, Safety and Health Requirements Manual;
    · USACE ER 385-1-92, Safety and Occupational Health Document Requirements for Hazardous
      Waste Remedial Actions;
    · DOD 4145.26-M, Contractors' Safety Manual for Ammunition and Explosives;
    · DOD 6055.9-STD, DOD Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards;
    · DOD 4160.21-M, Defense Reutilization and Marketing Manual;
    · DA PAM 385-64, Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards;
    · AR 385-64, Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards;
    · AR 200-1, Environmental Protection and Enhancement;
    · AR 385-10, The Army Safety Program;
    · AR 385-16, System Safety Engineering and Management;
    · AR 385-40 w/USACE supplement, Accident Reporting and Records;
    · TM 9-1300-200, Ammunition General;
    · TM 9-1300-214, Military Explosives;
    · TM 60 Series Publications.

2.2 GENERAL EXPLOSIVE OPERATIONS
The following is a general guide for explosive operations:
• Analyze explosive operations with a view towards reducing the number of personnel and quantity
   of explosive material subject to an accident. However, never allow one person to work alone;
• Prohibit tasks not necessary to the explosive operation in the fragmentation zone of such
   operations;
• Use sufficient warning signals and maintain a restricted/exclusion area when explosive operations
   are conducted. Cease operations when non-UXO personnel are present;
• Comply with the authorized explosive limits and safe separation distances;
• Discontinue explosive operations when unforeseen hazard conditions develop and do not resume
   until the condition is corrected;
• Smoke only in designated areas;
• Plan for, provide for, and know the emergency procedures in the event of an accident;

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                               Task Order Numbers 0001 and 0002, Contract Number DACA87-96-D-0019
USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



•   Use special care in handling damaged or deteriorated explosives, munitions items, and other
    hazardous materials;
•   Disperse explosives awaiting destruction, in small quantities at safe distances, and protect them
    from unintentional initiation;
•   Protect explosives and munitions items from the elements and static electricity;
•   Provide an emergency vehicle outside the fragmentation zone for response in the event of an
    accident;
•   Perform explosive operations during daylight hours;
•   Carry blasting caps in an approved container and handle them carefully;
•   Do not use UXOs for donor charges in demolition operations. They may be in an extremely
    sensitive and hazardous condition;
•   Use caution when investigating post-demolition shots. Search the area after each shot for any
    remaining explosives or explosive components.

2.3 SAFETY FOR OE SITES
These basic safety considerations and precautions are the minimum OE safety requirements required of
all personnel on site. Other precautions and requirements are in the CEHNC Safety Concepts and
basic Considerations Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) at Appendix A, Tab 2 and other applicable OE
manuals.

2.3.1 BASIC SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS
The following should be taken into consideration when planning or conducting UXO operations:
• SAFETY IS PARAMOUNT;
• The preferred method of disposal is Blow (detonate) in Place (BIP);
• Do not move or disturb unidentified items.
• All UXOs will be identified, independently, by two (2) UXO technicians;
• Do not collect souvenirs;
• Do not smoke except in designated areas;
• Do not carry fire or spark producing devices into the site;
• All UXO operations will use the "Buddy" system;
• Prohibit unnecessary personnel from visiting the site;
• Demolition operations will be TM 60A-1-1-31.

2.3.2 BASIC SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
The following safety precautions are applicable to all UXOs:
• Suspend all operations immediately upon approach of an electrical storm;
• Observe the hazards of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) precautions and grounding procedures
    when working with, or on, electrically initiated or susceptible OE;
• Do not dismantle, strip, or handle any UXO unnecessarily;
• Avoid inhalation and skin contact with smoke, fumes, dust, and vapors of detonations and OE
    residue;
• Do not attempt to extinguish burning explosives or any fire which might involve explosive
    materials;
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                               Task Order Numbers 0001 and 0002, Contract Number DACA87-96-D-0019
USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



•   Do not manipulate external features of ordnance items;
•   Incorporate appropriate property and personnel protective measures for shock and fragmentation
    when conducting OE operations;
•   Do not subject OE to rough handling or transportation. Sand bag, chock, and block appropriately;
•   Carry explosives in an appropriate container;
•   Hand carry no more than two items (one in each hand) at a time and then only as required by the
    operation being performed;
•   Destroy shaped charge munitions by crushing the cone to prevent formation of the explosive jet;
•   The preferred method for disposing of white phosphorous (WP) is to blow the munitions in a
    manner that disperses the WP into the air versus down into the ground;
•   Do not transport damaged WP munitions unless fully submerged in water;
•   Avoid unnecessary movement of armed or damaged UXOs;
•   Avoid the forward portions of munitions employing proximity fuzing; and
•   Assume unknown fuzes contain cocked strikers or anti-disturbance features.

2.3.3 GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS FOR MUNITIONS
The following sub-paragraphs describe safety precautions for various types of munitions/disposal
operations:

2.3.3.1 BOMBS
• Ensure fuze wells do not contain fuze components;
• Exercise caution when packing fuze wells of bombs or projectiles with explosives .

2.3.3.2 CLUSTERS, DISPENSERS, LAUNCHERS
• Approach and work from the sides of a dispenser;
• Consider an intact dispenser as fully or partially loaded;
• Consider any payloads outside the container or dislodged inside as armed;
• Take precautions for the most hazardous payloads until positively identified.

2.3.3.3 PROJECTILES
• Determine if the projectile has been fired and if so consider it armed;
• Check for the presence of unburned tracers;
• Avoid the rear and front of rocket assisted projectiles;
• Handle projectile components such as powder increments, cartridges, and primers with caution;
• Seal the open ends of projectiles or sheared projectile components with tape or other suitable
    material before transporting.

2.3.3.4 GRENADES
• Do not attempt to re-install safety pins on a dud fired grenade;
• Do not attempt to withdraw impinged firing pins from the fuze of a dud fired grenade;
• Do not dispose of grenades by functioning them as designed.

2.3.3.5 ROCKETS
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                               Task Order Numbers 0001 and 0002, Contract Number DACA87-96-D-0019
USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



•   Approach and work on rockets from the side;
•   Do not dismantle or strip dud fired rockets or rocket motors;
•   Do not expose electrically fired munitions to radio transmissions within 25 feet;
•   Do not transport an unfired rocket motor until having shielded the motor igniter from EMR;
•   Treat unfired rocket motors, with or without warheads, in such a manner as to prevent them from
    becoming propulsive.

2.3.3.6 GUIDED MISSILES
• When found, restrict vehicular movement in the area of a guided missile;
• Avoid entanglement with guidance wires of wire guided missiles;
• Restrict radio communications in the vicinity of a dud fired missile;
• Approach and work on missiles from the side and rear quarter;
• Do not dismantle or strip dud fired missiles or missile motors;
• Do not transport an unfired missile motor until having shielded the motor igniter from EMR;
• Treat unfired missile motors, with or without warheads, in such a manner as to prevent them
    becoming propulsive.

2.4 DEMOLITION PROCEDURES
The following sub-paragraphs outline the procedures USA personnel will use to perform both electric
and non-electric demolition operations.

2.4.1 FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES
• The method that provides the most positive control over the specific time of detonation is electric.
    However, situations may occur, such as an area with a high EMR hazard, when non-electric firing
    may be the only option;
• Cut fuse long enough when initiating a non-electric charge to reach a safe distance by walking at a
    normal pace. Use a minimum of five (5) minutes safe separation time on all shots;
• A minimum of 30 seconds separation time will be observed between multiple non-electric shots
    initiated simultaneously;
• A mandatory 60 minute, plus the burn time of the fuse, wait will be observed on misfires;
• For all buried charges use a dual priming system and Detonating Cord, DO NOT BURY CAPS.
• The demolition UXO Supervisor will investigate misfires;
• A “fire in the hole” warning will be sounded three times, verbally and on the radio prior to firing a
    shot.

2.4.2 NON-ELECTRIC DEMOLITION PROCEDURES
The following safety and operating procedures will be used to assemble and detonate explosive
charges using non-electric firing trains.


2.4.2.1 SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS
Do all demolition capping preparation procedures a safe distance (minimum 25 feet) from the item(s)
to be destroyed and demolition charges. Observe the following safety considerations:
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USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



•   Do not strike, roughly handle, tamper with or attempt to remove or investigate the contents of a
    blasting cap;
•   Handle caps only by their open end except during attachment to time fuse or detonating cord;
•   Maintain positive control of caps;
•   Do not force time fuse or detonating cord into caps;
•   Always point explosive end of caps away from body and other personnel during handling and
    crimping;
•   Handle primed safety fuse and sensitized detonating cord with care. Avoid contact between caps
    and/or between caps and other hard objects; and
•   Do not allow time fuse to coil up and contact itself, other time fuse, or explosives.

2.4.2.2 NON-ELECTRIC FIRING PROCEDURES
Assemble all equipment and explosives. Keep blasting caps away from explosives until priming the
shot.
 # Test burn time fuse:
 # Cut, and dispose of on the shot, the first 6 inches of fuse. This will preclude an inaccurate burn
     rate or misfire due to moisture.
 # Cut and test burn an appropriate length of fuse (no less than 3 feet) to determine burn rate. These
     procedures will be accomplished at least 25 feet from explosives.
 # Compute and cut time fuse to length (minimum 5 minutes) required for safe separation time;
 # Inspect cap for foreign matter. Do not blow into cap to clear. Holding cap by the open end,
     lightly tap wrists together. If the foreign matter remains, dispose of the cap (on the shot) and use a
     new cap;
 # Crimp cap on time fuse, 1/8 to 1/4 inch from the base of the cap and attach fuse lighter.

# Lay out and weight down time fuse;
# Prime explosive charge, sound the warning, initiate the fuse, and return to the safe area.


NOTE
2.4.2.3 NON-ELECTRIC MISFIRE PROCEDURES
   WAIT A MINIMUM OF 60 MINUTES AFTER MAXIMUM DELAY COMPUTED FOR ANY PART OF
   THE DISPOSAL SHOT TO ELAPSE BEFORE PROCEEDING DOWN RANGE.


# Up range, prepare a new non-electric firing system to include a new donor charge;
# After the required wait time has elapsed proceed down range. Place a new charge close enough to
  the original charge to ensure detonation of both charges. When employing a detonating cord firing
  system: after the wait time, proceed down range, cut the detonating cord between the cap and the
  charge and attach a new firing system to the end of the detonating cord going to the original
  charge. Destroy the cut detonating cord and cap with the newly primed shot; then
# Sound the warning, initiate the new firing system and return to the safe area.

2.4.3   ELECTRIC DEMOLITION PROCEDURES
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                               Task Order Numbers 0001 and 0002, Contract Number DACA87-96-D-0019
USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



Personnel performing electrically initiated demolition operations will strictly adhere to the following
safety and operating procedures:

2.4.3.1 SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS
Do all demolition preparation procedures a safe distance (minimum 25 feet) from the item(s) to be
destroyed. Observe the following safety considerations:
• Never hook up caps to unshunted wire;
• Never leave caps unshunted unless actually testing or hooking to firing wire; and
• Observe explosive safety (i.e.; do not strike, handle roughly, tamper with or attempt to investigate
    the contents of the blasting cap;

2.4.3.2 ELECTRIC FIRING PROCEDURES
The following procedures will be used to assemble, test and function electric firing trains:
• Prior to going down range, gather all equipment and explosives;
• Lay out (from the site to the safe area) and test firing wire;
• Ground yourself prior to breaking out caps. Keep explosive end of cap pointed away from the body
    and other personnel;
• Grip the cap lead wires 3" to 6" behind the base of the cap, pull an initial arm's length of wire off
    the wire coil;
• Barricade the cap, at least 25 feet from other explosives;
• Unshunt and test blasting cap(s);
• Splice the cap leads to the firing wire in a parallel circuit and insulate connections;
• Prime the shot;
• Return to the safe area and test the circuit for continuity;
• Hook up the firing machine, sound the warning, and fire the shot.

2.4.3.3 ELECTRIC MISFIRE PROCEDURES

                                     NOTE
WAIT 30 MINUTES UNLESS IT CAN BE ASCERTAINED THAT THE BLASTING FAILURE IS
STRICTLY ELECTRICAL .

A MALFUNCTIONED CAP MAY HAVE INITIATED A BURNING EXPLOSIVE CHARGE. IF THE
MISFIRE IS STRICTLY ELECTRICAL IN NATURE, CORRECTIVE ACTION MAY BE TAKEN
IMMEDIATELY.

IF THE CHARGES ARE PRIMED WITH A DUAL FIRING SYSTEM, PERFORM THE
APPROPRIATE PROCEDURES FOR BOTH SYSTEMS.

Prevention of Electric Misfires: In order to prevent misfires, insure that:
• All blasting caps are included in firing circuit;
• All connections between blasting cap wires, connecting wires and firing wires are properly made.
• Short circuits are avoided;
• Grounds are avoided; and
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USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



•   Number of blasting caps in any circuit does not exceed rated capacity of power source on hand.

Causes of Electric Misfires: Common specific causes of electric misfires include:
• Inoperative or weak blasting machine or power source;
• Improperly operated blasting machine or power source;
• Defective and damaged connections, causing either a short circuit, a break in the circuit, or high
   resistance with resulting low current;
• Faulty blasting caps;
• The use in the same circuit of blasting caps made by different manufacturers or of different design;
   or
• The use of more blasting caps than power source rating permits.

Clearing Electric Misfires: If charge is primed electrically, proceed as follows:
• Make several successive attempts to fire;
• Check firing wire connections to blasting machine terminals to be sure that contacts are good;
• Make two or three more attempts to fire charge;
• Disconnect blasting machine and short firing wire;
• A mandatory 30 minute wait will be observed on misfires.
• Test firing circuit with circuit tester for breaks and short circuits, and correct any defects
   discovered.
• Remove and disconnect old blasting cap(s) and short wires;
• Connect wires of new blasting caps(s) to firing circuit and re-prime charge;
• Reconnect firing wire ends to blasting machine, sound the warning, and fire charge(s).

2.4.4 MULTIPLE SENSITIVE UXOS DESTRUCTION PROCEDURES
Personnel will use the following procedures to explosively link multiple shots, using detonating cord:
• Lay out detonation (Detonating) cord trunk line from the initiation point to the farthest UXO, being
    careful not to contact the UXOs with the Detonating cord, and weighing down (securing) the
    Detonating cord as you go;
• Working from the farthest UXO to the initiation point, cut Detonating cord branch lines of
    sufficient length, to include additional length for knots and overlap, to reach from the trunk line to
    the UXO;
• Prepare one end of the branch line, (i.e., sensitize with a knot);
• Attach the bare end of the branch line to the trunk line;
• Utilizing the sensitized end of the branch line, prime a charge and place it as close as possible to,
    but not touching, the UXO;
• Inspect the trunk and branch lines to make sure none of the primed charges have moved and that no
    branch line exceeds a 90 angle with the trunk line from the direction of initiation; then
• Proceed to the initiation point and prepare a firing system, either electric or non-electric, sound the
    warning and initiate the shot.


2.5 SUMMARY
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USA                AAR –100% Grid Sampling/4' OE Removal- Site OE-53, Former Fort Ord, CA
                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



USA uses proven procedures and methods to assemble and function both electric and non-electric
explosive demolition shots. Only UXO Trained personnel will perform tasks associated with the
assembly and functioning of demolition charges. The procedures outlined in this SOP are based on
industry standards and ensure that operations are safely and efficiently performed.




                                         Standing Operating Procedures
                                       Explosives Storage and Accountability
 _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001




3.0 GENERAL
The following USA policies are not all inclusive nor are they applicable in all situations. This SOP is
not a stand-alone document and is to be used together with the Work Plan (WP), Site Safety and
Health Plan (SSHP), applicable Federal, State, local regulations and, contract restrictions and
guidance.

3.1 REFERENCES
Procedures and information contained in this document were obtained from the below listed
references:
    · CEHNC Safety Considerations for UXOs;
    · USA Safety and Health Program (SHP);
    · OSHA, 29 CFR 1910, Occupational Safety and Health Standards;
    · OSHA, 29 CFR 1926, Construction Standards;
    · Applicable sections of EPA, 40 CFR Parts 260 to 299, Protection of Environment;
    · Applicable sections of DOT, 49 CFR Parts 100 to 199, Transportation;
    · ATF P 5400.7, ATF-Explosives Law and Regulations;
    · USACE EM 385-1-1, Safety and Health Requirements Manual;
    · USACE ER 385-1-92, Safety and Occupational Health Document Requirements for Hazardous
       Waste Remedial Actions;
    · DOD 4145.26-M, Contractors' Safety Manual for Ammunition and Explosives;
    · DOD 6055.9-STD, DOD Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards;
    · DOD 4160.21-M, Defense Reutilization and Marketing Manual;
    · DA PAM 385-64, Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards;
    · AR 385-64, Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards;
    · AR 200-1, Environmental Protection and Enhancement;
    · AR 385-10, The Army Safety Program;
    · AR 385-16, System Safety Engineering and Management;
    · AR 385-40 w/USACE supplement, Accident Reporting and Records;
    · TM 9-1300-200, Ammunition General;
    · TM 9-1300-214, Military Explosives;
    · TM 60 Series Publications.

3.2 STORAGE AND ACCOUNTABILITY
Demolition operations require the availability and storage of explosive materials. To the maximum
extent possible, local government facilities will be used.

3.2.1 STORAGE
USA will comply with local storage criteria and procedures when using Government facilities. When
required to provide explosive storage USA will:
• Use portable approved Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF) Type 2 structures or
    existing government furnished magazines;
• Locate, install, and maintain the magazines to comply with the magazine criteria and quantity
    distance requirements established in DOD 6055.9-STD, DOD Ammunition and Explosives Safety
    Standards;
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                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



•   Install sufficient magazines to comply with explosive compatibility requirements, (i.e., bulk
    explosives, initiating explosives, and OE;
•   Establish security, such as fencing and/or guards, to prevent unauthorized access and/or theft.

Type 2 Outdoor Magazines: A type 2 magazine is a box, trailer, semi-trailer, or other mobile facility.

•   General: Outdoor magazines will be bullet-resistant, fire-resistant, weather-resistant, theft-
    resistant, and ventilated. They will be supported to prevent direct contact with the ground and, if
    less than one cubic yard in size, will be securely fastened to a fixed object. The ground around
    outdoor magazines must slope away for drainage or other adequate drainage provided. When
    unattended, vehicular magazines must have wheels removed or otherwise effectively immobilized
    by kingpin locking devices or other methods.

•   Exterior Construction: The exterior and doors are to be of not less than 1/4 inch steel and lined
    with at least two inches of hardwood. Magazines with top openings will have lids with water-
    resistant seals or which overlap the sides by at least one inch when in a closed position.

•   Hinges and Hasps: Hinges and hasps will be attached to doors by welding, riveting, or bolting
    (nuts on inside of door). Hinges and hasps will be installed so they cannot be removed when the
    doors are closed and locked.

•   Locks: Each door will be equipped with two padlocks fastened in separate hasps and staples.
    Padlocks must have at least five tumblers and a case-hardened shackle of at least 3/8 inch diameter.
    Padlocks will be protected with not less than 1/4 inch steel hoods constructed so as to prevent
    sawing or lever action on the locks, hasps, and staples.

3.2.2 ACCOUNTABILITY
USA will employ the following procedures to account for explosive materials:
• Control of and access to explosive magazines will be strictly controlled by the project manager. All
    issues and turn-ins of explosives will be properly documented and verified, though physical count,
    by a Senior UXO Supervisor.
• On receipt, the type, quantity, and lot number of each explosive item is recorded in the magazine
    data card and the original receipt documents will be maintained on file by the project manager;
• All requests for explosives, from the individual operating sites, will be reviewed by the senior
    UXO supervisor. Only sufficient explosives for the day's operations are issued;
• Issues of explosives are recorded on explosive usage records (Figure 2) and deducted from the
    magazine data card(s) (Figure 1). This procedure will ensure that the quantities of explosives on-
    the-floor in the magazine reflect the quantities listed on the magazine data card, and that issued
    explosives are accounted for while they are in the possession of individual users;
• Entries made on the explosive usage records and magazine data cards will be verified through
    physical count by the UXO Supervisor drawing or turning-in the explosives and the Senior UXO
    Supervisor.
• All unused explosives are turned-in at the end of each day, re-entered on the magazine data card
    and recorded on the explosive usage record;
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•   At the end of each day the senior UXO supervisor and the UXO supervisor reconcile the entries on
    each explosive usage record.
•   Monthly, the Project Manager will direct that the QC specialist perform a 100% inventory of all
    explosives on hand. These inspections will include a physical count of the explosives and a
    comparison of this amount with the amount listed on the individual magazine data cards.
    Discrepancies and the results of these inventories will be recorded and reported to the Project
    Manager.

3.3 SUMMARY
The procedures contained in this SOP ensure that explosive materials are properly stored, accounted
for, and issued. These procedures will be strictly followed and violations of these policies may result in
an employee’s immediate dismissal.




                                      Standing Operating Procedures
                                  Ammunition and Explosives Transportation

4.0 GENERAL
The following USA policies are not all inclusive nor are they applicable in all situations. This SOP is
not a stand-alone document and is to be used together with the Work Plan (WP), Site Safety and
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                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



Health Plan (SSHP), applicable Federal, State, local regulations and, contract restrictions and
guidance.

4.1 REFERENCES
Procedures and information contained in this document were obtained from the below listed
references:
    · CEHNC Safety Considerations for UXOs;
    · CMS Safety and Health Program (SHP);
    · OSHA, 29 CFR 1910, General Industry Standards;
    · OSHA, 29 CFR 1926, Construction Standards;
    · Applicable sections of EPA, 40 CFR Parts 260 to 299, Protection of Environment;
    · Applicable sections of DOT, 49 CFR Parts 100 to 199, Transportation;
    · USACE EM 385-1-1, Safety and Health Requirements Manual;
    · USACE ER 385-1-92, Safety and Occupational Health Document Requirements for Hazardous
       Waste Remedial Actions;
    · DoD 4145.26-M, Contractors' Safety Manual for Ammunition and Explosives;
    · DoD 6055.9-STD, DoD Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards;
    · DoD 4160.21-M, Defense Reutilization and Marketing Manual;
    · DA PAM 385-64, Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards;
    · AR 385-64, Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards;
    · AR 200-1, Environmental Protection and Enhancement;
    · AR 385-10, The Army Safety Program;
    · AR 385-16, System Safety Engineering and Management;
    · AR 385-40 w/USACE supplement, Accident Reporting and Records;
    · TM 9-1300-200, Ammunition General;
    · TM 9-1300-214, Military Explosives;
    · TM 60 Series Publications.

4.2 TRANSPORTATION REQUIREMENTS FOR EXPLOSIVES AND OE
Transportation of OE and explosives will comply with all Federal, State, and local regulations. Permits
are not required under CERCLA for on-site or on Federal Installation transportation of explosives or
OE.

4.2.1 OFF-SITE TRANSPORTATION
Off-site shipment of OE will be made using commercial carriers approved to transport ammunition and
explosives, Class A and B, for the Department of Defense. For off-site shipment:
• OE will be packaged IAW 49 CFR part 173;
• Drivers will be provided DD Form 836 (Special Instructions for Motor Vehicle Drivers);
• Vehicles will be inspected using DD form 626, Motor Vehicle Inspection, and be properly
    placarded distance requirements established in DOD 6055.9-STD, DOD Ammunition and
    Explosives Safety Standards;
• Compatibility requirements will be observed; and
• The load shall be well braced and, except when in closed vans, covered with a fire-resistant
    tarpaulin.
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4.2.2 FEDERAL INSTALLATIONS/ON-SITE TRANSPORTATION
Transportation of explosives and OE on site and on Federal Installations will comply with the
following:
• Vehicles will be inspected daily using DD form 626, Motor Vehicle Inspection, and will be
    properly placarded;
• Explosives will be transported in closed vehicles whenever possible. When using an open vehicle
    explosives will be covered with a flame resistant tarpaulin (except when loading/unloading);
• Vehicle engine will not be running when loading/unloading explosives;
• Beds of vehicles will have either a plastic bed liner, dunnage, or sand bags to protect the explosives
    from contact with the metal bed and fittings;
• Vehicles transporting explosives will have a first aid kit, two 10 BC rated fire extinguisher, and
    communications capability;
• Initiating explosives, such as blasting caps, will remain separated at all times;
• Compatibility requirements will be observed;
• Operators transporting explosives will have a valid drivers license; and
• Drivers will comply with posted speed limits but will not exceed a safe and reasonable for
    conditions. Vehicles transporting explosives off-road will not exceed 25 MPH.

4.3 SUMMARY
Transportation of explosives presents risks to both the vehicle operator and the surrounding populace.
The procedures contained in this SOP are designed to eliminate and/or mitigate these risks. Personnel
engaged in these activities will strictly comply with these procedures and those contained in the
referenced documents.




Standing Operating Procedures
                                                     Backhoe Operations

5.0 BACKGROUND
Backhoes are used at the former Fort Ord Site to excavate during investigation of subsurface magnetic
anomalies, during clearing of rodent nests and for minor road repair to facilitate site access and egress.
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                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001




5.1 SCOPE
This standing operating procedure (SOP) contains information specific to the former Fort Ord site. It
includes copies of the Operators Manual and the Lubrication and Maintenance Guide for the Ford
575D backhoe. It may also include manuals and publications relevant to other backhoes that may be
leased, purchased or otherwise employed on the site. It is incumbent upon all designated operators to
familiarize themselves with this SOP and to periodically review it an effort to remain current with safe,
productive backhoe procedures.

5.2 OPERATIONS
USA employees who operate backhoes on the former Fort Ord Site will be qualified through on-the -
job training (OJT); equivalent OJT documented through previous employment or experience or
through documented formal training. When engaged in backhoe operations the operator will perform
daily inspection and maintenance functions and operate the backhoe as directed. He will also conduct
OJT of other operators at the team leader’s discretion.

5.2.1 PERSONNEL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)
Modified Level D PPE will be required for personnel engaged in backhoe operations. Clothing items
will be:
• Coveralls or work clothing as prescribed;
• Work gloves, leather or canvas, as appropriate;
• Safety glasses - as wind conditions and airborne particulate matter dictates;
• Hardhats;
• Work Boots: Sturdy and of sufficient height to aid in ankle support;
• Hearing Protection: Noise Attenuating Helmet or ear plugs will be worn by anyone within 25 feet
    of the Ford 575 D backhoe while it is operating. Hearing protection for any other backhoe brought
    on site will be determined through a Noise Survey (sound level meter survey); and
• Dust Masks - as wind conditions and airborne particulate matter dictates.

NOTE: If the backhoe is being used for the clearance of rat nests to facilitate a magnetometer sweep
  PPE will be IAW the USA Hantavirus SOP.

5.2.2 GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
The following lateral distances will be maintained when operating a backhoe on a UXO site:
 # 200' from non-UXO trained personnel;
 # 200' from another backhoe;
 # 200' from other UXO personnel conducting manual, intrusive operations.

These distances may be reduced or extended by the USACE site safety representative, based on an
assessment of site history, expected UXO, terrain features or other such factors that may apply. The
backhoe will not be operated without a spotter. This includes using the front and rear attachments, and
backing the tractor. Prior to starting an excavation, a safety arc will be etched in the ground with the
rear boom, fully extended. If operating on a hard surface, the safety arc will be marked with bright
spray paint. Prior to anyone entering the safety arc, the operators will:
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#   Swing the boom arm fully to one side;
#   Lower the bucket to the ground;
#   Return the engine to idle speed;
#   Hold his hands clear of the controls or in the "Hands Up" position.

5.2.2.1 EQUIPMENT SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
See the Ford Operator's Manual; issue 3/94, pages ii through v.

5.2.3 TEAM COMPOSITION
The Team Leader will serve as a safety observer and director for other team personnel and all members
of the backhoe team will be UXO qualified. The minimum team make-up will be:
 # One operator;
 # One ground person; and
 # One Team Leader/UXO Supervisor.

5.2.3.1 GROUND PERSONNEL
Team members working on a backhoe team will be qualified through OJT and will perform such tasks
as magnetometer checks, manual excavation and checks of the hole.

5.2.4 TRAINING
Training will be documented in Team Leaders field notebooks and in USA on-site records.

5.2.5 GENERAL OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES
The operator will have a radio in place so he can monitor radio transmissions while driving the
backhoe to and from excavation sites. Prior to shutting off the tractor engine the operator should let
the engine run at idle speed for a few minutes to allow the turbo charger to cool. Prior to excavation
operations the UXO Supervisor shall establish/review hand signals with all members to the team. The
backhoe will not be used to excavate closer than 12 inches from UXO. Removed dirt will be placed at
least 2 feet from the expected edge of the excavation, and on the uphill side when working on a slope.
Excavations will not be deeper than 4 feet without authorization from the USACE site safety
representative. Such excavations require the Site Safety Officer to determine step/slope requirements.




                                            Standing Operating Procedures
                                             Explosive Storage Location

6.0 PURPOSE
To delineate responsibilities and prescribe policy and procedural guidance for the effective operation
of the former Fort Ord Explosive Storage Location (ESL).
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                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001




6.1 GENERAL
This is not a stand-alone document. It is to be used in conjunction with the former Fort Ord Work Plan
and all applicable references therein.

6.2 POLICIES
All personnel responsible for explosive management and demolition operations with ensuing duties in
the ESL will familiarize themselves with the contents of this Operating Instruction (OI). Copies of this
OI will be available to all assigned personnel governed by these provisions. The ESL will be operated
as required to support operational requirements.

6.3 RESPONSIBILITIES

6.3.1 SENIOR UXO SUPERVISOR
The Senior Unexploded Ordnance Supervisor (SUXOS) is responsible for the proper operation of the
ESL, the conduct of demolition operations and the management and accountability of demolition
materials.

6.3.2 SITE SAFETY OFFICER
The Senior Site Safety Officer (SSO) is responsible for the safety and inspection of the storage area in
conjunction with their operational control duties of site control and FAA air clearance during
demolition operations.

6.3.3 QUALITY CONTROL SPECIALIST
The Quality Control Specialist (QC) is responsible for auditing the applicable records and paperwork
and for conducting random verification of recorded on-hand quantity of demolition materials against
actual on-hand quantity of demolition materials.

6.4 PROCEDURES
Specific procedures for all ESL operations are found in Annexes A through G. The following lists the
annexes and their topics:
• Annex A - Storage Procedures; Explosives and Related Materials and Small Arms Ammunition.
• Annex B - Receipts/Shipping Procedures.
• Annex C- Issue/Turn Ins.
• Annex D - Quality Control.
• Annex E - Security.
• Annex F - Safety.
• Annex G - Fire Protection.
Annex A: Storage Procedures; Explosives and Related Materials and Small Arms Ammunition

The following duties and responsibilities are applicable and will be performed by the SUXOS, the
SSO, the QC Specialist and designated Demolition Team Supervisors.

1. The SUXOS or their representative will:
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                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



        ·    Ensure that equipment operators are thoroughly trained and qualified to operate within the
             ESL.
        ·    Ensure that designated employees are properly trained and qualified to perform their work
             assignments from a safety and operational standpoint and perform follow up to the degree
             necessary to assure that personnel are conforming with all safety requirements.
        ·    Observe and enforce safety rules, fire protection measures and security protection.
        ·    Determine and assign storage space for incoming shipments of various items, considering
             compatibility and quantity distance requirements.

2. The SSO or their representative ensures that all ammunition and explosives are stored in
   accordance with storage regulations governing the compatibility of ammunition and explosives.

3. USA has been provided access to the former OE Ammunition Supply Point (ASP) as an Explosive
   Storage Location (ESL). Magazines 766, 767, 768, 769 and building 746 are available for use
   within this ESL as necessary to support this Task Order.

4. Keys for the ESL gate, buildings and magazines are maintained in the PM’s safe. An ESL key log
   is maintained adjacent to the safe. These keys are signed out and in daily and will only be issued to
   designated personnel.

5. Demolition explosives are stacked in approved containers by lot numbers and arranged so that free
   circulation of air beneath and throughout the stacks is possible. Explosives will be stored so as to
   provide an adequate inventory and inspection aisle. When more than one lot is stored all items or
   containers of each lot are stored together with a line of separation between the lots.

6. A designated explosive vehicle may be stocked to provide explosive materials for approximately
   one day of demolition operations. This vehicle will normally be re-stocked each work day as
   needed for demolition operations. Explosive Data Cards will be maintained for materials on the
   floor in the magazines and on the vehicle. This explosive vehicle will in essence be a mobile Ready
   Service Locker (RSL).

7. Demolition materials and ammunition will not be kept loose inside the magazines. Small arms are
   accumulated in containers used for separation by caliber or as required by the disposal contractor.




Annex B: Receipt and Shipment Procedures

1. Receipt Procedures:

    a. The SUXOS receives advance notification of incoming shipment.


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    b. The SUXOS or their representative determines compatibility and storage location for all
    incoming shipments.

    c. Upon arrival the SUXOS or their representative inspect and verify the shipment, organize off-
    loading and storage, sign for shipment and prepare/update accountability forms.

2. Shipment Procedures:

    a. The SUXOS or their representative inspect items to be shipped for safety conditions, obtain the
       proper labels and prepare the items for shipment.




Annex C: Issues and Turn-In Procedures

1. The SUXOS or their representative ensure all explosive items issued for disposal actions are
properly accounted for and record keeping is accomplished. Magazine Data Cards are updated to
reflect issues and receipts from the magazine floor to the RSL. The SUXOS maintain a set of
Magazine Data Cards in their office which reflect the totals of all materials on hand, i.e. on the floor of

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the magazines and on the RSL. Explosive materials expended during demolition operations are
accounted for on the USA Explosive Usage Record.

    a. Explosive Usage Records are annotated daily. When demolition operations are conducted the
    Demolition Team Leader of the primary demolition team signs for explosives issued, expended,
    and returned. In the event that explosives are issued to a second demolition team in the field the
    Demolition Team Leader of the secondary demolition team also fills out an Explosive Usage
    Record. The SUXOS update the RSL magazine data cards at the conclusion of daily operations.

    b. The SUXOS review and annotate the Explosive Usage Record and update the magazine data
    cards daily.

2. The SUXOS conduct monthly inventories of the demolition materials on hand and magazine data
cards are updated accordingly.

3. The SUXOS or their representative account for all explosive items turned in for demolition and
small arms ammunition accumulated for transportation to an off site disposal facility. Accounting will
be on appropriate chain of custody forms.




Annex D: Quality Control

1. The QC Specialist randomly verifies Magazine Data Card totals against materials on hand .

2. The QC Specialist documents his inspection via Memorandum for the Record (MFR) to the PM
   with a copy to the SUXOS.

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3. The QC Specialist conducts audits of Magazine Data Cards and Explosive Usage Records as
   directed by the PM and documents his audits via MFR to the PM with a copy to the SUXOS




Annex E: Security

 Personnel assigned duties within the ESL are required to be familiar with security procedures for their
respective responsibilities:

1. The SUXOS are responsible for the overall physical security and custody of all items stored in the
   ESL.

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2. The main gate of the ESL is closed and secured at all times when not required to be open for the
   passage of authorized vehicles. Anytime USA employees are inside the ESL and away from the
   gate the gate will be closed.

3. All visitors to the ESL will be escorted. At no time will anyone other than assigned personnel be
   left unescorted inside the ESL. The two-person rule applies anytime a magazine is opened for
   issue or receipt of explosives. i.e. two UXO qualified personnel shall be present.

4. All keys are controlled by the SUXOS or their representative. Keys are issued only to authorized
   ESL personnel. Key accountability is performed at the end of each work day.

5. The SUXOS are responsible for maintaining, inventorying and accounting for all keys and locks
   used at the POM-Annex ESL.

6. Personnel authorized to draw ESL keys and enter the ESL shall be on the joint security intruder
   detection system (JSIDS) access list.

7. The JSIDS access list is updated as necessary by the SUXOS and the new entry code log is picked
   up monthly from the Federal Police. The expired entry code log is turned over to the Federal
   Police when the new entry code log is picked up.




Annex F: Safety

These safety requirements apply to all personnel operating in the ESL:

1. All personnel are responsible for safety in the ESL area. It is important that all personnel take an
   active and aggressive role in safety.

2. Supervisor personnel will observe, apply, and enforce all applicable safety procedures.

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3. No smoking is permitted within the ESL perimeter fence.

4. The demolition team is responsible for housekeeping in magazines.

5. In the event of an electrical storm, all operations will cease and all personnel will move outside of
   the perimeter fence. The SUXOS will make the decision to suspend operations and evacuate the
   storage area.

6. The Senior SSO or designated representative will observe the conduct of the vehicle inspection,
   using DD Form 626, for vehicles utilized in transport of explosives. The inspection will be
   conducted by the vehicle operator.




Annex G: Fire Plan

This fire plan provides procedures to follow in case of fire. The plan includes reporting the fire,
fighting it (if possible), and evacuating the area:

1. No smoking is permitted within the ESL perimeter fence.

2. Fire extinguishers are checked periodically to ensure they are serviceable.


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3. Housekeeping is maintained at all times. Trash, dunnage and boxes are placed in provided trash
   receptacles.

4. Vegetation control/removal is maintained for fire prevention purposes

5. Individuals must be familiar with the main and alternate exits and keys for the exits.

6. Report any fire immediately to the Fire Department (911) and contact USA Base by radio.

7. Designate a muster area in a safe location.

8. Evacuation will vary according to the location of the fire. Evacuate in an orderly manner and then
   account for all personnel.

9. Fire fighting, except for fires involving explosives, will be conducted if possible. If the fire
   becomes uncontrollable personnel will evacuate immediately to a safe area.

10. One person will remain at the main entrance to direct the fire department to the scene.




Standing Operating Procedures

Brush Chipping Operations

7.0 BACKGROUND
Brush cutting and pruning are on-going operations at the former Fort Ord Site. This is necessary to
enable a thorough search for UXO. Chipping of the resultant brush and limbs is commensurate with
good environmental practices and is likewise an on-going operation. The purpose of this SOP is to
promote safe and efficient operation of chippers and conduct of the chipping operation.
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7.1 CHIPPERS
USA crews may at various times be operating leased as well as USACE purchased chippers. The size
and features of these chippers will vary. This SOP is directed at chipping operations in general and not
to any one particular chipping machine.

7.2 PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)
Modified Level D PPE will be required for personnel engaged in chipping operations. Clothing items
and PPE will be:
   · Coveralls: appropriately taped at ankles and openings;
   · Surgical/Inner gloves;
   · Leather or Canvas work/outer gloves;
   · Leather Gauntlets
   · Work Boots: Leather or other suitable material;
   · Tyvec Hood when in poison oak.
   · Hard Hats;
   · Hearing Protection:
       - Brush Feeders will wear Noise Attenuating Helmets or Ear Plugs. Both will be worn if
           uninterrupted work period extends beyond 45 minutes.
       - Brush Draggers will wear Noise Attenuating Helmets or Ear Plugs.
   · Eye Protection:
       - All personnel will wear safety glasses. Brush feeders will also wear face shields/ screens.
       - Any time dust is being generated disposable dust masks will be worn.
   · No one will approach within 35’ of an operating chipper without PPE and hearing
   protection.

7.3 TRAINING
All personnel who work on a chipping crew will be qualified through on-the-job training. This training
will consist of:
    · Mechanical operations and maintenance of the chipper.
    · Features of the chipper and its operational limits and characteristics.
    · Safety parameters relevant to chipping operations.

All training will be documented in Team Leaders’ log book and in USA records.


7.4 CHIPPING OPERATION
The chipper will be manned by two (2) brush feeders, one on each side of the chipper. Feeders
exercise care not to place hands, arms, feet, legs or any other parts of the body on the feed table when
the chipper is operating. Care is taken not to reach past the “SAFE” point established on the feed
table/chute. This point varies between chipping machines and will be identified to all personnel
involved any time equipment is changed or a new chipper is brought on the job site.


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•   A push stick of material consumable by the chipper will be available, one on either side of the
    chipper, for pushing material into the chipper when necessary to probe beyond the safe point.
•   Two or more brush draggers will be employed to drag brush to the feeders. The draggers will trim
    the brush as necessary to fit into the chipper, and pass it to the feeders.
•   Limbs and woodstock 3” or greater in diameter need not be chipped. These items can be left in the
    field as a source of habitat for bugs, salamanders and other creatures.
•   The Team Leader must remain clear of the chipper and not involve himself in the work at hand.
    He must maintain a vigil of the operation with regard to safety, work progress, weather/wind
    conditions, materials being chipped and other factors that impact on the operation.
•   Poison Oak will not be chipped by itself. If it is entangled with other quantities of brush, it will be
    chipped based on the Team Leaders’ discretion.
•   Anytime the chipper is operated while disconnected from the team vehicle the chipper’s wheels
    will be blocked or chocked to prevent it from rolling.

7.5 CHIPPED MULCH
Mulch will, as much as possible, be spread over the area from which the original brush material was
cut. Mulch will be spread 5 feet to 6 feet away from the roadsides whenever possible. Mulch beds
will be limited to a depth of 3 inches or less.

7.6 FIELD SANITATION
The team decontamination station will be located at least 50 feet upwind of the chipping operation. If
the team vehicle is attached to the chipper the team equipment in the pick-up bed will be covered with
a tarp or plastic sheet material.




                                   STANDING OPERATING PROCEDURES

MECHANICAL MEANS FOR VEGETATION REMOVAL

8.0 INTRODUCTION AND GENERAL REQUIRMENTS


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                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001



Chapter 5 All personnel performing operations utilizing Mechanical Means for Vegetation
Removal shall conform to this Standing Operating Procedure (S.O.P.). This S.O.P. is not a
stand-alone document and all personnel shall become familiar with associated documents
and/or manuals related to this operation.

8.1 REFERENCES
• USA Safety and Health Plan. (SHP)
• Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Regulations.
• U.S. Army Corp of Engineers (USACE), EM 385-1-1.
• Operators Manual(s) and Manufactures Publications.

8.2 SELECTION
Only those mechanical means that meet the requirements set forth by Environmental, Customer, and
USA Environmental, Inc. will be utilized at the Fort Ord Worksite to facilitate safe and efficient
removal operations in those areas deemed necessary.

8.3 TRAINING
All training on mechanical means equipment will be either formal or on-the-job (OJT) training. This
will be documented and subject to review for accuracy and completeness.

8.4 PERSONNEL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)
Level D PPE is required for all personnel engaged in Mechanical Means Operations.                                Clothing
includes but is not limited to:

•   Coveralls or work clothing as prescribed;
•   Work gloves, leather or canvas as appropriate;
•   Safety Glasses;
•   Hard Hats when working within 100 feet of equipment;
•   Hearing protection, noise attenuators or ear plugs when within 50 feet of equipment;
•   Dust mask, as required by wind conditions and/or the presence of airborne particulate matter; and
•   Other PPE as needed. (i.e.; Face Shield, Frag. Vest, Kevlar Helmet, etc.)

8.5 TEAM COMPOSITION:
The Mechanical Means Vegetation Removal Team shall consist of three (3) qualified personnel as a
minimum. These include:

•   Team Leader or UXO Avoidance Specialist
•   Operator
•   Ground Safety Observer

8.5.1 TEAM LEADER/UXO AVOIDANCE SPECIALIST
UXO qualified and serving as a safety observer, the team leader directs the operation and other team
personnel within the context of removal requirements. The Team Leader must be familiar with the
equipment being utilized.
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8.5.2 OPERATOR
 The operator will be qualified and fully trained on the equipment being utilized, operating the
equipment as directed. The operator performs daily inspections and maintenance functions as required
by the operators manual(s). The operator performs other duties as needed or directed.

8.5.3 GROUND SAFETY OBSERVER
The ground safety observer shall be UXO qualified and familiar with the equipment being utilized. The
ground safety observer performs tasks as directed by the Team Leader/UXO Avoidance Specialist, to
include a visual search/survey of the area(s) being operated in.

8.5.4 SAFETY
Safety is paramount, all personnel shall observe those safety precautions/warnings that apply or may
apply to vegetation removal operations. Those listed below are general in nature and personnel will
need to review applicable publications for more specific safety precautions/warnings. Distances are the
minimum required.

•   Maintain 200 feet from Non-UXO personnel.
•   Maintain 200 feet from UXO personnel engaged in intrusive work.
•   Maintain 200 feet from other mechanical equipment. (i.e.; Backhoe)
•   Maintain 50 feet between equipment and team personnel.
•   Distances may be increased by the COE Safety Specialist as determined by site history, UXO items
    encountered, terrain features and other factors that may apply.
•   Use equipment safety features. (i.e.; seat belts, fire equipment)
•   Safety precautions/warnings found in the operators manual(s)/manufactures publication(s) shall be
    observed.
•   Maintain 6 inches of ground clearance during removal operations.
•   Communications shall be maintained between the Team Leader/UXO Avoidance Specialist,
    Operator, and Ground Safety Observer at all times.
•   Maintain site control.
•   Observe UXO safety precautions for items encountered or suspected.
•   Ensure P.P.E. is serviceable and worn/used in a proper manner.
•   Mechanical Means Equipment with a greater distance stated will take precedence regarding flying
    debris.

8.6 OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES
Road speed shall not exceed that listed in the operators manual. The speed while performing
vegetation removal operations shall be consistent with the operators manual, terrain features, and
allows the Ground Safety Observer to perform those duties as directed to include a visual
search/survey of the area(s) to be worked in.

Personnel shall not enter within 50 feet of an operating piece of chipping equipment. If at any time
personnel enter closer than 50 feet the Operator shall immediately stop, return the engine to idle speed
and disengage power to all attachments.
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                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001




 A communications check with the all Team personnel prior to operations commencing shall be
conducted. Hand signals are devised and used as a secondary means of communication. All team
personnel must know these hand signals prior to operations commencing. This shall be documented on
the tailgate safety briefing sheet each morning of operation and at each change of team personnel.

The direction and manner in which the vegetation is to be removed will be directed by the Team
Leader/UXO Avoidance Specialist. Prior to removal operations commencing a visual search/survey is
conducted to determine the hazards that may be encountered including UXO, terrain slope, vegetation,
wildlife, environmental concerns and P.P.E. requirements.

The Ground Safety Observer precedes the equipment and performs a visual search for UXO, ordnance
scrap, rats nests, surface debris and any other obstruction/object which may pose a hazard to team
personnel. Hazardous items, impassable terrain or vegetation which may effect operations will be
marked and team personnel notified. The Operator shall follow a route determined by the Ground
Safety Observer while operations are ongoing.

Team personnel insure that a 6 inch ground clearance is maintained during removal operations. Those
areas marked as hazards are to be avoided. The manner in which operations are accomplished will
accommodate safe work practices. Areas of concern are addressed to SUXOS and/or SSO as needed.

UXO or OE items encountered are marked and avoided. Notification of these items will be made to
the appropriate personnel.

8.7 SUMMARY
This S.O.P. and its references, to include changes and revisions, shall be used by USA Environmental
Inc. personnel to insure that the requirements for Mechanical Means Vegetation Removal Operations
are conducted in a safe, efficient and productive manner.




                                   STANDING OPERATING PROCEDURES

Chapter 6 RESPIRATORY PROTECTION

9.0 INTRODUCTION AND GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

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                         Final - Date: 30 September 2001


All personnel performing operations onsite that require the use of half or full face respiratory protection as specified by the SSHP shall conform to this
SOP. This SOP makes provisions for the issue, selection, testing, cleaning, maintenance and use of respiratory protection. For work tasks not addressed
in this SOP, the SSO will assess those concerns and consult with the USA Certified Industrial Hygienist (CIH) with regards to the protection required. It is
the responsibility of USA to provide the respiratory protection required for the given work task and to ensure that the respiratory protection complies with
all applicable Federal and State regulations and requirements.



9.1 REFERENCES
• USA Safety and Health Plan (SHP).
• USA Respiratory Protection Plan.
• Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), 29 CFR 1910. 134.
• U.S. Army Corp of Engineers (USACE), EM 385-1-1, Section 5-E.

9.2 RESPIRATORY SELECTION
The data and information related to the physical and toxic properties of site contaminates will be used to determine the respiratory protection required for
the work task assigned. Respiratory protection will be used when the potential for employee exposure is in excess of action levels listed in the applicable
reference material. Only NIOSH/MSHA approved respirators and cartridges will be used. At no time will respirators, cartridges, and/or their components
be altered or combined in a manner that is not NIOSH/MSHA approved. Doing so may void the respirator and/or cartridge approval and adversely affect
the performance of the respirator and/or cartridge.



9.2.1 SELECTION CRITERIA
Selection criteria for the proper type of respiratory protection has been and shall continue to be based
upon the following.
• Respirators will be constructed of rubber or silicon.
• The type of contaminate(s) expected or suspected to present a potential for exposure.
• The physical properties, toxicological effects, anticipated exposure concentrations and exposure
    limits listed in the reference material/IDLH for the given contaminate(s).
• The nature of the operation where exposure may occur.
• The period of time for which respiratory protection is needed.
• The protection factor (PF) and maximum use concentration (MUC) for a given facepiece.
• The warning properties and initial signs and symptoms of exposure.
• The characteristics and limitations of the respirator and/or cartridge.

9.2.2 SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS
The following special considerations will be reviewed when determining the specific type of

respiratory equipment to be utilized for a given work site, task, and degree of personal exposure.

•    Verbal Communication.
•    Low / High Temperature Environment.
•    Surveillance of Work Site and Task Conditions.
•    Surveillance of Personnel for Exposure to and Degree of Stress.

9.3 RESPIRATOR TRAINING
Training in the use of the respiratory protective equipment is the responsibility of the SSO. Each individual required to use a respirator will be trained in
the use of the respirator.



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                         Final - Date: 30 September 2001



9.4 REPIRATOR FIT TESTING
Each individual who must wear a respirator will be clean shaven in the sealing areas of the respirator facepiece. Each individual who uses a respirator will
be fit tested at least annually. Qualitative fit testing is performed whenever feasible or when the contaminates on site includes materials regulated in OSHA
standards located in 29 CFR 1911.1000 through 1911-1050. Qualitative fit testing is administered by qualified personnel only as regulated by OSHA
standards. Upon donning the respirator or before entering any restricted work area, each respirator wearer is required to perform a negative and positive
pressure test to ensure an air tight seal.



9.5 RESPIRATOR ASSIGNMENT
Respirators are issued by the SSO on an individual and/or task specific basis. Respirators shall be marked with the employees name or an identification
number. The SSO issues respirators only to those personnel who have been medically qualified, properly trained and fit tested in the use of respiratory
protection.



9.6 RESPIRATOR CLEANING, SANITATION, INSPECTION, MAINTENANCE, AND
STORAGE
Respirators are inspected prior to each donning. Respirators will be cleaned, sanitized, inspected, maintained and stored properly after each use and on a
monthly basis.


9.6.1 RESPIRATOR CLEANING AND SANITATION

Cleaning and sanitizing of the respirator shall be done in accordance with the owner’s manual for that
specific respirator.

9.6.2 RESPIRATOR INSPECTIONS
Inspections will be done before and after each use and on a monthly basis. Inspections will include a
check of the tightness of connections and the condition of the facepiece, head harness, valves, and
canisters. Rubber or elastomer parts shall be inspected for pliability and signs of deterioration.
Inspection results and date will be recorded on the Respiratory Protection Log maintained by the SSO.

9.6.3 MAINTENANCE AND STORAGE OF RESPIRATORS
Maintenance and storage of respirators will be in accordance with OSHA standards and the owners
manual. Replacement or repairs shall be done only by experienced persons with parts designed for the
respirator. No attempt shall be made to replace or repair components beyond the manufacturers
recommendations. Respirators that are unserviceable shall be turned in to the SSO and a replacement
issued. Respirators shall be stored against dust, sunlight, heat, extreme cold, excessive moisture or
damaging chemicals. Respirators should be stored so that the facepiece and exhalation valve will rest
in a normal position and function will not be impaired by the rubber or elastomer setting in an
abnormal position.

9.7 CORRECTIVE LENSES
Personnel who must wear corrective lenses as a part of the facepiece shall have the lenses fitted by a
qualified individual. Frames, temple bars or mountings for corrective lenses MUST not interfere with
the proper fit of the respirator.

9.8 PREPARATIONS FOR DONNING
The following inspection points must be checked before donning the respirator. A respirator that fails
the inspection will not be used and shall be repaired using the Owners Manual or be turned in for
replacement.
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                   Final - Date: 30 September 2001




•   Head Harness.
•   Facepiece.
•   Inhalation and exhalation valves.
•   Cartridge connectors.
•   Cartridge and filters.

9.8.1 INSTALLATION OF CARTRIDGES
Cartridges shall be installed according to the Owners Manual. Carefully attach cartridges to the
facepiece by aligning the cutouts on the cartridge with the lugs on the facepiece connectors. Align the
small lug with the match-mark on the cartridge body. Turn the cartridge clockwise until tight.

9.9 DONNING THE RESPIRATOR
To don the respirator follow the procedures outlined in the Owner’s Manual.

•   Adjust facepiece head harness straps.
•   Grasp facepiece and insert chin into chin cup.
•   Pull facepiece head harness straps over head.
•   Support facepiece and adjust head harness straps.
•   Perform negative and positive pressure fit test.

Should the respirator fail the negative or positive pressure test, readjust and try pressure test again, if
the respirator still fails notify the SSO for repair or replacement.

9.10 SUMMARY
This SOP is not all inclusive nor is it a stand alone document. The use of references (including
changes and revisions) contained within this document must be used to ensure that requirements for
respiratory protection are met.

                                           Standard Operating Procedures
                                              INJURY ACTION PLAN

10.1 INTRODUCTION
The purpose of this Injury Action Plan is to establish guidelines and procedures to ensure the
elimination, reduction, and mitigation of injuries sustained by USA Environmental, Inc. personnel
while performing their duties at the Former Fort Ord Project Site.

The objective of this Action Plan is to provide personnel with the necessary tools to maintain a safe
and healthy work place. USA Environmental, Inc. places SAFETY and ACCIDENT PREVENTION
above operations. This Action Plan is available for review by all employees and its contents will be
covered as part of the employee’s indoctrination.

10.2    RESPONSIBILITIES

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All employees are expected to work conscientiously to implement and maintain the Action Plan’s
purpose in eliminating, reducing, and mitigating injuries at this work site. It is the responsibility of all
employees to know and understand that accidents are preventable.

        10.2.1 Senior Management
                    • Set policy and provide leadership by participation, example and a
                       demonstrated interest in the Action Plan;
                    • Allocate adequate resources for the task being performed;
                    • Review and evaluate results;
                    • Ensure the use of Safe Work Practices;
                    • Keep all personnel informed of changes to regulations, directives, and
                       policies effecting safety and health issues;
                    • Develop a code of safe work practices;
                    • Ensure necessary corrective action is taken on unsafe and unhealthy
                       conditions;
                    • Review and analyze accidents and injuries and identify trends.

        10.2.2     UXO Supervisors
                       • Ensure team personnel know and abide by policy and procedures;
                       • Conduct job safety training for team personnel;
                       • Ensure equipment and machines are in safe operating condition;
                       • Correct and/or report unsafe and unhealthy conditions;
                       • Ensure team personnel use PPE. and follow safe work practices;
                       • Provide feedback to Senior Management on safety issues;
                       • Keep informed of safety and health regulations, directives, and policies
                          affecting the operation they supervise;
                       • Allocate time and personnel to do the job safely and correctly.


        10.2.3     All Employees
                        • Report unsafe and unhealthy conditions to a Supervisor;
                        • Know and comply with policy and procedures;
                        • Wear proper PPE., and ensure its serviceable condition;
                        • Follow safe work practices;
                        • Ensure equipment and machines are in safe operating condition;
                        • Report all injuries to a Supervisor;
                        • Correct and report unsafe practices when encountered.

10.3 METHODS
The following methods are to be used as guidelines and procedures to ensure all employees comply
with this Action Plan.

        10.3.1 Reduce the Handling of Brush:
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                (a)     During the Preparatory Inspection of a work site personnel will evaluate the
                areas to be cut with regard to placement of all cut brush, trees, and limbs in order to
                reduce the number of times it must be moved.

                (b)    Material to be chipped will be placed in an area accessible to the chipper
                machine, this will include bringing the chipper machine to the material when possible,
                reducing the number of times material must be handled.

                (c)     Heavy equipment will be utilized when possible. The use of the “Bobcat”
                and “Backhoe” to move brush piles / rows for UXO teams and the chipper machine
                should be coordinated with the Senior UXO Supervisor. Subcontractor operators and
                heavy equipment are to be used when possible to reduce the manual handling of brush,
                trees, and limbs. Material that is handled manually will be cut to a length to allow a
                person to carry it without undue stress or strain. Material too large or heavy will not be
                moved by one person. Material will be placed not thrown.

       10.3.2 Personal Protective Equipment:

                (a)     All required PPE. items will be worn during operations for the task being
                performed and are to be in a serviceable condition. Support for the back, wrist, or knees
                are to be worn in accordance with the manufacture’s recommendations.

                (b)    PPE. items will be checked on a regular basis, with replacement made as
                needed. The evaluation of PPE. items will be done on a continuous basis to determine if
                upgrades or changes to these items are necessary.

                (c)    Work boots will be supplied to personnel by USA Environmental, Inc. These
                boots will be worn during operations and will help reduce slips, trips, and falls. Work
                boots needing repairs or replacement will be turned in to logistics.
   10.3.3       Medical and 1st.Aid Treatment:

                (a)     Employees will be screened IAW current laws, directives, and policies with
                regard to their health status in being able to perform their assigned duties.
                Employees will receive an annual physical examination in accordance with 29 CFR
                1910.120

                (b)     Employees who receive an injury which is determined to need medical attention
                will be sent to the appropriate medical facility. In addition to treatment, employees will
                also receive a patient profiling. This is used to determine if the injury is such that it may
                continue to pose a problem through additional injuries or re-injury. If this is determined
                to be the case the employee will receive further instructions from the medical personnel
                and Management.

                (c)       In addition to standard medical treatment, the use of a specialist, therapist,
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                 and a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine may be used when recommended by the treating
                physician.

                (d)      Employees will report all injuries to their Supervisor immediately. Supervisors
                will in turn notify the Site Safety Officer and complete the required report.

                (e)     Designated personnel at this site will receive CPR / 1st. Aid training. These
                trained personnel are to be assigned with the teams in order to assist in the event of a
                medical emergency.

                (f)     USA Environmental, Inc. supports a Return to Work Program, which places an
                injured employee in a work environment consistent with the restrictions placed upon the
                individual by medical personnel and the company, as long as these restrictions can be
                met and the company has such work to perform.

       10.3.4 Other:

                (a)     Additional training of personnel will be accomplished through the use of video
                tapes; designed to show ways of reducing injuries, briefings; designed to give changed,
                updated, or new information in reducing or mitigating injuries to employees, and
                reviews; designed to give the company feedback on methods and procedures being used
                to eliminate, reduce, or mitigate injuries.

                (b)     USA Environmental, Inc. will utilize outside personnel in assisting with this
                Action Plan. This will include placing an “additional pair of eyes” on site at regular
                intervals to assist in spotting weaknesses and help in making needed changes.

                (c)    The Job Hazard Analysis for work being performed will be reviewed by
                personnel on site and off site to determine if and when changes are required.

                (d)     An exercise / warm-up program will be required for those personnel performing
                jobs which are highly susceptible to injuries. The exercises are recommended by
                physicians and physical therapist for reducing injuries to the neck, shoulders, elbows,
                wrists, back, hips, knees, and ankles. These exercises will be performed for
                approximately 10 minutes prior to commencing work and will be documented by the
                Supervisor.

                (e)     Burning of the work sites will reduce the amount of brush that has to be handled,
                reducing the possibility of incidents and injuries. Burns will be utilized when authorized
                by the proper authorities.

                (f)    The industry standards for clearing land will be reviewed by the appropriate
                personnel and any changes will be implemented. These changes may help in reducing
                and eliminating injuries to personnel.

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                 (g)    USA Environmental, Inc. will use an Incentive Program to reward personnel in
                 meeting its goal of eliminating, reducing, and mitigating injuries to employees at this
                 work site.

10.4 COMMUNICATION
USA Environmental, Inc. recognizes that open, two way communication between all levels of
personnel is essential in eliminating, reducing, and mitigating injuries to personnel. To facilitate this
flow of information, USA Environmental, Inc. will include this Action Plan as part of any new
employee’s indoctrination, schedule time during the Supervisors Meeting to freely and openly discuss
safety issues, and will post changes to directives and policies when needed. Employees should check
the bulletin board for such postings.

10.5 COMPLIANCE
Senior Management is responsible to ensure that company safety and health policies, directives, and
procedures are clearly communicated and understood by all personnel. Senior Management and
Supervisors are expected to enforce the policies, directives, and procedures in a fair and uniform
manner. All personnel are responsible for utilizing safe work practices, following policies, directives,
and procedures in an effort to eliminate, reduce, and mitigate injuries.
Failure to comply may result in disciplinary action, up to and including termination.

10.6    REFERENCES
                 •              USA Environmental, Inc. Safety and Health Plan (SHP);
                 •              OSHA, 29 CFR 1910, Occupational Safety and Health Standards;
                 •              OSHA, 29 CFR 1926, Construction Standards;
                 •              EM 385-1-1, Safety and Health Requirements Manual;
                 •              ER 385-1-92, Safety and Occupational Health Document Requirements for
                                Hazardous Waste Remedial Actions;
                           •    AR 385-10, The Army Safety Program;
                           •    AR 385-16, System Safety Engineering and Management;
                           •    AR 385-40 w/USACE supplement, Accident Reporting and Records.

10.7 SUMMARY
This SOP is not all inclusive nor is it a stand alone document. It is to be used with other references,
directives, policies, and procedures to eliminate, reduce, and mitigate injuries sustained by USA
Environmental, Inc. personnel at the Former Fort Ord work site.




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DOCUMENT INFO