Unit2

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  Before Reading
        1. English Song -- That’s What Friends Are For
                 Introductory Remarks
                 That’s What Friends Are For
                 Questions and Answers
        2. Background Information
        3. Word Web
        4. Topic-related Prediction
        5. Warm-up Questions




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                    Introductory Remarks




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                  That’s What Friends Are For
   Listen to the song and fill in the blanks with what you hear.




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    And I never thought I‟d feel this way
    And                I‟m concerned
    I‟m glad I got the chance to say
    That

    And if
    Well, then close your eyes and try
    To feel                    today
    And then if you can remember

                   ,
    Knowing you can always                  me
              , that‟s what friends are for




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   For
   I‟ll be             forevermore
   That‟s what friends are for

   Well, you                       me
   And now there‟s so much more I see
   And so               , I thank you

   And then for the times we‟re apart
   Well, then close your eyes and know
   These words are
   And then if you can remember

                ,
   Knowing you can always                me




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                 , that‟s what friends are for
  In
  I‟ll be                forevermore
  That‟s what friends are for

                  ,
  Knowing you can always                 me
               , that‟s what friends are for
  For
  I‟ll be                forevermore
  That‟s what friends are for

                   ,




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                                                  good times and bad times



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 Knowing you can always                  me
                 , Count on me
 That‟s what friends are for
 For
 I‟ll be                   forevermore
 That‟s what friends are for
 Count on me, for sure
 Count on me, for sure
 Count on me, for sure
 That‟s what friends are for
 Keep smiling, keep shining




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                     Questions and Answers

    1. What is a fair weather friend?

       One who is happy to stay with you when things are
       going well but leaves as soon as trouble arrives.




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                    Questions and Answers

    2. Do you know anything about the singers?

      Dionne Warwick,Elton John,    Stevie Wonder and
      Gladys Knight .




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                                   Questions and Answers

                 2. Do you know anything about the singers?

Dionne Warwick     Dionne Warwick,Elton John,      Stevie Wonder and
                      a pop Knight .
Dionne Warwick wasGladys and
R&B (Rhythm and Blues, 节奏蓝调
音乐) music star of the 1960s and
1970s. In the 1980s she worked
jointly with Elton John, Gladys
Knight and Stevie Wonder on the
Grammy-winning single That’s
What Friends Are For, a fundraiser
for AIDS victims.



                                        Close



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                    Questions and Answers

    2. Do you know anything about the singers?
   Elton John Warwick,Elton John,
      Dionne                        Stevie Wonder and
      Gladys Knight .




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                                     Questions and Answers

                   2. Do you know anything about the singers?

                         Dionne Warwick,Elton John,
Elton John (1947~), an English rock composer, singer     Stevie Wonder and
and pianist, is one of rock music‟s durable (持久的)
                         Gladys Knight .
performers. He played the piano by ear from age four,
and studied at the Royal Academy of Music at 11.The
top pop star of the 1970s, his performance was
featured by wild eyeglasses and outlandish (奇异的)
costumes on the stage. Despite health problems in
1993 he continues to perform live across the world,
mostly on the softer side these days. His latest
success includes the best-selling sound track for The
Lion King (1994), a Disney film. And the recording of
Candle in the Wind 97, sung at the funeral of Princess
Diana, became the largest-selling single in history
within a month of its release (发行). He was knighted
(授予爵士称号) in 1998.
                                          Close

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                     Questions and Answers

    3. According to the song, what are friends for?
       For both good times and bad times.




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                    Questions and Answers

    4. How can friend and friendship be defined?




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                                       Questions and Answers

                 4. How can friend and friendship be defined?
                 Friends
A
A friend is one to whom one may pour out all the
contents of one‟s heart, chaff(谷壳) and grain
together, knowing that gentle hands will take and
sift (筛,过滤) them, keep what is worth keeping,
and with a breath of kindness, blow the rest away.

    -- George Eliot (1819~1880), English novelist
                                   Next      Close




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                                     Questions and Answers

                4. How can friend and friendship be defined?
                  Friends
B   A friend is a person with whom I may be
    sincere. Before him, I may think aloud.
           -- Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803~1882),
               American poet and philosopher

C    A true friend is one who overlooks your
     failures and tolerates your successes.
            -- Doug Larson (1902~1981), English
                middle-distance runner
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                                           Questions and Answers

                     4. How can friend and friendship be defined?
                     Friendship
A
    True friendship is like sound health; the value of it
        is seldom known until it is lost.
        -- Charles Caleb Colton (1780~1832), English
           author and clergyman

B
    Friendship is a ship big enough to carry two in fair
    weather, but only one in foul(天气恶劣的).
            -- Ambrose Bierce (1842~1914),
               American author and journalist, from
               The Devil’s Dictionary
                                         Next      Close



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                                             Questions and Answers

                       4. How can friend and friendship be defined?
                   Friendship

C
Friendship is a treasure that always helps us
overcome any kind of difficulty. Friendship is a
comfort which always understands worries and
emotions. Friendship is a blessing because it
teaches the way to live.

                                       -- Unknown
                                            Close




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                    Questions and Answers

    5. Can you give some examples of great friendship?

       Marx and Engles, Qu Qiubai and Lu Xun




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       Engles1 )
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                     Questions and Answers

      5. Engles
Marx and Can you give some examples of great friendship?

        Marx and Engles, Qu Qiubai and Lu Xun




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                                   Questions and Answers

                 5. Can you give some examples of great friendship?
Marx valued Engels‟ friendship so highly that he
                          Marx and friend very
once said he loved and admired his Engles, Qu Qiubai and Lu Xun
much. Engels had been aiding Marx who
suffered greatly from bitter poverty. Were it not
for the help Marx obtained from Engels, Marx
would hardly have been able to overcome
poverty and he surely would not have left behind
him a monument.

                                      Close




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                     Questions and Answers

      5. and you give some examples of great friendship?
Qu QiubaiCan Lu Xun

        Marx and Engles, Qu Qiubai and Lu Xun




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                                    Questions and Answers

                  5. Can you give some examples of great friendship?
Qu Qiubai was one of CPC‟s principal leaders in
the early period. Under the persecution(迫害)ofQu Qiubai and Lu Xun
                          Marx and Engles,
Wang Ming, one of the CPC‟s early leaders, Qu
was dismissed from his important posts in the
CPC Central Committee. But he soon took an
active part in the struggles launched by the left-
wing cultural front, together with Lu Xun, in
Shanghai. During the two years of joint work , they
became true friends.

                                      Close




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                   Background Information
 Halloween




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                                        Background Information
               Halloween

                 Halloween
Halloween is celebrated annually. It is on the night
of 31 October, when people once believed that
ghosts could be seen. Now, in Britain and America,
it is a time when children have parties, dress up as
witches, make lanterns out of pumpkins from which
the inside has been removed, and play “trick or
treat”.

                                       Next     Close




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                                           Background Information
                 Halloween
 “Trick or treat ” is a traditional
activity at Halloween. Children
dress in costumes and visit houses.
At each house they say “Trick or
treat”. This means that they will
play a “trick”, or joke, on the people
in the house unless they are given
a “treat”, e.g. sweets or money.
Most people prefer to give treats
rather than having tricks played on
them.
                                           Prev   Close




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                               Word Web
    The stories in this unit are about friendship. Write down five
    words which you would use if you were writing a poem on
    this subject.




                                     friendship




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                                   durable
              perpetual
                                                    long-standing

       trust
                                                               enduring

                                                                     lifelong
                                friendship
warm


                                                                    genuine
    close

                                                            help
            intimate
                                 everlasting    generous



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                     Topic-related Prediction

 1. Text A is titled All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter. Before you
     read the story, think about the answers to the following
     questions.
     What does a cabbie do?

     What is a letter used for?

     Who wrote the letter to the cabbie?

     Why was all the cabbie had only a letter?




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                       Topic-related Prediction

  2. Read the last sentence of Text A and try to guess what
      the story is about.

       When I got to my hotel room I didn’t unpack right away. First I
       had to write a letter -- and mail it.

  3. Read Text A as quickly as possible, and find out if you are
      right. Can you summarize the story with three sentences?

       Key words: lost in thought; read a letter; an old friend; lifelong
       friendship; regret; author decided




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                        Warm-up Questions

      1. Do you often write letters to your friends?

       2. Did you ever write a letter which was not sent?

          Why did you keep it?




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  Global Reading

         1. Scanning

         2. Group Discussion

         3. Part Division of the Text
         4. Further Understanding
             For Part I       True or False
             For Part 2 & 3   Questions and Answers




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                              Scanning

    Scan Text A and decide which of the following statements
    is the theme.
      1. One should keep in touch with his friends.
      2. Never delay expressing your true feelings to a friend.
      3. A true friend will stand by you forever.
      4. Late is better than never.

       Never delay expressing your true feelings to a friend.




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                           Group Discussion
  1. The following questions are what the narrator asked the cab
    driver. Put them in the right order.
    1) Did you go to school together?
    2) The letter must have made you feel good, didn‟t it?
    3) Is your cab available?
    4) Is he someone you‟ve known quite a while?
    5) Is he dead?
    6) I thought your friend was Ed. Why did he sign it Tom?
    7) Is the letter from a child or a grandchild?
    8) Did you two work at the same place?

         3--7--4--1--5--8--2--6


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                          Group Discussion
  2. What were the cabbie’s responses to these questions?

  3. The narrator thought that the cabbie had received a letter
     from a friend named Ed. Which round of question-and-
     answer in the text leads to the misunderstanding?


       The second round: “Is the letter from a child or a grandchild?”

        “No. Ed was my oldest friends.”




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                     Part Division of the Text

   Parts Lines                      Main Ideas


                  From a conversation with the cab driver the
    1     1~42    author learned how much he regretted failing to
                  keep up correspondence with his old friend Ed.

                  Reading the letter by himself, the author learned
    2     43~87   more about the lifelong friendship between the
                  driver and Old Ed.

    3             The driver‟s experience urged the author to reach
          88~89
                  for his pen.




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                          True or False

  1. The driver caught a cold that day. ( F )

  2. The driver had never seen Ed in the past 25 or 30 years. ( F )

  3. The driver had never forgotten his old friend. ( T )

  4. The narrator was quite eager to read the letter. ( F )




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                          True or False

  1. The driver caught a cold that day. ( F )

  2. The driver had never seen Ed in the past 25 or 30 years. ( F )
                He had just cried.
  3. The driver had never forgotten his old friend. ( T )

  4. The narrator was quite eager to read the letter. ( F )




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                          True or False

  1. The driver caught a cold that day. ( F )

  2. The driver had never seen Ed in the past 25 or 30 years. ( F )

  3. The driver had never forgotten his old friend. ( T )
           He had only seen him once or twice a year.
  4. The narrator was quite eager to read the letter. ( F )




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                          True or False

  1. The driver caught a cold that day. ( F )
             He thought it was very personal.
  2. The driver had never seen Ed in the past 25 or 30 years. ( F )

  3. The driver had never forgotten his old friend. ( T )

  4. The narrator was quite eager to read the letter. ( F )




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                      Questions and Answers

   1. What did the driver and Ed use to do before they got
     married?
       They went to school and passed time together.

   2. What did the narrator mean by saying the first sentence
     in the letter reminded him of himself?

        The letter‟s author often postponed writing to his friends.




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                     Questions and Answers
 3. Who wrote the letter? Who did the narrator think had
    written the letter? Find out sentences that demonstrate the
    narrator ’s misunderstanding?
     The driver wrote the letter. The narrator thought that Ed had
     written the letter. For example, “I know I‟d like to receive a
     letter like that from my oldest friend.”

  4.What did the narrator decide to do when he arrived at the
    hotel? Why?
     He decided to write a letter and mail it immediately because
     he wouldn‟t wait until it was too late.




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                 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter

       He must have been completely lost in something he
     was reading because I had to tap on the windshield to
     get his attention.
      “Is your cab available?” I asked when he finally looked
                         up at me. He nodded, then said
                         apologetically as I settled into the
                         back seat, “I‟m sorry, but I was
                                                         as
                         reading a letter.” He sounded as if
                         he had a cold or something.
                                       Go ahead
       “I‟m in no hurry, ” I told him. “Go ahead and finish your
     letter.”
   Sentence      Word


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                             All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter

What can we infer from this sentence?
                      He must have       been completely lost in something he
                   was reading because I had to tap on the windshield to
  This sentence implies the sad state of mind
                   get his attention.
  the taxi driver was “Is your cab available? I asked when he finally looked
                      in.

                                            up at me. He nodded, then said
                                            apologetically as I settled into the
                                           Close

                                            back seat, “I‟m sorry, but I was
                                                                            as
                                            reading a letter.” He sounded as if
                                            he had a cold or something.
                                                   Go ahead
                   “I‟m in no hurry, ” I told him. “Go ahead and finish your
                 letter.”
               Sentence      Word


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     He shook his head. “I‟ve read it several
   times already. I guess I almost know it by
   heart.”
     “Letters from home always mean a lot,” I
   said. “At least they do with me because I‟m
             least          with       because
   on the road so much.” Then, estimating that
  he was 60 or 70 years old, I guessed: “From a child or
  maybe a grandchild?”
     “This isn‟t family,” he replied. “Although,” he went on,
  “come to think of it, it might just as well have been family.
                                  just        have been
  Old Ed was my oldest friend. In fact, we used to call each
  other „Old Friend‟--when we‟d meet, that is. I‟m. not much of
                                                    not much
  a hand at writing.”

   Sentence      Word


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                       He shook his head. “I‟ve read it several
                     times already. I guess I almost know it by
                     heart.”
Paraphrase the sentence.
                       “Letters from home always mean a lot,” I
 At least letters from home mean a lot to me
                     said. “At least they do with me because I‟m
                                 least              with      because
 because I travel a lot in a car for long distances.
                     on the road so much.” Then, estimating that
                    he was 60 or 70 years old, I guessed: “From a child or
                    maybe a grandchild?”
                       “This isn‟t family,”Close replied. “Although,” he went on,
                                                 he
                    “come to think of it, it might just as well have been family.
                                                         just        have been
                    Old Ed was my oldest friend. In fact, we used to call each
                    other „Old Friend‟--when we‟d meet, that is. I‟m. not much of
                                                                           not much
                    a hand at writing.”

               Sentence      Word


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                  He shook his head. “I‟ve read it several
                times already. I guess I almost know it by
                heart.”
Translate the sentence into Chinese.
                  “Letters from home always mean a lot,” I
   也可以算是一家人。 “At least they do with me because I‟m
                said.       least         with      because
                on the road so much.” Then, estimating that
               he was 60 or 70 years old, I guessed: “From a child or
               maybe a grandchild?” Close
                   “This isn‟t family,” he replied. “Although,” he went on,
               “come to think of it, it might just as well have been family.
                                               just        have been
               Old Ed was my oldest friend. In fact, we used to call each
               other „Old Friend‟--when we‟d meet, that is. I‟m. not much of
               a hand at writing.”

             Sentence      Word


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    “I don‟t think any of us keep up our correspondence
                                   up
  too well,” I said. “I know I don‟t. But I take it he‟s
                                              take
  someone you‟ve known quite a while?”
    “All my life, practically We were kids together, so we
                  practically.
  go way back.”
                             “Went to school together?”
                             “All the way through high
                          school. We were in the same
                          class, in fact, through both grade
                          and high school.”
                            “There are not too many people
   who‟ve had such a long friendship,” I said.


   Sentence      Word


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                      “I don‟t think any of us keep up our correspondence
                                                      up
                    too well,” I said. “I know I don‟t. But I take it he‟s
                                                                 take
    What does “I take it ” mean?you‟ve known quite a while?”
                    someone
                      “All my life, practically. We were kids together, so we
     “I take it” means “I understand (that); I
                    go way back.”
     assume (that)”.
                                                        “Went to school together?”
s    As I take it, they won‟t accept the proposal.      “All the way through high
                                                      school. We were in the same
                                                      class, in fact, through both grade
                                                Close
                                                      and high school.”
                                                       “There are not too many people
                      who‟ve had such a long friendship,” I said.


                  Sentence      Word


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      “Actually,” the driver went on, “I hadn‟t seen him more
    than once or twice a year over the past 25 or 30 years
    because I moved away from the old neighborhood and
    you kind of lose touch even though you never forget. He
    was a great guy.”
     “You said „was‟. Does that mean -- ?”
     He nodded. “Died a couple of weeks ago.”
     “I‟m sorry,” I said. “It‟s no fun to lose any friend -- and
    losing a real old one is even tougher.”



   Sentence      Word


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      He didn‟t reply to that , and we rode on in silence for
                                         Old     was still
    a few minutes. But II realized that Old Ed was still on
    his mind when he spoke again, almost more to himself
    than to me: “I should have kept in touch. Yes,” he
    repeated, “I should have kept in touch.”
      “Well,” I agreed, “we should all keep in touch with
    old friends more than we do. But things come up and
    we just don‟t seem to find the time? ”
       He shrugged. “We used to find the time,” he said.
    “That‟s even mentioned in the letter.” He handed it
    over to me. “Take a look.”


   Sentence      Word


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                      He didn‟t reply to that , and we rode on in silence for
                                                                 was
                   a few minutes. But II realized that Old Ed was still on
                    sentence.
1.Paraphrase thehis mind when he spoke again, almost more to himself
                   than to me: “I should have kept in touch. Yes,” he
 But I realized that the taxi driver was still thinking
 of Old Ed when he spoke again. It seemed that
 he spoke more to himself “Ithan to me. Hekept in touch.”
                   repeated, should have
                      “Well,” I agreed, “we should all keep in touch with
 repeated that he should have kept in touch.
                   old friends more than
 2. Why did the driver repeat that he should we do. But things come up and
                   we just don‟t seem to find the time?
    have kept in touch?
                       He shrugged. “We used to find the time,” he said.
  He could have let Ed know how he missed him.
                   “That‟s even mentioned in the letter.” He handed it
                                                 Close
                   over to me. “Take a look.”


             Sentence      Word


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      “Thanks,” I said, “but I don‟t want to read your mail.
   That‟s pretty personal.”
      The driver shrugged. “Old Ed‟s dead. There‟s nothing
   personal now. Go ahead,” he urged me.
      The letter was written in pencil. It began with the
   greeting “Old Friend,” and the first sentence reminded me
   of myself. I’ve been meaning to write for some time, but
   I’ve always postponed it. It then went on to say that he
   often thought about the good times they had had together
                                                       It had
   when they both lived in the same neighborhood. It had
   references to things that probably meant something     the
  references to things that probably meant something to the
  driver, such as the time Tim Shea broke the window, the
   driver,
   Halloween that we tied Old Mr. Parker’s gate, and when
   Mrs. Culver used to keep us after school.

   Sentence      Word


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                       “Thanks,” I said, “but I don‟t want to read your mail.
                    That‟s pretty personal.”
                       The driver shrugged. “Old Ed‟s dead. There‟s nothing
                    personal now. Go ahead,” he urged me.
1. What does it refer to?
                       The
    It refers to the letter. letter was written in pencil. It began with the
                    greeting “Old Friend,” and the first sentence reminded me
2. What does reference mean here?
                    of myself. I’ve been meaning to write for some time, but
    It means the act of mentioning.
                    I’ve always postponed it. It then went on to say that he
                    often thought about the good times they had had together
 3. Paraphrase the sentence.
                    when they both might in                             It had
   The letter mentioned something thatlived be the same neighborhood. It had
                    references to things that probably meant something     the
                   references to things that probably meant something to the
   important to the driver.
                   driver, such as the time Tim Shea broke the window, the
                    driver,                Close
                    Halloween that we tied Old Mr. Parker’s gate, and when
                    Mrs. Culver used to keep us after school.

              Sentence      Word


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   “You must have spent a lot of time together,” I said to him.
                  there,”                 “about all
   “Like it says there,” he answered, “about all we had to      to
 spend in those days was time.” He shook his head: “Time.”
   I thought the next paragraph of the letter was a little sad: I
 began the letter with “Old Friend” because that’s what we’ve
 become over the years -- old friends. And there aren’t many
 of us left.
   “You know,” I said to him, “When it says here that there
 aren‟t many of us left, that‟s absolutely right. Every time I go
             reunion,                      are
 to a class reunion for example, there are fewer and fewer fewer
 still around.”
   “Time goes by,” the driver said.
   “Did you two work at the same place?” I asked him.


   Sentence      Word


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                    “You must have spent a lot of time together,” I said to him.
                                     there,”               “about all
                    “Like it says there,” he answered, “about all we had to      to
                  spend in those days was time.” He shook his head: “Time.”
                    I thought the next paragraph of the letter was a little sad: I
Paraphrase the sentence.
                  began the letter with “Old Friend” because that’s what we’ve
 “As the letter says there, ”he answered ,“ though
                  become over the years -- old friends. And there aren’t many
 we didn‟t have much money we had a lot of free
                  of us left.
 time.”             “You know,” I said to him, “When it says here that there
                  aren‟t many of us left, that‟s absolutely right. Every time I go
                                             Close
                                                            are
                  to a class reunion, for example, there are fewer and fewerfewer
                  still around.”
                    “Time goes by,” the driver said.
                    “Did you two work at the same place?” I asked him.


                Sentence      Word


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                  “You must have spent a lot of time together,” I said to him.
                                      there,”                “about all
                  “Like it says there,” he answered, “about all we had to        to
                spend in those days was time.” He shook his head: “Time.”
Paraphrase the sentence.
                  I thought the next paragraph of the letter was a little sad: I
  Fewer and fewer of us are left alive.with “Old Friend” because that’s what we’ve
                began the letter
                become over the years -- old friends. And there aren’t many
                of us left.
                  “You know,” I said Close   to him, “When it says here that there
                aren‟t many of us left, that‟s absolutely right. Every time I go
                              reunion,                        are
                to a class reunion for example, there are fewer and fewer    fewer
                still around.”
                  “Time goes by,” the driver said.
                  “Did you two work at the same place?” I asked him.


                Sentence      Word


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     “No, but we hung out on the same corner when we
                      out                    when we
   were single. And then, when we were married, we used to
   go to each other‟s house every now and then But for the
                                          then.    for
   last 20 or 30 years it‟s been mostly just Christmas cards.
           or 30                 mostly just Christmas cards.
   Of course there‟d be always a note we‟d each add to the
   cards -- usually some news about our families, you know,
   what the kids were doing, who moved where, a new
   grandchild, things like that -- but never a real letter or
   anything like that.”


   Sentence      Word


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                     “No, but we hung out on the same corner when we
                                      out                    when we
                   were single. And then, when we were married, we used to
Paraphrase the sentence each other‟s
                 go to and translate it   house every now and then But for the
                                                              then.    for
into Chinese.
                   last 20 or 30 years it‟s been mostly just Christmas cards.
                           or 30                 mostly just Christmas cards.
   But we passed our free time together before
                   Of course there‟s be always a note we‟d each add to the
   we got married.
                   cards -- usually some news about our families, you know,
   不过没成家时我俩总在一起闲逛。
                   what the kids were doing, who moved where, a new
                   grandchild, things like that -- but never a real letter or
                                          Close
                   anything like that.”


                   Sentence      Word


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                  “No, but we hung out on the same corner when we
                                   out                    when we
               were single. And then, when we were married, we used to
Paraphrase the sentence.
               go to each other‟s house every now and then But for the
                                                      then.    for
 But generally speaking we have sent only
               last 20 or 30 years it‟s been mostly just Christmas cards.
                       or 30                 mostly just Christmas cards.
 Christmas cards to keep in touch with each
 other for the last 20course there‟s
                 Of or 30 years.       be always a note we‟d each add to the
               cards -- usually some news about our families, you know,
               what the kids were doing, who moved where, a new
               grandchild, things like that -- but never a real letter or
                                    Close

               anything like that.”


               Sentence      Word


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      “This is a good part here,” I said. “Where it says
    Your friendship over the years has meant an awful lot
    to me, more than II can say because I’m not good at
       me,                       because     not
    saying things like that.” I found myself nodding in
    agreement. “That must have made you feel good,
    didn‟t it?”
      The driver said something that I couldn‟t
    understand because he seemed to be all choked up     up,
    so I continued: “I know I‟d like to receive a letter like
    that from my oldest friend.”


   Sentence      Word


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                    “This is a good part here,” I said. “Where it says
                  Your friendship over the years has meant an awful lot
                  to me, more than II can say because I’m not good at
                     me,                        because    not
Paraphrase the sentence.
                  saying things like that.” I found myself nodding in
   Your friendship over the years has been very
                  agreement. “That must have made you feel good,
   important to me, more important than I can
                  didn‟t it?”
   say because I‟m not good at expressing my
  feelings.         The driver said something that I couldn‟t
                  understand because he seemed to be all choked up     up,
                  so I continued: “I know I‟d like to receive a letter like
                                       Close
                  that from my oldest friend.”


                 Sentence      Word


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      We were getting close to our destination so I skipped
    to the last paragraph. So I thought you’d like to know
    that I was thinking of you. And it was signed, Your Old
    Friend, Tom.
       I handed back the letter as we stopped at my hotel.
    “Enjoyed talking with you,” I said as I took my suitcase
    out of the cab. Tom? The letter was signed Tom?
      “I thought your friend‟s name was Ed,” I said. “Why did
    he sign it Tom?”



   Sentence      Word


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        “The letter was not from Ed to me,” he explained.
     “I‟m Tom. It‟s a letter I wrote to him before I knew he‟d
     died. So I never mailed it.”
        He looked sort of sorrowful, or as if he were trying to
     see something in the distance. “I guess I should have
     written it sooner.”
         When I got to my hotel
      room I didn‟t unpack right
      away.
     away First I had to write a
      letter -- and mail it.



   Sentence      Word


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                                                                   Home




                 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter

       He must have been completely lost in something he
     was reading because I had to tap on the windshield to
     get his attention.
      “Is your cab available? I asked when he finally looked
                     available
                           up at me. He nodded, then said
                           apologetically as I settled into the
                           back seat, “I‟m sorry, but I was
                                                           as
                           reading a letter.” He sounded as if
                           he had a cold or something.
       “I‟m in no hurry, ” I told him. “Go ahead and finish your
                                        Go ahead
     letter.”
   Sentence      Word


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                                    All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter

                            be absorbed in; be fully
be lost in/lose oneself in: He must have been completely lost in something he
                            occupied with
                        was reading because I had to tap on the windshield to
         He was lost in playing computer games so
                        get my attention.
         he was unaware of his entering the room.
                        “Is your cab available? I asked when he finally looked
                                           available
s   I had lost myself in thought.
                                                 up at me. He nodded, then said
s   他忙于这项工作而对周围的一切都很漠然。
                                                 apologetically as I settled into the
T   He was lost to the world in this task.       back seat, “I‟m sorry, but I was
                                                                                 as
                                                 reading a letter.” He sounded as if
                                                 he had a cold or something.
                                                  Close

                         “I‟m in no hurry, ” I told him. “Go ahead and finish your
                                                         Go ahead
                       letter.”
                    Sentence        Word


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                                    All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter
available: adj.
1) able to be got, obtained,He must have been completely lost in something he
                            used, etc.
 s If you don‟t want to buy a kite, you can make your had to tap on the windshield to
                         was reading because I
                          available in the book.
    own using directionsget his attention.
 s                        up your cab available?
     We have already used “Is all the available space.
                                            available I asked when he finally looked
                                            available
 s 对不起,这种外套没有你要的颜色和尺码。
                                                   up at me. He nodded, then said
 T  I‟m sorry, those overcoats are not available in
    your color and size.                           apologetically as I settled into the
2) able to be visited or seen; not too busy        back seat, “I‟m sorry, but I was
 s 律师现在没空。
 T The lawyer is not available now.
                                                                                   as
                                                   reading a letter.” He sounded as if
                                                    Close
                                                   he had a cold or something.
                          “I‟m in no hurry, ” I told him. “Go ahead and finish your
                                                          Go ahead
                        letter.”
                     Sentence       Word


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                                All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter

or something: used when you are not very sure about
                        He must have been completely          lost in something he
              what you have just said
                      was reading because I had to tap on the windshield to
                      get his attention.
s The air fare was a hundred and ninety-nine pounds
  or something.         “Is your cab available? I asked when he finally looked
                                        available
                                                or
s Here‟s some money. Get yourself a sandwichup at me. He nodded, then said
   something.
                                               apologetically as I settled into the
 NB: 同义的短语:or something like that              back seat, “I‟m sorry, but I was
                                                                               as
                                               reading a letter.” He sounded as if
                                               he had a cold or something.
                                                Close

                      “I‟m in no hurry, ” I told him. “Go ahead and finish your
                                                      Go ahead
                    letter.”
                  Sentence      Word


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                                 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter

                         (sometimes followed by
go ahead: continue; beginHe must have been           completely lost in something he
           with + n. )
                       was reading because I had to tap on the windshield to
s   The board of directors will vote today on whether
                       get his attention.
    to go ahead with the plan.
                          “Is your cab available? I asked when he finally looked
                                           available
s   Henry will be late but we
    will go ahead with the                       up at me. He nodded, then said
    meeting anyway.                              apologetically as I settled into the
                                                 back seat, “I‟m sorry, but I was
                                                                                 as
                                                 reading a letter.” He sounded as if
                                                 he had a cold or something.
                                                 Close

                       “I‟m in no hurry, ” I told him. “Go ahead and finish your
                                                       Go ahead
                     letter.”
                   Sentence      Word


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                                                                Home




     He shook his head. “I‟ve read it several
   times already. I guess I almost know it by
   heart.”
     “Letters from home always mean a lot,” I
   said. “At least they do with me because I‟m
             least          with       because
   on the road so much.” Then, estimating that
  he was 60 or 70 years old, I guessed: “From a child or
  maybe a grandchild?”
     “This isn‟t family,” he replied. “Although,” he went on,
  “come to think of it, it might just as well have been family.
                                  just        have been
  Old Ed was my oldest friend. In fact, we used to call each
  other „Old Friend‟--when we‟d meet, that is. I‟m not much of
  a hand at writing.”

   Sentence      Word


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                          He shook his head. “I‟ve read it several
                       times already. I guess I almost know it by
estimate:
                       heart.”
1. vt. form a judgement about (a quantity or value)
                          “Letters from home always mean a lot,” I
        Bill‟s personal riches were estimated at do with me because
                       said. “At least they $368with
                                   least                       because I‟m
        million.
                       on the road so much.” Then, estimating that
s I estimate that the total cost for the treatment of the
    disease will go from $5,00060$8,000. years old, I guessed: “From a child or
                      he was to or 70
s 我估计她有35岁。
                      maybe a grandchild?”
T I estimate her age at 35.
                          “This isn‟t family,” he replied. “Although,” he went on,
2. n. approximate calculation or judgement made
                      “come to
         about a quantity or value think of it, it might just as well have been family.
s According to some estimates the number of farms
                                                          just        have been
                      Old Ed was
    has increased by 50 percent. my oldest friend. In fact, we used to call each
                      other „old was wrong.
s My estimate of her character Friend‟--when we‟d meet, that is. I‟m not much of

                      a hand at writing.”   Next    Close


                  Sentence      Word


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                       He shook his head. “I‟ve read it several
                     times already. I guess I almost know it by
CF: estimate, evaluate & value
                     heart.”
这组词都有“估计”或“估价”的意思。
                       “Letters from home always mean a lot,” I
estimate 指先于实际的测量、计算或测试而作的某种估计
                     said. “At least they do with me because I‟m
或估价,可以是经过仔细考虑,也可以是随意的。          least               with      because
                     on the road so much.” Then, estimating that
s He estimated he would do the hundred miles by noon.
                    he was 60 or 70 years old, I guessed: “From a child or
T 他估计自已到中午时能走完这一百英里路。
                    maybe a grandchild?”
s I asked three building firms to estimate for the
                       “This isn‟t family,” he replied. “Although,” he went on,
   repairs to the house.
                    “come to think of it, it might just as well have been family.
                                                         just        have been
T 我请三个建筑公司估计修理房屋的费用。
                    Old Ed was my oldest friend. In fact, we used to call each
                    other ‟old Friend‟--when we‟d meet, that is. I‟m not much of
                    a hand at writing.”  Next      Close


                 Sentence      Word


              Before Reading     Global Reading    Detailed Reading    After Reading
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                      He shook his head. “I‟ve read it several
                    times already. I guess I almost know it by
CF: estimate, evaluate & value
                    heart.”
                      “Letters from home always mean a lot,” I
evaluate 很少表示用金钱来估计某物的市场价值,而是对其相
            对或内在价值的评定。 least
                    said. “At least they do with me because I‟m
                                             with       because
s The research project has only been under way for
                    on the road so much.” Then, estimating that
   three months, so it‟s too early to evaluate its
   success.        he was 60 or 70 years old, I guessed: “From a child or
                   maybe a grandchild?”
T 这个研究项目进行了不过三个月,所以要对它的效果作出评
   价为时尚早。
                      “This isn‟t family,” he replied. “Although,” he went on,
 value 指估计某物的价值、价格。
                   “come to think of it, it might just as well have been family.
                                                   just        have been
s He valued the house for me at £3,500.
                   Old Ed was my oldest friend. In fact, we used to call each
                   other ‟old Friend‟--when we‟d meet, that is. I‟m not much of
T 他为我估价了这幢房子,价值3,500英镑。

                   a hand at writing.”
                                     Next   Close


                Sentence      Word


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                       He shook his head. “I‟ve read it several
                    times already. I guess I almost know it by
 estimate, evaluate & value
                    heart.”
Put into each gap one of the above words. Change
                       “Letters from home always mean a lot,” I
the form where necessary.
                    said. “At least they do with me because I‟m
                                least               with      because
1.How do teachers             their students‟ work?
                    on the road so much.” Then, estimating that
 2.It was          hethat there were more than old, I guessed: “From a child or
                        was 60 or 70 years
                   maybe a grandchild?”
   2,250,000 spiders in one acre of grass field.
                       “This isn‟t family,” he replied. “Although,” he went on,
 3.They have gone“come their jewelsof it, it might just as well have been family.
                    to have to think                .    just        have been
                   Old Ed was my oldest friend. In fact, we used to call each
                   other ‟old Friend‟--when we‟d meet, that is. I‟m not much of
                   a hand at writing.”           Close



                Sentence      Word


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                       He shook his head. “I‟ve read it several
                    times already. I guess I almost know it by
                      well: If
might/may (just) asheart.” you say that you might/may
                           (just) as well do something,
                       “Letters from home always mean a lot,” I
                           you mean that you will do it
                             “At least do dohave a
                    said.although you theynotand may me because I‟m
                           strongleast to do it with
                                   desire           with       because
                           even feel much.” Then,
                    on the road so slightly reluctant estimating that
                           about it.
                   he was 60 or 70 years old, I guessed: “From a child or
        Anyway, you‟re here; you might as well stay.
                   maybe a grandchild?”
s The post office is really busy. We‟ll have to queue for
                       We might as family,” he
  ages to get served. “This isn‟t well go home. replied. “Although,” he went on,
                   “come
s 这道甜食我还是不吃了吧。 to think of it, it might just as well have been family.
                                                          just        have been
                   Old Ed was my a miss.
T I might as well give the sweet course oldest friend. In fact, we used to call each

                   other ‟old Friend‟--when we‟d meet, that is. I‟m not much of
                                                   Close

                   a hand at writing.”

                 Sentence      Word


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                    He shook his head. “I‟ve read it several
                  times already. I guess I almost know it by
                  heart.”
not much of a: not a good
s   天气不是很好。 “Letters from home always mean a lot,” I

T
                  said. “At least they do with me because I‟m
    It is not much of a day.
                               least          with       because
                  on the road so much.” Then, estimating that
s Some people may think that doing
   housework for others is not much of years old, I guessed: “From a child or
                 he was 60 or 70
   a career.     maybe a grandchild?”
                      of a father, family,” he replied. “Although,” he went on,
s He is not much “This isn‟t but he is an

                 “come
   outstanding professor.to think of it, it might just as well have been family.
                                                    just        have been
                 Old Ed was my oldest friend. In fact, we used to call each
                                              Close
                 other ‟old Friend‟--when we‟d meet, that is. I‟m not much of
                 a hand at writing.”

              Sentence      Word


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                                                                Home




    “I don‟t think any of us keep up our correspondence
                                   up
  too well,” I said. “I know I don‟t. But I take it he‟s
                                              take
  someone you‟ve known quite a while?”
    “All my life, practically We were kids together, so we
                  practically.
  go way back.”
                             “Went to school together?”
                             “All the way through high
                          school. We were in the same
                          class, in fact, through both grade
                          and high school.”
                            “There are not too many people
   who‟ve had such a long friendship,” I said.


   Sentence      Word


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                           “I don‟t think any of us keep up our correspondence
                                                          up
                        too well,” I said. “I know I don‟t. But I take it he‟s
                                                                     take
                        someone you‟ve known quite a while?”
keep up: continue without stopping
                           “All my life, practically We were kids together, so we
                                         practically.
s They risk losing their homes because they can
                                   practically
                        go way back.”
  no longer keep up the repayments.
s                                              “Went to school together?”
  I was so hungry all the time that I could not keep
  the diet up for longer than a month.         “All the way through high
Collocation:
 keep to           坚持;信守
                                            school. We were in the same
    keep up with   跟上;赶上                    class, in fact, through both grade
    keep on        继续进行;反复地做                and high school.”
    keep out of    躲开;(使)置身于„之外               “There are not too many people
    keep off           who‟ve
                   避开;不让„接近 had such a long friendship,” I said.
                                         Next     Close


                        Sentence        Word


                     Before Reading         Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading
      Keep off                          keep out of



                                                                                          Home




                      “I don‟t think any of us keep up our correspondence
                                                       up
                    too well,” I said. “I know I don‟t. But I take it he‟s
Keep up, keep to, keep up with, keep on, keep out of &
                                                                  take
                    someone you‟ve known quite a while?”
keep off
                      “All above phrases. Change
                                      practically.
Put into each gap one of the my life, practically We were kids together, so we
                    go way back.” practically
the form where necessary.
 1.               the grass!
                                                           “Went to school together?”
 2.If this rain                , the garden will be ruined.
                                                           “All the way through high
 3.Try to                 trouble.
                                                         school. We were in the same
 4.Don‟t run -- I can‟t                you.
                                                         class, in fact, through both grade
 5.He just               writing, paying no attention to
                                                         and high school.”
   the cry of the baby.
 6.He always                  his promises.               “There are not too many people
                                                    Close
                        who‟ve had such a long friendship,” I said.


                       Sentence           Word


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                        “I don‟t think any of us keep up our correspondence
                                                       up
correspondence: n.
                     too well,” I said. “I know I don‟t. But I take it he‟s
                                                                  take
                     someone you‟ve known quite a while?”
1) the act of writing, receiving or sending letters
                        “All my life, practically We were kids together, so we
     (often followed by with + n.)
                                        practically.
                                        practically
                     go way back.”
 s His interest in writing came from a long
    correspondence with a close college friend.        “Went to school together?”
s   敌人空袭后通信中断了。
T The correspondence dropped after the enemy‟s
                                                       “All the way through high
   air raid.                                        school. We were in the same
2) the letters that sb. receives or sends (used as an
                                                    class, in fact, through both grade
  uncountable noun)
s Mary really never mentions her step-mother        and high school.”
   in her correspondence.                             “There are not too many people
s The library bought all the correspondence between
                     who‟ve had such a long friendship,” I said.
   Queen Victoria and her daughters.
                                         Next     Close


                   Sentence       Word


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                      “I don‟t think any of us keep up our correspondence
                                                     up
                    too well,” I said. “I know I don‟t. But I take it he‟s
                                                                take
Collocation:        someone you‟ve known quite a while?”
                      “All my life, practically We were kids together, so we
                                    practically.
 carry on correspondence            practically
                    go way back.” 进行通信
 break off correspondence             中断通信
                                                “Went to school together?”
 business/commercial correspondence   商业书信
                                                “All the way through high
 personal correspondence           私人信函
                                              school. We were in the same
 in correspondence with           与„有通信联系
                                              class, in fact, through both grade
                                              and high school.”
                                        Close
                                               “There are not too many people
                     who‟ve had such a long friendship,” I said.


                    Sentence     Word


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                         “I don‟t think any of us keep up our correspondence
                                                        up
                      too well,” I said. “I know I don‟t. But I take it he‟s
practically: adv. almost, but not completely or exactly            take
s   她几乎每天上班迟到。        someone you‟ve known quite a while?”
                         “All my life, practically We were kids together, so we
T She‟s practically always late for work.practically.
                                         practically
                      go way back.”
s    He‟d known the old man for
     practically ten years.                      “Went to school together?”
s   I know people who find it practically        “All the way through high
    impossible to give up smoking.             school. We were in the same
                                               class, in fact, through both grade
                                          Closeand high school.”
                                                “There are not too many people
                       who‟ve had such a long friendship,” I said.


                   Sentence      Word


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      “Actually,” the driver went on, “I hadn‟t seen him more
    than once or twice a year over the past 25 or 30 years
    because I moved away from the old neighborhood and
    you kind of lose touch even though you never forget. He
    was a great guy.”
     “You said „was‟. Does that mean -- ?”
     He nodded. “Died a couple of weeks ago.”
     “I‟m sorry,” I said. “It‟s no fun to lose any friend -- and
    losing a real old one is even tougher.”



   Sentence      Word


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                          “Actually,” the driver went on, “I hadn‟t seen him more
                         of” is esp. AmE, “sort of ” year
kind of/sort of: (“kindthan once or twice a esp. over the past 25 or 30 years
                     BrE) a little bit; in some way or
                        because moved away from the old neighborhood and
                     degree (used Ibefore v. or after a
                     link verb)
                        you kind of lose touch even though you never forget. He
        The boy‟s description kind of gives us an idea
                     was a
        of what‟s happening. great guy.”
s   She wasn‟t beautiful. But she was kind of cute.
                        “You said ‟was‟. Does that mean -- ?”
s   她有点希望能受到邀请。
                        He nodded. “Died a couple of weeks ago.”
T   She kind of hoped to be invited.
                        “I‟m sorry,” I said. “It‟s no fun to lose any friend -- and
                                                Close
                     losing a real old one is even tougher.”



                    Sentence       Word


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                          “Actually,” the driver went on, “I hadn‟t seen him more
lose touch (with   sb.): meet and contact sb. less and
                       than once or twice a year over the past 25 or 30 years
                         less often, gradually stop
                         writing, telephoning, away from the old neighborhood and
                       because I moved or visiting
                         them
                       you kind of lose touch even though you never forget. He
 s   I lost touch with my former classmates after
                        was a great guy.”
     graduation.
                        “You said ‟was‟. Does that mean -- ?”
 s   In my job one tends to lose touch with friends.
                        He nodded. “Died a couple of weeks ago.”
                                                  “It‟s
                        “I‟m sorry,” I said. Close no fun to lose any friend -- and
                       losing a real old one is even tougher.”



                      Sentence       Word


                   Before Reading        Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading
                                                                                   Home




                          “Actually,” the driver went on, “I hadn‟t seen him more
a couple of: a few; more than one but not many year over the past 25 or 30 years
                       than once or twice a
s Do you have a moment? There are a couple of
                       because I moved away from the old neighborhood and
   things I‟d like to talk to you about.
                       you kind of they touch even though you never forget. He
s They promised the students that losewould find a
  substitute teacher in a couple of days.
                   was a great guy.”
                    “You said ‟was‟. Does that mean -- ?”
                    He nodded. “Died a couple of weeks ago.”
                    “I‟m sorry,” I said. “It‟s no fun to lose any friend -- and
                                               Close
                   losing a real old one is even tougher.”



                  Sentence        Word


               Before Reading         Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading
                                                                Home




      He didn‟t reply to that , and we rode on in silence for
                                                 was
    a few minutes. But II realized that Old Ed was still on
    his mind when he spoke again, almost more to himself
    than to me: “I should have kept in touch Yes,” he
                                    kept in touch.
    repeated, “I should have kept in touch.”
      “Well,” I agreed, “we should all keep in touch with
    old friends more than we do. But things come up and
    we just don‟t seem to find the time?
       He shrugged. “We used to find the time,” he said.
    “That‟s even mentioned in the letter.” He handed it
    over to me. “Take a look.”


   Sentence      Word


Before Reading     Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading
                                                                                     Home




                           He didn‟t reply to that , and we rode on in silence for
                         thoughts; of concern to II (If               was
on one‟s mind: in one‟sa few minutes. Butonerealized that Old Ed was still on
                        his mind when you are
                something is on your mind,he spoke again, almost more to himself
                worriedthan to me: “I should have kept in touch. Yes,” he
                         or concerned about it and think  kept in touch
                about it a lot.)
                        repeated, “I should have kept in touch.”
s Dealings on the stock market have been on his
  mind all the time.       “Well,” I agreed, “we should all keep in touch with
s This travel plan has old friends more than we do. But things come up and
                        been on my mind all week.
                        we just don‟t seem to find the time?
        You are always on my mind.
                            He shrugged. “We used to find the time,” he said.
                        “That‟s even mentioned in the letter.” He handed it
                                                 Close
                        over to me. “Take a look.”


                  Sentence      Word


               Before Reading      Global Reading    Detailed Reading     After Reading
                                                                                       Home




                        He didn‟t reply to that , and we rode on in silence for
                      a few minutes. But II                             was
keep in touch (with sb.): If you keep in touch withrealized that Old Ed was still on
                           mind when he phone, or
                      his someone, you write,spoke again, almost more to himself
                          visit each other regularly.
                      than to me: “I should have kept in touch Yes,” he
                                                            kept in touch.
 s The old man kept in touch with his children while
   living in a nursingrepeated, “I should have kept in touch.”
                       home.
                        “Well,” I agreed, “we should all keep in touch with
 s While doing the research work in
                       professor kept in
    the Antarctic, theold friends more than we do. But things come up and
    touch with his students via email.
                      we just don‟t seem to find the time?
 Collocation:
   stay in touch with    He shrugged. “We used to find the time,” he said.
                          与„保持联系

   get in touch with “That‟s even mentioned in the letter.” He handed it
                          与„取得联系
                      over to me. “Take a look.”   Close




                 Sentence      Word


             Before Reading       Global Reading      Detailed Reading      After Reading
                                                                                     Home




                           He didn‟t reply to that , and we rode on in silence for
                                                                      was
                         a few minutes. But II realized that Old Ed was still on
come up:
                         his mind when he spoke again, almost more to himself
1) happen or occur, esp. unexpectedly
                         than to me: “I should have kept in touch Yes,” he
      Sorry, I am late -- something came up at home.
                                                         kept in touch.
                         repeated, “I should have kept in touch.”
s Other projects came up and the emphasis of my
   work changed.           “Well,” I agreed, “we should all keep in touch with
2) be mentioned or discussed
                         old friends more than we do. But things come up and
s The issue of safety came up twice
   during the meeting. we just don‟t seem to find the time?
                             has shrugged. “We used to find the time,” he said.
s The term “Project Hope”He come

                         “That‟s even Next
  up a lot recently in the newspapers.   mentioned in the letter.” He handed it
                                                 Close
                         over to me. “Take a look.”


                  Sentence      Word


               Before Reading      Global Reading    Detailed Reading      After Reading
                                                                                 Home




                       He didn‟t reply to that , and we rode on in silence for
                                                                  was
                     a few minutes. But II realized that Old Ed was still on
Collocation:
                     his mind when he spoke again, almost more to himself
  come across          偶遇,碰到
                     than to me: “I should have kept in touch Yes,” he
                                                     kept in touch.
  come along           进展;出现
                     repeated, “I should have kept in touch.”
  come down            流传下来;落泊,失势
  come over
                       “Well,” I agreed, “we should all keep in touch with
                       从远处来,过来;短暂造访
  come through
                     old friends more than we do. But things come up and
                       经历(困难),安然度过
  come up with       we just don‟t seem to find the time?
                       想出(计划、答案、回答等)
                        He shrugged. “We used to find the time,” he said.
                     “That‟s even Next
                                    mentioned in the letter.” He handed it
                                           Close
                     over to me. “Take a look.”


                    Sentence      Word


                 Before Reading     Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading
                                                                                   Home




                         He didn‟t reply to that , and we rode on in silence for
                                                                      was
                      a few minutes. But II realized that Old Ed was still on
come up with, come across, come down, come over,
                      his mind when he spoke again, almost more to himself
come through & come along
                      of the to me: “I should
Put into each gap one than above phrases. Changehave kept in touch Yes,” he
                                                          kept in touch.
the form where necessary.
                      repeated, “I should have kept in touch.”
 1.He couldn‟t              an appropriate answer
   just at the time.
                         “Well,” I agreed, “we should all keep in touch with
                      old friends more than we do. But things come up and
 2.How‟s your work               ?
                      we just don‟t seem to find the time?
 3.These legends             to us from the 15th century.
                          He shrugged. “We used to find the time,” he said.
                      “That‟s even Next  mentioned in the letter.” He handed it
                                                 Close
                      over to me. “Take a look.”


                  Sentence      Word


               Before Reading     Global Reading    Detailed Reading     After Reading
                                                                                    Home




                          He didn‟t reply to that , and we rode on in silence for
                                                                     was
                       a few minutes. But II realized that Old Ed was still on
                       his come when he over,
come up with, come across,mind down, comespoke again, almost more to himself
come through & come along
                       than to me: “I should have kept in touch. Yes,” he
                                                         kept in touch
 4.The old man was 90 years old and lucky
    to
                       repeated, “I should have kept in touch.”
                    his operation.
                          “Well,” I agreed, “we should all keep in touch with
 5.We‟ve just               an old friend we
                       old friends more than we do. But things come up and
   haven‟t seen for ages.
                       we just don‟t seem to find the time?
 6.              and see us sometime.
                           He shrugged. “We used to find the time,” he said.
                       “That‟s even mentioned in the letter.” He handed it
                                              Close
                       over to me. “Take a look.”


                  Sentence      Word


               Before Reading     Global Reading     Detailed Reading     After Reading
                                                                Home




      “Thanks,” I said, “but I don‟t want to read your mail.
   That‟s pretty personal.”
      The driver shrugged. “Old Ed‟s dead. There‟s nothing
   personal now. Go ahead,” he urged me.
      The letter was written in pencil. It began with the
   greeting “Old Friend,” and the first sentence reminded me
   of myself. I’ve been meaning to write for some time, but
   I’ve always postponed it. It then went on to say that he
   often thought about the good times they had had together
                                                       It had
   when they both lived in the same neighborhood. It had
   references to things that probably meant something     the
  references to things that probably meant something to the
  driver, such as the time Tim Shea broke the window, the
   driver,
   Halloween that we tied Old Mr. Parker’s gate, and when
   Mrs. Culver used to keep us after school.

   Sentence      Word


Before Reading     Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading
                                                                             Home




                       “Thanks,” I said, “but I don‟t want to read your mail.
                    That‟s pretty personal.”
                       The driver shrugged. “Old Ed‟s dead. There‟s nothing
urge: vt. try very hard to persuade Go ahead,” he urged me.
                    personal now.
s They urged the local government to approve plans
                       The letter was written in pencil. It began with the
  for their reform program.
                    greeting “Old Friend,” and the first sentence reminded me
s Sir Fred urged that Britain (should) join the
   European Monetary System. I’ve been meaning to write for some time, but
                    of myself.
                    I’ve always postponed it. It
s 当老朋友布赖恩怂恿我接受一支香烟时,我实在忍不住了。 then went on to say that he
                    often thoughtpostponed good times they had had together
                                      about the
T When my old friend Brian urged me to accept a
                                                                        It had
                    when they both lived in the same neighborhood. It had
   cigarette, it was more than I could bear.
Pattern:            references to things that probably meant something     the
                   references to things that probably meant something to the
                    references
                   sth.
   urge sb. to do driver, such as the time Tim Shea broke the window, the
                    driver,
                    driver,
  urge + that-clause. (In the that-clause, “should”
                    Halloween1 that we tied Old Mr. Parker’s gate, and when
  or the base form of a verb is used.)
                    Mrs. Culver used to keep us after school.
                                                  Close


               Sentence      Word


            Before Reading     Global Reading   Detailed Reading    After Reading
                                                                               Home




                         “Thanks,” I said, “but I don‟t want to read your mail.
                      That‟s pretty personal.”
                         The driver shrugged. “Old Ed‟s dead. There‟s nothing
postpone: vt. delay (usu. followed by n./gerund)
                      personal now. Go ahead,” he urged me.
s The couple had postponed having children to
                         The letter was written in pencil. It began with the
    establish their careers.
s
                      greeting “Old Friend,” and the first sentence reminded me
    我们把比赛从3月5日推迟到3月19日举行。
                      of myself. I’ve been meaning to write for some time, but
T We postponed the match from March 5th to
    March 19th.       I’ve always postponed it. It then went on to say that he
CF: postpone & delay  often thoughtpostponed good times they had had together
                                       about the
     这组词都有“延缓”或“耽搁”的意思。                                                   It had
                      when they both lived in the same neighborhood. It had
     postpone 指将某事推迟或耽搁延后进行,也可以用来比
                      references to
                     references to things that probably meant something
     喻将某人或某物置于次要地位。例如:things that probably meant something to the            the
                      references
                     driver, such as the time Tim Shea broke the window, the
                      driver,
                      driver,
 s The ball game was postponed because of the rain.

 T 球赛因雨延期。
                      Halloween1 that we tied Old Mr. Parker’s gate, and when
                      Mrs. Culver used to keep us after school.
                                  Next    Close

                 Sentence      Word


              Before Reading     Global Reading   Detailed Reading    After Reading
                                                                                Home




                          “Thanks,” I said, “but I don‟t want to read your mail.
                       That‟s pretty personal.”
                          The driver shrugged. “Old Ed‟s dead. There‟s nothing
s It is not right for him to postpone the public interest.
                       personal now. Go ahead,” he urged me.
T 他将公众利益置于个人利益之后是不对的。
                          The letter was written in pencil. It began with the
delay                  greeting “Old Friend,” and the first sentence reminded me
   指由于干扰或意外事故而延误,特别是延误了某事的预期完
                       of myself. I’ve been meaning to write for some time, but
   成或某人某物的按时到达。有时也可能是由于主观原因故意
   造成的拖延或耽搁。例如:
                       I’ve always postponed it. It then went on to say that he
                       often thoughtpostponed good times they had had together
                                        about the
s The flood seriously delayed the train service.
                                                                           It had
                       when they both lived in the same neighborhood. It had
T 洪水严重延误了铁路运输。
                       references to things that probably meant something     the
                      references to things that probably meant something to the
                       references
                      driver, such as the time Tim Shea broke the window, the
                       driver,
s Our debtor delays payment from day to day.
                       driver,
T 欠我们债的人一天又一天地拖延还款。 that we tied Old Mr. Parker’s gate, and when
                       Halloween1
                       Mrs. Culver used to keep us after school.
                                  Next    Close

                 Sentence      Word


              Before Reading     Global Reading    Detailed Reading    After Reading
                                                                                Home




                     “Thanks,” I said, “but I don‟t want to read your mail.
                  That‟s pretty personal.”
                     The driver shrugged. “Old Ed‟s dead. There‟s nothing
postpone & delay
                  personal now. Go ahead,” he urged me.
Put into each gap one of the above words.
                     The letter was written in pencil. It began with the
Change the form where necessary.
                  greeting “Old Friend,” and the first sentence reminded me
                           two I’ve
 1.The ship was of myself.hours. been meaning to write for some time, but
 2.We are         I’ve trip until thepostponed it. It then went on to say that he
                    our always weather
   grows warmer. often thoughtpostponed good times they had had together
                                      about the
                  when they both lived in the same neighborhood. It had    It had
                  references to things that probably meant something
                 references to things that probably meant something to the    the
                  references
                 driver, such as the time Tim Shea broke the window, the
                  driver,
                  driver,                     Close
                  Halloween1 that we tied Old Mr. Parker’s gate, and when
                  Mrs. Culver used to keep us after school.

                Sentence      Word


             Before Reading     Global Reading    Detailed Reading     After Reading
                                                                                  Home




                            “Thanks,” I said, “but I don‟t want to read your mail.
                         That‟s pretty personal.”
reference: n.               The driver shrugged. “Old Ed‟s dead. There‟s nothing
1) the act of talking about sb./sth., or mentioning them
                         personal now. Go ahead,” he urged me.
   (usu. followed by to)
                            The letter was written in pencil. It began with the
 s It was strange that he made no reference to any
                         greeting “Old Friend,” and the first sentence reminded me
    work experience in his resume.
                         of myself. I’ve been meaning to write for some time, but
 s His recent book makes references to the political
    events of those days.I’ve always postponed it. It then went on to say that he
                                          postponed
                         often else to look for
2) sth. that shows you where thought about the good times they had had together
                         when page both of                                   It had
    information, for example thethey number lived in the same neighborhood. It had
    another place in a book
                         references to things that probably meant something     the
                        references to things that probably meant something to the
                         references
 s Make a note of the reference number shown on the
                        driver, such as the time Tim Shea broke the window, the
                         driver,
    form.                driver,
                         Halloween1 that we tied Old Mr. Parker’s gate, and when
                                            Next      Close
                         Mrs. Culver used to keep us after school.

                   Sentence      Word


                Before Reading     Global Reading    Detailed Reading    After Reading
                                                                                 Home




                           “Thanks,” I said, “but I don‟t want to read your mail.
                        That‟s pretty personal.”
3) the act of looking at sth. for driver shrugged. “Old Ed‟s dead. There‟s nothing
                           The information
                        personal now. Go ahead,” he urged me.
s Use the dictionary for easy
                           The letter was written in pencil. It began with the
   reference.
                        greeting “Old Friend,” and the first sentence reminded me
s Keep their price list for further
                        of myself. I’ve been meaning to write for some time, but
   reference.
Collocation:
                        I’ve always postponed it. It then went on to say that he
  a reference book      often thoughtpostponed good times they had had together
                             参考书,工具书
                                         about the
  a reference library when they both lived in the same neighborhood. It had
                            (不外借书的)参考书阅览室
                                                                            It had
  for reference         references to things that probably meant something     the
                       references to things that probably meant something to the
                             作参考
                        references
  in/with reference to driver, such as the time Tim Shea broke the window, the
                        driver,
                             关于
                        driver,
                        Halloween1 that we tied Old Mr. Parker’s gate, and when
                        Mrs. Culver used to Close us after school.
                                               keep

                   Sentence      Word


                Before Reading     Global Reading   Detailed Reading    After Reading
                                                                Home



   “You must have spent a lot of time together,” I said to him.
                  there,”                 “about all
   “Like it says there,” he answered, “about all we had to      to
 spend in those days was time.” He shook his head: “Time.”
   I thought the next paragraph of the letter was a little sad: I
 began the letter with “Old Friend” because that’s what we’ve
 become over the years -- old friends. And there aren’t many
 of us left.
   “You know,” I said to him, “When it says here that there
 aren‟t many of us left, that‟s absolutely right. Every time I go
             reunion,                      are
 to a class reunion for example, there are fewer and fewer fewer
 still around.”
   “Time goes by,” the driver said.
   “Did you two work at the same place?” I asked him.


   Sentence      Word


Before Reading     Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading
                                                                                   Home



                     “You must have spent a lot of time together,” I said to him.
                                       there,”                “about all
                     “Like it says there,” he answered, “about all we had to       to
reunion: n. a party attended by members of time.” He shook his head: “Time.”
                  spend in those days was the
                     I thought or next paragraph
           same family, school, the other group who of the letter was a little sad: I
           have not seen each other for with “Old Friend” because that’s what we’ve
                  began the letter a long time
        Before she went abroad for the years -- old friends. And there aren’t many
                  become over further study, the
        whole family had a big family reunion.
                  of us left.
 s The soccer club holds an annual/a yearly reunion.
                     “You know,” I said to him, “When it says here that there
 Collocation:
                  aren‟t many of us left, that‟s absolutely right. Every time I go
                        毕业后的同班同学聚会
  a class reunion
                                reunion,                       are
                  to a class reunion for example, there are fewer and fewer    fewer
  a family reunion      家人团聚
                  still around.”
                                                Close
                     “Time goes by,” the driver said.
                     “Did you two work at the same place?” I asked him.


                 Sentence      Word


              Before Reading      Global Reading     Detailed Reading     After Reading
                                                                Home




     “No, but we hung out on the same corner when we
                 hung out                    when we
   were single. And then, when we were married, we used to
   go to each other‟s house every now and then But for the
                                          then.    for
   last 20 or 30 years it‟s been mostly just Christmas cards.
           or 30                 mostly just Christmas cards.
   Of course there‟d be always a note we‟d each add to the
   cards -- usually some news about our families, you know,
   what the kids were doing, who moved where, a new
   grandchild, things like that -- but never a real letter or
   anything like that.”


   Sentence      Word


Before Reading     Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading
                                                                                 Home




                  “No, but we hung out on the same corner when we
                              hung out                    when we
hang out:          were single. And then, when we were married, we used to
                   go to each other‟s house every now and then But for the
1)(infml; used mainly in AmE) stay in or near a place,             then.    for
  for no particular reason, not doing very much
s I often hung out in coffeeor 30 years it‟s been mostly just Christmas cards.
                   last 20 or 30 I was
                              bars while               mostly just Christmas cards.
   unemployed.
               Of course there‟s be always a note we‟d each add to the
               cards -- usually some news about our families, you know,
               what the kids were doing, who moved where, a new
               grandchild, things like that -- but never a real letter or
                                  Next      Close
               anything like that.”


               Sentence      Word


            Before Reading      Global Reading      Detailed Reading    After Reading
                                                                                         Home




                       “No, but we hung out on the same corner when we
                                   hung out                    when we
                   were single. And then, when we were married, we used to
s   We can just hang out and have a good time.
s
                   go to each other‟s house every now and then But for the
    That‟s the corner where all the kids hang out.
                                                          then.    for
                   last 20 or 30 years it‟s been mostly just Christmas cards.
                           or 30                 mostly just Christmas cards.
                   Of course there‟s be always a note we‟d each add to the
                   cards -- usually some news about our families, you know,
                   what the kids were doing, who moved where, a new
                   grandchild, things like that -- but never a real letter or
                                      Next           Close
                   anything like that.”


                   Sentence        Word


                Before Reading         Global Reading        Detailed Reading   After Reading
                                                                                    Home




                    “No, but we hung out on the same corner when we
                                hung out                    when we
                 were single. And then, when we were married, we used to
2) hang clothes on a piece of string outside in order to
   dry them       go to each other‟s house every           now and then But for the
                                                                   then.    for
  I was worried that I had no time to hang out my
s
                  last 20 or 30 years it‟s been mostly just Christmas cards.
                             or 30                   mostly just Christmas cards.
  washing.
                  Of course there‟s be always a note we‟d each add to the
s What a pain! --It‟s raining and I‟ve just hung the
   washing out.
Collocation:      cards -- usually some news about our families, you know,
 hang about/around (在 „)闲逛 were doing, who moved where, a new
                  what the kids
 hang on                 (打电话时用语)不挂断;坚持下去
 hang over        grandchild, things like that -- but never a real letter or
                          挂在„上;笼罩,威胁
 hang up                  挂断电话;搁置,拖延
                  anything like that.”
                                       Next    Close



                 Sentence       Word


              Before Reading       Global Reading      Detailed Reading    After Reading
                                                                                     Home




                      “No, but we hung out on the same corner when we
                                  hung out                    when we
                were single. And then, when we were married, we used to
hang about/around, hang on, hang over & hang up
                go to each other‟s house every now and then But for the
                                                       then.    for
Put into each gap one of the above phrases.
Change the formlast 20 or 30 years it‟s been
                        or 30
                where necessary.                       mostly just Christmas cards.
                                                       mostly just Christmas cards.
                 Of I
1.I was so angry that course       on her.
                               there‟s be always a note we‟d each add to the
                   cards -- usually you like
2.I‟m afraid that the line is busy, wouldsome news     about our families, you know,
  to             ?
                what the kids were doing, who moved where, a new
3.The danger of war             Europe for 21 years.
4.Don‟t                   , things train that --
                grandchild,we have a like to catch! but never a real letter or
                anything like that.”
                                           Close



                Sentence        Word


             Before Reading       Global Reading         Detailed Reading   After Reading
                                                                                   Home




                   “No, but we hung out on the same corner when we
                               hung out                    when we
                 were single. and then,
(every) now and then: (every) now Andagain;   when we were married, we used to
                      sometimes; at times
                go to each other‟s house every now and then But for the
                                                       then.    for
s  Every now and then I have a desire to quit my
   tedious job. last 20 or 30 years it‟s been mostly just Christmas cards.
                              or 30              mostly just Christmas cards.
                   Of course there‟s be always a note we‟d each add to the
s I still see Jane for lunch every now and then,

  but not as often as I used to.
Collocation:
                   cards -- usually some news about our families, you know,
                            不时地
  now and again what the kids were doing, who moved where, a new
  now or never              勿失良机
                grandchild, things like that -- but never a real letter or
                                     Next      Close
                anything like that.”


                Sentence      Word


             Before Reading       Global Reading       Detailed Reading   After Reading
                                                                                 Home




                     “No, but we hung out on the same corner when we
                                 hung out                    when we
                were single.
NB: 表示“偶尔、有时”的词和短语:And then, when we were married, we used to
 1.at           go to each other‟s house every now and then But for the
                                                       then.    for
 2.(every) now and
                  last 20 or 30 years it‟s been mostly just Christmas cards.
                          or 30                 mostly just Christmas cards.
 3.(every) now and
 4.(every) once
                  Of course there‟s be always a note we‟d each add to the
 5.from           cards -- usually some news about our families, you know,
 6.some           what the kids were doing, who moved where, a new
 7.on
                  grandchild, things like that -- but never a real letter or
 8.occ        ly                             Close
                  anything like that.”


                  Sentence     Word


            Before Reading        Global Reading     Detailed Reading   After Reading
                                                                                  Home




                     “No, but we hung out on the same corner when we
                                 hung out                    when we
                    were single. And then, when we were married, we used to
mostly: adv. almost all; generally
s They have invested their money mostly in
                    go to each other‟s house every now and then But for the
                                                           then.     for
  expensive real estate.
s   The guests at thelast 20 or 30 years it‟s been
                       wedding or 30 mostly
                               party are             mostly just Christmas cards.
                                                     mostly just Christmas cards.
    friends of the bride. course there‟s be always
                       Of                            a note we‟d each add to the
                  cards -- usually some news about our families, you know,
                  what the kids were doing, who moved where, a new
                  grandchild, things like that -- but never a real letter or
                                         Close
                  anything like that.”


                  Sentence      Word


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      “This is a good part here,” I said. “Where it says
    Your friendship over the years has meant an awful lot
    to me, more than II can say because I’m not good at
       me,                       because     not
    saying things like that.” I found myself nodding in
    agreement. “That must have made you feel good,
    didn‟t it?”
      The driver said something that I couldn‟t
    understand because he seemed to be all choked up     up,
    so I continued: “I know I‟d like to receive a letter like
    that from my oldest friend.”


   Sentence      Word


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                      “This is a good part here,” I said. “Where it says
                    Your friendship over the years has meant an awful lot
                    to me, more great; II can say because I’m not good at
awful: adj. (used to add force) very than very
                       me,                             because not
        bad or unpleasant
                    saying things like that.” I found myself nodding in
 s
                    agreement. “That
     I have got an awful lot of work to do. must have made you feel good,
  s
                    didn‟t it?”
      I can‟t bear the awful smell of cigarette smoke.

                The driver said something that I couldn‟t
              understand because he seemed to be all choked up     up,
              so I continued: “I know I‟d like to receive a letter like
                                      Close

              that from my oldest friend.”


             Sentence      Word


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                      “This is a good part here,” I said. “Where it says
                   Your friendship over the years has meant an awful lot
choke up: become too upset to speak
                   to me, more than II can say because I’m not good at
                       me,                            because     not
       Losing my job left me completely choked up. I found myself nodding in
                   saying things like that.”
                   agreement. “That must have made you feel good,
 s When he learned the news of his friend‟s

                   didn‟t it?”
    sudden death, he was so choked up that he
   couldn‟t say a thing.
                      The driver said something that I couldn‟t
                    understand because he seemed to be all choked up     up,
                    so I continued: “I know I‟d like to receive a letter like
                                        Close

                    that from my oldest friend.”


                  Sentence     Word


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      We were getting close to our destination so I skipped
    to the last paragraph. So I thought you’d like to know
    that I was thinking of you. And it was signed, Your Old
    Friend, Tom.
       I handed back the letter as we stopped at my hotel.
    “Enjoyed talking with you,” I said as I took my suitcase
    out of the cab. Tom? The letter was signed Tom?
      “I thought your friend‟s name was Ed,” I said. “Why did
    he sign it Tom?”



   Sentence      Word


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                        We were getting close to our destination so I skipped
skip: vt. pass from (one the last paragraph. So I thought you’d like to know
                     to point, etc.) to another,
      disregarding or failing to act on what comes
      between        that I was thinking of you. And it was signed, Your Old
 s   报纸读者可以选择自己感兴趣的新闻,略过自己认为是枯燥
              Friend, Tom.
     的或无关的消息。
 T                       I handed back the he is
      A newspaper reader can select what letter as we stopped at my hotel.
                      “Enjoyed he thinks is boring or
      interested in and skip what talking with you,” I said as I took my suitcase
      irrelevant.
 s                    out of skim the text to obtain a
     The teacher said: “Firstthe cab. Tom? The letter was signed Tom?
     general impression of it. Then scan the first three
                        “I thought your friend‟s name was Ed,” I said. “Why did
     paragraphs and locate the birth dates of the main
                       as time it Tom?”
     characters. And he signis limited, we will have to
     skip some of the exercises. ”
                                           Close


                  Sentence      Word


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        “The letter was not from Ed to me,” he explained.
     “I‟m Tom. It‟s a letter I wrote to him before I knew he‟d
     died. So I never mailed it.”
        He looked sort of sorrowful, or as if he were trying to
     see something in the distance. “I guess I should have
     written it sooner.”
         When I got to my hotel
      room I didn‟t unpack right
      away.
     away First I had to write a
      letter -- and mail it.



   Sentence      Word


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                        “The letter was not from Ed to me,” he explained.
                     “I‟m Tom. It‟s a letter I wrote to him before I knew he‟d
right away: at once
                     died. So I never mailed it.”
 s Tom has got a high fever; he should go and see
    a doctor right away.He looked sort of sorrowful, or as if he were trying to
 s I wrote him a letter and posted it right away.
                     see something in the distance. “I guess I should have
NB: 表示“立即、马上”的词和短语:
  1.at               written it sooner.”
                           2.d    ly
  3.im           ly      When I ly
                           4.in
                                   got to my hotel
  5.p        ly       room I didn‟t unpack right
                          6.right
  7.straight          away.
                     away First I had to Close a  write
                      letter -- and mail it.



               Sentence      Word


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  After Reading

         1. Useful Expressions
         2. Writing Style
         3. Listening Comprehension
         4. Discussion
         5. Writing
         6. Talk about the Pictures
         7. Proverbs and Quotations




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                      Useful Expressions

   1.完全沉浸于                        be completely lost in
   2.引起„的注意                       get sb.‟s attention
   3.坐进后座                         settle into the back seat
   4.不着急                          in no hurry
   5.不大会„                         not much of a hand at…
   6.保持通信往来                       keep up correspondence
   7.从小学一直到高中                     all the way through both grade
                                  and high school




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                      Useful Expressions

  8. 老街坊                          an old neighborhood
  9. 保持联系                         keep in touch with
  10. 老同学聚会                       a class reunion
  11. 时间不饶人。                      Time goes by.
  12. 在一起闲逛                       hang out on the same corner
  13. 点头称是                        nod in agreement
  14. 在远处                         in the distance




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                            Writing Style
  1.Find out sentences from Text A similar in meaning to those
    given below.
  1) Go on reading your letter.
        Go ahead and finish your letter.
  2) I‟m not used to writing letters.
       I‟m not much of a hand at writing.
   3) We were friends since our childhood. So our friendship has a
      long history.
        We were kids together, so we go way back.
   4) For one reason or another you lose touch even though you never
      forget.
        You kind of lose touch even though you never forget.
    5) It is painful to lose any friend.
         It‟s no fun to lose any friend.



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                             Writing Style

   2. Try to make the following sentences complete.
   1) From a child or maybe a grandchild?
       Is the letter from a child or maybe a grandchild?
   2) Went to school together?
      Did you go to school together?
    3) Died a couple of weeks ago.
       He died a couple of weeks ago.
   4) Enjoyed talking with you.
      I‟ve enjoyed talking with you.




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                             Writing Style


     3. What characteristics do the sentences in Exercises 1 and
        2 share?

           They are very colloquial.




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                              Writing Style
  4. Say something about the differences between spoken English
     and written English.
       Most of this text is actually a re-creation of the conversation
    between a taxi driver and the narrator. Therefore it provides
    ample examples of how English is spoken in daily life by native
    speakers.
      In spoken English sentences tend to be short and simple.
    Some sentences are incomplete.
      Besides, some words or phrases do not usually find their way
    into written English, for example, sort of, kind of, you know, I
    think, I guess, I take it, well, go ahead, hang out, it‟s no fun to do
    sth., not much of a hand at doing sth., a couple of, every now
    and then, an awful lot,etc.




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                     Listening Comprehension

    Difficult words and phrases:

    interview, jealous, forgive, fault, mood, an essential part, fulfill,
    tremendous satisfaction, male and female, spiritually




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                                     Listening Comprehension

         What does Difficult words and phrases:
                    friendship mean to you?
Mr. Brooks is being interviewed on the subject of
friendship.          interview, jealous, forgive, fault, mood, an essential part, fulfilling,
Mr. Brooks :         tremendous satisfaction, male and female, spiritually
   I consider friendship to be one of the most
   important things in life. They say “a friend in need is
   a friend indeed”. That‟s partly true. But a real friend
   should also be able to share your happy moments
   -- without feeling jealous. A good friendship is one
   where you accept and forgive faults, understand
   moods, and don‟t feel hurt if a friend doesn‟t feel
   like seeing you. Of course, honesty is an essential
   part of any relationship. We should learn to accept
   our friends for what they are.
                                       Next     Close




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                                    Listening Comprehension

       What does Difficult words and phrases:
                    friendship mean to you?
Reporter: As a married man, do you find your
           friendships are only with other men? fault, mood, an essential part, fulfilling,
                     interview, jealous, forgive,
                     tremendous my wife and I have
Mr.Brooks: Of course not! Both satisfaction, male and female, spiritually
           men and women friends. Although family
           life is fulfilled, it isn‟t enough! Both my wife
           and I get tremendous satisfaction from our
           friends, married and single, male and
           female -- and we both have our separate
           friends too.
Reporter: You must have a full life!
Mr. Brooks:We certainly do! And as I say, our friends
           give us a lot of pleasure. After all, friends
           should not be people with whom you kill
           time. Real friendship, in my opinion, is a
           “spiritually developing” experience.
                                      Next     Close


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                                    Listening Comprehension

                   Difficult using and phrases:
Complete the summary bywords the information you
get from the interview.
                    interview, jealous,
   In Mr. Brooks‟ opinion, friendship is forgive, fault, mood, an essential part, fulfilling,
                                                            .
                                                   male
                    tremendous satisfaction,in needand female, spiritually
                          .He thinks “ A friend
is a friend indeed” is         true. A real friend should
be able to share your                           -- without
feeling           . A good friendship is one where one
accepts and forgives         , and understands            .
             is an essential part of any relationship.
According to Mr. Brooks, family life is not enough
without friends even if it is fulfilled. He and his wife
get tremendous               from their friends. After all,
real friendship, in his opinion, is a spiritually
             experience.

                                               Close



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                             Discussion

  1. The texts in this unit are about friendship. Decide which of the
     following statements you agree or disagree with.
        -- Real friends are always of the same sex.
        -- Childhood friendship rarely lasts into adulthood.
        -- Time and distance can never alter real friendship.
   2. Write down two names: a childhood friend you still remember
      and a close friend now. How similar or different are your
      relationships with each one?




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                              Writing
   Poems
        Appreciation of Two Poems
        Stanza Completion
        Poem Writing

    Friendly Letters
         Structure of Friendly Letters
         Format for Friendly Letters
         Reconstruction of the Letter to Ed




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                       Appreciation of Two Poems

     Read the following two poems and discuss what
     they are about.

          REMEMBER                  WHAT YOU ARE TO ME

       Christina Rossetti             Author Unknown




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             REMEMBER

           Christina Rossetti


 Christina       Rossetti   (1830~
 1894): sister of the poet Dante,
 one of the most important
 women       poets     writing    in
 nineteenth-century England.




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                                 Remember
Remember me when I am gone away,
                                          Click the word in red to see its meaning
Gone far away into the silent land.
When you can no more hold me by the hand,
Nor I half turn to go yet turning stay.
Remember me when no more day by day,
You‟ll tell me of our future that you planned.
Only remember me,
You understand it would be late to counsel then or pray.
And if you should forget me for a while and afterwards remember,
Do not grieve,
         grieve
With the darkness and corruption leave,
A vestige of the thoughts that once I had.
Better by far you should forget and smile,
Than that you should remember and be sad.



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                                 Remember
Remember me when I am gone away,
                                          Click the word in red to see its meaning
Gone far away into the silent land.
When you can no more hold me by the hand,
Nor I half turn to go yet turning stay.
Remember me when no more day by day,
You‟ll tell me of our future that you planned.
Only remember me,
You understand it would be late to counsel then or pray. advise
And if you should forget me for a while and afterwards remember,
Do not grieve,
         grieve
With the darkness and corruption leave,
A vestige of the thoughts that once I had.
Better by far you should forget and smile,
Than that you should remember and be sad.



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                                 Remember
Remember me when I am gone away,
                                          Click the word in red to see its meaning
Gone far away into the silent land.
When you can no more hold me by the hand,
Nor I half turn to go yet turning stay.
Remember me when no more day by day,
You‟ll tell me of our future that you planned.
Only remember me,
You understand it would be late to counsel then or pray.
And if you should forget me for a while and afterwards remember,
Do not grieve, suffer from sadness or sorrow, esp. over a loss
         grieve
With the darkness and corruption leave,
A vestige of the thoughts that once I had.
Better by far you should forget and smile,
Than that you should remember and be sad.



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                                 Remember
Remember me when I am gone away,
                                          Click the word in red to see its meaning
Gone far away into the silent land.
When you can no more hold me by the hand,
Nor I half turn to go yet turning stay.
Remember me when no more day by day,
You‟ll tell me of our future that you planned.
Only remember me,
You understand it would be late to counsel then or pray.
And if you should forget me for a while and afterwards remember,
Do not grieve,
         grieve
With the darkness and corruption leave, decay of the body after death
A vestige of the thoughts that once I had.
Better by far you should forget and smile,
Than that you should remember and be sad.



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                                Remember
Remember me when I am gone away,
                                          Click the word in red to see its meaning
Gone far away into the silent land.
When you can no more hold me by the hand,
Nor I half turn to go yet turning stay.
Remember me when no more day by day,
You‟ll tell me of our future that you planned.
Only remember me,
You understand it would be late to counsel then or pray.
And if you should forget me for a while and afterwards remember,
Do not grieve,
         grieve
With the darkness and corruption leave,
A vestige of the thoughts that once I had. a sign, mark, track or other proof
                                                that someone or something
Better by far you should forget and smile, formerly existed or was present
Than that you should remember and be sad.



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                  WHAT YOU ARE TO ME
                       Author Unknown

  A quick glance, a tender smile,
  I am caught in a spell
                   spell.
  A gentle touch, a warm embrace
                         embrace,
  I know that all too well.
  A soft voice, an unspoken love,
  Across the way I see.
  A kind face, an inner beauty,
  That‟s what you are to me.
                                     Click the word in red to see its meaning




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                  WHAT YOU ARE TO ME
                       Author Unknown

  A quick glance, a tender smile,
  I am caught in a spell
                   spell.
  A gentle touch, a warm embrace
                         embrace,
  I know that all too well.
  A soft voice, an unspoken love,
  Across the way I see.
                                     a condition caused by magical power
  A kind face, an inner beauty,
  That‟s what you are to me.
                                     Click the word in red to see its meaning




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                  WHAT YOU ARE TO ME
                       Author Unknown

  A quick glance, a tender smile,
  I am caught in a spell
                   spell.
  A gentle touch, a warm embrace
                         embrace,
  I know that all too well.
  A soft voice, an unspoken love,
  Across the way I see.
  A kind face, an inner beauty,
                                     taking and holding each other in the arms
  That‟s what you are to me.         as a sign of love
                                       Click the word in red to see its meaning




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                          Stanza Completion
    Friendship is the kind of love
    That                        .
    Warm and cozy(温暖舒适的) it will stay
    When               .
    Friendship is a love so true
    That                               ,
    Because a friend will always be
    There                      .
    So hold these friends dear to you,
    And                            .
    Think how much they mean to you,
    And                                    .



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                            Poem Writing

        Write a poem about friendship.
        Send it to your friends.




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                    Structure of Friendly Letters

  Structure of Friendly Letters
   Friendly letters, also known as personal letters, normally have
   five parts.
   1.The Heading.

        This includes the address, line by line, with the last line
        being the date. Skip a line after the heading. The heading is
        indented to the middle of the page. If using preaddressed
        stationery, just add the date.




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                   Structure of Friendly Letters

    2.The Greeting.

        The greeting always ends with a comma. The greeting may
        be formal, beginning with the word “dear” and using the
        person‟s given name or relationship, or it may be informal if
        appropriate.
        Formal: Dear Uncle Jim, Dear Mr. Wilkins,
        Informal: Hi Joe,
        Occasionally very personal greetings may end with an
        exclamation point for emphasis.




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                    Structure of Friendly Letters

    3.The Body.

        Also known as the main text. This includes the
        message you want to write. Normally in a friendly letter,
        the beginning of paragraphs is indented. If not
        indented, be sure to skip a space between paragraphs.
        Skip a line after the greeting.




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                   Structure of Friendly Letters

    4. The Complimentary Close.


         This short expression is always a few words on a single
         line. It ends in a comma. It should be indented to the
         same column as the heading. Skip one to three spaces
         (two is usual) for the signature line.




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                    Structure of Friendly Letters

    5. The Signature Line.


         Type or print your name. The handwritten signature goes
         above this line and below the close. The signature line
         and the handwritten signature are indented to the same
         column as the close. The signature should be written in
         blue or black ink. If the letter is quite informal, you may
         omit the signature line as long as you sign the letter.




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                     Structure of Friendly Letters

    6. Postscript.


        If your letter contains a postscript, begin it with
        P.S. and end it with your initials. Skip a line after
        the signature line to begin the postscript.




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   Format for Friendly Letters



      The     picture shows what a
      one-page       friendly        or
      personal letter should look
      like.




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            Reconstruction of the Letter to Ed


         Text A centers on the letter the taxi driver wrote to
         his friend Ed. However, only part of the letter is
         revealed in the story. Now find out all the sentences
         from the letter and then reconstruct the letter to Ed
         in the name of the taxi driver.




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                     Talk about the Pictures




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                     Talk about the Pictures




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                     Talk about the Pictures




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                     Talk about the Pictures




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                     Talk about the Pictures




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                       Proverbs and Quotations

     1. A friend in court is better than a penny in purse.

          与其囊中有钱, 不如朝中有人。


      2. A friend in need is a friend indeed.

          患难之交, 才是真朋友。

      3. A friend to all is a friend to none.

          滥交者无友。




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                     Proverbs and Quotations

     4. Between friends all is common.

          朋友之间不分彼此。


      5. False friends are worse than open enemies.

          虚伪的朋友比公开的敌人更坏。

      6. Be slow in choosing a friend, slower in changing.
                           -- Benjamin Franklin, American statesman
           选择朋友要谨慎,换朋友更要谨慎。
                              --美国政治家 B. 富兰克林



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