Two-page Summary 1. Country: GREECE 1.1. Summary of Results 2009 Category Total Number of Number of Number of number of samples without samples with Samples with samples detectable residues not residues residues exceeding EU- exceeding EU- MRL MRL Fruits and 1959 1459 (74.48%) 431 (22.00%) 69 (3.52%) Vegetables Cereals 38 36 (94.74%) 2 (5.26%) 0 (0%) Plant Origin 223 194 (87%) 29 (13%) 0 (0%) Processed products Baby Food 17 17 (100%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) Food of Animal 41 39 (95.12%) 0 (0%) 2 (4.88%) origin Feed 8 4 (50%) 4 (50%) 0 (0%) Total 2286 1749 (76.51%) 466 (20.38%) 71 (3.10%) 1.2. Organisation of monitoring programmes and Sampling 1.2.1. Responsibilities The multi-annual and annual monitoring programmes were designed and organised by the central competent authority. Monitoring programme for olive oil is foreseen through a Ministerial Decision. The responsibilities of the laboratories involved, regarding the number of samples of each commodity that should be analysed and the areas of sampling were well defined. The responsible for the EU co-ordinated program laboratories were clearly stated. The sampling is carried out by the responsible for sampling regional and local authorities. 1.2.2. Design of Programmes (priorities, targeting, criteria for the percentage of samples to be taken from the organic sector) The program was designed based on several risk analysis criteria and parameters (Number of samples (domestic and imported), for each product, agricultural produce, cultivation area per culture, expected imports, results from previous years’ monitoring programmes, dietary intake contribution of each product, sampling location, pesticides used in practice by the farmers, community control programme, relevant RASFF notifications for pesticide residues, personnel and analytical capacity of the official laboratories. 1.2.3. Sampling: personnel, procedures, sampling points The responsible for sampling authorities, with the designated personnel, follow the methods of sampling according to Commission Directive 2002/63/EC. Samples were taken from “the farm to the fork” (points of entry, wholesalers, retailers, farm gates etc.). 1.2.4. Enforcement action In the case of an MRL exceedance, the relevant to the case enforcement actions specified by national law are taken. 1.3. Quality assurance ISO/IEC 17025:2005, SANCO/2007/3131, SANCO/10684/2009. 1.3.1. Status of accreditation of laboratories, number of laboratories The official laboratories involved in the pesticide monitoring program of 2009 are nine (9) which are all accredited under the terms of the ELOT EN ISO/IEC 17025:2005. 1.3.2. Analytical methods used Dutch multi-residue method, MA-01, MA-02, Dithiocarbamates UV-determination, ELOT EN 12396-1:1999, Lentza-Rizos and E.J. Avramides, Analyst 1990-vol. 115., Lentza-Rizos, J. AOAC, 1994, vol 77, QuEChERS method of AOAC 2007.01, pr EN 15662 2007-10-24. 1.3.3. Participation in proficiency tests EUPT-FV06, EUPT-FV07, EUPT-FV08, EUPT-FV09, EUPT-FV10, EUPT-FV11, EUPT- FV12, EUPT-C4 2010, COIPT 09-olive oil IOCC, EUPT-AO-4, EUPT-C3-SRM4, EUPTSM- 01, EUPT-FV-amitraz 1.3.4. Implementation of EU quality control procedures The EC guidelines of the quality control procedures for pesticide residue analysis are followed as close as possible. 1.3.5. Analytical uncertainty The pesticide residues figures found are compared with the MRLs. In a case of an exceedance of the MRL, before any administrative and punitive enforcement action is taken, a default analytical uncertainty of 50% is subtracted from the measured value. If this figure still exceeds the MRL, enforcement action relevant to the case is taken. 1.4. Other information In all cases of MRL exceedances, risk assessment for acute exposure is conducted, using the ARfD value. In the cases of pesticides that an ARfD has not been set, the ADI is used.