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Dada and Surrealism - Download Now PowerPoint

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									Dada and Surrealism
                Dada
• Anarchic anti-art
  movement that
  developed during
  World War 1.
• Artists such as Marcel
  Duchamp and Francis
  Picabia made art that
  was based on chance
  and nonsense.
• It rebelled against
  modern society, high
  culture, the Art World,
and the organized
  brutality of war.
• Jean (Hans) Arp
  created collages
  based on
  randomly
  dropping scraps
  of coloured
  paper and
  sticking them
  down.
• Picabia’s collages used imagery that was
  completely disassociated with any art before it.
• Most Radically,
  Marcel Duchamp
  would exhibit
  found objects
  which he would
  exhibit as art.
                  Surrealism
• It was out of this spirit of Dada that Surrealism
  Emerged. But while Dada defined itself by a total
  lack of rules, the Surrealist movement, led by the
  poet Andre Breton attempted to define a new
  artistic ideology. It did this through its
  Manifestos. Breton published the first Surrealist
  Manifesto in 1924.

• Surrealism started off as a literary movement of
  poets and writers with Andre Breton at it’s
  centre. It took as while for artists to find a visual
  language to represent the ideas of the
  movement.
                  Max Ernst
• German artist who
  successfully bridged the
  gap from Dada to
  Surrealism.

• His early works combine
  the Dada interest in
  chance and non-art with
  the Surrealist interest in
  the Subconscious and
  dreams.

• This can be seen in his
  collages.
• . . And is frottages (images created
  through rubbings)
• . . .his
  grattages
  (scraped
  paintings)
• And a style he
  christened
  decalcamania
              Automatism
• These techniques are tied up with the idea
  of “automatism”. Surrealists believed that
  conscious thought was less important than
  the subconscious. Through automatic
  drawing (drawing without thinking) and
  the sorts of techniques that Ernst
  employed, artists felt that they could more
  faithfully represent the inner world of the
  mind.
            Sigmund Freud
• Surrealists were greatly
  influenced by the emerging
  study of psychoanalysis,
  especially the work of the
  Austrian, Sigmund Freud.
  Freud emphasised the
  importance of the
  subconscious and believed
  that dreams were a
  gateway to it. Through
  analysing dreams, Freud
  felt he could gain a true
  picture of a person’s mind.
     Surrealist painting (Veristic
             Surrealism)

• For some painters, automatist techniques
  were too limiting. They found that by
  displaying completely unrelated objects
  alongside each other in a painting they
  could present a personal vision or dream
  fantasy as if it were reality.
Rene Magritte
• Belgian Surrealist
  painter
• Used an understated
  painting technique
• Juxtaposed everyday
  things alongside each
  other to create an
  alternative reality
• As a result Magritte
  made the extraordinary
  look ordinary
    Salvidor Dali
• Eccentric Catalan
  painter
• Like Magritte placed
  unlikely objects
  alongside each other
• Also created distorted
  semi-abstract forms
  which emphasise a
  dream-like state of
  unreality
Yves Tanguy

• French-born
  American painter
• Like Dali created
  dream-like
  landscapes
• But Tanguy’s
  wastelands have
  no real objects in
  them
    Juan Miro
• Some artists, such
  as the Spaniard,
  Juan Miro, created
  paintings which like
  much other modern
  art rejected any
  sense of modelling
  or naturalistic
  perspective. Instead
  he pained symbols
  and shapes which
  represented
  subconscious
  thoughts and
  desires, often on flat
  backgrounds.
1. Pick one painting.
2. Describe what you can see in the painting.
3. Discuss the artist’s use of colour, tone and
   painting technique in different parts of the
   painting.
4. Why do you think this is a good example of a
   Surrealist painting?
5. What do you think is the subject or meaning of
   this painting?
6. What is your opinion of this painting? Why –
   give 5 reasons.
7. Or – MAKE YOUR OWN DADA art piece!
8. Or – find another dada art piece that is not in
   this powerpoint, insert it into this powerpoint
   and email it to me. Include info about it. Your
   name.

								
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