Hypothyroidism disease and symptoms of hypothyroidism

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href="http://www.healthtips2u.com/category/hypothyroidism"
target="_blank">Hypothyroidism</a> disease is a condition due to
underactive thyroid gland. There is a decrease in the production of
thyroid hormones, which slows down the body functions.<br>More than 15%
of older people have some degree of hypothyroidism. Women are affected
about twice as often as men.</p>
<p>Hypothyroidism Causes<br>* In many people, a specific cause cannot be
found<br>* Hashimoto's thyroiditis (the most common specific cause of
hypothyroidism) – the thyroid gland may enlarge initially but as the
disease progresses, it will damage the thyroid gland resulting in
hypothyroidism.<br>* Drugs eg. those used to treat overactivity of the
thyroid gland, lithium (used to treat mental illness) and amiodarone
(used to treat heart disease)<br>* Previous surgical removal of the
thyroid gland<br>* Previous thyroid radiation<br>* Disorders of the
hypothalamus or pituitary gland (these are rare causes).</p>
<p>Symptoms of hypothyroidism<br>Elderly patients have significantly
fewer symptoms of hypothyroidism than do younger adults and complaints
are often subtle and vague.</p>
<p>* Sensitivity to cold<br>* Constipation<br>* Weight gain<br>* Feeling
tired<br>* Dry and coarse skin, puffy face and swelling especially around
the eyes.<br>* Depressed mood<br>* Muscles and joints may be painful or
weak, which can interfere with the ability to walk.<br>* Non-specific
symptoms eg. confusion, loss of appetite, weight loss, falling,
incontinence, and decreased mobility<br>* Coma (or lost of consciousness)
if severe and can be fatal</p>
<p>The term subclinical hypothyroidism implies that the patient has no
symptoms of hypothyroidism and it can only be diagnosed by blood
tests.</p>
<p>information from WHO ( World Health Organization )</p>
<p>The thyroid gland sits in the neck and is responsible for metabolic
control. It produces thyroid hormone which is involved in many of the
body's metabolic processes. Among women with hypothyroidism,
(insufficient thyroid hormone), smoking is reported to be responsible for
both decreasing secretion of thyroid hormone and blocking its action,
thus exacerbating the symptoms of hypothyroidism</p>
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