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Endometriosis Treatment, Symptoms and Causes

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        <p>Endometriosis is a medical condition that occurs in women and
implies the fact that tissue from inside the uterus (called endometrial
tissue) somehow reaches areas outside it usually in the pelvic region and
starts growing there. This can happen in the fallopian tubes, on the
intestines, in the vagina or on the scars of surgical interventions. The
endometrial tissue that is normally found in the uterus is eliminated
monthly during period. The one that grows on other body organs tends to
also fill in with blood during menstruation, but there's no place for
eliminating this blood, so scars and cysts appear. Endometriosis is one
of the most common causes of infertility in women. If it occurs in the
fallopian tubes it prevents fertilization from happening. <br><br> No one
has yet come up with a viable theory in what concerns endometriosis. The
hypothesis of retrograde menstruation was at some point considered the
most probable cause, but it was afterwards determined that it can't only
be that. Genetics might play a part and hormonal changes, but nothing is
for sure yet. Diagnosing endometriosis is usually done after something
weird is noticed during pelvic examination. The doctor then takes the
decision to do a laparoscopy and biopsy in order to be able to put a
correct diagnosis. Laparoscopy is a minimum invasive intervention. The
doctor takes out a small amount of the suspect tissue with the help of a
laparoscope, through a very small hole in your abdominal area. <br><br>
Endometriosis symptoms vary from woman to woman. Some experience serious
pains, while others don't even know they have it. Pains during
menstruation are one of the most frequent symptom, as well as abdominal
pains and painful lovemaking. Abdominal and digestive problems are not
excluded either and many women experience nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or
constipation. <br><br> Since endometriosis is one of the main causes of
infertility, its treatment varies depending on whether or not the woman
wants to keep her fertility or not. Women that are not interested in
conceiving babies anymore can only focus on alleviating the symptoms and
on reducing and even eliminating the pains they have. In women that want
to remain fertile, treatment options are more complicated. Prescribed
pills for endometriosis usually have significant side effects because
they either induce menopause or stop ovulation from happening. There is
also the alternative of undergoing a surgery. Unfortunately, in women
seriously affected by endometriosis, complete removal of uterus together
with the endometrial tissue might be needed.</p>        <!--
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