THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE SHEE'AH AND THE MUSLIMS

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					    THE DIFFERENCE
BETWEEN THE SHEE'AH AND
     THE MUSLIMS




           BY
      SAEED ISMAEEL




         1995-1416
fu rht rJAfrrE AILah, rhe nosr Ben{icetr, rhe firosr nenciful
             of
iN ThE NAME ofAllAh, ThE MOST BENEficENT, ThE MOST MERCiflJ1
                    OF CONTENTS
              TABLE OF CONTENTS



Introduction
Introduction                                         1
Background of Shee'ah Ideologies
Background Shee'ah       Ideologies                  2
The Holy Qur'an
The        Qur'an                                    3
The Sunna Hadeeth
The Sunna or Hadeeth                                 6
Ijma' (Consensus Semi-Consensus)
Ijma' (Consensus or Semi-Consensus)                  8
Articles Faith andPillars Islam
Articles of Faith and Pillars of Islam              1l
                                                    11
The Shee'ah   Concept Imamate
The Shee'ah Concept of Imamate                      t3
                                                    13
The Family of the Prophet (peaceBeUponHim)
     Family of     Prophet 6ro""neuponHim)          I6
                                                    16
The Companions of the Prophet (peace Be Upon Him)
     Companions of       Prophet @eaceBeUponHim)    18
                                                    18
Toq'yah (Shielding)
Toq'yah (Shielding)                                 2r
                                                    21
Mut'ah - Temporary    Marriage
Mut' ah - Temporary Marriage                        24
                                                    24
Ghadeer
Ghadeer Khum                                        26
                                                    26
Conclusion
Conclusion                                          30
                                                    30
References
References                                          31
                                                    31
I*t*oDUCrroN
INTRODUCTION
      Thanks be                                        guidancewe searchfor'
      Thanks be to ALLAH, His help we seek and His guidance we search for;
                       ALLAH,           help seekand
ra*romsoever   ALLAH permits go astrayshall neverhave guidan"", , rlrornro"rr.i
whomsoever ALLAH permits to go astray shall never have guidance, whomsoever
ALLAH guides shall neverbe misled; and bearwitnessthat there is no God but
ALLAH guides shall never be misled; and I bear witness that there is no God but
ALLAH alone and He has no partner;and bearwitnessthat Mohammedis His
ALLAH alone and He has no partner; and I bear witness that Mohammed is His
servant and messenger.Peace be upon him, his family, his companions
servant and messenger. Peace be upon him, his family, his companions and their
                                                                       and their
followers until the day of resurrection.
followers       the day    resurrection.
      ALLAH commands us in the Holy Qur'an: "Let there arise out ofyou a
      ALLAH commands us          the         Qur'an'. "Let there arise
group of people iniviting to all that Lv good (Islam), enjoining Al-ma'ruf(i.e.
       of         iniviting    all     is                enjoining Al-ma'ruf (te.
Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do) andforbidding Al-
                                                            do) andforbidding Al-
Munhar (polytheism
Munkar (polytheism and disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden). And it is
                                          all             hasforbidden). And
they who are the successful"l. I pray to ALLAH that He will accept this work as
they             successful"r. pray ALLAH that                  acceptthis     as
a correct response to His commandment.
a correctresponse His commandment.
                   to
       The purpose        this pamphlet is to presenta
       The purpose of this pamphlet is to present a brief idea about the religious
                                                                idea aboutthe religious
issues that the Shee'ah scholars have disagreed upon with the majority of Muslim
issuesthat the Shee'ah      scholars havedisagreed    uponwith the majority Muslim
                     acquaint especially thosewho have a vaguepicture what the
scholars. It is to acquaint especially those who have a vague picture of what the
scholars. is
                      thought is comparison the malority'sversionof Islam.ln
Shee'ah school of thought is in comparison to the majority's version ofIslam. In
Shee'ahschool                                     to
short, is answerthe ever-risingquestions. the disagreement
short, it is to answer the ever-rising questions. Is the disagreement vital? And if it is
                                                  Is                  vital?     if is
vital, as a Muslim Shee'ah or following the Muslim scholars, what should I do to
                                or
vital, as a Muslim Shee'ah followingthe Muslim scholars,           what should do to
find the right Islam and the nght path to Paradise?
find the right Islam and the right path to Paradise? May ALLAH bestow on us His
                                                             ALLAH bestowon us His
mercyandnot depriveus His guidance.
mercy and not deprive us of His guidance. Ameen.
                                              Ameen.




t The Holy Qur'an: Chapter 3 verse 104.
I the      Qur'an: Chapter verse 104
Boa*cRouND oF 'HEE'AHTDEoLocIES
BACKGROUND OF SHEE'AD IDEOLOGIES
       When Islam came as a guidance for mankind, the early generation of
       When Islam came as         guidance     mankind, the early generation
                                           propagate
devoted Muslims sincerelyworked hard to propagate and defendit, allowing Islam
devoted Muslims sincerely worked hard                 and defend allowing Islam
to spread steadfastly.However, this createda wave of angerand hatredtowards
    spread steadfastly. However, this created wave anger and hatred towards
                       the narrow minded religious figures,especially Judaism.
Islam from some of the narrow mindedreligiousfigures, especially of Judarsm
Islam from some
They plotted to assassinate the prophet (peae upoHim)
They plotted to assassinate prophet (Peace Be Him) and to creatediscordor
                              the             Be Uprn    and      create discord or
fighting among Muslims (Fitnah). However, the Iman faith the companions
fighting among Muslims (Fitnah). However,the Imanor faith of the companions
was so strong that they were not affected suchconspiracies.      After the death
was so strong that they were not affected by such conspiracies. After the death of
many companions, the Jewishconspiracy
many companions,                           among others, represented Abdullah
                     the Jewish conspiracy amongothers,   represented by Abdullah
bin Sabaa,found its way first, thru Muslims less educated aboutIslamthenlater
bin Sabaa, found its way first, thru Muslims lesseducated    about Islam then later
on to the rest the MuslimCommunity.l
on to therestof the Muslim Community. 1

                                                                   (Leader the whole
       During the term of the first and second Ca'lee'phah's (Leader of the whole
       During the term       the first and secondCa'lee'phah's
Muslim nation) there were still many companions. the end
Muslim nation) there were still many companions. By the end of the third          the third
Ca'lee'phah'sreign,a greatnumber the companions the Prophet                    (peaeBer.rptnHim)
Ca'lee'phah's reign, a great number of the companions of the Prophet (Peace Be Uptm Him)
had passed away, while the number            new generationand new converts
had passed away, while the number of new generation and new converts had               had
multiplied tremendously. this time, the tribalist,racistand Jewishmovements
multiplied tremendously. At this time, the tribalist, racist and Jewish movements
found an opportunity cometo the surface.
                        to                      Among thesemovements that
found an opportunity to come to the surface. Among these movements was that of  was
Abdullah Bin Sabaa,as had been mentionedabove. He is a YemenJew who
Abdullah Bin Sabaa, as had been mentioned above. He is a Yemen Jew who
                                                       furtherinto the claim that he,
claimed that Ali had divine authority. This developed further into the claim that he,
claimedthat        had divtneauthority.This developed
his son-Al-Hassan. sonAl-Hussainandthe
                      his                         descendants the lattershouldbe
his son, AI-Hassan, his son AI-Hussain and the descendants of the latter should be
the future leaders the whole Muslim Ummah forever. This was. course.
the future leaders of the whole Muslim Ummah forever. This was, of course,
contrary to the currentpracticesinceafterthe Prophet     (peaerlerJprnHiml had
                                                                             Abu Bakr
contrary to the current practice since after the Prophet (Peace Be Up,m Him) Abu Bakr had
been elected as the Caliph (Leader) the whole Muslim Ummah (Nation),
been elected as the Caliph (Leader) of the whole Muslim Ummah (Nation),
followed by Omar. There was as yet, until today,no claim that                 shouldbe the
followed by Omar. There was as yet, until today, no claim that Ali should be the
                  d
first Ca'lee'phah
first Ca'lee'phah'.2

                                finally founda place acceptance the capital
                                                                    in
      This allegation however, finally found a place of acceptance in the capital of
      This allegation however,
the previously lranian Empire,Al-Madayen,       more easilythan in the otherregions
the previously Iranian Empire, AI-Madayen, more easily than in the other regions
   the IslamicEmpireat that time, especially    sinceAl-Hussain,  second son
of the Islamic Empire at that time, especially since AI-Hussain, second son of Ali,
was thenmarried to the daughter the last Iranian Emperor.3
was then married to the daughter of the last Iranian Emperor?

       This is why the Shee'ah concept the hereditary        system leadership
       This is why the Shee'ah concept of the hereditary system of leadership is   is
                                                                               Imam
                                                               fourth Shiite's Imam
confined to the descendants of AI-Husain, beginning with fourth Shiite's
confined to the descendants Al-Husain, beginning with
(leader).The claim that      shouldbe the first Caliphstarted   mainly as a political
(leader). The claim that Ali should be the first Caliph started mainly as a political
ploy to creatediscordamongMuslimsby agitating tribal andracialdifferences
                                                     the
ploy to create discord among Muslims by agitating the tribal and racial differences
and hostilities.
andhostilities.

' Zaheer, p 17-24, quoting three Shee'ah source.
I Zaheer,p l7-24, quoting three Shee'ahsource
2Ibn Taymiyah, Vol. 3 pp. 116-72.
2Ibn Taymiyah,Vol. 3 pp. I 16-72.
t Ali Hassan pp. 230-231.
             pp.230-231.
3     Hassan

                                                   2
                                                       was religious difference and
       The end result of the political claim, however, was a religiousdifference
       The endresult the politicalclaim,however,                                and
deviation from the Islam maintained by the great majority of Muslim scholars.
deviation from the Islammaintained the greatmajority Muslim scholars.
                                      by
       Shee'ah l derive their name from Shee'ee 2 which means in Arabic supporter,
        Shee'ahr derivetheir namefrom Shee'ee2     which means Arabic supporter,
here to mean the supporters of Ali, his sons, Hassan and Hussain, and descendants
here to meanthe supporters           his sons,Hassan   and Hussain, and descendants
    Hussain. Shee'ahare divided into groups'. theZaidis.who have deviated the
of Hussain. Shee'ah are divided into groups: the Zaidis, whohavedeviatedthe
least; the Ja'fari Eth'naiAshri, the Ismailis,and the AlawiNusairi. Druzes derive
least; the Ja'fari Eth'nai Ashri, the Ismailis, and the Alawi Nusairi. Druzesderive
their roots from Ismailism and Fatimid Shee'ah?
their rootsfrom IsmailismandFatimidShee'ah.3

       The following pages are devotedto the discussion the Ja'fari Eth'nai
      The following pages are devoted to the discussion of the Ja'fari Eth'nai
                                                           majority.
Ashri (Ja'fari twelve Imams), which represents the Shee'ah majority.
Ashri (Ja'faritwelve Imams),                   the
                              which represents Shee'ah




1
 'Plural.
  Plural.
2Singular.
2 Singular.

3 IbnTaymiuah,Minhaj, vol. lp.3; vol2p.l24 Tabatabai                                     Al-Falwazan pp. 9-l 8.
3 Ibn Tayrniuah, Minhaj, vol. Ip.3; vol 2 p.124 Tabatabai pp. 75-82; Abdulla pp. 73-143; Al-Falwazan
                                                          pp.75-82; Abdulla pp. 73-143;              pp. 9-18.

                                                       3
HOLYQUR'AN
  oLY QIIR'AN
           Ja'fari Shee'ah scholar says: 'that the number of verses the
     The Ja'fari Shee'ah scholar says: 'that the number of versesin the Holy
                            Al-Kolayni, which believed by Shee'ah scholarsas
Qur'an is 1700'.rAl-Kafi by Al-Kolayni,which is believed Shee'ahscholars as
Qur'an 1700'"
the most trustworthy and celebratedwork of HADEETH known in the Shee'ah
the most trustworthy and celebrated            ofHADEETH               the Shee'ah
             'Any human being who claims to have collectedthe Qur'an in its
world, says:
world, says: 'Any human being             claims    have collected the Qur'an
complete form is a liar. Only Ali and the Imamscollectedit all and preservedit'.2
complete           liar.      Ali and the Imams collected      and preserved it'.2
       The Shee'ah Scholars also allow their followers to readthe existingHoly
        The Shee'ah Scholars also                followers read the existing
Qur'an till they are taught their version. This permissionis basedon a Shee'ah
Qur'an   till       are taught       version. This permission based         Shee'ah
                                                        th
tradition which says: I said to lmam Ali Musa (the 8s Imam), we hearfrom you
tradition          says:   said    Imam Ali Musa (the 8 Imam),       hear from
Qur'anic verseswhich we havenot leamed.Are we committingsinstiy not reciting
Qur'anic   verses            have    learned.        committing sins by     reciting
                                               have learned. Someone will cometo
them? The lmam said'No, readthe way you havelearned.Someone
them? The Imam said 'No, read the                                      will come
                                  th
                                               will reappear and bring with him the
teach you' (referring to the 12 Imam who will reappear
teach         (referring    the l2e Imam                     and bring      him the
complete version according to the Shee'ah belief)3
completeversionaccording the Shee'ahbeliefi
                     scholars assure us that Prophet Mohammed (peae ttp@ Be Hin)
       The Muslim scholars assure us that Prophet Mohammed (peace Be Upoo Him)
       The
                     Qur'an its complete,cunent existingform orally and dtring
compiled the Holy Qur'an in its complete, current existing form orally and during
compiled the
                                   Bakr, a compilationwhich was written down
the C'laph'ah (leadership) of Abu Bakr, a compilation which was written down in
the C'laph'ah   (leadership)
                 4
a single volume.
a singlevolume.a
                                 Othman, the language the               Qur'an was
       During the C'laph'ah of Othman, the language of the Holy Qur'an was
       During the C'laph'ah
                               5
standardized and universalized. The approved variations in reciting a few words of
standardized universalized.s approvedvariations reciting a
              and                The                                      words
the Holy Qur'an do not touch its basic meaning. 6
the Holy Qur'an do not touchits basicmeaning.6
                                                            We Who have sent down
      ALLAH says in the Holy Qur'an:"Verily We: It is We Who have sent down
      ALLAH says the             Qur'an'."Verily lile: It
                                                       (from corruption)"1;"It isfor
the Dhikr (Qur'an) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption)"7;"It isfor
the Dhikr                  surely,lVe
Us to collect and to give you (0 Mohammad (peace Be Upon Him)) the ability to recite it"
IIs to                        (O Mohamtnud (p.o". upon
                                                 s,      Him)                        it"
8; "Falsehood cannot come to itfrom before it or behind it (it is) sent down by
8; "Fahehood             come to itfrom before                       is) sent down by
the All-Wise Worthy ofall praise (ALLAH)".9
the Alt-Wise Worthy of all praise (ALL/lH)".e


t Al-Usool Minat-Kafi, vol 2p. 634,1961;seealsoZaheer,pp
1 Al-Usool Minal-Kafi, vol. . 2p. 634, 1961; see alsoZaheer, pp.   77-152.
                                                                   77-152.
2 Al-Usml Min al-kafi vol I,p.228, 1968.
2 Al-Usool Min al-kafi vol. . 1, p. 228, 1968.

t Al-Kafi Min al-Usool,vol 2, p. 633, I 96I alsoseeAl-Khateebp. I l.
3 Al-Kafi Min al-Usool, vol.. 2, p. 633, 1961;; also see Al-Khateeb p. 11.

o Al-Bukhari, vol. 6,pp. 477-8.
4 Al-Bukhari, vol. 6, pp. 477-8.

t
5 Al-Bukhari, vol. 6, pp. 478-80.
  Al-Bukhari, vol. 6, pp. 478-80.
uQattan, pp. 170-85.
6
  Qattan,pp. 17G85.
7 HolyQur'an: Chapter15verse9.
7 Holy Qur'an: Chapter 15 verse 9.

 t Holy qur'an:
8 Holy Qur'an:    Chapter 75 verse 17.
                  Chapter75 verse 17.
 e Holy
9 Holy Qur'an:    Chapter 41 verse 42.
                  Chapter 4l verse 42.
        Qu'an:

                                                          4
       ALLAH had promised to preserve as a guidance Muslims everywhere
       ALLAH had promised to preserve it as a guidance for Muslims everywhere
and forever. This is contrastto the previous divine books wtrerein although their
and forever. This is in contrast to the previous divine books wherein although their
original forms are preserved
original forms are preserved with ALLAH, the ones in the hands of the followers
                                       ALLAH, the ones the hands the followers
   thesemessages distorted.
                    are
of these messages are distorted.
       The Muslim scholars udro consider the belief that the
       The Muslim scholars who consider the belief that the Holy Qur'an is   Qur'an is
                                                       1
adulterated a plain rejection the Islamicfaith.r
            is
adulterated is a plain rejection of the Islamic faith.
        Brothersand sisters,you can find out for yourselfthat the number verses
        Brothers and sisters, you can find out for yourself that the number of verses
    the       Qur'an is 6236 excludingthe
in the Holy Qur'an is 6236 excluding the "Bismillah" at the beginning of the Suras
                                                         at the beginning the Suras
(Chapter), but the Shee'ah Scholars claim that this
(Chapter), but the Shee'ah Scholars claim that this Holy Qur'an is not complete.
                                                               Qur'an is not complete.
Should we believe the Ja'fari Shee'ah source or the
Should we believe the Ja'fari Shee'ah source or the Almighty ALLAH and the
                                                                       ALLAH and the
Muslim Scholars?Perhaps some Shee'ah deny their
Muslim Scholars? Perhaps some Shee'ah deny their belief that the existing Holy
                                                                 that the eisting
Qur'an is not complete.           this denial could be shielding(Tuq'yah to lie to
Qur'an is not complete. But this denial could be shielding (Tuq'yah or to lie to
protectthe Shee'ahbelief).
protect the Shee'ah belief).




| Zaheer, p. 141-7.
I 7ahet,p. l4l-7.



                                          5
SU'N' AD OR HADEETH
Sar'*'o" oR HADEETH
        The Ja'fari Shee'ah scholarsconsiderSU'N'AH as what the prophet(peaeBe
         The Ja'fari Shee'ah scholars consider SU'N'AH as what the prophet (peace Be
                              1
rrmHin)and the Imams said.l AL-Kafi by Kolayni, in Tabatabai'swords is "the
Upon Him) and the Imams said.   AL-Kafi by Kolayni, in Tabatabai's words is "the
most trustworthy and celebratedwork of HADEETH in the Shee'ahworld".2 In
most trustworthy and celebrated work ofHADEETH in the Shee'ah world".2 In
this source, the names of the transmittersof the HADEETH are not frequently
this source, the names of the transmitters of the HADEETH are not frequently
mentioned.Insteadof the "prophet said", you fin{" the Imam said". Many of these
mentioned. Instead of    "prophet said",       finc\"   Imam said". Many of these
HADEETHs contradict the Holy Qur'an. The prominent criterion in validating
I{ADEETHs     contradict            Qur'an.        prominent criterion validating
                                                                 negate the Shee'ah
HADEETH is actuallywhetherit supports, at least,doesnot negate Shee'ah
               actually whether it supports, or least, does
                       most trustworthy of the prophet's peaer.t6-rr-rtraditions are
schoolof thought.The most trustworthy of the prophot'S(Peace Be Upon Him) traditionsare
school of thought.
the ones received through the household of the prophet, i.e. the Shee'ah lmams,
the ones receivedthrough the household the prophet,i.e. the Shee'ahImams,
                                             of
even though an Imam could pass away while his child is only nine, eight or five
even though an Imam could pass away               his              nine, eight
years old.3 For example, F{ADEETHreported Ali andcompiledby SahihAl"
years old? For example, a HADEETH reported by Ali and compiled                Sahih AI..
Bukhari is rejected if it contradicts the Shee'ahconceptof TemporaryMarriage
Bukhari     rejected if    contradicts the Shee'ah concept Temporary Marriage
(Nikah Mut'ah), but if the HADEETH were supportiveof the Shee'ahschoolof
(Nikah                 if the             were supportive ofthe Shee'ah school
thought, would be accepted matter who said,transmitted, or compiled it. 4
thought,it would be accepted no matterwho said, transmitted, compiledit.a
                              no

      The Muslim scholars define SU'N'AH or HADEETH as the sayings of the
      The Muslim scholars define                     or HADEETH as the sayings the
                             his deeds,tacit approvals the description his physical
Prophet (Pea"" Be Upon Him), his deeds, tacit approvals or the description of his physical
               Be nim),
Prophet (peae rtotn
             s Basically, there are two ways ofHADEETH authentication. The first
appearance. Basically,there are two ways of HADEETH authentication.               The first
appearance.s
                                                           the transmitters.Therefore
is the "Isnad", which means the reliability of the transmitters. Therefore
is the "Isnad". which means the reliability
F{ADEETH            broken linkages betweentransmitters rejectedbecause
                                                             are
HADEETH with broken linkages between transmitters are rejected because therel       therel
is no way to find out how reliablethe transmitters Second,are.          thereis "Matn'',
is no way to find out how reliable the transmitters are. Second, there is "Matn",
which means content of the HADEETH; that is, whether or not contradictsthe
which means content          the HADEETH; that is, whetheror       not it contradicts the
teachings the Holy Qur'an, there is anotherversion the same
teachings of the Holy Qur'an, there is another version of the same HADEETH with      wtth
                                                                             6
a differentchain transmitters, whetherthereis a strongerIsnad,etc.6Basedon
a different chain of transmitters, or whether there is a stronger Isnad, etc. Based on
                                   or
these methodologies the strictness the compilerin choosinghis HADEETH,
these methodologies and the strictness of the compiler in choosing his HADEETH,
                    and                of
the Muslim scholarsaffirmedthat the compilationsof Al-Bukhari and the Muslims
the Muslim scholars affinned that the compilations of AI-Bukhari and the Muslims
 are the most trustworthy source of the SU'N'AH of the Prophet@eaeBetrptnuim;.7
are the most trustworthy source of the SU'N'AH of the Prophet (pea"" Be Upon Him/
While the Holy Qur'an was compiled in written form right after the deathof the
While the Holy Qur'an was compiled in written form right after the death of the


ItTabatabai , p. 93 and Constitution article 2.
  Tabatabai p. 93 and Constitutionarticle 2.
             ,
22Tabatabai,p.
  Tabatabai, p. 110.
                 lto.
33 Among other sources,             pp.
                       Tabatabai, 94,207-8, and 210-l
  Among other sources, Tabatabai, pp.94,2O7'8,and 210-1.
4o Tabatabai,p.94.
  Tabatabai, p. 94.
,t Azami, p.3.
   Azami, p.3.
66 Azami,pp.32-72.
  Azami, pp. 32-72.
7   tIbn Taymiyah, Fatawi, Vol. 18, p. 17, Azami p. 87-96.
                                                  p.
      lbn Taymiyah,Fatawi,Vol. 18,p. 17, Azailrlli 87-96.

                                                        6
prophet @"* Be Him), serious compilationof the HADEETH took place after
prophet (peace Be npdHim), the serious compilation of
                  Upoo                                           place after
                       l
almost 100 years.l There were many reasons this delay,the major one being
almost 100 years. There were many reasons for         delay, the  one being
that agreat proportion of F{ADEETH dealtwith detailedteachingswhich shouldbe
that a great proportion of HADEETH dealt         detailed teachings        should
practiced by a true Muslim in his daily life. The companionswere actually living
practiced        true                          The companions were actually
compilations ofHADEETH because they were representing propheticmanners
compilations of HADEETH because        they were representing the prophetic manners
                                                              the
themselves. Therefore, there seemedto be no urgent need for serious efforts
themselves. Therefore, there seemed                 urgent need       serious efforts
towards                                         some great Companions were of the
                     compilation. Furthermore, somegreatCompanionswere of the
towards a written compilation. Furthermore,
opinion that the teaching of Islam shouldbe focusedfirst in the Holy Qur'an so
opinion that the teaching of Islam should be focused             the       Qur'an so
that             well-established. This was to avoid what had happened previous
that it would be well-established. This was avoid          had happened to previous
Holy Books in which divine words were mixed up with propheticsayings.
       Books           divine words were mixed           prophetic sayings.
       So brothers and sisters, which definition of FIADEETH is more accurate,
       So brothers and sisters,        definition          HADEETH more accurate,
given the fact that ProphetMohammedreaeBeUpmrlim) sealof the Prophets?As
given the fact that Prophet Mohammed (Peace Be Upoo Him) is the seal the Prophets?
                                                         is the
                         Qur'an: "Muhammad.(Peace Be Upon Him) is not thefather ofany
God says in the Holy Qur'an'."Muhammad lreoceBeuponni4 thefother of any
God says         the
man among you, hut he is the Messengerof ALLAH and the last (end) of the
      among          but           Messenger ofALLAH                       (end) ofthe
prophets... ,,2.
prophets..."2. Only the Prophets and the messengers ALLAH can receive
                       the Prophets and the messengers of ALLAH can receive
revelationwhich is binding unto whom the messenger sent.When the Shee'ah
                                                          is
revelation which is binding unto whom the messenger is sent. When the Shee'ah
                                 the Imams the sayings the Prophet,they are
scholars equate the sayings of the Imams to the sayings of the Prophet, they are
scholars equate the sayings
claiming that the Imam also receivedrevelation.If thesescholars         claimthat the
claiming that the Imam also received revelation. If these scholars claim that the
                                                                           not binding
Imams were only inspired, then the inspiration is a different story. It is not binding
Imams were        inspired,then the inspiration     differentstory.
to be followed to be enforced othersnor should be shared otherhuman  by
to be followed or to be enforced on others nor should it be shared by other human
                                  on
beings.
beings.




 t |'zarnip.2s.
1 Azami p.25.

2'Holy
  Holy   qur'an: Chapter33 verse40.
         Qur'an: Chapter 33 verse 40.

                                         7
IJMA' (CONSENSUS OR SEMI-CONSENSUS)
I"*o  (coNsENSUS 'EMr-.'NSENSUS)
                 oR
      Shee'ah scholars have a doublestandard         position conceming[jma'. On the
      Shee'ah scholars have a double standard position concerning Ijma'. On the
one hand, the Shee'ahscholarsemploy consensus supporttheir arguments,
one hand, the Shee'ah scholars employ consensus to support their arguments, e.g.
                                                        to                        e.g.
                     '... Both                                            'which were
Tabatabaiwrites                Sunniand Shee'ee    clearlyasserted...'
Tabatabai writes '... Both Sunni and Shee'ee clearly asserted.. .' and 'which were
                                                                     and
          by
acclaimed all...'1And on the other,Ijma' is rejected Shee'ah
acclaimed by all... ,1 And on the other, Ijma' is rejected by Shee'ah scholars who:
                                                           by         scholars who:

 l.Claim that thousands the Prophet's6r".*Berfuorrim)
 1. Claim that thousands of the Prophet's (peace Be Upon Him) companions had plotted
                                                              companionshadplotted
    against the Prophet's commandsand only less than ten
    against the Prophet's commands and only less than ten of them remained
                                                                       them remained
    truthful, therebytaking knowledgefrom theseagainstthe majority.
    truthful, thereby taking knowledge from these against the majority.
 2. Consider the millions Muslim scholars      throughoutthe Islamic history and the
 2. Consider the millions of Muslim scholars throughout the Islamic history and the
    globe as non-believers    because  they don't believein the I'ma'mah as an article
    globe as non-believers because they don't believe in the I'ma'mah as an article
    of faith, one which is basedon claimsrejectedby the majority.
    offaith, one which is based on claims rejected by the majority.
 3. Question the authenticity the          Qur'an and the HADEETHs authenticated
 3. Question the authenticity of the Holy Qur'an and the HADEETHs authenticated
        the majority including the interpretations  which gainedthe acknowledgment
    by the majority including the interpretations which gained the acknowledgment
       the same.
    of the same.
         Muslim scholars consider Ijma' as the third major source Islamic
        Muslim scholars consider Ijma' as the third major source of Islamic
teachings.    Whennothingis directlymentioned the Holy Qur'an or the
                                                  in
teachings. When nothing is directly mentioned in the Holy Qur'an or the SU'N'AH
about the case, then the Ijma' is considered as a valid source. 2 The most authentic
about the case,     thenthe Ijma' is considered a valid source.2 most authentic
                                               as                  The
text is the one reported a largegroup transmitters anotherlargegroup. This
                                                          to
text is the one reported by a large group of transmitters to another large group. This
is called "Tawatur".3 The mostvalid interpretation the SU'N'AH/FIADEETHS
is called "Tawatur".3 The most valid interpretation of the SU'N'AH/HADEETHS
is that which gains the approval Ijma'.4For
is that which gains the approval ofIjma'.4 For ALLAH says in the Holy Qur'an:
                                 of                  saysin the Holy Qur'an:
                   of you together, the Rope of ALLAH (i.e.
"And holdfast, all ofyou together, to the Rope ofALLAH (i.e. this Qur'an), and
                                                                  Qur'an),
be not divided among yourselves"s. Condemning deviation, ALLAH, addressing
be     divided amongyourselves"5.     Condemning  deviation,ALLAH, addressing
                      rtoo
the Prophet ip".* Be rrim) referringto thosewho deviatedfrom the right path,
the Prophet (peace Be Upon Him) and referring to those who deviated from the right path,
                                and
says: "Verily, those who divide their religion and break up into sects (all kinds of
says'.         those                                                    sects         of
                          (O
religious sects), you (0 Muhammad (peace Be Upon Him)) have no concern in them in
religious sects),                            TpeaceBenponni^)have concern them
                                           ALLAH, lVho then will
the least Their affair is only with ALLAH, Who then will tell them what they
     leasl         affair                                                 them      they
used to do" 6. The Prophet (peace Be Upon Him) said: ''...stickto the Jama'ah (Majority)
used to do'6. The Proph€t 6reaenerp-n^1          said: ...stick to the Jama'ah (Majority)
and avoid division. Satan is with the onepersonalonebut is more likely to avoid
and avoid division. Satan is with the one person alone but is more likely to avoid
the two together, whosoever wants abundancein Paradiseshould stick to the
the     together, whosoever wants abundance         Paradise should stick      the


t Tabatabai, p. +0.
1 Tabatabai,    40.
'Ftawi,IbnTaymiahvol. 19 pp. 5-8,and 192-202.
2 Fatawi, Ibn Taymiah vol. 19 pp. 5-8, and lg2-2\2

'Al-Jazari,vol. 1, pp. 120-6.
3 Al-Jazari, vol. l, pp. 120-6.

o Fatawa,Ibn Taymiyah,vol. 19, pp. 267-72.
4 Fatawa,    Taymiyah, vol. 19,pp.267-72.
5 Holy qur'an: Chapter3 verse 103.
'Holy Qur'an: Chapter verse 103.
u Holy qur'an : Chapter6 verse 159.
6       Qur'an: Chapter verse 159.

                                                     8
Jama'ah...'.1Jama'ah and consensushere is referringto the majority of Muslim
Jama'ah.. .'.1 Jama'ah and consensus here referring                of
  scholars who are knowledgeable aboutthe commandments ALLAH. In another
  scholarsrarhoare knowledgeable     about the commandments of ALLAH. another
                                                                 of
  HADEETH, the Prophet @ecBcrlorrim) 'My Ummah will not have consensus
              the Prophet (peace Be Upon Him) said: 'My Ummah will
                                              said:                    have consensus
. on what is wrong'.2The Prophetp*Be r&enin)also
     what                                                        '...MyUmmahwillbe
             wrong'.2 The Prophet (peace Be UponHim) also said:' ...My Ummah will be
                                                           said:
divided into seventy three groups. Only one of them shall be savedand the rest
divided       seventy three groups.         one of them shall    saved and the rest
shall be in hellfire'. When he was askedwhich group is to be saved,he responded:
shall                       he was asked        group         saved, he responded:
'The followers of my path and my Companions'.[n anotherversionof the same
'The followers of        path and      Companions'. In another version of the same
             he responded: 'They arethe Jama'ah'.3
HADEETH he responded:
HADEETH                     'They are the Jama'ah,.3

                                                 that consistency is one of the crucial
       Brothers and sisters, don't you think that consistency one of the crucial
       Brothers and sisters,
                                                   an objective argument? Don't you
elementsof any valid measurement a tool of an objectiveargument?
elements     any                     and
                       measurement and                                             you
think it is suspicious a personemploysan argumentwhen it supportshis biases
             suspicious if person employs an argument when supports his biases
                        if
                                                                   us assume that you
and rejects the same onceit refutesthem?Think aboutit. Let us assume
and rejects the same once refutes them?               about                   that you
as Muslims want to know which path leadsto paradise. group of peopleyou
as Muslims want                       path leads paradise. A group people
don't know anything about claimed that they know which path leads to it.
                anything about claimed that they             which path leads
However, one among this group gave you a direction which contradicts the
However, one among this group gave you a direction which contradicts the
directions of the rest of the group, numbering no less than eleven people.Both
directions     the rest     the group, numbering no lessthan elevenpeople. Both
descriptions  seemed be equally reasonable, which direction should you now
descriptions seemed to be equally reasonable,       which directionshouldyou now
follow? What if you came to know that if you do not know this person'sdirection
follow? What if        came           that if you do not       this person's direction
                                         hateyou, but the otherswon't? For ALLAH
or if you disagree with him he will hate you, but the others won't? For ALLAH
    if you disagree        him he
says in the Holy Qur'an:" there is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right
says     the         Qur'an: " there       compulsion religion. Verily, the
                                                      l(hoever dkbelieves Taghut
Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Taghut
Path       become             from
                                                  God 'ALLAH")
(anything worshipped other than the Real God "ALLAH'~ and believes in
                                       the                                believes
ALLAH, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never
ALLAH, then               grasped       most                                 will
break and ALLAH is all-Hearer, all Knower" 4.
breah      ALL,AH h all-Hearer,        Knower"4.

                                  think about as a basic rule. Thereare three
      Brothers and Sisters, just think about it as a basic rule. There are three
      Brothers and Sisters,
categories issuesupon which scholars differ and they are as follows:
categories of issues upon which scholars differ and they are as follows:
                   had confrrmed as the right one but had not definitelyrejected
1. The Majority had confirmed it as the right one but had not definitely rejected it
 1.The
   as wrong.
    aswrong.
                                             as the right one buthadnotdefinitely
2. The majority had not approved of it as the right one but had not definitely
2.The majority had not approved
   rejected it as wrong either.
   rejected as wrong either.
 3. The Majority had rejected as definitelywrong.
3. The Majority had rejected it as definitely wrong.
       The crucial differencesbetween the Muslim and the Shee'ahscholarsare
       The crucial differences between the Muslim and the Shee'ah scholars are
contained in the last category.
contained the last category.
           in




I
 t Al-Jazari, vol. 6, p. 669.
   Al-Jazari,vol. 6, p. 669.
 2 Bale€qp. 5,14.
2 Baleeq p. 544.

3
 ' Ibn Taymiyah. Minhaj, vol. 2. pp. 122-5.
   Ibn Taymiyalr. Minhaj, vol. 2. p. 122-5
 oHoly Qur'an: Chapter 2 verse 256.
4 Holy qu'an:    ChaPer 2verse256.

                                              9
                                              9
      Brothers and sisters, remember that there is a great deal of difference
       Brothers and sisters, remember that there is a great deal of difference
 between the 'majority of Muslims' which is not a sufficient evidence and the
between the 'majority of Muslims' wtrich is not a sufficient evidenceand the
'majority of Muslims scholars'wtrich is uitratis meanthereby Ijma'
 'majority of Muslims scholars' which is what is meant here by Ijma'
       Our Dears let us remembqr that ALLAH had wamed us against deviating
       Our Dears let us remember that ALLAH had warned us against deviating
 from His straight path. He says in the Holy Qur'an: "And verily, this is my
from   His straight path. He says in the Holy Qur'an: "And verily, this is my
Staight Path, so follow it, and follow not (other) paths,for they will seporute
 Straight Path, so follow     and follow not (other) paths,for they will separate
you awayfrom Hispath. This He has ordainedfor you thatyou may becomeAl'
you away from        path.     He     ordainedfor you that you may become Al-
 Muttaqun (the pious)".
Muttaqun (thepious )".11




1 IHoly Qur'an:
    Hoty qr'an:    ChaFer verse 153.
                  Chapter 66 verse 153.

                                           1
                                          10 0
~TICLES OF FAITH AND PILLARS OF ISLAM
   TICLES OF EAITH AND       OF'ISLAM
       The Ja'fari Shee'ah scholars say that believing
      The Ja'fari Shee'ah scholars say that believing in a hereditary system of
                                                         a hereditary system
leadership the whole Muslim Ummah(I'ma'mah) is as fundamental
leadership of the whole Muslim Ummah (I'ma'mah) is as fundamental as
                                                                   as
believing in one God. l To them, I'ma'mah is an article offaith and a pillar of
believing in one God.l To them, I'ma'mah is an article offaithandapillarof
Islam. 2 . In addition, among the articles referred to in the constitution and the other
Islam.2 tn additioq amongthe articlesreferredto the constitutionand the other
Shee'ah sources, there is no mention
Shee'ah sources, there is no mention of believing in the angels or divine
                                        believing    the angels or divine
destiny(Al-Qader).
destiny(Al-Qader).
       Muslim scholars affirm that thereis no suchthing as I'ma'mah, an alleged
      Muslim scholars affirm that there is no such thing as I'ma'mah, an alleged
hereditary system of leadership of the whole Muslim Ummah in Islam. There are
hereditary system leadership the whole Muslim Ummah Islam. Thereare
evidences the         Qur'an and the reliableSU'N'AH that evenrefute.and
evidences in the Holy Qur'an and the reliable SU'N'AH that even refute.and reject
                                                                                reject
this concept. ln the
this concept. In the Holy Qur'an, ALLAH says: "... and who (conduct) their
                           Qur'an,  ALLAH says: "...and who (conduct)
(Muslim) alfairs by mutuat consultation..'tr and the Prophet{peeBetloHin)was
(Muslim) affairs by mutual consultation... '''' and the Prophet<Peace Be qxm Him) was
commanded:
commanded: "... and consult them in the affairs... ".4
           "..,andconsultthem the affiirs...".a

       The Muslim scholarsbelievethat Islam is         on five pillars: Testifuingthat
       The Muslim scholars believe that Islam is built on five pillars: Testifying that
       is no God
there is no God but ALLAH and Mohammad is His messenger, performing
there                  ALLAH and Mohammad is His messenger,performing
prayers, paylng charity, fasting
prayers, paying charity, fasting in the month of Ramadan and making the
                                        the month        Ramadan and making the
                                          5
pilgrimage     the house
pilgrimage to the house of ALLAH. Furthermore, they believe that the
                                ALLAH.s Furthermore, they believe that the
fundamentalarticles       Iman are: To believe ALLAH, His Angles, His Books,
fundamental articles of Iman are: To believe in ALLAH, His Angles, His Books,
His Messengers,the last Day and to believe divine destiny,both the good and
His Messengers, the last Day and to believe in divine destiny, both the good and
the evil thereof. 6 If you read the whole Holy Qur'an you will not find any support
the       thereof.6 If     readthe whole       Qur'an          not      any support
    the  'I'ma'mah
                     concept', the alleged hereditary system
for the 'I'ma'mah concept', the alleged hereditary system of leadership of the
                                                                   leadership the
qiholeMuslim Ummah.
whole  Muslim Ummah.
       Brothers and sisters,shouldwe believethe majority
       Brothers and sisters, should we believe the majority of Muslim scholars who
                                                                       scholars who
are supported clearly
are supported clearly by the Holy Qur'an verses and reliable HADEETHs, or the
                            the      Qur'an versesand reliableFIADEETHs, the
      Shee'ahscholarswhoseopinionsare
few Shee'ah scholars whose opinions are not sanctioned by the Holy Qur'an or the
                                              sanctioned the           Qur'an the
reliable I{ADEETHs? Make surethat our sole intentionis pleaseALLAH only
reliable HADEETHs? Make sure that our sole intention is to please ALLAH only
and          truth
and to find truth for our salvation in this world and in the hereafter. Let us,
                       our salvation this world and           the hereafter.     us,
                                                                 believe! Believe
rememberthat ALLAH says in the Holy Qur'an: "0 you who believe! Believein
remember that ALLAH says the               Qur'an: "0
                flis Messenger (Muhammad(p~..u B~ Upon Him)),
ALIllH, and His Messenger (Muhammad(p*",Be Him)t and the Booh (the
ALLAH,                                               upon                 Book

I Constitution Article 2 and Asifi. pp.23-5
1 Constitution Article       Asifi.. W.23-5
2Al-Kafvol. 1 p. 290.
2 Al-Kafi vol. 1p.290.

t Holy qur'an: Chapter42 verse38.
3      Qur'an: Chapter    verse 38.
o Holy qr'an: Chapter 3 verse 159.
4      Qur'an: Chapter verse 159.
r Bukhari
,          and Muslim - Forty Hadeeths,p. 35.
               Muslim -       Hadeeths, p. 35.
t Muslim -Forty Hadeeths,p. 30.
6         -Forty Hadeeths, 30.

                                                 11
                                                 ll
Qur'an) which He has sent down to His Messenger, and the Scripture which He
Qur'an) which                         Messenger,          Scripture which
     down                         and            disbelieves in ALLAH,
sent dmtn to those before (him), and whosover disbelieves in ALL'AH, His
Angek, His Books, His Messengers, and the Last Day, then indeed he has
Angels,            His Messengers, and       Last
strayedfar away"l.
strayedfar a74tay"1.




1t Holy Qur'an: chapter 4 verse 136.
   Holy Qur'an: chapter4 verse136

                                       t2
                                       12
S"""'AH AH .'NCEPT oF I'M.{MAH
SHEE'      CONCEPT OF I'MA'MAH
       The Shee'ahscholarsbelieve that the Immateconceptis an articleof faith
       The Shee'ah scholars believe that the Immate concept is an article offaith
equal to believing in one God. I'ma'mah concept meansthat the spiritual, religious,
equalto believingin one God. I'ma'mahconceptmeans that the spiritual,religious,
educational and political leadershipof the whole Muslim Ummahis a matterof
educationaland political leadership of the whole Muslim Ummah is matter of
inheritance confined only twelveImams.Thesearethe husband the youngest
inheritance confined to       twelve Imams. These are the husband of the youngest
                                                                   of
daughter of the Prophet (Peace BeUpon Him), Fatima, her two sons and some of the
daughter of the Prophet (peae uptnHim),Fatima, her twO sons and sOme of the
                               Be

                                                was married the Persian emperor's
descendants her secondsons, Husain,who was marriedto the Persian
descendants of her second sons.Husain,
              of                                                        emperor's
          1
daughter.
daughter.r
        This religious and political leadership couldbe inherited a nine,eightor
        This religious and politicalleadership  could be inherited by nine, eight
five year-old boy? For example, the constitution of the Republic Ir~n states that:
five year-oldboy.2For example, constitution the Republicof Iran states
                                  the                                           that:
 ... the official religion of Iran is the Ja'fari Eth'nai Ashri and this article is
  ... the official religion   Iran is the Ja'fari Eth 'nai Ashri and this article is
                 forever,3
unchangeable forever'.3
unchangeable

         First    all, this belief is bound with the belief that these Imamsare infallible 4
         First of all, this beliefis boundwith the beliefthatthese     Imams areinfalliblea
and share
and share with     ALLAH the power of knowing the unseenincluding the
                   ALLAH the power           knowing the unseen including the
                                           5
                                                                        to
                                             They believe that obedience these
knowledge as to when the Imams would die. They believethat obedience to these
knowledge as to when the Imamswould die.5
                                - 'eventhe worship of God becomes   unnecessary
Imams should be unquestionable'even the worship God becomes unnecessary
Imams shouldbe unquestionable -
                                                            ' We cannot imagine
if this is the Imam's order,6 In Khomeini's words, it says' We cannot   imagine
   this is the Imam's order'.6In Khomeini's  words, says.
that the Imams can make mistake'.7       Also the I'ma'mahts interwoven
that the Imams can make mistake,7 Also the I'ma'mah is interwoven with the   with the
              'the spiritual status the Imam is universalviceregency is a
belief that 'the spiritual status of the Imam is universal viceregency. It is a
belief that
viceregencypertainingto the whole creation, virtue which all atomsin the
                                                 by
viceregency pertaining to the whole creation, by virtue of which all atoms in the
                                                     this authority. is one the
universe humble themselves before the holder of this authority. It is one of the
universehumble themselves       before the holder
                                  schoolthat no onecan attainthe spiritualstatus
essential beliefs of our Shee'ah school that no one can attain the spiritual status of
essential beliefs our Shee'ah
the Imams, not even the angels of the highest rank or messengers of ALLAH'. 8 On
the Imams,not eventhe angels the highestrank or messengers ALLAH'.8 On
the other hand, the concept is inherent in the Shee'ahbelief that all Muslim
the other hand, the concept is inherent in the Shee' ah belief that all Muslim
Ca'lee'phahs(leaders the whole Muslim nation),rulersandjudgesaretaghoots
Ca'lee'phahs (leaders of the whole Muslim nation), rulers and judges are taghoots



1'Tabatabai,pp.
  Tabatabai,pp. 190-211I &
                190-21 &              pp.
                              Hassan, pp. 230-1.
                              Hassan, 230-1.
 ' Tabatabai, pp. 205, 7, 10.
2 Tabatabai,   pp. 205, 7, 10.
 3
3 Constitution Article 12.
   ConstitutionArticle 12.
4o e.g..Asifi,pp. 23-25, Constitution, Article 2.
  e.g.. Asifi, pp.23-25, Constitution, Article 2.
 'Al-Kafi, vol. 1, pp. 206-62.
5  Al-Kafi, vol. 1, pp. 206-62
6u Islamicgreat Libraryp. 6.
  Islamic great Library p. 6.
7? Khomeini, Arabicp. 91.
  Khomeini, Arabic p. 91.
88 Khomeini, p.64.
  Khomeini, p. 64.

                                                     t3
                                                    13
(evil ones) if they are not Shee'ah or of the twelve Imams.l Therefore the
(evil ones) if they are not Shee'ah or of the twelve Imams. I Therefore the
constitution of Iran made surethat only an Ithna Ashari Ja'afai Shee'ahcanbe
constitution of Iran made sure that only an Ithna Ashari Ja'afari Shee'ah can be
             and the 'nationallegislative
president. 2 and the 'national legislative council shall not enact laws that contradict
president.2                                councilshallnot enactlaws that contradict
the principles and jurisprudence of the offrcial sect of the state'.3 The twelfth
the principles and jurisprudence of the official sect of the state,.3 The twelfth
 Shee'ahImam is believedto have been born in 868A.D. and is still alive(now
Shee'ah Imam is believed to have been born in 868 A.D. and is still alive (now
even after eleven centuries)but disappeared  when he was 5 yearsold. He
even after eleven centuries) but disappeared when he was 5 years old. He will
 reappearand the current Republic      Iran
reappear and the current Republic of Iran will be dissolved for him to take the
                                               be dissolvedfor him to take the
leadership.a
leadership.4

        The Muslim scholars        regardmonarchy    questionable    whereonly the political
        The Muslim scholars regard monarchy questionable where only the political
power is inherited. Therefore, they reject completely any form monarchyin
power is inherited. Therefore, they reject completely any form of monarchy in
which even the religious and the spiritualleadership inherited,
which even the religious and the spiritual leadership is inherited, unless there is
                                                                  is          unlessthereis
                  in
clear evidence the Holy Qur'an or the reliable                          the prophotlreaaner6,n
clear evidence in the Holy Qur'an or the reliable SU'N'AH of the prophetcPeaceBeUpoll
ni-r that supportsthis claim. Not only rs there no such evidence,but alsothe
Him) that supports this claim. Not only is there no such evidence, but also the

concept I'ma'mah contradictsthe principle the consultatron
concept of l'ma'mah contradicts the principle of the consultatIOn emphasized by
                                                                             emphasized  by
the Holy Qur'an.                 commanding Prophet,
                                               the
the Holy Qur'an. ALLAH, commanding the Prophet, says: ,·                  and consult them
                                                              says:".......andconsultthem
     affairs.........'6, praisingthe believers
in affairs......... '05, and praising the believers says: " ....... and who (conduct) their
                         and                        says: .......and who (conduct)their
        by
affairs by mutual consultation....... ".6
                  consultation.           tt   o




       The Muslim scholars alsoaffirm that complete
       The Muslim scholars also affirm that complete infallibility is an attribute of
                                                         infallibility is an attribute
          alone and no creatureshares with Him. Eventhe infallibility the
ALLAH alone and no creature shares it with Him. Even the infallibility of the
prophetsis limitedto conveytng      therrmessages truly and avoidingcardinalsins
prophets is limited to conveymg theIr messages truly and in avoiding cardinal sins
or disobedience  to               For example,
or disobedience to ALLAH. For example, ALLAH addressing the Prophet says:
                                                                     the
                                                        addressing Prophet          says:
       Proph€tp"o"" Upon llim) ftowned and turned away because a blind man came
                   Be upon frowned
"The Prophetweace Be triml                         away because              man came
to      (interrupting)".7 The Holv Qur'an assures that eventhe best creature
to him (interrupting)". 7 The Holy Qur'an assures us that even the bestcreature on
                                                    us                                on
earth does not sharewith
earth does not share with ALLAH the attributes of infallibility. Concerning the
                                        the attributesof infallibility. Concemingthe
knowledge the unseen,
knowledge of the unseen, ALLAH says in the Holy Qur'an: "I (Mohammad (Peace Be
                                     says the Holy Qur'an: "I (MohamntodTeeacene
upmH;mJ) have no power over ony good or harm to my self except as God
Upon Hin)                          any                          self except
                 if I
(ALLAH) wills, if I had knowledgeof the unseen,I should have multiplied all
                              knowledge ofthe unseen, I           have
good, und no evil should have touchedme...'r. Muslim scholars
good, and           should have touched me... ,,s. Muslim scholars consider        those
                                                                         consider those
who believe that some human beings are better than the messengers of ALLAH as
who believethat somehumanbeingsarebetterthanthe messengers ALLAH as

'1 Khomeini,pp.92-1.
   Khomeini, pp. 92-3.
2 ConstitutionArct. I 15.
2 Constitution Aret. 115.

3 Constitution Acft.72.
3 Constitution Aert. 72.

4 ConstitutionArct. 5.
4 Constitution Aret.

'Holy qur'an: Chapter verse159.
5 Holy Qur'an: Chapter 3 verse 159.

u Holy qur'an:
6      Qur'an: Chapter 42 verse38.
                Chapter verse 38.
t Holy qur'an:
               Chapter 80verses1-10.
7 Holy qur'an: Chapter   80 verses l-10
t Holy qur'an:
8 Holy Qur'an: Chapter7 verse I 88.
                Chapter 7 verse 188.

                                                   t4
                                                   14
kaferon (unbelievers),1 alone those who claim that somecreaturesshare with
kaferon (unbelievers), I let alone those claim     some creatures share
ALLAH His unique attributes or that obedienceto these creaturesis more
ALLAH         unique attributes          obedience       these creatures      more
                                                             th
importantthanto the Creator.The concept the still alive 12ftShee'ahImam
important than the Creator. The concept of the still alive 12 Shee'ah   Imam is a
myth which should not bp believed, alonebuild a whole systemof an Islamic
myth which should      be believed, let alone build whole system of an Islamic
government on Al-tabari assured us that the 11 th Imam had
goverrrment it. Al-tabariassured that the 11ft Imamhad no offspring'sat all. 2
                                us                              offspring's at all.z

      There are very few HADEETHs compiledby Termithy and Abu Dawood
      There are very         HADEETHs compiled            Termithy and           Dawood
mentioning the appearanceof Al-Mahdi among the signs of the Day of
mentioning the appearance           AI-Mahdi among the signs                 the Day
Resurrection. These HADEETHs say that he will have a name similar to the
Resurrection.  These HADEETHs say that he               have      name similar        the
Prophet's (Mohammad (Peace Be Up,m Hi-y)andhis father'snamewill be similarto the
Prophet's(Mohammad(p",*r+up,-       Him») and his father's name          be similar the
           father (Abdullah), not Hassan the 11 th Imam's name. He
Prophet's father(Abdullah),not Hassan l lth Imam'sname.He will be from the
Prophet's                                 the                                 be from the
descendants the first grandson of the Prophet 1p""* rhtn but not from the
descendants of the        grandson       the Prophet (Peace ireUpon Him) not from the
                                                            Be      Him)
                              i Furthermore, thereis no evidence
                                              there is no evidence that sucha person
secondgrandson's progeny Furthermore,
second grandson's progeny3                                            that such a person
wrll live twelve centuries.
will live twelvecenturies.
      Brothersand Sisters. Shee'ah
      Brothers and Sisters, the Shee'ah scholars
                                   the                   consider the I'ma'mah concept as
                                                scholars consider I'ma'mahconcept
                                                                   the                    as
                                                          That is, if you don't believe this,
an article of faith equal to believing ALLAH. That is, if you don't believe this,
an article      faith equalto believing in
then their definitionyou couldbe a Kafer (unbeliever),             God forbid. On the other
then by their definition you could be a Kafer (unbeliever), God forbid. On the other
                                                                             you
hand, if you believesuch with all its implications and dimensions you could be a
hand,      you believe suchwith all its implications drmensions couldbe a
                                                            and
Kafer by the definrtron the scholars
Kafer by the defimtIOn                            whose  loyalty is only to ALLAH andthe
                               of the scholars whose loyalty is only to ALLAH and the
Prophet (peaeBerrprnHimr,a special
                             not for           dynastyor race.Make surethat you choose
Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him), not for a special dynasty or race. Make sure that you choose
the nght pathto paradise
the nght path to paradise




 t Al-Tahawi,p. 557.
1 AI-Tahawi, p. 557.

2 lbn Taymiyah,Minhaj vol.l
2 Ibn Taymiyah, Minhaj vol. I   P. 37.
                                 P. 37.
 t Ibn AI-Atheer, vol. 10, pp. 330-2.
3 Ibn Al-Atheer, vol. 10, pp.330-2.


                                            l5
                                            15
    FAMILY oF THE pRopHET eo""n.uponrnm)
    F*rLy  OF THE PROPHET (peaceBeUponIDm)
       The Ja'fari Shee'ahscholarsconfine"Family of the prophet(pea€B€rbmHim)"
       The Ja'fari Shee'ah scholars confme                the prophet (Peace Be Upon Himj" to
                                             Be Upon Him), Fatima , his cousin Ali -
the youngest daughter of the Prophet (peae rrpd
the youngest daughter of the Prophet (pea"" Be Him),        Fatima, his cousin Ali-
husband of Fatima, the first grandsonand the secondgrandson(who marriedthe
husband of Fatima, the         grandson and the second grandson               married the
last Iranian emperor's daughter, then Shahrbanoo) and the eight descendants of the
                                                    and
last kanian emperor'sdaughter,then Shahrbanoo) the eight descendants the              of
second gtandsonfrom his Persian           1                   'lt is one of the essential
secondgrandson from his Persian wife.l Khomeinisaid: 'It is one the essential
                                     wife. Khomeini said:
beliefs of Shee'ah school that no one can attainthe spiritual status of Imam (Ali
beliefs    Shee'ah school that no one can attain the spiritualstatusofImam
and his descendants), not even the close angels or the prophets who are also
and his descendants), not even the close angels       the prophets        are also
messengers of God'2. Shee'ahscholarsbelieve that the leadership of the whole
messengers God,2. Shee'ah scholars believe that the leadership the whole
        Ummah
Muslim Ummah is confined only to the twelve Imams.Thereforethey neglectthe
                       confinedonly the twelve Imams. Therefore they neglect the
                                            cast cardinal accusations againstthe rest of
accomplishments and the virtuesof or castcardinalaccusations
accomplishments     and the virtues                                   against the rest
the prophet's 1p""o upm family and Companions, unlessthey are provento the
the prophet's (Peace Be Him)
                     Be Upon Him) family and Companions,   unless they are proven the
Shee'ah scholars to have demonstrated
Shee'ah scholars                                                    (This can be further
                         have demonstrated strong support to Ali. (This can be further
                                              strongsupport
                                                 sources Islamichrstory, for example
corroborated by reading any of the Shee'ah sources in Islamic hIstOry, for example
corroborated readingany the Shee'ah
Tabatabai, Ali Shariati, Ibn Abi al-hadid, etc.).
           AIi
Tabatabai, Shariati,      Ibn       al-hadid,etc.).
                                            "Ahl-al        the family the Prophet    (peaeB€
          The Muslim scholars consider "Ahl-al Bait" the family of the Prophet (Pea""Be
          The Muslim scholars      consider
           as        his relatives who cannotreceivecharity.This includesthe Prophet
r}q Him) all his relatives who cannot receive charity. This includes the Prophet
Upon Him)   as
                                Abbas and their posterity,3 wrves the Prophet@eaeBe
(peace Be Upon Him), Ali, Aqil, Abbas and their posterity,3 the wives of the Prophet (pea""Be
@ee       rtom
       Be Him),                                             the
Upon Him) are members of his family, ALLAH Says in the Holy Qur'an: "And stay in
rlo rrim) members his family, ALLAH Says the
          are                                                   Qur'an:     stay
your houses                  display yourselves
yoar houses and do not display yourselveslike that ofthe times ofignorance,
                    do                                     ofthe times
      perform
and perform regular prayers (As-Salat), and give charity (Zakat) , and obey
                                  (As-Salat),                      (Zakat)    obey
ALLAH and his Messenger. ALLAH wishes only to remove Ar-Rijs ( evil deeds
ALI-/IH            Messenger.ALLAH wishes                removeAr-Rijs       deeds
and sin, ect) fromyou, 0 members ofthefamity ofthe Prophet (peace Be Upon Him)"
       sin, ecl) from you, O membersof thefamily of the Prophet @eaceBerJpon*im)ee
          purify              thorough purification. ,,4, not only that, but all the
and to purfu you with a thorough purification.'4, not only that, but all the
                                                  ALLAH Saysin the
Prophet's wives are the mothers of the believers, ALLAH Says in the Holy Qur'an:
Prophet'swives are the mothers the believers,                            Qur'an:
" The Prophet is closer to the believers than their ownselves, and his wives are
" The Prophet       closer the believersthan         ownselves,         wives are
their (believers~ mothers (as regards respect and marriage)....... ,,5.
      (believers') mothers (as regards respect     marriage)

                                                            thosewho believethat some
       The majority of the Muslim scholars consider those who believe that some
       The majority      the Muslim scholars   consider
                                                         (unbeliever).     Muslim scholars
human beings are better than the Prophets as Kafir (unbeliever). Muslim scholars
human beings are betterthan the Prophets      as
                                                 (peaaBerlmnim;      in general.
hold respect for the whole family of the Prophet (Pea"" Be Upon Him) in general.
hold respect the whole family the Prophet
             for



t Ash-Sheerazee pp. 13-19.
I               pp.
  Ash-sheerazee l3-19.
2Khomeni, translation, Algar, p. 64 & PSG p. 25.
2 Khomeni,translation,Algar, p 64 PSGp. 25
3Muslim, vol. 2, pp. 517-21 & vol. 4, pp. 1286-7.
3 Muslim, vol. 2,p.  517-21& vol. 4, pp. 1286-7
o Holy
       Qur'an: chapter33 verse33.
4 Holy Qur'an: chapter 33 verse 33.

t
S   Holy qur'an: chaper 33 verse6.
    Holy Qur'an: chapter 33 verse 6.

                                                    16
                                                    l6
        The Prophet rp* BcUpm Hin),in a HADEETH reported by Muslimt1 while
            Prophet (Peaao Be rl' Him), HADEETH reported    Muslim
                                                   Qur'an as source ofguidance, also
commandingMuslims to stick to the Holy Qur'an as a sourceof.guidance,
commanding Muslims                   the                                             also
asked them to be kind to his family. Muslim scholarsalso preserved high status
asked them                     family.             scholars also preserved a high status
        the Companions of the Prophet {Peaao Be Upm Him), the chosen soldiers ofIslam. 2
for all the Companions the Prophet@wBcrlorrim), chosensoldiersof Islam.2
                       of                                 the

      Brothers and Sisters, being Muslims, could we really neglect the other
      Brothers and Sisters, being Muslims, could                    really neglect the other
daughters the Prophet@eeBcrloHin), relativesand their descendants
daughters of the Prophet (peace Be Upon Him), his relatives and
          of                                                          descendants who were   were
                                                             the Prophet<Peace Be Upm Him) to just
excellent muslims? Could we confinethe family of the Prophetrp**B€r&aHim)
excellent muslims? Could           confine the                                                just
        ones as selected by Shee'ah Scholars? Could we really love only a few and
a few onesas selected Shee'ahScholars?                  Could     really love                  and
curse the other tens of thousandsof the early generation Islam?What about
curse the other tens of thousands               the early generation of Islam? What about
                                                                        of
Othman,who was marriedto the two daughters the Prophetrp**B€rD@Hin)had
Othman,        was married the               daughters of the Prophet<Peace Be Upon Him) and had
                                                         of                              and
a son from one of them? What about the descendants Hassan , the eldest
a son from one       them? What about the descendants of Hassan, the eldest
grandson of the Prophet (pcae q* ni-i? Don't you think Ali and his pious
grandson       the Prophet (peace Be Him)?
                                        Be Upm                             Ali and his pious
descendants would be among the fust to condemntheseconcepts the Shee'ah
descendants          be among the first condemn these concepts of the Shee' ah
scholars?
scholars?




 t Muslim, vol. 4,p.
1 Muslim, vol. 4, p.   12879.
                       12879.
2 The Virhres of the Companions,in Al-Bukhari&Muslim.
2 The Virtues of the Companions, in Al-Bukhari&Muslim.


                                                   17
                                                   l7
COMPANIONS oF THE PR.PHET (PBUH)
C'MPANI'NS OF     PROPHET (PBUH)
      The Ja'fari Shee'ah scholars claim that the first and the secondguided
      The Ja'fari Shee'ah scholars claim         the fIrst and the second guided
Ca'lee'phahs, Abu Bakr and Omar plotted againstIslam and tried to eliminatethe
Ca'lee'phahs,            and Omar plotted against Islam and                 eliminate the
HADEETH so that they could interpretthe Holy Qur'an such
            so     they could interpret the                 in such a way as to serve
                                                                               as serve
their purposes. The Shee'ah scholars also claim that the three first guided
their purposes. The Shee'ah scholars also claim                 the three fIrst guided
Ca'lee'phahs 'Broke
Ca'lee'phahs 'Broke their covenantwith the prophet(peaeBetbmHin)changedhis
                          covenant       the prophet (Peace Be Upoo Him) and changed
                                                                         and
SU'N'AH'.I They divide the thousandsof the Prophet'scompanions into three
SU'N'AH,.I They divide the thousands          the Prophet's companions three    into
categories; 2
categories,2

    1. The Companions
    l. The Companions whom the Shee'ah   scholars like, who are lessthan ten.
                        whom the Shee'ah scholars like, who are less than ten.
    2. The worst elements (among these was Abdullah bin Omar who reported
    2. The worst elements (among these was Abdullah            Omar          reported
                true HADEETHs).
       numerous true HADEETHs).
       numerous
    3. Those who sold their Honors (amongthesewere Abu Hurayra,Abu Darda and
    3. Those      sold their Honors (among these were      Hurayra,        Darda and
                                       manytrue HADEETHs).
       Abu Musal-Ashaari. All reported many true HADEETHs).
           Musal-Ashaari. reported
                                        then, after describingthe Prophet(peaeBeL[m
       One of the official newspapers then, after describing the Prophet (Peace Be Upoo
       One     the official newspapers
Him) as having singled out his son-in-law unjustly with special parts of the Islamic
Hin)as having singled out his son-in-lawunjustly             specialparts the Islamic
                        "most the Prophet's     (peaeBeLpruHim)  generation not have
                                                                            did
Message, assures that "most of the Prophet's (Peace Be Upon Him) generation did not have
Message, assures   that
a clear picture even      the religious issues that the prophet (peae up.-ni-;
                                                                           B€
a clear picture even of the religious issues that the prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) hadhad
practiced hundreds of times before their eyes and within reach of their hearing. 3
practicedhundreds times before their eyesand within reach their hearing.s
Specifically, a Shee'ah scholar mentions ''... Abdul Rahman Ibn Ouf, a worshipper
Specifically, a Shee'ah  scholar  mentions ... Abdul Rahman Ouf, a worshipper
                                                                  Ibn
                                                    Khalid Ibn Walid; and SaiedIbn
of money; the aristocrat, Othman; the careless Khalid Ibn Walid; and Saied Ibn
    money; the aristocrat,Othman; the careless
                                4
Vaqas,as a manwithoutpiety'.0
Vaqas, as a man without piety' .

       The Muslim scholarssay that the greatcompanions trustworthy and are
                                                           are
       The Muslim scholars say that the great companions are trustworthy and are
reliable sources - all of them deserve high respect. 5 ALLAH has praIsed the great
reliable sources all them deserve      high respect.s        haspratsed great
                                                                         the
                                                                           6
                            Qur'an saying: "You are the best of peoples" "The
Companions in the Holy Qur'an saying: "You are the best ofpeoples" 6 "The
Companionsin the
              Islam), the Jirst whoforsooktheir homes (Al-Muhaiirin) andof
Vanguard (of Islam), the first who forsook their homes (AI-Muhajirin) and of
 Vanguard
                                                                     good deeds.
those who gave them aid (AI-Ansar) and also who follow them in all good deeds.
those who gave them     (Al-Ansar) and also whofollow them
ALLAH" is pleased with them as they are with Him. For them He prepared
ALI"/IH    pleased       them as they                           them
gardens under which riversflow to dwelt thereinforever".T "Mohammed is the
gardens under which rivers flow to dwell therein forever". 7;; "Mohammed is the

t Al-Askari, 3+s.
             p.
1 Al-Askari, p. 34-8.

t The Ministry of Islamic Guidancein lran, pp. 28-30.
2 The Ministry of Islamic Guidance in Iran, pp. 28-30.

'Al-Jehad,No. 56
3 Al-Jehad, No. 56

4Shariati, p. 207
4  shadati, p. 207
5 Ibn Taymiyah, vot. I p. 307
3 Ibn Tayrniyah, vol. I p. 307

6 Holy qur'an:
6 Holy Qur'an:    clrapter3 versel 0
                  cp.apter 3 verse IIlo
t Holy Qur'an: chapter 9 verse I 00
7 Holy qur'an: chapter9 versel00

                                                          t8
                                                         18
Apostle of      and               with                             and
Apostle of God and those who are with each other. You see them bow ond
prostrate themselves (in prayu) seehing grace from God and (His) good
prostrate themselves     prayer) seeking       from     and       good
                                                                                         1

      In a reliable HADEETH the Prophets** B€ Hin)said: 'The best of my
            reliable              the Prophe1:(peace Be upm
                                                        Upoo Him) said: 'The best of
followers are those             century'.2
followers are thoseliving in my century'.2

                                           doubt that the Prophet (Pe;lce Be Upoo Him) conveyed
      The Muslim scholarshaveno doubt that the ProphetGeaeBcrbcorrim)
      The              scholars have                                                   conveyed
    message without any discriminationor bias for his son-in-lawor any one elseof
his message             any discrimination bias              son-in-law anyone else of
the companions.The great Companions were in general, more knowledgeable
the companions. The great Companions were                   general, more knowledgeable
about the Islamic teachings.Among the non-relatives the prophet@eacBerloHin),
about  the Islamic teachings.               the non-relatives of the prophet (peace Be Upoo Him),
                                                              of
                            were more knowledgeable than Ali or the other relativesof
there were many who were more knowledgeable
there were many                                           than Ali the other relatives of
                                                                      Shee'ah scholars. 3
the Prophet (peaceBeUpooHim), in spite of the HADEETH forged by Shee'ahscholars.3
the Prophet(peaeBerporlm;        spite    the              forged

              those Companions who havebeenslandered the Shee'ahscholars
      Among thoseCompanions           have been slandered by the Shee'ah scholars
are those who have beentold that they were the peopleof paradise.
are those        have been     that they were the people paradise. Among them      them
also are thoseto whom the Prophet(Peace Be Upro Him) said: 'May my mother and father
also are those                                       said:
                        the Prophet 1reaeBerlmniml 'May                mother and father
                                                               is from them and they are
be sacrificed for you' or that the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) is from them and they are
be sacrificed              that the ProphetreaeBerlmrriml
from him.
from him.
                                  there are hundredsaboutwhom the ProphetGwBc
        Among those companions there are hundreds about whom the Prophet (Peace Be
        Among thosecompanions
                'None loves them but a believer and non hatesthem      a hypocrite'.
Upoo Him) said: 'None loves them but a believerand non hates them but a hypocrite'.
u* n-l said:
                                                love are excluded.For thesekinds
Certainly, the blind, biased and exaggerated love are excluded. For these kinds of
Certainly, the blind, biasedand exaggerated
            shouldratherbe identifiedas hatred.If therewere disagreements  amonga
"Love" should rather be identified as hatred. If there were disagreements among a
       Companionsbased on a difference legal opinions(Ijtehad),          should
few Companions based on a difference of legal opinions (Ijtehad), we should not
indulge in judging their personal deeds, for ALLAH condemns such acts; i.e. latter
indulge judging their personal     deeds, ALLAH condemns
                                          for                   suchacts;i.e. latter
       judging the deeds the earlierones.
ones judging the deeds of the earlier ones.
ones
                                                         has passedaway. They
      [n the Holy Qur'an it says: "That was a nation who has passed away. They
      ln the       Qur'an says:         was nation
                                                   you ofwhat you earned, And
shall receive the reward ofwhat they earned, andyou of what
      receive the         of what they earned, and                 earned,
you will not be asked ofwhat they used to do"?4
    will     be askedof what they used to do"?a

       Brothers and sisters,do you believe               who plainly states that He is
       Brothers and sisters, do you believe ALLAH who plainly states that He is
pleased        the Companions the Prophet(peaeBeupmnim) Shee'ahscholars
                                                               or the
pleased with the Companions of the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) or the Shee'ah scholars
who honor just afew Companions curseand accuse
                                       and                     thousands others.
who honor just a few Companions and curse and accuse thousands of others. Be       Be
                              paradiseand not function unintentionallyas an agent
sure to find the right way to paradise and not function unintentionally as an agent
sure to find the right way to
    the enemies'of Islam who are trying to destroy the Holy Qur'an and the
of the enemies· of Islam who are trying to destroy the Holy Qur' an and the
                                                                   'Ifyouseeaperson
HADEETH. Remember that Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal said: 'If you see a person
HADEETH. Remember         that Imam Ahmad binHanbalsaid:
accusing the companions the Prophet(peaeBertomHimr. the right to doubt
                                                           you have
accusing the companions of the Prophet (Peace Be Up= Him). you have the right to doubt
his Islam'
his Islam'


1
 ' Holy Qur'an: chapter 48 verses 18-29.
   Holy Qur'an: chapter48 verses18-29.
'Al-Bukhari, vol. 5, p.2.
2 A1-Bukhari, vol. 5, p.2.

 ' Ibn Taymiyah,Minhaj vol. 3, pp. 116-73.
3 Ibn Taymiyah, Minhaj vol. 3, pp. 116-73.

aHoly Qur'an: chapter 2 verses 134.
4Holy qur'an: chapter2 verses134.

                                             t9
                                             19
      Rahwaih and Imam Malik gave the verdict that whosoever accusesthe
      Rahwaih and           Malik gave                    whosoever accuses
                                      Taymiyah and Razi said: 'Whoever questions
companions shouldbe punished.Ibn Taymiyahand Razi said: 'Whoever questions
companions should be punished.
the good faith of the companions "Zindeeq" and unbeliever'.
the good       of the companions is "Zindeeq" and unbeliever'.
      Ibn Hajar Al-Haithami and Imam Shaifeeare of the opinion, that w?roever
                 Al-Haithami and           Shaifee are of                whoever
hates the companions is an unbeliever. Al-gadi abu Ya'ala concludedthat the
hates the companions       an unbeliever.           abu         concluded that the
                     scholars have made consensus that whoever disgraces and
majority of Muslim scholars have madea consensus whoever disgraces
majority of                                             that                  and
accuses Companionbelieving that the Companiondeserves        disgracingbecomes
accuses a Companion believingthat the Companion deserves disgracing becomesa
Kafer (unbeliever) ifhe does         believe that the companiondesOrves then he
Kafer (unbeliever) but if he doesnot believethat the companion deserves it then he
committed serioussin (a Faseq).l
committed a serious sin (a Faseq).r




I
1 Abu Mu'awiyah Muhammad, pp. 11-13,25 and 62.
  Abu Mu'awiyah Muhammad,pp. I l-13, 25 and 62.

                                                  20
                                                  20
T UQ'YAH (SHIELDING)
Tno,YAH ('HTELDTNG)
        The Ja'afari scholars say that: 'TUe'yAH comprises ninetenths of the
       The Ja'afari scholars say that: 'TUQ'YAH comprises ninetenths of the
 religion of ALLAH and whoever does not use TUe'yAH has no religion.
religion of ALLAH and whoever does not use TUQ'YAH has no religion.
 TUQ'YAH is to be usedin everythingexceptin declaringthe prohibition of wine
TUQ'YAH is to be used in everything except in declaring the prohibition of wine
 and the rubbing of socks in wudu'.r TUe'yAH means pretend doingor
and the rubbing of socks in WUdU,.1 TUQ'YAH means to pretend by doing or
                                                              to       by
 saying exactly the opposite of what you believeor feel, e.g.to pretend be nice
saying exactly the opposite of what you believe or feel, e.g. to pretend to be nice
                                                                          to
 while cursingthe personin the heartwithout a present           2
while cursing the person in the heart without a present danger.
                                                        danger.2
        The specific purpose of TUQ'YAH is the 'preservationof Islamandthe
        The specific purpose of TUQ'YAH is the 'preservation of Islam and the
 Shee'ahschool of thought; if the peoplehad not resorted it, our schoolwould
 Shee'ah school of thought; if the people had not resorted to it, our school would
                                                                to
 have been destroyed'3,   i.e., to the Shee'ahscholars.
have been destroyed,3, i.e., to the Shee'ah scholars, TUQ'YAH could be used
                                                           TUe'yAH couldbe used
 with non-shee'ah, including Muslims, to preserve the shee'ah Faith. The
with non-Shee'ah, including Muslims, to preserve the Shee'ah Faith. The
 prominent Shee'ah   scholarTabatabai
 prominent Shee'ah scholar Tabatabai says that Shee'ah TUQ'YAH is based on the
                                       saysthat Shee'ah   TUQ'YAH is basedon the
 versesfrom the Holy Qur'an that say: "Let not the believers take the disbelievers
 verses  from the Holy Qur'an that say'."Let      the believerstake the disbelievers
 as          (supporters,helpers, etc.)insteadofthebelievers,andwhoeverdoes
 as Auliya (supporters, helpers, etc.) instead ofthe believers, and whoever does
           never be helped by ALLAH
that will never be helped by ALLAH in any way, except you indeedfear a danger
                                         any way, exceptyou                 danger
from them...".4',"vl/hover disbelieved ALLAH after his betief, except
ftom them... ". 4; "Whover disbelieved in ALLAH after his belief, except him who
                                                                               who
           thereto     whose
is forced thereto and whose heart is at rest with Faith... ".5
                                        rest       Faith...,'.5
       The         Qur'an alsoassures that pretending believedifferentlyfrom
       The Holy Qur'an also assures us that pretending to believe differently from
                                          us               to
what is      our hearts iS the distinguished characteristic hypocritesand
what is in our hearts is the distinguished characteristic of hypocrites and it
condemns that. ALLAH says in the Holy eur'an. ,And when they meet those
condemnsthat. ALLAH says in the Holy Qur'an: "And when they meetthose
     believe they say 'We believe'.
who believe they say 'We believe'.But when they are alone with their Shaytan
                                             when they      alone          Shaytan
(devil'polytheist, hyprocrites,etc.), they say: "Truly we arc with you... ,'.6
(devil- polytheist, hyprocrites, etc.), they say: "Trary we are           ".6

      ALLAH also says: "Do yoa (aithfull believers)covet that they will believe
      ALLAH also says:       you (faithfull believers) covet     they will believe
in your religion inspite of thefact that a party of them (Iewish rabbis) used to
   your                  of    fact        party ofthem (Jewish rabbis) used
hear the liltord of ALLAH [the Taurat (Torah)J, then they used to change it
          Word of ALLAH [the              (Torah)},                              it
lrnowingly after they understood it? "And when thq (Jewg meet thoseiho
knowingly             understood      "And when they (Jews)            those who
believe (Muslims) what ALLAH has revealed to you pews, about description
believe (Muslims) what ALLAH                        you [Jews,
and the qualities of Prophet Muhammad|peaceBeLponHi^)
and the qualities ofProphet Muhammad(peace Be Upon Him) thatwhich are writeen in
                                                        that which are writeen in



 '
  1 Al-Kafr, AL-Usool, vol. 2, pp 217-9
    Al-Kati, AL-Usool, vol. 2, pp 217-9.
' Al-Kafi
  2 Al-Kati A.l-frua, vol. 3 pp. 188-9.
             Al-frua, vol. 3 pp. 188-9.
3
    Khomeini p. 144.
  3 Khomeini p. 144.
o
  4 Holy qur'an: chapter3 verse28.
    Holy Qur'an: chapter 3 verse 28.
'Holy qur'an:
                  chapter 16 verse 106.
  5 Holy Qur'an: chapter 16verse106.
t        qur'an: chapterzverse 14.
  6Holy Qur'an: chapter 2 verse 14.
    Holy

                                           21
                                           21
Taurat(Torah), that they (Muslim) nay argue wtth you (Jants)then no
Taurat(Torah),      they (Muslim) nay argue with you (Jews) then
understanding?".!
understanding?".r
       ALLAH also says:"Lo! you are the oneswho lovethembut theyloveyou
                 also says: "Lol        are the ones who love them         they love
not, and you believe in all the Scriptures[te. you believein the Taarat(Torah)
not,            believe     all     Scriptures [i.e.     believe          Taurat(Torah)
and the Injee(Gospel), while they disbelievein your Book, the Qar'anJ.And
     the Injeel(Gospel),           they disbelieve              Book,      Qur'anJ. And
when they meet you, theysay, "We believe".Btttwhen they are alone,they bite
when   they meet         they say, "We believe". But when they           alone, they bite
the tips of their Jingers at you in rage Say: "Perish in your tage. Certainly,
the tips of         fingers                 rage. Say:"Pefish           rage. Certainly,
ALI-/IH knows what is in the breast(alt the secrets)."2
ALLAH knows                                                      Therefore, ALLAH has
                                the breast (all the secrets).,,2 Therefore, ALLAH has
prepared for the hypocrites severe punishment. "They shall be in the lowest
prepared the hypocritesseverepunishment.
          for                                          "They           be     the lowest
depthsof the ftre, no helperswilt you Jind for them".3 SoMuslimscholars
depths of the fire,        helpers will         find for them".3 So Muslim scholars
considerthat pretending opposite whatyou hideis lying,whichis a form of
consider that pretending the opposite of what you hide is lying, which is a form
                            the
                the Prophet (peace Be Him) said: 'The signs a hypocrite are three:
hypocrisy, for the Prophet (peae upmrrim) 'The signsof ahypocrite are three:
hypocrisy,                          Be Upon    said:
whenever he speaks he tells a lie, when ever he promiseshe alwaysbreaksit and
whenever he speaks he tells lie, when ever he promises he always breaks and
he abuses the trust given him ... ' a The basic rule therefore, that pretending one
he abuses trust given to him...' 4 The basicrule therefore,is that pretendingone
           the
thing and hiding another hypocrisy and condemned the Islamic teachings.
thing and hiding another is hypocrisy and is condemned by the Islamic teachings.
The case mentioned chapter verse28 the Qur'an above applicable the
The case mentioned in chapter 3 verse 28 of the Qur'an above is applicable in the
                                                   i.e., a Muslim cannotapply
case of non-believers ONLY under special cases, i.e., a Muslim cannot apply it
case non-believers            under special cases,
                  5
                                               the      Qur'an is applicable
against a Muslim. Chapter 16 verse 106 of the Holy Qur' an is applicable only
againsta Muslim.5 Chapter 16 verse 106                                       only
                       faces a situation similarto the situationofthe great Companion
when a Muslim faces a situation similar to the situation of the great Companion
when a
Ammar when he had to choose between dying under torture like his parents
Ammar when he had              choose between dying under torture             his parents
pretending be unbeliever tongue.Thesecasesare not the basicrule but rather
pretending to be unbeliever by tongue. These cases are not the basic rule but rather
exceptions,let alonethe basis nine-tenths the Islamic religion. Brothersand
exceptions, let alone the basis for nine-tenths of the Islamic religion. Brothers and
sisters, give a thought what would happenif Muslims were to believethat nine-
sisters, give it a thought - what would happen if Muslims were to believe that nine-
                                                        Which is meansthat pretending
tenths of the whole religion lies in TUQ'YAH? Which is means that pretending
tenths         the whole religion lies
             different from our true belief and feelingsis nine times as importantas all
what· is different from our true belief and feelings is nine times as important as all
what
                           Could you ever trust a Muslim if this were the case?Can we
the Islamic teachings? Could you ever trust a Muslim if this were the case? Can we
the Islamic teachings?
really take our guidance and religiousknowledgefrom scholarswho believethat
really take our guidance and religious knowledge from scholars who believe that
deception is nine-tenths his religion?Is right to accepthis non-religiousviews
deception is nine-tenths of his religion? Is it right to accept his non-religious views
as representingthe truth? If a personconsiders lying aboutALLAH, His Prophet
as representing the truth? If a person considers lying about ALLAH, His Prophet
                                                  part of his beliefs order to servehis
(peace Be uPon Him) and the Muslims as essential part ofhis beliefs in order to serve his
(peac rdmHi-l and the Muslims as essential
       Be
                                                        you really want success the
biased goals, can we trust him? Therefore, if you really want success in the
biased goals, can we trust him? Therefore,
                                                       the manyargumentsof Shee'ah
hereafter or in the eternal life, be cautious of the many arguments of Shee'ah
hereafter or in the etemal life, be cautious
                                                     quotationsand references.
scholars which are based on distorted or forged quotations and references.
scholarswhich are baseddn distortedor forged



 I Holy qur'an: chapter2verses75-77
1 Holy Qur'an: chapter 2 verses 75-77

2 Holy
2 Holy Qur'an: chapter 3 verse 119.
       Qur'an: chaper 3 verse I19.
 ' Holy Qur'an: chapter 4 verse 145.
3  Holy Qur'an: chapter4 verse 145.
oAl-Bukhari, vol, 1. p. 31, Muslim vol. 4, p. 1374.
4 Al-Bukhari, vol, l p. 31, Muslim vol. 4,p. 1374.


3'    Ibn Taymiyah,Minhaj., vol l. p. 213 and vol. 3 p.259'260.
     Ibn Taymiyah, Minhaj., vol 1. p. 213 and vol. 3 pp. 259-260.

                                                          22
                                                          22
          Dears         remember that chapter3 verse28 of the Holy Qur'an is not
      Our Dearslet us remember          chapter verse     of     Holy
only an exception, but rathrer a restricted exception.Not only is it forbidden to be
         exception,               restricted exception. Not         it
used againstMuslims but it also prohibitsus to lie upon others.It meansthat if you
used against                also prohibits          upon others. It means     if
oppose certain behaviours and you are in a situation where admission
oppose          behaviours              are      situation where admission   would
endangerIslam or the Muslim community, you may chooseto remain silent but
endanger Islam                    community,             choose remain silent
                      1
    must avoid lying.
you must avoid lying.l




 I Ibn Taymiyah, Minh4i.,
1 Ibn Taymiyah, Minhaj.,    vol. p. 213 and Ibn Katheer, Tafseer.
                            vol. p. 213 and Ibn Katheer, Tafseer.

                                                        23
                                                        23
MnrnAn - TEMP'RARY MARRTAGE
MUT'AH - TEMPORARY MARRIAGE
      The Ja'fari Shee'ah scholars claim that
      The Ja'fari Shee'ah scholars claim that Mut'ah or temporary marriage is
                                                        temporarymarriageis
      forbidden because was practiced during the Prophet'stime.
NOT forbidden because it was practiced during the Prophet's time. Only Omar
                                                                       Omar
forbade it. 1
forbadeit.r

           purpose          is            a physicalneedonly; there is no divorce and
    l)The purpose of Mut'ah is to fulfill a physical need only; there is no divorce and
      the two partners do not inherit each other. 2 The Muslim scholars say that: The
      the     parhrers do     inherit eachother.2   The Muslim scholarssay that: The
             Qur'an had established the legal forms relationshipbetweenmale and
     Holy Qur'an had established the legal forms of relationship between male and
     female and confined into
     female and confined it into two types: the marriage in which the main reason is
                                       types:the marriage which the main reasonis
     multiplication and the otherbeingmutualrelationship possession.
     multiplication and the other being mutual relationship and possession. The Holy
                                                              and           The
              says: $And those                       chastity (Le.
     Qur'an says: "And those who guard their chastity (i.e. private parts, from
     Qur'an                                                              parts,from
                                    from
     illegal sexual acts). Except from their wives or (the captives and the slaves)
     illegal          acts).                     wives (the captives          slaves)
                      hands posses, for then, they are free from blames" 3
                                    -
     that their right hands posses, -for then, they are free from blames" 3
2)These           legal forms Islamic maniage were also confirmed
2) These two legal forms Islamic marriage were also confirmed in the Holy       the
                   (forbidden are) women already married, except those (captives
   Qur'an:"Also (forbidden are) women already married, exceptthose (captives
   Qur'an:'Also
   and slaves) whom you right hands possess.Thus has ALLAH ordainedfor
        slaves) whom                 hands possess. Thus has ALLAH
  you. All others are lawful, provided you seek (them in marriage) with Mahr
         AII               lowful, providedyou seek (them                          Mahr
   (bridal-money given by the husband to his wife at the time ofmarriage) from
   (bridal-money            by                                       of maniage) from
  your property, desiring chastity, not committing illegal sexual intercourse, so
  your                         chastity,                 illegal                       so
   with those of whom you have enjoyed sexual relations, give them their Mahr
         those of               have enjoyed                          them         Mahr
   is prescribed, you agree mutually (to give more), there is no sin on you.
      prescribed,        agree             (to       more),
  Surely, ALLAH is Ever All-Knowing, All-Wise". "And whoever ofyou have
   Surely, ALLAH                                AII-Wise". "Andwhoever ofyou have
                                             free,
   not the means wherewith to wed free, believing women, they may wed
              means                                            women, they
               girk from among those (captives and slaves) whom your right
   believing girls from among those         (captives        slaves)         your right
   possess,
  possess, and ALLAH has full knowledge about your Faith, yoa are on from
                   ALLAH has full ltnowledgeabout                     you           from
   another. Wed them with permission of their own folk (guardins, Auliya or
   another. Wed them                          of              folk (guardins, Auliya
                                                           reasonable; they (the above
   masters) and give their Mahr according to what is reasonable; they (the above
   masters)                  Mahr
  said captive and slave-girls) should be chaste, not adulterous, nor taking boy
        captive                             be chaste,      adulterous,       tahing boy
  friends. And after they have been taken in wedfolk, ifthey commit illegal
  friends.   And         they have been taken          wedfolk,iftheycommitillegal
  sexual intercourse, their panishment is halfthatfor free (unmarried) women.
           intercourse,        punishment half thatforfree                       women.
   This isfor him among you who is afraid ofbeing harmed in his religion or in
   This is for                           afraid of being                  religion
  his body; but it is better for you that you practise self-restraint, and ALLAH is
       body;           betterfor                practise self-restra'nt,     ALLAH
   Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful".4 In which the laws of marriage were detailed.
   Oft-Forgiving,          Merciful".a       which the laws marriagewere detailed.
                                    that the meanins "lstam'tum" is referringto
     The Muslims scholars confirmed that the meaning of "Istam'tum" is referring to
     The Muslimsscholars  confirmed


' Tabatabai, pp. 227-30.
1 Tabatabai, 227-10.
             pp.
2Moosavi, pp. 79-96.
2 Moosavi,pp.79-96.

'Hory qur'an: chapter verses
3 Holy Qur'an: chapter 23: verses 5-7, chapter 70: verses 28-31.
                        23:                    70:
                                  5-7,chapter verses      28-31
o
  Hory qur'an: chapter verses24,25.
4 Holy Qur'an: chapter 4 verses 24,25.


                                                       24
                                                       24
    the enjoymentas part of the dutiesof the legal forms of marriagebetweena man
        enjoyment as      of the duties of   legal forms of marriage between man
    and his wife. This part of the verseis spellingout the right of a wife to a Mahr
    and                       of the verse spelling              of
    (maniage gift). This is clearly demonstratedby a HADEETH using the same
    (marriage                 clearly demonstrated                    using the same
    word "Istamta'ta"in its singleform.l
         "Istamta'ta"       single form. I

           was permitted under severe circumstances during'Jihad" time, but it
3)Mut'ah was permitted under severecircumstances              during "jihad" time,
  was always prohibited immediately after the needfor it vanished.When it was
  was always prohibited immediately after the need               vanished. When was
  permitted for the last time, its prohibitionsafter that was final. The Prophet6r**
  permitted       the last time,    prohibitions after that was final. The Prophet (peace
                      'l have given     permission to contract"temporarymarriage"
  Be upoHim) said : 'I havegiven you permlsslon
             said                                        contract "temporary marriage"
  Be rrim)
     Upon
                                                  'till the day of resurrection'.2 the
                                                                                2
  wrth women, but ALLAH hasforbiddenit 'till the day resurrection' . So the
  with women, but ALLAH has forbidden                                             So
    permissions
    permissions were actually only occasional  exceptions from the originalrule set
                 were actually only occasional exceptions from the original rule set
                                        the prophet (Peace Be Him)who had the
    in the Qur'an and were made by the prophet (peae tto,n
        the Qur' an and were made                           Be Upon Him)    had the
    authority; and the exceptionswere not left openbut were closedby the above
    authonty;  and the exceptions were not left open but were closed     the above
    HADEETH forever. 3
    FIADEETHforever.3

       Later on, Ca'lee'phah Omar came to know that Amru bin Huraithwas
       Later on, Ca'lee'phah Omar came            know that Amru            Huraith was
                                             'Verily ALLAH madepermissible for his
practising Mut' ah and so he announced: 'Verily ALLAH made permissible his
practisingMut'ah and so he announced:                                            for
            (peae Lrp(n whatever likes and as he liked it
                 r3e lrtrn)           he                               the revelation
messenger (Peace Be Upm Hunl whatever he likes and as he liked it. And the revelation of
messenger
                       been completed. complete        Hajj and Umra for ALLAH had
the Holy Qur'an had beencompleted. So complete Hajj and Umra for ALLAH had
the Holy Qur'an had                      So
                                      proper conditions marriage thosewomen
commanded you and confirm by properconditions the marriage of those women
conmanded you and confirm                                the
(with whom you haveperformed        Mut'ah). And any personwho would cometo me
(with whom you have performed Mut'ah). And any person who would come to me
with a marriage fixed duration(Mut'ah), would stonehim to death(which is
with a marriage of fixed duration (Mut'ah), I would stone him to death (which is
                              fomicationby a previously   marriedperson).'a
the penalty for committing fornication by a previously married person). ,4
the penaltyfor committing

                                                       between woman lendingher
                                                                a
         Brothers and sisters, is there any difference between a woman lending her
         Brothers and sisters, is thereany difference
 body for a few minutesas rn prostitution for a few daysor monthsas in Mut'ah,
                                            or
body for a few minutes as In prostitution or for a few days or months as in Mut'ah,
 since both are temporary?Don't you think that the permission Mut'ah today
since both are temporary? Don't you think that the permission of Mut'ah today
 would humiliate our sisters,open the doorsfor playmates finally destroythe
                                                                and
would humiliate our sisters, open the doors for playmates and finally destroy the
 concept family in Islam?Remember Shee'ah   the          scholars high status
 concept of family in Islam? Remember the Shee'ah scholars of high status rarely rarely
         their femalerelatives practice   Mut'ah in orderto avoidhumiliation.In fact
'allow their female relatives to practice Mut'ah in order to avoid humiliation. In fact
allow                         to
 the Mut'ah permitted occasionallybeforeits final prohibitions not requirethe
                                                                    did
the Mut' ah permitted occasionally before its final prohibitions did not require the
 female to be a Muslim or even onefrom the people the book which makes
female to be a Muslim or even one from the people of the book which makes it
                            from marriage.        could a Muslim legalizesuch a type
completely distinguished from marriage. How could a Muslim legalize such a type
 completely distinguished
     illegal relationshipfor Muslims or practice himselfl What is the difference
 of illegal relationship for Muslims or practice it himself? What is the difference
 betweenfomication today and Mut'ah in terms their purposes?            Aren't both to
between fornication today and Mut'ah in terms of their purposes? Aren't both to
satisfy the sexual desires alone?
 satisfo sexualdesires
         the               alone?.




 t Al-Mahmood ll.
1 AI-Mahmood p. 13.
             p.
2 Muslim, vol. 2, p. 707
2 Muslim, vol. 2, p. 707. .

3
 'Asqalani,vol. 9, pp. 164-74.
  Asqaiani, vol. 9. pp. l6zt-74.
 oMuslim, vol. 2, pp. 610-1. .
4 Muslim,vol. 2, pp. 610-  I

                                          25
                                          25
G"ooEERr(HU,M
GHADEER KHU'M
      Tabatabai said: "For shee'ah, the central evidence of Ali's legitimacyas
      Tabatabai said: "For Shee'ah, the central evidence of Ali's legitimacy as
 successorto the prophet(peaeBerloHim) evidenceof GhadeerKhu'm when the
                                              is the
successor to the prophet (peace Be Upoo Him) is the evidence of Ghadeer Khu'm when the
 prophet (peae rlo rrim)
                Be           chose Ali to the "general guardianship". Refening to a
prophet (peace Be Upoo Him) chose Ali to the "general guardianship". Referring to a
booklet devoted to the details of Ghadeer Khu'm, we find the following: 1I
 bookletdevotedto the detailsof Ghadeer           Khu'm, we find the following:
  L More than 100,000  companions     attended Ghadeer
                                                 the
 1. More than 100,000 Companions attended the Ghadeer Khu'm address.
                                                            Khu'm address.
         took place on the 18ft of the Thul Hrjja after the "bidding farewell,'
 2.lt took place on the 18th of the Thul Hijja after the "bidding farewell"
 2. It
    pilgrimage of the Prophete",o Berpm Hnm).
   pilgrimage of the Prophet(peace Be Uprn Him). The reason the Prophet (peace Be Upoo Him)
                                                 The reason the Prophet @eaeBerfmgim)
    made this address at this place was becauseALLAH revealed ths versc at
   made this address at this place was because ALLAH revealed thIs verse at
    Ghadeer Khu'm: "o apostle,deliver what has beenrevealedto you from yout
   Ghadeer Khu'm: "0 apostle, deliver what has been revealed to youfromyoul:
   Lord; ond if you do not do it then you have not delivered His message;and
   Lord,. and if you do not do it then you have not delivered His message,. and
   ALLAH will protect you         the people,'.2
   ALLAH will protect you from the people".2
 3. Therefore, the Proph€tpeaeBeLrpmHiml these announcements:
 3. Therefore, the Prophet(Peace Be Upon Him) made these announcements:
                                              made
    o that he was leaving for Muslims two most precious things: 'one is the
   • that he was leaving for Muslims two most precious things: 'one is the
      book God, one end which is in the hands God and the otheris in your
      book of God; one end of which is in the hands of God and the other is in your
      hands.And the second      valuable     thing is my descendants'.    'God
      hands. And the second valuable thing is my descendants'. 'God has informed
                                                                               has informed
           that both thesethings
      me that both of these things will never separate from each other till they reach
      me                                     neverseparate    from eachother they reach
      me at the Fountain Kausar'.
      me at the Fountain of Kausar' .
   o Taking            hand and raising he said, 'of whomsoever am master
   • Taking Ali's hand and raising it he said, 'of whomsoever I am master
      (mawla), is his masteror mawlatoo'.
      (mawla), Ali is his master or mawla too'.
   . The Prophets""*Be nim)rtom also said: 'O
   • The Prophet(Peace Be Uprn Him) also said: '0 my God, be a friend of his who is a
                                                            God, be a friend his who is a
      friend Ali and treat
      friend of Ali and treathim like a foe he who opposes Ali. Help them who help
                                           a foe he       opposes            them       help
      Ali and abandon themwho go against .
          and abandon   them who go against Ali'. Ali'
   o And he said: 'O my lord, whicheverway Ali turns orient the right in the same
   •        he said: '0      lord, whichever           Ali turns orient the        the same
      direction'.
      direction' .

Now,.let us discoverwhat the Muslim scholars say:3
Now,.let discover            Muslim scholars say:3
 l. According to Shee'ahsources, only a handfulof Companions
 1. According    Shee'ah sources,                             (less that 10
                                        handful of Companions (lessthat l0 at a
   maximum) did not break their covenant with the prophet sp",*Be Upoo r*;.4
    maximum)           break       covenant            Prophet (peace *.4- Him).4
   The 100,000 companionswho heard the addressplotted to depriveAli of his
   The 100,000 companions who heard the address plotted to deprive Ali of his
   right to be the successor the Prophet@eaeBellorlin). is the probability of
    right to be the successor of                                  What
                               dfthe Prophet (peace Be Upon Him). What is the probability of
   this to have happened? For what benefitwould this overwhelmingmEority do
   this to have happened? For what benefit would this overwhelming majority do
   that?If you readthe non-shee'ahsources, you will find no reasonat all.
    that? If you read the non-Shee'ah sources, you will find no reason at all.

'Najafi, pp.
               9-19: Tabatabai, pp. 178-218.
 1 Najafi, pp. 9-19:Tabatabai,  pp. 178-218.
2 Holy qur'an:
 2 Holy Qur'an: Chapter5 verse62.
                  Chapter 5 verse 67.
3 For detailed
 3 For detailedcomments referto Minhaj, in Ibn Taymiyah,vol.4, pp. g,l-7
                comments refer to Minhaj, in Ibn Taymiyah, volA, pp. 84-7.
a Shariatipp. 28-30;
                       N-Askari pp.34-43.
 4 Shariati pp. 28-30;A-estari    pp. 34-43.

                                                      26
                                                      26
                                                                th
                                      place the 186
    2. The Ghadeer Khu'm address took place on the 18 of Thul Hijja month, the
    2.The Ghadeer        address                              Hrjja month, the
     same year as the Prophet'sireaeBe  emuin)"bidding farewell" pilgrimage.       the
     same year as the Prophet's (peaooBeUpooHim) "bidding farewell" pilgrimage. On the
      th
     9 of the same month the Prophet (peaoo Be Upoo Him) received the last verse which
     9ft     the same month the Prophet rpeeBelfmHim)     receivedthe last versewhich
     says: "This day I have perfectedyour religion, completed my favors upon you
     says'."Thisday have perfectedyour religion, completedmyfavors uponyou
                                            religion" l
     and I have chosen Islam to be your religion" 1 How could a verse which asks
     and hqve chosen Islam to be                              could a versewhich asks
      the Prophet qe""* rhmHin) conveythe message                     this concludingverse,
      the Prophet (peaoo Be Upoo Him) to convey the message follow this concluding verse,
                          B€
                                              "bidding farewell" sermon (on the 9th of Thul
      especially after the crowd of the "bidding farewell" sermon(on the 9e Thul
      especially after the crowd          the
      Hrjja) had alreadyattested Prophet(peaeBerlmr{im)conveyedthe message?
      Hijja) had already attested the Prophet (peace BeUpoo Him) and conveyed the message?
                                      the                        and
                         fact, chapter verse67 the Qur'an was revealedbeforethe
      As a matter of fact, chapter 5 verse 67 of the Qur'an was revealed before the
           a matter
      Khaibar expedition, the conquest of Mecca and the "bidding farewell"
      Khaibar expedition, the conquest               Mecca and the                 farewell"
      pilgrimage.
      pilgrimage.
    3. The acclaimed announcement the Prophet (p""o L[tnHim) the
    3. The acclaimed announcement of the Prophet (peaoo Be Upon Him) in the way and
                                                                  Be                    and
                                                                                  Taymiyah
      context that the Shee'ah scholars mentioned was a blatant lie, as Ibn Taymiyah
      context that the Shee'ahscholarsmentionedwas a blatant lie, as
      emphasized:
      emphasized:
    o The authenticated                          'two most preciousthings' (al-Thaqalayn)
    • The authenticated original Hadeeth of 'two most precious things' (al-Thaqalayn)
                           original Hadeeth
             'I am leaving among you two valuable things:: the first one being the book
      says: 'I am leaving amongyou
      says:                                   valuablethings the first one being the book
                       which there is the right guidanceand light, so hold fast the
      of ALLAH in which there is the right guidance and light, so hold fast to the
          ALLAH
                                                He extortedus (Zaid Ibn al-Arqam said)
      book of ALLAH and adhere to it'. He extorted us (Zaid Ibn al-Arqam said) to
      book       ALLAH and adhere to
      hold fast to the book of ALLAH and then said the Prophet (PeaooBeUpooHim): 'The  'The
      hold fast to the book          ALLAH andthen saidthe Prophet       @eaeBertomuim):
      secondare the members my household. remindyou to observe
      second are the members of my household. I remind you to observe ALLAH in   ALLAH tn
                                                            peaeBerlonim) as was previously
      treating them,.2 The household of the Prophet (Peaoo Be Upoo Him) as was previously
      treating them'.2 The household the Prophet
      explained includes all his wives, Ali, Ageel, Ja'far, Abbas and their offsprings.
      explainedincludes all his wives,             Ageel, Ja'far,  Abbasandtheir offsprings.
                                                                family as you stick to the
      Did the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) say stick to my family as you stick to the Holy
                              Be Him)
           the Prophet (peae rh.E         say stick to
      Qur'an? Certainly he did not. He asked muslims to be kind to all his household,
      Qur'an? Certainly he did not. He askedmuslimsto be kind to all his household,
      not just Ali or the 12 Imams of the Shee'ah scholars. If the HADEETH indicates
      not             the 12Imams the Shee'ah           scholars. the HADEETH indicates
      any specialpower or privilege for his household,then we shouldpraisethe
      any special power or privilege for his household, then we should praise the
      Abasid Ca'lee'phahs, the offspring of Abbas. Why then do the Shee'ah scholars
      Abasid Ca'lee'phahs, offspring Abbas.Why then do the Shee'ah
                              the                                                       scholars
      curse them instead?
      cursethem instead?
    o The last part
    • The last part of the claimed HADEETH "is also a lie", Ibn Taymiyah assured,
                          the claimedHADEETH               also alie",Ibn Taymiyahassured,
      whether the Prophet's peaeBerrpcnuim)'of whomsoever am
      whether the Prophet's (Peaco Be Up"" Him) said: 'of whomsoever I am "mawla", Ali is
                                                 said:
      his "mawla" or not". Ibn Taymiyahassured that is definitelyrejected this
      his "mawla" or not". Ibn Taymiyah assured us that it is definitely rejected in this
                                                         us
      context and the majority of HADEETH scientists rejected it completely.
      context and the majority             FIADEETH scientistsrejected completely.
      Assuming that the Prophet (Peaco Be Upon Him) uttered it, what then is special about it?'
      Assumingthat the Prophet(peaeBer!,nHim)       uttered what then is specialabout
      The Holy Qur'an, addressing the Prophet says: "ALLAH is his mawla, so is
      The         Qur'an, addressingthe Prophetsays:" ALLAH                       mawla, so
                               the righteous believers".3 The righteous believers are
      Gabriel and so are the righteous believers".3 The righteous believers are
      Gabriel         so
                                                                           If
     certainly not the master the prophetbut friends and supporters. the Prophet
     certainly not the master of the prophet but friends and supporters. If the Prophet
                                                                          "wali", then
                                   "of whomsoever I am "wali", Ali is his "wali", then it
     (peaoo Be Upon Him) had said: "of whomsoever am
     (peae Ltom had said:
            Bc Him)                                                   his
     would have probablymeantmaster guardian.Furthermore, prophet(pea€B€
     would have probably meant master or guardian. Furthermore, the prophet (Peaoo Be
                                                                      the

' Holy Qur'an: Chapter 5 verse 3.
1 Holy Qur'an: Chapter5 verse3
2 Muslim vol. 4 pp. 1286-7.
2 Muslim vol.   pp. 1286-7.
'Holy Qur'an: 66 verse 4.
3Holy qur'an: 66 verse4.

                                               27
                                               27
      Upm Him) did not say that Ali was to be "mawla" or "wali" after his death. The
      rlm Hin)did not say that Ali was tObe "mawla" or "wali" after his death.The
      argument of       Shee'ah scholars seem to be nonsense, especiallywhen we read
      argument of the Shee'ahscholarsseemto be nonsense,especially when we read
      the authenticated HADEETH indicating the prophet's @eae (bmHim)
      the   authenticated HADEETH indicating the prophet's (peace BeUpon Him)      Be

                           Abu          Omar and Othman as his respective successors
      "suggestions" for Abu Bakr, Omar and Othman as his respectivesuccessors
      "suggestions"
                                 and            chapters on the virtues of-these three).
      (successively). (Bukhari and Muslim, chapterson the virnresof^thesethree).
      (successively).
      The                 scientists consider         statement claimed by Shee'ah scholars
    • The HADEETH scientistsconsiderthis statementclaimed by Shee'ahscholars
    .
      as a lie. Even         glancing           meaning, it does not indicate any special
      as a lie. Even by glancing at its meaning, it does not indicateany special
      advantage to Ali. The Proph€t peaeBeupmrmr prayed for many believers all
      advantage      Ali.        Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) had prayed  many believers all
      sorts of prayers     various occasions.
      sortsofprayers on variousoccasions.
 • Just by glancing at this statement,a Muslim is quick to recognizethat the
 o Just      glancing        this statement,                              recognize that the
   statement is a blatantlie which was forged without evengiving it any thought.
   statement           blatant           was forged            even           it any thought.
   What is this "right" (Haqq) which follows the decisions that Ali
   What      this "right" (Haqq)                            decisions           Ali makes,
                                                                                         makes,
   opinions that he gives, and the whims that cometo his mind? If the lie were to
   opinions that he gives, and the whims that come                 mind? If the          were
         'direct Ali
   say: 'direct Ali to follow the right (Haqq)whereverright is' thenit would seem
                                  the right (Haqq) wherever right then                     seem
   say:
   to be logical.
      be logical.
       Nevertheless, Tabatabai, arguing the necessity of the hereditarysystemof
       Nevertheless,Tabatabai, arguing the necessity              the hereditary system of
                     'the enemies of Islam who did everything
C'laph'ah, said: 'the enemies Islam who did everything possible destroyit
                                                                     possible to destroy
C'laph'ah, said:
thought that since the protector of lslamwastheProphet(peaeBeltomnimlafterhis
thoughtthat since       the protector        Islam was the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him), after his
death, Islam would be left without a guide and leaderand would thus definitely
death, Islam would be left without a guide and leader and                      thus definitely
perish. But in Ghadeer Khu'm, their wishes were brought to naught and the
perish. But        GhadeerKhu'm, their wishes were brought                  naught and the
Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) presented Ali as a guide and leaderof Islam to the people.
Prophet (peae rJp<n presented
               Be Him)                        as a guide and leader Islam the people.
                                                    duty guide and leaderwas
After Ali, this burdensome and necessary duty of guide and leader was left upon
After Ali. this burdensomeand necessary                                                    upon
the shoulder his family'.I Tabatabai,the recent prominent Shee'ah scholar
the shoulder of his family'. 1 Tabatabai, the recent prominent Shee'ah scholar
contradicts himself in the same book. In the first pages, he describes the Imam
 contradictshimself       the same book. In the first pages, describes Imam
                                                                   he          the
including Ali as helpless and being oppressed by the muslim Ca'lee'phahs and in
 including        as helpless and beingoppressed the muslimCa'lee'phahs            and
 this argument says    that ALLAH has chosenthem protect Islam as
this argument says that ALLAH has chosen them to protect Islam as well as guide as guide
and lead the Muslim Ummah. If they could not protect themselves, how could they
 and leadthe Muslim Ummah. they couldnot protectthemselves,               how couldthey
 ever protect Islam and leadthe Mushm Ummah? is this an indirectaccusation
                                                        Or
ever protect Islam and lead the Muslim Ummah? Or is this an mdirect accusation
 that ALLAH did not makethe right choice(may                     forgiveme). Indeed,
that ALLAH did not make the right choice (may ALLAH forgive me). Indeed, the          the
 Shee'ahscholars,to arguetheir bias,did not mind accusing Prophet   the        (peaatseUptn
Shee'ah scholars, to argue their bias, did not mind accusing the Prophet (Peace Be Upon
                 greatsoldierof Islam as being unfair and being disloyal. Even their
Him) and the great soldier of Islam as being unfair and of being disloyal. Even their
 ni-r snd the
 Imams were accused beingcowards the degree
                         of                   to           that they considered
Imams were accused of being cowards to the degree that they considered pretense pretense
 andlying (TUQ'YAH) as nine-tenths the religion.
                                           of
and lying (TUQ'YAH) as nine-tenths of the religion.
                                                       'The Ca'lee'phahs   beforeme did
        A Shee'ah scholarclaimedthatAli said
        A Shee'ah scholar claimed that Ali said:: 'The Ca'lee'phahs before me did
 things which consciouslywent againstthe dictatesof the holy Prophet(pcaettp@   Be Him)
things which consciously went against the dictates of the holy Prophet (Peace Be Up,m Him)
 of ALLAH. They broketheir covenant          with him and changed SU'N'AH'. Now
of ALLAH. They broke their covenant with him and changed his         his
 if force the peopleto give up thosethings and restorethe affairsas they had been
if II force the people to give up those things and restore the affairs as they had been
 in the days of the Prophet(peaaBettomHim), will be scattered
                                                my army                   away from me,
in the days of the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him), my army will be scattered away from me,
 leaving me alone and helpless.... short,if try to makethe peoplefollowthe
leaving me alone and helpless.... In short, if!I try to make the people follow the
                                        In
                            and His Holy Proph€tlpeaeBe   L[mHi-y, wrll leaveme and
                                                                   they
commands of ALLAH and His Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him), they will leave me and
 commandsof ALLAH


I
    tTabatabaip.179.
    Tabatabai p. 179

                                            2
                                            288
 wander away'.I Ali, gleat wanior of Islamand an excellent
wander away'. 1 Ali, aagreat warrior of Islam and an excellent muslim is described
                                                                muslimis described
 here as if he believedthat worldly power was befferthan to teachtrue Islam. He is
here as if he believed that worldly power was better than to teach true Islam. He is
 afraid of becoming alone! Blind bias can causemore than that. lnsteadof praising
afraid of becoming alone! Blind bias can cause more than that. Instead of praising
 the beloved, the extremebias leadsto castingcardinalaccusations
the beloved, the extreme bias leads to casting cardinal accusations unwittingly. As
                                                                     unwittingly. As
 Ibn Taymiyahindeedputsit: 'The worst calamityto hit the Shee'ah
Ibn Taymiyah indeed puts it: 'The worst calamity to hit the Shee'ah Imams was to
                                                                       lmamswas to
 have suchscholarsas their supporters'.
have such scholars as their supporters'.




'Al-askari
 1 Al-askari pp.37-41
             pp. 37-41.

                                       29
                                       29
Co*"LUSIoN
CONCLUSION
        Finally and in brief, becauseof the lack of reasonableevidencesin the Holy
        Finally and in brief, because of the lack of reasonable evidences in the Holy
 Qur'an and the SU'N'AH' of the Prophet (peace BeUpm Him) that supportthe claims of
Qur'an and the SU'N'AH' of the Prophet(p€s@BerDmnim)        that support the claims of
 the Shee'ah scholars,they usuallyresortto the following techniquesto rationalize
the   Shee'ah scholars, they usually resort to the following techniques to rationalize
 their biased versions of Islam as follows:
their biasedversionsof Islam as follows:
l.Claiming that the Holy Qur'an is not completeand is comrpted.This allegation,
 1. Claiming that the Holy Qur'an is not complete and is corrupted. This allegation,
   although deniedor excludedby the Shee'ahscholarsin their public propagation
    although denied or excluded by the Shee'ah scholars in their public propagation
    of Shee'ahism,still eists in their most trustworthy sources.
   of Shee'ahism, still exists in their most trustworthy sources.
Z.lnventrng many "FIADEETHs" or distorting the context or content of the
2. Inventing many "HADEETHs" or distorting the context or content of the
   prophet's HADEETH. This is either usedas a complimentarymeansto falsifu
    prophet's                          either used as complimentary means falsify
   the Holy Qur'an versesor to independentlyargue bias.
             Qur'an verses         independently argue bias.
3.lnventing or adulterating the context or content of the historical eventsand
3. Inventing     adulterating       context     content of  historical events and
   stories to use them in comrpting the meanings of the Holy Qur'an or the
   stories    use them       corrupting the meanings of the                   the
              ofthe Prophet (peace BeUpoo Him).
   SU'N'AH' of the Prophet @eaeBerfmlrim).
   SU'N'AH'
4. Filtering these corruption         the non-Shee'ah scholars'works in order to use
4. Filtering these comrption into the non-Shee'ah       scholars'           order use
   them later in supporting their claims. Theseare cited even if they were refutedor
   them    later supporting       claims. These xe citedevenif they were refuted
   just recorded indiscriminately to include all informationsavailablefor purposes
          recorded indiscriminately     include   informations available       purposes
    of the total record.
       the total record.
         Brothers and sisters, the cornerstone the Shee'ah faith claims that
        Brothers and sisters, the cornerstone of the Shee'ah faith claims that
ALLAH assigned as the successor the Prophetrr**Betb{auin). checkthis   If we
ALLAH assigned Ali as the successor ofthe Prophet(PeaceBeUpmHim). If we check this
                      Ali                 of
claim against the historicalfactswhich confirmsthat
claim against the historical facts which confirms that            not sacrificehimself,
                                                          Ali did not sacrifice himself,
                                                              did
                                         his quality to carry out the commandment
as it was expected of a person of his quality to carry out the commandment of
as was        expected a person
                          definitely be one thesethreepossibilities:l
ALLAH, the result will definitely be one of these three possibilities: 1
ALLAH. the result
                                                    disobeyedALLAH and betrayed the
1. Ali, the pious companion, willingly disobeyed ALLAH and betrayed the
l.Ali, the pious companion,
   prophetlr""o npdrrin) claiming that his judgment and wisdom were betterthan
   prophet(Peace Be Upoo Him) by claiming that his judgment and wisdom were better than
                 B€           by
   ALLAH'S, (may ALLAH forbid).
   ALLAH'S, (may ALLAH forbid).
z.Lli, the great warrior of Islam, unwillingly disobeyed the commandment
2. Ali, the great warrior of Islam, unwillingly disobeyed the commandment of          of
   ALLAH, becausehe was a coward and his fear              of peoplewas greaterthan his
   ALLAH, because he was a coward and his fear of people was greater than his
    fear of ALLAH, the All-Miehty (m"y ALLAH forbid).
   fear of ALLAH, the All-Mighty (may ALLAH forbid).
3.The cornerstone of the Shee'ah faith is false and baselessas well as its
3. The cornerstone of the Shee'ah faith is false and baseless as well as its
   dimensions and their evidences.
   dimensions and their evidences.
      Our dearbrothers,sisters   andfriends,wehaveiustpresented     to
     Our dear brothers, sisters andfriends, we have just presented to
you thefacts to pfove that the Shee'ahare dilfetentfrom Muslims.
you thefacts to prove that the Shee'ah are differentfrom Muslims.



1 tSee Amerebrahim
                 pp. 7-22.
    SeeAmerebrahimPp. 7-22

                                           30
                                          30
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