[Facilitators Note: First of all, we would like to wish you a healthy, happy and fulfilling 2011! Please see below the 4th quarterly edition of INTACT News for 2010, the anti-corruption newsletter from the AP INTACT Network. If you have any comments, feedback or contributions for the next edition of the newsletter please send them to ap- firstname.lastname@example.org.] INTACT NEWS Asia-Pacific Integrity in Action 2010 – Issue 4 Anti-Corruption News | International Anti-Corruption Day| INTACT Network Update | Announcements |Resources | Vacancies | Anti-Corruption around the globe Anti-Corruption News from the Asia-Pacific region Regional News 14th IACC: Workshop reports The International Anti-Corruption Conference, held in Bangkok in November 2010, was a resounding success with over 1,200 participants and close to 50 workshops. The workshop reports from the 14th IACC have now been published on the IACC website. UNDP Asia-Pacific Regional Centre also organized several workshops that may be of particular interest to INTACT readers: - Achieving quality education for all by 2015 – How to curb corruption effectively?; - Improving Integrity in the Health Sector – Stories from the field; - UNCAC Self-Assessment – Going Beyond the Minimum - Climate Change Finance – Ensuring accountability and effectiveness - Preventing Corruption in Relief Recovery and Reconstruction Aid For a complete list of the workshops please visit here. Corruption Perceptions Index 2010 The 2010 Corruption Perceptions Index by Transparency International was released in November 2010. The Index measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption in 178 countries around the world, and is considered the leading global measurement of corruption perceptions. Thirty-four countries in the region were included in this year’s index and a summary of the results for the Asia- Pacific is available here. Global Corruption Barometer 2010 [Contributed with thanks by Iftekhar Zaman, TI Bangladesh] The 2010 Global Corruption Barometer captures the experiences and views of more than 91,500 people in 86 countries and territories, making it the only world-wide public opinion survey on corruption. Although reported bribery for the region is low at 11 percent, there are marked differences across the region with between 3 to 84 per cent of respondents reportedly paying bribes for service provision in the public service. Read more… Open Budget Survey 2010 This survey by the International Budget Partnership measures budget transparency and accountability around the world. Several countries in the region have shown significant improvement over the past 4 years with Afghanistan, India, Mongolia, Sri Lanka and Vietnam all increasing their scores by 10 or more points, while the Republic of Korea, India and Sri Lanka lead the region in terms of budget transparency. An overview of the results for the Asia-Pacific region can be found on page 35 of the report. Read more… Revenue Watch Index 2010 Revenue Watch Institute, in partnership with Transparency International, produced this index to assess and compare information published by governments about revenues, contract terms and other related data in the extractive industries. The index assesses 41 countries including China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Papua New Guinea and Timor-Leste – with Timor-Leste leading the region on transparency in the sector. Read the full report here. Revenue Watch has also produced the fact sheet Asia/Pacific and the oil, gas and mining industries with specific recommendations for improving transparency in natural resource management in the region. Siemens selects initial projects for US$100 million Integrity Initiative In December 2010, Siemens announced the first anti-corruption projects that will receive financing from the US$100 million integrity initiative to promote clean markets. An initial tranche of US$40 million will now be distributed to more than 30 initiatives from over 20 countries including China, India, Indonesia and Viet Nam. Additional projects will be launched in February 2011. Read the projects summaries or the press release here. World Bank video discussion on anti-corruption in East Asia & the Pacific [Contributed with thanks by Rawong Rojvanit, World Bank Regional Governance Hub Bangkok] The World Bank’s Managing Director Sri Mulyani Indrawati recently hosted a video discussion with thirteen World Bank country offices from East Asia and the Pacific on governance and anti- corruption in the region. Participants shared experiences and ideas from governance and anti- corruption initiatives across the region. Read more… ASEAN Corporate Social Responsibility Network launched The ASEAN Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Network was launched at the second International Singapore Compact CSR Summit held on 6 October 2010. Over 300 participants from business, civil society and Government attended. The new Singapore-based network aims to develop public policy, encourage the adoption of international standards on social responsibility and increase awareness of CSR in ASEAN. Read more… Indonesia, Mongolia and Timor-Leste move ahead in the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) In December the number of people living in EITI implementing countries went from 650 million to 900 million when, with Togo, Indonesia became an EITI Candidate country. Over the last quarter Mongolia also became EITI compliant – one of the first 5 countries in the world to do so. Since committing to the EITI in 2005, Mongolia has published payments from its extractive sector in three excellent EITI Reports. Also in December, Timor-Leste released its 2nd EITI report detailing activities in the petroleum sector in 2009. Country News In Afghanistan, anti-corruption fight goes local U.S. anti-corruption efforts in Afghanistan have led to more setbacks than successes so far. Hence, some Afghan and U.S. officials now argue that the United States should focus on a bottom-up approach instead of trying to reform from above. Integrity Watch Afghanistan, a nongovernmental organization, began creating local watchdog groups in 2008. The concept was simple. Village elders were asked to assign trusted residents to act as monitors for development projects, many funded by international donors. The local inspectors model is a rare success story in the fight against corruption. Read more… China’s President Hu Jintao vows stronger fight against corruption President Hu recognized that corruption remains a grave problem in China pledging to resolutely punish corruption with enforceable measures and great determination. In an address to the Communist Party of China’s anti-graft body he also highlighted the need to strengthen ties between the Party and the people and to enable the people to play a more active role in fighting corruption. Read more… Cambodian officials told to declare assets. The Cambodian government has introduced a new asset declaration regime, subsequent to the recent INTACT query from Cambodia on asset declaration forms. More than 100,000 government officials including Prime Minister Hun Sen will be required to declare their personal assets in a bid to fight corruption. Officials must make confidential declarations of property, vehicles, business interests and other assets, to the National Council for Anti-Corruption. Read more… Hong Kong Police raid anti-graft agency In November, Hong Kong police arrested three members of the city's anti-corruption watchdog on suspicion of perverting the course of justice amid a high-profile and unprecedented raid on the Independent Commission Against Corruption's headquarters. Read more… Anti-corruption helpline of CVC flooded with calls An anti-corruption helpline set up by the Central Vigilance Commission at the end of October 2010 got overwhelmed by aggrieved callers in the capital New Delhi. In the initial ten days, the helpline received in average 250-300 calls per day. Anyone can file complaints about bribery or other problems faced in government departments and public institutions and can be directly connected with the Chief Vigilance Officer in the concerned department. Read more… Korea’s Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission releases Integrity Index 2010 The Republic of Korea’s Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission surveyed 226,855 people in Korea to develop the Integrity Index of the Korean public sector for 2010. The index combines internal and external perceptions of integrity across 711 public service organisations. More information is available under News and Publications on the ACRC website UNCAC Self-Assessments in Lao PDR and Viet Nam In December 2010, the governments of Viet Nam and Lao PDR began the process of assessing their implementation of the UN Convention against Corruption. Both countries will be reviewed under the UNCAC Mechanism for the Review of Implementation in 2011-2012. In the run-up to this review, they have both decided to commence with an open, transparent and participatory UNCAC Self- Assessment process. Read more… The results of the Mongolian Corruption Index 2009 [Contributed with thanks by Batzorg Badam, Independent Authority Against Corruption Mongolia]. The Independent Authority against Corruption in Mongolia has released a summary of the Results of the Mongolian Corruption Index 2009. The report is comprehensive with qualitative and quantitative indicators which define the extent, form, and causes of corruption and demonstrates spatial and periodical changes of this phenomenon. The report can be accessed here. World Bank launches social accountability initiative in Nepal Launched in November 2010, the Programme for Accountability in Nepal (PRAN) will support social accountability activities in three key areas: public financial management, municipal governance, and public service delivery. Read more… Pakistan anti-graft body chief’s appointment challenged The appointment of a new chairman of Pakistan's anti-graft body, National Accountability Bureau (NAB), was challenged in the Lahore High Court after opposition leaders objected to the choice of candidate for his allegiance with the ruling Pakistan Peoples Party. Read more… South Australia proposes new corruption watchdog The South Australian government has recently issued a discussion paper to review the State’s Public Integrity institutions. The paper includes suggestion to develop a Public Integrity Office for civil service oversight, a Police Ombudsman for improved Police oversight and also changes to the Whistleblowers Protection Act. Read more… Vanuatu Parliament ratifies the UNCAC [Contributed with thanks by Charmaine Rodrigues, UNDP Pacific Centre] Vanuatu is the latest country in the region to internationally declare its commitment to the fight against corruption. The Vanuatu Parliament ratified UNCAC in November 2010, affirming its dedication to tackling corruption and promoting accountability and transparency. Read more… Marking International Anti-Corruption Day, 9 December 2010 [In addition to the previous information circulated on the INTACT Network please find below the latest updates on celebrations for International Anti-Corruption Day 2010.] Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Timor Leste celebrate International Anti-Corruption Day UNDP offices in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Timor-Leste all took part in celebrations to mark International Anti-Corruption Day. In Bangladesh a Parliamentary Style Debate was organised with 300 debaters, in Sri Lanka a national cartoon competition attracted over 200 entries and street drama performances were attended by around 2,500 people, while in Timor awareness raising seminars were held with the newly established Anti-Corruption Commission. Read more… Brunei raises awareness on corruption with a Walkathon In Brunei, the Anti-Corruption Bureau organised an International Anti-Corruption Day roadshow and forum in Tutong. Over 400 participants from Government and the private sector participated in a walkathon as part of the roadshow under the theme 'Clean Lifestyle, Walk Away From Corruption'. Read more... Lao PDR celebrates International Anti-Corruption Day [Contributed with thanks by the Alounmixay Keoboualapha, International law Project] The Government of Lao PDR held an official ceremony to celebrate International Anti-Corruption Day. According to the Government, 500 people attended the ceremony including Mr Thongsy Ouanlasy, Vice-President Government Inspection Authority, Mr Hien Phommachanh, Vice-President Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ms Sonam Yangchen, UN Resident Coordinator and Mr Leik Boonwaat, UNODC Resident Representative. Read more… TI-Malaysia Anti Corruption Day Commemoration Seminar [Contributed with thanks by Ngooi Chiu-Ing, Transparency International Malaysia] TI Malaysia hosted a seminar to mark International Anti-Corruption Day. The seminar included speakers from across the region who discussed experiences combating corruption, the role of the private sector and the effectiveness of different enforcement mechanisms. Read more... ‘International Corruption Hunters Alliance’ meets at World Bank to accelerate global enforcement action [Contributed with thanks by Ms Rawong Rojvanit, World Bank Office Bangkok] On 7 December 2010, the International Corruption Hunters Alliance, a network of more than 200 anti-corruption officials from 134 countries, met for the first time at the World Bank Group’s headquarters to discuss how to advance the investigation and prosecution of corrupt actors, including those who defraud World Bank projects. Read more… INTACT Network Update Launched on 13 November 2009, AP-INTACT Network celebrated its first anniversary in the past quarter. In its initial year of activities, the network facilitated two successful E-discussions, one on anti-corruption agencies, and another on integrity in sectors, three topical queries with consolidated replies from Cambodia, Bhutan and Mongolia, four quarterly newsletters and over one dozen INFO messages. Meanwhile, the network membership has grown steadily from 60 members initially to nearly 300 today. As AP-INTACT Facilitators, we would like to thank you all for your engagement and active contributions in this initial year. Without your support, the network would not be able to function and serve its purpose. We hope you will continue to value, contribute and support AP- INTACT Network in 2011 and look forward to another exciting and stimulating knowledge sharing year ahead! Best wishes, Samuel, Rob & Alaine - AP-INTACT Facilitation Team, UNDP Asia-Pacific Regional Centre Announcements Senior Executive Certificate in Institutional Integrity Management [Contributed with thanks by Stephen Ngai, HKU Space] HKU SPACE will offer the “2nd Senior Executive Certificate in Institutional Integrity Management” programme from 6 April -15 April 2011 in Hong Kong. This programme is now inviting applications. Apply or find out more here. Resources Analysing Corruption in the Forestry Sector [Contributed with thanks by Stephanie Chow, Transparency International Berlin] Transparency International’s Forest Governance Integrity Programme has released a manual for the analysis and monitoring of corruption in the forestry sector. The manual assists users to develop their own monitoring tool for measuring corruption, accountability and transparency in forest law enforcement, governance, trade and sustainable management. The manual is available here. Access to environmental information in China: evaluation of local compliance [Contributed with thanks by Amy Sim, Article 19] To support the implementation of China’s recent access to information legislation, ARTICLE 19 and the Center for Legal Assistance to Pollution Victims began a project which evaluates people’s access to environmental information from local environmental protection bureaus in seven cities across China. Read more… I paid a bribe: Bribe Reports [Contributed with thanks by Awanti Bele, Janaagraha Centre for Citizenship and Democracy] The website IpaidABribe.com featured in the previous edition of INTACT News has been very successful with over 80,000 visits from 150 countries. Using the information attained through the site the Janaagraha Centre for Citizenship and Democracy, has published its first report analyzing the patterns of bribery. Read more... A great and revolutionary law? The first four years of India’s Right to Information Act [Contributed with thanks by Charmaine Rodrigues, UNDP Pacific Centre] This academic paper examines the success and challenges of India’s Freedom of Information legislation. India's Right to Information (RTI) Act, adopted in 2005, is among dozens of national laws recently adopted that are modeled on the United States' Freedom of Information Act. Indian citizens have filed more than two million requests for information under the RTI Act in its first two and a half years. Read more... Baseline assessment on access to information in East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia [Contributed with thanks by Amy Sim, Article 19] The Government of Nusa Tenggara Timor, in collaboration with Article 19 and other local organisations, conducted an assessment of the current status of public access to information in Nusa Tenggara Timor province and whether local government agencies are ready and able to fulfill their responsibilities under the Freedom of Information Act. Read more… Political and social foundations for reform: Strategies for the Philippines This paper assesses the political and social requirements for Philippines to fulfill its anti-corruption reform agenda. It proposes a series of anti-corruption steps intended to build political support on the basis of demonstrated success and improvements to citizens’ quality of life. The proposed changes aim to replicate the deep democratization that historically helped check serious corruption in a variety of other nations. Read more… Taiwan's Anti-Corruption Strategy: Suggestions for reform [Contributed with thanks by Jon Quah] Published as part of the University of Maryland’s series in Contemporary Asian Studies, Jon Quah evaluates the effectiveness of Taiwan’s anti-corruption strategy and makes recommendations for its reform. The full text can be purchased here. Staying on Track: Tackling Corruption Risks in Climate Change This UNDP report maps out major corruption risks in two components of the climate change response: adaptation and reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries (REDD+). The report highlights the major vulnerabilities and recommends specific actions to minimize these risks, including the need to avoid fragmentation of funding. Read more... Good Governance for Medicines: Progress Report 2010 [Contributed with thanks by Guitelle Baghdadi-Sabeti, WHO Geneva] Launched in late 2004, the Good Governance for Medicines programme raises awareness of abuse in the public pharmaceutical sector and promotes good governance. Its ultimate aim is to ensure that pharmaceutical spending is not misappropriated and essential medicines reach people - not the black market. More information is available in this compilation of case studies and the recent progress report. Aid Transparency Assessment The Aid Transparency Assessment is the first assessment by Publish What You Fund of donor behavior on aid transparency. The report looks at the transparency of 30 major donors across seven indicators from eight data sources and promotes an international standard for collecting and reporting information on aid flows. Read more… Who Accepts Bribery? Evidence from a Global Household Survey This discussion paper from the University of Passau analyses responses from households in 66 countries to address differences in the extent to which bribes and gifts are considered acceptable. Levels of acceptance differ substantially from one country to another, but they do not necessarily conform to popular expectations. Read more… Integrating Human Rights in the Anti-Corruption Agenda The International Council on Human Rights Policy (ICHRP) recently launched the report Integrating Human Rights in the Anti-Corruption Agenda: Challenges, Possibilities and Opportunities, published in partnership with Transparency International. The report examines how the use of a human rights framework can enhance anti-corruption strategies and discusses how human rights principles can be operationalised in anti-corruption work. Read more… Programmatic Approaches to address corruption in the construction sector This U4 helpdesk response discusses how to address corruption within the construction sector. The response recommends the implementation of codes of conduct, inclusion of contractual provisions that specifically guard against corruption, disclosure of contractual information, raising awareness of corruption issues among all stakeholders and ensuring compliance and effective reporting mechanisms. Read more… Building Integrity and Reducing Corruption in Defense This paper is an introduction to the concepts and tools which can ensure good practices in defense management and policy through ‘integrity building’. Designed primarily for defense personnel, civil society will also find materials on integrity building and anti-corruption measures which are relevant to their own security governance activities. Read more… Deterrence and constrained enforcement: alternative regimes to deal with bribery This study uses transaction cost analysis to produce general recommendations on how to deter bribery. Among the possible approaches suggested in the paper, governments may deter bribery by high penalties and risks of detection, potentially supported by leniency given to those who report their infraction. Read more… Whither Corruption? A Quantitative Survey of the Literature on Corruption and Growth This paper examines whether corruption facilitates or hinders economic growth. The paper compares 460 estimated effects of corruption on economic growth from 41 different studies. Read more… Vacancies International Advisor - Towards Transparency Vietnam (Transparency International), closing date 14 January 2011 NIS Project Coordinator & NIS Project Assistant – Transparency International Netherlands, closing date 14 January 2011 Key Expert to support effective implementation of National Anti-Corruption Strategy in Turkey, UNDP Turkey, closing date 18 January 2011 Anti-Corruption Advisor – Adam Smith International, Afghanistan, closing date 22 January 2011 Terms of Reference for Poverty and Corruption in Africa – Transparency International, closing date 23 January 2011 Publications Associate – Revenue Watch New York, closing date 28 January 2011 Anti-corruption around the globe 1st Global Conference on Transparency Research The First Global Conference on Transparency Research will be held at Rutgers University on 19 to 20 May 2011. The meeting will bring together scholars from across the world to collectively advance understanding of the impact and implications of government transparency policies. Three organisations — Canada’s International Development Research Centre, the World Bank Institute, and the Open Society Institute — will be providing support to some participants from developing countries to attend the meeting. Read more… EITI Global Conference Registration Open The 5th EITI Global Conference, entitled Transparency Counts, will take place in Paris on 2-3 March 2011. Leaders from governments, companies and civil society organisations will meet to take stock of EITI, to share experiences as to how EITI has led to some improvements in countries and to shape the future of EITI. Speakers include Huguette Labelle, Chair of Transparency International; Nouri Al- Maliki, Prime Minister of Iraq; Jose Ramos-Horta, President of Timor Leste; and Simon Taylor the Director of Global Witness. Register for this event or find out more here. 50 CSOs urge European leaders to keep transparency promise Publish What You Fund and 49 other civil society organisations, agencies and networks, recently urged EU development leaders to fulfill commitments made at the Accra High Level Forum, and to define a common European position on mutual accountability and transparency. The letters were sent to the European Commissioner for International Cooperation, the European Commissioner for Development, and the, High Representative of Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. Read more… Five Billion Now Have Right to Information A statement to mark Right to Know Day on 28 September by Article 19 includes a brief summary of the current global situation in relation to the right to information and activities around the world to celebrate Right to Know Day, including in Bangladesh. Read more... Newsletters from UNODC Nigeria for October and November 2010 [Contributed with thanks by Sa'adetu .U. Yahaya] This monthly newsletter details events and upcoming activities related to UNODC’s anti-corruption and other work in Nigeria and around the region. The October issue includes a segment on Nigeria’s preparations their UNCAC Review and the November issue reports on cooperation between Nigeria and South Africa to foster greater understanding of participatory public budgeting. Greed is global: A world of corruption revealed by WikiLeaks This article summarises the reports of corruption and official misappropriation recently published in the WikiLeaks cables. It provides an insight into the various manifestations of grand corruption across the globe and how it is viewed within the international diplomatic community. Read more… The Economics of Corruption 2010: Lecture and Workshop in Good Governance and Reform The Economics of Corruption lecture and workshop 2010 was held at the University of Passau in October 2010. The lecture and workshop was designed to bridge the gap between anti-corruption theory and practice. Presentations addressed a broad cross-section of anti-corruption themes and topics including anti-corruption agencies, the private sector, international conventions and more. PowerPoint presentations are available at the University website. Read more… Compiled by Alaine McLisky and edited by Robert Onus and Samuel De Jaegere (UNDP Asia Pacific Regional Centre) with thanks to the following people for their input and assistance: Amy Sim, Batzorg Badam, Guitelle Baghdadi-Sabeti, Awanti Bele, Stephanie Chow, Alounmixay Keoboualapha, Stephen Ngai, Ngooi Chiu-Ing, Ramaswamy Sudarshan, Charmaine Rodrigues, Rawong Rojvanit, Sa’adetu U. Yahaya, Jon Quah, and Iftekhar Zaman If you would like to subscribe or unsubscribe from the AP INTACT Network please email ap- email@example.com with your request.