Know Chickenpox (Chicken Pox or Varicella Zoster) Information

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Know Chickenpox (Chicken Pox or Varicella Zoster) Information Powered By Docstoc
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        <p>Varicella or more commonly known as chickenpox is a viral
disease that is caused by a primary infection with the Varicella Zoster
Virus. The degree of its ability to infect people depends on the stage of
the disease process.</p>
<p>Normally the illness is highly contagious during the time the
vesicular rashes are at its crusting stage. An infection with the
Varicella Zoster Virus usually ends with the convalescence of the disease
and the infected person's lifelong immunity against the virus. Though it
is said that there is lifelong immunity, there are certain cases wherein
the virus is reactivated which causes a late complication called
shingles.</p>
<p>The modes of transmission of the disease are through coughs, sneezes,
or most commonly the direct contact of the vesicular rashes from the skin
of the infected person to another. Transmission is also aided when the
person contracting the disease is mmunocompromised. Before the disease is
in full bloom there are a number of signs that may warn a person of the
impending illness. These symptoms are loss of appetite, muscle aches,
nausea, fever, headaches, sore throats, pain in both ears, the feeling of
pressure in the head, and body weakness.</p>
<p>These symptoms are more common in adolescents and adults. Children,
however, present the disease differently with the first sign being the
development of a maculo - papular rash followed by high-grade fever, loss
of appetite, and body weakness. Diagnosing Varicella usually comes from
the early signs coupled with the evident and characteristic rash that the
disease produces though tests on the fluid inside the vesicle or blood
tests may also be performed to confirm the diagnosis. Since chickenpox is
caused by a virus, the disease is normally self - limiting. This means
that the disease resolves by itself. Usually the treatment of chickenpox
is aimed mainly at the symptoms of the disease.</p>
<p>Treatment may also be aided by potent antiviral drugs like Acyclovir.
Though administration of the drug is not advised for younger patients,
adults however are treated with the medication to prevent serious
complications because the disease tends to be more severe. Remedies
usually include bed rest and proper hydration and nutrition. Patients are
advised to cut the nails short as to prevent scratching. Analgesics,
antipyretics, and antihistamines are usually administered which depends
on the signs and symptoms that have appeared during the disease process.
Daily cleansing of the skin with warm water may prevent secondary
infection brought about by the inability of the skin to protect the
patient from other diseases. Since the virus is sensitive to
disinfectants and other mediums, it is easy to rid of the disease. This
also helps soothe the pruritus or itchiness brought about by the disease
process.</p>
<p>Â Though there are a number of home remedies that are being offered on
the Internet, the efficacy of these ways are only proven by those who
have tried them. The best intervention is always prevention. Therefore, a
child is safer when he or she receives an initial dose of the vaccine and
a booster shot later on during primary schooling.</p>        <!--
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