Prefix acrophobia

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Prefix acrophobia Powered By Docstoc
					Name: ___________________________________                                                         Period: _______


                GREEK AND LATIN PREFIXES, ROOT WORDS, AND SUFFIXES

OVERVIEW AND RATIONALE:
Words are the tools with which you think, communicate, and learn. The more words you know, the more knowledge you can
absorb – not just about English, but about everything that is important to you. It is an indisputable fact that your chances for
success increase with the size and applications of your vocabulary.

However, building a larger vocabulary doesn't necessarily require you to spend hours memorizing specific words and definitions.
You can improve your linguistic knowledge by becoming more word-conscious and developing an understanding of words
meanings and origins. The English language has its roots in several languages, including Greek, Latin, and older forms of English,
German, and French. Accordingly, one of the most efficient ways to grow your vocabulary is through the study of word parts.

Learning to recognize common roots and affixes (prefixes and suffixes) will help you build your vocabulary and improve your
ability to make educated guesses about unknown words you encounter in reading and test-taking situations. The word parts in
this packet have contributed to thousands of words that have become integrated into English Vocabulary. Studying these Latin
and Greek elements will enhance your ability to comprehend course readings and learn new terminology.

As we continue our study of various academic vocabulary words, we will begin studying the Greek and Latin prefixes, root words,
and suffixes in this packet. Beginning with the 5th six-weeks, you will be accountable for five word parts at the beginning of
each class period. Each assessment, or “mini-quiz,” will ask you to:
     Provide the meaning of a word part
     Give an example of a word that has a specific word part in it

Look at the chart below to see an example of a ten-question mini-quiz over prefixes 1-5. In the following sample quiz, each “open”
square is worth 10 points. As the student, you are responsible for filling in the appropriate meaning for each prefix as well as for
providing an example of a word that uses each prefix within it correctly. After each third mini-quiz, your individual grades will
be added together for one quiz grade.


                                               MINI-QUIZ #1: PREFIXES 1-5

                                          Grade:       ________ / 10 = ________ %
         Prefix                       Prefix Meaning                                             Example
     1. a, an                             without, not                                             amoral
     2. ab, abs,
                                      apart, away from                                           abnormal
        a
     3. ad                                   toward                                                adhere
     4. amphi,
                                       round, both sides                                      amphitheater
        ambi
     5. ante                                 before                                             antebellum




                                                                 -1-
                                  PREFIXES #1-30
          Prefix      Meaning                                    Examples
1. a, an             without, not             asexual, amoral, anarchy, Anabaptist, anachronism
2. ab, abs, a      apart, away from                           abnormal, abduct
3. ad                  toward                                  adhere, adductor
4. amphi, ambi     round, both sides              amphitheater, amphibian, ambidextrous,
5. ante                 before                    antedate, anteroom, antecedent, anterior
6. anthro                man                          anthropology, anthropomorphic
7. anti                against                        antipathy, antitank, anticlimax
8. aqua                 water                               aquarium, aqueous
9. archaios            ancient                        archeology, archetype, archaic,
10. audio                hear                        audiophile, audiometer, auditory
11. auto                 self                       automatic, automaton, auto-immune
12. bi                   two                    bi-partisan, bisexual, biennial, binary, bivalve
13. bene            well, favorable               benefit, benevolent, benefactor, beneficent
14. bible               book                            bibliography, Bible, bibliophile
15. bio                   life                          biology, biography, bio-active
16. cide                 kill                     homicide, parricide, germicidal, ecocide
17. circum             around                 circumference, circumlocution, circumnavigate
18. constitutus         stand                               constitution, statute
19. corpus              body                            corpse, corporal punishment
20. cracy                rule                        democracy, theocrat, technocracy
21. credo               belief                                 credit, credibility
22. demos               people                            democracy, demographic
23. di               two, double                      dimorphism, dicotyledon, diatomic
24. dia             across, through                 diagonal, dialectic, dialogue, diagnosis
25. dis               not, apart                  disperse, disinherit, disenfranchise, distend
26. dominus              lord                               dominant, dominion
27. ego                 I, self                         ego, egomaniac, egocentric,
28. epi              upon, over               epidermis, epidemic, epigram, epitaph, epithet
29. ex                   out                      exotic, exterior, extraneous, exoskeleton
30. frater             brother                   fraternize, fraternity, fraternal, fratricide




                                        -2-
                              PREFIXES #31-60
         Prefix    Meaning                                   Examples
31. geo              earth                   geology, geography, geocentric, geomancy
32. graph         write, record                    graphic, graphite, graphology
33. hetero        mixed, unlike               heterogeneous, heterosexual, heterodox
34. homo           same, alike               homogeneous, homogenized, homeostasis
35. ideo              idea                            ideology, ideation, ideal
36. in                 in                 incarcerate, incorporate, inculcate, induction
37. in, im            not                  incredible, inglorious, inhospitable, immoral
38. inter           between                 interact, interstellar, interpret, interstitial
39. legis             law                                 legal, legislature
40. liber          free, book                         liberty, library, liberal
41. locus            place                          locality, local, circumlocution
42. macro             large                 macroeconomics, macroscopic, macrophage
43. mania           obsession                              maniac, manic
44. meter           measure                     metronome, speedometer, odometer
45. micro             small                microscope, micron, micrometer, microorganism
46. mono           one, single            monopoly, monogamy, monomania, monarchy
47. mortis           death                   mortician, mortuary, moribund, morbid
48. pater            father                       paternal, paternity, patricide
49. ped               foot                   pedestrian, pedal, pedicure, podiatrist
50. peri            around                peripatetic, periscope, perineum, peritoneum
51. philo             love                            philosophy, philanthropy
52. polis             city                             political, metropolitan
53. poly             many                         polygamy, polyphonic, hoi polloi
54. porto             carry                                 porter, export
55. post              after                         post script (p.s.), postmortem
56. pre              before                   premier, preview, premium, prescient
57. psyche         mind, soul                         psychology, psychiatrist
58. publicus        people                        public, republic, pub, publican
59. scope           examine                           microscope, oscilloscope
60. scribo           write                            transcribe, scribe, script




                                    -3-
                                     ROOT WORDS #1-30
          Root               Meaning                                         Examples
1. ali, allo, alter             other                    alias, alibi, alien, alloy, alter, alter ego, altruism
2. am, amor                  love, liking                         amiable, amorous, enamoured
3. anni, annu, enni              year                            anniversary, annually, centennial
4. arch                    chief, first, rule          archangel, architect, archaic, monarchy, matriarchy
5. aster, astr                   star                     aster, asterisk, asteroid, astronomy, astronaut
6. belli                         war                      rebellion, belligerent, casus belli, bellicose
7. brev                         short                                    abbreviate, brief
8. calor                        heat                               calorie, caloric, calorimeter
9. carn                         flesh                    carnivorous, incarnate, reincarnation, carnal
10. ced, ceed, cede       move, yield, go             procedure, proceed, cede, concede, recede, precede
11. chron                        time                         chronology, chronometer, synchronize
12. civ                         citizen                            civic, civil, civilian, civilization
13. clam, claim                cry out                  exclamation, clamor, proclamation, reclamation
14. clud, clus, claus            shut                  include, conclude, recluse, claustrophobia, occlusion
15. cognoac, gnosi              know                       recognize, prognosis, cognoscenti, incognito
16. cosm                  universe, world               cosmos, microcosm, cosmopolitan, cosmonaut
17. crea                       create                            creature, recreation, creation
18. cycl, cyclo           wheel, circular                       unicycle, bicycle, cyclone, cyclic
19. deca                         ten                            decade, decathlon, decahedron
20. dent, dont                  tooth                     dental, denture, orthodontist, periodontal
21. derm                         skin                   hypodermic, dermatology, epidermis, taxidermy
22. dict                     say, speak                    dictionary, dictate, dictator, predict, verdict
23. doc                         teach                  doctrine, indoctrinate, document, dogma, dogmatic
24. dorm                        sleep                                   dormant, dormitory
25. dura                    hard, lasting                            durable, duration, endure
26. equi                        equal                           equinox, equilibrium, equipoise
27. erg                         work                      energy, erg, allergy, ergometer, ergograph,
                                                                             ergophobia
28. fin                 end, ended, finished            final, finite, finish, confine, fine, refine, define,
                                                                                finale
29. fort, forc                 strong                         fort, fortress, fortify, forte, fortitude
30. fract, frag                break                     fracture, infraction, fragile, fraction, refract




                                                -4-
                                 ROOT WORDS #31-60
          Root             Meaning                                        Examples
31. gen                birth, race, produce           genesis, genetics, eugenics, genealogy, generate
32. grat                     pleasing                     congratulate, gratuity, grateful, ingrate
33. ignis                      fire                                 ignite, igneous, ignition
34. liter                     letters                 literary, literature, literal, alliteration, obliterate
35. log, logo, ology   word, study, speech                       catalog, prologue, dialogue
36. magn                      great                  magnify, magnificent, magnanimous, magnate
                                                                       magnum
37. mar, mari, mer          sea, pool                    marine, marsh, maritime, mermaid
38. matri                    mother                   matrimony, maternal, matriarchate, matron
39. mem                    remember                    memo, commemoration, memento, memoir
40. migra                    wander                           migrate, emigrant, immigrate
41. mob, mot, mov             move                                mobile, motionless, motor
42. nox, noc                  night                            nocturnal, equinox, noctilucent
43. omni                    all, every               omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent, omnivorous
44. onym                      name                      anonymous, pseudonym, antonym, synonym
45. ortho                straight, correct             orthodox, orthodontist, orthopedic, unorthodox
46. pac                       peace                            pacifist, pacify, pacific ocean
47. pan                         all                 Pan-American, Pangaea, panacea, pandemonium
48. path, pathy        feeling, suffering           pathos, sympathy, antipathy, apathy, telepathy
49. phobia, phobos             fear                 phobia, claustrophobia, acrophobia, homophobia
50. phon                      sound                  phonograph, phonetic, symphony, homophone
51. soph                       wise                        Sophomore, philosophy, sophisticated
52. the, theo              God, a god                   monotheism, polytheism, atheism, theology
53. therm                     heat                      thermometer, thermal, thermos thermostat,
                                                                       hypothermia
54. tox                       poison                           toxic, intoxicate, antitoxin
55. tract, tra             draw, pull                   tractor, attract, subtract, tractable, abstract
56. ultima                     last                                 ultimate, ultimatum
57. vac                      empty                    vacate, vacuum, evacuate, vacation, vacant,
                                                                          vacuous
58. ver, veri                  true                  very, aver, verdict, verity, verify, verisimilitude
59. viv, vita, vivi         alive, life         revive, survive, vivid, vivacious, vitality, vivisection
60. zo                       animal                                  zoo, zoology, zodiac




                                              -5-
                                            SUFFIXES #1-30
          Suffix              Meaning                                          Example
1. able, ible               able, capable                          capable, agreeable, edible, visible
2. ade                     result of action                                     blockade
3. age                 act of, state of, result of                    storage, wreckage, damage
4. al                         relating to                              gradual, manual, natural
5. algia                         pain                                neuralgia, nostalgia, myalgia
6. an, ian              native of, relating to                            African, riparian,
7. ance, ancy           action, process, state                     assistance, allowance, defiance
8. ary, ery, ory    relating to, quality, place                      aviary, bravery, dormitory
                               where
9. cian             possessing a specific skill or                       magician, physician,
                                art
10. cy                   action, function                          hesitancy, prophecy, normalcy
11. cule, ling                very small                    molecule, ridicule, animalcule, duckling, sapling
12. dom                     quality, realm                            freedom, kingdom, wisdom
13. ee               one who receives the action                        refugee, nominee, lessee
14. en                    made of, to make                               silken, frozen, wooden
15. ence, ency         action, state of, quality                difference, confidence, urgency, agency
16. er, or              one who, that which                            baker, miller, professor
17. escent                in the process of                     adolescent, senescence, putrescence
18. ese             a native of, the language of                          Japanese, Chinese
19. esis, osis       action, process, condition                  genesis, hypnosis, neurosis, osmosis
20. ess                         female                                 goddess, lioness, actress
21. et, ette              small one, group                         midget, baronet, sextet, lorgnette
22. fic                    making, causing                                  scientific, specific
23. ful                          full of                                frightful, careful, helpful
24. fy                           make                                  beautify, fortify, simplify
25. hood               order, condition, quality                         manhood, adulthood
26. ic                     nature of, like                       metallic, acidic, bucolic, simplistic
27. ice               condition, state, quality                              justice, malice
28. id, ide        connected with, belonging to                        fluid, fluoride, bromide
29. ile            relating to, suited for, capable                 juvenile, senile, purile, missile
30. ine                       nature of                             feminine, genuine, medicine




                                                      -6-
                                           SUFFIXES #31-50
          Suffix              Meaning                                        Example
31. ion, sion, tion      act, result, or state of          cancellation, contagion, infection, crenellation
32. ish                origin, nature, resembling                   foolish, Irish, clownish, impish
33. ism                system, manner, condition                alcoholism, communism, capitalism,
34. ist                  one who, that which                            artist, dentist, flautist
35. ity, ty                 state of, quality                   celebrity, captivity, clarity, poverty
36. ive                    causing, making                        abusive, exhaustive, abortive
37. ize, ise                     make                  emphasize, exercise, bowdlerize, bastardize, idolize
38. logy                study, science, theory             biology, anthropology, geology, neurology
39. ly                     like, manner of                       carelessly, fearlessly, hopelessly
40. ment                act of, state or, result            containment, contentment, amendment
41. ness                        state of                              carelessness, restlessness
42. nomy                          law                             autonomy, economy, taxonomy
43. oid                       resembling                     asteroid, spheroid, rhomboid, anthropoid
44. ous                      full of, having                        gracious, nervous, pompous,
45. ship                state of, office, quality               assistantship, friendship, authorship
46. some                 like, apt, tending to              lonesome, lissome, threesome, gruesome
47. tude                state of, condition of                   gratitude, aptitude, multitude
48. ure               state of, act, process, rank            culture, literature, rupture, rapture
49. ward                  in the direction of                   eastward, downward, backward
50. y                    inclined to, tend to                          cheery, crafty, faulty




                                                     -7-

				
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