PHYSICS SEMESTER ONE REVIEW

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PHYSICS SEMESTER ONE REVIEW Powered By Docstoc
					                             HONORS PHYSICS SEMESTER ONE REVIEW
I.           Nuclear Physics with scientific methods and measurements
             1.   List the three types of radiation produced in nuclear reactions from least harmful to most?
             2.   Compare and contrast nuclear fusion versus fission reactions including, but not limited to,
                  advantages and disadvantages of each?
             3.   How is data best visually represented to show relationships between variables?
             4.   Compare and contrast independent, dependent and controlled variables.

       II.         Linear Motion
             5.      Define frame of reference, displacement, speed, velocity and acceleration.
             6.      Distinguish between average,instantaneous and relative velocity.
             7.      How can an object accelerate without changing speed?
             8.      Recognize no motion, constant speed and accelerated motion for both v-t and d-t graphs.
             9.      How are velocity and acceleration calculated from position-time or velocity-time graphs?
             10.     Work problems with linear motion involving acceleration, velocity, displacement and time.

III.         Dynamics
             11. State and be able to recognize examples of each of Newton’s laws.
             12. Identify the action reaction pair thar makes the balloon car go.
             13. Draw the free body diagram for a helicopter lifting off in a heavy wind.
             14. State the relationships between force, mass and acceleration for an object.
             15. Explain the differences between inertia, mass and weight.
             16. Why is the acceleration due to gravity the same for all objects in free fall regardless of mass?
             17. Work problems involving net force, mass and acceleration combined with linear motion formulas
                  for vertical or horizontal motion.

IV.          Motion in Two Dimensions
             18. What assumptions are made when solving projectile motion problems?
             19. What is the direction and size of the acceleration for any projectile at any time it is in the air?
             20. Solve problems for range or time in air, for objects projected horizontally or at an angle.
             21. Explain how an object moving at constant speed in a circular path accelerating?
             22. What is the direction of tangential velocity, centripetal force and centripetal acceleration?
             23. What are centrifugal forces? In what frames of reference do they seem to exist?

       V.          Law of Universal Gravitation
             24.    What is the relationship between the force of gravity, mass and distance between two objects?
             25.    Are astronauts in orbit around the earth really “weightless”. What gives them the sensation of
                    weightlessness?

VI.          Conservation of Momentum
             26. How is the momentum of an object determined?
             27. How is impulse related to momentum?
             28. Which quantities occur in equal and opposite pairs within a system during a collision?
             29. What is the law of conservation of momentum?

VII.         Conservation of Energy
             30. Determine the work or power involved any time an object is moved horizontally or lifted.
             31. What is the relationship between changes in kinetic energy or potential energy and work done?
             32. Calculate the kinetic energy or potential energy for an object.
             33. Describe the changes in mechanical energy that take place within a closed, isolated system such as
                  an object falling or rising in the air due to gravity and use these conversions to calculate the
                  velocity for an object that has fallen or max. height for an object projected upward.
             34. Compare and contrast the 3 methods of heat transfer.
             35. State how the two laws of thermodynamics applies to all machines.
            Honors Physics Final Exam Review Problems: ( Holt Physics -)

pg #    problem #

71     prac prob # 30] 0 m/s2; 1.36 m/s2; 0.68 m/s2

71     prac prob #26] a) -15 m/s b) -38 m

288 prac 8b      #3] 333 N; 567 N

282 sec rev      #3 ] 30 = 0 Nm 25 = 43 Nm 10 = 16 Nm rotate CCW

147 prac 4d      #2] 0.77 m/s2 up ramp

154 mixed rev #50] 64 N up

104 prac 3e      #5] 17.7 m/s; 6.6 m

271 mixed rev #47] a) 0.965 m/s2 b) 1.33 E 3 N c) 0.

211 prac 6b      #2] 1.1 E 3 N up #3] 16 kg m/s;

219 prac 6d      #2 1.66 m/s west

170 prac 5a      #3] 1.6 E 3 J

197 mixed rev #55] a) 5.42 m/s b) .3 c) –147 J

184 prac 5e      #2] 9.9 m/s; 14 m/s

229 prac 6g      #1] a) 22.5 m/s right b) Kei = 6.2 E –4 J = KEf

				
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