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					PEH 180 Worksheet # 1: Chapter 1,2,3

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____    1. When comparing factors that define health, which one does not actually promote health?
           a. being sound in body, mind, and spirit
           b. having regular medical check-ups
           c. the absence of disease or infirmity
           d. a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being
____    2. Which of the following does not describe "wellness"?
           a. purposeful, enjoyable living
           b. the integration of body, mind, and spirit
           c. the absence of disease or infirmity
           d. a deliberate lifestyle choice
____    3. Looking at health and the individual as a whole rather than part by part describes:
           a. physical health
           b. wellness
           c. holistic health
           d. total well-being
____    4. All of the following are essential steps toward maintaining optimal physical health EXCEPT:
           a. taking an aspirin everyday
           b. exercising regularly
           c. feeding our bodies nutritiously
           d. watching out for early signs of sickness
____    5. Psychological health refers to:
           a. your intelligence quotient (I.Q.)
           b. the absence of problems or illness
           c. critical thinking
           d. emotional and mental states
____    6. What matters most on the wellness-illness continuum?
           a. any illness you have
           b. the direction you are moving
           c. how many symptoms you display
           d. your emotional I.Q.
____    7. Psychological health gives individuals the ability to do all the following EXCEPT:
           a. express emotions
           b. function independently
           c. diagnose emotional problems
           d. cope with daily stressors
____    8. All of the following are essential components of spiritual health EXCEPT:
           a. attending a religious service on a weekly basis
           b. helping others achieve their full potential
           c. finding purpose in life
           d. experiencing love, joy, peace, and fulfillment
____    9. All of the following are associated with intellectual health EXCEPT:
           a. your openness to new ideas
           b. your ability to think and learn from life's experiences
           c. your mental stability
           d. your capacity to question and evaluate information
____ 10.   The ability to develop satisfying interpersonal relationships is an example of which component of health?
           a. behavioral
           b. social
           c. sexual
           d. intellectual
____ 11.   To obtain key health-boosting behaviors, one should do all of the following EXCEPT:
           a. control weight
           b. avoid smoking
           c. exercise for 20 minutes, 7 days a week
           d. eat five fruits and vegetables daily
____ 12.   A recent survey found that ____ percent of college students never drink alcohol.
           a. 10
           b. 17
           c. 23
           d. 30
____ 13.   The risk factors for all the following decrease as education increases EXCEPT:
           a. cancer
           b. cigarette smoking
           c. elevated cholesterol
           d. high blood pressure
____ 14.   Which of the following would be an example of primary prevention?
           a. wearing a knee brace after an injury
           b. having coronary bypass surgery
           c. attending smoking cessation classes
           d. immunizing a child against Hepatitis B
____ 15.   To enable college students to be in tune with appropriate health issues, all of the following would be most
           useful to learn about EXCEPT:
           a. HIV/AIDS prevention
           b. physical activity and fitness
           c. smoking cessation
           d. nutrition and dietary behaviors
____ 16.   African Americans have higher rates than whites for all the following EXCEPT:
           a. hypertension
           b. infant mortality
           c. glaucoma
           d. life expectancy
____ 17.   Which statement does not represent a typical health issue with women?
           a. Women are more likely to suffer from depression than men.
           b. Women metabolize alcohol faster than men.
           c. Women have a higher body temperature than men.
           d. Women have faster heart rates than men.
____ 18.   All of the following are types of influences that shape our behaviors EXCEPT:
           a. enabling factors
           b. predisposing factors
           c. preventive factors
           d. reinforcing factors
____ 19.   Which of the following would be considered a predisposing factor to changing behavior?
           a. attitudes, values, and perceptions
           b. previous exposure to illness
           c. encouragement for meeting a goal
           d. physical and mental capacity
____ 20.   Having a membership to a health club is an example of which type of influencing factor?
           a. predisposing
           b. enabling
           c. reinforcing
           d. behavioral
____ 21.   All of the following are examples of reinforcing factors EXCEPT:
           a. A parent offers you money to earn good grades.
           b. You buy yourself a new dress for quitting smoking.
           c. After losing 10 pounds, your friends tell you that you look great.
           d. Your family yells at you when you drink alcohol.
____ 22.   When one is using enabling factors, it is said that the person is using:
           a. skills and resources
           b. accessible facilities
           c. physical and mental capacities
           d. all of these
____ 23.   Encouragement and recognition for meeting a goal describes:
           a. reinforcing factors
           b. enabling factors
           c. behavioral factors
           d. predisposing factors
____ 24.   When a person is planning to make a change within the next 30 days, it means that they have been engaged in
           which process?
           a. contemplation
           b. preparation
           c. maintenance
           d. action
____ 25.   When a person is now practicing his/her new behavioral change, the person is said to be in the ____ stage.
           a. contemplation
           b. preparation
           c. maintenance
           d. action
____ 26.   All of the following are key components of the transtheoretical model of change EXCEPT:
           a. process of change
           b. reinforcements
           c. stages of change
           d. self-efficacy
____ 27.   Joining Alcoholics Anonymous for help with a drinking problem is an example of:
           a. commitment
           b. social liberation
           c. emotional arousal
           d. rewards
____ 28.   Which of the following change processes might include getting rid of your stash of cigarettes?
           a. self-reevaluation
           b. rewards
           c. environmental control
           d. commitment
____ 29.   To change a negative behavior, the first step you should take would be:
           a. getting your physician's permission
           b. becoming aware of the behavior
           c. talking with family members
           d. joining a support group
____ 30.   Which of the following words is best to use when setting goals for behavior change?
           a. going
           b. trying
           c. hoping
           d. wanting
____ 31.   All of the following would be considered positive reinforcements for behavior change EXCEPT:
           a. buying a new sweat suit because you exercised every day
           b. doing ten extra minutes of exercise because you skipped the day before
           c. having a scoop of ice cream because you did all your sit-ups
           d. buying a new pair of tennis shoes because you finished that big race
____ 32.   When comparing factors that encompass psychological health, which of the following most apply?
           a. physical and mental health
           b. mental state and social health
           c. emotional and mental states
           d. mental health only
____ 33.   An emotionally healthy person might exhibit all of the following characteristics EXCEPT:
           a. puts forth the effort to be healthy
           b. can adapt to a variety of circumstances
           c. has compassion for others
           d. understands that the self should be the center of the universe
____ 34.   Perceiving reality as it is, responding to its challenges, and developing rational strategies demonstrates which
           of the following?
           a. spiritual health
           b. emotional health
           c. mental health
           d. social health
____ 35.   All of the following are characteristics of mental health EXCEPT:
           a. the ability to form relationships
           b. being suspicious of the motivations of others
           c. the ability to carry out responsibilities
           d. logical thought processes
____ 36.   The ability to identify one's basic purpose in life and to experience the fulfillment of achieving one's full
           potential demonstrates which type of health?
           a. emotional health
           b. spiritual health
           c. social health
           d. intellectual health
____ 37.   Which of the following translates into a capacity to sense, understand, and tap into the highest parts of
           ourselves, others, and the world around us?
           a. emotional intelligence
           b. spiritual intelligence
           c. intelligence quotient
           d. emotional quotient
____ 38. According to Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, which of the following would be achieved by individuals who
         function at the highest possible level?
         a. marital bliss
         b. terminal happiness
         c. self-actualization
         d. basic fulfillment
____ 39. All of the following are true of self-esteem EXCEPT:
         a. Self-esteem is a belief or pride in oneself.
         b. Self-esteem develops over time.
         c. You are not born with self-esteem.
         d. Self-esteem is based on external factors.
____ 40. Which of the following describes a sustained emotional state that colors one's view of the world for hours or
         days?
         a. a feeling
         b. an idea
         c. a mood
         d. a thought
____ 41. All of the following are benefits of altruism EXCEPT:
         a. lower mental stress
         b. enhanced psychological well-being
         c. higher intelligence
         d. increased self-esteem
____ 42. Individuals who are true to themselves and develop independence demonstrate which of the following
         characteristics?
         a. optimistic
         b. autonomy
         c. assertiveness
         d. extroversion
____ 43. An autonomous individual has a locus of control that is:
         a. negative
         b. internal
         c. individualized
         d. external
____ 44. Having feelings of emptiness, hopelessness and a sadness that does not end is a distinguishing characteristic
         of which of the following?
         a. anxiety
         b. phobias
         c. major depression
         d. a panic disorder
____ 45. Which condition is characterized by experiencing feelings of great energy and euphoria alternated with
         feelings of depression and despair?
         a. major depression
         b. panic attacks
         c. bipolar disorder
         d. acrophobia
____ 46. Another name for bipolar disorder is:
         a. major depression
         b. simple depression
         c. common depression
           d. manic depression
____ 47.   All of the following are characteristic symptoms of a phobia EXCEPT:
           a. unreasonable fear of a specific object
           b. ability to function normally despite fear
           c. recognizing the fear is unreasonable
           d. avoiding the feared object
____ 48.   Generalized Anxiety Disorder is an unrealistic apprehension that causes physical symptoms and lasts for more
           than:
           a. six days
           b. six weeks
           c. six months
           d. six years
____ 49.   When comparing treatments for Generalized Anxiety Disorder, which of the following would not be an
           option?
           a. systematic desensitization
           b. anti-anxiety drugs
           c. behavioral therapy
           d. psychotherapy
____ 50.   Which of the following best describes an obsession?
           a. an unrealistic apprehension that causes physical symptoms
           b. a recurring thought, idea, or image that is senseless
           c. repetitive behavior performed according to certain rules
           d. irrational, intense fear of certain objects
____ 51.   An individual who feels the need to check and recheck repeatedly whether or not the stove was turned off is
           probably suffering from:
           a. an obsessive-compulsive disorder
           b. a phobia
           c. generalized anxiety disorder
           d. depression
____ 52.   When determining risk factors for suicide, which of the following would not be considered?
           a. substance abuse
           b. brain chemistry
           c. compulsive behaviors
           d. physical illness
____ 53.   Stress is a(n):
           a. adaptive response to the body
           b. resistant force on the body
           c. nonspecific response on the body to any demand that is made
           d. homeostatis response
____ 54.   Those things that upset or excite us are known as:
           a. stressors
           b. life events
           c. changes
           d. negative thoughts
____ 55.   Which of the following describes eustress?
           a. chronic stress
           b. positive stress
           c. a nonspecific response
           d. negative stress
____ 56. All of the following events would most likely cause eustress EXCEPT:
         a. birth
         b. reunion
         c. wedding
         d. death
____ 57. The biological theory of stress developed by Hans Selye is known as:
         a. Adaptive Response System
         b. Cognitive-Transactional Model
         c. Alarm Reaction
         d. General Adaptation Syndrome
____ 58. Homeostasis means that our body is:
         a. in an unstable physiological state
         b. in a stable and consistent physiological state
         c. in a constant state of exhaustion
         d. none of these
____ 59. The body attempts to restore homeostasis by means of a(n):
         a. alarm reaction
         b. fight or flight response
         c. adaptive response
         d. resistance phase
____ 60. During which stage of the General Adaptation Syndrome does the body mobilize internal resources to try to
         sustain homeostasis?
         a. Adaptive
         b. Alarm
         c. Resistance
         d. Exhaustion
____ 61. All of the following are considered stress hormones EXCEPT:
         a. catecholamines
         b. testosterone
         c. cortisol
         d. epinephrine
____ 62. The body undergoes many physiological changes that occur during the flight or fight response EXCEPT:
         a. The heart pumps more blood.
         b. Breathing quickens.
         c. The brain becomes extra alert.
         d. The digestive system speeds up.
____ 63. Which trait relevant to the Type A personality is most harmful?
         a. confidence
         b. pride
         c. hostility
         d. determination
____ 64. One of the most common stress related conditions is:
         a. backaches
         b. vision problems
         c. carpel tunnel syndrome
         d. headaches
____ 65. All of the following are ways that students react to stress EXCEPT:
         a. physiologically
         b. socially
           c. emotionally
           d. cognitively
____ 66.   All of the following are strategies for defusing test stress EXCEPT:
           a. Map out a study schedule ahead of time.
           b. Remain positive, focused, and confident.
           c. Never talk with other students because they may confuse you.
           d. Take regular stretch breaks.
____ 67.   All of the following are early signs of burnout EXCEPT:
           a. nightmares
           b. increased alertness
           c. muscular tension
           d. increased use of alcohol
____ 68.   People who become obsessed by their work and careers are known as:
           a. alcoholics
           b. supervisors
           c. stress addicts
           d. workaholics
____ 69.   All of the following are true statements concerning burnout EXCEPT:
           a. Individuals with an external locus of control have lower burnout rates.
           b. Younger employees between the ages of 3040 have higher burnout rates.
           c. Unmarried individuals are more prone to burnout.
           d. Those in helping professions have a greater risk of burnout.
____ 70.   If you wanted to apply a relaxation technique that works by intentionally increasing and then decreasing
           tension in the muscles, you would do:
           a. biofeedback
           b. guided imagery
           c. progressive relaxation
           d. meditation
____ 71.   When you use a relaxation technique that involves creating mental pictures that calm you down and focus
           your mind, you are using:
           a. visualization
           b. mindfulness
           c. meditation
           d. biofeedback
____ 72.   When you are sitting quietly for 20 minutes while concentrating on an image or word while breathing slowly
           and rhythmically, you are practicing:
           a. visualization
           b. mindfulness
           c. meditation
           d. biofeedback
____ 73.   A modern form of an ancient Asian technique called mindfulness uses the principle of:
           a. visualizing positive thoughts
           b. maintaining an awareness of the present moment
           c. meditating on prayers or chants
           d. biofeedback
____ 74.   Biofeedback would employ which of the following techniques?
           a. visualization of pleasant images
           b. distressing exercises
           c. meditation
           d. electronic monitoring device to gain control over muscle tension and heart rate
____ 75.   All of the following are stages of biofeedback training EXCEPT:
           a. developing an increased awareness of a body function
           b. gaining control over a body function
           c. controlling the function without the monitoring device
           d. developing mental pictures to focus your mind
____ 76.   A psychological response to an out-of-the-ordinary stressor defines:
           a. psychosis
           b. an adjustment disorder
           c. distress
           d. posttraumatic stress disorder
____ 77.   When analyzing the following scenarios, all of the following situations might cause a posttraumatic stress
           disorder EXCEPT:
           a. having a bomb explode in your school
           b. witnessing a murder
           c. losing everything to a hurricane
           d. losing a family member after an extended illness
____ 78.   All of the following are factors that enable individuals to thrive in the face of adversity EXCEPT:
           a. a "so what" attitude
           b. secure personal relationships
           c. spirituality
           d. self-efficacy
____ 79.   All of the following may be useful techniques for managing time more efficiently EXCEPT:
           a. Schedule your time.
           b. Develop an efficient study style.
           c. Make a "to do" list and complete every task.
           d. Keep your workspace in order.
____ 80.   To overcome procrastination, all the following might be useful techniques EXCEPT:
           a. Develop ground rules for meeting your own needs.
           b. Do what you like most first.
           c. Divide large tasks into smaller ones.
           d. Build time into your schedule for interruption.

				
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