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					1. The suffix in the term laryngoscopy is _____, which means ________.

~ Rationale: There are only two real suffixes in the answer choices: -scope and
-scopy. A laryngoscopy is a visual examination (-scopy) using a laryngoscope to view
the larynx (laryng/o).
Objective: Analyze, define, and build specialty and procedural terms.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section III, Lesson 2.2

a. laryn, larynx
b. -scope, instrument for visual examination
c. laryngo, abnormal larynx
*d. -scopy, process of visual examination

2. The suffix in the term peritoneal is _____, which means ________.

~ Rationale: The suffix -al means pertaining to. Peritoneal means pertaining to the
peritoneum: peritone/o + -al.
Objective: Define suffixes that represent a process or change.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.1

a. -neal, down or lower
b. perito, peritoneum
*c. -al, pertaining to
d. peri, around

3. The suffix in the term acrophobia is _____, which means _______.

~ Rationale: You've probably heard of the suffix -phobia meaning fear. Many terms
can be generated using this suffix with a combining form that denotes what is
feared. Acrophobia is a fear of heights.
Objective: Define suffixes that represent basic conditions.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section II, Lesson 2.3

*a. -phobia, fear
b. acro, top
c. -ia, condition
d. acropho, heights

4. The suffix in the term pneumonia is _____, which means ________.

~ Rationale: Pneumonia is a term built from the combining form pneum/o (lung) and
the suffix -ia (condition). Pneumonia is a condition in which the lungs become
inflamed, usually after a person inhales Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria.
Objective: Define suffixes that represent basic conditions.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section II, Lesson 1,7

*a. -ia, condition
b. pneumo, lungs
c. -monia, fluid
d. pneu, early or new

5. Removal and viewing of living tissue from the body is a bi_____.

~ Rationale: The suffix -opsy = process of viewing. The combining form bi/o means
life, as in living tissue.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build specialty and procedural terms.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section III, Lesson 2.2

a. oplasty
*b. opsy
c. oscopy
d. ostomy

6. Removal of the larynx is a laryng_____.

~ Rationale: The suffix that means removal, excision, or resection is -ectomy. The
suffix -tomy means incision or cutting into. Unlike -ectomy, it does not denote
removal. The suffix -plasty means surgical repair (laryngoplasty). Laryngoscopy is
the visual examination of the larynx.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build specialty and procedural terms.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section III, Lessons 3.4, 3.5

a. otomy
b. oplasty
*c. ectomy
d. oscopy

7. One who specializes in treating diseases of the kidney is a nephrolog_____.

~ Rationale: The suffix -ist denotes a specialist. The other suffix that refers to a
person is -er, which means one who. Specialists are usually medical doctors, and the
titles that describe them often contain the combining form log/o (study of), for
example, nephrologist, urologist, cardiologist, and ophthalmologist.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build specialty and procedural terms.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section III, Lesson 1.2

*a. ist
b. er
c. e
d. ia

8. Osteo_____ is softening of bones.

~ Rationale: The question asks for the suffix meaning softening, which is -malacia;
-megaly means enlargement and -dynia means pain. Arthritis is inflammation (-itis)
of a joint (arthr/).
Objective: Analyze, define, and build pathology terms.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section II, Lesson 5.3
a. megaly
b. arthritis
c. dynia
*d. malacia

9. Pain in the chest wall muscles aggravated by breathing is called pleur_____.

~ Rationale: Pleur/o = pleura; -dynia = pain. Pleurodynia can be caused by muscular
rheumatism or by irritation of the pleural, or lung, surfaces.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build pathology terms.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section II, Lesson 3.2

a. emia
b. omalacia
c. itis
*d. odynia

10. On Monday, Maria attended classes to learn the process of recording the
electrical impulses of the heart, termed:

~ Rationale: Line them up and put them together: The process of recording
(-graphy) the electrical (electr/o) impulses of the heart (cardi/o) =
electrocardiography. An electrocardiogram (the record that is made of the electrical
impulses) is commonly known as an ECG or an EKG. To summarize, -gram = record;
-graph = instrument for recording; -graphy = process of recording.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build specialty and procedural terms.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section III, Lesson 2.4

a. Electrocardiogram
b. Electrocardiograph
c. Electrocardigraph
*d. Electrocardiography

11. Blepharo_____ is drooping of the eyelid.

~ Rationale: The combining form for eyelid is blephar/o, so you are looking for a
suffix that means drooping, which is -ptosis. The suffix -penia means deficiency;
-trophy means development or nourishment.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build pathology terms.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section II, Lesson 5.4

a. penia
b. ma
*c. ptosis
d. trophy

12. A phlebo_____ is the incision of a vein.
~ Rationale: The question lets you know that phleb/o means vein, so you are looking
for the suffix that means incision, which is -tomy. -Scopy means process of visual
examination; -plasty means surgical repair; and -lysis means breakdown,
destruction, separation.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build specialty and procedural terms.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section III, Lesson 3.3

a. scopy
*b. tomy
c. plasty
d. lysis

13. Carcino_____ means producing or forming cancer.

~ Rationale: Carcinogenesis is the process of initiating and promoting cancer. The
suffix -genesis (condition of producing, forming) denotes a disease’s origins. A
carcinogen [carcin/o (cancer) + -gen (producing)] is a substance or agent that
creates cancer.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build pathology terms.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section II, Lesson 1.3

a. ma
*b. genesis
c. gen
d. malacia

14. Protrusion of the urinary bladder through the vaginal wall is a cysto_____.

~ Rationale: A hernia (-cele) is the protrusion of an organ or the muscular wall of an
organ through the cavity that normally contains it. A cystocele is a kind of hernia. It
occurs when part of the urinary bladder (cyst/o) herniates through the vaginal wall
and is caused by weak pelvic muscles. Cocci are berry-shaped bacteria; -cyte means
cell; and -oma means tumor, mass, or collection of fluid.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build pathology terms.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section II, Lesson 4.8

*a. cele
b. cocci
c. cyte
d. ma

15. A_____ means decrease in cell size.

~ Rationale: Atrophy means that cells decrease in size: a- = without; -trophy =
development. Hypertrophy means that cells increase (hyper-) in size. When a person
lifts weights, her muscles hypertrophy.
Objective: Define suffixes that represent a process or change.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section I, Lessons 1.3, 3.3
a. ptosis
b. therosis
c. genesis
*d. trophy

16. All of the following terms relate to pain except:

~ Rationale: The suffixes -dynia and -algia both mean pain, so the correct answer is
necrotic, which means pertaining to death [necr/o (death) + -tic (pertaining to)].
Objective: Analyze, define, and build pathology terms.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section II, Lesson 3.2

a. Pleurodynia
b. Myalgia
c. Neuralgia
*d. Necrotic

17. Mr. Chaney’s physician told him that his chronic productive cough is from excess
mucus secretion by an inflamed bronchial tree. Inflammation of the bronchi is called
bronch_____.

~ Rationale: The suffix -itis, meaning inflammation, is very common and should be
familiar to you by now. Because the suffix begins with a vowel, the combining vowel
is dropped when the term bronchitis is formed. The suffix -osis means condition
(usually abnormal).
Objective: Analyze, define, and build pathology terms.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section II, Lesson 2.2

a. osis
*b. itis
c. ialitis
d. iostasis

18. Jamie visited the campus clinic with complaints of itching and burning around her
vaginal orifice and a greenish-yellow vaginal discharge. A smear of a specimen of the
discharge indicated she had gonorrhea, a sexually transmitted disease caused by a
diplo_____ bacterium.

~ Rationale: The suffix -coccus denotes a bacterium. (The plural is -cocci, and the
adjective form is -coccal.)
Objective: Analyze, define, and build terms related to natural structures or
magnitudes.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section I, Lesson 1.3

*a. coccal
b. genic
c. plasial
d. sclerotic
19. The physician’s admitting note on Todd Johnson’s chart indicated that Todd
presented with fatigue, pallor, and easy bruising. Blood tests and a bone marrow
biopsy revealed that Todd had an excessive increase in the number of abnormal or
cancerous white blood cells, or leuk_____.

~ Rationale: The suffix -emia refers to any blood condition. For example, leukemia is
an increase in cancerous white blood cells (leuk/o = white); anemia is a type of
blood deficiency; and ischemia is a lack of oxygenated blood that produces a
pressing pain similar to the kind experienced during a heart attack.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build pathology terms.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section II, Lesson 1.9

*a. emia
b. oma
c. ium
d. ous

20. Mr. Huchinson has decreased production of clotting cells, or thrombo_____, from
his treatment with cancer drugs, or chemo_____.

~ Rationale: Even if you do not know that thrombocytes are the kind of blood cells
necessary for clotting, you do know that the suffix meaning cell is -cyte. The suffix
-therapy means treatment. Chemotherapy is a kind of treatment that uses chemical
agents to fight infections and other diseases.
Objectives: Analyze, define, and build terms related to natural structures or
magnitudes. Analyze, define, and build specialty and procedural terms.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section I, Lesson 1.3; Section III, Lesson 3.1

a. celes, stasis
b. sis, plasia
*c. cytes, therapy
d. cytopenia, pathy

21. Which term means surgical puncture to remove fluid from a joint?

~ Rationale: All the terms given include the combining form arthr/o, meaning joint,
so you’ll have to know that the suffix that means surgical puncture to remove fluid is
-centesis. A familiar term that also uses this suffix is amniocentesis.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build specialty and procedural terms.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section III, Lessons 3.2, 3.4, 3.5

*a. Arthrocentesis
b. Arthroplasty
c. Arthrectomy
d. Arthrotomy

22. Which suffix means disease condition?

~ Rationale: Thinking of the term pathology, which is the study of (-logy) disease,
may help you remember that -pathy means disease condition.
Objective: Define new suffixes and review those presented in previous chapters.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section II, Lesson 1.2

a. -itis
b. -osis
*c. -pathy
d. -stasis

23. Enlargement of the spleen is termed:

~ Rationale: Splenomegaly is enlargement (-megaly) of the spleen (splen/o). Note
that the combining form for spleen has only one e in it.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build pathology terms.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section II, Lesson 4.3

a. Splenemia
b. Splenedema
*c. Splenomegaly
d. Splenomania

24. This type of cell contains hemoglobin to carry oxygen:

~ Rationale: An erythrocyte (red blood cell) contains hemoglobin that carries oxygen
to the body’s cells through the bloodstream.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build terms related to natural structures or
magnitudes.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section I, Lesson 1.7

a. Granulocyte
*b. Erythrocyte
c. Monocyte
d. Lymphocyte

25. This type of cell produces antibodies:

~ Rationale: A lymphocyte produces antibodies. A thrombocyte (platelet) is a clotting
cell. Phagocytes (neutrophil) engulf and destroy harmful microorganisms.
Granulocytes are white blood cells with granules in their cytoplasm.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build terms related to natural structures or
magnitudes.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section I, Lesson 1.10

a. Thrombocyte
b. Phagocyte
c. Granulocyte
*d. Lymphocyte

26. The suffix in the term adenoids is:
~ Rationale: Adenoid is a medical term built from the combining form aden/o (gland)
+ the suffix -oid (resembling). The term literally means resembling glands and is
appropriate because adenoids are neither endocrine nor exocrine glands. Adenoids
are small masses of lymphatic tissue in the part of the throat near the nose and
nasal passages.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build terms related to natural structures or
magnitudes.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.1

a. -oids
b. aden/o
c. -noid
*d. -oid

27. The suffix in the term chronic is:

~ Rationale: By now you recognize that the only suffix in the answer options is -ic,
which means pertaining to. Chronic describes a condition that develops slowly and
persists for a long period of time, often for the remainder of an individual’s lifetime
(chron/o = time).
Objective: Analyze, define, and build terms related to natural structures or
magnitudes.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.1

*a. -ic
b. chron/i
c. -onic
d. -nic

28. The suffix in the term laryngeal is:

~ Rationale: There are two possible suffixes: -eal and -al. Both mean pertaining to,
but the suffix in this term is -eal. There are about a dozen suffixes that mean
pertaining to. They are not interchangeable, so you will have to memorize which
suffix goes with which combining form in these cases.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build terms related to natural structures or
magnitudes.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.1

a. -geal
b. yng
*c. -eal
d. -al

29. The suffix in the term cardiomyopathy is:

~ Rationale: Let’s break it down: cardi/o (heart) + my/o (muscle) + -pathy (disease
condition). Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle without a known cause.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build pathology terms.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section II, Lesson 1.2

*a. -pathy
b. -myopathy
c. -apathy
d. -y

30. The suffix in the term metastasis is:

~ Rationale: The suffix in this term is -stasis (stopping, controlling); meta- means
beyond. A metastasis is the spread of a malignant tumor beyond its original site; the
tumor goes beyond where it had stopped before. You may have heard of the related
verb to metastasize.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build terms related to natural structures or
magnitudes.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section II, Lesson 4.10

*a. -stasis
b. -asis
c. -sis
d. -is

31. The suffix -ole means:

~ Rationale: The suffix -ole is one of several that mean little or small. An example of
a term that uses this suffix is arteriole (small arteries).
Objective: Define suffixes that represent basic structures, including magnitude.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.5

a. Above
b. Condition or process
*c. Little or small
d. Resembling

32. The suffix -lysis means:

~ Rationale: The suffix -lysis refers to a process of breaking down or decomposing.
Hemolysis is the breakdown of red blood cells with release of hemoglobin (hem/o =
blood).
Objective: Define suffixes that represent a process or change.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section II, Lesson 4.10

a. Coming together
*b. Breakdown, separation
c. In the presence of oxygen
d. Small

33. The suffix -um means:
~ Rationale: The suffix -um (and -ium), meaning structure, tissue, or thing, is very
common. Examples of terms that use this suffix include bacterium, rectum, and
pericardium.
Objective: Define suffixes that represent basic structures, including magnitude.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section I, Lesson 1.3

*a. Structure, tissue, thing
b. Cord
c. Condition
d. Pertaining to

34. The suffix -ac means:

~ Rationale: There are about a dozen suffixes that mean pertaining to and they are
not interchangeable, so you will have to memorize which suffix goes with which
combining form in these cases. An example of a term using this suffix is cardiac
(pertaining to the heart).
Objective: Define suffixes that represent basic structures, including magnitude.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.1

a. Specialist
b. Process
c. One who is
*d. Pertaining to

35. Excess cells due to an increased rate of cell division is termed:

~ Rationale: You learned the prefix meaning excessive or above normal (hyper-) at
the beginning of this course. All the answer options include this prefix, so to get the
correct answer, you need to know that the suffix -plasia means growth or formation.
Hyperplasia is excessive formation of cells. Hypertrophy is when cells increase in
size, not number (-trophy = development, nourishment).
Objective:
Text page(s):
MTO: Section I, Lesson 3.1

a. Hypercytosis
b. Hyperchondria
c. Hypertrophy
*d. Hyperplasia

36. The term that means pertaining to mucus is:

~ Rationale: Mucous (an adjective) means pertaining to (-ous) mucus (muc/o).
Mucoid means resembling (-oid) mucus (a noun). The noun suffix -us means
structure, substance.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build terms related to natural structures or
magnitudes.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section I, Lessons 1.3, 2.1
*a. Mucous
b. Mocose
c. Mucoid
d. Mucal

37. What is the term for removal of breast tissue?

~ Rationale: The suffix -ectomy suggests removal and is used to form terms that
describe invasive procedures to remove a growth, obstruction, or excess tissue. A
mastectomy is the removal of breast tissue (mast/o = breast). The combining form
mamm/o also means breast, but it is not used in this term.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build specialty and procedural terms.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section III, Lesson 3.5

a. Mammectomy
b. Mammoplasty
*c. Mastectomy
d. Mastopexy

38. What is the term for surgical repair of cartilage?

~ Rationale: Chondroplasty is the surgical repair (-plasty) of cartilage (chondr/o). A
common procedure that involves surgical repair of a narrowed blood vessel is
angioplasty (angi/o = vessel).
Objective: Analyze, define, and build specialty and procedural terms.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section III, Lesson 3.1

a. Colostomy
b. Tracheotomy
c. Angioplasty
*d. Chondroplasty

39. The procedure that creates a permanent artificial opening in the trachea is a:

~ Rationale: All the choices include the combining form for trachea (trache/o), so to
find the correct answer, you must know that the suffix -stomy denotes an opening.
The suffix literally means opening to create a mouth (stoma). A tracheostomy is an
opening into the trachea through which an indwelling tube is inserted. A tracheotomy
is an incision into the trachea to open it below a blockage. It is not meant to be
permanent.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build specialty and procedural terms.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section III, Lesson 3.3

*a. Tracheostomy
b. Tracheotomy
c. Tracheoplasty
d. Trachetomy

40. Minute vessels that collect blood from the capillaries and join to form veins are:
~ Rationale: The suffixes -ole, -ule,–cle, and -olus mean little or small. The term
venule uses the suffix -ule. The term arteriole (small artery), on the other hand,
uses the suffix -ole.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build terms related to natural structures or
magnitudes.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.5

a. Venoles
*b. Venules
c. Viscera
d. Venoids

41. Clusters of berry-shaped bacteria are:

~ Rationale: Both streptococci and staphylococci are berry-shaped bacteria.
Streptococci (sing., streptococcus) grow in twisted chains, whereas staphylococci
(sing., staphylococcus) grow in clusters.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build terms related to natural structures or
magnitudes.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section I, Lesson 1.3

a. Streptococcus
*b. Staphylococci
c. Staphylococcus
d. Lymphocytes

42. What is the term for bone marrow tumor?

~ Rationale: Line the parts up and put them together: tumor (-oma) of bone marrow
(myel/o) = myeloma. Myel/o can also mean spinal cord. The context in which the
word is used indicates the intended meaning.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build pathology terms.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section II, Lesson 4.6

a. Osteoma
*b. Myeloma
c. Osteocele
d. Osteomyoma

Type: F
43. Listen to the pronunciation of the term and write the term.

Objective: Pronounce and spell terms related to natural structures or magnitudes.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section I, Lesson 1.3

a. erythrocyte

Type: F
44. Listen to the pronunciation of the term and write the term.
Objective: Pronounce and spell specialty and procedural terms.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section III, Lesson 3.1

a. angioplasty

Type: F
45. Listen to the pronunciation of the term and write the term.

Objective: Pronounce and spell terms related to pathology.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section II, Lesson 1.2

a. cardiomyopathy

Type: F
46. Listen to the pronunciation of the term and write the term.

Objective: Pronounce and spell terms related to pathology.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section II, Lesson 2.3

a. acrophobia

Type: F
47. Listen to the pronunciation of the term and write the term.

Objective: Pronounce and spell terms related to pathology.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section II, Lesson 3.2

a. arthralgia

Type: F
48. Listen to the pronunciation of the term and write the term.

Objective: Pronounce and spell terms related to pathology.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section II, Lesson 4.10

a. hemostasis

Type: F
49. Listen to the pronunciation of the term and write the term.

Objective: Pronounce and spell terms related to pathology.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section II, Lesson 5.4

a. osteomalacia

Type: F
50. Listen to the pronunciation of the term and write the term.

Objective: Pronounce and spell terms related to natural structures or magnitudes.
Text page(s):
MTO: Section I, Lesson 1.5

a. pericardium

				
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