Impact of HIV AIDS In Africa by anamaulida


									While sub-Saharan Africa contains only 10% of the world's population,
about two-thirds of all HIV/AIDS cases originate here; it is truly a
problem of epidemic proportions. The impact of HIV/AIDS in Africa is felt
throughout everyday life in this region, and if they're not stricken with
it themselves, nearly everyone either knows or is related to someone
suffering from the disease. Antiretroviral treatments are slow in coming
to this region, but they have been trickling in, but slightly less than
half of all Africans who need this treatment are actually getting it. As
the numbers of HIV cases rises, the toll it puts on the already fragile
health care systems in African countries is monumental.The shortage of
beds in overcrowded African hospitals has limited their access to HIV
patients. In many cases, hospitals are only taking those with advanced
cases of AIDS; however, these people are the ones with the lowest chances
of recovery. As a result of the increased workload, many health care
professionals in sub-Saharan Africa have left, while others have been
infected themselves. In fact, Botswana lost nearly a fifth (17%) of its
health care workforce to AIDS between 1999 and 2005. Those who have the
ability to leave inevitably will leave.The household impact of HIV/AIDS
in Africa is just as bad. As parents progress with the disease, their
children are taken to relatives or friends for upbringing; however, it's
very likely that someone in these households has the disease as well. In
Botswana, it is likely that every income earner will take on an
additional dependent in the next decade as a result of AIDS in the
family. In families with no income earners, desperation causes people to
do things they wouldn't normally do. Children will drop out of school in
order to work and women may turn to prostitution in order to generate
income. This is even more dangerous because it increases the likelihood
that HIV will continue to spread.The impact of HIV/AIDS in Africa is also
felt in other areas like food production, which shrinks the workforce due
to sickness. Botswana, Namibia and Zimbabwe are all projected to see a
20% or more reduction in the available agricultural workforce due to HIV.
The diminished workforce means that those who had little to begin with
now have nothing, and those who had nothing are living in extreme
poverty. If they're not sick themselves, people are taking care of sick
family members; this leaves the fields empty with no one to work in them.
HIV touches so many lives in sub-Saharan Africa, and the outlook doesn't
look like it's improving very much in the meantime.

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