LIFE SCIENCE FINAL EXAM REVIEW

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					                  END OF SECOND SEMESTER EXAM - BIOLOGY

II. EXAM SCHEDULE AND PROCEDURES
         Wedneday 6/8/11           1st hour exam 7:50 am – 9:15 am
                                   2nd hour exam 9:25 am – 10:50 am

         Thursday 6/9/11           3rd hour exam 7:50 am – 9:15 am
                                   4th hour exam 9:25 am – 10:50 am

         Friday 6/10/11            5th hour exam 7:50 am – 9:15 am
                                   6th hour exam 9:25 am – 10:50 am

Exams will begin promptly and take the entire exam period to complete. Get to class on time and be
ready with the items below.

III. BRING TO THE EXAM
         a. #2 lead pencils (I suggest bringing 2)
         b. A good eraser
         c. Your “cheat sheet” note card – you must complete the review to get the “cheat sheet”
         d. YOUR BIOLOGY TEXTBOOK – to turn in. If you don’t have it the school will bill your
             parents.

III. HOW TO PREPARE
Review the chapters that we studied (see attached list).
    a.   Study and/or complete the reviews given out at the beginning of each unit/chapter studied.
    b.   Look over the objectives at the beginning of each section…can you do what the objective suggests?
    c.   Review the Study Guide at the end of each chapter. It highlights each section and reminds you of the
             major vocabulary words from each chapter.
    d.   Study class notes!!!

IV. RULES FOR “CHEAT SHEET” NOTECARDS
    a.   The “cheat sheet” is a handwritten on a 4 x 6 inch standard note card. (no typing or photocopies)
    b.   You must have something from each chapter to get the full extra credit. Use colors or lines to separate
         material from each chapter.
    c.   You can draw diagrams, structures, show equations, define vocabulary…..whatever you need
    d.   You may not use any sort of magnifying device on exam day to read your card. Be sensible.
    e.   Submit your card before exams on your exam day. They will be checked and given back to you once the
         exam begins.
    f. You can receive up to 5 points on your final exam for making your note card!!!!!!!!!
       For Example: If the exam has 100 questions and you got 55 pts on Exam + 5 pts for
       doing the notecard = 60% on Exam and You Passed!!!
NAME ______________________________ HOUR ____

                        BIOLOGY FINAL EXAM REVIEW
                               SPRING 2009

The second semester final exam includes the following topics and chapters:

      Cellular Respiration Chapter 9.2 and 9.3
      Cell Growth & Divison (Mitosis) Chapter 10
      Meiosis –Chapter 11
      Mendel and Heredity (Genetics) – Chapter 12
      DNA & RNA and Proteins – Chapter 13
      Genes in Action – Chapter 14
      Evolution – Chapter 16
      Population & Species – Chapter 17
      History of the Earth – Chapter 19
      Reproductive Health (Notes and STD info) Chapter 40

To prepare for your second semester exam, answer the following questions.
You should also make sure that you have your review/vocabulary sheets from each
unit. I will provide you with a list of possible vocabulary that will be on the exam.
You may prepare a note card, front and back, to bring with you to the exam.

On the day of the exam you must bring with you a pencil, your textbook, and your
note card (if you prepare one). You must also pay any library fine that you have
before you will be allowed to take the exam.
(ch9) 1. What is ATP? What is it’s job in our bodies?

(ch9) 2. In what organelle is ATP made?

(ch9) 3. What is broken down to make ATP?

(ch9) 4. Which type of cells would have to make the most ATP?

(ch9) 5. Does aerobic respiration or anaerobic respiration create more ATP?

(ch9) 6. What is the product of anaerobic respiration in plants?

(ch9) 7. What is the product of anaerobic respiration in animals?

(ch9) 8. What is the benefit of anaerobic respiration in animals?
(ch10) 1. What is the overall purpose to mitosis?


(ch10) 2. Briefly outline the steps of mitosis. Draw a picture to illustrate it.




(ch10) 3. Draw and describe the following terms: chromosome, chromatid,
        centromere, chromatin.



(ch11) 4. What is the overall purpose to meiosis?


(ch11) 5. What is the difference between a cell that is diploid and one that is
        haploid?

              If a diploid cell has 8 chromosomes, how many will a haploid cell have?


(ch11) 6. What is a tetrad? When they are formed, the process of crossing-over
        sometimes occurs, what does that mean?



(ch11) 7. What is the end product of meiosis? (be specific) If meiosis occurs in a
        female what do the cells become? If meiosis occurs in a male what do the
        cells become?


(ch12) 8. State the three genetic principles that Mendel established during his
          experiments with pea plants (hint: they are Laws).
(ch12) 9. What is the difference between a trait, gene, and allele?




(ch12) 10. In hamsters, short hair is dominant to long hair. Suppose a hamster
         homozygous for short hair is crossed with one homozygous for long
         hair. Determine the genotype and phenotype of the F1 (first generation)
         offspring. Determine the genotype and phenotype of the F2 (second
         generation).




(ch13) 11. Describe the shape of DNA. What are the parts of the nucleotides?



(ch13) 12. What are the purines & pyrimidines? Explain the base-pairing rules.



(ch13) 13. Describe the process of DNA replication. What is a helicase and polymerase?




(ch13) 14. What is transcription, translation, and what is RNA’s role?
(ch13) 15. DNA Strand: TAC GTC CCA GGT CTA

Write the mRNA:

Transcribe the mRNA strand:


Translate into amino acid strand:


(ch14) 16. Describe the difference between a chromosome mutation and a gene
         mutation. Give an example of a disease cause by each type.




(ch14) 17. What is the difference between a deletion, inversion, and translocation
          mutation.

Deletion –

Inversion –

Translocation -

(ch14) 18. Give a description and example of the human genetic trait known as
         nondisjunction.




(ch14) 20. What is the importance of genetic diversity?




(ch16) 21. Explain the theory evolution by Natural Selection. What were the steps?
(ch16) 22. How does variation within populations play a role in evolution?




(ch16) 23. Explain the relationship between fitness and adaptation.




(ch16) 24. List the evidence that supports evolution by natural selection. Can you think
of any modern examples?




(ch17) 25. What are the five forces that can act on a population to cause evolution?




(ch17) 26. Draw and describe graphs of directional selection, stabilizing selection, and
disruptive selection.




(ch19)28. Name the two theories scientist have about how organic molecules started on
 Earth.




(ch19)29. What did scientists form when they were trying to figure out how cell
membranes were formed?
(ch19)30. Fossils are formed in what type of rock?

(ch19)31. How do scientist think Chloroplasts came to be inside cells? It is a process.


(ch19) 32. How did cyanobacteria change the young Earth’s atmosphere?




(ch19) 33. What modern method of testing allows scientists to date ancient remains?

(ch40) 27. What is the only effective way to prevent unplanned pregnancy and STD’s?




(ch40) 28. Trace the pathway of the sperm from production to ejaculation.




(ch40) 29. Indicate where in the female body fertilization occurs and where it’s
implanted.




(ch40) 30. Explain the importance of female hormones in the maintenance of a
    pregnancy.




(ch40) 31. Define the following terms: gonad, embryo, fetus, follicle, corpus luteum.




(ch40) 32. List two important laws that you should know about sex crimes.
                           Biology – Second Semester
                             Exam Vocabulary List
Mitosis                     Meiosis                 Evolution
Cytokinesis                 Crossing-over           Evolution
Telophase                   Gamete                  Fitness
Anaphase                    Meiosis                 Adaptation
Interphase                  Polar bodies            Natural Selection
Metaphase                   Sexual reproduction     Homologous Structures
Spindles                    Asexual reproduction    Vestigial Organs
Centriole                   Genetic diversity       Artificial Selection
Centromere                  Ootid (egg)             Mutation
Chromatid                   Tetrad
Prophase
Mitosis
Cell cycle
Cell division

Genetics                    Reproduction & Health   Cellular Respiration
Pedigree                    Sperm                   mitochondria
Autosome                    Ovary                   ATP
Karyotype                   Gonad                   anaerobic fermentation
Diploid                     Endocrine System        alcoholic fermentation
Multiple allele             Gland                   lactic acid fermentation
Sex-linked trait            Fertilization           cristea
Haploid                     Copulation              glycolysis
Selective breeding          Testosterone            aerobic respiration
Chromosomal mutations       Testes
Chromosome translocation    Epididymis
Nondisjuction               Vas Deferens
Point mutation              Seminal Vesicles
Chromosome deletion         Cowper’s Gland
                            Prostate
                            Penis
                            Vagina
                            Uterus
                            Follicle
                            Menustration
                            Female Hormones
                            Luteinizing Hormone
                            FSH
                            Estrogen
                            Progesterone
                            Corpus luteum

				
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